Sharing the North Atlantic: Horta and the Atlantic Routes of the Azorean Emigration
Celebrating the 60th anniversary of the eruption of the Capelinhos Volcano and the resulting Azorean Refugee Act of 1958
Presented by the Mayor of Horta, Faial, and the Capelinhos Volcano 60th Anniversary Executive Committee
Sunday, September 9, 2018
3 pm – 7 pm
At the New Bedford Whaling Museum
Tickets: Free but RSVP was requested.
In the 19th century, the port of Horta, Faial, became an important port of call for the American whaling fleet. The Azores were one of the first landfalls for whalers where they would offload whale oil, resupply their vessels, and pick up new crew members. This marked the beginning of the first wave of Azorean emigration to the U.S. – mostly to the East Coast and, in particular, to New Bedford.
The relationship between the U.S. and the Azores, particularly with the city of Horta, was crucial for the opening of the second wave of Azorean emigration, which took place in 1957 when the Capelinhos volcano erupted on the island of Faial. This natural disaster led to the Azorean Refugee Act of 1958, spearheaded by then Senator John F. Kennedy and Senator John O. Pastore (D-Rhode Island). The legislation authorized visas for displaced Azoreans affected by the volcano.
New Bedford and Horta have a shared legacy through the whaling industry and a common cultural heritage still today.
3 pm – 4 pm
4 pm – 5:30 pm
5:30 pm – 6:30 pm