Inventory of the Brown Family Papers In the New Bedford Whaling Museum Research LibraryProcessed by: Jalien Hollister; machine-readable finding aid created by: Mark ProcknikInventory of the Brown Family Papers In the New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library

Table of Contents

Historical Note

Scope and Content Note

Information for Researchers

Administrative Information

Description

Added Entries

Inventory of the Brown Family Papers

In the New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library



Title:
Brown Family Papers
Date Span:
1884-1938 (bulk dates: 1910-1924)
Creator:
Brown family
Mss Number:
Mss 110
Extent:
3.5 linear feet
Abstract:
Papers and correspondence to Lydia Grinnell Brown of New Bedford, Massachusetts, from her mother, father, and brother between the years 1910 and 1924. The letters and newspaper clippings reflect the experiences of a black family living in New Bedford and during World War I. Dallas Brown Jr.'s observant letters to Lydia describe his experiences while stationed in the U.S. Army at various segregated army camps in the United States and France.
Repository:
New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library
Whaling Museum: (508) 997-0046
Maritime Curator/Librarian: (508) 717-6837

Historical Note

Lydia G. Brown was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1895. She attended New Bedford High-school (college course) around the year 1910. She then graduated Simmons College with a BS in Secretarial Studies in 1915 and was employed by the Homestead Commission, State House, Boston, Massachusetts. During World War I she served as a translator of foreign languages in one of the war emergency boards in Washington D.C. After the war she was employed in the Labor Department, circa 1920. She was then employed as a teacher by the Dunbar School in Washington, D.C. in 1920. Around 1921 Lydia was a delegate and worked as a translator for the Pan-African Congress in Paris, London and Brussels, Belgium. She lived in Paris from 1923 to 1924. Lydia G. Brown never married. She died in New York City June 19, 1945, aged 52 years. She is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery.

Dallas Brown Jr. was born in Providence, Rhode Island in 1890, attended school in New Bedford, and later graduated from M.I.T. in 1910 with a M.E. He served in WWI with the 317th Engineers, A. E. F., 92nd Division in France. He was a First–class Sergeant and Chief Assistant to Topographical Division (topographical and mechanical drafting). Dallas Brown Jr. enlisted in the Army in 1918 and his letters describe his experiences as a new recruit into the segregated troop camps and living in France. He had five and a half years experience in the construction installation and operation of engines, boilers, fuel-oil systems at the F. R. Ship Corp. in Quincy, Massachusetts. He spent one year on milling machine construction at the Becker Milling Machine Co. of Hyde Park, MA. He also spent one year as designing draftsman and assistant to Master Mechanic of the Revere Rubber Co. of Chelsea, MA. In 1921 he was listed as a clerk in the Census and from 1924-1926 he served as an assistant instructor at the Swain School in New Bedford. His last known address was in New York City in 1955. He never married.

Lavinia Clark Brown was from Providence, R.I. She was 60 years old when she died in New Bedford on 14 May, 1925. She was apparently unemployed but was an accomplished seamstress. Her parents were Charles and Louisa Hamilton Clark of New York City. She claimed Alexander Hamilton, (1757-1804) Secretary of the Treasury, as a grandfather. She also claimed Touissant Louverture Francois Dominique (1743-1803) as a part of her West Indian heritage.

Dallas Brown Sr. was born in 1861 in Maryland, the son of Allen and Elizabeth West Brown. He lived in Providence, R.I. for a time and in New Bedford at 184 Rockland St. for many years. Mr. Brown was a communicant of Grace Episcopal Church as well as a butler for Frederick Grinnell (1836-1915) at 379 County St. in New Bedford, MA. He was listed in the census as a butler from 1894 until 1910, but from 1921 to 1932 he was listed as a caretaker. He and Lavinia were most likely married around 1886. Mr. Brown died at Massachusetts General Hospital, October 1933 at the age of 72.

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Scope and Content Note

The bulk of this collection consists of Lydia G. Brown's incoming correspondence from her mother, 1916-1924, father, 1905, 1917-1924, and her brother, 1918-1924. Also included among Lydia's correspondence is a letter from Dallas Brown Jr. to Dallas Brown Sr., 1918, along with Lydia's general correspondence to friends, institutions, and organizations, 1917-1924. There is also one letter included in this collection written in 1884 by Mar E. Springstern to her cousins Alf and Emma.

Also included in this collection are Lydia’s school books and papers from 1900 to 1915. These school books and examination books illustrate Lydia's dedication and her perseverance for excellence. This collection also contains ephemera of Lydia Brown and her brother Dallas Brown Jr., 1890-1938. Ephemera pertaining to Lydia spans the years 1907-1910, 1915, 1919-1920, 1924, 1938 and consists of programs, postcards, an autograph book, and other small personal items. Ephemera associated with Dallas Brown Jr. is dated 1890, circa 1907, 1910, circa 1916, 1918-1919 and consists of programs, items relating to MIT, and a news clip.

The remainder of this collection contains items not directly associated with Lydia or her brother, Dallas Jr. These unassociated items include programs, dated 1920, and news clippings from 1918.

Arrangement of Collection

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Information for Researchers

Access to Collections

Unrestricted. Consult librarian for an appointment.

Preferred Citation

New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library Mss 110, [sub-group, series, sub-series, folder/volume as appropriate], [item]

Copyright Notice

The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted materials. The Privacy Act of 1974 (5 United States Code 552a) governs the use of materials that document private individuals, groups, and corporations.

Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a reproduction if the document does not infringe the privacy rights of an individual, group, or corporation. These specified conditions of authorized use include:

- non-commercial and non-profit study, scholarship, research, or teaching
- criticism or commentary
- as a NBWM archives preservation or security copy for research use
- as a research copy for deposit in another institution

If the researcher later uses a copy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," the researcher is personally liable for copyright, privacy, or publicity infringement and agrees to indemnify the New Bedford Whaling Museum from any legal action as a result of the error. Permission to obtain a photographic, xerographic, digital, or other copy of a document does not indicate permission to publish, exhibit, perform, reproduce, sell, distribute, or prepare derivative works from the document without permission from the copyright holder and from any private individual, group, or corporation shown or otherwise recorded.

Permission to publish, exhibit, perform, reproduce, prepare derivative works from, sell, or otherwise distribute the item must be obtained separately in writing from the holder of the original copyright (or if the creator is dead, from his/her heirs) as well as from any individual(s), groups, or corporations whose name, image, recorded words, or private information (e.g. employment information) may be reproduced in the source material. The holder of the original copyright is not necessarily the New Bedford Whaling Museum. The New Bedford Whaling Museum is not legally liable for copyright, privacy, or publicity infringement when materials are wrongfully used after being provided to researchers for "fair use."

This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if fulfillment of the order is judged in violation of copyright or federal or state privacy law. This institution also places restrictions on the use of cameras, photocopiers, and scanners in the research room.

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Administrative Information

Provenance

Materials in this collection were purchased by the New Bedford Whaling Museum from Edward Lefkowicz on 17 October 1991

Processing Information

Processed by: Jalien Hollister, 2012

Encoded by: Mark Procknik, 23 August 2012

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Description

Series I: Lydia Grinnell Brown School Books and Papers, 1900-1915 [6 inches]
Series I contains Lydia’s school books and papers
Box 1
Folder 1
Schoolbook, 1900, 1905
Folder 2
Schoolbook: History (Part I), 1903
Folder 3
Schoolbook: (enclosures) Dallas Brown Jr. drawings (Part II), 1903
Folder 4
Schoolbook: French, circa 1904
Folder 5
Schoolbook: "S. A. Howland Kitchen," 1904-1905
Folder 6
New Bedford High School class schedules, 1907-1908
Folder 7
School papers, 1908-1909
Folder 8
Schoolbook and papers: algebra, circa 1910
Folder 9
Schoolwork: arithmetic, 1911
Folder 10
Schoolbook: eighth grade French, undated
Folder 11
Schoolbook: French, undated
Folder 12
Schoolbook: French, undated
Folder 13
Schoolbook: Math, undated
Folder 14
Schoolbook: French, undated
Folder 15
Hall High School schoolbook: French, undated
Folder 16
New Bedford High School schoolbook: French, undated
Folder 17
New Bedford High School schoolbook: French, undated
Folder 18
New Bedford High School schoolbook: French, undated
Folder 19
School papers: English, Math, Sociology, and Biology, undated
Folder 20
Schoolbook: "French Comp. Ethel Dunbar," undated
Folder 21
Essay: "The Chinese Should Not be Excluded From the U.S.," undated
Folder 22
Simmons College Course of Study, undated
Folder 23
Simmons College exam papers, 1908-1914
Folder 24
Simmons College schoolbook: French, 1914
Folder 25
Simmons College stenography notebook, 1915
Folder 26
Simmons College Alumni Endowment, 1920
Series II: Correspondence, 1884, 1905, 1916-1924 [3 linear feet]
Series II consists of Lydia's incoming correspondence from her mother (Lavinia), father (Dallas Brown Sr.), and brother (Dallas Brown Jr.). Correspondence from Dallas Brown Sr. to his son (Dallas Brown Jr.) along with Lydia's general correspondence to individuals, organizations, and institutions is also represented.
Sub-series A: Correspondence from Lavinia Brown to Lydia G. Brown, 1916-1924
Box 2
Folder 1
1916
Folder 2
June, 1917
Folder 3
July, 1917
Folder 4
August, 1917
Folder 5
October, 1917
Folder 6
November, 1917
Folder 7
December, 1917
Folder 8
January, 1918
Folder 9
February, 1918
Folder 10
March, 1918
Folder 11
April, 1918
Folder 12
May, 1918
Folder 13
June, 1918
Folder 14
July, 1918
Box 3
Folder 1
August, 1918
Folder 2
September, 1918
Folder 3
October, 1918
Folder 4
November, 1918
Folder 5
December, 1918
Folder 6
Undated
Folder 7
January, 1919
Folder 8
February, 1919
Folder 9
March, 1919
Folder 10
April, 1919
Folder 11
May, 1919
Folder 12
June, 1919
Folder 13
July, 1919
Folder 14
August, 1919
Folder 15
September, 1919
Box 4
Folder 1
October, 1919
Folder 2
November, 1919
Folder 3
January, 1920
Folder 4
February, 1920
Folder 5
March, 1920
Folder 6
April, 1920
Folder 7
May, 1920
Folder 8
June, 1920
Folder 9
September, 1920
Folder 10
October, 1920
Folder 11
November, 1920
Folder 12
December, 1920
Folder 13
January, 1921
Folder 14
February, 1921
Folder 15
March, 1921
Folder 16
April, 1921
Folder 17
May, 1921
Folder 18
June, 1921
Folder 19
October, 1921
Folder 20
November, 1921
Folder 21
December, 1921
Box 5
Folder 1
January, 1922
Folder 2
February, 1922
Folder 3
March, 1922
Folder 4
April, 1922
Folder 5
May, 1922
Folder 6
June, 1922
Folder 7
July, 1922
Folder 8
August, 1922
Folder 9
October, 1922
Folder 10
December, 1922
Folder 11
1923
Folder 12
1924
Folder 13
Undated
Sub-series B: Correspondence from Dallas Brown Sr. to Lydia G. Brown, 1905, 1917-1924
Folder 14
1905
Folder 15
1917
Folder 16
1918
Folder 17
1919
Folder 18
1920
Folder 19
1921
Folder 20
1922
Folder 21
January-September, 1923
Folder 22
October-December, 1923
Folder 23
January-March, 1924
Folder 24
April-May, 1924
Folder 25
June-July, 1924
Folder 26
Birthday card, undated
Sub-series C: Correspondence from Dallas Brown Jr. to Lydia G. Brown, 1918-1924
Box 6
Folder 1-3
1918
Folder 4
1919
Folder 5
1920
Folder 6-7
1921
Folder 8
1922
Folder 9
1923
Folder 10
1924
Folder 11
Undated
Folder 12
Fragment, undated
Sub-series D: Correspondence from Dallas Brown Jr. to Dallas Brown Sr., 1918
Folder 13
1918
Sub-series E: General Correspondence of Lydia G. Brown, 1917-1924
Box 7
Folder 1
Simmons College, 1917
Folder 2
Civil Service Commission, 1917
Folder 3
Grafton State Hospital, 1917
Folder 4
Massachusetts Board of Education, 1917
Folder 5
State Department of Health, 1917
Folder 6
Invitation by Gov. of Massachusetts, 1917
Regarding conference on city and town planning
Folder 7
Unknown correspondents, 1917
Folder 8
"Madge" in Marlboro, Massachusetts, 1917
Folder 9
Public schools of Washington D.C., 1918
Folder 10
Women's Institute of Domestic Arts and Services, 1919
Folder 11
Emma K. Shaw, 1919
Folder 12
U.S. Treasury Department, 1919
Regarding war risk insurance
Folder 13
War Trade Board, 1919
Folder 14
Wedding announcement, 1919
Folder 15
Pen pal letter from Lydia Browne, 1919
Folder 16
Receipt from Dr. Gustav J. E. Tieck, MD, 1919
Folder 17
From McKenny, 1919
Folder 18
Department of Labor, 1919
Regarding Women's Bureau
Folder 19
United States Department of Labor, 1919
Folder 20
United States Treasury, 1920
Folder 21
Federal Employees Union, No. 2, 1920
Folder 22
Valentines Card, 1920
Folder 23
Anna H. Brown, 1920
Folder 24
Underwood Typewriter Co., 1920
Folder 25
Dunbar High School, 1920
Folder 26
Pan-African Conference, 1921
Folder 27
"Mamie" in Boston, 1921
Folder 28
Leann F. Johnson, 1921
Folder 29
Easter Postcard from Aunt Hennie, 1921
Folder 30
Memo record of course taken, 1921
Folder 31
American Express Co. and National City Bank, 1921-1924
Folder 32
From Lydia to Dunbar High School, 1922
Folder 33
Teacher's College, 1922
Folder 34
"N.F.B." of Washington D.C., 1922
Folder 35
Attorney Carl F. Phillips, 1922
Regarding Brown vs. Brill
Folder 36
Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., 1922
Folder 37
Receipts from trip to Europe, 1924
Folder 38
Letter fragments, undated
Folder 39
Empty envelopes, undated
Sub-series F: Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1884
Folder 40
Correspondence from Mary E. Springstern to cousins Alf and Emma, 1884
Series III: Ephemera, 1890, 1907-1910, 1915-1916, 1918-1920, 1924, 1938 [6 inches]
Series III consists of programs, postcards, an autograph book, and news clippings all relating to Lydia G. Brown and Dallas Brown Jr.
Sub-series A: Lydia Brown Ephemera, 1901-1910, 1915, 1919-1920, 1924, 1938
Box 8
Folder 1
From Lydia Brown to Dallas Brown Jr., 1907
Folder 2
Girls Friendly Society in America membership card, 1909
Folder 3
New Bedford High School autograph book, 1908, 1910
Folder 4
Student photographs, undated
Folder 5
Unused travel book, undated
Folder 6
National Air Mail Week arm band, 1938
Folder 7
Postcards and cards, undated
Folder 8-9
Ephemera, undated
Folder 10
"Billete Kilometrico," Paris to Spain, 1924
Folder 11
News clips, undated
New Bedford High School
Folder 12
Simmons College programs, undated
Folder 13
Simmons College Fund forms, 1920
Folder 14
Simmons College for War Service, 1919
Folder 15
Simmons College Commencement, 1919
Folder 16
Simmons College Senior Prom dance booklet, 1915
Sub-series B: Dallas Brown Jr. Ephemera, 1890, circa 1907, 1910, circa 1916, 1918-1919
Folder 17
News clip, 1919
Black Colored Troops Honored
Folder 18
MIT songbook, undated
Folder 19
MIT ephemera, circa 1907
Folder 20
MIT Class of 1890 alumni token, 1890
Folder 21
MIT ephemera, circa 1916
Folder 22
Calendar, 1910
Folder 23
"Shirt Waist Dance Attack," 1918
Series C: Unassociated Material, 1918, 1920
Folder 24
Dartmouth Class of 1875 Reunion, 1920
Folder 25
National Spun Silk Co. Minstrel Show and Dance, 1920
Folder 26
New clips, 1918
"First Colored Men to Leave for Devens"
Folder 27
News clips, undated

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Added Entries

Becker Milling Machine Co. (Hyde Park, Mass.)
Brown Lydia Grinnell, 1895-1945
Brown family
Brown, Allen, fl. 1850
Brown, Dallas Jr., b. 1890
Brown, Dallas Sr., 1861-1933
Brown, Elizabeth West
Brown, Lavinia Clark, 1865-1925
Camp Sherman (Ohio)
Civil Service Commission (United States)
Clark, Charles, fl. 1850
Clark, Louisa Hamilton, fl. 1850
Dubois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963
Dunbar High School (Washington, D.C.)
F. R. Ship Corp. (Quincy, Mass.)
Fort Devens (Mass.)
Fort Slocum (N.Y.)
Grace Episcopal Church (New Bedford, Mass.)
Grinnell family
Hall High School (New Bedford, Mass.)
Hamilton, Alexander, 1755-1804
Homestead Commission (Boston, Mass.)
London (England)
National Federation of Federal Employees
National Spun Silk Co.
New Bedford (Mass.)
New Bedford High School (New Bedford, Mass.)
New York (N.Y.)
Paris (France)
Phillips, Carl F., fl. 1920-1950
Providence (R.I.)
Revere Rubber Co. (Chelsea, Mass.)
Second Pan-African Congress
Simmons College (Boston, Mass.)
Springstern, Mary E., fl. 1884
Swain School (New Bedford, Mass.)
Touissant Louverture, 1744-1803
United States. Army
United States. Dept. of Labor
United States. Dept. of the Treasury
War Risk Insurance
War Trade Board
West Indian
Women's Institute of Domestic Arts and Services
World War, 1914-1918

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