Timeline: The Arctic Voyage of the Polar Bear

The following is a timeline of the voyage aboard the Polar Bear, well documented through the journals of Bernhard Kilian, Dunbar Lockwood, Eben Draper and William Hudson's Icy Hell.


April 3rd, 1913
Vancouver, British Columbia
Men on the Polar Bear leaving for the voyage.


April 9th, 1913
Arctic
Remains of John Muir's cabin near the Muir Glacier.


April 25th, 1913
Bogoslof Island
A rocky coastline with Bogoslof Island in the distance.


April 26th, 1913
Bogoslof Island
On Bogsolof Island, where the men found hundreds of small skeletons of marine life. These peaks are the highest points of the island, the rest being an average of 20 to 25 feet above sea level.


April 28th, 1913
Atka, Aleutian Islands
Arctic landscape.


April 29th, 1913
Atka, Aleutian Islands
Two Atka natives and a grave site in Atka.


May 1st, 1913
Siberia
Four Siberian sheep heads and a portrait of Samuel Mixter, holding a gun, with one of the heads.


May 3rd, 1913
Attu
Image of a young girl and a group portrait with the same girl in the center.


May 4th, 1913
Kamchatka, Russia
Kamchatka landscape.


May 6th, 1913
Kamchatka, Russia
Broken sea ice on the coast of Kamchatka.


May 10th, 1913
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
Two native men in boats, in the foreground sawing a log, another boat in the background, coastline in the background.


May 13th, 1913
Russia
Man standing with a sled and nine dogs.


May 16th, 1913
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
Monument to Crimean War dead.


May 19th, 1913
On board the Polar Bear
Captain Lane receiving a spyglass from the crew on his birthday.


May 24th, 1913
On board the Polar Bear
Dunbar Lockwood and Sam Mixter with two dead sheep.


June 1st, 1913
Indian Point, Siberia
Interior of a Siberian Eskimo Yaranga.


June 2nd, 1913
St. Lawrence Island
Hulin S. Mott and an Eskimo, holding reindeer's reigns, coastline in the background. Close-up of a reindeer in a harness.


June 3rd, 1913
on board POLAR BEAR
(L) Dunbar Lockwood and Samuel Mixter with a walrus pup on board the ship after killing it's mother. (M) Five umiaks with natives in them arriving at the schooner Polar Bear. (R) Arctic landscape of the coastline with dwellings along it, open water in the foreground with miscellaneous ice chunks.


June 4th, 1913
John Howland Bay
Two adults and three children standing in front of a dwelling. William Hudson and natives of Emma Harbor on board the Polar Bear.


June 5th, 1913
John Howland Bay
Two native men in front of umiak frames on storage racks. Portrait of an Arctic woman in front of a dwelling.


June 6th, 1913
Indian Point
A side profile portrait of an arctic woman wearing animal skins, sitting on a rock. Profile of two natives with a child on one's shoulders.


June 7th, 1913
Indian Point
(L) Portrait of a mixed race boy. (M) Portrait of a young girl. (R) Portrait of two women standing face-to-face.


June 8th, 1913
near East Cape
(L) A group portrait of Captain Louis Lane with a Russian judge and his wife aboard the Polar Bear. (M) East Cape coastline. (R) Portrait of a native East Cape woman in front of a dwelling.


June 9th, 1913
East Cape
Four crew members sitting on the deck. Left to right: Joseph Dixon, Dunbar Lockwood, W. Sprague Brooks, Samuel Mixter.


June 10th, 1913
East Cape, Alaska
Arctic dwellings and some natives in East Cape, Alaska.


June 11th, 1913
East Cape, Alaska
Ivan Klebnikov and a native in front of an arctic dwelling.


June 14th, 1913
Arctic
Arctic sun.


June 16th, 1913
Indian Point, Siberia
(L) Two women and a child standing in front of a dwelling. (M) A native girl sitting aboard the Polar Bear. (R) Portrait of Sam Brown Jr. and Sam Brown Sr., both natives of Indian Point, Siberia, aboard the schooner Polar Bear.


June 17th, 1913
Indian Point, Siberia
Siberian Eskimo boys with bird bolas. Boats on boat racks at Indian Point.


June 18th, 1913
Indian Point, Siberia
Two kids holding a camera in front of a dwelling. Two arctic girls sitting in the remains of the steamer Admiral.


June 19th, 1913
Emma Harbor
Natives standing with a child in front of their dwelling. Possibly taken at Emma Harbor, "Plover Bay", Chukchi Peninsula.


June 24th, 1913
St. Lawrence Island
Man holding the reindeer's reigns, sled in the foreground, arctic structures and coastline in the background. Reindeer grazing in a field on St. Lawrence Island.


June 25th, 1913
St. Lawrence Island
Dead emperor geese on ship.


June 27th, 1913
Arctic
Hullin S. Mott carrying a mammoth tusk.


June 30th, 1913
Arctic
Six men on board the schooner POLAR BEAR playing cards on deck, far left: unknown, left top to bottom: Mixter, Silsbee, and unknown, right top to bottom: unknown, Draper.


July 2nd, 1913
Nome, Alaska
Hydraulic gold mining.


July 8th, 1913
Nome, Alaska
Portrait of an Arctic native, "Eskimo Tommy" a crew member from Nome. Umiak frames on a beach at Nome.


July 9th, 1913
Pilgrim River, Nome, Alaska
Person bringing in fishing net, row boat in the distance.


July 12th, 1913
Indian Point
Siberian Eskimo aboard the schooner Polar Bear.

Log Book Entries [1] [2]
July 13th, 1913
Emma Harbor
Arctic woman with child.


July 14th, 1913
East Cape, Alaska
Summer wave erosion on the north coast of Alaska. Portrait of "Sam Brown" (right) and, probably, Napasak (left) standing on board the schooner Polar Bear.

Log Book Entries [1]
July 16th, 1913
Arctic
Climbing aboard the Polar Bear from a grounded ice flow.

Log Book Entries [1]
July 18th, 1913
Cape Serge
Crew member Ivan Klebnikov in a kayak with Captain Louis Lane looking over the edge of the vessel. Shortly thereafter Ivan turned the kayak over and had to climb back aboard the vessel.


July 22nd, 1913
Point Barrow, Alaska
Wreck of the schooner Transit.

Log Book Entries [1]
July 24th, 1913
Point Barrow, Alaska
Portrait of an Alaskan woman.

Log Book Entries [1]
July 25th, 1913
Point Barrow, Alaska
Charles Bower's camp.


August 3rd, 1913
Manning Point
Working slowly toward Manning Point with Elvira following closely to the Polar Bear.


August 5th, 1913
Manning Point
Polar Bear's rudder and propeller jammed on the ice.


August 8th, 1913
Arctic
Elvira tied to the ice.

Log Book Entries [1]
August 15th, 1913
Arctic
Sam's birthday and a hair cutting session.

Log Book Entries [1]
August 25th, 1913
Arctic
Belvidere half hidden by an iceberg.


August 27th, 1913
Near Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
The Polar Bear and Elvira stuck in the ice.


August 30th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Man standing on the icy shore. The beginning of freeze-up at Pokok.

Log Book Entries [1] [2]
September 3rd, 1913
Arctic
Polar Bear and Elvira.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 4th, 1913
On Board POLAR BEAR
Individual portrait of John Heard, sewing winter clothes on board the schooner Polar Bear and portrait of Dunbar Lockwood doing the same.


September 5th, 1913
on board POLAR BEAR
Crew members sewing winter jackets and clothing out of animal (caribou) skins. Top row: John Heard, W. Sprague Brooks, Eben Draper, George Silsbee, Samuel Mixter, Ben Kilian. Bottom row: unknown, unknown, unknown, George Isbester.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 6th, 1913
on board POLAR BEAR
Crew member John Heard putting on his caribou skin pants.


September 7th, 1913
Arctic
Image of the Polar Bear and Elvira. Men cutting a channel toward shore for the Polar Bear.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 8th, 1913
Alaska
(L) Portrait of an arctic woman on a vessel with three dogs. (M) Portrait of three native men with three dogs. (R) Crew member sewing winter clothing out of caribou skins.


September 9th, 1913
near Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Cutting into a channel to bring the Polar Bear closer to the shore, taken from the crow's nest of the Polar Bear.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 10th, 1913
near Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Cutting into a channel to bring the Polar Bear closer to the shore. Man has fallen into the water and is being pulled out.


September 12th, 1913
Demarkation Point
Polar Bear stuck in the ice near Demarkation Point.


September 13th, 1913
Alaska
Polar Bear stuck off the coast.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 14th, 1913
near Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Hauling supplies ashore to winter camp with Elvira in the distance. Possibly Bernhard Kilian preparing a trail to move supplies from the Polar Bear to shore.


September 15th, 1913
Arctic
Hauling Polar Bear supplies ashore over shore-fast ice to winter camp.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 16th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Dog attached to dog sled with supplies on it and an image of the frame of the crew's house at Pokok.


September 17th, 1913
near Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Bringing Elvira's whaleboat ashore to winter camp.


September 18th, 1913
Arctic
"Eskimo Tommy" standing above a dead and cut open seal.


September 20th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Beginning winter housing and camp at Pokok.


September 21st, 1913
On board the Polar Bear
Portrait of Siberian Eskimo leader, Napasak. Image of a man standing in the doorway of a dwelling with a mountain in the background.


September 22nd, 1913
Arctic
Schooner Elvira hidden behind iceberg and Polar Bear's deck and mast covered with snow and ice with Elvira in the distance.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 23rd, 1913
Arctic
Elvira on fire.

Log Book Entries [1] [2]
September 28th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Crew building their winter quarters.

Log Book Entries [1]
September 30th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Crew building the store house at Pokok for the winter.


October 2nd, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
John Heard chopping wood.


October 4th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Building the store house at the Pokok camp.


October 9th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Crew in their winter quarters.


October 10th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Alex Stefansson and mother at Pokok, on their way to Collision Point. Portrait of Alex Stefansson sleeping.


October 12th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Napasak and, possibly Jodo, at Pokok camp.


October 14th, 1913
Arctic
A line of dead seals.

Log Book Entries [1]
October 16th, 1913
Collision Point
Polar Bear crew with the Canadian Arctic Expedition.


October 22nd, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Men making preparations before leaving for the overland journey.


October 23rd, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Picture of Dunbar Lockwood, Eden Draper, William Hudson and Louis Lane before they left on the overland voyage. Group portrait of some of then men who did not go on the trip across Alaska, left to right: Silsbee, Heard, Mixter.

Log Book Entries [1]
October 27th, 1913
Kongakut River
Three men standing around the sled, overland party going south, up the Kongakut River.


October 28th, 1913
Kongakut River
Captain Louis Lane standing in front of a tent with a can and a spoon in his hands. Overland party going south, up the Kongakut River.


November 2nd, 1913
Arctic
Portrait of Eden Draper and Dunbar Lockwood.

Log Book Entries [1]
November 9th, 1913
Alaska
Dunbar Lockwood collecting willow for mattresses on his journey across Alaska.


November 15th, 1913
Alaska
Overland party's camp in the Yukon Flats. William Hudson wearing animal skins and holding a stick, standing in front of a tent in the arctic.

Log Book Entries [1]
November 19th, 1913
Fort Yukon
Overland party at Haly's Roadhouse.

Log Book Entries [1]
November 27th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Thanksgiving dinner at Pokok camp. Back row: Ole Nervik, Hermann Kilian. At the table, left to right: Billy Mogg, Ivan Klebnikov, unknown, unknown, Joseph Dixon, Hulin S. Mott, Ed Morris, native, Samuel Mixter, Bernhard Kilian.


November 30th, 1913
Circle, Alaska
Overland party leaving Circle, Alaska. Horses pulling a sleigh of wood with men standing near the sled, dwelling and mountains in the background.


December 4th, 1913
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Native's quarter.


March 28th, 1914
Alaska
Portrait of two natives from the waist up, most likely Itloon and his wife.


March 30th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Top of shelter is free of snow.


April 10th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Digging out the winter camp at Pokok, possibly George Silsbee.


April 13th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Winter camp's storehouse in the spring.


April 21st, 1914
Arctic
Man standing on the pack ice aiming a darting gun.


April 30th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Man building a small umiak frame with fox skins drying.


May 1st, 1914
Native Camp near Pokok
Arctic child sawing a log.


May 10th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Red-necked phalarope.


May 25th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Late Spring ice, taken at the winter camp site.


May 31st, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Spring at Pokok Camp. Children plucking ptarmigan.


June 6th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Wetlands on the north coast of Alaska.


June 30th, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Ruins.


July 1st, 1914
Arctic
George Isbester, Hermann Kilian, and Bill Seymour standing with the fish that they caught, with a dwelling in the background. Image of salmon drying on a rack at Pokok.


July 12th, 1914
Native Camp near Pokok
Two individual portraits of native men. A portrait of a young girl and a portrait of a man and woman.


July 13th, 1914
Native Camp near Pokok
Eskimo grave.


July 21st, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Group portrait of six adults and two children all sitting with one dog.


July 23rd, 1914
Pokok Lagoon, Alaska
Probably a Lapland Longspur.


July 27th, 1914
Arctic
Captain Louis Lane in a kayak surrounded by water.


July 28th, 1914
Herschel Island, Alaska
(L) Man carrying a large bundle of baleen with dwellings in the background. (M) Eskimo child with a toy bow-and-arrow. (R) An abandoned house at Herschel Island.


July 29th, 1914
Herschel Island, Yukon
(L) Men coming ashore from the schooner North Star. (M) Image of the schooner Alaska. (R) North Star, Mary Sachs, and Alaska of Canadian Arctic Expedition at Herschel Island.


August 1st, 1914
Arctic
Two whaleboats cruising.


August 12th, 1914
Arctic
Photograph of George Silsbee and Hulin S. Mott on board the schooner Polar Bear.


September 4th, 1914
Arctic
Two whaleboats, cruising.


September 20th, 1914
Arctic
Ice Floes.


September 21st, 1914
Near East Camp, AL
Image of the Arctic cliffs and two rowboats with people aboard them.


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