The Liberation of Fenian Prisoners in Western Australia, 1866-1876

A Bibliography of Related Literature


Primary Sources

Catalpa (bark) of New Bedford. George Smith Anthony (1843-1913) master. April 29, 1875-August 23, 1876. ODHS #557, Reel 283

Gazelle (bark) of New Bedford. David R. Gifford, master. Frederick Hussey, keeper. September 13, 1866-January 4, 1868. ODHS #96A, Reel 24

Gazelle (bark) of New Bedford. David R. Gifford, master. John A. Vieira, keeper. September 13, 1866-April 20, 1870. KWM #361, Reel 43

Crew list. Catalpa (bark) of New Bedford [George Smith Anthony, master. 1875]. MSS 79 Series c, Sub-Series 3, Folder 1


Register for seamen’s names and descriptions with index of vessel names and the names of the men, 1873-1875. “BarkCatalpa, Anthony, New Bedford, Atlantic Ocean, April 29, 1875, p. 180. Property of the New Bedford Port Society on deposit at the New Bedford Whaling Museum Library


Newspaper Accounts

Catalpa hero dies – Captain George S. Anthony succumbs to pneumonia,” May 22, 1913. ODHS scrapbook collection, Vol. T-4, p. 125

  “A hero worthy of a Homer’s song – A tribute to Capt. George S. Anthony written for the Standard by Hon. John W. Goff, Justice of the Supreme Court of New York,” ODHS scrapbook collection, Vol. T-4, p. 125   “The story of the Fenian rescue and the part Captain Anthony played,” ODHS scrapbook collection, Vol. T-4, pp. 126-127



Amos, Keith. The Fenians in Australia, 1865-1880. Kensington, NSW: New South Wales Press, 1988

Breslin, John J. The cruise of the Catalpa: a poem. Boston: Press of Rockwell and Churchill, 1876. Pamphlet, BI-105

Fennell, Thomas McCarthy. Voyage of the Hougoumont and life at Fremantle… [Philadelphia]: Xlibris, 2000

Hawes, Charles Boardman. “The extraneous adventures of a whaler,” The Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 133, no. 5 (May 1924), p. 641-47

Laubenstein, William J. The emerald whaler. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1960

Norton, Bessie Lee. “The voyage of the Catalpa,” The Duke’s County Intelligencer, Vol. 11, no. 3 (February, 1970), p. 101-111

Ó Lúing, Seán. Fremantle Mission. [Tralee, Ireland]: Anvil Books, 1965

Pease, Zephaniah. The Catalpa expedition. New Bedford, MA: G.S. Anthony, 1897

Roche, James Jeffrey. Life of John Boyle O’Reilly. New York: Cassell Publishing, 1891

Watson, Dr. John, ed. 100 years ago… a special collection of papers on the background and significance of the Fenian escape from Fremantle, Western Australia, Easter, 1876. [Nedlands, WA]: John Watson, 1976

Wieting, John. “The cruise of the Catalpa,” Adventure, Vol. 121, no. 3 (July, 1949), p. 66-73