John Avery Parker Letterbook

1849

Preface to the Transcriptions:

The letterbook of John (or Jonathan) Avery Parker & Son begins in November 1845 and ends in November 1851. In 1848, the partnership between John and his son Frederick was dissolved by mutual consent, and letters subsequent to that date are John's only. It also includes letters written by Parker about business dealings and investments, notably the Plympton Cotton Mill. Most of the letters relate to Parker's activities in whaling, but his investments in textiles, railroads, and real estate in several states are also featured.

The letterbook is a large volume (16.5" x 10"), bound in brown leather with a gold-stamped design. It contains 255 sheets. The letters were composed by John Avery Parker (JAP), his son Frederick (FP), and their employee William Phillips (WP). The original letters would have been written by one of these three men, or perhaps dictated by them to a clerk. The letters in the letterbook were then copied, usually by clerks, but frequently by Phillips and occasionally by one of the Parkers. Letters that are in J. A. Parker's own hand are noted.

Although the letterbook is generally limited to business correspondence, the Dunbars, Coggeshalls, and Heinekens feature prominently.

Because the letters were copied, we cannot be sure that they match the originals precisely. For that reason, I have felt free to make more changes than my editorial training would normally permit. To make letters more readable, I have inserted periods at the ends of some sentences where they were missing, and I have regularized capitalization. In order to make the letterbook searchable without tagging, I have expanded abbreviations and regularized spellings of terms that readers might search for: the words sperm, whale, and railroad are always spelled out, though Parker’s clerks frequently abbreviated them. In addition, the names of cities, ships, and people and firms with whom Parker corresponded are spelled out and corrected where necessary. All other spelling errors and abbreviations have been retained.

The dateline of all letters includes “New Bedford.” This has been omitted. Datelines have been regularized and are included in full for each letter. Letters were generally signed “Yours Respectfully,” “Respectfully Yours,” or “Yours.” These lines have been omitted, but other closings are transcribed.

As yet there is no systematic attempt to annotate the letters. When correspondents are identified, in order to verify the spelling of their names, whatever information was found about them is included.

Preface and transcriptions by Beth Luey, volunteer
New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library

Transcriptions for 1849

January 1, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Dr Sirs
Your favor of 27th is received with the enclosers. I here return the 2 notes together with J B Congdon cashier check for eleven hundred eighty dollars for payment of stock in Philadelphia & Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad Company.
JAP

January 1, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 22d Decr came duly to hand since which I have received none of your favors. You confirm my purchase of 900 bbls whale oil but have not replyed to my letter of next date advising you of having purchased about 850 bbls more. The Republic is now loaded with one of the lotts purchased say about 700 bbls as per annexed invoice amt to debit Decr 21 1848 $8259.96. The remaining lotts as remaining in the shed & cellars some of them filled up and others not yet filled will forward invoices as soon as taken out. Enclosed I send you my a/c current made up to Dec 31, 1848. Balance in my favor of $58, 576.53 chgd in new a/c which please to examine and enter accordingly if found correct. I have this day drawn on you at sight without grace favor J B Congdon cashier for two thousand dollars. You will notice I have credited you with $38.73 received from Messrs Nyes to make them satisfied (which Mr Knights instucted me to do I had to allow them $52.00 damage by not receiving about 450 bbls casks which they had sold to arrive that sum together with the freight of $12.36 deducted from $103.09 the amt. of bill leaves $38.73 which they paid to me. I do not here of any transactions in sperm oil within 4 or 5 days past 110¢ is demanded for it. There is quite a brisk demand for handsome N.W. whale oil which is not to found here in any quantity. The stock here is about 4000 bbls nearly all of which is of an inferior quality. South Sea & dark. There are some small sales notwithstanding the quality is poor @ 36¢. 38¢ is asked for the best. The Barclay arrived at Westport yesterday with 450 bbls sperm oil. I shall draw on you today or tomorrow $4000.00 @ 60 d/d.
JAP by WP

January 1, 1849
Geo. F. Hussey Esq.
Dr Sir,
Your favor of 29 ultmo is recd with draft on S & Allen for $735 at 60 d/d sight which they have accepted and the same will appear to the credit of your bro. William A. Hussey in due course on a/c of collections for a/c of Jno A Parker & Son. Information was received something more than one year ago that he recd the $735 at the Sandwich Islands May 18th 1846. I shall make up an interest a/c or charge the current rate of exchange at the Sandwich Is. at the time the money was recd which I presume Capt Hussey will not object to paying as it was his duty to have remitted the money when recd or pay the interest @ least.
JAP by WP

January 3, 1848[sic]
Frederick Parker Esq.
Your favor of 2d is received the interesting contents of which I take due notice. In regard to my 1/3 of bark Mazeppa, I am willing you should sell her for the $4000 if you cannot obtain any more and you think it best but I cannot allow Mr Hillman a commission. The main part of the bargain (if made) has been negotiated between Mr Toole & myself with the adition of your assistance and I shall not consent to pay Mr Hillman a coms as the bargain can be completed without any trouble to him by your aid at least. I take notice of proposition to purchase sperm oil. I can only say that there is none to be bot here at less then 110¢ refilled, perhaps some lotts could be had @ 108¢ not filled but this is doubtfull. I have ascertained today that the in Warren of a little over 600 bbls (20,903 galls) can be had @ 108¢ taken as it was filled up the 20th of Decr & the payments to be made on the 20th inst with interest from date of purchase. I am told that the oil is handsome and of quality. I have recd no letters of late per Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co the Republic not yet sailed. There is no whale oil here of handsome quality except 400 bbls by Jones (Ohio cargo).
JAP pr WP

January 6, 1849
Respected Son
Your favors concerning the business of the bark Mazeppa you I suppose are all settled on Mr Hillman commission which I think he is not entitled to. I supposed he was doing out of good will to Mr Thatcher. If any thing is paid it should be a small brokerage. You are entitled to as much as he is or more. Settle as you think the ballance please to deposite in the Mechanics Bank to the credit of Jas B Congdon cashier of Merchants Bank & forward a receipt for the same. I have about thirty thousand dollars to pay this month & want all the money I can muster in haste. Mr Phillips will give you a/c of Mr Penimans purchases &c.
JAP
P.S. I shall go to Boston Monday will attend to your exchange.
JAP
Mr Penniman has purchased about 1100 bbls sperm oil 600 bbls of E M Robinson (Oceans cargo @ 110¢ refilled 370 bbls of Bartlett (Peri cargo @ 108¢ not refilled (200 J D Norton oil @ 108½¢ not filled. Mr Ricketson is purchasing whalebone largely @ 27¢ to 28¢.
WP

January 9th 1848 [sic]
Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentleman
Your favor of 30th ultimo with check on Suffolk Bank for four thousand dollars came to hand on the 1st instant and yours of 5 inst with check for two thousand dolls came to hand yesterday the 8th. I notice your remarks in relation to my manner of computing interest and as soon as the writer has a moments leisure he will look more carefully into the subject and write you in relation to it but now I cannot see the difference or why there should be any material difference in the ways of calculating interest. I think the diff will be found to grow out of the time instead of the interest about which we coresponded with your old firm some two or three years since. ?Sperm oil 110¢? Whale oil 37 to 40¢ according to quality. A ship arrived yesterday with 2400 bbls whale & 200 sperm oil.
JAP by WP

January 8, 1849
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
Gentlemen,
I had the pleasure to receive your esteemed favor of 15th ultimo per steamer “Europa” with a/c sales of 93 casks sperm oil ex “Alert” and your account current made up to Dec 31, 1848 balance in my favor of £1783:6: all of which I find correct and entirely satisfactory. At this time it is perfectly convenient for me to comply with your request in relation to the above balance, and I have accordingly made a draft in my own favor dated Jany 5th 1849, No 8, at one day after sight for the 1783.6. which you will please to honor.

Our stock of sperm oil is so very light and the price being now 110¢ per gallon here; I do not contemplate making any further shipments, at least untill there is a verry material change in these respects, but in the mean time I shall be pleased to receive, occasionally, your advices of the state of your market for our staple articles, such as sperm oil, whale oil, whalebone & spermaceti.
JAP
P.S. Since writing the above, I have made an alteration in drawing, by making one draft for £300 favor of I. M. Forbes no 8, and another in favor of myself for 1483:6, no 9 both at one day after sight.
Yours,
JAP

January 10, 1849
William Gray Esq.
Dear Sir
I here enclose you one thousand & twelve dollars which is infull for my subscription to Atlantic Cotton Mills. Please to send me your receipt accordingly.
check on Boston-----$977
Thayer check----------35
[total]--------------$1012
JAP

[n.d.]
Geo B Upton Esq.
Dr Sir
I here enclose J B Congdon check on Suffolk Bank for seven thousand three hundred fifty two dollars $7352 which you will please to send me your company note at eight months. If my calculation is not right I will make it so.
JAP

Jan 11, 1848 [sic]
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentts
Enclosed I send you bill lading for sperm oil shipped per schr Augusta. She has not yet sailed but is below the ice ready. It is very cold weather here but the river is not yet closed so that vessels go out this morning. I shall send forward the balc of whale oil except what Republic will take first opportunity.

Sperm oil can be bot here at 110¢ refilled. Whale oil has been sold here @ 40¢.
Holders of sperm oil
Jones-------------------about 1600
Bartlett-------------------------300
left from Morgans cargo--------800
C R Tucker---------------------200
Fairhaven----------------------780
Wesport------------------------800
Warren-------------------------700
[total]--------------------------5180 bbls
JAP by WP

January 15, 1849
James Mitchell Esq.
Sir
Above is my a/c of whale bone sold you last August which I expected you would pay for long ago. You will please to send me the amount or as much of it as you possibly can on receipt of this letter without further invitation. Bone is now about 30¢ or over.
JAP by WP

January 17, 1849
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Dear Sir,
I received your favor 13th with my note enclosed for $2500 canceled. I here enclose your note for $2500 which settles that matter as far as the notes concerns. Cotton I perceives goes ahead a little and then falls back again. I have nothing new only all well as usual.
JAP

January 17, 1849
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen
Annexed please find bill of whale oil purchased for your a/c Dec 21st 1848 of Chs R Tucker & Co amt to your debit $3493.44 as cash that day. This oil is nearly all on board sch Cornelia if any left it will go by the Ellen Rodman which vessel is here. The Cornelia has on board the sperm oil you bot of Bartlett & Son the balc of the lot bot of Robinson. She will sail first wind our harbor is now open. The Republic will commence loading your whale oil (about 700 bbls) tomorrow. I do not here of any sales of whale oil. 40¢ is demanded. There was considerable sperm oil sold last week @ 110¢ some to Crockers some to a Boston house to be manufactured here. All the C W Morgans cargo is sold half of all the William & Henry at Fairhaven & Jones has sold half of his say 800 left. I am told that the owners of ship Eagle & bark Russell are offered 110¢ for there oil.
JAP by WP

January 11, 1849
Ludlam & Lazenby
Dr Sirs
Your favor of 17th is received. I will enquire what premium is paid say 3 mo if sold before will there be a return premium. I think in 3 mo I shall sell it. Please to say what it has cost up to 22 & inform what the quarterly quality is when it is of a quality that manufacturingers will buy to make goods for printing No 30 to 40. I perceive poor quality cotton is in best demand in NY. I shall have aplenty of that quality. My calculation has been to sell to a manufactory here that prospect is up. Those that have looked or examined declined buying unless they select which I shall not permit. I am much disappointed in the cotton. I expected to have had purchased cotton that I could have sold to manufacturers making fine goods.
JAP

January 20, 1849
Mrs Almira B Hoskins
South Dartmouth
I received your letter of 15th inst. and agreeable to your request I send you my check for thirty dollars, which you can pass in South Dartmouth as money.
JAP pr WP

January 20, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 12th with check on Boston for two thousand dollars came to hand the 15th inst and yours of 18th with check for same amount I received this morning (20th) both amts to credit. I notice your remarks about remittences. I have two very large notes to pay before the month closes, about $14,000 on the 30th. It will be a favor if you will make your remittances this month as large as possible as I had figured to receive about $15,000 but I do not wish to urge you beyond your ability as you remark you shall do which will be satisfactory. Sperm oil continues in good demand @ 110¢. Crocker has purchased about 2000 bbls @ that price. The holders now ask a fraction more. Selection of the whale oil of recent arrivals sell @ 40¢.
JAP by WP

January 20, 1849
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
Your favor of 19th is received. I have credited your a/c with the bill tax on house 14th St $160.95 due 31st Decr and make my balance due that date conform to yours. The schooner Augusta with your sperm oil from Robinson was reported at Newport some days since. I should think she ought to be in New York now. The schooner Cornelia with the balc your sperm oil of Bartlett & C is now at anchor below & the Republic is loaded with balance whale oil. Both will sail first wind. As near as I can assertain Crocker has purchased about 2000 bbls sperm @ 110¢ some refilled & some not. I do not know of any oil being purchased for New York except what Seabury bot for Kingsland say the William & Henry cargo at Fairhaven and some at Westport. The demand continues good @ 110¢ but holders demand a trifle more. The Russells cargo it is. William R Rodman will ship to London leaving the Eagles cargo (Jireh Perry) which is said to be very handsome. Jones about 800 bbls Bartlett 300 and small lotts pr the last right whalers which is already partly sold @ 110¢. Selected NW Coast whale oil is selling @ 40¢ from last arrivals.

It is generally supposed here that sperm oil will advance a cent or two higher.
JAP by WP

January 20, 1849
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Dr Sirs
Your favor of 19th is received as it regards insurance on the cotton I will have it continued until sold on the best terms. You wrote me some time ago the cotton could be sold at a good profit. I perceive it has gone back ¼ of a cent. I expect in the spring there will be a permanent advance when things in France & on the continent get settled down quitely. Please to give me an a/c of the cost of 282 bales up to the present time. Nothing new here only a no of ships have arrived with good cargoes. Weather is cold. Our harbour is frozen over. A few days of moderate weather will clear it out.

PS Please to inform me when the next Bremen “Steamer” will leave New York.
JAP

January 20, 1849
Edmund Leslie Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor 18th is received contents duly noticed. Your father sold the brig “Gleanor” and her outfit I should think about the date of the due bill in May 1821. On 22d Jany 1822 it appears by my books we made a final settlement. Your father produced his a/c of sale of said brig &c and paid over to me one half the nett proceeds of said vessell & appertances as it appears by my book $5982.51. I have no recollection of ever seeing or hearing any thing of the due bill of which you send me a copy.
JAP

January 22, 1849
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Above you have invoice of the balc of whale oil purchased for your a/c December last amount to your debit $8232.87 due Decr 21, 1848, all of which is on board the Republic. There is now remaining on hand the wharf 9 casks of the whale oil (bot of Tucker as pr previous invoice) which the Ellen Rodman could not take. Taber & Co say it shall go by their next vessell they agree to deliver at your wharf. I hear of nothing new in the oil market this morning. Enclosed is bill lading 10 cask whale oil pr Ellen Rodman from the Tucker oil to be landed at your whfg. The schooners Cornelia & Ellen Rodman & the sloop Republic all sailed for New York yesterday forenoon & I trust will reach you by the time this letter does.
JAP by WP

January 24, 1849
Messrs Ogden & Jones
Dear Sirs
Your favor 14th ultimo is received the contents duly noticed. The lots in your village or Carpenters Village is I suppose the same thing. I have infered from the information I have received from the rapid growth of your city that my lots would come in play shortly at a good price. I am glad to find your city government have adopted an improvement which reaches my lots which improvement I pay very cheerfully. I like to be informed what my deferent lots will sell for & what the prospect of further improvement. I suppose when the railroad is open to the lake it will facilitate business from your city. As to the other lands I shall not put them into the market at present. At the same time I like to be informed of the state of the market &c. The two drfts you speak of say $165 16/100 & $50 have been presented & paid. Last May I made an attempt to visit your city & the country round about in May last. I got on very well to the end of the L Road at Kalamazoo. There I took stage went on a few miles and found the road so intolable bad that it was not worth while for me to risk my life over such a road. I shall not be likely to make the attempt to visit your country again.
JAP

January 27, 1849
Respected Son,
Your favor 26th is received contents noticed. As to whale bone Ricketson offers me 30¢ which I have not excepted thinking much as you do it is speculation. I think the speculators have got such hold of it they will not let it go down. Therefore it leaves the chance in favor of an advance. So I will wait for the arrival of the next steamer. As to cotton I shall hold for the present. Several ships have arrived with good cargoes. Some trifeling sales of whale oil sold @ 40¢. No sales of sperm as I have heard of out of the recent arrivals understand they will not sell @ 110¢. Mr Bartlett has sold the Warren oil @ 110¢ refilled which they are now doing 1/3 cash 4, 5, 6 mo interest added for ballance (for Judd’s Sons). All the ships together with all the smart young men in the place are bound to California. If my house will sell at a good price you may sell.
JAP

January 29, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
I duly received your favor of 24th inst with check on Suffolk Bank for five thousand dollars on the 26th inst and this day I have received your favor of 26th with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank for five thousand dollars all to your credit for which I am very much accommodated and obliged the remittences having reached me in very good time. I do not hear of any sales of sperm oil since I last wrote you except a lott of about 700 bbls in Warren sold by Bartlett & Son to Judd’s Sons & Co @ 110¢. 112½ is the asking price for what there is remaining here. The owners of the “Cortes” hav sold the whole cargo whale oil on private terms said to be 36½ or 37¢ oil not uniformily handsome. Selected NW in small lotts brings 40¢.
JAP by WP

February 1, 1849
Messrs H & R Lippitt
Gentleman
Yours of 29th ultimo is recd. I am obliged to you for the information therin contained & hope to hear of a further improvement in print cloths soon. You will please to deliver to the order of William F. Dow 20 bales of the cloth in your possesion viz bales #117 to 130 inclusive bales #139 to 144 inclusive say 15,916 yds and oblige yours &c
JAP by WP

February 2, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentleman
Your favor of 31st is received with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars which is to your credit this day. I hardly know how to answer your enquirey respecting the effect of the “California” fever” on the oil market.” The only immediate effect will be that owners and importers that are able will stow away their oil for higher rates next fall & winter when the effect of so many ships being taken from the service will begin to have its effect upon the quantity & price of oils and much more the year following. At present the price of oils does not appear to be much effected by it as sperm oil can now be purchased @ 110¢ & whale I presume at 38 or 39 pr selected. A few months hence may show something from which something definate can be calculated upon.
JAP by WP

February 6, 1849
Lemuel Goddard Esq.
London
Dear Sir
Your esteemed favors of 29th Decr and 12th January came duly to hand the former with a/c sales of sperm oil ex “Mary Ann” and your account current showing a balance in my favor of £708.13.10d due 20th January ’49 all of which I find correct & satisfactory. Yesterday I made a draft upon you at 60 d/s sight payable to my own order for £715 which you will please to honor and charge to my a/c and you may if you please at the maturity of this drft make up my a/c and place the little difference whichever way it may be to a/c of my son Frederick Parker. The present high rates of sperm oil in this country in my opinion will not warrant shipments to your market but if in the course of the coming season it should recede to the price you mention 85 or 90¢ I shall no doubt make another trial of your market and shall consign to your address; your information in relation to the state of the English market for our staple articles will be very acceptable.

It is a pleasure to notice that my sons drfts on account of the purchase of 250 tuns sperm oil in Decr last have been duly honored and also to notice the prospect of further orders being sent to him in the course of this year.
JAP

February 6, 1849
Messrs C. A Heineken & Co
Gentleman
Since my last respects of the 28th Decr I have received your several favors of 14th & 23d December and 8th January, the latter containing your a/c current to Jany 1 ’49 showing a balance in my favor of rix 1889.70 gr which has been examined and found correct & entered accordingly; I notice that you have disposed of the whale bone ex Trident @ rix 38 pr 100 lb which is considerable lower than I expected it would sell for tho I have no doubt you obtained the highest market price at the time, and having my instructions to sell, of course I have no fault to find with any one, and only regret that you had not been permitted to sell the same soon after it arrived; the present price of bone here is 30¢ it has been sold as high as 32 to 33¢. When your a/c sales come to hand, so that I can calculate about the amount, I shall avail myself of your permission to draw on Messrs F. Huth & Co London for about the balance due me; I have collected your drft on Booth Baker & Bradish Boston for $7.53¢ to your credit this day. The last news from the N.W. whaling fleet is mostly in, and we can now make some calculations upon the quantity to arrive in 1849. Our best judges find that notwithstanding the ships have averaged a little more than last year, the importation will fall short of 1848 about 65 or 70,000 bbls, say for 1849 to arrive in the U States during the year 220 or 225,000 bbls in all: This fall short is in consequence of the smaller no of ships in the right whaling business. It is expected that the prices will keep up during the spring & summer, there being so many ships taken out of the business and sent to California, and the prospect of improvement in business on both sides of the Atlantic, will induce those that are able to hold on to the oil that may arrive this spring for the fall market. Sperm oil is now worth 110¢ pr gallon. I have sold all of my stock and have none of any description on hand. Enclosed I send you a letter from E S Jenney in relation to Mr. J. Davis’s share in your ship A. Heineken to which you will please give your attention as I understand Mr Davis is very feeble and if any is due him he should have it. I thought proper to send you a shipping list by the steamer as it contains considerable news and among the rest I am sorry to notice the death of Capt Fish of your ship Alexander Barclay.
JAP
P.S. Jane Colby and Ann Dow are making some preperation to visit you in the spring. I think myself it is doubtfull. Ann is not well, appears her head & eyes are disosed. My family are all enjoying generally good health. Your Aunt Mary’s son Zebdial is confined to his house for some months past with the heart complaint is not likely to be any better. Franklin Fish has been confined to his room for 2 mos. he is getting better and likely to recover therefore there is no prospect of her visiting Europe. I should be glad to here that you are preparing to leave Bremen for a permanent settlement in America.
JAP

February 7, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen
Your favor of 5th is received the contents noticed. It would be more agreeable to draw to meet times due. As for the satement I can if more conveinent to lengthen them out the time to put the nearest drfts into fore part May & will draw in bill $4000. I have made arrangements to draw 1 drft $4000 which will become due on 4th. From that time I shall want to draw once a week or 10 days @ 3 mo. You have been informed by Mr Bartlett he has a vessel taking on the oil at Warren. The sperm oil is all sold except George Howland what he holds and 700 bbls Jonathan Bourne holds. Those two ships lately arrived. Whale oil nothing doing. I understand all the late sales of sperm are 1.10 on long time.
JAP
P.S. The drft on J Dunbar & Co for $457.93 has been excepted and is to your credit in due course.

February 9, 1849
Messrs Murphy & Baxter
Gentlemen
I have received your favor of Jany 27th in reference to the sale of a part of my land in Williams Co. Ohio. In reply I have only to say that my agents Messrs Ogden & Jones of Chicago answered you correctly in replying to you that I would not sell the lotts specified @ 4$ per acre. That price may as far as I know be the full value of lands in that section compared with sales by others but as I have held them so long and having quiet possession with prompt agents to settle the yearly taxes I prefer to hold them still longer unless the Germans of whom you speak will pay five dollars per acre for the lotts you name say S. W. ¼ & E ½ of S.E. ¼ of section 31 all in township 9 south of range 1 west. Payments 1% cash & the balance in 4 equal payments with anual int. and in all cases to be fully responsible persons or no sale. If the above price of 5$ per acre can be obtained you are at liberty to close the sale on the conditions before named.
JAP

February 12, 1849
Messrs Hill Bent & Paige
Toledo
Gent.
I wrote you on the 24th of August last that Judge Prescott & John Williams Esq. would impower you gentlemen to prosecute & inforce our claim for the land which has been taken away from us wrongfully. I have received no answer from you on the subject, neither have the other gentlemen heard from you. Please to be so good as to write me by return mail. The last year is closed. We should like to have an a/c made up to the end of the year.
JAP

February 12, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your favor of 8th with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand on Saturday the 10th & the same is to your credit under that date. I have looked over the last a/c send you and do not find that it makes any difference in computing int @ 6% & then add one sixth to make 7% or casting @ 7% in the first place but I am well aware that there is a difference in the result between my manner of computing time & interest tables now extant. It has been the uniform practice in this counting house for the last twenty years in preparing an a/c for interest to count up all the days from the time the amt of Dr or Cr was due to the time the a/c is intended to be closed & placing the days in the time column proceed to cast the int for that no of days on the principal that 60 days is 1% when the rate is 6 pr cent. This method will give about 1/72 more in favor of the creditor than the int tables which are all figured on the basis of 360 days to the year instead of 365 days. As for instance the first charge in my a/c with you is the old balance--$51,224.97 due July 31. From July 31 to Dec 31st is 153 days & the int for 153 days @ 7% is $1523.95. The int tables would call the 153 days only equal to 150 days or 5 mos. $1494.07. Diff $29.88.

I do not pretend to assert that all other merchants here figure interest & time as we have done as before observed for the last 20 years and with every person let the balance of a/c be against or for me. It has been done the same with Samuel Judd’s Sons Co. yourselves and all others and it never has been objected to before yourselves and I feel a little reluctant about abandoning the rule as it is my doctrine that a person is entitled to int for every day his funds are used and have always so kept my a/cs. However I had rather credit you with the difference in last a/c of about $43 than you should feel that I was crowding you to hard or that this diff did not properly belong to me under all the circumstances. I have nothing new to communicate respecting the oil market have not heard of any sale of sperm since the sale of the whole of ship Eagles cargo @ 110¢ about a week ago. Small sales of N.W. whale oil @ 38 or 39 & 40 for selected. The demand is very limited and it is my impression that holders will soon have to submit to lower rates.
JAP pr WP

February 16, 1849
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gent.
Your favor’s of 23d is received also your favor of 13th enclosing my note for $2500—cancelled. I here enclose your note of same amt. & date, cancelled. I enclose you a letter to be forwarded to Bremen, by the “Herman.” I am glad to hear there is some movement in cotton, it will be a hard bargain in the cotton business. I may get out without loss on the cotton in New York, that which I have here I must loose money on it. However it looks better than it did 6 months ago.
JAP

February 17, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co.
Gentlemen,
Since my last respects of the 6th inst I have received your favor of 23d ultimo with a/c sales of whale bone ex Trident nett proceeds due May 9th 49 rix 4027:67 gr which I have examined and entered accordingly. I remarked in my last that when the above a/c sales were recd I should draw on Messrs Frederick Huth & Co for the amount including the balc due me the first of January but as exchange has fallen I shall defer doing so for the present. Whale oil is selling to manufacturers @ 38¢ to 39 or 40¢ per gallon according to quality. Shipping qualities 35 or 35½ ¢ and I suppose this description will continue to decline as ships arrive in March & April probably some 3 or 4¢ lower. It is beleived by some that 31¢ will be the price for whale oil the present season and by others that it will not be so low. Sperm oil 109¢ or 110¢ stock smaller. Bone 30¢ dull again.
JAP

February 17, 1849
Respected Son,
I here merely add a few lines to inform you the health of the family. Nothing in particular has taken place since my last of 6th inst. by the steamer Niagara. We are all enjoying the same good health. Your Aunt Mary is much afflicted with sickness in her family. Mary Fish has been sick for more than a year. Franklin Fish has been sick with the seated fever more than two months confined to his bed he is now mending slowly & we think he will get up again. Zebedial Bradford has been feeble for many years past but has been able to preach most of this time until about four months past he has been failing ever since he has been troubled with the heart complaint is now confined to his room with many complaints his feet & legs are swelling up hard & the dropsy is setting in and we do not expect he will be any better. Your Aunt Mary is with him & she will not leave him as long as he survives. Jane & Ann are making a faint preparation to visit Bremen. They are waiting in hopes to here you will soon come over and take up your permanent residence in America. There has been one death in the family which had slipd my mind. J. A. P. Allen lost a fine smart boy 5 years old about two weeks ago also your Aunt Lucy died about six weeks ago. George Bourne lost 2 mo ago two fine boys with the croup.
I remain Yours,
JAP

[The following letter duplicates the one dated February 16.]
February 17, 1849
Ludlam & Lazenby
Gentts,
Your favor of 23d is received also your favor of 13th enclosing my note for $2500 cancled. I here enclose you your note canceld for the same amount & date. I here enclosed you a letter to be forwarded to Bremen by the Herman. I am glad to here there is some movement in cotton. It will be a hard bargain in the cotton business. I may get out without loss on the cotton in New York. Here I must lose money on it however it looks better than it did six mo ago.
JAP

February 20, 1849
Mr. Herman L. Guild
Sir
Your favor of 19th inst is received making enquirey about my cotton mill in Plympton. My present contract with Chandler & Dean to run the mill by the yard ends the 1st of April next and it is my purpose to make a new contract with them or some one provided I can do so on satisfactory terms to run the mill another year and I should like to know your lowest terms to run said mill by the yard (provided you can give me good references as to ability character and means to purchase the labor on stock at the time &c &c. The goods I now have made are 28 in wide No 30 & 32 yarn 60 thread warp & 64 to 66 threads filling to the inch. Cloth must be made equal to any cloth of same discription offered in market well trimmed & packed in bales of 25 peices each. I beleive deliver the raw cotton at the mill receive the goods at the factory store ready for market. All the machinery to be kept in good order by the person contracting to run the mill, except the wheel main shaft & drum. The contractor having the use of the houses. Payments made once a quarter or 3 mos. All imperfect goods are to be taken by the contractor at the market price for first rate goods. I should like to know your lowest terms pr yard to manufacture goods as above stated for one year from the first of April next and when you inform me please state your refferences as to your ability to perform your engagements. Mr. Starkweather of Pawtucket I am well acquainted with and whatever he would say would be satisfactory to me. When writing please state the lowest percentage of waste for difference between the weight of cotton delivered & the cloth received. I presume that you have some knowledge of the mill machinery. If not you could go and examine for yourself and be better prepared to make your terms which must be very favorable or it will not be of any use. It will not be conveinent for me to meet you there.
JAP
PS. I shall be at home until Friday next.
JAP

February 22, 1849
Jared Coffin Esq.
Dr Sir,
I have made up my mind to visit Washington on 4th March. I understand you may have a grate crowd on the occasion. I entend to leave here Saturday eve. Stop in New York Monday and may stop a day at either Philadelphia or Baltimore. So as to arrive at Washington Wednesday eve. or Thursday morn. I must rely on you for to procure for my self and Betsey Coffin quarters as good as you can get. If there is any pinch about quarters will you confer with Doctor Lindsey who is a relative of Mr Colby who has writen to the doctor on the subject.
JAP

February 23, 1849
Messrs Chandler & Dean
Gentts
Yours of yesterday is received & I have sent up to the depot 6 bales cotton as directed which you will send for to the Middleboro depot Saturday afternoon or Monday morn.
JAP by WP

February 26, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 16th with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came safely to hand on the 19th inst and yours of 23d with check for same amt, I recd this day.

Our oil market is in a very quiet state, the sperm oil having been all sold on private terms (that is all in New Bedford). There is about 3000 bbls in Westport, Warren & other places. Whale oil sells in small lotts to manufacturers at from 34½ to 38¢ according to quality. There is but very little nice whale oil here.
JAP pr WP

February 27, 1849
Thomas Mickell Jr
Dear Sir
The time has arrived when it becomes necessary that I should know who is going master of the Young Phenix. I expected you up last week or I should have written you before on the subject. I have assertained that Mr Tompkins will not probably go your mate provided you should think proper to take the ship. His objections are on a/c your health. He thinks you ought not to undertake so long a voyage at present or at least untill you have had time to drive off your old complaints—and as I do not want to loose Mr. Tompkins I think of giving him the ship and whenever you feel enclined to go again provide you with some other. The writer expects to be in Boston on Thursday or Friday and will talk with you upon the subject, unless you will come up here immediately on receipt of this which he would much prefer. Mr. T. has the offer of other ships & I fear I shall loose him.
JAP pr WP

March 5, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co.
Gentlemen
Referring to the annexed duplicate of my respects of the 17th ultimo, I have now to advise that I found it conveinent to use the balc due me remaining in your hands and accordingly I drew under date of 26 Feby on Frederick Huth & Co London for £950 @ 60 d/s on your account and advised them that you would remit for the amount on my a/c which you will please to do. I have nothing new to communicate. We have no arrivals since the early part of January and have no late news from the Sandwich Islands respecting the whaling fleet but expect news every hour. Whatever news I can gather from your ships will advise first steamer. Prices of oil remain about the same. Whale oil rather declining. No sperm oil in this market in importers hands for sale.
JAP pr WP
PS. The Hon J. A. Parker & Mrs Coffin left for Washington to be present at the inauguration of President Taylor last Monday. They are expected back about the 12th. Mrs. J.A.P. is now at Providence her son Shadrack is more comfortable but not really much better.
WP

March 5, 1849
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
Gentlemen,
Your esteemed favors of 12th & 26th January came duly to hand. I feel greatly obliged for the prompt manner in which your honored my drfts and also for the friendly remarks and valuable information therein contained. Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co having desired me to draw on you for a small balance in their hands, I accordingly made a draft upon yourselves for £950 @ 60 d/sight dated 26th Feby at Boston which draft you will please to honor and charge to a/c of the above named friends, having advised them accordingly; Our sperm oil market is now entirely bare of the article in importers hands. We are however expecting arrivals daily last sales @ 108¢ or 110¢ pr gallon.
JAP by WP

March 5, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Your of March 1st with check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars came to hand the 3d inst and the same is to your credit. Our market for sperm oil is entirly bare, it having been taken by manufacturers at prices not transpired, probably 107 or 108¢. The Oregon of Fairhaven is hourly expected. I think prices will be kept up to 105 or thereabouts. Whale oil, there is none of prime quality here, the last sales of selected were at 37 to 38¢. Inferior 34 to 37¢. I think whale oil will decline as ships begin to arrive.
Yours,
JAP pr WP

March 5, 1849
Mrs Mary A. McCleave,
Your favor of Feby 26th came duly to hand. Yours of Jany was probably mislaid. As I am not flush of money at this time, I send you $50. I hope that sum will answer for a short time. The news from the Phenix at the Sandwich Islands is rather discouraging.
JAP pr WP

March 15, 1849
Nahum Stetson Esq.
Dear Sir,
Yours of 8th with blank certificates came to hand in due course. Having been about to attend the inauguration of President Taylor at Washington I could not return them before.
JAP pr WP

March 15, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
On referring to my books, I find that the average time on which the payments for the sperm oil sold you last Decr and the purchases of whale oil made for you at that time (giving you the benefit of all the cr I obtained) is April 22d 1849, from which I make the following calculations, viz.
Amt. now standing to your debit on my books is--------------$77,372.16
Less all credit which falls due previous to Apl 22d '49-----------25,968.95
[total]----------------------------------------------------------$51,463.21
on which I charge 7% from Apl 22d & 6% before that time.
The remaining credits on my books, due after Apl 22d on which I allow 7% are:
1 drft due May 4th ’49-----------------------------------------$4,000
1 drift due May 13 ’49------------------------------------------4,000
1 drift due May 23 ’49------------------------------------------4,000
1 drift due June 5 ’49-------------------------------------------4,000
J. Dunbar & Co note Augt6 ’49---------------------------------457.93
[total]-------------------------------------------------------$16,457.93
Balc.--------------------------------------------------------35,005.28
I do not hear of any transactions in sperm oil since the purchases made by you. Small sales of whale oil continue to be made here @ 34½ to 36¢ according to quality. The is none here that is anything like first rate (except some landing). JAP pr WP

March 16, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Dear Sirs,
Messrs Dunbar & Co have shown me your receipt for $3000, the amount they borrowed of you. Will you be so good as to make up there a/c in this transaction just as if I had no hand in the matter. It were a transaction for there accommodation all together; they expect to pay what ever you charge for a transaction & use of the money for the time, you may put it in to my a/c or send it to them. I have not received the sale of bill exchange.
JAP

March 16, 1849
Thomas J. Coggeshall, Esq.
Sir,
Your favor of 15th enclosing 2 notes or drfts on Fulton & Reymond for discount which I cannot do. I should feel pleased to accomodate you, as soon as any man. Our bank does little or nothing. I have a use for all the money I have.
JAP

March 19, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 8th inst with Washburn & Co drft on Willis & Co Boston for three thousand dollars came to hand the 10th inst and I am this morning in receipt of your favor of 16th with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars both of which is to your credit under the dates of receipt. Since I wrote you last our sperm oil market has been entirely bare up to within a few days. Some has been landed from the Oregon of Fairhaven & the Caroline & Euphrates of New Bedford. I understand this morning that all the sperm by the two latter ships has been sold & a part of the Oregon’s also @ 106¢ pr gallon. I can purchase this day handsome N.W. whale oil @ 37¢ per gallon selected from Caroline’s cargo. It is fair to presume that the price will decline one or two cents as soon as a few more cargoes arrive.
JAP by WP

March 24, 1849 [misdated or out of order]
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 19 instant with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand yesterday. I have made enquirey and ascertain that the “Henry Gibbs” Capt Gibbs will take on board oil for Albany on Monday next and accordingly I have purchased about 300 bbls N. W whale oil in Fairhaven @ 36¢ per gallon a few casks of ground tier white but not quiet sweet. It was the only lott that could be bot that would any ways answer. There was none this side of the river. More must arrive before any firstrate oil can be obtained. Sperm oil is scarce here. The last sales were from the Oregon’s cargo @ 106¢. I expect that all that can be had of that cargo will be sold at that price to day.
JAP by WP

March 19, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 16th is received contents noticed. I have credited your a/c with $75 due 9th Feby and $140.14 due 10th Feby paid on a/c of house 14th Street and enclosed I send you a copy of my a/c with you as my books now stand which I think you will find correct. The small lotts of sperm oil recently arrived here have been sold @ 106¢. I also understand that about half of the Oregon’s cargo is sold at the same price. The N. W whale oil pr “Caroline” is said to be handsome. The agent asks 37¢ pr gallon for a selection. It is expected to be lower when a few more ships arrive.
JAP by WP

March 19, 1849
Messrs A & A. Laurence,
Boston}
Gentlemen
The bearer Mr William F. Dow, informs me that in the prosecution of his business here, he finds it convenient, occasionally, to purchase goods of you on a credit.

I take this oppertunity to inform you that I consider him trustworthy and I will guarantee the payment of all the goods he may purchase of you for the next six months to come, dating from the first day of April next.
JAP

To
Messrs J. W. Paige & Co
Boston}
Wrote the same words as above
JAP
To Messrs Read & Chadwick
Boston}
Wrote the same words as above,
JAP
To Messrs Denny Rice & Gardner,
Boston}
Wrote the same words as above
JAP

March 19, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen
I have received your favor of 17th with the enclosers which is correct. I send you a check for $152.71 which is the balc due you.
JAP

March 19, 1849
Jared Coffin
Dr Sir,
I here enclose J. B Congdon check for fifty dollars on Suffolk Bank which is the amt I borrowed of you which I am much obliged for the use of the same. We arrived home safe and as well as when we started. I hope you got home as well as ourselves.
JAP

March 20, 1849
Thomas Mickell Jr.
Sir,
Yours of 17th came duly to hand. We are much obliged for the information about Mr Armstrong. He has been here and has agreed to go mate of the Young Phenix with Tompkins. I like his appearance and have no doubt he is a very smart man and has very good qualities for a whaleman. Enclosed I send you on a/c of Mr. Parker two hundred dollars as directed. It was not conveinent to do so yesterday.
WP

March 20, 1849
Lewis L. Hodges Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your favor of 16th is received the contents noticed. As to the lot of land you alude to, I am entirely ignorant of the value there of. You will please accertain what he will pay and on what credit he wishes. I should require payment at least ¼ part down the ballance I would give a reasonable cr. Should not mind much about the time if the payment is made secure.
JAP

March 22, 1849
Mr Whitredge,
Sir,
Your favor of 13th is before me. You will please purchase & ship with out delay 300 bbls best Howard flour and ship the same by a good vessell and if it should get down to 4½ buy 200 bbls more. Also send one or two hundred bushels of corn.
JAP

March 24, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Your favor 23d is received contents duly noticed. I accept of your proposition to extend the payments of balc due me to Augt & Sept next and shall draw on you accordingly as I may have occasion. One half falling due on each of the above named months.

If you have any particular days in the months on which you prefer to have the drfts to fall due I will endeavor to accommodate. Otherwise I shall draw to fall due in the first part of the months. I also accept your proposition to make up my next a/c in July @ 7% annual int commencing from the last settlement Dec 31 ’48.

Mr Leonard has purchased 2000 bbls or more of whale oil @ 36¢ so reported and other sales have been made at the same price. The stock of handsome N.W. whale oil is now reduced so low that it is hard work to find 300 bbls suitable to fill an order I recd yesterday from our Albany friends. After this day there will be but very little handsome sweet oil in market until more ships arrive. Some of the owners of the Oregon has made sales of their share of sperm oil @ 106¢. It was very handsome. Some other owners will probably sell to the amount of 100 or 300 bbls @ 106¢ and some of them ask 110¢ pr gallon.
JAP by WP
P.S. I may wish to draw on you to pay some small bills in New York say $1000 or not exceeding $1500 @ sight.
JAP

March 27, 1849
Mrs. Almira B. Haskins,
Yours of 26th is received, & according to your request I send you thirty dollars on a/c of your husband, for which you will forward your receipt when you next write.
JAP pr WP

March 27, 1849
Mrs. Abby T. Hoeg
Yours of the 20th inst is received requesting me to send you one hundred dollars on a/c of your husband. From the conversation with your husband previous to his sailing I did not expect to be calld upon to advance much if any money during his absence. As I understand the matter it was only in case of sickness that I was to advance any money to you. I have already advanced thirty five dollars to you over & above the share of oil sent home. And I now send you a drft at sight on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co for fifty dollars which I hope will answer your purpose.
Yours,
JAP
P.s. Since writing the above I have recd a letter from Capt McCleave dated Honolulu Nov 6th. All in good health bound down on the line. And Japan Sea wright whaling.
the Same

March 28, 1849
Messrs H & R. Lippitt
Gentlemen
Please deliver to the order of Mr William F. Dow 20 bales of print cloths from the lott consigned to you in Jany 1848 viz Bale #116 800 yds
Bale #116-----------------------------------800 yds
Bale #145 to 163-----------------------15097 yds
[total]-------------------------------------15,897 yds
& oblige
JAP pr WP

March 31, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Annexed please find invoice of N.W whale oil pr Henry Gibbs, which vessel did not sail until this morning in consequence of the stormy weather during the whole of the week. Your favor of 29th is this moment received with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars which is to your credit. I take notice of your request about sperm & whale oil. The only lotts of eather kind is in Fairhaven. For the sperm 107¢ is demanded & whale 37¢ the same lott from which I purchased the last whale as there is vessels here ready to receive it on board. I shall go over to Fairhaven this afternoon & if possible to purchase reasonably I shall do so advising thereof on Monday or Tuesday.
JAP
Remittance recd
only $12,000 in Feby
only $9,000 in March
for the purchase of oil I have to pay cash
(the same)

April 2, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co.
Gentlemen,
Since my last respects pr annexed duplicate which I now confirm I have not had the pleasure to receive any of your favors. The present is to advise you that I accepted on the 28th ultimo S. Bremmerhof draft on me for thirty hundred twenty eight 67/100 dollars @ 15 days sight on your a/c, dated Honolulu Nov 8th 1848. I received no letter of advice but as there was a bill lading of oil on board ship Alexander Barclay attached to drft I thought it would not do to defer acceptance. I do not know how much oil she had or where the ship was bound the drft came by a merchant brig arrived at Boston. As money is rather close here at this time and supposing it would suit you quite as well, I have made a drft on our mutual friends Frederick Huth & Co. of London for £600 @ 30 d/s on your a/c the proceeds of which I shall place to your credit against the above acceptance, which I shall pay on the 15th inst. But few arrivals since my last. Whale oil continues high poorest 34 to 35 selected white 36 to 37¢ sperm 107¢ bone 31.
P.S. Since writing the foregoing I have concluded not to draw until the next steamer sails as exchange is dull. I expect it will be higher the week after. Jane Colby & Jenner C. Ann Dow & L Lathrop entend going out to your place in the Hermann of 20th next mo.
JAP

April 3, 1849
Jacob F. Chandler
Sir
Since Mr Phillips returned he has informed me about the saw mill and I have concluded to have some repairs done to the mill about what you and Mr Phillips talked about say the let off from the gate under the wheel which has rotted away and the saw you will understand what is wanted. And you may proceed at once to obtain the stuff for the purpose & when ready you can call on the millwright to do the work the sooner the better.

You may inform Mr. C. Parker that I have requested you to do it
&c.
JAP by WP
P.S. When you come to N. Bedford we will talk about shingling the roff of the factory.
the same
[may refer to Parker, Washburn & Co. sawmill at Plympton.]

April 4, 1849
Mr. Silas Alden
Sir
I wrote you by yesterdays mail I should send you by this days mail James B Congdon cashier check on Suffolk Bank for twenty five hundred dollars which I here enclose, please as soon as received acknowledge the receipt of the same.
JAP

April 4, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Annexed you will find invoice of sperm & whale oil on board sloop Republic ready to sail the first wind: please credit accordingly if found correct. Since Saturday a no. of ships have arrived and are now landing their cargoes the owners demand 38¢ for handsome NW whale oil but I think they will sell for less in the course of a few days. Sperm is held @ 107¢. I shall defer purchasing the balc of 1000 bbls of whale until I hear from you again.
JAP by WP

April 4, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Dr Sirs
I have heard nothing from the note of $898.27 due April 1st nor any thing about a dividen of the Philadelphia Washington & Baltimore Railroad. Is their a divden on stock in Housatonic Railroad. What is exchange or what it will be by the next steamer. What is to become of Rochester and Auburn Railroad.
JAP

April 6, 1849
Messrs Grinnell Minturn & Co
New York}
Gentlemen,
The bearer Mr Asa T. Lawton of the firm of Joseph Dunbar & Co of this city being about to proceed to San Francisco and other ports on the Pacific Ocean Coast as occasion may require for the purpose of attending to the intent of his own firm as well as my interest in ships bound to San Francisco and the whaling ships already cruising in the Pacific Ocean I have thought it advisable that he should have letters to some respectable merchant at those ports being thereby better prepared to transact his business to open a correspondence relative to the same at different ports. You will therefore confer a particular favor by giving Mr. Lawton letters of introduction to such of your correspondents at ports on the Pacific Ocean as you may think proper and much oblige
JAP

April 6, 1849
Mr. Orrin Simmons,
Sir,
Please pay the above bill to the bearer Asa T. Lawton Esq. (who is duly authorized to collect the same) and his receipt shall be in full of all demand.
JAP
Copy of a/c
Orrin Simmons
To Jonathan A. Parker & Co.
1835
Jany 16 For 10 bales unbleached sheeting
All on board schr Clarion:
7011¼ yards @ 10¢}----------------------------------------$701.13
1849
April 16th
14 years & 3 months int on the same----------------------599.50
[total]---------------------------------------------------------$1300.63
(Sent by Asa F. Lawton for collection)

April 7, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast,
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 5th with check on Suffolk Bank for five thousand dollars came to hand this day and the amt. is your credit.

The sloop Republic sailed early yesterday morning; hope the “Henry Gibbs” has arrived ere this time. The price of handsome N.W. whale oil now is 36¢ and I awate your reply to my last, before purchasing. I do not hear of any sales of sperm oil since my last.

You will please send me by the Republic a half bbl of the same kind of crackers you have heretofore sent me.
JAP pr WP

April 3, 1849
Mr Silas Alden
Sir
I shall enclose you tomorrow as check on Suffolk Bank (J. B. Congdon cashier) for twenty five hundred dollars which I shall want Mary Howland note of this date on demand with interest. I shall direct this remittance same as this letter to you Worcester. I send this letter to give you notice where to find the letter with check.
JAP

April 10, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro
Gentlemen
What will exchange sell for by the next steamer. How is the state of the money market. What can such paper as you have sent me heretofore be had for.
JAP
Above is receipt for dividend Housatonic Railroad

April 13, 1849
Messrs Ball Tompkins & Black
Gentts,
Your favor of 12th is received. Your box of silver ware were received by the express yesterday I find one piece lacking. The setts of silver heretofore bot of your house all have been uniform with four pieces, except the last sett that had five pieces. I now wish another teapot a size larger then the one sent which you will send forward as soon as possible for I cant present it untill I have a full sett. According to the old standard this tea or coffee pot now lacking weighs 3 lbs & 2 oz.
JAP

April 14, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 10th inst with check for $400 dividend Housatonic Railroad came duly to hand. Enclosed I send you my drft on Frederick Huth & Co London for £600 @ 30 days sight which I wish you to sell previous to the departure of the steamer on the best terms you can for cash down or within a very few days and advize the amt &c.
JAP by WP

April 14, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of April 12 with check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars came to hand this morning. There appears to be a better feeling in regards to whale oil of best quality which is rather scarce in the cargoes just landing and I have this day purchased 300 bbls selected sweet N. W. oil @ 35½¢ which was the very best that could be done. There has been sales, from the same cargo, @ 36 to 36½¢ in small lotts on time. I shall hold the oil for the “Republic” until the 20th inst. Sperm oil sold at Mattapoisett @ 102¢. That at Mystic sold @ firm 101 to 102¼¢. This article is not much inquired after at any point above those prices. (Saratoga not yet arrived.)
JAP by WP

April 16, 1849
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
Gentlemen,
Since my last respects of the 5th March I have received your esteemed favor of 23 Feby & 23d March, the latter advising me of your acceptance of my drft for £950 on a/c of Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co. and that said drft exceeded about £310, the amount said friends had established with you in my favor.

I am obliged to you for the prompt protection of said drft and have no doubt that Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co have ere this made the amount good. If not I will immediately provide for the same in any manner you may please to direct.

I have now to inform you that I have again drawn on you under date of 14th inst for £600 @ 30 d/sight on a/c of the same friends of which I advised them per steamer of 4 inst as also by letter this day. Please protect the same and much oblige
JAP

April 16, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gentts
Confirming the contents of my respects of 2d inst pr annexed duplicate, I have now the pleasure to acknowledge receipt of your favor of 19th March for “Hermann” and take particular notice of your remarks about whale oil and should the price decline here to 32¢ pr average cargo I shall have no objections to join you in the purchase of a cargo at a low freight; but at present I do not see any prospect of its declining to that point. A cargo could not now be obtained at over 34¢. The largest portion of the cargos already arrived has been disposed of to manufacturers at join 35½ to 38¢ pr gallon. Under date of 14 inst I drew on Messrs Frederick Huth & Co for £600 @ 30 d/sight (as advised in my former letter) on your a/c the of which you will please to provide for in due time. My former drft of £950 on F. Huth & Co I calculated would about cover the balance due me. By letter from said friends dated 23d inst I am informed that you had not established an a/c in their hands in my favor sufficient to cover said drft by which about £310. I trust however that you have done so before this time, as requested in my letter of 5th March.

I shall pay your small drft in favor of J. Davis on presentation, the letter to Jenny was forwarded this day.
JAP
P.S. My family is preparing for Bremen, by the Hermann on the 20th inst say Ann Dow, Sarah Dow, Thomas Dow, Jane Colby, Averick Colby, & little Jenny. They will leave here on Wednesday for New York to embark on board the Hermann, which sails on Friday the 20th. I hope they will have a safe and pleasant voyage.
Yours
JAP

April 18, 1849
Respected Son,
Your favor of 16th is received contents noticed. I am glad to find that you have made all things straight with the girls and children accommodations. Births &c and I do not think it is best for them to go up town, as they will have occasion to go on board the boat frequently &c. You and other friends will have to attend them until they are off; I will repay the $400 when you please to call for it. I have bought my beef in Boston. Good mess @ 11 7/8$ will you buy me 140 bbls the best of prime pork and ship it immediately. You may either draw on me or I will remit the amount.
JAP

April 23, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 20th inst came to hand this morning. Your account is credited with check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars. Also with $3.69 amt of bill crackers. Annexed you will find invoice of three hundred bbls selected N.W. whale oil shippd per Republic which vessel sailed this morning having been detained two or three days with head winds. The last sale of sperm oil @ 103¢ on time. I suppose that good oil could be bought @ 101 to 102¢ though I have not tried the market. Handsome N.W. whale oil is selling off in small parcels to manufacturers @ 36¢ down to 35¢ according to its quality for color &c. Such oil as is on board the Republic could not be had at less than 36¢.
JAP by WP

April 23, 1849
Frederick Parker, Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 21st giving me the price and description of anchors in New York is received. I do not want an iron stockd anchor having proved to my satisfaction that a wood stock is much the safest and best except for small anchors. In looking over your description I think that the last one described viz a second hand anchor which the owners think weighs 1760 lbs but cannot find memo of weight for which he asks 5½¢ and think that 5¢ cash will buy it. If this anchor is wood stock and weighs not less than 1760 lb or over 2000 lb it will answer. The next choice will be the first one you described viz “New English make very handsome @ 6¼¢ cash weight 1816 lb. You must however decide which is best. A wood stock anchor weighing from 1800 to 1900 lb is what I want. The ships old anchor has a very long slim shank and every time it is used it crooks verry bad besides it is cracked slightly. Both Capt Mickell & Capt Tompkins say that there is no dependence to be put upon it. They crooked it the first time they let it go on the last voyage & used the other altogether during the voyage which they crooked also. The pork has arrived; opened two bbls this morning and found it very good. Please ship the anchor by first vessell. The ship Young Phenix will be nearly ready & painted the first of next week if the weather is good but she may not go to sea before the beginning of week after say two weeks from to day or tomorrow. I mention this so that you may do what you think proper is relation to the 1/8 belonging to estate S. P. Dunbar.
JAP pr WP

April 25, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
I believe I have not had the pleasure of receiving any of your favor’s for about a month. How do you stand in regard to whale oil. The price here for selected is 35 to 35½¢. A cargo of about 2000 bbls (balc J. E. Donnell’s) was this day sold @ 33½¢ for export, quality inferior as to color. Sperm oil goes off in small lotts @ 101 to 102¢. Will you please to send me two casks of linseed oil (get it of Mr Bridge) say 1 cask about 42 to 45 gls. the other from 50 to 60 gls. Mr Frederick Parker has shipped me an anchor pr sloop Emily, to sail Thursday, from New York. You will please send the oil pr same vessell, who will land it on our whf. If she is not there, send by first vessell.
JAP pr WP

April 26, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 25th is received since which I have occupied the time in making enquirey about whale oil. There is but little such oil as you describe in New Bedford, the best of all the cargoes on this side of the river having been sold off as I wrote you yesterday. Good quality could be bought for 35¢ and nothing less to day. I went over to Fairhaven and found the Friendships oil to be very handsome but the ows decline naming a price it being a new kind of oil called “Polar oil.” The whales from which the oil came are of a different speices from the common wright whales. After the oil is examind weighed &c by a manufacturer they will be ready to set price. The other two cargoes “Columbus” & Eliza Adams are not yet landed the owners say they will sell when landed at a fair market price. I will report to you as soon as I can accertain quality & price. The J. E. Donnell oil sold yesterday @ 33½¢—would not answer your purpose not one hundred bbls handsome among it.
JAP by WP

April 26, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentts
I wrote you yesterday fully on the oil market. No change in the market since. The late arrivals will not have much discharged this week. It will be the middle of next week or after, before I shall get the terms for the oil at Fairhaven. They are very indifferent about naming a price. I shall have to wait until it is all discharged, filled up &c. I shall be able to buy it as cheap as anyone. Downer bot on 25th a few hundred bbls at Fairhaven @ 35¾ not selected. The beginning of next week I will accertain what can be done at Fall River & Warren. The four large cargoes will I think be in the market. We shall have to wait until they are ready to sell. In the mean time more ships may be in which will have an affect on the market. I shall watch the market and report to you accordingly.
JAP
[Samuel Downer Jr., oil and candles, 100 State St., Boston]

April 30, 1849
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Since writing you on Saturday Mr Phillips has been over to Fall River. He found the Rowena cargo partly discharged say about 1400 bbls on the wharf which was very handsome “Polar oil.” The agent Dr Durfee was not prepared to name a price until the whole cargo was landed and quality accertained. He has promised to give me his terms the last of this week. The cargo at Warren is not yet landed and thought it not worth while to go over there at present. Your favor of 28th is received. There is about ½ of the Georges cargo unsold. Take it together it was a very good cargo but Downer of Boston bot all of the balance between decks oil & Joseph Ricketson 2d bot 500 bbls more of the best part of it. I presume that some 4 or 500 bbls more good oil left among it. The bark Newton with 2000 bbls whale oil and some sperm is now in sight and there is three large cargoes expected every hour via the same. Robinson Florida & Saratoga may all be expected this week, which together with the unfavorable news from Europe will have a tendency I think to lower the price of handsome whale oil and I have no doubt of being able to fill your order to better advantage a few days hence than now. The ship Garland arrived this day with 900 sperm and the bark Otranto is in sight with some 4 or 500 sperm.
JAP by WP

April 30, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Your favor of 27th inst with check on Merchants Bank Boston for four thousand dollars came to hand this morning and the amt to your credit this day. Whale & sperm oil remains about the same the former @ 35¢ to 36¢ selected latter 101 to 103¢.
JAP by WP

May 1, 1849
Messrs Schmidt & Balchen,
New York
Gents,
I am in receipt of your favor of 30th to Jno A. Parker & Son.
I am not in want of a vessell at present for any European port, not having any oil or other merchds to ship this spring.
JAP pr WP

May 3, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
I have not as yet made any purchases of whale oil; holders demand higher prices than the quality will warrant, for the lotts now in market ready for sale; Gibbs & Jenney at Fairhaven & Dr Durfee at Fall River both decline naming a price at present, except for the ground tier and second quality for which they ask 34¢.

The ships Samuel Robertson & Florida, cargoe’s not yet landed; & two more large cargoes are nearby, all of which the owners will no doubt be anxious to sell, and I anticipate a differant feeling in favor of the purchaser in the course of a few days, and think it most for your interest to keep rather quiet at present keeping a look out for a good average cargo.
I shall keep you advised of the prospects.
JAP pr WP

May 4, 1849
Mr John Armstrong,
Sir
The ship Young Phenix is now ready to go to sea. She will positively sail on Tuesday morning next. I want you to come up on Monday morning with all your things.
JAP pr WP

May 7, 1849
Capt Isaac B. Tompkins
Dear Sir
You having command of the ship Young Phenix now ready for sea; you will embrace the first favorable opportunity to proceed on your voyage and use your best endeavors to obtain a cargo of sperm oil previous to your return to this port in which however should you be disappointed I prefer you should fill your cask with whale oil rather than bring them home empty in fact I recommend your taking a few hundred bbls whale oil any time you may happen to fall in with them even on your passage down to the west of New Holland and if you are fortunate in taking sperm you could dispose of the whale oil at Hobarts Town or some where else. In regard to your cruising ground I shall give you no positive instructions but leave it to your own good judgement to manage the voyage to the best advantage under the circumstances. I presume you will always look well to the intrest of your owners and to do this you will figure out all your transactions before hand if possible and as some masters do keep figuring during the voyage.

You have a memorandum book containing a list of outfits with the cost price of the same with the exception of the slops which are marked on the book the prices to be chraged the crew. If you sell to any other ships on shore get all you can for them. You have more pork than beef on board and if you have opportunity I would reccommend your selling some of the pork if a good price can be obtained or change some of it for beef say two bbls for three of beef. You have 100 bbls flour of which I think you can spare 10 or 15 bbls when a good price can be obtained for it. If you should obtain any oil this side of the Cape de Verde you will please land it at Fayal with Mr Dabney to be sent home. Consign the same to my order if shipped to Boston, if shipped to New York consign to Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co if to Philadelphia to Alexander Campbell Esq. Baltimore Thomas Whiteridge & Co.

I wish you to keep a good officers watch on deck especially when near the land until after they have sufficient oil on board to pay their advances which will be about 70 to 75$ to each man before the mast $100 to b/s (except Simmons) to which you will add 25% int & insurance $10 for fitting ship & your slop a/cs. You must not allow any man to desert, or leave the ship if you can avoid it and not discharge any man except before a consul or some proper authority. State in your discharge the quantity of oil they entitled to a share of and the amount you have advanced them in slops and cash. I wish to avoid the port of Sydney if possible as it is a very bad and a very dear place. It is said that the port of Victoria Hong Kong is a very cheap place to recruit ships everything plenty if you should cruise near that port I think you could do well to recruit there. It is of the greatest importance that you should make white oil and that you should have the head distinctly marked that there will be no trouble in sorting it out and be carefull that no mixture occurs.

You will please to write evry opportunity, if by way of England direct to care of Lemuel Goddard Esq. London. When you have filled your ship you will sell evry article you can spare if no more than cost can be obtained. Please to keep a correct account of all you sell from the ship and particularly an a/c sales of the articles put on board to recruit the ship. Should you find it necessary in the of your voyage to draw on me you will do so and for such amounts as you cannot well get along without but if you have any whale oil on board I should prefer your selling that if 25¢ per gallon or over could be obtained rather than have you to draw for money.

Wishing you a prosperous voyage and safe return I remain
JAP pr WP

May 8, 1849
Samuel Laurance Esq.
Lowell,
Dear Sir,
As I have no other accquaintance in Lowell, I take the liberty to send you the above bill against a Mr Mitchell, a cutter of whalebone in your city. I have written him several times and do not receive any reply.

You will much oblige me by making enquirey about Mr Mitchell, and if you find that he is in Lowell, please have the above bill presented to him for payment & inform me the result, & much oblige.
JAP

May 8, 1849
wrote James Mitchell
of Lowell, and send bill with a request to pay the same.

May 8, 1849
Kimball Perry Esq.
Dear Sir
I will write you one more letter, to remind you the long standing of that small note—now standing 2 years & 8 months. I wish payment without delay.
JAP

May 9, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 9th is received contents noticed. I have not yet made any purchase of whale oil, but continue to keep watch of the market. The cargoes recently arrived are now being landed, the quality cannot yet be fully assertained and the holders seem to be disenclined to name a price. Gibbs Jenney, Atkins Adams & others say that they intend storing their oil; the Rowena cargo at Fall River is sold, price not transpired. I some expect to make a purchase of the owners of the Saratoga, if the quality holds out equal to that already landed. I shall continue to watch the market as close as possible and exercise my best judgement in relation to price, quality & time to purchase & advise accordingly; there appears to be considerable enquirey for whale oil, but no direct offers made as I can learn.
JAP

May 14, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 4th inst with drft on Willis & Co for two thousand dollars came to hand on Monday 7 inst and your favor of 11th with two checks of one thousand each I received this day.

Sperm oil is selling @ 102 to 102½¢ for first rate and 100¢ for rather inferior quality. Whale oil is selling by whole cargo @ 34¢. Small lotts of selected @ 36¢ pr gallon at which price the ows of Saratoga are making small sales. 35¢ is offered for large lotts selected.
JAP by WP

May 14, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Since I last wrote you I have been endeavoring to make a satisfactory purchase of whale oil but have not succeeded. I have examined a number of cargoes but find them rather inferior and at the same time the owners demand to high price. The Charles Drew cargo was purchased by Joseph Ricketson 2d @ 34¢ without examination a part only was landed. I examined a few casks and found a large portion dark, and dare not buy it without further examination. The Olive Branch cargo is about middling as to quality casks very poor. The ows ask 35¢ all round and this morning I was supprised to find that holders are stiff at 36¢ for good oil. The Saratoga oil is very handsome a large portion, the ows are selling off small lotts @ 36¢ but are not anxious to sell at that price. I cannot see why there will not be a different feeling soon. The a/cs from Europe I supposed would have an effect to lower the price but it seems not to influence the holders in the least. Will write again tomorrow.
JAP by WP
P.S. On the 8th I drew on you for $3000 @ 3 mos and this day for $4000, @ 3 mos
Mr Parker is in Providence expected home to night.
WP

May 15, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
I wrote you yesterday. There is no change in the oil market, other than the holders of whale oil are more stiff and demand higher prices. These few lines are merely to inform you the pressure of money unjustly close. No discounts to be had at our banks and that I must rely on you for the 15 thousand this month. I wish the next remittance six thousand by 21st & the ballance in this month.
JAP

May 16, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentts
Your favor of 14th inst came duly to hand, also your telegraphic dispatch. Yesterday I made some considerable effort to purchase whale oil to fill your order but without success, and this morning (finding that I could do no better I purchased 13/16 of the Saratoga entire cargo of whale oil @ 35½¢ pr gallon say from 35 to 3700 bbls. This cargo is entirely North West oil and decidedly the handsomest cargo in New Bedford, take it all together the casks are mostly small and very good. The best I could do any where else was the Olive Branch cargo which is hardly middling as to quality casks very large & very poor was 35¢ for the entire cargo and nothing short. In Fairhaven there is considerable handsome oil, but the owners will not set a price upon it and knowing that there were presons here ready to pay 35½ and even more for the Saratogas cargo I thought best to purchase the whole that was for sale (some of the owners will not sell at any price). Now I propose that you take the entire lot enstead of the 2000 or 2500 bbls which you desired me to purchase, and if you prefer it I will select out the dark and rancid oil which probably will not be over ¼ & sell the same on your a/c. I suppose 34¢ could be obtained for it without any trouble, and prehaps more, or I will mark off to you 2000 or 2500 bbls equal proportion of the cargo and retain the balance myself as you prefer. Your answer by return of mail. In regard to payment I am bound to furnish 8 or 10,000$ when wanted to pay of crew, and the balance an average probably of 3 or 4 months, and I shall want to draw on you at short sight for the amount required to pay the crew the balance on as long time as may be conveinent. Some part no doubt will go to 6 mos & probably longer.

There appears to be a brisk demand here for handsome whale oil mostly on speculation, which has sprung up within a day or two and holders are aticipating a further advance, with a great deal of confidence. I could no doubt sell ¾ of this cargo to day @ 36¢. I will observe further, in relation to the payments for the oil, that money never has been so close here, at the Merchants Bank particularly since I have been in business. Not a single discount can be obtained, even sight drfts on New York are not desired. I must therefore depend on New York for the amount required to pay the Saratoga’s crew as the sum will be required before the bank will be required to discount any thing. The ship Falcons cargo (1000 bbls) poor oil South Sea was sold yesterday @ 34¢.
JAP

May 18, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentts,
Your favor of 17th is received contents noticed. The Saratogas cargo is all gaged but not quite all filled up, it will be finished to night. As near as can be accertained there will be 3700 bbls deld to me by the ows of Sartoga. The writer has not had time sample the oil quite as near as he would wish to but has taken 30 small vials from the cargo and shall send them by express this afternoon, viz 13 bottles no 1 about 2300.6 do [ditto] no 2.—490—3 do of 3 “ 200 bbls & 5 ground tier 500 bbls 1 pink & 2 dark about 210 bbls making about 3700 bbls. The casks are mostly small & verry good. The best offer I can get today is 34¢ for 1000 bbls or over, poorest in cargo. Bates & Co notes 3 & 4 mos int added, but I cannot retain the offer untill return mail, unless they find some other person to sell them, at that price (which I doubt) they will pay the same price tomorrow. If you decide to sell, you must telegraph tomorrow. My charge will be one percent for selling.

A cargo of 2000 bbls was bot the 16th on speculation @ 36¢ not quite so handsome as the Saratoga since which I hear of no sales—except small lotts @ 36¢ not top quality.
[no signature]

May 21, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Yours of 19th is received. I am pleased to learn that the samples of oil were satisfactory and I am certain that nothing better could have been done for you at the time of the purchase and there has not been a time since that I could do anything like so well in this market. On looking about to find the quality quantity of whale oil here I was rather surprised to find so little, as near as possible to assertain the quantity unsold is now only about 24,500 bbls and I find that 16,800 is now stored & is to be stored for higher prices leaving only 7700 in market for sale most of which of shipping quality and is held from 35 to 37¢ probably some of the 7700 bbls will be stored. In regard to the freight of your oil to New York I will write you as soon as I have a moments time to assertain. I think however that you would be about as well off to lett the Republic take it to you when wanted at the old rates say 20¢.
JAP by WP

May 22, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 21st is received and agreeable to your request I send you annexed my two drfts on your selves dated 18th & 23d inst & payable in 4 mos to my own order, and shall look for the proceeds on Wednesday.

I understand that the Olive Branch’s entire cargo of whale oil has this day been sold @ 36¢ and the same price is offered for Formosa’s cargo & other lotts here but refused. I have been enquired of to day for the lowest price for all the inferior oil is Saratoga cargo. My answer was that I supposed you would sell @ 36¢ 7 or 800 bbls the poorest. I suppose transient vessels could be obtained to take your oil to New York @ 17 to 18¢ pr bbl but I understand Taber & Co agents of the New York packets to say that they do not care about having it @ less than 20¢.

I think you will be as well off to let the Republic take it on for you, taking the insurance into calculation which will certainly be less by him.
JAP by WP

May 22, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gentlemen
Since my last respects of the 16 ultimo I have received your favors of 2d April and 1st of May, and duly noticed their contents. Your acct is credited with rix 5856.43 gr amt remitted to Frederick Huth & Co London against my drft of £950 due 23d March. I have also credited your a/c with rix 24: 2 gr on a/c of Frederick Parker due May 1st and under date of 18th April I credited your a/c with proceeds of my drft of £600 on F. Huth & Co London dated April 14th @ 30 d/sight sold @ 6¼ % less ¼ % brokage paid, say $2826.25¢ against mate of ship Alexander. Barclay drft paid April 15th of $3028.07¢. And I have again accepted S. Brammerhofs drft for $1006, dated Talcuhuana March 3d ’49 @ 10 d/sight due June 1, 1849 on your a/c. Mr. Brammerhof writes me that the funds were used to pay for provisions which were so high at the Sandwich Is. that he did not buy them there but came to Talcuhuana to get them cheaper. He writes that the ship will sail the same evening for Bremen, but does not name the quantity of oil on board. In regard to purchasing a cargo of whale oil for the Averick Heineken I can only say that the prospect of obtaining oil at anything like your limits is still further off than when I last wrote you. Within the last two weeks a no. of entire cargoes: and all the inferior oil for export to the No of Europe @ 33 to 34 p. gallon mostly @ 34¢ and now entire cargoes will command 36¢ pr gallon plenty of speculators in market for oil at the latter price. The stock is verry small notwithstanding nearly all of the right whale ships have arrived, only about 24,500 bbls is in this port & Fairhaven, of which about 18,000 bbls is alrady being stored for higher prices in the fall, and probably most of the balance here will be stored for same purpose. So you see that it will be almost impossible for me to obtain at less than 36 to 37¢ and that will be doubtfull unless it is done immediately. I understand also that about all of the oil at the western ports is sold @ 35 to 36¢ and some cargo’s not yet arrived is sold, so that I see no chance to load the Averick Heineken with oil this season and your friends in New York will have to find business for hir there.
JAP

May 24, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen
Your favor of 23d inst is received with Geo Curtis Esq. cashier check on State Bank Boston for ten thousand dollars which is to your credit as requested. Above you will notice bill of whale oil bot of ows Saratoga. If you desire the gauges before it is shipd I will forward them to you. Since yesterday morning one cargo has been sold @ 37¢ pr gallon. Mr Gibbs agent of ship Houqua and most other holders ask 40¢.
JAP by WP

May 24, 1849
Respected Son,
Your letter of 14th mentions pig iron opens fair prospect for speculation. Mr. T. Nye has just given me an invitation to buy a lott together, that it could be bot at $19 cash if you can purchase a lott at about that price and you can negosiate drfts on Judd’s Sons & Co @ 3 to 4, 5, & 6 months on Judd’s Sons or an average of [blank] mos you may buy 1000 tons or any part of it on the terms you state in yours of 14th to Mr Phillips.
In haste
JAP
[p.s.] Mr Goddard is here & wife

May 25, 1849
Mrs. Mary A McCleave
Madam
Yours of 10th is received having been absent from the city. It was not conveinent for me to send your money before. Enclosed I send you fifty dollars which I hope will answer your purpose for the present.
JAP by WP

May 25, 1849
W. H. Titus Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 21st came duly to hand. I presume that your veiws in regard to the neccesity of having gas fixtures placed in the house of mine on 14th St now occupied by you, are correct and that now is the proper time to do it. I have written to my friend Mr Samuel S. Tisdale and refirred the whole matter to him with whom you will please to confer in relation to this subject and oblige
JAP by WP

May 25, 1849
Samuel S. Tisdale Esq.
Dear Sir
On the 22d inst I received a letter from Mr W. H. Titus who now occupies the house on 14th St. which I received from you. Mr Titus wishes to have gas fixtures placed in said house now while there is work being done about the courtyard &c and that the expense will be about 100$ for putting them through the first and second stories. In my lease to Mr Titus it is provided that he is to make all repairs alterations &c but still, as this seems to be a permanant alteration and improvement and probably one that will be for my interest to have the gas fixtures put in now and at my expense you will please so instruct & cause the same to be done & oblige
JAP

May 27, 1849
Frederick Parker Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your esteemed favor of the 26th is received and the contents duly noticed. In regard to the purchase of pig iron I leave the whole matter with you to your judgement to decide when is the proper time to make the purchases. I will forward the paper (if it can be negotiated at 6%) for such sums as may be required: if the sum exceeds twenty thousand dollars, I shall want to extend some part of the paper to five mos; I do not hear of any transactions in whale or sperm oil this morning.
JAP (WP)

May 27, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 17th came to hand the 19th with checks enclosed for six thousand dollars—and your favor of 24th with drft on Willis & Co for $2000 came to hand the 26th inst, and your a/c is crd accordingly. I will receive the three notes you hold against Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co amounting to $8,685 50/100 due Novr 1/49, by placing the same to your credit as due that date, and when your a/c is made up, deduct the interest at the rate of 7% for the unexpressed time they have to run. I prefer not to have any portion applied to lessen your remittances next month. After next month (if you desire to do so) you can lessen your remittances 2000$ in each month on a/c of these notes, say to 13000$ pr month. Sales of whale oil have been made here @ 37¢ pr entire cargo, nearly all the whale oil here is held by speculators, for higher prices in the fall. Sperm small sales last week @ 100¢.
JAP by WP

May 28, 1849
Messrs Ball, Tompkins, Black & Co
Gentlemen,
I here enclose you a drft on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co for three hundred eighty eight 25/100 dollars, the amount of your bill, which you will place to my credit &c
JAP

May 29, 1849
Messrs Moller & Sand
Gentlemen
Your favor of 28th is received informing me of the safe arrival of the ship Averick Heineken at New York on Saturday last. I am sorry to observe that the prospect of a desirable charter in New York is not very good the more so as it is out the question to obtain a cargo of whale oil here at any reasonable rate as there is none here that can be purchased at less than 38 to 40¢ per gallon and there is no holders of whale oil that desires to ship any portion of it out of the country to any foreign market.
JAP by P

May 29, 1849
Fredrick Parker Esq.
Respected Son
Your favor of 28th is received contents noticed. I wrote you on the 27th that in case you made purchases of pig iron; I would furnish drfts on Judd’s Sons & Co @ 3, 4 & 5 months provided they could be negotiated in New York @ 6 pr ct infering from your letter that you would find no difficulty in obtaining the money for the same at that rate. In case you think best to purchase to arrive, I could not engage to furnish the cash in hand, from here to the amount you would require, or even any part thereof; and unless the money can be obtained in New York on such paper as I propose, or something like it, I prefer not to engage in a purchase of the iron. My engagements to pay money here uses up about all my receipts, and I should not like to be under the neccessity of asking a discount of 20,000$ or more, at one time to meet engagements for a purchase on speculation especially. Mr. Goddard is here this morning, he will be in New York on Thursday next and will confer, & advise with you in relation to the purchase of pig iron (as he informs me) which I presume may be of some advantage to you, in making up your mind as to the proper time to purchase &c &c. By last advices, I understand Gathsheire brand to be 4 5/1 per ton, with a prospect of its being down to 4 4/5.
JAP

May 29, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co.
Gentlemen,
Confirming the annexed duplicate of my respects of 22d of May, I have now the pleasure of acknowledgeing receipt of your favor of 7th May advising the safe arrival of steamer “Hermann” &c. I recd advices this morning from Messrs Mollen & Sand of New York that your ship Averick Heineken arrived at that port on Saturday last and that the prospect of a desireable charter there was not very good. There is no prospect of purchasing a cargo of whale oil here at any reasonable rate. I very much doubt if a cargo of 4000 bbls could be obtained at even 40¢ per gallon. The last sales were at 38¢ and holders now ask 40¢ for entire cargo. Speculators have been in market and bought up every bbl that could be obtained at 36 or 37¢ and am now offering even money I shall write to your friends in New York to day that I cannot procure a cargo for the Averick Heineken here &c.
JAP

May 30, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
The Republic has returned from Albany and after consulting with Captain Sowle, he has requested me to make you a proposition to take to New York in the Republic your entire lott of whale oil @ 18¢ p bbl provided he can have the privelege of taking it as fast as he can conveinently go and come say from 700 to 750 bbls each load. The wharfage will expire in about two weeks when there will be another charge upon what remains of 3¢ unless it is being shipd, in which case I can arrange time in proportion. The oil (having been kept wet on the passage home) has become considerably slackend and will require coopering very soon; you are aware that it should be stored or shipped immediately, after it is coopered: please give me your instructions by return mail.

I do not hear of any transactions in whale oil within a day or two except some selected oil at Fairhaven @ 38¢ limited quantity 40¢ is demanded by most holders that pretend to name a price.
JAP by WP

May 31, 1849
Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 29th inst with check on Merchants Bank Boston for three thousand dolls came to hand this morning. I wrote you on the 27th acknowledging receipt of your favors of 7th & 24th received the former on the 11 and the latter on the 26th inst. Whale oil is now held at 40¢ pr gallon mostly in hands of speculators sperm 102 to 103¢.
JAP by WP

May 31, 1849
Respected Son
Frederick Parker
I have this morning received your two letters dated the 30th and notice their contents, particularly the advise of your having purchased two hundred tons Gathsheire pig iron @ 19¾, 20½ $ pr ton and accordingly I send you annexed my two drfts on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co say @ 3 mos $2100, one @ 4 mos. $2000 the proceeds of which will furnish you with amt required to pay for the above iron. I notice your offer of an equal intrest in your half of a purchase of 125 tons English bar iron purchased in connection with George Hussey for which I am much obliged, but at the same time I prefer not to except the offer tho I doubt not you will make money out of it. In fact I am not over anxious to purchase pig iron; the stock being so very large and accumulating all the time. I am rather apprehensive that it will be a considerable time before an advance will take place sufficient to gives us a profit.
JAP

May 31, 1849
Mr. Willis Hendrick
Sir
Your favor 16th inst to the postmaster here was handed to me a few days since; on referring to my shipping papers for the Young Phenix I find the name of George D. Hendrick among the last of her crew. But his protection sets forth that he was born in Bangor, Maine and that he was 21 years old. He may be the person you enquire of or may not be. The ship Young Phenix sailed hence on a whaling voyage to the Indian Ocean May 8th 1849 under command of Capt. Isaac B. Tompkins & will probably be absent 3 years more.
JAP by WP

June 1, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
Your favor of May 31st came to hand this morning and I notice your remarks about shipping and storing the whale oil. When Capt Sowle consulted to take the oil at 18¢ he expected liberty to take a load immediately, still he wishes to fulfill the contract, and is in hopes you will premit him to take in a load soon as he wants to go to Albany. The whfg runs out the 13 inst of this month and the owners of wharf (Wilcox & Richmond) inform me today that unless the oil is taken off at the time; they shall charge 2¢ pr bbl in addition, even it did not lay more than a week. There is not store room very near the whf on which the wharf lays, consequently the oil will have to be trucked to sheds at a cost of 25¢ pr evry 8 bbls, the storage will be 1¢ pr bbl pr month, and when the oil is taken away there will be another charge of truckage (25¢ pr ton 8 bbls) and whfg 3¢ pr bbl. These will be the expenses of storing and nothing less can be expected. If you conclude to store you will please inform me as soon as you conveniently can as the oil needs coopering even now and as soon as it is coopered it should be stored. I here of no sales of oil here except the dark & poor oil from the Formosa cargo (800 bbls @ 36¢ cash, holders of handsome whale oil do not name a price.
JAP by WP
P.S. I drew on you yesterday in favor F. Parker @ 3 mos---2100$
F. Parker @ 4 mos----------------------------------------------2000$

June 2, 1849
Tappan Wentworth Esq.
Dear Sirs
Your favor of 24th ultimo came duly to hand. If there is nothing to be obtained from Mr Mitchell more than it will cost to obtain it I rather not incur any expense. Should Mr Mitchell or his son make any propositions for a compromise you will please inform me at once the facts and your own opinion and I will decide by return mail to accept or let the claim lay a remain a little longer. Should Mr Mitchell son be willing to obligate himself to pay at some time hence and there is a reasonable prospect of his being able to perform his promises I should be willing to accomodate him he paying your fees for negotiating the business.
JAP by WP

June 4, 1849
William M Smith Esq.
Enclosed I send you Jonathan H Smiths order in your favor for balc his voyage in my ship Young Phenix which I have entered accordingly at the foot of same. I have been paid made amend of what has been paid for him here. The ship sailed on the 8th May & Mr Smith went off in good spirits and perfectly a man in all respects.
JAP by WP

June 6, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Yours of 4th inst came duly to hand; since which I have looked over your whole oil and selected the pink, black, stinking & dirty; reserving the No. 1, 2, 3; the sweet (or nearly so) of the ground: I find 394 bbls of the above poor quality, (95 of which is in bbls & 40 gall. casks, dark & stinking). I have not had any offer as yet for it; and presume I shall not be able to obtain 36¢ as there appears to be more anxiety to sell whale oil now, than there was a week since. If I do not sell I shall ship the 394 bbls by the 13th inst to save wharfage. The balance of the oil is now being ship coopered & stored in sheds, which will be completed in the course of this week.

The oil has to be pumpd 1 gall or more of it being nearly full. Last sale here was 300 bbls average handsome cargo @ 38¢.
JAP pr WP

June 7, 1849
Respected Son
Frederick}
Your favor of 6th came to hand this morning. Mr. Phillips wrote to you yesterday and stated that I would apply all that Capt Shearman would owe me for repairs & outfits of his 1/8 Young Phenix and a balance of 5 to 600$ now against him, towards paying him the amount due from you, and charge the same to your a/c, which would leave about $1000 perhaps to be paid to him to settle the amt, you owe him, which I would also pay if convenient, but I have immediate use for all the money I receive and more too, so that I am obliged to require some discounts. You can make your drft for about $4800 in favor of Capt Shearman, or the whole amt. if you prefer, and we can arrange it afterwards.

In regard to pig iron, I approve of your course in not buying any more at present, and for my own part, I had not rather not purchase any more at over $19 or 19¼ in store, and not over 300 tons more at that price. It looks to me that it will be more than six months before a proffit can be realized if more than that price is paid, besides I believe it will go lower than it now is before it is higher; the low price in Europe & low freight will increase the stock which is already very large.
JAP pr WP

June 11, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 7th came to hand on Saturday the 9th inst with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars and Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co’s notes amounting to eight thousand six hundred eighty five 50/100 dollars all of which is to your credit in a/c the notes as before proposed. The prospects for selling old casks the coming summer & fall are worse than ever; they can bought here @ 1¢ to 1¼¢ per gallon. If I can make use of any, I will order them.
JAP by WP
P.S. I shall have hard work to dispose of the balance of your casks now here during the summer as we have no ships of our own have not had an offer of over ¾¢ pr gallon this spring. I will make up a/c sales and send for what is sold by the time your next a/c is made up by M. Parker.
WP

June 11, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favors of 7th & 9th inst came duly to hand, contents noticed. Since the receipt of the former I have sold about 100 bbls of the black oil @ 35½¢ cash in the course of this week which is the only opportunity yet offered. Up to Thursday night, I had coopered and stored about 2600 bbls of the oil and had not the rain prevented the whole would have been stored previous to yours of the 9th. There is now remaining on the wharf (not yet coopered) about 725 bbls, besides the 294 bbls dark & stinking consisting of No. 1 & 2 & ground tier, with prehaps a few cask no 3. I shall ship the same when the wharfage expires if I can find a vessell to take it, the Republic having left in ballast, for Albany, immediately after the receipt of yours of 7th ordering it all stored; I think the dark oil will have to be stored.
JAP by WP

June 13, 1849
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gentlemen
I wrote you on Saturday afternoon and forwarded invoice of 87 cask whale oil sent p. railroad amt eleven hundred thirty one 69/100 dollars as cash. I have this day drawn on you in favor of J. B. Congdon cashier for the above amount at sight without grace which you will please to honor.

Should you find any error in the invoice (which I wrote you there might be of a few gallons) I will correct the same hereafter or when Mr Tufts is the city.
JAP pr WP

June 13, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Your favor of 12th came to hand this morning with check on Boston for $7798 92/100 with which I have taken up your note to ows of bark Dr Franklin for same amount due at Merchants Bank this day. I make no entry on my books. Enclosed I send you the note receipted by J. B. Congdon. The schr Cornelia will commence taking on board the 725 bbls whale oil this day @ 18¢ pr bbl freight. I have not yet sold any more of your dark whale oil and if no opportunity offers I shall store the same tomorrow morning, to save wharfage. I do not hear of any transactions in whale oil except some small parcels @ 38 to 39¢ per gallon according to quality, sperm 102 to 103¢.
JAP by WP

June 15, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
The sch Cornelia sailed this morning for New York with 197 cask of your whale oil from Saratoga’s cargo. 23,192½ galls nett as p invoice and bill lading on board said vessel. The balc of your oil is stored. Under date of 13th I credited your a/c with $1127.48¢ cash received for 3176 galls of your dark and stinking oil sold and charged your a/c with:
drayage of 2887 bbls oil to shed--------------------------$90.25
pd labor pumping rolling and tiering in sheds &c---------$33.75
paid casks for pumpings about 800 gallons--------------$10.00
[total]--------------------------------------------------$134.00
I do not find any purchaser for the balc of the dark oil & the same is stored. There are small sales of whale oil nearly every day @ 38 or 39¢ to manufacturers sperm oil @ from 100 to 103¢.
JAP by WP

June 18, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gentlemen
Since my last communication as per above duplicate I have received Mr. Heineken’s valued favor of 12th May informing me of the safe arrival and good health of all the members of my family now on a visit to Bremen &c for which I feel greatly obliged. I have also received your favor of 21st May covering drft of $240 on Messrs Post & Sherry of Sag Harbor @ 20 d/sight which drft has been forwarded for acceptance and will appear to your credit in due course.

I am pleased to learn that you have some prospect of a peace with Denmark, and hope soon to hear that it has been consumated on such basis as will be lasting so that your commercial affairs and business generally with all ports of the world will again assume its proper and legitimate course. And I also hope that the internal difficulties and revolts in the city’s of Germany may soon be to an end, and the people turn their attention to business and habits of industry instead of revolts fighting blood shed and distructions of property, accumulated by the industrious and good citizens of the country.

I have not been informed by your friends in New York of what is being done for your ship Averick Heineken but hope they have found business for her, which will pay you some profits. The prices of whale oil in this city continues about the same as when I last wrote you, if any change it is rather less firm; a cargo of ordinary quality might possibly be bot in small parcels @ 36 to 37¢. 38½¢ is the last quotation for average handsome cargo. I hope you will be so fortunate as to receive the Alexander Barclay cargo safely at Bremen, and realize at least your last quotations of 19½ rix, for the same. There is no danger of any whale oil being shipped to Bremen, from any port in the United States (except New York, of which you will no doubt be regularly advised by your friends) the prices will range too high during the season. I see no reason therefore why you should not have control of the Bremen market and realize a handsome price for your oil.
JAP

June 18, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 14th with check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars and Washburn & Co drft on Willis & Co for two thousand dollars came to hand on Saturday 16th inst. There is not much doing in the oil market. Last week there were sales of whale oil @ 38 to 38½¢. And sperm oil @ 1.00$ or 1.02¢ according time and quality of paper.

I presume that some lotts of sperm oil could be bought @ 100¢ the most of holders ask 104 or 105¢ & whale oil @ 38¢ average of cargo.
JAP by WP
P.S. Will you inform Capt Sowle if there that a letter has been received from Davis Chase dated Toledo June 6th saying that he had recommended him to transport the staves from Albany to New Bedford and considered there was no doubt of his having the business. Some staves could be shipped Toledo in about 10 days and after that about evry week. They had been delayed about getting down the staves on a/c of the bad roads.
WP

June 25, 1849
Mrs. Almira B. Haskins
Your favor of 18th inst came to hand on Saturday. It having been sent to Nantucket by the Post Master. Enclosed I send you thirty dollars as requested.
JAP by WP

June 25, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your favor of 21st came to hand on Saturday 23d with check on Merchants Bank Boston for two thousand dollars. And Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co note dated June 15th and payable in six months for four thousand eight hundred & one dollars both of which are to your credit in a/c. You ask my opinion upon the furture price of sperm oil. It is somewhat difficult to make up a decided opinion upon the probable price of this article. In the first place so many ships are being taken out of the business that those holding sperm oil now and expecting it to arrive next fall & winter will hold on more firmly for high prices tho immediate effect upon the quantity or stock this year, can be calculated upon. Still they will expect manufacturers & consumers will buy a larger stock than usual this fall, secondly it is expected that money will become very plenty in the course of this summer and fall, which always has an effect to advance the prices of oils, and thirdly those persons now holding sperm oil here seem to be very indifferent about selling it I suppose calculating on 110¢ pr gallon or upwards next fall. I suppose a few hundred bbls could now be bought @ 105¢ pr gallon, tho most of holders having stored the oil will not take that price; upon the whole I think the present price will be maintained through the summer and should not be surprised if it advanced a little higher. And it may not be that the price next fall will pay for keeping @ 105¢.
JAP by WP
P.S. It is said that selected N.W. whale oil was sold at Fairhaven to day @ 40¢.

July 3, 1849
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dr. Sir
In conformity to our conversation, I here enclose you J. B. Congdon cashr check on the Mechanics Bank New York for twenty five hundred dollars for which you may send the paper as you proposed & I will send you the balance when you wish it. I here enclose your note due on 15th which I have not used. You will send my note of same time and date. What is my cotton worth, what is its future prospects. We are all in usual health and hope you are also.
Respectfully your friend,
JAP

July 7, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of June 28th came to hand on the 30th June with check on Bank of Commerce of New York for six thousand dollars. And yours of 5th inst with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston for three thousand dollars I received this morning both amts are to your credit under the date when recd. The oil market is very quite. Whale oil is selling from 35 to 40¢ pr gallon according to quality, terms of payment &c. I do not think that handsome N.W. whale oil can be bot now at much less price than 40¢. Sperm 105¢ is asked for good quality not much doing the veiws of holders being too high for the purchaser.
JAP by WP

July 7, 1849
Mr N. G. Ogden Esq.
Phenix Bank NewYork}
Dear Sir
Enclosed I send you J. B. Congdon cashier check on Mechanics Bank for five hundred eighty six 89/100 dollars to pay my premium note to Atlantic Mutual Insurance Co
$147.35 & C. E. Dyer premium note to same bank for $439.54
[total]----$586.89
left at your bank for collection agreeable to the enclosed notice. The notes you will please to cancel and return by mail to your Obt Servant
WP

July 11, 1849
N. G. Ogden Esq.
Cashr Phenix Bank}
Dr. Sir,
Enclosed is J. B. Congdon cash check on Mechanics Bank of your city, payable to your order for two hundred ninety three dollars to pay B. Fearings prem. note to the Atlantic Mutual Insurance Co. agreeably to the within notice; please to cancel and return by mail (as before) to
WP

July 11, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Yours of 18th June came duly to hand. There were 87 casks of the dark & poor oil sold from Saratoga cargo (3176 galls) on your a/c in June last, since which time I have not had any direct offer for the balc, which is now stored with the other oil. Within the last two days there has been considerable activity in the sperm oil market from 3 to 400 bbls has changed hands @ 104 & 105¢ about 2500 bbls at the latter price which is freely offered for more, but holders in store do not accept the offer to day. The transactions in whale oil will not go above 40¢ for selected altho I understand that Alexander Gibbs refused that price for 500 bbls. The importations this year has already reached to about 230,000 bbls which is more than was calculated to arrive during the year.
JAP by WP

July 14, 1849
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favor of 13th is received. Annexed you have duplicate invoice of the whale oil ex. “Cornelia” June 14th the original of which was forwarded by said vessell with bill lading.

Your purchase of 350 bbls sperm oil (if the quality is as good as you represent) is according to the market here, a verry good one.

It is quite uncertain what the balc of your whale oil, exclusive of the No. 1, would sell for as I do not hear of any purchasers in market, but it is probable that not over 35½¢ could be obtained cash and I do not now know of any one that would that price; I presume that your oil could be sold in small parcels, on time, @ 38¢ and over, take an average of the whole exclusive of the black oil. The verry warm weather the past few days has probably prevented buyer’s coming into market. If in the course of next week I can obtain an offer I will inform you, meanwhile it is my opinion you had better retain the whole for manufacturing, except perhaps the balc of the black &c.
JAP pr WP

July 16, 1849
Mrs. Abby T. Hoeg
Madam
Your favor of 12th is received. Above I send you my drft at sight on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co for fifty dollars as requested.
JAP by WP

July 19, 1849
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dr Sir
Your esteemed favor of 18th came to hand this morning. As you supposed I had noticed from the papers that the cotton continued to advance in price, and that large transactions in New York had taken place on the arrival of the last steamer from Europe. I am not quite prepared to offer my cotton for sale yet, and therefore wish you to have the insurance on the lott in New York extended 2 mos from the 22d inst. I shall advise you as soon as I think best to sell, and in the mean time I would thank you to advize me occasionally of the state of the market, your own veiws in relation to the furture prospects &c.
JAP by WP

July 21, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your favor of 12th with Washburn & Co drft on Wills & Co Boston for three thousand dollars came safely to hand on the 14th inst. And I have now the pleasure to acknowledge receipt of your favor of 19 inst with drft on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars together with drft on Willis & Co for two thousand dollars together $5000 to your credit this day. I notice your remarks about closing your a/c which will not be done until the 31st inst.

I am quite certain that New York manufacturers have not purchased any oil in this city or recent vicinity for some time past and I do not hear of a single order from them to purchase any of either sperm or whale oil.

As to the quantity of sperm oil now in the country, I have no means of knowing (except what may be found in the shipping list) at present, but in a few days I shall probably have some stastistic & memorandums handed in which will enable me to give you something near the actual quantity. It is now calculated that there is about 14,000 bbls sperm oil in first hands in this city & vicinity and about 24,000 bbls whale oil. Sales of sperm oil this week @ 105 & 106¢ to a considerable extent. Holders of sperm oil in store, demand higher prices say 107 to 108¢ for a prime article in store and 106 or 107¢ from wharf. Most of those that have stored their oil calculate on 110¢ in Sept or Oct. Whale oil selected from wharf (quantity small) 40¢, from store 42¢.
JAP pr WP

July 26, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 18th cane duly to hand, since which time I have not obtained a direct offer for your dark whale oil, except one from a party whose paper I had a little rather not take; dark whale oil has been selling this week @ 36¢ for Boston paper from 4 to 6 mos, not exactly no. 1.

I presume I shall be able to sell your soon @ 36¢ for cash or good paper. Do you wish it sold at that price, if I can obtain it. Selected N.W. whale oil 40 or 42¢. Sperm in store 106 to 108¢. It is calculated that there is about 14,000 bbls sperm and 24,000 bbls whale oil in first hands. Holders of sperm in store ask 108 to 110¢. I shall make up your a/c on the 31st inst & forward the same. Frederick has purchased some 4 to 500 bbls sperm oil on speculation @ 105¢ and has offered 106¢ for more.
JAP pr WP

July 28, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Your favor of 26th inst came to hand this morning, with check on Merchants Bank Boston for four thousand dollars to your credit this day, and check on Suffolk Bank for six thousand dollars to your credit under date 31st inst. I have also credited your a/c with eight hundred thirty six 79/100 dollars received from William Phillips due July 31st. Enclosed I forward your a/c current made up to July 31st ’49 including the above items showing a balance due me of thirty thousand two hundred seventeen 82/100 dollars which I hope you will find correct and satisfactory. The sales of sperm oil during the past ten days has been made mostly to manufacturers. I do not know of but one person that has bot on speculation and that is Mr Frederick Parker to the extent of 600 or 700 bbls for which he paid 105¢ and I have heard of his offering 106¢ for more. Holders know ask 108 to 110¢ and express great confidence that they shall obtain 110¢ by Sept. There is very little on the wharfs. Whale oil is held @ 42¢ to 45¢ for the first quality. I expected to have some correct a/c of the quantity of sperm oil now stored and held for sale but the gent offering to obtain the same has not completed his task and is not prepared to report. The quantity is not large probably not over 10,000 bbls.
JAP by WP
[P.S.] Judd’s Sons & Co write that they shall not buy at these prices but rather take their chance in the fall if high & purchase less. W.P.

July 30, 1849
Lincoln Drake Esq.
Dr. Sir
Your favor of 26th came to hand on Saturday evening, with four notes endorsed by Cyrus Lothrop, enclosed. Herewith I return your three notes due in March, April & May cancelled, as requested.
JAP pr WP

July 30, 1849
Rev. Francis Smith
Dear Sir
I here enclose you J. B. Congdon cash’r check on Suffolk Bank of Boston which will be as good as money, as Providence money which amt must be endorsed on my note when I come over to Providence. Please to acknowledge the receipt of this. All in usual health.
I am your friend
JAP

July 31, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
Your favor of 27th came to hand. I shall not sell any more of your whale. oil without further instructions. The prices continue about the same here with moderate sales this week. I do not hear of any transactions in sperm oil for a no. of days past.

Enclosed I send my a/c current with you, made up to July 31st 1849. Balance in my favor of $53,461.30 which you will please to examine and enter accordingly if found correct. I have not drawn for the old balc due me which you authorized me to do, payable in August & Sept, and I will still defer drawing probably as long as you may wish, as I have no immediate use for the same.
JAP by WP

July 31, 1849
½ past 11 o’clock
Revd Francis Smith,
Dr Sir,
Your favor Monday evening, I presume after the mail was in when you wrote informing me you had not received my letter according to your expectation. I wrote you Monday morning enclosed in the same letter James B Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank Boston for $2000 endorsed over to your self and I put the same letter into the hands of the Post Master myself, @ about twelve o clock and told him what it contained. While writing this I have received a telegraph despatch letter (not received
JAP

August 3, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of yesterday is received; I notice your remarks upon my mode of calculating interest, the diff. named by you &c; I will review the subject and write you again respecting it, as soon as I have time to do so.

I have made some enquiry about the prices of manufactured, winter sperm & whale oil. It being National fast day, I have not been able to see all the manufacturers here, but as near as I can ascertain, there is not any natural winter sperm or whale oil in market or at least none of any consequence. All that I have found is ice made oil, but said to be verry good and to stand the cold well thermometer @ 35 to 36. 1000 gallons bleached sperm sold yesterday @ 112¢ cash and bleachd winter whale oil @ 50¢. Ice made I am offered 100 bbls unbleachd winter sperm dld in New York in Octo @ 115¢ cash & 50 bbls bleached winter whale ditto @ 54¢ in casks & 55¢ in bbls, all of prime qulaity but made with ice. There were sales of sperm oil to about 700 bbls extent on the 1st inst @ 107¢ pr gallon, holders are very sanguine that the price will go up to 110¢ by the first of September for a prime article, and it certainly appears quite probable.

But little doing in whale oil, prices demanded are above the view of purchasers, 40¢ is offered for fair average lotts, but that price is refused.
JAP pr WP

August 6, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Your favor of 2d with Washburn & Co drft on Willis & Co Boston for two thousand dollars, came to hand on Saturday 4th inst.

The news from Europe on Saturday has produced quite an excitement in the sperm oil market, and considerable quantity’s changed hands today at 108 to 109 & 110¢. On the first inst. the stock of sperm oil in this district was 14,797 bbls, since which nearly four thousand bbls has been sold, or above, leaving only eleven thousand bbls on hand for sale. Most of holders now ask 112 to 115¢. Sales of whale oil @ 42¢.
JAP pr WP

August 7, 1849
Messrs W. J. King & Co
Dr Sirs
I suppose late a/cs from Europe, the advance of cotton at different times presume it has caused some stir in the cotton market in your place. Please inform me how stands the article and how stands the price of good midleing, midleing, & midleing fair & what is the prospect of holding on and at what time you would advize selling. I would also trouble you for your oppinion regarding printing cloths. I have a large lott of well wrought & made from good stock 60 to 64.
JAP

August 7, 1849
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dr Sir
Your favor 28 ult I believe I have not answered, it has laid a little out of sight. You in this letter speak favorable about cotton and the news since has been more favorable then could been anticipated. How stands the price of my cotton. What is the prospect to hold on. When do you think the best time to sell (as we are all afloat under full sail).
P.S. We are all in usual health. How are your family.
JAP
[p.s.] Sir Ludlam & Lazenby’s a/c has been examined found correct, & the balance say three hundred one 58/100 dollars is paced to your credit due June 30 ’49.
JAP pr WP

August 7, 1849
George H. Kuhn Esq.
President of Norfolk County Railroad Co
Dr Sir
Your cicular of 1st inst is received. I nearly [?] cannot understand by that cicular what you want. Only a hundred thousand dollars is wanted & if the stock holders do not come forward and protect their property by furnishing a loane to the company our intrest now in the road will go to ruin &c &c. I expected we had chosen a sett of directors to manage the affairs of the road. Also to have had a plan suggested by the directors how this money could be raised and also state to the stockholders what they had to do, or in other words, what would be their proportion, according to the stock they now hold in the road, and if there are any that will not furnish their porportion of the amt required. Relinquish all the right to the stockholders that are willing to pay & protect the road. I am nearly at a loss to understand what the neglect of the stockholders to respond to this call of the directors will in afect to abandon the road &c. I own 25 shares in the road. I wish to know how much you want of me to protect my interest of the road.
JAP

August 8, 1849
copy
$450 Recd of J. E. Thayer & Bro. four hundred & fifty dollars, it being for three per cent dividend due on my one hundred & fifty shares of the New Haven & New York Railroad stock.
JAP

Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
Having noticed in the papers that the director’s of the New Haven & New York Railroad had declared a dividend of 3% I send you above receipt for amt due on my one hundred & fifty shares. And I suppose there is a divd now due to the stock holders of the Auburn & Rochester Railroad, tho I have not seen any declared in the papers. Please advise me respecting the same & I will forward receipt.

Enclosed I send you a warrant for thirty five dollars, for semmiannual int. due on a bond of the Auburn & Rochester Railroad Co for $1000.
JAP

August 9, 1849
Capt James K. Turner,
Sir
Your immediate attention to the payment of the note I hold against you, is requested.
JAP pr WP

August 10, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
Since writing you on the 3d inst I have looked over the interest a/c with you and have credited your a/c with $38.77¢ being 1/73d of $2830.29. Balc of int chgd July 31st. I have always supposed that it was right to calculate interest for evry day in the year, or month that funds were used, and figured my interest a/c’s on the principle of 6% or 7% as the case may be for 360 days which it appears is not the custom in New York and therefore I make the correction. I have this day drawn on you in favor of H. Ludlam for twenty eight hundred thirty three 63/100 dollars at sixty days which you will please to accept. I learn this morning that the whole cargo of sperm oil in Providence was sold yesterday @ 110¢ also that some sales were made in Fairhaven at same rate and it is reported that the Messrs Nye’s were offered 112¢ pr gallon for the Desdemona’s cargo (very handsome) which they refused to accept. The stock of sperm oil in this destrict (which includes all the byeports), is not over 11,000 bbls in first hands about 2000 of which is held by Frederick Parker. Sales of whale oil yesterday in Fairhaven @ 43¢ pr gallon.
JAP by WP

August 10, 1849
Messrs J. E Thayer & Bro
Gentts
Yours of 9th is recd with checks for nine hundred and forty nine dollars enclosed. Above you have order for the Auburn & Rochester dividend. Please to inform me the present rate of exchange of London and when will be the most favorable time to draw for 5 to 10,000 £ in your opinion.
JAP by WP

August 10, 1849
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dear Sir,
I received your esteemed favor of 8th inst and take due notice of your remarks about cotton for which I am very much obliged. Annexed I send you my drfts on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co at 60 days date for twenty eight hundred thirty three 63/100 dollars which I presume you can get discounted very readily in New York as I notice that money is very plenty there at this time. According to my calculations as per memo a/c annexed the above drft discounted @ 6% will pay the balc due L & Lazenby & int say $303.87¢ and leave twenty five hundred dollars which amount I charge to you in new a/c this day. If the foregoing arrangement is not entirely satisfactory you will please return the drft and I will remit a check on New York. Your quotations of cotton are not so high as at Providence & other places my letters from Providence inform me that holders refuse 11¢ for about such grades as mine.
JAP

August 10, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
P.S.
Since writing you this morning I have received your favor of 9th with check to pay your note which is enclosed. As near as can be assertained there has been about 3000 bbls sperm oil purchased on foreign account at the late prices. Manufactured winter made unbleached sperm oil 115¢ to 116¢. Ice made 113 to 114¢. Bleached 5¢ per gallon higher. There is very little spermaceti for sale here. The Crockers have none except what they wish to make into candles which sells quick @ 33¢. Cash down the quotations on 32¢ for unrefined @ 33¢ for refined. I have made your request known to J. Dunbar & Co.
JAP by WP

August 11, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 9th is received with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank, Boston for two thousand dollars which is to your credit. I have made some effort this morning to assertain the price of winter sperm oil but have not found any one ready to name a price. There is news from New York that it has been sold in New York as high as 120¢ for unbleached & 125¢ for bleached. I do not think I could contract to day for 200 bbls unbleached winter sperm oil at less than 117¢ to 118¢. About 3500 bbls sperm oil has been sold @ 110¢ including the cargo in Providence. The Messrs Nyes have refused 112¢ for the Desdamonas cargo very handsome, 115¢ is the asking price now. Some think it will go as high as 120¢ by October. Whale oil is selling @ 43¢ pr gallon good oil.
JAP by WP

August 13, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
Your favor of 16th with check for twenty six hundred twenty five 24/100 dollars is received with which I have paid your note at Merchants Bank for same amount. Enclosed I forward you the same. I have been through the market this forenoon and cannot find any person willing to take less than 45¢ per gallon for 1000 bbls N.W. Coast whale oil selected. I have also made some enquirey about manufactured sperm oil, 116 to 117¢ is the asking price to day. One person offered 200 bbls natural winter sperm oil ice made will stand @ 33 to 34 good bright color @ 115¢ as cash, say 4 mos int added. Your answer by return mail will secure it but not any larger quantity than 200 bbls at that price. I have not heard of any sales of whale oil above 43¢ porportion of cargo black only out.
JAP by WP

August 14, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro
Gentlemen
I send you samples of my cotton in New Bedford (a/c marks &c of 776 bales coppy on file) for which I hope you will succeed in obtaining 11¢ per lb altogether.
JAP pr WP

August 15, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 14th came to hand this morning with check for twenty six hundred twenty five 24/100 dollars with which I have taken up your note due at Merchants Bank this day for same amount. Enclosed I send the note cancelled. I do not hear of any sales of crude or manufactured oil, since I last wrote you, tho I have no doubt that small sales have taken place. Report says that 113¢ has been offered for sperm oil, but refused. 115¢ is demanded, tho I presume that a fraction less would buy it. Yesterday morning two whalers arrived with about 2000 bbls sperm & 550 bbls whale oil.

I omitted to mention in my last that the cargo of sperm oil in Providence was sold to Frederick Parker a part or all of which is intended for the London market.
JAP pr WP

August 15, 1849
M. Bolles Esq.
Dr Sir
Your favor of 13th did not come to hand until this morning. I have lost no time in inclosing the amt for the purchase of 25 shares in the Norfolk County Railroad stock costing $511.25 which I enclose you J B Congdons check on the Suffolk Bank for that amt. You will please to send the stock by mail. When any change in matters concerning the road or the directions have matured a plan of operation please to write me particulars &c.
JAP

August 16, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 15th is received contents noticed. I have retained about 100 bales for my own use which is as small a stock as I wish to have at this time; I expect by the time this is worked to see cotton of the same quality 14 to 15¢ pr lb. I have another lott in New York which I shall not put into the market untill a further advance takes place. You will understand you have the whole lott when you have assertained what you can obtain for the lott please do so. You I suppose will consider the cotton limited @ 11¢.
JAP

August 16, 1849
J. G. Kidder Esq.
Dear Sir,
Yours of 15th is received. I am not prepared to name a price for the small lott of sperm oil per Monte Christo, but when the writer of this comes to Boston, on Saturday or Monday he will call on you. The article is held here @ 115¢ pr gallon.
JAP pr WP

August 18, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro
Gentts
Allow me to introduce to your accuaintance the bearer Mr William Phillips who is a member of my house. Whatever he may direct concerning the sale of my cotton, or any other business transacted by him for me; will be the same as if present myself. Your letter of 17th did not come to hand until this morning’s mail therefore concluded to answer by Mr Phillips Monday morning. The offer of 10½¢ for the 776 bales cotton I decline and think of putting it up to 11½¢. However I leave Mr Phillips to excircise his judgement in the matter. You will please govern yourselves according to the instructions he may think proper to give.
JAP

August 23, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Annexed please find invoice of 35 bales cotton sent to the rail road yesterday afternoon and this morning. In consequence of the blindness of the marks and the fault of the stevador who mixed up the different marks in store it was impossible to find but 33 bales A.V. I have put in 2 bales J.S. to make up the 35 the grade I beleive is the same. It was impossible to get it all up to the depot yesterday afternoon in time to go out by the baggage train. I hope you have been able to make further sales at same price or nearly so. I reweighed 5 bales of the lott and found the weight to agree exactly on 4 bales and 1 lb on the 5th.
JAP by WP

[The following letter is in Parker's hand.]
August 24, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Sir Recd your dispatch giving information you had sold the other lot of cotton it will be delivrd at the depo tomorow the other lot I expect has arived. I have orderd the sampels of 93 bales sent you from New York which I shall be pleased to here you can obtain 12Ct what is the frt & other expences on cotton from NY what will the late a/cs of the advance on cotton advance it here
JAP

August 25, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your several favors of 15th 18th & 23d inst have been received. The two former I acknowledged by Mr. Tillinghast who left town for home yesterday afternoon. The latter with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston, for two thousand dollars came to hand this morning, the amt. to your cr. Capt. Sowle is loading with your sperm oil today. Since Mr. T. left town there has been 600 bbls sperm oil sold by Mr. Hathaway to Mr. Hathaway to Mr. Grinnell on speculation @ 115¢ the oil is no better, if so good as the St. Peter’s. And Abner Barker sold yesterday afternoon 500 bbls whale oil (Olive Branch’s cargo, not so nice as the Warren lott) @ 45¢ to a Boston house; The Messrs Wood sold the 500 bbls South Sea dark, black, & ground tier oil @ 42¢ pr gallon. I understand that there are other purchasers in market, but cannot buy good N. W. whale oil @ less than 47¢. Mr Downer did not take the head oil in Providence on account of 12 or 14 casks of it being thin head, he offered 115¢ for the body & thin head & 126¢ for the thick head. I received the basket of plums sent by Mr Wickes in fine order, for which he will please accept my thanks. I think I never saw any so verry fine. I have a partial refusal of the 480 bbls sperm oil belonging to Mr P. Tillinghast @ 115¢ untill I can hear from you.
JAP pr WP

August 25, 1849
M. Bolles Esq.
Your favor of 23d reached me last evening. I have obtained the signatures of all the stock holders in this place to the Norfolk County Railroad, agreeable by your request.
S. Borden subscription $300. John A. Parker $1300. I. Howland Jr & Co 1300$. William Rotch Junior 500$. N. M. Prasker $500. Joseph Grinnell $500. in all $4400. Upon the following condition that sufficient amount shall be subscribed by the stock holder, so that the contemplated arrangment may be compleated. When the arrangement is compleat the money will be ready. Pleas to say what you assess $137,000 when only $100,000 is wanted to compleat the road &c.
JAP

August 25, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Dr Sir,
Your favor of 24th is received contents noticed. As I wrote to you last evening, I have ordered samples of 282 bales cotton in New York forwarded to you. Annexed please find invoice of 84 bales cotton 82 marked J.S. & 2 A.V. which completes the two lotts you sold. It will all be up to the railroad depot this afternoon but it may not all go forward to day.
JAP by WP

August 27, 1849
George Seaver, Esq.
Dear Sir
The 119 bales of cotton of which you sent samples to Providence on Monday last, has been sold @ 11½¢, I now wish you to forward samples of two other lotts to George W. Rhodes, Providence by express as before, viz. [symbol: 2 in a diamond]2 57 bales ND. 55 bales. I notice a small advance on cotton in Liverpool reported per last advices; you will please not sell any of my cotton at less than 11½¢ all round.
JAP by WP

August 27, 1849
George W. Rhodes
Dear Sir
Your favor 25th is at hand, the 84 bales were shipped on Saturday. I have learnt one load 6 bales did not arrive at the depot in time, will be forwarded by this days train. I have ordered Mr Seaver to send you two samples one 57 and 55 bales which you will not sell at less than 11½¢. More of the samples will warrant it. I expect to be at Providence Tuesday eve in Boston cars.
JAP

August 27, 1849
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 25th is before me contents noticed. I did not direct all the samples sent on, I only wanted the half of the samples of 92 bales lot only half the sample devide each bale sampel so you would have the samples as well as Mr Rhodes. It appears you sample anew when you put it in the market. However I am now disposed to put it in the market. 11 cts cash is the lowest mor if the market will have it. I have had sold in Providence 2 lots @ 11½¢ @ 6 mos. I suppose 11¢ cash will nearly come up to sale at Providence. I am of the oppinion cotton will advance if any change in the market. Mr. Rhodes writes me by last mail he can dispose of my whole lot as above, therefore unless it will nett me as much in New York I must have it sold in Providence. I may or may not be on to New York if I come I may leave home Monday next. I except the children on the first or by the middle of next week.
JAP

August 27, 1849
Mrs Mary A McCleave
Madam
Your favor 20th is received contents noticed. Enclosed I send you 50$ the amt wish by you. The ship had 260 sperm & 260 whale when last heard from.
JAP by Geo R Phillips

August 28, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Your telegraphic communication reached here 2½ P.M. yesterday afternoon. Mr P. Tillinghast refuse to accept of 115¢ for his 480 bbls sperm oil and now ask 116¢. The oil is handsome and 38% head. I think Gibbs & Jenney will sell their oil @ 115¢ and there is oil in Falmouth said to be good which can be bot @ 115¢. Under the present state of the market I have concluded to waite a few days, unless Mr Tillinghast will accept the 115¢. Since I wrote you last Mr Adams of Fairhaven has sold his 475 bbls @ 115¢ to a house in this city. I do not hear of any sales since Saturday. Whale oil is selling off in small parcles @ 45¢ & under, according to quality, have not heard of any sale higher than 45¢
JAP by WP

August 29, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
A few hours after I wrote you yesterday Mr. Tillinghast concluded to accept the offer of 115¢ for the lott of 480 bbls sperm oil before refused to, and he is this day preparing it for delivery. The oil can remain in the shed in storage at 1¢ pr bbl per month untill you require it forwarded, and I insure the same at the usual rates from this day. This is decidedly the best lott of oil in this market, only 1500 bbls remaining in first hands in New Bedford. Have not heard of any sales since yesterday except the 500 bbls (mostly head) in Providence which is sold to Mr. Downes @ 126¢ for the head and 117¢ for the thin head & body oil say 3900 gls.

Whale oil continues the same, sales small for a few days past.

Your favor of 27th came to hand this morning with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars & check on Shoe and Leather Dealers Bank for one thousand dollars, together three thousand dollars to your credit this day. The two lotts of sperm purchased when Mr. Tillinghast was here add 1396 bbls & the lott of Mr Tillinghast 480, making in all 1876 bbls sperm oil purchased.

Capt Sowle sailed on Monday with about 620 bbls on board, and the “Adelaide will commence loading this afternoon, but will not take quite all of the two first purchases of sperm.

I hear from Warren, that the whale oil that was under seaweed, had leaked some & required cooperage, have not yet found out the quantity.
JAP pr WP

August 29, 1849
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 28th came to hand this morning contents duly noticed. I have received information from Mr. Rhodes, Providence, that he can sell two marks of the 282 bales cotton @ 12¢, and the other mark @ 11¢. The cost of transportation from New York to Providence is less than 50¢ per bale. The drayage in New York & the brokerage in Providence 25¢ per bale will be the only additional charges. From this statement you will see at once that there will be quite a differance in my favor over a sale in New York @ 11¢ cash, allowing I paid your coms in either case. You will please not be in haste to sell, but follow my directions from Providence.
JAP pr WP
[p.s.] Mr Parker left town for Providence yesterday afternoon.
WP

August 31, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Your favor 29 is at hand. The oil market has been brisk, since writing you sperm oil has been sold @ 115¢. Many good lots of whale. Sales large in whale @ 44 to 47 mostly @ 45¢, some hold at 50¢. The whale oil on hand is computed to be less than last year at this time. The general oppinion is it will go to 50. First rate sperm oil I think will not advance beyond what it now is more sellers than buyers at this time 115¢ alltho some think it will go higher of which you can judge as well as any one. I am glad you have been so fortunate in your purchase in New Orleans. Ten thousand dollars may be made from my purchase for you. I may be in New York on Tuesday morning (uncertain). The peaches I presume arrived although I have not been up since the cars arrived.
JAP

August 31, 1849
Messrs W. J. King & Co
Gentts,
Under your advice when I last wrote saw you I have concluded to put my cotton into market and try the Providence market. I have had 2 lots sold by George W. Rhodes Broker @ 11½¢ 6 mos. I have taken the liberty to send you a few samples of different lots about the same quality as above. Some may better and some not so good. I want for the best 12 to 11½¢. The samples will be sent from Boston to you. Will you write me tomorrow evening your oppinion about the quality and price. As you have no stock on hand I suppose you may get the higher price from your old customers & will be moderate in your charges say brokers coms. I suppose we are all waiting the result of the news by next steamer. I think I shall be over Monday morn and prehaps proceed to New York where I have 232 bales. I think in all next week I will dispose of all my cotton unless discouraging a/cs are received by next steamer.
JAP

August 31, 1849
George W Rhodes Esq.
Dr. Sir,
Your favor 30th (by which I did not receive the note for the cotton sold came to hand last evening. I suppose we are all waiting the arrival of the steamer. I have directed some more samples of several lots to be sent you by express from Boston. Please to write me by tomorrow evening mail of the transactions and oppinions concerning cotton &c. I have a lot of printing clothes 60 to 64 a superior lot made first rate cotton all uniform in no varation all count even. I shall hold them for 5¢.
JAP

September 5, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Dear Sir
Your telegraphic dispatch, came to hand last evening, and also your favor of 4th, I recd this morning, both advising sales of
[2 in a triangle, with a superscript 2] 57 bales cotton @ 11¾¢ 6 mos
N.D. 55 bales cotton @ 11½¢ 6 mos
H.E. 49 bales cotton @ 12 1/8¢ 6 mos.
[total bales cotton]---161
which I am this day forwarding up to the railroad depot. I have rewighed 10 bales of first mark, & found the agregate weight to vary only 2 lb which was over instead of under the marks on the bales. I shall try the other marks & if short weight, remark &c.

I notice the accounts about cotton from the South, is verry favorable to holders, and also the European news a/cs pr “Wellington” in at New York is also favorable, but as Mr Parker will be with you, I make no alterations in his limits, tho I believe the article will bear a notch higher.
WP for JAP

September 6, 1849
George W. Rhodes, Esq.
Dr Sir
Annexed please find invoice of 161 bales cotton as sold by you to Nichols & Richmond Providence. The H.E. & N.D. mark I have reweighed it having been stored in avery store seperate from the other mark. I noticed it to be rather light weight & therefore reweighed the whole. The cotton will be all up to the railroad depot this evening but it will not all go forward until tomorrow. Being ready to deliver another lott I am hopes you have closed another bargain satisfactory to Mr Parker.
JAP by WP

September 7, 1849
1½ P.M.
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Providence
Gent
Your telegraphic dispatch of this date has this moment come to hand. It will be impossible for me to forward the R.D. 27 bales cotton by this afternoons baggage train, the cars all being full besides there is not time to get it out of store & up to the depot. It will all be up in the morning & will leave in the afternoon.

I am sending up the last of the [symbol: A in a diamond] 59 bales.
JAP pr WP

September 7, 1849
6 P.M.
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gentts
Above you have invoice 59 bales cotton sold by you to Messrs Nanton Kelley & Co. a part of which went forward on the railroad this afternoon. The balc will go on tomorrow and also the RD 27 bales.
JAP by WP

September 8, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
I had the pleasure to receive this morning your esteemed favor of 6th inst with check on Shoe and Leather Dealers Bank Boston for two thousand dollars which is to your credit this day. I am glad to learn that the Republic and Adelaide have arrived safe: shall give the Republic the balc of the sperm & head lot of Frederick Parkers and send him to Warren for balc of load whale oil.

Anexed you will notice my a/c for purchases made on your a/c which you will please enter accordingly. The small charges when shipped you will be regularly advised of, ie, on the last lott sperm & the whale oil in Warren.

Our oil market has been in rather a quite state for a few days past. I have not heard of any transactions in sperm since I last wrote you except one lott on private terms supposed 116¢ I think it can be bot now at 115¢ but not so nice oil as your last.

Whale oil has been in demand at from 42 for poorest up to 48¢ for selected. Polar oil at which large sales were made the fore part of the week but within a few days not much has been done. Buyers went to the western ports and paid full prices for quite inferior oil in some cases. One lott of South Sea oil at Stonington sold @ 47¢ to a Boston house about 700 bbls. The fair market price here pr handsome NW selected is 47¢.
JAP by WP

September 8, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favors of 5 & 6th inst came to hand, contents noticed. Our whale oil market has been in a very quiet state for a few days past. I do not hear of any purchases in market, but have no doubt that there will be some enquirey next week. I notice the samples you forwarded, the dark & stinking oil is markd and stored mostly by itself, but to find all the oil in the lott to compare with samples would make it necessary to break out nearly the whole lott. The last sales of dark & ground tier oil I understand were sold at 41 to 42¢. The largest portion of sales of good oil here have been @ 45 to 46¢ some small parcels of nice polar oil 47 to 48. If I can obtain an offer for your inferior oil I will advise you immediately for your decision. I do not hear of any transactions in sperm oil within a few days past. I think none of good quality, can be bought, at less than 115¢.
JAP by WP

September 10, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gentlemen,
I have assertained that the R.D. 27 bales cotton had not gone forward this morning: The railroad freight master informed me that it was impossible for him to send it out on Saturday, as every freight car that could be procured was entirely filled up with freight, which had been at the depot one or two days previous. He assured me that it would all go forward this day without fail.
JAP pr WP

September 16, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Dr Sir
Your favor of 8th came to hand on Saturday evening. Stateing that you had sold to the Coventry Manufacturing Co the D.C. 92 bales cotton @ 11¢ 6 mos & the B.B. 49 bales to C. Allen & Co @ 11¼¢ 6 mos. I shall have the 49 bale lott up to the depot in time to go out this afternoon probably, and a part of the D.C. I examined the weight of six bales and found them to hold out with the marks.

On looking over my memo I find that there is only 85 bales of the D.C. mark, the other 7 bales having been used at my factory.

On examining the cotton & class of the two lotts sold as above, it strikes me that you have sold a little under the market for their grades. I think that each lott should have brought ¼ to ½ more compared with former sales.
JAP pr WP

September 12, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 11th is received advising sale to G. Allen of R. S. 47 bales cotton @ 11¢ 6 mos on my a/c. I have forwarded the cotton to the railroad depot this day pr annexed invoice.
JAP by WP
P.S. Mr Parker being in Providence today will take the liberty to satify the above sale or otherwise after assertaining the standing of the purchaser, which no doubt will be satisfactory I have thought proper to forward the cotton.
WP

[The following letter is in Parker's hand.]
September 14, 1849
George W. Rhodes
Sir
I here enclose you Mr Ladds a/c of the rcpts at the depo of 161 bales cotton to be sent to you which were fowarded accordingly therefore of a bale of cotton missing the freight master at Providence must look it for it has been shiped from our depo correct &c
JAP

September 15, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favor of 10th came duly to hand, since which time our oil market has been in a very quiet state. I have not heard of a single transaction in crude sperm for the last four or five days, holders demand the same price 115¢ but appear more anxious to sell. I do not think the price will decline. In whale oil there has been nothing for the past few days, prices nominally the same. I have had no application for your dark and inferior whale oil but expect next week there will be applicants from Boston for this kind of oil.
JAP pr WP

September 17, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Dr Sir
Your favor of 15th inst is recd with C. Allen & Co. note dated Sept 11th @ 6 mos for $2413.91 amt of invoice B.B. 49 bales cotton, Also Coventry Manufacturing Co notes
say one dated Sept 6, for 1979.89 @ 6 mos
say one dated Sept 14, for 1979.89 @ 6 mos} amount of D.C. 85 bales cotton sent Sept 11th. I also received from you in Providence, Woonsocket Co note dated Sept 6th for $8,438.70 payable in 6 mos. for amt invoice 161 bales cotton sent Sept 6th. For your bill of brokerage and freight paid I will forward you a check tomorrow. Mr Ladd & Mr. Grinnell presdt New Bedford & Taunton Railroad have both gone to Providence this day to search out the missing bale of cotton mentioned by you.
JAP pr WP

September 17, 1849
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 15th is before me, contents noticed, also the $2500 note. I here inclose yours cancelled. As to my cotton I shall let it lay, untill the next steamer. I shall be willing to sell the cotton @ 11¢ all round. I expect a better feeling about cotton soon. All as well as usual.
JAP

September 17, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 14th inst. came to hand this morning, with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars and check on Shoe & Leather Dealers’ Bank for same amt, together four thousand dollars to your credit this day. Capt Sowle went to Warren on Friday to take balc of load whale oil, having taken balc of lott sperm bot of Frederick Parker here, I suppose he will be ready to leave Warren today.

I did not hear of but one sale of sperm oil last week, which was 10,000 gls from bark Maria’s cargo @ 115¢ for London market; the holders of good oil will not sell less than 115¢. Some small, inferior lotts probably might be bot a few cents less. The market for whale oil was also very quiet last week, no buyers in market, holders rather anxious to sell untill Saturday & today they are more firm @ 46 to 47 for good N.W, and so on down according to quality.
JAP pr WP

September 18, 1849
George W. Rhodes, Esq.
Sir
Your favor of 17th is recd with E. Allen note $2291.30. I also enclose you J. B. Congdons cashier check on Providence Bank for $321.29, which is the amt of your bill of brokage & frt of cotton by railroad. I think of waiting the next steamer before I move in the cotton business again. They say at New York my cotton would fetch 282 bales all round would fetch 10½.
JAP

September 19, 1849
Southworth Shaw Esq.
Sir,
Enclosed I send you J. B. Congdon cashier ceck on Suffolk Bank for five hundred & fifty dollars the balc due for 22 shares Cape Cod Branch Railroad stock purchased in Augt. You will please send certificate of same & oblige Yours
JAP by WP

September 20, 1849
Capt Thomas Mickell Jr
Dear Sir
The undersigned having been informed that it was your intention to take the command of a vessel to India or California, provided a suitable oppertunity presented, which would warrant a fair remuneration; we have thought it might be an advantage to you for us to state, for your own interest as well as the information of whom it may concern, that you have sailed in our employ, in the whaling business, ever since the year 1833, and since the year 1840 as commander of some one of our ships, at all times to our entire satisfaction in every respect, and particularly as to your qualifications, for strict entegrity and honesty, and efficient knowledge in nautical science as well as mercantile knowledge beyond most any other ship master ever employed by me. Wishing you success and prosperity, we remain Yours Respectfully
JAP
FKP
WP

September 20, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 19th is received; I am glad to hear that the cotton market has gained its loss. I hope the next news will put it up a notch higher, when the next steamer arrives I shall decide what I shall do in regard to closing up the remainder of my lotts. I wish to enquire if you provided I order my lott at New York shipped to Providence, if you will not accept 12½¢ pr bale brokerage, as you are aware a considerable expence will occur to me in moving the cotton to Providence.
JAP

September 21, 1849
S. Shaw, Treas
Sir,
Yours of 20th with certificate of 22 shares Cape Cod Branch Railroad stock is received.

I do not wish to subscribe for any more of the stock.
JAP pr WP

September 21, 1849 “Copy”
Lemuel Goddard Esq.
London}
Dr. Sir,
You are hereby authorised to open a credit, with Simon Wilkinson Jr Esq. of Sydney New SouthWales for one thousand pounds sterling on account of Abner Ashley 2d Esq Agt for ows. ship “Harrisson” and charge the same to my account.
FP

September 22, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 20th came to hand this morning with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars & check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank for one thousand dollars, together three thousand dollars to your cr this day. Since my last the oil market has remained about the same, I do not hear of any transactions in sperm. In whale oil there has been a few transactions during the week say to the extent of almost 1500 bbls @ 45 to 46¢ mostly.

Capt Sowle will inform you about the state of the oil in Warren, you will please direct me when you think proper for another load to go forward.
JAP pr WP

[The following letter is in Parker's hand.]
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Sir
Your favour 22d is before as it regards cotton I like to have it closed up if fall short a fraction short of eleven cents. I leave you to act as you think most for my intrest. As to tobaco I do not feel like taking hold of it at present
JAP

September 26, 1849
William J. King & Co.
Your favor of 24th inst with S. Thomas & Co notes for collection, came duly to hand.
The first for $1344.82 is paid, and enclosed I send you:
J. B. Congdon cashr check on Providence Bank for------$344.82
Ditto on Suffolk Bank------------------------------------------1000.00
both payable to your order.

The note of $1347.89 due 3d Octo will have due attention.
JAP pr WP

September 26, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gentlemen,
Your telegraphic despatches of 24 & 25th came duly to hand. The former adviseing sale of 142 bales of my cotton & the latter requesting me not to forward the lots 23 & 26 bales until further orders from you. Annexed please find invoice 93 bales (the 2 first marks sold) which has all been sent to the railroad depot and will reach you by tomorrow. Please give me directions about the other lotts also the 2 last lotts of lower grade if Mr Parker sanctiond the sale as soon as conveinent.
JAP by W P

September 27, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gentlemen
Your favor to Mr Phillips came to hand last evening with Moncton Kelly & Co note dated Sept 10th ’49 for $3229.92 payable in 6 mos for 59 bales sold them. And directions to send the 49 bales TO/M#} [approximation of symbol] to Central Manufacturing Co. Plainfield Connecticut care of Providence & Worcester Railroad Pawtucket which has been this day forwarded accordingly. Annexed please find duplicate invoice of same the original having been sent to the purchaser at Plainfield Ct. I have notified the railroad co that I would pay the freight to Pawtucket: here.
JAP by WP

September 27, 1849
Agt Central Manufacturing Co
Plainfield Connecticut}
According to instructions from Messrs Chase & Lewis Providence, I have sent to the railroad depot this day 49 bales of cotton directed to your co. care of Providence & Worcester Railroad Pawtucket. As pr annexed invoice and have requested the railroad co. to send bill of freight to Pawtucket to me for payment.
JAP by WP

September 28, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis,
Dr Sir,
Yours of 27th came to hand last evening and this morning I have sent to railroad depot the 11 bales cotton as above. It will no doubt be in Providence tomorrow.
JAP pr WP

September 28, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentt,
Your favor of 26th inst came to hand yesterday the contents have since been made know to the Messrs Leonards and although they both say that they did not understand that they were to pay wharfage & drayage on the oil yet they have paid the same and the charge in your a/c is now cancelled. Messrs Rodman & Leonard remarked that if they had so understood the offer they should not have sold the oil at the price they did to you. Our oil market remains in a very quiet state and I have no sales to report.
JAP pr WP

September 29, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor 27th came to hand this morning with J Taylor cashier check for three thousand dollars which is to your credit this day.

The Republic is here and will proceed to Warren the forepart of next week for another load of your whale oil after which I shall engage some other vessell to take the balc. The cask partly full per Republic last time should have been so mentioned in the invoice from Bartlett & Son it was put down ullage cask 64 galls measured in. I have nothing new to report upon the oil market. Sales of sperm very limited at former prices. In whale oil rather more is done but still the market has been unuasly quiet for the last two weeks. The favorable news from Europe, for whale especially I think will bring [p?d] purchases the begining of next week.
JAP by WP

October 1, 1849
Mr Jacob F. Chandler
Sir
It will not be conveinent for myself and Mr. Phillips to come down to Plympton at this time. You will please send us your account, and I will forward the money to Mr Thatcher at Middleboro or you can come to New Bedford yourself, as you may think proper. You will please send to Mr George H Hoppin of Providence pr railroad two bales of print cloths, say one bale of the poorest of the 47 bales made first by Chandler & Dean average quality, and one bale average of what you have made and write to Mr Hoppin how many bales you have of each kind of which the two bales are intended as samples.
JAP by WP

October 1, 1849
H. Ludlam Esq.
Dr Sir
I received your favor 29th the cotton is hung up at New York with an easterly storm. Cotton such as the best lot rules 12 to 12½¢ not very brisk. Having advised to close up sales my cotton, I think proper to take off my limits of 11 cts and leave you to act as you think best try for offers when you can get an offer that will answer in your oppinion close it up you will have to spend a little while time with the cotton brokers to accomplish sales. I do not expect any thing favorable to cotton by the next steamer & the southerly a/cs of net & drouth worms are distroying cotton crops. I cant pay much respect to such news.
JAP

October 2, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Sir
Your favor 1st is received by last evening mail. This morning I proceeded to deliver the cotton at the depot. @ 10 o’clock I received a telegraphic dispatch not to send the 35 bales. Haveing about half delivered at the depot concluded I must send the lot forward as it must be sold at Providence. At 11 o’clock I received another dispatch to send it forward. It will all be on board by the time the cars leave this afternoon. I like L Allen better then the former Allen (as I consider I have eggs enough in one basket). The storm yesterday kept the cotton in New York yesterday & cannot arrive before tomorrow. I aprove your sale from the whf. The invoice you receive from Mr Ludlam will be the original marks at New Orleans as purchased. Of you can sell by those marks it will be desireable if other nay you must do the best you can regarding weight &c. Is it all sold excepting the 92 bales.
JAP

October 2, 1849
Mr H. Titus Esq.
Dear Sir,
Having Your several favors have been recd concerning the side walk. I am satisfied it is a great improvement, and it ought to be done; I have requested Mr Tisdale to do the needfull without delay when in New York last week.
JAP

October 3, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
I have this day drawn on you at sight without grace for two thousand dollars favor of J. B. Congdon cashier and on the first inst drew on you in favor of Frederick Parker sixty seven hundred six 26/100 dollars at 4 mos both of which drfts you will please to honor and charge to my a/c. No change in the oil market. I have not found a customer for your dark oil as yet.
JAP by WP

October 3, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Sir,
Your favor of 2d is before me. The drayage of the cotton in New York is 7¢ per bale, freight 25¢. If the cotton is in bad order, you must make it satisfactory to the purchasers; I have noticed cotton about the streets not more than ¾ covered with bagging; there appears to be no falling off in price in New York; sales at full prices, so says the papers, by Providence & Boston sales at advance prices. It looks as if present prices will be maintained.
JAP

October 3, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gent,
Your telegraphic dispatch I recd about 2 oclock. I proceeded to deliver the cotton to the railroad depot. It will leave tomorrow under your directions for the Wattuppa Mills. I suppose you obtained a good price.
JAP

October 3, 1849
Geo. H. Hoppin Esq.
Sir,
I have directed my factory agent, Mr. Chandler, to send you two bales of my printing cloths as samples of what cloths I have on hand at Plympton; one of which is an average of 47 bales of 25 ps. ea, about 800 yds in each, intended to be 60 x 64 but are somewhat irregular and a little imperfect but on the whole of fair quality; thou 47 bales were made previous to my making quite large improvements on the machinery since which I have made about 350 bales which are first quality 60 x 64 exactly and are all well wrought and perfect in every particular; of which the other bale I send you is a sample. The cotton used to make them was about two grades better than is commonly used for same number of yarn. For these 350 bales I want a little extra price over the common print cloths, say ¼¢, or if you cannot get that say 1/8 per yard extra.

After you have examined the samples, please inform me the highest price you can obtain for each quality, undoubted paper, or money. As I have held them so long, I want a good price, or I must hold them a little longer.
JAP pr WP

October 4, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gent,
Yours of 3d inst is received. I have this morning sent up the balance of the 34 bales cotton to railroad, directed to “Wattuppa.” Fall River. Annexed you have invoice of same.

I have instructed the freight to Fall River to be charged to me & collected here.
JAP pr WP

October 4, 1849
Messrs William J. King & Co
Dr. Sirs,
I here inclose to you J. B. Congdon cashr check on the Providence Bank for $1347.89 being the amt of collection of S. Thomas & Co note due on the 3d inst.

My cotton is all sold, only 92 bales on its way from New York to Providence.
With much respect, I am yours &c
JAP

October 5, 1849
Mr George W. Rhodes
Sir,
Your favor per last evening’s mail is before me with Mr Watterman’s offer of 11¾ ¢ which I have concluded to accept. Should be glad to sell by original weights in New Orleans. I suppose Mr W. will hold on to have it reweighed. However, I think best to close it up, this being my last lott: Only about 100 bales saved for my own factory.
JAP

October 5, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gent,
Your favor of 4th is before me. The report here is that the Falmouth sale of sperm oil, is to Kingland of your citty. The holders here ask the same price, no movement in whale oil; money is verry close here, which was the occasion of my drawing on you at sight. I may in all next week have occasion to draw for a few thousand dollars more, as nothing but sight drfts will fetch the money.
JAP

October 6, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 4th came to hand this morning with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars which is to your credit this day. The Republic will probably be loaded this day with your whale oil at Warren. No change in the oil market, the last sale of sperm is reported to have been made at Falmouth, to Kingsland of New York @ 115¢.
JAP pr WP

October 8, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gent,
Will you please to settle the above dividend & pay my note, whatever balance, please pass to Mr. Congdon’s cr. on your books.
& much oblige
JAP
order for Philadelphia Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad Div.
order for Housatonic Railroad Div.}

October 8, 1849
George H. Hoppin Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your favor of 5th is received. Your offer obtained is not as much as I expect to get. I want 5¼¢ for the best & 5 for 2d quality or must keep them a little longer. I shall wish to here from you occasionally the sales of goods & have your oppinion concerning the future prices &c &c. Should you sell my goods I shall wish to be notified when you measure. I will write my agent to be present as I pay him by the yd for manufacturing.
JAP

October 8, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Dr Sir
Your telegraphic dispatch of this date I have this moment received. I have a sample bale of each quality of my printing cloths at George H. Hoppins in your city but none here. The quantity I hold at Plympton is about 50 bales of 2d quality & about 400 bales of 1st quality about 800 yds each bale. I have written Mr Hoppin this day that I want 5¼¢ for the best and 5¢ for 2d quality or I must keep them a little longer. You say “send samples of first cloths I can sell them” but you do not say at what price. I do not wish them sold at present under the prices named above to Mr Hoppin.
JAP by WP

October 9, 1849
Mr Linden Cook
Fall River}
Sir,
By request of Messrs Chase & Lewis, Providence, I send you bill of 34 bales New Orleans cotton, to Wattuppa Manufacturing. Co., Octo 4, ’49 receipted.
JAP pr WP

Oct 9th 1849
Mr. H. Ludlam
Dr Sir,
Your several favors of 3 & 4th together with your two baskets peaches, which were very fine. You will please to accept my thanks. Your Aunt Mary joins with me & wishes to be kindly remembered to your family. Having closed up sales my cotton all but what I have saved for my factory, I am now in the Providence market for sale of cotton goods printing cloths which I have a large lot the price has advanced 25 pr ct the present. I think I shall sell soon the 92 bales not yet arrived at Providence. I hope the sloop is or was in a safe harbor. It appears you have had a tremendous blow in New York. I have no particulars of the storm. I hope the sloop & the 92 bales of cotton is safe which is sold at Providence 11¾¢.
JAP

October 10, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gent,
Your favor of 8th is recd with your a/c which is found correct. I here inclose you J. B Congdon check on the Providence Bank for one hundred twenty 04/100 dollars, which is the amt of your bill.
JAP

October 10, 1849
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro
Gent,
On the 8th inst I recd by Mr Congdon, my note to Philadelphia & Baltimore Railroad Co. & interest
Say-----------------------------$924.89
and your check for--------------42.68
[total]---------------------------$967.50
Say nine hundred sixty seven 50/100 dollars it being the dividend due on my shares of stock in the above named road.

And this morning I have your favor of 9th saying that the Housatonic dividend ($400) would be placed to cr of Mr Congdon this day, which is satisfactory. I shall come to Boston, as soon as I can make it convenent to leave.
JAP

October 11, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Sir,
Yours of 9th postmarked 10th came to hand last evening. I am at a loss to know where the vessell having the 92 bales cotton on board can be—though I think she is safe or we should have heard somthing about hir. I have written to New York to know when she left there. Annexed I send you coppy of the invoice as weighed in New Orleans which may be of some service to you in reweighing the cotton.
JAP pr WP

October 11, 1849
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
I drew on you the 9th inst in favor of Thomas Mickell Jun., @ 3 d/sight for thirty six hundred eighty 17/100 dollars, which you will please to honor & advise in your next when paid.

The verry bad weather for the last week has no doubt prevented transactions in the oil market, as I hear of verry little being done in either kind; some small sales of whale @ 46 to 47 for best quality. I have not yet had an offer for your dark whale oil; but little is done in sperm oil. I heard of a sale of 100 bbls inferior on Monday @ 108¢, cash down, sold to close up a concern.
JAP pr WP

October 13, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
This morning I have your favor of 11th with check on Suffolk Bank Boston for two thousand dollars which is to your credit this day.

Our oil market still remains verry quiet. No sales of sperm under 115¢ except a small lott (100 bbls) poor quality sold @ 108¢ cash to close a concern. In whale oil but little is doing. Small sales at 45, 46 to 47¢ according to quality terms of pay int &c. A small cargo of humpback oil was sold this week at 42¢ cash. The “Republic” and “James Bennett” both sailed from Warren last Saturday afternoon with whale oil on board for you.
JAP pr WP

October 15, 1849
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gentlemen,
Your several favors including that of the 28th August have been duly received & their contents duly noticed. The amount of your account of advances to Mrs Colby & Mrs Dow say rix 2342.19 gr. I have placed to your credit due 8th August. The order of Jonathan F. Austin on Charles W. Morgan agent of ship “Condor” has been presented to Mr Morgan who informs me that he paid over the balance due sd Austin to a man in this city immediately on settlement of voyage, per order from sd Austin for the same; and Capt Taber did not make any objections or estimate to Mr Morgan that Austin had sold his interest in the Condors cargo to Capt Fish or any other person. Capt Taber has gone on another whaling voyage and Mr Morgan declines having any thing to do about the orders you forwarded to me, and I do not see how any thing can be obtained from him. I am pleased to notice in your last that whale oil would sell in Bremen @ 20 rix pr bbl and that whale bone sold at 51 rix pr 100 lbs which prices will help out the poor voyage of the ship Alexander Barclay”. I notice you intend fitting out the Joseph Hayden on another whaling voyage which if done at a small crew and you are so fortunate as to obtain officers I have no doubt will result more advantagious to you than any of your former voyages. The great excitement in this country about California and the gold mines is taking out of the whaling fleet nearly one third of the whole number besides a great portion of our best officers & men are abandoning the whaling business and fleeing to the land of gold. All this will have its effect on the oil market some two or three years hence and whoever is so fortunate as to have a full cargo of either kind of oil will make great voyages. The present price of whale oil here is 46 to 47¢ for first quality and 41 to 42¢ for ground tier dark and South Sea oil. Bone is 35 to 36¢ and in good demand. Sperm oil 110 to 115¢ per best quality. The stocks are about the same as last year at this time. No decided oppinion can be formed as to next years prices until after we get the news from the North West coast and Japan Sea. The present season the prices however must remain high on account of this California excitement unless a very large quantity of oil has been obtained this season by our right whalers which is not calculated upon here.
JAP

October 18, 1849
Capt Paul West
Dr. Sir,
I have not had the pleasure to receive any of your favor’s for the past year and consequently no dividend or any account about my 5/6 of a share in “Straight Wharf.” Will you please to inform me on receipt of this, the situation of said wharf and whether there has been or will be any dividend for the year 1849.

I received notice yesterday from Charles P. Swain Collr that I was taxed by your assessors $10.88¢ which they say is now due; will you please look at the assessing books and inform me for what I am taxed. I do not now own any property in Nantucket, except the 5/6 share of Straight Wharf.
JAP pr WP

October 18, 1849
Charles P. Swain Esq.
Dr Sir
Your favor of 16th inst is received informing me that a tax is assessed against me in your town of $10.88¢ which is now due. Will you please inform me what property I am taxed for, the valuation of said property & the rate of tax, and I will immediately attend to the payment of whatever may be rightly due from me. I believe that I do not own any property in Nantucket at this time except 5/6 of a share of Straight Wharf.
JAP pr WP

October 22, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Your favor of 19th with Washburn & Co drft on Willis & Co Boston for two thousand dollars came to hand this morning and your a/c is credited accordingly. The bbl of 30 gallons which you did not find was started in Warren. It was found leaking when uncovered and our young man had it started into the Rioh which you received. In his hurry to make out the invoices he omitted to mention the circumstances. Above you have invoice of the balc of the whale oil at Warren which is probably now on board schr Adelaide as she started from here for Warren on Thursday last. It is true that some few lotts of sperm oil has been sold in Boston, Fairhaven, & other places under 115¢ but I very much doubt if a good article could now be purchased in New Bedford under 115¢ the last news from Europe has rather stiffened up the ideas of holders and they appear to be determined to hold on untill winter unless 115¢ can be obtained. The whale oil market remains about the same sales quite limited prices do not fall for a prime article. Manufactured oil is in good demand and sales are made at 54 to 55¢ for winter whale & 115¢ for sperm.
JAP by WP

October 23, 1849
Lemuel Goddard Esq.
London}
Dear Sir
Permit me to introduce to your acquaintance the bearer Mr Gamaliel Lincoln Jr of this city and son in law to Timothy G. Coffin Esq. Any civility shown to Mr Lincoln will be duly reciprocated by your
Obt Servant,
JAP

October 23, 1849
George W Rhodes Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your favor of 20th came duly to hand the contents of which I take due notice. In regard to the bale of cotton which the Woonsocket Co say is missing from the lott of 151 bales sold them, I can only say that I delivered the whole no of bales to the railroad depot of which fact I have satisfactory evidence in various ways the last of which is that I have reexamined all my receipts and deliveries of cotton from the beginning and find all correct. The no. of bales I now have on hand exactly correspond to the no supposed by the a/cs. I have also pd the freight on the whole no. of bales as per invoice and have the Woonsocket Co notes for the same and as I have no doubts about having sent the cotton as per invoice to the railroad depot and that it was all received there by their agent I do not see that I have any thing to do about it, but to leave the matter to be settled between the railroad company and the Woonsocket Co. I have information from Boston that my printing cloths will sell for 5¢ 5¼¢ per yard.
JAP pr WP

October 23, 1849
Thomas J. Coggeshall
Dr Sir
I have received a protest of N Coggeshall & Co note for $650 due @ a Providence Bank on 22d inst. The note I had discounted at the Merchants Bank in this place; they sent it to Merchants Bank Providence for collection. I rely on you to take it up without delay. When I discounted the last note Mr Phillips and myself supposed it was to take up this protested note. I am sory you had not applied it for that purpose. I have supposed all the notes I have discounted for you were made notes to raise the wind.
JAP

October 25, 1849
George W. Rhodes Esq.
Sir,
Your favor 24th is received. I had no idea I should have heard any thing more about the bale of cotton they having made there bill of freight to you for the full amt of my invoice they had received Why did they collect the frt on one more bale then they had received. Why did the Woonsocket Co give there note for one more bale then they received (as to the legal point I cannot decide. One thing I do know makeing out a bill for freight agreeable to my invoice is a good acknowledgment they had received the cotton. They colected freight on the other parcle. It is evident took no a/c of it if they had they can or aught to show the marks of the missing bale. If you have commited yourself by a promise to make good the missing bale, I have no wish to throw the burden on you. Taking the whole transaction as it is I ought not to be troubled about it. It is in my oppinion a matter for the railroad to settle. I have not received the a/cs sales last sales cotton.
JAP

October 27, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Your favor of 17th came duly to hand with drft on Jos. Dunbar & Co for six hundred twenty one 39/100 due 10/13 Apl next which has been accepted and is entered to your credit in due course. Mr. Knights left this city yesterday morning for Boston since which time I have not heard from him. Enclosed I return the telegraphic communication. I do not hear of any transactions in sperm oil to day. It is probable that I can sell your dark whale oil at 42¢ per gallon for Hunting & Tufts note (Boston) @ 4 mos interest added. I know but very little about the standing of the above named house except that they have for a long time been in practice of purchaseing oil in this city and Fairhaven on their own credit and have thus far promply met all their engagements. I have sold them oil a number of times and they paid me promptly as agreed. Shall I sell them the oil, if they wish to buy it on receipt of your reply, please advise by return mail. If the oil belonged to me I think I should sell it to them on time without an endorser.
JAP pr WP

October 27, 1849
Cyrus Lothrop Esq.
Dr Sir,
I have received a protest of L. Drakes note due 22d from Suffolk Bank for $609 9/100 which I look to you for payment without delay. I am not going to look after L. Deane any further.
JAP

October 30, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Your favor 29th is received. Also your telegraphic despatch of yesterday. I shall hold the dark whale oil at your limits but do not think I shall have any opportunity to sell at that price.

The Republic being here and in some haste to go to New York I concluded to give him a load of the Canton Packet oil previous to your letter presuming it would be satisfactory to you. Capt Sowle will be ready to sail tomorrow morning with a full load of the sperm oil from the Canton Packets cargo & principally with the cask that Mr Bartlett wishes returned which was one reason why I loaded the vessell previous to receiving your instructions. I have tried the market to day and find the holders firm @ 115¢ refilled.
JAP by WP

October 31, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor 26th inst with check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars came to hand on Monday morning the 29th inst. I have duly considered upon your order to purchase one thousand bbls sperm oil and five hundred bbls whale oil and came to the conclusion that nothing would be gained by waiting until the 5th or 10th of next month as evry purchase made had a tendency to stiffen up the prices and after making through examination of the quality & prices of both kinds in this market & Fairhaven I have purchased 500 bbls of selected N.W. whale oil @ 46¼¢ per gallon which oil is superior to any other in this market and although I could have purchased common selected oil at 45 to 45½¢ I considered this the cheapest for you. It is now going on board the schr Henry Gibbs to sail day after tomorrow. I have also purchased of Gibbs & Jenney about 775 bbls of sperm oil at 115¢ refilled and it is decidedly the handsomest oil on this river; besides I consider the Fairhaven gauge about one per cent better than New Bedford gauge. Sanford & Howland and some other manufactures here have purchased & worked some of this same cargo of oil & pronounced it to be the very best oil they ever had and found a great gain in the gauge especially the pipes. I have also purchased about 220 bbls sperm oil at Fairhaven from Leonidas cargo @ 114¢ refilled. This oil is not so handsome as to color but very good oil; which makes up about the 1000 bbls you wanted and will be shipped by the Index & Adelaide in a few days. The Republic will not come to Albany again this fall. Before purchasing the sperm I made nearly two days efforts to purchase at a less price but could not obtain a gallon at less than 114¢ this side of the river, and not refilled. (examined and found it would take 1 to 1½% to fill) or 115¢ refilled and it was my decided opinion that oil would not decline but would be more likely to advance. I hope what I have done will be satisfactory. In making the above purchases I have been obliged to pay a large amount of money, say about $10,000 in a week from yesterday and you will oblige me by making your remittances as large as possible. Please send me by the first vessell a keg or half bbl of the same kind of crackers you have heretofore sent me made of good flour. On Friday last Mr Knights was here and purchased of I. H. Bartlett & Son about 1750 bbls sperm oil Canton Packets cargo on private terms, but it is ascertained to be 115¢ one percent off and not refilled which I think would be full one per cent.

Enclosed I send you duplicate invoice of the sperm oil purchased of Pardon Tillinghast in August. Now shipped per sloop Emily eeady to sail. You will please credit my a/c with extra charges $64 20/100 dollars due this day.
JAP by WP

October 31, 1849
George W. Rhodes, Esq.
Sir,
Your favor of 26th is before me, contents noticed. Being entirely satisfied that the cotton was delivered according to my invoice and was all shipd the mistake is in the three last cars with 21 bales in each car, which were to be delivered to Providence, not to Woonsocket. The statement here is undoubted the cars laden with 21 bales filled the cars, no more could be put in the cars. The lumpers that unloaded the cars say they were all full, no room for more. Two cars 21 in each & one car 20 bales. How do you account for the diff. Cars same bigness, cotton bales the same; I believe they misscounted. I have no idea any mistake at this end of the line. If they insist on payment from you, I agree to bare you harmless. I must then site in the president of the New Bedford Railroad to defend. I think as I stated to you before that it is a matter for the railroad to settle among themselves. The presdt of the railroad appears to be willing to do right in the business being fully convinced the bale of cotton has been forwarded. I shall be at Providence next week. I am sorry to remind you again that I have not recd the a/c of the last cotton with the note; what is the market for good.
JAP

November 1, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentleman,
I wrote you yesterday, to which I beg referance. Annexed please find invoice 97 casks N.W. whale oil shipped pr Schr Henry Gibbs, which vessell sailed this morning; amount to your debit under date of Octo 30th $7,431.89 which please to enter in conformity, if found correct.

The Index is now loading a part of your sperm oil at Fairhaven; I do not hear of any sales of sperm oil since yesterday; but 114½¢ has been offered for 800 bbls Franklin’s cargo. The owner will not sell at less than 115¢.
JAP pr WP

November 3, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of Oct 31st covering Washburn & Co drft on Willis & Co Boston for three thousand dollars came to hand the 2d inst. Annexed I send you bill sperm oil purchased in Fairhaven as advised say 124 cask of Gibbs & Jenney $28,066.66 to your debit Oct 30th and 47 cask of J. T. Hersey & others $7823.01 to your debit Oct 31st 49. About five hundred bbls of the Gibbs & Jenney lott, is now on board sloop Index ready to sail this morning & the balc will be shipped pr schr. Adelaide as she arrives. Our whale oil market is quite active and sales were made yesterday @ 47¢ which price is now refused by holders of handsome oil. Sperm oil remains the same holders very firm @ 115¢ refilled sales very limited.
JAP by WP

November 6, 1849
Messrs Chase & Lewis
Gentts,
Your favor of 5th with Messrs Hiscox Pierce’s note @ 6 mos from 28th Sept fo five hundred nineteen 11/100 dollars came to hand last evening and is entered accordingly.
in full for bill 11 bales cotton}
JAP by WP

November 6, 1849
Lewis L. Hodges
Dr Sir
I have received this morning your favor of 1st inst with tax bills &c on my lot in Buffalo paid by you amounting to $14 10/100 dollars for which I send you my check enclosed. You will please accept my thanks for attending to this business and hope you will find no difficulty in using my check.
JAP pr WP

October [sic]10, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 8th I received this morning with check on Suffolk Bank Boston for twenty five hundred dollars to your credit this day. I do not think that butt pipes will sell here this fall for much more than the freight but from present appearances they will be in demand at fair prices next spring. As it regards the 5 cask whale oil at Warren I have written to have it sent to Albany, if any vessell was bound there this fall if not to send it here but have not received any reply. Our oil market remains the same as when I last wrote. I do not here of any sales except a lot in Boston from Provincetown @ 111½¢ cash. I do not understand why the Cape Cod folks sell so low. I know there were purchasers in Boston ready to pay a cent or two per gallon more for it at the time if the quality proved good.
JAP by WP

Copy
November 6, 1849
Messrs A & A. Lawrence & Co
Gent,
Mr William F. Dow thinking his interest will be advanced by extending my letter of credit to him on you for six months from 1st November inst I hereby guarantee the payment of all the goods he may purchase of you for six months from Nov 1, 1849.
JAP

November 6, 1849
Wrote to Messrs Read & Chadwick of Boston
The same as above to A & A. Lawrence & Co.
Wrote to J. W. Paige & Co., New Bedford Nov 6, ‘49
The same as above, to A. & A. Lawrence & Co.
Wrote to Dewey Rice & Gardner, New Bedford Nov 6th ‘49
The same as above to A & A. Lawrence & Co.

November 6, 1849
Messrs Sayles Merriam & Beaver
Boston
Gent,
Mr William F. Dow informs me that in the prosecution of his business here, he finds it convenant to purchase goods of you on credit; I take this oppertunity to inform you that I consider him trustworthy, and I will guarantee the payment of all the goods he may purchase of you for six months, dating from the first of November inst.
JAP

November 8, 1849
Matthew Bolles Esq.
Sir
Your favor of 6th is before me, with the bonds of the Norfolk County Railroad. Some of the stockholders hold back, they wish to know if all the stockholders have come into the arrangement & taken their share of bonds according to arrangement.
JAP

November 13, 1849
Mrs Joseph McCleave
Madam
Your favor is recd. Enclosed I send you my check for fifty dollars on account of Capt McCleave, from whom I hope to hear some favorable news soon.
JAP pr WP

November 13, 1849
Capt Charles F. Brown
Dear Sir
I have been expecting to hear from you some thing about the five casks of whale oil at Warren, to be sent to Albany, for a number of days past. This afternoon I was informed by the Capt of the schr Adelaide that he had seen the sloop James Bennett, Capt Ingraham at Newport direct from Warren bound to Albany without having the oil on board, which very much surprised me, as I was verry particular to request you to see that the oil was sent by that vessell if she was going to Albany agin this fall. If no vessell was going again to Albany this fall by which you could send it, then you might send it to New Bedford. Please inform me by return mail what is done with it, why it was not sent by the James Bennett, & what chance there is for sending it to Albany, & if no chance to send to Albany, what chance if any to New Bedford.
WP pr JAP

November 14, 1849
M. Bolles Esq.
Dr Sir
Your favor with the bonds for the subcribers in this city for the Norfolk County Railroad have all been received and will be paid and on Monday or Tuesday next I shall forward you a check on the Suffolk Bank for the amt.
JAP

November 15, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 14th is received; Capt. Sowle sailed this morning with about 720 bbls of your sperm oil on board. If the wind continues as it now is, he will be at New York about as soon as this reaches you. The writer went down to Howland Candleworks a few days since (by request of Mr G. Allen’s son) and looked at six casks of head matter; found it to be verry hard & stout head, the colour of 3 casks was not so good as common, besides the same three casks had a little strong taste & smell, otherwise I called it verry good head; it was reported that you had a sample of each cask, so you have had means of judging of its colour & smell. In regard to the Saratoga’s oil, I cannot tell at what price the common portion of it would sell, probably 43¢ for the dark & ground tier on time, but not cash, & 44 to 45¢ for the next quality above but in all cases purchasers in this market require time with interest, & unless the oil is sold for shipment abroad payment is generally recd in notes from 3 to 12 mos. As I have had no ships arrive the past year, the purchasers of oil who have heretofore been in the habit of calling on me before purchasing no go to others, and therefore it is seldom I have offers for oil and am not aware that purchasers are in market untill I hear of some sales being made. As soon as I can obtain an offer for any of your oil, I will inform you. In sperm oil but little has been done for two weeks past, some 4 or 5 small parcels has changed hands @ 114½ to 115¢ holders of a good article are firm at the latter price. I think there will be no falling off in price for handsome oil at least. The recent news from the wright whale fleet will probably have some effect to prevent a further advance, but the quantity is not so large as to allarm holders at present.
JAP pr WP

November 15, 1849
Thomas J. Coggeshall
Sir,
Your favor of 15th is received with William M. Snow & Co note, which I did not expect to see a second time. Supposing that you must be much in want of the discount, allways desirious to accomodate you have concluded to discount said note. I must request you not to apply for any more discounts from me, you must accept this notice, for I cannot be troubled with such business.

As to the missing note, I only know that I defaced it and enclosed it to you. I will give you any discharge you may wish.
JAP

November 16, 1849
Capt Charles F. Brown,
Dear Sir,
I am in receipt of your favor of 15th which explains satisfactually the reason why the 5 casks of whale oil did not go by the “James Bennett.” You mention that it can be sent to New York by the sloop Vermont next Tuesday. You will please ship it by that vessell to New York, to care of Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co, & they will pay the freight, which you must engage as low as possible. The oil will probably go on board of a towboat for Albany. I shall write Judd’s Sons & Co & you must tell the capt to call on them before landing the oil in New York. Please take the gauge of the oil and forward to me, when the oil is on board & oblige
JAP pr WP

November 17, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast,
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 15th inst with check on Suffolk Bank for twenty five hundred dollars came to hand this morning. The schr “Adelaide” sailed on Thursday morning with the balance of your sperm oil on board. My correspondent writes me from Warren that the sloop James Bennett had left without taking the 5 casks of whale oil on board. The captain being uncertain about going to Albany, declined taking it on board. I have ordered it forward to New York, care of Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co. to be sent up to you by tow boat, or otherwise as they think best.

I have no alterations to advise in the oil market. The prices remain the same; small lotts of sperm are sold almost every day @ 115 to 114½ according to quality. Whale oil quite brisk at former prices.
JAP pr WP

November 17, 1849
Matthew Bolles Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 13th came duly to hand: I have finished collecting the money for the Norfolk County Railroad bonds sent to me under date of 6th inst,
viz from William Rotch---------------------------$505.50
from Ward M. Parker-------------------------------505.50
from Joseph Grinnell-------------------------------505.50
from Isaac Howland Jr. & Co.-------------------1314.30
from Samuel Borden--------------------------------303.30
from Jonathan A. Parker--------------------------1314.30
[total]-----------------------------------------------$4448.40
Say forty four hundred forty eight 40/100 dollars. For which amount I send you enclosed J. Taylor cashr check on Suffolk Bank for twenty five hundred dollars, and J. B. Congdon cashr check on same bank for nineteen hundred forty eight 40/100 dollars, both of which are endorsed payable to your order, all of which I hope will be satisfactory.
JAP

November 19, 1849
Moses Wood Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 17th inst with check on Merchants Bank Boston for two hundred fifty five 91/100 dollars, it being dividend on a/c of the late firm of Jonathan A. Parker & Son from esate of E. Wade came to hand today.}
JAP pr WP

November 20, 1849
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
Your favors of 16th & 17th are received, contents noticed. I shall try to sell some of your oil, if any person appears to purchase & will pay a satisfactory price, say 300 to 350 bbls. It has been verry stormey for the last 36 hours and is not yet good weather. There is more annimation in the sperm oil market, yesterday and today there are plenty of buyers @ 115¢ refilled, but holders ask a little more if they fill up again; Edward M Robinson bot the entire lott per Ann Alexander (1248 bbls) terms private, presumed to be about 113¢ all round, considerable portion of the oil is dark. About 600 bbls fair oil was sold on Saturday @ 115¢. I do not hear of any thing doing in whale oil. I drew on you this day favor J. B. Congdon cashr @ 2 mos. for two thousand dollars, which please to honor. There is 5 casks of whale oil in Warren belonging to Wickes & Tillinghast which I have ordered sent to your care in New York, to be sent up to them pr towboat, which I will thank you to attend to. Gauges 275, 262, 275, 248, 270 = 1330 gls. I do not know the name of the vessell by which it will be sent.
JAP pr WP
[p.s.] advised them of the death of Joseph Dunbar Esq. &c.

November 21, 1849
Mrs. Abby T. Hoeg (New York)
Yours of 20th is received. Above I send you my drft on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co for twenty five dollars as requested.
JAP pr WP

November 21, 1849
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gent
Your favor of 20th is received. I will sell you two hundred & fifty bbls of dark and ground tier, North West whale oil, imported pr “Saratoga,” at 44¢ per gallon, your notes 2, 3 & 4 mos with interest added. The oil will be principally dark color, the same as J. A. P. sold you last June, only the casks are larger, though not very large; the balance ground tier, not sweet. Your answer by return mail.

There were sales of whale oil to considerable extent on Monday & Tuesday @ 44, 45 up to 47½¢ for a fair article.
WP

November 22, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Your favor of 21st is received. When I have occasion to draw on you again I will make the drfts to fall due in the months you mention. Since Tuesday large transactions have taken place in sperm oil & whale oil over 3000 bbls of the former, all at 115¢ the largest portion of which is for export: plenty of purchasers for good oil at same price: Sales of about 2500 bbls of whale oil at prices not yet transpired. I have sold 250 bbls of your darkest & poorest whale oil to Hunting & Tufts Boston @ 44¢ on time with int, will be delivered to morrow. There probably is two to three hundred bbls more in your lott that you would call second quality which I shall select & sell if a satisfactory price can be obtained. The Republic is here and will load immediately with the balc of your sperm oil of Bartlett, and finish from your whale oil.
JAP by WP

November 23, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent
Your esteemed favor of 21st with check on Boston Bank for four thousand dolls is recd and the amt is to your credit this day also with bill of cracker’s $3.85¢. Your five casks of whale oil from Warren has been shipped to care of Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co New York, to be sent up to you the cheapest way possible. Gauges 275, 262, 275, 248, 270 = 1330 gls. I hope you will receive it in good time.

Since I last wrote you there has been large transactions in sperm oil at 115¢ pr gallon, leaving only about 3000 bbls in this place & Fairhaven & 775 bbls in Westport for sale, higher prices is now demanded. Most of the recent purchases has been for shipment to London. Large sales of whale oil at from 44¢ for dark and ground tier not sweet, up to 47½¢ for good quality, mostly at 46½¢ up to 47½¢. The demand is good for both kinds of oil at the above prices.
JAP pr WP

November 23, 1849
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gentts,
Yours of 21st is recd annexed please find invoice about 250 bbls dark whale oil sent this day to the railroad depot. You will please send your notes payable to Jonathan A Parker or order 2 3, 4 months 1/3 each and oblige
WP

November 24, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts,
Your favor of 22d & 23d inst is received. The former with invoices of the two last lotts of empty casks for “Republic” which I have thought best to hand over to Mr Henry F. Thomas one of the late firm of J. Dunbar & Co. they having received the first lott and commenced disposing of the same. I think Mr Thomas obtained 1½¢ pr gallon for the few he has sold. He will account to you for both lotts and I think will do better with them than any other person here. I take particular notice of your remarks about whale oil in your last and shall act accordingly. There has been further sales of sperm oil @ 115¢ leaving only about 1000 bbls for sale in this market, none in Fairhaven, and only 775 bbls in Westport. Falmouth oil is sold to Frederick Parker sales of whale oil @ 47½¢ balc Hoyna’s cargo. Holders of handsome N.W. are holding @ 48¢ and talking about 50¢ pr gallon. Stock 8 to 9000 bbls. The Republic is still here. She has on board the balc of your sperm oil & about 418 bbls of your whale oil from Saratoga’s cargo.
JAP by WP

November 27, 1849
Jacob T. Chandler, Esq.
Dr Sir
Yours of 26 inst is recd. If nothing takes place to prevent, Mr Phillips or myself will be at Providence on Friday next. You will please enquire at the counting room of Messrs H. & R Lippitt near the Providence Bridge.
JAP by WP

December 1, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 28th inst came to hand yesterday with check on Suffolk Bank Boston for three thousand dollars which is to your credit. I am pleased to notice that my last purchase of whale & sperm oil gave satisfaction as to quality &c. and hope to be informed in your next that the 5 casks whale oil from Warren has safely arrived. Since I last wrote you the demand for sperm and whale oil has continued brisk and sales of sperm have been made @ 118¢ which price is now freely offered 120¢ asked. Whale oil is selling at 48¢ for selected No West.
JAP by WP

December 5, 1849
E. M. Chaddock Esq.
Dr. Sir
I have at last obtained the Hybernia’s a/c of inward cargo of said ship & find it correctly calculated. One charge incorrectly charged, that is a commission of one per cent on the sale of the inward cargo $447.77, which I object too altogether; It is a new charge never before made since we owned the ship. A full commission will of course be chgd on the outfits of said ship, amt about 500$ @ 2½ pr ct. His statement about a charge to sailors is no justification for the above charge, for he is bound to make all the savings for the owners, so he has done no more than it was his duty to do. Mr Gibbs intimated that you have consented to it. I think it is too late in the day to introduce a new charge against the ship $447.77 never before thought of. We in our counting room have made no such charge against owners of ships interested with us in ships, for the last twenty years, please answer this as soon as convenient.
JAP

December 11, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 26th ultimo came duly to hand: not having any thing in particular to communicate, I have not addressed you since the 24th ultimo.

I have not found a purchaser for any more of your whale oil: on examination I find a few casks more of dark oil over looked when the last was delivered say 928 galls and about 1000 bbls not quite sweet and as near as I can assertain (the largest portion of the oil in a low shed not room to start the bungs) that there is about 125 bbls of No 2 prehaps not quite as much. This last quality I shall hold at 46¢ cash or 47¢ time and the two former I shall sell for something less when a customer appears. As near as we could figure it took about 50 gls more oil to fill the 250 bbls sold than what was pumped out when it was stored. The market for whale oil has been rather quite for a few days past holders remain firm at previous rates. In sperm there were several transactions last week mostly made by Kingsland of your city say 750 bbls at Westport @ 118¢ and 800 bbls at Fairhaven reported @ 120¢. 215 bbls on Monday last week for export @ 118¢ as near as I can asserctain the quantity now on hand is about as follows in New Bedford Jonathan R. Wheaton 670 bbls E. C. Jones 400 bbls Ows Saratoga 200 bbls C R Tucker & Co 400 bbls J. H. Howland 250 Fairhaven about 700 Westport 150 in all 2770 bbls. The above holders ask 120¢ some of them more. I suppose some would accept a little less as the oil was obtained in right whalers. The Republic is here idle.
JAP by WP

December 14, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Yours of the 7th inst with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand on Monday the 10th inst. I called on Messrs Gibbs & Jenney and read them your remarks about the cask marked T 140 galls. They appeared to be supprised that any whale oil should be found in any of the oil sold me, for you, as they had employed the gauger to examine and weigh every cask before hand and he reported it all pure sperm oil. Altho some of the casks did not quite come up to standard and probably this was one, but he did not discover any apperance of whale oil. Messrs Gibbs & Jenney have handed me a check for $13 80/100 dollars amt of diff value of 20 galls whale oil for sperm which I pass to your credit this day and they hope this will be satisfactory to you. The sale of 800 bbls sperm oil in Fairhaven last week is said to have been made to Kingsland of New York @ 120¢ instead of 118¢ as supposed by the Shipping List. No sales reported since, whale oil dull with ainxiety to sell at present rates.
JAP by WP

December 15, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
I recd your favor of 13th inst this morning with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars which is to your credit. I supposed that you had recd the 5 casks of whale oil before the date of your letter, as I have a b/lading dated Novr 20th signed by Capt. Gurney of sloop Midas of Providence, which vessell was then in Warren bound to New York via Providence. I shall send copy of b/l to Judd’s Sons this day, tho I think the oil has been dld to them before this time as will probably be in Albany before this reaches you. No change in the oil market worth reporting, holders firm @ 120 to 122¢ for sperm, whale rather quiet.
JAP pr WP

December 15, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gent,
Enclosed I send you bill lading for 5 casks whale oil shipped to your care for Wickes & Tillinghast Nov 20th for sloop Midas of Providence Capt Gurney. I am informed by W & T that you had not received the same and that you had no knowledge of them when you last wrote to them. Will you please to enquire if the above vessell has arrived at New York and inform me. I have nothing new to report about whale or sperm oil. No buyers in market.
JAP by WP

December 20, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Your favor of 18th is received. I am in receipt of a letter from Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co dated 19th inst in which they inform me that the 5 casks of whale oil had been in New York for some days & that it would be shipd to you on that day. I hope it will reach you safely after so long time & so much trouble to all concerned.

I have nothing new to report about the oil market. The stock of sperm is reduced below 2000 bbls in first hands and but little expected during the next two months, prices firm @ 118 to 120¢.

The stock of whale oil is also verry much reduced I think not over 4000 bbls for sale on both sides of the river; price 48¢ for selected N.W. We shall probably have large supply’s in March & April.
JAP pr WP

December 21, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
Your telegraphic dispatch came to hand yesterday. and yours of 19th I recd this morn. I am glad to hear that the 5 casks of whale oil is on the way to Albany, after so longtime & so much trouble to all concerned. The Republic is loading with your whale oil. She will be ready to sail Saturday morn. It is the general opinion here that sperm oil will not decline, as the quantity expected the next two months is verry small, viz
from Western Islands, say 2000 bbls
& by ships to arrive here & Fairhaven about 4000 “ 600 bbls
& from 6 to 7000 bbls may be expected at Nantucket by the first of March next. Mr Robinson had not sold his sperm oil (Mr Phillips will look at it this afternoon and report to you tomorrow. Should not think it best to stock casks for this market.}
JAP pr WP

December 21, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
I wrote you yesterday in answer to yours of 19th and yesterday afternoon the writer called on Mr E. M. Robinson & examined about 600 bbls sperm oil. He found the lott to be of good quality take it together, 32½% head, which appeared to be all good, tho not quite so white as the body which is verry good oil, with the exception of three or four casks which are not sweet, and two or three rather brown. No dark oil that I could see, it was mostly so thick that I could not had to use a stick instead of a glass. Mr. Robinson informed me that all of it came from cargoes of sperm whaling ships, and though he did not tell me so, I assertained that about 2/3 of what I saw came from the Ann Alexander’s cargo, but Mr R. had taken out all the black and poor oil which leaves the lott now offered a verry good lott, as he wrote you it was. Mr Robinson said you could have the oil provided it was not sold when your answer was recd. He is to refill it and put it in order for shipping. It is all in his candlehouse shed & will have to be trucked down to my wharf. If you buy it, I find that I unrated the cost of stocking casks, in my letter of yesterday. The cost of stocking would be 5¼¢ pr bbl including hoops for bands. I have conversed with a number of persons about stocking, and am more confirmed in the opinion that you would not gain by having it done.

I do not hear if anything new in the oil market to day. I am told that the ows of ship Atlantic at Nantucket are offering hir cargo of sperm oil (2000 bbls) but do not learn the price.
JAP pr WP

December 21, 1849
Capt Matthew Luce
Dear Sir,
If the contemplated road from Allen’s Mills to Cedar Street New Bedford, should finally be laid out by the commissioners & should said road cross my land, I will give my land free of charge, by having the walls put up, walling out the road or high way against my land.
JAP

December 25, 1849
C. A. Heineken & A. Heineken
Your several favors have been recd. Since my letter of 15th Octo yours of 14th Octo & 14th Nov. have been received the contents duly noticed, since which we have been sorely afflicted by the sudden death of Joseph Dunbar on the 18th of November. The week ending 17th Novr he had been remarkably well and attending to his business through the week. Saturday morning 17th he complained of not feeling as well as the day before and did not go down to his counting room on Saturday, he was up and dressed as usual. Lockwood & Maria spent the afternoon with him and left as it began to be dusk. Soon after his wife sitting by him, he wished to get up, raised partly up, then said lay me down, he laid back and died immediately without a groan or a struggle. His loss to his family and friends is verry great for he was much loved by all who knew him. Sophia his widow has sold most of hir furniture & gone home to hir father’s where she expects to make it hir home with hir children. The company will be desolved on the first of January. Their business will be settled up in the usual way, they have considerable shipping interest, it will be sometime before it can be closed. Charles Dunbar is at California. I only know that he is there, therefore I can give no particulars concerning him; Capt Thacher is there. I can say the same of him and C.D. All the members of my family are enjoying the blessings of good health. I myself can say I have no recollection of enjoying a year of better health than the past. I hope you can say the same. Your Aunt Mary does not enjoy perfect health. She doth not enjoy good rest at night, hir food distresses hir at times, the silver cup is safe, will be sent by the first conveyance directly for Bremen.

Regarding business matters, our ships but few in port, many gone to California great & small, a number have been fitted for whaling but few expected to arrive before March & April, some good voyages coming, as many poor voyages as good ones, my ships take then all together never prospects so poor. Our oil market, the stock never was so low as at this time since I have been in the business. Sperm oil has been going at since July from 1$ to 118¢ the present price. Whale oil has gone up as much, when our right whale ships began to arrive, whale oil sold @ 33 to 34¢ poorest, selected 35 to 36. It is now held at 46 to 48¢ there never were a better time to make money by oil than the present season. I thought the article too high to meddle with it; some of my neighbors have made somthing very handsome. Your Aunt Mary sends her best love to you and all the children, Tommy & John are good boys and are making good progress in their school.
With much love I remain yours
JAP
P.S. I shall duly honor Capt. Heyer’s drfts for recruit of ship Alexander Barclay, provided any appear. Enclosed you will find my a/c current in U.S. currency, made up to Dec 31, ’49. Balance in my favor of $1002.13, which please to enter in conformity if found correct, and also forward your a/c in rix dollars & oblige
JAP pr WP

December 25, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Since I wrote on the 21st inst I have none of your favors. Mr Phillips then reported quality of Mr Robinson’s sperm oil, since which I understand Mr R. has sold 300 bbls @ 118¢. C. R. Tucker & Co have sold all their sperm oil @ 115¢ (rather inferior) to a manufacturer here; I am also informed that the owners of ship Atlantic at Nantucket have sold 1400 bbls of that cargo at from 115 to 117¢, not first rate oil. The only lotts of sperm oil that I know of for sale here are A. Ashley 2d (Saratoga oil) 5000 gls William Phillips has 250 bbls first quality in all respects} and about 800 bbls, balc of cargo in Fairhaven. Whale oil is rather dull though the quantity is verry small. I do not yet find a customer for your 2d quality whale oil. The Republic sailed on Saturday morn, and is last reported lying at Newport, where she was during the storm on Saturday.
JAP pr WP

December 27, 1849
William Eddy Esq.
Dear Sir
I have your note of yesterday making enquiry about the stable near the house recently occupied by Joseph Dunbar. As I have only to refer you to Jonathan H. Clifford Esq. who transacts all business relating to the estate of J Dunbar for Mrs Dunbar Admx.
JAP by WP

December 28, 1849
Messrs Ball Tompkins & Black
Gentts,
I here enclose you my drft on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co for two hundred sixty four dollars being the amt your bill for sett of silver to Mrs Allen.
JAP

December 31, 1849
Messrs H & R Lippitt,
Gentlemen,
Annexed you will have bill of 51 bales print cloths sold you on Saturday by Mr Phillips amt (less brokage) nineteen hundred fifty nine ninety four dollars, for which you will please forward note @ 6 mos less your bill storage labor &c.

I have concluded to hold the other 47 bales, which are a trifle better made, calculating that they will go off with my best goods at same price.
JAP by WP

December 31, 1849
George H Hoppin Esq.
Dear Sir
I have concluded not to sell my print cloths at present @ 5¢ and therefore request you to hold them all this week at 5¼¢ 6 mos (undoubted paper.) If you sell, the 47 to 50 bales which are a little inferior (now at factory) must be included at same price, and the allowence for shrinkage (if any is required) to be according to the remeasurement of the two bales now with you pr certificate of Providence Canal Bleaching Co Nov 30th 49 about 6½ yds to the bale. If you do not sell at 5¼¢ during this week I will give you further instructions afterwards.
JAP pr WP

December 31, 1849
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Your favor of 20th inst with check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars came duly to hand on 22d inst, and yours of 27th with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank for five thousand dollars I recd on Saturday 29th inst. The price of sperm oil during the last week was 118¢ at which price all that could be obtained was taken by Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co & others but holders of what little remains then & now ask from 120 to 122¢. No sperm oil of good quality has been sold at less than 118¢ for the last month, all that was sold under (including the lott quoted @ 113¢ was from wright whalers poor quality &c. In whale oil but little is doing those having it on hand are rather anxious to sell on a/c of the favorable news recd from Sandwich Islands pr last California steamer. I have no doubt that there will be a chance in the spring for the young man of whom you to go on a whaling voyage, not however before April or May one or more ships and will take him on same terms as other boys of his age. Very few if any ships sail sooner than May. I shall forward your a/c made up to Jany 1, 50 next mail.
JAP by WP
P.S. Mr. Knight purchased about 1150 bbls of sperm oil last week in this market @ 118¢ and offered same price for some of good quality
WP

December 31, 1849
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentleman
Since Mr Knight left here I have not heard of any transactions in crude sperm oil. The ship George Howland arrived last week with 1450 sperm. I have not yet heard at what price Mr Howland would sell. Mr Mayhew from Westport informed on Saturday that he had accepted your offer for the same and send it here to be shipped to you at New York. He said that it was a first rate article with the exception of small quantity of head. I shall forward your a/c to Jan 1, ’50 in a day or two.
JAP pr WP

[Transcriptions converted to HTML format by Mark Procknik, 11 November 2010]