Old Dartmouth Historical Society
Date of Source: 2 December 2014
Processed by Mark Procknik and Stefan Strychar; Finding aid encoded by Stefan Strychar
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New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library Mss 144, [sub-group, series, sub-series, folder/volume as appropriate], [item]
Materials in this collection were donated to the New Bedford Whaling Museum by David K. St. Aubin, on February 18, 2014, as part of Accession #2014.14.
Processed by: Stefan Strychar, 2014
Encoded by: Stefan Strychar, 2 December 2014
The New Bedford Rayon Company was established in June 1928 as an offshoot of Delaware Rayon Company of New Castle, Delaware. Formed to meet a growing demand for rayon fiber on the part of New England textile manufacturers, the company commenced operations one year later in what had been the buildings of Manomet Mills at New Bedford, Mass. New Bedford Rayon Company grew at a steady rate between 1930-1950, supplying a world-wide market for different types of rayon yarn. The firm also manufactured rayon-based synthetic fabrics during this period, particularly through its subsidiary, New Bedford Knitting Company. In 1951, New Bedford Rayon Company became a division of Mohawk Carpet Mills, Inc., of Amsterdam, N.Y., and shifted its focus to producing rayon for use in carpets.
The company remained associated with the Amsterdam firm–reorganized as Mohasco Industries, Inc., in 1957– until 1969, then became a part of Empire Synthetics Corporation of Mt. Vernon, N.Y. Under the name of New Bedford Rayon, Inc., the company attempted to combat growing competition from other types of synthetic fiber producers by manufacturing dyed yarns as well as novelty and regular commercial grades of yarns. Sales, however, continued to decline, and this factor, when combined with increasing labor costs, high tax rates, and a serious fire at the mill, led to the liquidation of New Bedford Rayon, Inc., in September 1970.
Scope and Content Note
The New Bedford Rayon, Inc., Records consist of a collection of correspondence, textile industry-related documents, and legal paperwork created by the New Bedford Rayon, Inc. Company, dating from 1946 to 1996. The bulk of the items were created between 1989 and 1992, focusing on legal proceedings involving the company.
The collection is divided into two series, arranged by content: Textile Industry documents and Legal documents.
Inventory of Collection
Materials related to the textile industry.
Legal materials related to New Bedford Rayon, Inc. lawsuit.
Last modified: February 4, 2015