John Avery Parker Letterbook

1848

Preface to the Transcriptions:

The letterbook of John (or Jonathan) Avery Parker & Son begins in November 1845 and ends in November 1851. In 1848, the partnership between John and his son Frederick was dissolved by mutual consent, and letters subsequent to that date are John's only. It also includes letters written by Parker about business dealings and investments, notably the Plympton Cotton Mill. Most of the letters relate to Parker's activities in whaling, but his investments in textiles, railroads, and real estate in several states are also featured.

The letterbook is a large volume (16.5" x 10"), bound in brown leather with a gold-stamped design. It contains 255 sheets. The letters were composed by John Avery Parker (JAP), his son Frederick (FP), and their employee William Phillips (WP). The original letters would have been written by one of these three men, or perhaps dictated by them to a clerk. The letters in the letterbook were then copied, usually by clerks, but frequently by Phillips and occasionally by one of the Parkers. Letters that are in J. A. Parker's own hand are noted.

Although the letterbook is generally limited to business correspondence, the Dunbars, Coggeshalls, and Heinekens feature prominently.

Because the letters were copied, we cannot be sure that they match the originals precisely. For that reason, I have felt free to make more changes than my editorial training would normally permit. To make letters more readable, I have inserted periods at the ends of some sentences where they were missing, and I have regularized capitalization. In order to make the letterbook searchable without tagging, I have expanded abbreviations and regularized spellings of terms that readers might search for: the words sperm, whale, and railroad are always spelled out, though Parker’s clerks frequently abbreviated them. In addition, the names of cities, ships, and people and firms with whom Parker corresponded are spelled out and corrected where necessary. All other spelling errors and abbreviations have been retained.

The dateline of all letters includes “New Bedford.” This has been omitted. Datelines have been regularized and are included in full for each letter. Letters were generally signed “Yours Respectfully,” “Respectfully Yours,” or “Yours.” These lines have been omitted, but other closings are transcribed.

As yet there is no systematic attempt to annotate the letters. When correspondents are identified, in order to verify the spelling of their names, whatever information was found about them is included.

Preface and transcriptions by Beth Luey, volunteer
New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library

Transcriptions for 1848

January 1, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentt
We wrote you a few lines yesterday since which 700 bbls sperm oil have been sold @ 105 as filled. One parcel was filled in July last & the other in November. There are plenty of buyers @ 105 but sellers exact some money & short credit.
[no signature]

January 5, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
Yours of the 29th ult with check on Suffolk Bank for $1381 1/100 dollars is received and the amt placed to your credit on J. A. Parker books by which your a/c with him is balanced. Enclosed you have our a/c current for the past year showing a balance in our favor of $109 685 80/100 dollars which if correct please enter in conformity. We find we have about 8000 dollars to pay by the 20th of this month & if you could make it convenient to remit the above amt (say 4000 as soon as convenient after reception of this letter and a similar amount to reach us by the 15th to the 20th) we should be greatly obliged, in fact we should be glad to have as much as possible this month, and if necessary you might not remit in February, as we have no payments to make after the 30th of the present month before the first of March, tho we can always use any money you have to spare. Sperm oil 105 with considerable sales stock reduced to about 3000 bbls. In whale oil no change in price since we last wrote you. We have credited you with $20 obtained for a try pot belonging to Mr Penniman.
[no signature]

January 4, 1848
Nahum Stetson Esq.
Parker Mills}
I send you by the sloop Passport the above bill scrap iron which I think you will find to be good it being mostly bolts & ship iron. I wish you on receipt of this to cr the same to my a/c deducting the freight, which I understand Dunbar & Co. pays & make up my account & send me the balance.

Mr Durfee has a bill of about $9 which if correct I will pay & you may credit me with it. The bill was handed Mr Coggeshall last spring.
JAP pr WP

January 6, 1848
Mrs. A. T. Hoeg, (Brooklyn N.Y)
I have received your favor of 4th regarding your husbands share in the oil sent home from the ship Phenix. The amount will be about $90. It is sold on 6 months credit; when paid. I will send you your share if you wish it.
JAP

January 7, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Dr. Sir’s,
Your favor of 5th is before its contents duly noticed. I suppose the news from England will depress the price in New Orleans; when the best time to take hold is hard to tell; I leave the purchase of cotton to your direction as you have a better oppertunity of knowing the prospects of future prices than myself. We have only to exercise our best judgement and wait the result.

Money is becoming so close, I am discouraged in going beyond my first order, one thousand bales, & he, Mr Lazenby must, if he draws, not draw large amounts together, he must spread them apart as much as he can, not more than $5000 at one time &c. I will write you again soon.
JAP
P.S. I do not believe that there is a single person in this city disposed to give orders for the purchase of any of the articles you mention, tho perhaps there might be if money was not so scarce.

January 8, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Yours of the 6th inst is received and we notice the purchase you have made in Warren, in which we think you have been fortunate as it is much better than could have been done in this market, the price here being 105 without refilling. You do not mention in your letter if you wish us to insure the oil. If you wish us to take the risk you will please notify us pr return mail otherwise we do not consider we insure it. We have charged you with insurance pr Republic say on $21538.85 @ 3/8 $80 77/100 dollars. We learn 700 bbls of the oil at Westport has been sold to the Messrs Kingslands of your city @ 105. The Inga’s cargo was sold yesterday to E. M. Robinson thought to be @ 104 cash down price however has not transpired.
[no signature]

January 10, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
Yours of the 6th was received on Saturday, and the amount enclosed (say draft on Boston for $6000) six thousand dollars to your credit on that day the 8th inst for which please accept our thanks, as we can assure you it was very acceptable. The only sale of oil in this place was 300 bbls @ 104½ cash down 700 bbls at Westport @ 105 & 1000 bbls at Warren at 103. The stock now in New Bedford & Fairhaven does not exceed 3000 bbls which is held firmly @ 106¢ on the usual credit adding interest.
[no signature]

January 12, 1848
Messrs William J. King & Co.
Dear Sir’s Having just returned from Providence & finding my factory agent returned from my factory & has been down for the purpose of settling up all the bills at the end of the year & taking a/c stock &c. he finds 7 bales of the cotton bought of you 18th Octo which our foreman in the mill has layed by, & which he sayeth he cannot work, he has worked two bales by mixing it up with others, & we have two other bales bought of you some time ago which they cannot work: Will you please to send me five bales such as will make good work—no. 32 64 & 68 picks. I find by refering back I have never bought of you only one lott of cotton such as my foreman approbates. I know you gentlemen know what I want better than I can direct. I must now have such cotton as will work up some of our present cotton or I must send it back & sell it for what I can get. I have a sample from the mill, which they say is a fair sample. If so it is not worth 6¢ pr lb & even not that price for me. Please to forward the 5 bales per railroad by way of Taunton, to Middleborough Four Corners & directed to the Plympton Cotton Mill, send a bill by mail to Messrs Parker & Ellis Plympton. Inform them when the cotton leaves Providence & when likely to arrive at Middleborough Depot, for they have but one bale cotton in the mill they can work. I will send over the sample the first oppertunity.
JAP

January 14, 1848
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gentt
Since our respects of the 15th ulto we are without any of your favors; presume you have written pr the Washington, which vessel is looked for with much anxiety. Mr Nye daughter and a son of Gideon Allen of this place took passage in her. We have a report from the N West fishery as late as August up to which time most of the fleet heard from had done remarkably well, quite a number of the ships having taken about 2000 bbls; the Alexander was full and we expect her to arrive by the 10th of February; we do not see either of your ships reported, but hope you will have your share of good luck. There is no material alteration in our market for whale oil the price being firm @ 36 to 37¢, tho there is not much doing, and it is not expected any sales of consequence will take place before we have fresh arrivals. Whale bone has declined, and during the last week about 50000 lbs have been sold @ 26½ at which price a similar quantity might be purchased, but there does not appear to be much confidence in the article. We are much disappointed in the accounts received from our fishery as we must confess we did not calculate the average would be over 600 bbls to a ship, and as there were 107 ships less on the N West than the season previous, we have been of opinion a better feeling would show itself about this time. We can however form no very accurate opinion of the fleet, those on Kamchatka not having been reported. On the other side please find your a/c for the past year, showing a balance in your favor of $227.89¢.
JAP & Son

January 14, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen
I enclose you Mr Congdon’s check for $ 301.44
& drft at sight on Geo. B. Upton-------$1198.56
[total]----------------------------------$1500
which amt please to pay on my stock in New York & New Haven Railroad. Please to say what I have to do to get my new stock & dividend from the Auburn & Rochester Railroad to intitle you to receive my new stock & dividends. What is the news concerning the Philadelphia Wilmington & Baltimore Road.
JAP

Copy
$1198.56

January 14, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Please pay Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro eleven hundred ninety eight 56/100 dollars at sight it being balance due me on acct.
JAP

January 14, 1848
Messrs Z. Parker & Ellis
Gentlemen,
I received a line last evening from William J. King & Co Providence, saying that they had sent to Middleborough Railroad Depot 3 bales cotton which was all they had on hand of suitable quality. It is probably at Middleborough by this time. You will send up for it immediately. I shall make arrangements to have some more cotton on the way before this is used up. Mr Ellis mentioned to the writer that a Mr Leach would contract to run the factory another year; will you please inform him that I should like to see him in New Bedford in the course of two or three weeks, or sooner if he pleases, for the purpose of arranging a contract to run the mill another year, provide you do not want to run hir any longer after the first of April.
JAP pr WP

January 17, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen
Yours of the 15th inst received. Enclosed I send you my certificate of 100 shares in the Auburn & Rochester Railroad, to be discharged from the New York Books of Registry, and entered on the Boston Books. Please attend to the same & oblige.
JAP

January 19, 1848
Mrs. Joseph McCleave,
Your favor of 17th is recd. The oil sent home by your husband has arrived and been sold on a credit, half the amt due 17th May, the other half due 17th July. Your share in the oil is about one hundred & fifty dollars, which I will pay you as it becomes due.
Yours Respectfully
JAP
[Joseph McCleave was master of Parker’s ship George.]

January 21, 1848
Messrs Z. Parker & Ellis
Gentlemen
I wrote you on the 14th inst. informing you that there had been sent to Middleborough 3 bales of cotton which I suppose you have received before this time. On receipt of this letter you will please send immediately to the Middleborough Depot all the cloth you have ready for delivery which I suppose will be about 107 or 108 bales. Mark them H & R. Lippitt, Providence and order them sent by of Fall River. If you wish to purchase the 10 or 11 bales which are piled by themselves and considered rather poor @ 5¢ per yard, you can take them out & send all of the remainder to Providence. Please forward invoice to New Bedford as soon as they are delivered at the Mid. Depot. I shall order 5 bales of cotton sent from Providence to Middleborough early next week. Please send up a coppy of invoice of the 3 bales of cotton from William J. King & Co. as I have not received any.
JAP pr WP

[no date]
Messrs H & R. Lippitt
Dr. Sirs
I have ordered my cotton goods shipped to you by rail road & steam boat by way of Fall River, about 100 bales more or less, which you will please to sell & dispose of them to the best advantage for first rate paper. I wish you to send me by way of Fall River 5 bales of good cotton (to Middleborough for the Plympton Cotton Mill) such as will work with cotton not good enough to work alone. The last nine bales cotton worked well. The cotton I have bought of you has generally worked well & proved better than I have bought of your neighbors. It is now winter time & having some poor cotton to mix in, I hope I shall not be disappointed in this little order.
JAP

January 26, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentt
Yours of the 24th is received with draft on J. Dunbar & Co for $660 96/100 dollars which is to your credit on J. A. Parkers books as cash June 2/48. We are advised by Mr Whitwell that he has sold you 650 bbls sperm oil which will be shipped after to-morrow most likely by the Republic. Sperm oil has been of rather dull sale the last two weeks in consequence of holders requiring part cash. Crocker offered a few days since for 600 bbls remaining of the Ploughboy’s cargo 105¢ 4 & 6 months which the owners declined. Whale oil selected 36¢ cents at which price about 2000 bbls have been sold since the arrival of the William Hamilton. Yesterday we are informed Slate Gardner & Howell of your city bot 1600 bbls ordinary oil on terms not made public supposed 33 to 34¢.
[no signature]

January 29, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentt We have your favor of the 26 and should have attended to your instructions in relation to the filling of the oil bot of Whitwell had it not been filled previous to reception of your letter. The Republic went over to take on board the oil yesterday morning, but as we have a stormy day to-day it is not likely she will be ready to leave before Tuesday next. Edward M. Robinson bot on Thursday last the balance of Atkins Adams oil 200 bbls (price not transpired) which is all the sale to our knowledge. Report states the cargo of whale oil pr Lancaster has been sold on private terms. You may consider we insure the oil pr Republic.
JAP & Son

January 29, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
When we wrote you on the 3 inst we did not expect to require any money this month but we now find we are as much in want of about 8000 dollars as we were last month, and should be glad to have you send us 6000 at your earliest conveniance say this week if possible. There is no change in oils since we last wrote you.
JAP & Son

[the following two letters are out of chronological order]
February 2, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
Your esteemed favor of the 29th ulto reached us pr mail of yesterday, under which date the check on Boston for two thousand dollars appears to your credit. Money is very scarce indeed, and tho we do not wish you to put yourselves to any inconvenience to remit we can use to good advantage such sums as you think proper to send us. We have had one very large failure Messrs Robinson & Sons and there is some fear we may have others. Sperm & whale oil are both dull of sale, but may be quoted @ 105 & 36; in fact a small sale of less than 100 bbls was made yesterday @ 105½. The New Bedford manufacturers are not working near as much oil this season as last, while their sales have been considerable larger.
JAP & Son

February 3, 1848
Messrs Brooks & Townsend
Gentt
Above you have J. A. Parker & Son draft for fourteen dollars on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co. which pays for the express to Nov 21.48. Please acknowledge receipt by sending bill receipted.
FP

January 20, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
Yours of the 17th with checks on Boston for 4000 dollars came to hand yesterday and under that date appears to your credit in a/c. Considerable sales of whale oil from William Hamiltons cargo @ 36¢ cash. Sperm 105¢ but without sales holders exact about half cash and purchasers offer to buy on time which has prevented any sales of late. We do not see any prospect of selling your casks but should there be any opportunity of disposing of them will write you, at present they are very plenty and can be bot @ 1¢ pr gallon or 1½¢ selecting every cask. J. Dunbar & Co have old casks now on hand bot of you in 1846 not having been able to sell them.
JAP & Son

January 21, 1848
L. L. Hodgers Esq.
Sir
We should be glad to have the tax receipts (on our land in your city) for the past year and if you will have the goodness to forward the same we shall be greatly obliged. Should you have been at any expense please state the amount.
JAP & Son

January 21, 1848
Capt James Shearman Jr
Sir
On the other side you will find your a/c made up to the first of January showing a balance due you under that date of $1391 90/100 dollars. You will find also inclosed your note for $500 which you will perceive we have charged you in a/c as given up. We have not credited the potatoes sent last fall not knowing the amount of your bill. If you will state the amount we will place the same to your credit or settle it when you are in New Bedford. The a/c’s from the Young Phenix are not very encouraging. She was last reported Augt 13th with 1400 only having taken 100 bbls since December.
JAP & Son [Shearman had been the master of the Young Phenix in the 1830s and became a part owner in 1844. In 1848 he was master of the Timoleon.]

January 24, 1848
L. Shaw Esq.
Sir
Your favor 22d is [blank space in original] agreeable to your request, I have paid the ballance due on my subscription to the Cape Cod Branch Railroad.

Please to say when we receive our certificates of stock, and how much short is the amt collected on the subscriptions to the road of the expense thereoff.
JAP

January 25, 1848
Mrs Abby T. Hoeg
Madam
Yours of the 23d is received. Above I send you my drft at sight on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co New York for thirty five dollars on a/c of your husbands voyage in ship Phenix which I hope will be satisfactory.
JAP

January 27, 1848
Capt Thatcher
Sir
Your favor 24th is received its contents noticed. If you can find a sutable vessell for any established line it might pay say: a vessell for the West India business. I think you might run your vessell out one year easy enough. I am told by a man who has made inquiry into that business that all the freight you can get out to the West Indies will not pay the port charges. A number of good coasting vessells, large schooners, have nearly run all out by the freight along shore, with corn, flour, coal and freight as they can ketch it along shore. In my oppinion if you wish to keep clear of debts, let vessels alone. If such a man as Mr Hillman had a vessell & wanted a master you might buy a peice, and hold your own. You buy into a vessell in the hands of a commission house, all you will earn will not keep your a/c good. If Mr Hillman would buy a part, and manage her, I should think there may be a chance to hold your own. I should before advising you to buy into a vessell to make business for yourself, you had better find some business at twenty dollars pr month than to get entangled with a peice of a vessel. Show this letter to Mr Hillman, & ask him to write me his veiws on the above subject & what he may recommend you to do.
JAP

January 28, 1848
Messrs H & R. Lippitt,
Gentlemen
Annexed you have invoice of 110 bales print cloths, sent you via Fall River Railroad, which I presume you have recd by this time. If you sell them on a credit, I presume you will make sure of undoubted paper, if you sell.
JAP pr WP

January 31, 1848
Mrs. E. W. Russell
Madam
Yours of 28th is received. Enclosed we send you thirty dollars on acct. of your husband L. S. Russell in ship Young Phenix.
JAP & Son pr WP

February 2, 1848
Jonathan Hillman Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor 28th is received the contents noticed in regard to aiding Capt Thatcher in buying a vessell, to give Capt Thatcher imployment. Your oppinion coincides with mine. A good vessel cannot be bought at a low price vitling manning & expense of your vessel, it will be near as much as last year, and your freights about half as much as a year ago. In fact our coasting vesels are making nothing any where I can hear from them. These of a no of vessels thus have run out, in fact. I would not thank a man for a vessel of 100 tons & be compelled to keep her a running. If Capt. Thatcher can obtain $20 a month in good employ will be better off then, than to get entangled with a vessell.
JAP

February 4, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentt
We have your favor under date of yesterday & have charged you with the $81 90/100 & 275 and given you credit for the 6 months ground rent $75. The Republic left early yesterday morning but we did not obtain the account of oil she had on board untill this morning tho we asked Whitwell for it several times and he promised to give it to us. Do not think we should have got it, had he not sold the balance of his oil as he was fearful we should find out the price, which we figured out without the least difficulty as soon as he sent us the gross number of gallons. The freight for the Republic is to be 20¢. The price Whitwell obtained for his oil is not public but supposed to be 105¢ purchased by Seabury for Kingsland. The sale of whale oil from Lancasters cargo proved to be only report, no such transaction having taken place. Edward M Robinson has been endeavouring to purchase 1000 bbls for the Macys of your city and we understand would pay 105 their paper, but there appears to be some hesitation about taking it, for his own paper he could buy 450 bbls from Lancaster & 600 from Ploughboys cargo both lots to be taken as filled when the ships arrived. The stock of sperm oil is now reduced to 1900 bbls in this place & Fairhaven 1600 in New Bedford & 300 in New B Fairhaven. Seabury paid Whitwell 105 as we have just learned. Since writing the above we have ascertained that Messrs T & A. R Nye have sold the 450 bbls from ship Lancasters cargo to Crocker @ 105 and Swift agent of the Ploughboy states he shall sell part or all of his this day.
[no signature]

February 3, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Dr. Sir’s,
Your favors of 29th ultmo & 2d Feby, are at hand contents noticed. I think my order’s is in good hands. I am willing to abide his judgement with what advice you may give him. His purchase of 25 bales or 26 bales of cotton I approve of; his paying more price for a better article also the 129 bales paid a little more price for a better article. I do not wish poor cotton. I do not understand how you classify the qualities. I want good cotton, in bright good order. The 26 bales shipping by the south port I approve of, when it arrives ship it here by the sloop Republic Capt Sowle, who is now on his way to New York. If he has left, ship it in a good vessell at a low freight. The other purchases I think best to ship as he purchases it, in good vessells under deck. These 26 bales I will insure myself. Please to inform me what is the prem. from New Orleans to New York then I will inform you about insurance. If there is not more than about 100 bales in a shipment I may insure them. As to any or much decline I do not look for any. If any change I think it will advance, however your house can judge better than myself. As to letters of credit I could open one in as strong terms as could be expressed by Mr. Congdon cashr of Merchants Bank, Mr. C having no correspondence with any bank or any responsible house in New Orleans, therefore he must be a stranger as well as myself. I presume I can open a credit with Judd’s Son’s for $15,000 which I shall ask them to do by this same mail. I suppose this will be as good as the same credit last year. Will you enquire if Mr. Congdon cashr check or the Mechanics Bank of New York send it out to New Orleans. I shall go to Boston on Monday. I may open a cr there with a house well known in New Orleans or with a broker; banks are tickilish concerns, they never give out their credit, only when they have the deposit in hand for the full amount.

I have shipped a barrell of cranberries by sloop Republic to be shipped on board the Washington to C. A. Heineken & Co Bremen, which you will please to get a receipt for.
JAP

February 4, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Having given Mr. Lazenby of the firm of Ludlam & Lazenby, who is now in New Orleans with my order to purchase one thousand bales of cotton, will you please to open a credit for him of fifteen or twenty thousand dollars, which ever sum you please, @ 5 or 60 days as he may have occasion to draw his drfts & I will see the drfts protected.
JAP

February 4, 1848
Mr. H. Lazenby
Sir,
Perhaps it may be necessary to say something more about a letter of credit. I authorize you to draw on me to the amount of twenty or twenty-five thousand dollars, at sight, or as will be most beneficial to me, payable in New York or Boston, or you may draw on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co, agreeable to the tenor of their letter of credit. I perceive from late advices from New Orleans that cotton has declined. I hope you have made further favorable purchases. I also notice that drfts on Boston @ 60 d/s are 2 or 2¼ dis & on New York @ 60 d/s 2 or 2½ dis. Sight drfts ½ or 1% premium. Therefore sight drfts or say 5 days would be much more favorable to me, there would not be more than three days delay by the drfts being sent here for acceptance, then I should have a day or two to prepare payment. I will propose another mode of payment, if will answer like cash. I will send you J. B. Congdon cashr check on the Mechanics Bank of New York, which would be as good as any man’s sight drft, or any bank check on a New York or Boston bank. I enclose Mr. Congdon’s certificate which may establish a credit for me in New Orleans, if not there are a number of houses in that city who know something about me, say the following, Jacob Barker Esq., Mr. Henry Blood, I. H. Field & Co & I presume many other houses, & there are some Boston houses who know somthing about me. Therefore I hope you will be able to establish a good credit in some way so as to draw at short sight (if you find it to my interest to do so) which according to last quotations would be a saving to me of over 2%.
JAP

February 8, 1848
James Shearman Jr
Sir
I have received your letter of the 21st of January and agreable to your request I now enclose you J B Congdon cashr check on the Suffolk Bank for five hundred dollars. FP

February 9, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt We are duly in receipt of your esteemed favor of the 5th inst and under date of yesterday have credited you with draft on Boston for three thousand dollars. We notice your remarks in relation to remittances and below give you a statement of our payments this month and next; but as we said in our last letter we do not wish you should in the least incommode yourselves as we can arrange our payments to suit your conveniance. This month we require 4000 dollars note on demand to be paid as we have the money. March 1 we have 8000 to pay also on the 4th 4000 & on the 12th 2500. We can however obtain an accommodation at the bank on part of the amt should we wish it or can take up any note before it falls due. Sales of 500 bbls sperm oil yesterday @ 105½ for 200 & 106 for 300. Sales of selected N.W. oil @ 35; should you require any whale oil this spring we are of opinion the best time to purchase will be about the last of February to the middle of March. There is now on hand in this district but 420 bbls sperm oil for which 106 is refused, part of it is held @ 107 without refilling and the balance @ 110.
JAP & Son

February 9, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby,
Your favor of 7th is at hand, contents noticed. I here enclose you J. E. Thayer & Brothers letter of credit for ten thousand dollars; the object of this letter of credit is that he (Mr. Lazenby) may avail himself by drawing at sight to save the discount on 30 or 60 day bills, & instead of paying 2¼ or 2½% on 60 day drfts, he will get a prem, for sight drfts. Or in other words I wish him to make his drfts @ 1 or 3 days sight, 4 or 6 days notice to pay the same. A sight drft on Boston we are entitled to the grace, in New York a sight drft must be paid at sight, which you will explain to him. Concerning Mr Congdon’s check on Mechanics Bank I want to know from Mr. Lazenby if Mr Congdon cashr check sent to him on Mechanics Bank New York will be as good or better than drfts @ sight, when I hear how they stand in New Orleans, I will send a check, if any thing can be gained from 1 or 3 days sight drfts. He must understand not to make his drfts larger than $5,000 so as to give me a few days to arrange payment. You will observe that Messrs Thayer & Brother refer to James Robb & Co. for information. I suppose they (Thayer & Bro.) are as well known in New Orleans as William Rotch Jr is in Boston. I hope & think I have provided the means to avail myself of the benefit of cash in New Orleans. I will repeat again I want cotton of good quality & in prime order, & not to be shipped on deck, nor landed in the mud.
JAP

Boston February 8, 1848 copy.

Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby, New Orleans
Gent,
You are hereby authorized to draw on us any time within sixty days for account of Hon. Jno A. Parker of New Bedford at sight or three to sixty days to the extent of $10,000 say ten thousand dollars, which we will accept on presentation. You will please advise any drft as soon as drawn.
J. E. Thayer & Bro.

February 10, 1848
Lewis L. Hodgers
Sir
We have yours of the 24th ulto with tax receipts enclosed for the past year for which please accept our thanks. We have no objection to let the land the same as last year if you think proper but wish to have the taxes promptly paid and should you hear of any opportunity to sell the land at a fair price will thank you to informe us. If you will pay the sewer tax when due and state the amt it shall be forwarded immediately.
JAP & Son

February 10, 1848
Messrs Samuel T. Tisdale & Co
Gentlemen
I have this day drawn two drfts, one at 10 days date, & the other 20 days date each twenty five hundred dollars, which is agreeable to our arrangements when last in New York.
JAP

[no date]
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gentlemen
Enclosed I send you my two drfts on Messrs Samuel T. Tisdale & Co @ 10 & 20 days date, each for twenty five hundred dollars, which please to collect & place to my credit on account of your H. Lazenby’s drfts for purchase of cotton on my a/c. I wrote you yesterday upon the subject of cotton &c. to which I now refer you confirming its contents.
JAP pr WP

February 11, 1848
Lemuel Goddard Esq.
Sir
Since my respects of the 30th of December I have regularly received your valued favors to the 14th ulto and take particular notice of their contents. I do not think the prospect looks very favorable as it regards oil & bone and have about made up my mind to have the same held untill the reduction of duty takes place unless the limits given in my previous letters are obtainable. The whale bone I do not wish sold less than £160 and in order to enable you to hold my property without inconveniance I shall not draw except a few small bills to accommodate my friends. I have under date of yesterday made a bill £47 say forty seven pounds sterling. Should I make other bills I will remit you when the amount sum is of sufficient amount to make it an object say £500. I have no object in drawing other than to benefit by the high rate of exchange, and in case I should make any bills and remit against the same I should of course wish you to charge the bankers commission. The stock of sperm oil in this country is about all in the process of manufacturing, and in this district we have not 200 bbls which is a very rare occurrence at this season of the year; the price is 106¢ at which several thousand bbls would find a ready sale. Whale oil is dull and a good shipping article might be purchased @ 32¢ whale bone 26½ to 27 at which prices there is a fair demand. The sperm oil belonging to J. A. Parker & Son you may sell @ 85£ if you think it advisable and prices should meet the above mentioned point.

Enclosed please find the 3d of exchange for £100 on Messrs Irens Brothers, the first of which was forwarded in my letter of December 30th.
FP

February 11, 1848
Messrs H & R. Lippitt
Gentlemen
Your favor of 9th came duly to hand. I am somewhat surprised to learn that my goods are so much below the standard, tho I have been aware that some three to six months since, they were making goods rather below 60/64 and of rather inferior quality, but supposed that they now were making them as good as those you previously sold for us, or those purchased by the Messrs Sprague’s last year; I think if you will examine some of the last numbers (say bale #160 & upwards) you will find the cloth much better & to count nearly or quite 60/64’s much better wrought &c. I cannot but hope that the bale examined was the poorest of the lott. After considering the matter, I have concluded it best to hold the goods and take my chance for loss or gain and therefore you will please have them placed where they will not remain safe and at the lowest rate of storage, untill further advise. In the mean time I shall be pleased to hear about the state of the market, your offer’s &c.
JAP pr WP

February 12, 1848
Mr. H. Lazenby
New Orleans}
Sir,
Your esteemed favor of 29th is before me: I have written you in & through your house in New York, requesting him (Mr Ludlam) to advise you in regard to my instruction leaving you to exercise your own judgement in regard to purchases of cotton, having made up my mind to purchase a thousand bales besides the 26 you informed me of. The last news advanced cotton 1/8, we think here, it has before this time fallen back as much or more: the scarcity of money will probably will affect the market and less purchasers will be made in the market unless somthing more favorable from England I think it will not advance. As I have made up my mind to purchase 1000 bales I shall not revoke my order; perhaps it will be well to purchase in small lotts a hundred bales, more or less, at once according as the prospect is of its riseing or falling. I rely on your judgement in the whole matter. I have written Mr. Ludlam with regard to the funds; I will repeat the substance to you. “My views are that subject 2¼ or 2½% discount is worth saving & the differance between paying such a prem, or saving ½ or 1%. I make the attempt to save a good commission. I will give you an account of where my funds are. I have in the hands of your house in New York $7000-8000, which you can draw for as you please, it is best to draw @ 1 or 3 days sight on New York, sight drafts must be paid at sight, not so in Boston, sight drfts are entitled to grace, so if you can gain 3 days in New Orleans you can gain 6 days at this end of the line. I have $15,000 in the hands of Judd’s Sons & Co. which can be drawn for in all next month. You may calculate to draw on your house to best suit you, & on Judd’s Sons & Co. the first drft of 5000$ you can draw for in the fore part of the month the remainder as you may require. Your credit on the Thayer’s, Boston, I shall have to provide for here. It will suite as well to draw one drft $5000 and send forward as soon as you please & keep the other off as long as you please. If more funds are wanting, you may draw on Judd’s Sons or your own house. In the mean time assertain what you can do with drafts on me payable in Boston or New York. I wish to be informed if J. B. Congdon cashr of the Merchants Bank, if his check on the Mechanics Bank in the city of New York, will pass or go as well as any bank check or private drft at New Orleans or New York at sight. You will please to send me the cost of the 26 bales as also the 129 bales also all the other purchases, for I wish to know the cost of my order as soon as I can; I may be induced to do something more if the prospect will warrant it. I do not want to do any thing more untill the foregoing order is completed. Please to inform me when you purchase & how you draw & sell your drfts.
JAP

February 14, 1848
Doct. L. C. Hewett
Sir
Your favor of 7th is at hand. I presume Mr. Allen is not able to incur a great expence on his son, having a large family to provide for. I shall be willing to help along with the expence. I must know what the amount of the bill will be; if you make a cure. If you do not effect a cure, no pay.
JAP [Parker may have been applying a principle of marine salvage here: “no cure, no pay.” If a firm failed to salvage a ship or its freight, they were not compensated for their efforts.]

February 17, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentt
Yours of the 11th has been duly received. The last sales of sperm oil were @ 106¢, and there is now remaining but 150 bbls of the old stock which is held by J. F. Terry of Fairhaven and for which he asks 109¢. There has about 500 bbls arrived the last week pr ship Mercury which we understand is for sale but have not heard any price named. Whale oil last sales selected on private terms most likely 35 to 36¢. The writer is interested indirectly in 3/16 of ship Mercury’s oil say 3/16 of 800 of whale and 500 sperm and should you like to have it can very likely send it to you @ the market price. The whale and sperm are said to good oil. Cash or 4 months adding interest would be the pay required. It is rather our impression the next sale of sperm oil will be @ 108.
[no signature]

February 18, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
We yesterday received your favor of the 15th inst with check on Boston for two thousand dollars which is to your credit. All the old stock of sperm oil has been sold and of 500 bbls arrived on the 11th pr ship Mercury 400 has been bot this week @ 108¢, leaving the stock in this district but 125 bbls which will most likely be sold to-day or to-morrow. There is not any whale oil in market of prime quality and but very little of any description. There will likely be arrivals of whale oil within the next week, and the ship belonging to our J. A. Parker is looked for the first vessel, have no doubt she will be here before the next week goes out. She will have 800 to 1000 bbls whale oil between decks, and from the character of the master should be of opinion she will turn out a handsome cargo. Whale oil selected would bring 36¢ readily.
JAP & Son

February 23, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Yours of the 19th inst with draft on Boston for two thousand dollars was received yesterday under which date you are credited with the same in a/c. Whale oil none in market of first quality. Sperm last sales @ 108 and there is now not a bbl of crude for sale in this district. A few hundred bbls if now here would readily bring 110. Since the date of our last the copartnership of J. A. Parker & Son has been dissolved. We shall wish to make up your a/c and place the balance to a/c with J. A. Parker, and any remittance as you may make you will hereafter please endorse payable to him, and charge the same to his a/c.
JAP & Son

February 26, 1848
S. Pleasonton Esq.
5th Auditor, U.S. Treasury}
Dear Sir,
Enclosed I send certificate for the passage of a destitute American seaman in my ship Alexander from the Hawaiian Islands to this port. Will you please give it your attention and oblige yours &c.
JAP pr WP

February 26, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Yours of the 25th instant is received. I will sell the sperm oil pr Alexander, about 400 bbls @ 110¢, and whale selected in tiers @ 38¢ provided the same is unsold on receiving your answer in a reasonable time. A part of the oil has been landed and is handsome, particularly the sperm which appears verry nice. The copartnership of Jno. A. Parker & Sons has been disolved by mutual consent of partners, and hereafter please place the rent of the house on 14th St. to my account, as it now belongs to me individually. There is no sperm oil in market except the above named parcel.
JAP pr FP
[p.s.] I have credited your a/c with acceptance of H. Lazenby’s drft under date of 25th Feby @ 60 d/sight for $6000 and charged you with the enclosed bill paid William F. Dow, under date of Jany 1, 1848.
JAP pr WP

February 28, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
Yours of the 24th with check on Boston for two thousand & thirty five 64/100 dollars was received on Saturday and the amount to your credit on J. A. Parker & Sons books shall make up your a/c and forward the same when we have occasion to write you again. Our J. A. Parker has the Alexander in with whale & sperm oil say 2400 whale & 400 sperm for which he is asking 38 & 110. We have paid Mr Thomas $35 64/100 & taken a receipt.
[no signature]

February 29, 1848
Messrs Perkins & Smith
New London}
Gent
Enclosed I send you Samuel Jeffers drft at ten days sight on yourselves for seventy two dollars payable to William H. Reynard under date June 6, ’47.Will you please accept & return the same or send payment by drft on New York or in any other manner agreeable to yourselves & oblige
[no signature]

February 29, 1848
E. Mulford Esq.
Dear Sir,
Enclosed I send you Ezekiel L. Curry’s drft, at 10 days sight on yourself for four hundred & sixty dollars, payable to William H. Reynard or order dated Lahaina Sept. 14th 1847. Will you please to accept & return the same to me, or send me the amt in a drft or bank check on New York as you may prefer & oblige
[no signature]

March 1, 1848
Andrew J. Morton Esq.
Sir
We send you by Mr Gardner our certificate of stock in the Nantucket Steam Boat Co and will thank you to forward a new certificate to J. A. Parker we having sold out to him our interest.
JAP & Son

March 2, 1848
Messrs Parker & Ellis
Gentlemen
Your favor of 26th came duly to hand with ten pieces of cloth which looks verry well. I notice your remarks about being nearly out of cotton. I have come to the conclusion that it will be for my interest to stop the mill; the cost of cotton and the price I am now paying for manufacturing amounts to more than I can obtain for the goods after they are made, in fact there is no sale for them at any price. Those last sent to Providence are now piled away, and will no doubt have to be sold finally at much less than cost. You will therefore make your calculations to stop the mill, by running off the stock now in the machinery; perhaps I may be willing to continue to run the mill provided I could have the cloth made in a first rate manner at not over 2½¢ per yard. I have some cotton now on the way from New York which could be sent down to Middleborough by railroad, provided any person was willing to run the factory @ 2½¢, but I suppose no one will engage to do it, and consequently I shall be under the necessity of stopping untill there is some better prospect of selling the good’s.
JAP pr WP

March 3, 1848
Mr. William L. Dean,
Sir
Since you were here, I have made up my mind to stop my factory at Plympton unless I can have the cloth made in a first rate manner at about 2 3/8¢ per yard. If you think you could perform the whole work in a satisfactory manner at the above price pr yard, I should like to hear from you.
JAP by WP

March 3, 1848
Mr. Thomas B Robinson
Sir
Your favor of March 1st is received. I have concluded to stop my factory unless I can have the cloth manufactured at considerably less price than I have been paying heretofore. If I can have the work done in a first rate manner at about 2¼ or 2 3/8¢ per yard I may be induced to continue to run the mill.
JAP by WP

March 6, 1848
H. Lazenby Esq.
at New Orleans}
Dear Sir
Your favor’s of 16th & 19th & 23d ultimo, have all been received in due time, the contents duly noticed. I am glad to find you have executed my order, or nearly so, with promptness; according to the late news by the Britannica, you made your purchases in the right time. Before this reaches you, you will have made up your accounts and have drawn for the balance which I suppose you will be about five or six thousand dollars more will complete the payment. If the quality is good and in good order I think I shall make somthing out of it. I approve of your shipment to New York, and you will please to continue to ship in good ships, if not already done, the balance. In haste it being election day here, will write you soon again.
JAP

February [sic] 6, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Dr. Sir’s
Your favor of 24th & 26th ultimo with the bill lading of 26 bales cotton (arrived) with your favor of 4th. I am glad to find that Mr. L. has nearly completed my order for the purchase of cotton and is shipping the same, which I approve of. (I am sorry I did not give Mr L. a line to Jacob Barker it might have renewed our old accquaintance.) I did not mean to restrict Mr. L. to each shipment of 100 bales. I approve his course of shipment, please inform me what the prem is from New Orleans to New York. I will make it here if it can be done as low as in New York. I calculate I shall keep the cotton untill fall, in which case I can have it shipped here and stored here, as I have store room sufficient of my own, as cheap or cheaper than the expences will be in New York. Therefore I wish you to ship it on the best terms you can. You may ship on deck if properly dunaged so that the water passes under the cotton, in good vessels, with good sails, with experienced men for pilots &c. I haste will write again soon.
JAP
P.S. When you ship cotton or any other goods to me please insert, to be dld on my wharf in the bills lading.

March 7, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentt
I here enclose you J. B. Congdon’s cashr check for eleven hundred & five dollars to make up my 6th installment of 10 pr ct. When at Boston I paid $395. $1105 makes up even installments you will regulate your books accordingly. I will send you the amt your acceptance in time.
JAP

March 8, 1848
Major E. Tucker
Middleborough}
Sir,
I have had some conversation with Mr Thomas B. Robinson of your place, to run my mill at Plympton, he refers me to you or more particularly to your foreman at your mill. He observed that he had worked a short time at Col Pierce’s mill. Please inform me of your opinion of Mr. Robinson.
JAP
[p.s.] Please state if he is reputed to be a man of good character worthy of confidence, and if you know any thing about his ability to pay anything on a/c of labour done on the stock in machinery, in case he should take the mill.

March 9, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
Gentt
Your esteemed favors to the 11th of February have been duly received and in reply I have only to refer you to the instruction’s given by the late firm of J. A. Parker & Son in regard to the consignments which I have in your hands for sale. Sperm oil 108 at which sales were effected yesterday taking the entire stock. Whale 35 to 36. Whale bone 27 and dull of sale.
JAP

March 9, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Treasurer MS & Railroad Co.
Dear Sir
I here enclose you Merchants & Farmers Bank check for three thousand dollars on the Shoe & Leather Bank also order on Jonathan E. Thayer & Brother for $2000 which amt you will send me a bond of Michigan Railroad, which was to be paid on the 1st March.
JAP
P.S. Gentlemen please to pay George B. Upton Esq. two thousand dollars as I advised you will much oblige
Your friend
JAP

March 9, 1848
Messrs Jonathan E.Thayer & Bro.
Dear Sir
I here enclose you James B. Congdon, cashier, check on Suffolk Bank being as I suppose the exact amount of Mr Lazenby draft on you for $5012.50 at one days sight. You have here enclosed my son’s bill on London for £400 which you will place to my a/c against my draft of $2000 to Mr. G. B. Upton. The difference between the two sums will settle afterwards.
JAP

March 9, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Enclosed I send you Jno A Parker & Son’s account made up to March 1st 1848, inclusive. Balance due eighty nine thousand six hundred sixty five 48/100 which now stands charged to you on my books; the company books being balanced. If found correct please enter in confromity. I have credited your a/c this day with three thousand dollars check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston. Sales of sperm oil on time int. added @ 108¢. I have sold all my sperm oil pr Alexander and about half of the whale oil the latter @ 36¢ proportion of cargo excepting the ground tier.
JAP pr. WP

March 10, 1848
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gentt
Your letter of the 5th ulto addressed to our late firm has been duly received, and at the request of my father that I should answer the same and give you his wishes regarding the oil & bone which you hold and which now belongs to him, the writer having sold out his interest agreable to per forma a/c sales rendered to settle with the crew so that you will perceive I git a very small sum for my interest. My father is of opinion you had better close sales of the oil next month if about 17 rx can be made unless you think it advisable to hold on, but as it regards the whale bone he does not wish it offered at present and continues former limits. Since the date of my last the Alexander Barclay has been reported at the Sandwich Islands latter part of September with 1800 bbls 50 sperm 800 last season, have no news from the Averick Heineken. The ship Condor arrived yesterday morning from the Sea of Ochotsk entirely full and reports whale’s without number. There were about 30 ships in the sea when the Condor left and should they all fill and arrive this season prices of whale oil will decline, but otherwise it will advance in the course of the year as it will nearly all be required for the consumption of this country and we shall not be depended on foreign demand. Present prices 36¢ whale bone last sales 27¼ 30¢ is now asked but 26 only offered.
FP
[p.s.] Lewis L. Fish bill of exchange for $1259 31/100 dollars dated Oct 8th 47 at ten days sight has this day been presented for acceptance and will be charged you in a/c by J. A. Parker of which please take notice. [?] at Lahaina.

[The following letter is in Parker’s hand.]
March 11, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Dr Sirs
I here enclose you Haftnell & Randalls drft on Samuel T. Tisdale @ 4 mo from 18th which you will pleas to get accepted and return by the first oppertunity your favour of 9th is recd the contents noticed. I approve your arrangement for shiping the cotton.
[no signature]

March 13, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro,
Dr. Sir’s
Your favor of 11th inst is received, the contents noticed. I here enclose you a check on Suffolk Bank for five thousand fifty seven 40/100 dollars which is the balance (if I am correct) due you. If the drft is drawn as the last one, @ 1 days sight, this drft is not due untill 15th. I should wish you to hold it over one day, as our bank is short at the Suffolk Bank. What or where is the best investment for a friend of mine say about $4000.
JAP

March 15, 1848
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gents
Yours of the 14th received with note for the bill of whale oil sold you the 9th. Intrest as above.
JAP pr WP

March 15, 1848
Henry Brown
Dear Sir
Yours of Feby 10th and March 13th are both received. We did not answer the first one, expecting the Alexander to arrive soon, when we could do so more explicitly. The ship has now arrived and cargo landed, but we have not decided on the time of her sailing again as yet but suppose about the 15th of April to first of May. We have not engaged the master and it will depend on his notions about the exact time of sailing. We have put down a berth pr your son and will write you when he will be wanted, when the time of sailing is assertained more definitely.
JAP pr WP

March 15, 1848
Thomas B. Robinson
Sir
Agreeable to promise I write you to let you know my conclusion regarding my cotton mill. I have concluded it may be best for us both not to complete a bargain. I find from your a/c you have little or no spare money and I know very well you cannot go into that mill with out money or first rate credit to begin with. Parker & Ellis say they must have pay for the stock they leave in part manufactured. They give me notice by there letter received to day they will not take you as pay master and advised me not to let you have the mill. They are men which I have confidence in there oppinion and shall act accordingly, therefore must decline letting you the mill.

I think it will not be easy for you to pay Parker & Ellis there bill. After that bill is paid you will go to Plympton without money or credit. You then I think will not be able to manage your mill without some one at your elbow to be answerable for your labor.

Having inquired of Col L. H. Pierce concerning youself he speaks very well of you. He sayeth so far as he has been acquainted with you, you have filled your place in the mill to the satisfactory of the owners. You will see my oppinion is, that you nor any other man cannot run a cotton mill without money or credit.
JAP

March 15, 1848
Jacob T. Chandler
Sir
I have concluded that I will run my cotton mill another year from the first of April next, when my contract with Parker & Ellis expires and I am ready to enter into a contract with you & Mr Dean to furnish the cotton at the mill free of expenses and pay 2½¢ per yard of manufacturing good print cloths number 30 or 32 yarn 60 threads warp & full 64 threads filling, at the end of each three months for all cloths so made: I am to know no expense in manufacturing the cloth or repairs on the machinery except on the main wheel shaft and gearing. You are to find and pay all repairs &c and keep the factory in good running order and repairs and provided you can make a satisfactory arrangement with Parker & Ellis about paying them the amt of labour on stock in process of manufacturing when you take of them without my being answerable to them for the amt. You had better go down to Plympton and make your arrangements with them and write me immediately wheather you will take the mill on the foregoing conditions with the addition of an allowance of 12½ for waste on the cotton that is you turn out 87½ lb of cloth pr every 100 lbs cotton dld (or will agree upon this point when we meet) which may be on the 31st of this month at Plympton where I shall be at that time to settle with Parker Ellis. I shall send some cotton to them soon.
JAP

March 16, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Dear Sir’s
Your several favors of 9th 11th & 13th are received. I have defered answering with expectation that I should have received through you or direct from Mr. L. some kind of information from Mr L. so that I could form some information of the cost of some of my lots of cotton, not even any invoice of the 26 bales therefore I could give no instructions what to sell at. I feel a disposition to scold a little, for I am entirely in the dark in the whole business, or nearly so. I have from Mr L. a/c of the purchase of 987 bales, 641 bales cost of $20,655.76, the remaining 347 cost about $11,500 on which he has advanced 6000$ and suppose $5000 will pay the balance which would make $32,155.76 & I supposed he might have to draw $1000 more to cover charges. At the date of his letter 23 ultimo he had drawn and recd remittances of $32,000. On the 11th Messrs Thayer & Bro. recd his drft at sight for $5000 which amt I had to provide for on Monday and send the same to Boston the same day to meet the drft. I have recd no advice of his drawing for the last 5000$ nor his intention to do so. I hope I shall receive an invoice or some further information on the subject.
JAP
P.S. I have recd H & R drft accepted.

March 18, 1848
Mr Thomas B. Robinson
Sir
Your favor of 17th is received. You had better make a bargain for the running of the mill before you threaten me very hard with the smart of the law of this commonwealth if you have yet friends to furnish you with money to commence & prosecute a law suit against me. I have no objection or neither do I care how soon you commence, you will not get possession of my mill the first of April or any other time. Your friends are scarce. I have made inquiry. I suppose of your friends or foes not a single man has advised me to lett you have the mill. I know you could not move one step with the mill without paying Parker & Ellis bill which is nearly $500 & then you would have to get some of your good friends that are responsible to be responsible for every person that worked in the mill. Therefore I hope you good friends you speak of will advise your best course.
JAP

March 20, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentt
Your favour 16th is received, enclosed a check on Boston for $2000, which is placed to your credit this day. As it regards oil it is not plenty to be had at this time. A sale on Friday last a lot of 400 or 500 bbls sold to C. & G. C. Crocker @ 108¢ a good article. I only know of one other lot about 600 bbls here for sale which is said they ask the same price if no more arrivals soon. I should not be disappointed if 110¢ is demanded. I have written you by the first mail to apprise you of the price demanded. I do not feel justified to pay such a price unless further information from you as to whale oil. A number of cargoes have arrived none of the first rate cargoes commendable has been sold by rejecting ground tier & the dark @ 35 to 36¢ for the ground tier & the dark 33¢ is asked and 32¢ is offered. I can not say what the firstrate N. W. oil if any what it can be bot at I will write you to morrow further about the price of whale & sperm oil. I can purchase your oil. I must require a little alteration: you must remit me the money for the new purchase so as to make good the cash purchases. If I can buy on credit you may have the benifit of the cr, in these conditions. I should be willing to purchase on the old terms. If to raise the money to make cash purchases which I must do. I think you must permit the new a/c to be calculated at the lawful interest of your state say 7 pr ct. I shall have to resort to the bank for a discount to make my purchases for cash. The rate of bank discounts is 6½ pr ct. I can purchase any amt. good stocks which I can have guaranteed to be good, for 4 pr ct half yearly first rate paper is offering @ 1 pr ct monthly. Pleas to inform me how fast you intend to send [?] my a/c pr month.
JAP

March 20, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
I wrote you by this mornings mail in which I promised to write by this afternoons mail. I find by examination there is in fact no oil neither sperm or whale such as, I would purchase for you. This morning has arrived the ship L. C. Richmond reportted with 1800 bbls sperm which will be for sale as soon as landed. I expect good oil from that ship. Whale oil some fresh whale oil must arrive before you can get a supply of good oil. If any arrivals or changes in the market, I will keep you informed.
JAP

March 20, 1848
Messrs Chandler & Dean
Sirs
Your favour 17th is received. I agree with the statement you make in your letter in the most material parts. I shall expect to agree on the amount of the waste on the cotton which we suggested would be 12½ pr ct from the cotton to the cloth and we will met you at the factory 30 or 31 instead if it should be stormy the next fair day.
JAP

March 20, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
Yours of 18th is received. I have taken due notice of your acceptance of H. Lazenby drft @ 60 ds sight, for $3000 on my account and have entered, due May 19th 1848. There were a no. of transactions in whale oil, the latter part of last week about 2000 bbls of inferior quantity ground tier &c. was sold @ 32 or 32½¢. Fr handsome sweet N. W. Coast 36¢ is asked 35¢ if you take in tiers. Nearly all of the best quality of N.W. have been sold from the cargo’s already landed @ 35¢ 36¢. The last transaction in sperm oil, to my knowledge was a lot of about 600 bbls sold by Hathaway & Luce to the Messrs Crocker’s & Co @ 108¢ which is now the asking price. There is about 600 bbls pr bark Pleades (landed in New Bedford) which could be bought to day at something less say about 106 or 107¢ but the quality is inferior. Take it together in fact there is 60 to 70 bbls of it black & unmerchantable. This & a cargo of 1850 sperm 500 bbls whale per ship L. C. Richmond arrived this day is about all the sperm oil there is in the market for sale.
JAP
P.S. The ship John, to F. Parker, is expected with 1650 sp. in the course of 2 or 3 weeks.

March 21, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gentlemen
Your favors of 17th & 18th are received with bill lading of 201 bales cotton per schr Cornelia and invoices of 26 & 322 bales of cotton purchased for my acct, which will be examined and entered in conformity, if found correct. I received notice from Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co that they had accepted, on the 16th inst, Mr Lazenbys drft for $3000 at 60 days sight on my a/c. I was not expecting any more drafts would be drawn by Mr. L. on my account, as according to what information I have, the whole cost of the cotton in New Orleans (say 1033 bales) will not exceed $34,000. Whereas I find that Mr. L. has recd & drawn on my a/c, the sum of $40,000—viz
Cash remitted from New York------------------------------------------------------------$5,000
& per your letter of 19th Feby, he drew on you, on my a/c @ 60 d/sight--------------------10,000
& 3 drafts on Samuel Judd’s Sons on my a/c---------------------------------------------15,000
& 2 drfts on Thayer & Bro. Boston------------------------------------------------------10,000
[total]---------------------------------------------------------------------------------$40,000
If this calculation is correct, then Mr. L. has drawn for $6,000 more than I suppose the cotton to have cost him in New Orleans, including all expences there: the amt. of freight & expences paid in New York I expected to provide for in New York as soon as assertained, and not be obliged to provide funds in New Orleans for this portion of the expences, which it appears I am doing and even a considerable amt more, if my calculations are correct. I have recd a number of letters from Mr. Lazenby but he has not advised me particularly about the drfts, in fact, the first notice I have of them is from the persons on whom they are drawn, otherwise I should not be so much in the dark, about the cost of my cotton in New Orleans &c. Will you please to explain this matter about the amt. of drft’s, more fully in your next.

It may be that Mr. L. has not drawn on your firm for more than $5,000 @ 60 d/sight on my a/c, as I notice you speak only of $5000 in your letter of 18th inst. If this be so, then the matter appears nearer correct. I notice that cotton is rather receding again in Europe and expect the same is, or will soon be the case in this country. Consequently I have concluded to have all my cotton forwarded to New Bedford as fast as it arrives in New York as I have plenty of store room of my own, and the storage in New York will exceed the freight from there to New Bedford especially if it has to be kept some considerable time, which it is my intention to do, unless it advances so that I can realize some proffit.
JAP pr WP

March 21, 1848
William Selden Esq.
Sir
I have recd the following treasury drft payable to my order, by the assistant treasurer of the U.S. Boston No 8945, on Try. warrant No. 2568 for $10. Ten dollars.
Your obt servt
JAP

March 21, 1848
Messrs W & F. H. Whittmore & Co.
Gent,
Enclosed I send Edward H. Barker’s drft on yourselves dated March 18th ’48 @ 6 mos. for $4455.39, say forty four hundred fifty five 39/100 dollars, which please to accept & return to me & oblige
JAP pr WP

March 22, 1848
Mrs. Mary A. McCleave
Your favor 16th requesting me to send you one hundred dollars on your husbands a/c. I here enclose you my order on Capt Paul West for twenty three 29/100 dolls. and a check on Merchants Bank, which you can send & get your money or you can get the money at your place. Pleas to send me a receipt for the amt.
JAP

March 23, 1848
Respected Sir,
C. A. Heineken
I intend to have written a few lines by the steam boat Herman. I concluded a few lines would be agreeable by the present boat. We are all enjoying good health. Phebe is better gets about house by chairs. Sum prospect of her getting better again. Frederick has informed you of our dissolution of our co. which is all completed and paid him nearly his ballance. Frederick I suppose has informed you of the arrivals & the state of the market. Arrivals all most every day, this day two ships have arrived, the Kutusoff & India about full sperm & whale both good voyages. We shall have a good deal of whale this season all tho there is no accumulation as mostly sperm sold for home use, but little [?] for shipping the oil in your hands belonging to me. I am of an oppinion it is for my use intrest to have it sold & closed up on the receipt of this letter unless a prospect of doing better by keeping it. My oppinion is that there will not be much oil shipped until after April. It is to much of an undertaking in our old age to think of making a voyage to Bremen. I will soon write a long letter to you in the meantime we shall be with glad with a long letter from you. Brother it will be particularly gratifying to Aunt Mary who sends her love to you & children.
With much respect I subscribe myself yours
JAP

March 24, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
I have only time to say that I can today buy from 3 to 400 bbls of the L. C. Richmond cargo of sperm oil (which is handsome) at same price paid for Mr Wickes, if not sold when you reply. I will purchase it for you on same terms as for them, say 1½ coms & int a/c @ 7%. Perhaps it may be bot for a little less next Monday.
JAP pr WP

March 28, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro,
Gentlemen
I here enclose you J. B. Congdon’s check on yourselves for four thousand dollars. You will please pay two installments on the New York New Haven Railroad stock on my acct. Please also pay the president of the Atlantic Cotton Mill one thousand dollars on my a/c of stock held by me in said corpr.

Please to say when we receive any thing from Philadelphia Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad. The charter for the bridge is not granted &c.
JAP

March 28, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
I have none of your favor’s to reply to since Mr Wickes was here. It is a stormy day and by urging matters I am in hopes the Republic will get loaded this afternoon. The sperm oil is all on board (600 bbls) and I am now trying to fill hir up with whale oil, say from 100 to 125 bbls. She will sail in the morning if the wind & weather will in any way permit. The day after Mr W. was here the entire lott of sperm oil per L. C Richmond was sold @ 105¢ to Kingsland, Charles Leonard & others. The quantity of good N. W. whale oil is so small in the cargo’s already landed, that the holders are quite stiff as to price. I had to pay 35¢ for this per Republic yesterday, more than 1000 bbls was sold @ 34½¢ taken in tiers without any rejection, a considerable part of which was not such oil as you would expect. Please advise by return mail if you wish more oil, it may be lower the latter part of the week and may not if no more arrives. Shall send invoices tomorrow.
JAP pr WP

March 30, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro
Gent,
Your favor of 29th is received contents noticed, enclosing Mr Grays receipt, which I do not exactly understand, concerning interest & dividend. Will you ask Mr Gray to make out an a/c showing the balance due him on the two assessments not settled & I will send him the balc due.
JAP

March 30, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Yours of 27th inst came to hand yesterday and I immediately purchased from the “Kutusoffs” cargo to fill your order of 600 bbls N.W. whale oil, and shipped the same pr schr Adelaide, as per above invoice. Annexed please find invoices of sperm & whale oil per Republic which vessel sailed early this morning. The Adelaide will be ready to sail this afternoon, please credit as per invoices if found correct. I think you will find this oil to suit you. It was the last oil taken and the Capt assures me that it is all North West oil. Sales of selected continue to be made @ 35¢ & 105¢ for sperm oil. Your invoices you will observe amount to a large sum. I would suggest to you if it would not be prudent to cover a part or all of it by insurance. The amt you owe me is large & I should feel more, or better satisfied if you keep all things well secured &c. Will you please to send me ½ bbl crackers such as you sent me last year. Please to make your remmittances as large as convenient. I have payments to make about this time.
JAP

March 30, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gent,
Your favor 25th & 27th are recd. None of the cotton has arrived contained in these letters. I hope to hear that the balance of cotton has arrived in New York. The purchase of cotton does not look flattering. It will go down I think in New Orleans below the purchase made for me. We have to take our chance in such speculations. The cotton thus far delivered turns out correct, no bale over, as to the marks on the cotton, you must be more fortunate than we are, for we cant find neither weight and not many numbers of any kind. Mr Lazenby writes some of the cotton is in bad order, costs too much to mend them their therefore you may send them & we will mend them here. I hear nothing of the samples of the cotton. I am glad that I ordered the cotton here where it can lay and not be eat up in storage as I anticipate it must lay a year at least. As to going into other speculations: I have no desire to do any thing more for the present.
JAP
P.S. I enclose H & Randall’s draft on S. Tisdale & Co $1000 which you will please present for acceptance and return the same.
JAP

March 30, 1848
Henry Lazenby Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your favor’s of 15th & 18th are before me. Contents duly noticed. I belive all the cotton has arrived in New York that I have been advised being shipped receipt 75 bales by B. Rent & Co arrived nearly 700 bales a few short. I presume you have done the best you could do in the purchase of the cotton and also made all the savings in expense you could. I have ordered the cotton here that I may have it in my own stores to save expense. I am satisfied that I must keep it a long time before I can make any thing out of it in the course of 12 mos it may come up to 10 or 12 cts, which has been the average price in years past. To sell out at this time according to the a/c’s I get from New York I must lose a good deal by the operation. I do not see any article in your price current that I feel disposed to buy or speculate in. I shall wait and see how the cotton comes out before I do anything more.
JAP

March 30, 1848
Mrs Amelia B. Haskins
I here enclose you $20 on a/c of your husband’s voyage in the ship Charles Frederick. agreeable to request in your letter dated March 27th 1848.
JAP

April 1, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentt
Mr Tobey requested me to say he has sold his oil to Edward M Robinson do not know the price. J. Dunbar & Co sold the sperm oil pr ship Kutusoff this day to Mr Bartlett @ 104 which price however you must not name as it was the understanding it was to be kept private. Mr Arnold has 1600 bbls now landing which the writer is of opinion can be bot at about the same price Dunbar obtained.
JAP pr FP

April 3, 1848
Nahum Stetson Esq.
Dear Sir,
I here inclose Haskell & Randalls drft on yourself for one thousand one hundred dollars @ 60 days from 6th inst, which you will please to accept and return, & you will much oblige yours.
JAP

April 3, 1848
Mr. Seth Wells
Boston}
Sir,
I am informed by Messrs Parker & Ellis, that you furnish card cloathing to order. I wish you to forward to the care of Messrs Parker & Ellis of Plympton, the same way that you did in Octo last (pr Old Colony Railroad to Plympton or Kingston Depot I believe) the following card cloathing and advise them as soon as sent, and also forward bill to me, viz
4 setts ea 22 card 18 x 4 in 32 no. 44 feet
4 setts ea 10 card 18 x 1½ in 32 no. 10 feet }for 4 finishers
4 setts ea 80 feet fillete 1½ in 32 no. 20 feet
1 sett 22 card 18 x 4 in no. 31 11 feet
10 - 18 x 1½ in 32 no. 2½ feet }for 1 Breaker
20 feet fillette 1½ in 32 no. 5 feet
Also cloathing for 30 tops of same discription you will please make the bill at the lowest rates, and when you forward it to me name your largest discount for cash, should like to have them.
[Card clothing is the wire covering of revolving cylinders used in mechanical carders; a fillet is a narrow strip of card clothing; a breaker tears up fibers before carding.]
[no signature]

April 4, 1848
Wrote the above Seth Wells, and enquired his lowest price for the above card cloathing, and how soon he could furnish them
JAP pr WP

April 4, 1848
To Haydon Coggeshall Esq.
Sir,
You are hereby notified that I have this day taken possession of & made an open & peaceable entry upon the lott of land mortgaged by you to me on the 30th of March 1847, conditioned for the payment of four thousand dollars, condition broken & for the purpose of foreclosure, in the presence of two witnesses.
JAP

Copy
Be it remembered that on this fourth day of April in the year one thousand eight hundred & forty eight, I, John A. Parker of New Bedford in the County of Bristol, made an open & peaceable entry upon the premisses described in a deed of mortgage made to me by Haydon Coggeshall of the same New Bedford dated the thirtieth day of March in the year one thousand eight hundred & forty seven, and recorded in the Registry of Deeds at said New Bedford in Book 12, pages 531, 532, conditioned for the payment of four thousand dollars, for condition broken & for the purpose of foreclosing the said mortgage in the presence of the witnesses who have subscribed the following certificate.
JAP

We the subscribers do hereby severally certify the above named Jno A. Parker did, on this fourth day of April A.D. 1848, make open and peaceable entry, in our presence, upon the premises described in the foregoing declaration by him signed, for the purpose therein stated. In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hand this fourth day of April in year one thousand eight hundred & forty eight.
Signd William Phillips
Joseph Dunbar
Made oath to the above
Before H. G. O. Colby, Justice of the Peace

March 5, 1848
Mr William Gray
Treas Atlantic Cotton Mills
Sir,
I received your statement of balance due on the 4th & 5th assessment on my shares of Atlantic Cotton Mill stock, to which I have added interest up to this date making a balance due you on that day as per annexed memo of $827.90
Enclosed I send you an order on
J. E. Thayer & Bro for $440.00
and check on Suffolk Bank.for 387.90 $827.90 which balances the account, if my calculations are correct, please acknowledge receipt by forwarding receipt for the 5th assessment. Annexed you will also find receipt for the dividend & interest of $189.60, due Jany 1, 1848.
JAP

April 5, 1848
David Sisson & Co
Gentln
Your Mr. Sisson observed when he was here last, that he expected it would be convenient to pay a part or all of the next note due, in advance, money is rather close here with me at this time, I have taken the liberty to ask if it will be convenient to pay any part at this time, or at any time before due. Please to let me hear from you by return mail.
JAP

April 7, 1848
Mr. Seth Wells
Dear Sir,
Yours of the 5th is recd, you may forward the card according to my memorandum of the 4th inst correcting the same, I want the cloathing for 4 finishers & 1 braker with fillet &c, the size I believe is correct, the quantity you can better judge than myself. I want the cloathing for 30 tops in addition to the above. You will please send them to the care of Messrs Parker & Ellis of Plympton pr Old Colony Railroad to Plympton or Kingston Depot, as you sent the lott before to them. Please send them notice to Plympton, & also a bill to me at New Bedford— & oblige
JAP pr WP

April 7, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent
Your favor of 31st ultimo with drft at sight on Willis & Co. Boston for two thousand dollars came to hand on the 3d inst. and yours of 4th inst came to hand this day, with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank for two thousand dollars, both remittances are entd to your cr. accordingly.

Mr Penniman has been here today and I have purchased for him the ship Arnolda’s cargo of sperm oil (1600 bbls) at somthing less than I paid for you; from appearances the price of sperm oil will soon be down to about 100¢. Will you please to say to Capt. Sowle (if there) that if he can manage to make a short passage home, he can have a load of oil for New York. Sales of N.W. Coast @ 34 & 34½¢ & shipping qualities @ 32¢. I want Capt Sowle to get for me 2 or 3 bbls of good apples.
JAP pr WP

April 8, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
Since your Mr. Penniman left here, I have received a letter from Jonathan Hillman that he had purchased a part of a vessell for Capt. Thatcher, a grandchild who has been out of business for a long time. Some three or four months past I directed Capt. Hillman if he found a vessell that was worth buying, he might purchase a part, not exceeding four or five thousand dollars. He now informs me he has purchased a part for which he has engaged to pay four thousand one hundred dollars on Tuesday next. Being short of funds at this time, as I informed your Mr. Penniman, I have no other resource only to rely on you. I must draw on you at sight for 4100$. I shall enclose by Mondays mail & which will be presented on Tuesday, if all things go right the oil was delivered yesterday, the vessell partly loaded, will be completed this day ready to sail tomorrow.
JAP

April 8, 1848
Jonathan Hillman
Sir
Your favor of 7th is recd, contents noticed. I will send you by Mondays mail, say Tuesday you will receive it. I must rely on yourself to take the vessell as if your own. You will please to keep hir insured. I hope it will be a good purchase and it looks well for Capt Thacher when he can pay up for the vessell. I shall have all the benefit from said vessell.
JAP

April 10, 1848
Capt Jonathan Hillman,
Dr. Sir,
I wrote you by Saturdays mail, I would remit by this days mail a drft at sight for forty one hundred dollars to pay for the purchase & expence of the Mazeppa for Capt. Thatcher’s benifit, as you have been so kind as to offer your services to aid him in business. I wish you to continue your good services. I wish you to have a general oversight in the whole matter. I verry much approve of your sugestions to Capt. Thatcher about his reserving the earnings & part of his wages to be applyed to the payment toward the vessell &c. The drft at sight on Judd’s Sons & Co is for $4100.
Your friend
JAP

April 11, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons
Gentts
Your favor of 10th received this morning, contents noticed. I credit your a/c with $71.58 bill linseed oil &c, under that date. The schooner Ellen Rodman sailed this morning with good winds, having been detained since Saturday with calm and head winds. She has on board about 900 bbls of your oil all the head oil included. The balance about 515 to 520 bbls I am holding for the Republic which vessell I am daily expecting from Albany. The whole cargo of the Arnolda was 1615 bbls. Mr. Arnold reserved the right to withdraw the captains part (who is also 1/16 owner) provided he wished it. On his coming off from Nantucket he demanded his oil having sold it there and Mr. Arnold informs me that he must mark it off say about 200 bbls. As soon as I can assertain the quantity we have I will forward invoice. In regard to whale oil I think it is not quite time to go into market for it yet as according to what I can perceive from the foreign news there will be but little demand from that quarter & the quantity accumalating so fast I think it must go down to a low point say 28 to 30¢ fr entire cargos & for selected from 31 to 32 & 33. It is now selling a few hundred bbls in a lott @ 34 or 34½¢ for the finest quality. The General Washington’s cargo of sperm is sold to Bartlett and the Crockers on private terms said to be 102¢.
JAP pr WP

April 11, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Your favor of 10th is before me. The 10 shares belong to the Auburn & Rochester Road, a mistake of our’s (in supposing it to be Housatonic). I send you the 40$ in four ten dollar bills. I saw at our bank a few days ago an enquiry for New York funds. You will find in this enclosure Th. B. White cashr check on Fulton Bank New York for three thousand dollars, which if any accomodation you can take out and pay over the same to Mr. Upton. Also is enclosed E. E. Kendrick cashr check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston for two thousand dollars, which I wish you to pay George B.Upton treasurer of the Michigan Central Railroad and say to him to send me a bond for the amt. $5000.
JAP

April 11, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Yours of the 7 inst with E. E. Kendrick check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston for two thousand dollars came to hand yesterday and your a/c is credited accordingly. The bark George Washington cargo of about 1050 bbls sperm oil was sold yesterday on private terms to the Crockers & Mr. Bartlett price said to be 102¢. In selected NW whale oil there have been a no of transactions @ 34½ 34 which is the rates now demanded. Think hoever that prices must be lower taking into consideration the news from Europe, the accumulation of the stock &c.
JAP pr WP

April 12, 1848
Messrs Chandler & Dean
Gentts,
Your favour of 10th is recd. I have this day sent up to the railroad depot 6 bales of cotton viz. 375, 415, 465, 448, 225, 448 nett 2576 lb, marked J. A. P. & P.C. Factory. They will be at the Middleborugh depot tomorrow and you had better send after it tomorrow afternoon or next day morning.

In regard to the spindle cases I want to know how much they will cost & where they can be had the cheapest &c. Had you not better buy them yourself & hold them as your own. The card clothing I have ordered and they will soon be sent to the care of Parker & Ellis by the Old Colony Railroad. Parker & Ellis will be informed when they are sent from Boston.
JAP pr WP

April 13, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Dear Sir,
I have received your favor of 12th with the enclosure of the five thousand dollar bond. The interest I will settle when I come to Boston. As to the new loan to the Michigan Railroad, I will take all I am entitled to take, if more to be had. I will decide what amount as soon as assertained. As I will make a call on you in about a week I will then sign the necessary papers.
JAP

April 14, 1848
wrote to Henry Brown
of Whitestown, New York}
That the Alexander would sail about the 5th of May & that his son could have a birth on hir, if he wished. Otherwise, requested to be informed.
[no signature]

April 17, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent
Your favor of 13th with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand on the 15th and your a/c is credited on that day with $2000. Also with $8.94 bill of apples &c 12th inst. And your favor of 14th came to hand this morning with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston for three thousand dollars, to your cr this day. The Republic has arrived. The sales of whale oil are limited to small lotts selected @ 33½ & 34¢. No purchasers in market for shipment. Sperm stock small 100 & 102¢.
JAP pr WP

April 17, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gent
Yours of 12th came duly to hand. The schr Cornelia sailed this morning with the balance of your sperm oil. The wind would not permit yesterday. I hear of no sales of sperm oil today. Whale sells in small lotts to manufs. &c.
[no signature]

April 18, 1848
Frederick Parker
Respected Son,
Will please to inform me what the best mess beef can be bought for, equal to Judson’s, & prime pork, first rate. Nothing new here. Gideon Allen has a letter from Capt. Seabury in the Coral, having 1000 bbls sperm oil on board in Feby, and the James Allen wanting 50 bbls to fill, bound home, may be expected soon. What is the price of flour.
JAP

April 18, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby,
Gent,
Your several favors of 13th 15th & 17th came duly to hand contents noticed. On comparing the memo recd 13th I find the errors in invoices of cotton noted to you were all made in copying except the error of 70 lb in invoice of 322 bales per “Uncas & Rajah” which may stand as you propose for further investigation. I received Mr. Lazenby’s letter of March 31st with a/c current enclosed showing a balance in his favor of $304.80¢ omiting the drft on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co on my a/c of $1835.31 to be paid by you at maturity. I notice in Mr. Lazenby’s a/c the charge for 322 bales Feby 21st is $10,690.83. The invoice of this lott (in which you will observe is the error of 70 lb) amts to $10,693.49. Please to notice this and state in your next which amt. is correct. All the other invoices I have entered as correct. I have taken due notice of your remarks respecting the present price of cotton and the inducements offered to engage further in this article, and altho there cannot be much doubt of a favorable result I have concluded not to engage any further at this time in this article. P.S. I notice the arrival of 75 bales cotton per “Ricenzi” and as the Republic will not probably be in New York in time to take this lott, and I suppose your contract with Taber & Co.’s line being ended, I wish you to ship this lott by the Corinthian, Capt Shepherd who agreed to take it @ 37½¢ per bale. Enclosed is a letter for Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co which please to send by the steamer Washington to sail in the 20th for Bremen.
JAP pr WPm

(pr steamer Washington) April 11, 1848
C. A. Heineken Esq.
Respected Son,
Your favors of 14th of March are at hand the contents duly noticed. I have nothing new to communicate since my letter of 23d March which I beg reference. You will notice many ships have arrived since writing. Some sperm & some right whales. The sperm is all sold as it arrives. Last sale @ $1.00 pr gallon and perhaps at less. Whale is to be bot at about 31¢ will be down to 30 and perhaps less. I do not give any new instructions about the Trident oil. Leave to you to act as you think best. There does not appear to be much whale oil shipping to Europe. Probably Frederick will write you from New York where he & his wife are. If oil should be low in consequence of your disturbance it will not be best to make a grate sacrifise however. I confide in your judgement. I come short of writing the long letter. Our family all enjoying good health. Mary Howland is with her children. Myself and & Aunt Mary are alone. We get along very well. She disposes to be remembered to you all & particularly to the children. You have also my best respects.
JAP
P.S. I have drawn two small drfts on you at sight which please to honor on presentation, viz No. 1 dated Apl 13th favor Herman Meier for rix 156:18 gr, No. 2, dated Apl 15 favor Henry Harkman for rix 62:36 gr and I have credited your a/c with the five dollar note recd in yours of 14th March.
JAP pr WP

April 18, 1848
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
Yours of 17th is recd. As it regards the purchase of the oil, I told your Mr. Penniman I should charge the same I did to Wickes & Tillinghast. He objected to the New York interest. I told him if I had not to advance any money I would charge interest same as heretofore. Understood him to instruct me to buy the oil at one dollar pr gallon; I may be mistaken. You may be assured I made up the bill according to my understanding of the transaction.
JAP

April 18, 1848
Messrs William J. King & Co
Gent,
I here enclose you J. B. Congdon cashr check on Providence Bank, for five hundred fifty four 13/100 dollars which I calculate is the amt. of your a/c. I have taken off the interest on lost bill. Please send recpt.
JAP

April 21, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
Your favor of 20th is recd contents noticed. There is so little doing in the whale oil market and holder’s are so undecided that it is difficult to find out exactly what a cargo could be obtained for, or what 500 or 1000 bbls selected could be bought for. Mr B. Ricketson will sell 500 to 1000 bbls very good quality @ 34¢. A. H. Howland will not set price on his two cargo’s for the reason he will not accept the price that might be deemed a fair one now. Mr Knowles, Minerva’s cargo is held in the same way. Small lotts of selected are sold @ 34 or 34½¢, 2d quality 33 or 33½¢ and there have been men here from Boston buying all the dark oil they could obtain @ 31¢. On the whole there does not appear to be any one ready to sell a whole cargo at what might be called a fair price under the existing state of matters in Europe & even here; there is only about 350 bbls sperm oil in market & that is held by B. Ricketson @ 102 or 103¢.
JAP pr WP

April 21, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gent,
Yours of the 20th is recd with a [?] of the shrubbery or plants. I have received two letters from Mr Lazenby of the 6 & 8th of April and bill lading of 162 bales cotton per Columbine. He wishes me to inform him through you whether he shall ship the remaining or not, previous to his leaving New Orleans. You will please say to him that he may ship them the first oppertunity. I notice from his letters & the price current that the quality of cotton corresponding with mine has not fallen in price, more than 5/8 to ¾ of a cent. The quoted difference appears to be in the lowest grade’s. It is thought by some that good middling will go down as low as 4½¢ during the year. If so it would then be an object worth noticing.
JAP pr WP

April 21, 1848
Mr. Lippitt
Dear Sir
I here enclose you J. B. Congdon cashier check on Providence Bank for five hundred & forty eight 66/100 dollars which amt is your first bill of cotton. My goods must lay until they will fetch more or less as that case may be.
JAP

April 22, 1848
Thomas J. Coggeshall Esq.
Dr. Sir
Your favor of this day (22d Apl) is at hand. It would give me pleasure to accomodate either myself or through the bank. It being impossible to accomodate you, I concluded it best to return the notes which I here enclose.
JAP

April 22, 1848
Frederick Parker Esq.
Respected Son
Your favor of 20th is recd contents duly noticed. As to provisions & flour, I can do as well here as to purchase in New York. I have bought of Seabury, Judson’s best beef, all been opened & resalted & pickeld with some little time before payment @ 9¼¢. Rump pork, not a poor piece in a bbl, at same as beef, overruns in weight 13 lbs in a bbl. Flour at New York price 25¢ addition therefore I have concluded to buy of Seabury.
JAP

April 25, 1848
Edward Haynes Esq.
Sir,
I here enclose J. B. Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank for two hundred & fifty dollars being assesment, Norfolk County Railroad Co.
JAP

April 27, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen
I here enclose you my bill on Frederick Huth & Co. London for five hundred pounds, which you will please to sell; should there be demur on a/c of no endorser, I will furnish one, my son is absent from town; you have been informed of our disolution. J. A. Parker & Son is desolved.
JAP

April 28, 1848
Nahum Stetson Esq.
Dr. Sir,
I have consulted our director’s concerning the loan of our bills. The credit of 6 mos. monthly will amt. to a large sum before any payment comes to the bank. I wish to enquire if 4 months would not suit you equally as well as 6 mos. We should have it sooner running to real, as well as running on. At six months we have a large amount before any payment is made. I also wish to enquire where you will make your notes payable in Boston, however we will furnish you with the amt. you want for two months, then to be at liberty to continue the loan or stop at the end of two months, at 4 months I think we should be willing to continue the arrangement, unless we find our bills returns to us, too soon, so that we gain little or no circulation.
JAP

April 29, 1848
Henry Lazenby Esq.
Dr. Sir,
Your favor’s of 12th & 15th were received in due time, the contents duly noticed: Cotton appears to be coming down to a low point, according to the accounts we get from England, it is declining by every arrival, how low it will go no one can tell. It looks like a good time to by, if a person had the means to lay out of funds for a couple of years @ 4½¢ cotton of a good quality as is used for fine goods. If the price comes to the above figure I may be induced to buy 500 bales, not made up my mind as yet on that subject. I expect the next accounts from Liverpool there will be a further decline. If I should make any further purchases I shall remit you a bank check on the Mechanics Bank New York which is quoted in your price current ¾ to 1¼% pre. I wrote Mr. Ludlam to inform you I wished the balance of the cotton shipped on to New Bedford or New York, nothing new here only our ships are arriving with good cargoes, whale oil will sell @ 32¢ sperm oil sells as it arrives at about a dollar per gallon.
JAP

May 1, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
Gentlemen,
Your esteemed favor of 1st & 7th of April have been received advising sales of the whalebone ex “Quebec” @ £142:10, which is entirely satisfactory. If you have not already forwarded a/c sales on receipt of this, I will thank you to do so. In regard to the parcel of sperm oil ex “Alert” I wish you to dispose of the same whenever £85 per tun can be obtained for it, unless there is a fair prospect of the price speedily improving when it attains that point in which case I desire you to exercise your own judgement. The stock of sperm oil with us is verry light with a fair demand @ 100¢ pr gallon. I have drawn on you under date of 28th ult. for five hundred pounds payable to my own order @ 60 d/sight which please to honor and charge to my account against proceeds of whale bone & oblige
JAP

May 1, 1848
Lemuel Goddard Esq.
Dear Sir
Your esteemed favor of 7th April per “Acadia” is received the contents duly noticed. I have no new instructions to give in relation to the parcel of sperm oil shipped pr “Mary Ann” confirming those already given to my son Frederick. The stocks of sperm oil in the U States are unusually light and in this market there is only two or three small lotts in first hands. The last sales were made at 100½¢ pr gallon. There will not be any further shipments of sperm oil from this country unless the price advances without with you so as to nett over 100¢ per gallon. Unless the importation for this year exceeds our estimates the whole will be required for consumption in this country. Hoping soon to hear that the political excitement on the continent of Europe has become more settled and that the business and finances of the whole civilized world will soon become more settled and confirmed in some permanant and satisfactory manner I am, Sir
Yours Respectfully
JAP

May 1, 1848
Wrote to C. A. Heineken & Co. Bremen by the steamer “Acadia” from Boston, recommended his holding the Tridents oil unless about 17 rix could be obtained and stated that no shipments would probably be made from the country while the affairs of Europe were in such an unsettled state.
JP

May 1, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Your favor of 20th April with check for three thousand dollars came to hand on the 22dand your favor of 28th with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston for twenty five hundred dollars came to hand this morning, both checks are placed to your credit under date of their reception and for which I am much obliged as they came in a good time. The state of the whale oil market is difficult to be defind. Holders are anxious to make sales and at the same time are unwilling to come down to a point where any purchasers will think of buying unless in small lots for immediate use. A few small lotts selected were sold last week @ 34 or 33½¢ and dark oil @ 31¢. I think a direct offer of 30¢ would commend an average cargo within a few days if not today. There are but few lotts of sperm oil in this market which is now held @ 100¢ the last sales some 10 days ago were 100½¢ making a clear sweep at that time of all in first hands. There are no orders in town for whale oil pr Expect [for export?] and probably will not be until things become more settled in Europe. What the price will go down to this summer is quite uncertain.
JAP pr WP

May 3, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 2d inst came to hand this morning, contents duly noticed. Instead of having plenty of money at this time I find it is entirely otherwise with me: having been disappointed in receipts to a considerable amount, and being obliged to renew in a no of instances it will be almost impossible for me to make you the remittance asked for. I have made no provision to place any money with you to meet the drafts from New Orleans, as I supposed it was perfectly understood that you was to make them up, and the balance that would be due you to go against the first payment for oil bot of Arnold due in July say about $7100. Balance about $8000. You agree to remit in time to meet the first payment, provided I did not draw on you payable in less than 4 mos which I have not done. Please refer to your letter of 17th April whein you make what I understand to be the above arrangement. It would give me much pleasure to accomodate you at this time if I could make it in any way convenient. I am unusually short at this time and am fitting a ship to sea which takes all of my cash means; and we are also verry close at the Merchants Bank so much so that it would be useless to offer a drft for discount the proceeds to send out of town. I hope you will find less dificulty than you anticipate in takeing up drfts this month which I doubt not you can do with less trouble than I could now make a remittance. There are no sales of whale oil to any extent small lotts go off @ 33¢ 33½¢. A no of holders are preparing to store their oil. Some are anxious to sell.

I think 30¢ would buy a whole cargo of very good quality which I think is about as low as it will go except for ground tier and superior oil. Sperm no sales.
JAP

May 5, 1848
Nahum Stetson Esq.
Dr. Sir,
Your favor of 4th is before me. I will see the amt. of drft. I took with me is remitted to you at Boston, on Monday next if in bills, by the express now. If otherwise in a check by mail to you in Boston. The seven thousand dollar note should be dated on Friday last (28th) when the discount was made which is according to our custom. We will pack up the bills agreeable to your memo & send it by the express now or Tuesday morning to Boston, as you direct by your letter.
JAP

May 6, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro
Dr. Sir,
I here enclose you Oliver G. Lane Jr. bill exchange on Brown Shipley & Co. of Liverpool, payable in London. I suppose it is a good bill, as some of the parties are in Boston, you can judge better than myself. I will you to sell the bill and account with me for the amt. When will it be sold.
JAP

May 6, 1848
Mrs E. W. Russell
Your favor of 28th came duly to hand. I now enclose to you my check on the Merchants Bank of this city for thirty dollars payable to your order on a/c of your husband J. S. Russell in my ship Young Phenix. You can obtain the money for the ceck by going to any of your banks and placeing your own name on the back of the check. I have no late news from the Young Phenix I think she may be looked for this fall.
JAP pr WP
P.S. The firm of Jno A Parker & Son is disolved, the business continued by myself.

May 9, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Your favor of 5th with Washburn & Co drft on Willis & Co Boston for thirty five hundred dollars came to hand yesterday morning the 8th, the same is to your credit. Sales of selected N.W. whale oil @ 33¢ in small lotts. Whole cargo could probably be bot @ 30¢, 28¢ is offered for shipping &c. In sperm there is nothing doing price nominal @ 98¢ or 100¢ nothing doing worthy of much notice. Buyer & seller are both waiting the indications of events in Europe. Sperm oil in London remains about the same 83¢ & 4£.
JAP pr WP

May 9, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
Yours of 8th is recd contents noticed. I will have the cask (retd by Cornelia) examined &c. and report accordingly. I suppose it is a fact that the owners of the “Sarah” did sell about 1000 bbls of hir cargo to James Ricketson 2d partly on an order from New York, @ 27½¢ to the astonishment of every one, even the purchaser, who was prepared to pay more; but he took half the ground tier & selected tiers for the balance & probably got the best of the oil, a large portion of the balance left is dark & black, & it is not for sale at anything like the price of the former part. The asking price for selected N.W. whale oil is 33¢ and the most of holders are indifferant about selling nice oil at that. The calculation is to store & they hold on to the handsome to help work off some of the lower quality. I presume that 30¢ would purchase a cargo as it runs; there are orders in town from New York to purchase quite largely @ 28¢ for shipping, which is refused on both sides of the river. Since writing the foregoing I have made some enquiry & could today buy selected @ 33¢ 2d quality @ 32¢. A whole cargo, part South Sea, but little foots & a small portion of dark, I have reason to suppose might be bought today @ 30¢ but nothing under, part money. I cannot find out what lott of 400 sperm you refer to unless that at Dighton, some 16 or 18 miles northwest of this. I do not know at what price sperm oil could be obtained, but presume 98¢ would be accepted, if any one was prepared to make the offer direct, perhaps less. The market is in a singular state for both kinds of oil. It is impossible to find out what could be done, without being prepared to make a bargain on the spot, as in the case at Mattapoisett. If you will state the quantity you want, quality & the outside price you are willing to pay, I will try the market & of course do as much better as possible.
JAP pr WP

May 9, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen
I enclosed you a bill of exchange on 6th the owners are anxious to know if the bill is a good one & when it will be likely to sell. Will you pleas to inform me by tomorrows mail. JAP

May 9, 1848
Mr. Cyrus Lothrop
Dr. Sir,
Andrew Robeson & Sons note endorsed by you falls due on 24/27 this month, payable at the office of Dodge & Tucker of Boston. Shall I send it there for payment or will you provide for it here.
JAP

May 10, 1848
Edward Harris Jr.
Sir,
I here enclose you James B. Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank for two hundred & fifty dollars being the 4th installment on the Norfolk County Railroad stock.
JAP

May 10, 1848
Henry Pettes & Co
Gentlemen,
I enclose you J. B. Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank for one hundred sixteen 87/100 dollars to pay a bill of the same amt. of carpets furnished Mrs. Coffin. You will please acknowledge the same.
JAP

May 11, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentts
Yours of yesterday is recd stating proceeds of bill sent you of £484:7:3d to be $$2372.83¢ for which I have this day drawn in favor of J B Congdon cashr. The second & third of the sett are expected every moment from Perambuco having been forwarded by other conveyance are not yet recd. I will see that you have them as soon as they come to hand.
JAP pr WP

May 13, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gent
Your favor’s of 6th & 9th are recd, as also 162 bales cotton pr Sarah, in bad order, the cotton sticking out in every part of the bale and wet as muck, three tier on deck, there must have been a great deal of rain &c. I would sooner pay a dollar under deck than 25¢ on such a deck load, a little on deck with a good deal under deck; you will please to notify the line you have contracted with, that the bargain is at an end. I wish to take my chance for a new bargain, say 50¢ under deck, 20 or 25¢ on deck.

In consequence of a letter from you to Frederick Parker I have concluded to try ten thousand dollars more in cotton with a hope Mr. Lazenby will hit the lowest notch. I enclose Mr Congdon’s check for five thousand dollars will send the other by next mail, on the Mechanics Bank New York, which I consider the best remittance that can be made. I endorse them blank for you to write over my endorsement the needful to make them safe. I leave the whole business to you and Mr. L. to exercise your judgement. I want a good quality such as the northern factory’s use for fine goods. My opinion is that middleing to fair is about the right grade, however that I leave to you & Mr. L. Have the cotton shipped as heretofore. I want the checks a week or so apart so as not to have them come the same day. Mr. L. will give me timely notice when they are to be used.
JAP

May 15, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gent,
I wrote you on Saturday by express enclosing J. B. Congdon cashr on Mechanics Bank. New York, to be sent out to Mr Lazenby at New Orleans, referring to said letter for further instructions. I now enclose another check of five thousand dollars, by the same on Mechanics Bank. New York, to be sent out for same purpose. I wish you to say to Mr. Lazenby that I wish the checks kept as far apart as convenient, so that they will not both come together to be provided for in New York, and I want him to advise me immediately as soon as the checks are used. Also say to him that whenever he purchases more cotton, I want it in better order than the last lott, which is in a miserable condition, some of the bales almost half naked &c. Please acknowledge receipt of the two checks and as soon as you hear of their being used by Mr. L. advise me &c.
JAP pr WP
P.S. Mr. Parker, started this morning for Michigan, to be absent about three weeks. If you have anything special to communicate to him you will direct to him, care of L. L. Hodges Esq. American Hotel, Buffalo but not to be there later than a week from next Saturday as he will probably be returning by that time.
Yours
WP

May 15, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby,
Gent
I wrote you a few lines on Saturday at which time I expected to have remitted you 5 to six thousand dollars as Mr Howland partially promised to have my drft discounted today and I had no doubt but it would be done. There was such an amount of paper offered this morning from persons who must have the money, that my paper was not discounted. I should like verry much if I could raise the cash to purchase from 2 to 400 bales, but I cannot do it and must therefore, for the present, give up the idea of buying and shall write Lazenby to that effect.
FP

May 16, 1848
William Gray Esq.
Treas Atlantic Cotton Mills}
Dr. Sir,
Enclosed I send you J. B. Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank for one thousand dollars, for the sixth instlm of $100 per share on my ten shares Atlantic Cotton Mill stock, which please to credit & acknowledge recpt, & oblige
JAP pr WP

May 18, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Treas Michigan Central Railroad}
Dr. Sir,
Enclosed I send you J. B. Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank for nine hundred two 70/100 dollars, being the amt. of my note given on the 1st inst. for $900 balance due on bond of 5000$ with int. on said note $2.70. Please return the note by mail & oblige.
JAP pr WP

May 20, 1848
Capt. Joseph Black
Dear Sir
You having command of the good ship Alexander now ready for sea,
You will imbrace the first favorable opportunity and proceed on your voyage and use your best endeavor to fill the ship with sperm and whale oil; it is my wish that you should spend the first two years mostly for sperm oil, tho I think it best to take five or six hundred bbls, whale oil, whenever you have a good opportunity, not however to go to the North West until the latter part of your voyage: unless you find it highly necessary to do so. You are well fitted for a 40 months voyage if necessary to be gone so long and I trust you will spend a considerable time cruising for sperm whales rather than come home with nothing but whale oil, which you are aware will hardly pay the outfits. I shall not dictate your cruising grounds but leave it to your good judgement to cruise where ever you think it best. You have probably more provisions on board than you will need and I would recommend you to sell some of the rump pork whenever you can obtain a good round price for it, even if you had to repurchase some again the latter part of the voyage. Should you obtain any sperm oil previous to passing the Islands, you will please land it to be sent to Boston to my order; if you have an opportunity to ship home by a vessell bound to New York ship to Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons &Co. if to Philadelphia to Alexander Campbell’s if to Baltimore to Thomas Whitridge & Co, do not pay over 2½$ pr bbl. I would not recommend sending sperm oil in a merchant vessell, except from the Island’s.

If you go to the Sandwich Islands avoid Ladd & Co. You will try to keep your crew on board until after they have oil sufficient to pay their advances which will be about 80$ to green hands & 100$ to boatsteerer &c, add 25% & 10$ for fitting ship. If you have more money than you whish to use or sell for drafts, please send them home made payable to me keeping one of the sett yourself until you come home. Please to write me every opportunity and if you send by way of England direct to Jno. A. Parker Esq. New Bedford Mass U.S.A. care of Messrs Frederick Huth & Co. London and they will come direct to me. You will please enclose one for Mrs. Black & I will send it to her as soon as recd. You will find in a book containing a list of outfits, the cost prices of every thing on board, or nearly so, except the slops which are mark with prices to be charged the crew that go out in the ship. If you sell to others make your own price, get all you can for them. I would reccommend your disposing of every thing you can spare after the ship is full, even if no more than cost can be obtained. Wishing you a prosperous voyage and safe return I remain yours
Most Respectfully
JAP pr WP

May 21, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent
Your favor of 11th May with Coml Bank check on Suffolk Bank Boston for twenty five hundred dollars came to hand on the 13 inst amt to your cr on that day. Also your favor of 19th came to hand this morning with Washburn & Co. drft at sight on Willis & Co Boston for thirty five hundred dollars, which will apper to your credit tomorrow 22d. The Republic is about loading for New York and will not probably go up to Albany, as she has taken hir place in a new line between this place & New York. If however Capt Sowle thinks best to come up the river, he will write you from New York. I write this evening to send by Mr. Caleb L. Ellis, who starts early in the morning for Albany, he is a partner of Mr Southwick and goes to look after him or his business. If Mr. S. is not found on arrival of Mr Ellis, you will please render him what assistance you can conveniently and should he require any funds for the purpose of searching for Mr. S. you will please furnish him on my a/c, &c.
JAP pr WP

May 23, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gent,
Yours of 20th came duly to hand contents particularly noticed. Yesterday being a stormy day I did not find out much about the state of the market for selected N.W. whale oil. Today I have made some enquirey and find it impossible to purchase the quality you name under 32½ or 33¢ unless perhaps some small lotts @ 32¢. There is a better feeling about whale oil & orders are in the city for considerable quantitys @ 30 or 31¢ for whole cargo’s. You will notice from the shipping list that considerable sales have been made, 2500 bbls in lotts on private terms said to be 30½ or 31¢ & 31½ so you will observe that it is too late to purchase at your limits. I am sorry you did not send this order ten days ago. I then had a good cargo of 2000 bbls under partial engagement, offered @ 30¢ was quite shure that 29 would then have been taken. Since Saturday morning 1000 bbls of that cargo has been sold @ 31¢ & upward. Small lotts of selected is sold amost every day @ 33 or 34¢ on time. Sperm 95 or 96¢ on time, not verry strong paper. I have credited your a/c under date of May 15th with $11.44 dollars for error in gauge of a cask [?] oil from Arnolda’s cargo say 10 gls error @ 100¢ -- $10.00
88 gl cask @ 1½¢ -- 1.32
int .12
$11.44
Mr Delano acknowledged the error & obtained allowance.
JAP pr WP

May 27, 1848
Mr Seth Wells,
Boston
Sir
Enclosed I send you J. B. Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank for eighty five 74/100 dolls the amt of your bill of machine card, the receipt of which you will please to acknowledge &c.
JAP pr WP

May 30, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast,
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 26th inst. with check on Suffolk Bank for twenty five hundred dollars came to hand the 29th the amt to your credit on that day.

Sales of whale oil continue to be made at 29½ or 30¢ for common shipping quality’s and selected @ 32 or 33¢. Yesterday I understood that the ows of ship Menkar sold their entire cargo, 2200 bbls at a price between 31 & 32¢ & this day I heard a man refuse 32¢ for selected N. W. oil. In sperm oil there is nothing doing. The nominal price is 95¢ & Mr. Frederick. Parker has about 1600 bbls sperm arrived per ship John, not yet landed. I suppose he will be ready to sell when the manufacturers come into market for their fall supply’s. The Republic sailed for New York about the middle of last week. I instructed Capt Sowle to write you from New York if he had any idea of going up to Albany. If you do not hear of him soon I think you had better send the [?] by some other vessell.
JAP pr WP

May 31, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favor of 25th came duly to hand.
Our whale oil market remains about the same. Sales of small lotts are made almost every day @ 30 or 31¢ average portion of cargo, 32 or 33 for a selection by tiers. I understand that the “Menkar’s” entire cargo of 2200 bbls was sold on Monday @ between 31 & 32¢. A considerable portion of the best whale oil is being stored for the fall market. I cannot say at what price a 1000 bbls of selected N.W. whale oil could be obtained: probably 32 or 32½¢ holders are unwilling to have the best taken out of their cargo’s. Since the last steamer news and the large arrivals at ports west of us, there appears to be a disposition to sell and I should not be disappointed if the price declined again to about 30¢ for entire cargo’s. I hear of nothing doing in sperm oil. Mr. Frederick. Parker has about 1600 bbls now landing from ship “John.” I understand this forenoon that he would like to sell one or two hundred bbls at about 90¢ cash to pay the crew.
JAP pr WP

June 2, 1848
Cyrus Lothrop Esq.
Dr. Sir,
Your note became due on the 27th ultimo. I expected on or before that day, a new note, with the interest paid. I have heard nothing from you. I hold a note $363.24 due me on the 25th of June, please to take notice of same.
JAP

June 2, 1848
Henry Lazenby Esq.
Dear Sir
I have duly received your several favors up to the 20th of May and have particularly noticed their contents, especialy the two last where in you speak so favorably of tobacco. I should have given you an earlier reply had I not been absent on a journey to Michigan from the 15th to the 31st May. On the 13 & 15th ultimo I sent you, through your house in New York ten thousand dollars, J B Congdon cashr checks on the Mechanic Bank New York, with a view of having it invested in cotton at the lowest rates, so as to reduce the average of former purchases. If cotton has advanced and you have not invested the money in cotton you may expend one half say five thousand dolls in the article of tobacco of such quality as you think most for my intrest and in fact I leave the whole matter to your own good judgement. If it is your decided oppinion that tobacco will pay a better profit than cotton and you have not already expended the remittince you are at liberty to invest the whole in that article for my a/c. I am very much obliged for the present of a barrel of purified sugar pr bark “Mazeppa” and shall be pleased to have you come & partake of the strawberries and test the quality of the sugar. I notice that you have shipped the 130 bales of cotton balc of last purchase & have credited the charge’s thereon as mentioned.
JAP pr WP

June 2, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gentlemen
Your several favors of 17th 20th & 30th ultimo came duly to hand. I returned home on Wednesday evening last in good health. Being somewhat in haste I concluded not to come by the way of New York. I take notice of the shipment of the 130 bales cotton from New Orleans by Mr. Lazenby and as he informs me the vessel was first rate &c. I have concluded not to obtain any insurance. Enclosed I send a letter for Mr Lazenby which you will please to seal & forward immediately. I have informed him that if the checks sent forward last month for the purpose of purchasing cotton at a low rate have not been used he is at liberty to invest one half or the whole in leaf tobacco provided it is his decided oppinion it will be more for my interest than to invest in cotton. I presume however that he will have expended the funds previous to the receipt of my letter. When the cotton arrives give it to Capt Sowle if possible advice me as soon as you hear of the vessel below
[no end punctuation or signature]

June 6, 1848
Henry Lazenby Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 27th May came to hand this morning, and I am surprised to notice that you were about to invest the ten thousand dollars last sent you in cotton as an advanced price of one cent p lb or more upon the quotations at the time the funds were remitted. My whole object in sending the above funds was to purchase cotton @ 1½ or 2¢ plb lower than the 1000 bales cost me so as to reduce the average cost of the whole. If this could not be done I did not wish the money invested in cotton at all as I have quite cotton enough already unless at a great reduction in price, and judgeing from the tenor of your letters, I had good reason to infer, at least that my remittance would reach you in good time and that you would not use it unless in accordance with this view of the matter. If you have invested in cotton as your letter intimates you will please to sell it again and some of us must pocket the loss. If you have not used the checks on receipt of this you will please return them to me at once.
JAP p. WP

June 6, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gent,
I recd a letter from Mr Lazenby dated the 27th May from which I learn that he had recd the ten thousand dollars in checks on Mechanics Bank and was about to invest it in cotton at and over [?] pr lb. This I did not wish done, my object was to purchase at the lowest price so as to reduce the average of the former purchase. I did not wish to buy any more cotton unless it was for that purpose, and I am surprised that Mr L. should think of buying after it had advanced above the quotations at the time the money was sent. I left it with him, I do not deny, but from the letters he had recd and the object specified to him I felt the subject to be safe in his hands, without limiting the price positively. If he has laid out the money in cotton at the advance rates, I shall have reason for sensure, somewhere. I have written him to day, to the above effect & have said to him that in case he had purchased the cotton at the advanced price, to sell it again & some of us must pocket the loss & if the checks were not paid to return them at once.
JAP pr WP

June 8, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of May 30th with check on Suffolk Bank for thirty five hundred dollars came to hand on the 1st inst and your a/c is credited with same on that day. And this morning I had the pleasure to receive your favor of the 6th with check on Suffolk Bank for five thousand dollars for which I am much obliged as it came in good time for me, our bank being rather close at this time. Our whale oil market continues about the same, if any difference the holders appear more anxious to sell; selected N West 32 or 32½¢ entire cargo of good average quality 31¢ common quality 30¢ poor, such as ground tier & dark 29 or 29½¢. I hear of but few transactions in sperm oil, some small parcels have been sold for cash on short time @ 90¢ which price is offered for good oil from sperm ships. I am glad to learn that the Republic has obtained a freight at Albany.
JAP p. WP

June 9, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co.
Gentts,
Refering to my respects of the 1st ultimo I have now the pleasure to acknowledge receipt of your valued favors of the 21st of April & 19 of May. In consequences of the favorable advices from your side, in relation to the money market, and wishing to avail myself of the present high rate of exchange, I have under this date drawn on you payable to my own order, a bill of exchange (No. 2) @ sixty days sight for the sum of £1000, one thousand pounds sterling which please honor and should the course I have taken not be entirely in concurrence with your pleasure if you inform me to that effect I will order the amount remitted by Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co. as I have funds in their hands. Sperm oil 90¢ whale 30¢ whale bone 23 or 24¢.
JAP

June 9, 1848
Messrs Chandler & Dean
Gentlemen,
Your favor 6th instant is received. I have this day sent up to the railroad depot 12 bales of cotton from the lott that you selected one bale when here marked J.A.P. weighing 5558 lb which you will find at the Middleboro railroad depot as soon as you choose to send for it.
JAP pr WP

June 9, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
Enclosed I send you my drft on Frederick. Huth & Co London for £1000 which I wish you to sell on my account, whenever you think the best time, before the sailing of the next English steamer. Please to acknowledge receipt of same, and when sold state the amt, & oblige
JAP pr WP

June 14, 1848
Mrs. McCleave
Madam,
Enclosed I send you my check for fifty dollars payable to your order agreeable to your request in letter of June 7th. I have no late news from the Phenix.
JAP p WP

June 14, 1848
Mrs. A. B. Haskins
Madam I received yous of 3d inst and agreeable to your request I send you my check for $30, payable to your order, which you can get the cash for at Fall River. Please send receipt for same in your next.
JAP p. WP

June 15, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen
Please to pay Geo B. Uupton Esq. four thousand dollars & please place the same to my a/c.
JAP

[no date]
George B. Upton Esq.
Dear Sir
Agreeable to your favor of 15th I have remitted you my drft on J. E. Thayer & Bro four thousand dolls, which covers the fifteen hundred & twenty five hundred which is all that is due for some time to come.
JAP

June 15, 1848
Edward Haynes Jr.
Sir
I here enclose you my drft on J. E. Thayer & Bro for two hundred & fifty dollars being for 5th installment on the Norfolk County Railroad & Co.
JAP

June 15, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen
Your favor of 14th inst is received. Since yours of the 1st with order’s to purchase a cargo of whale oil of good quality if to be had @ 30¢ free on board and on a credit of 4 & 6 mos. I have been on the look out to obtain it but without making any purchase. Within the last week there have been sales of whale oil to the extent of about 10,000 bbls, nearly all of which was inferior quality such as ground tier and second grade for export and at prices varying from 28¾ to 29½¢. None of the above oil with perhaps one exception of a lott in Fairhaven would have answered your purpose at all and that lott I did not know was for sale until after it was sold @ 29¢ cash down, the holder refuseing to grant any credit. In fact there has not been a chance to buy such oil as you require short of 31½ or 32¢ per gallon and not less than half cash. 32¢ is now the asking price and so far as I can learn nothing short of that price will purchase good sweet North West whale oil selected for manufacturing. Perhaps one thousand bbls of fair quality could be obtained @ 31¢ if a person was ready to pay that price cash down to day. I have enquired of a no. of persons this morning their lowest price for handsome sweet NW oil and the answer is from every one @ 32¢ and nothing less. I understand that there were sales yesterday of 5 or 600 bbls @ 32¢. In regard to future prices of whale & sperm oil I can only say that I have no doubt that prices will be higher in the fall especially the latter which is now selling in small lotts @ 90¢ cash, whale oil I think will not be any lower this season. If you can purchase whale oil in New York or deld there of such quality as you require at any price under 32¢ I should think it would be better than what can be done here. Please inform me in your next if Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby furnished you with the means to pay your acceptance of Henry Lazenby’s drft of $1835.31 due May 22d 1848 on my a/c as the same stand to your credit on my books.
JAP p. WP

June 15, 1848
Capt John Briggs
Sir,
Your favor of 10th is received which I feel glad to receive. I am not desirious to sell the house under its value as the prospect is that it will be in better demand as settlements are made about the lott. I wish you to make a settlement with Mr Allen as soon as possible & urge the settlement as you want the money to make necessary repairs on the house. I think you had better repair the fences and make such other repairs as will be for my interest to do in order to get better tenants. You may expend whatever money you can collect from the past earnings of the house & the rent on the whole; I leave it to you to use what means you have in the manner you think will best promote my interest. I think when you fix up the house you may ask a thousand dollars for the house &c. Please to write me occasionally & inform me what you conclude to do by way of repairs & how much money you have &c.
JAP

June 16, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby
Gentlemen
Your favor of yesterday advising the safe arrival of the ship “Espindola” with 130 bales of cotton belonging me, is recd and in reply I have to say that the Republic is loading for New York and will sail the first wind. I wish the cotton kept, for hir, and should think it best not to have it stored, but let it remain on the dock as it cannot be many days before she will be there to receive it.

In regard to watching it, I must leave that with you to do as you think best. If the bales are torn badly & the cotton exposed, I should think it best to have it watched. If you receive any news from Mr Lazenby please to communicate by first mail as heretofore, & oblige
JAP pr WP

June 16, 1848
C. A. Heineken
Dear Sir,
I have received your two favors of 18th & 22d ultimo the contents duly noticed; I hope & trust your political affairs will mend for the better before this reaches you; I can say as you say, my family is enjoying the best of health. We have for many months past experienced a general scarcity of money, in New York & Boston money at times has been @ 1 per cent per month and at times even more. We have had since this year came in a great many cargo’s, some good & some bad. The greatest part has been sold, some for money & some part on a credit. It would seem that we ought to be well off, but it is not so, money is as scarce as I almost ever have known it to be here. I was glad to notice that you had sold the Tridents cargo, altho I was in hopes to have got more for it, after holding it so long. Perhaps it is as well to have it sold, as I want to avail myself of the money. You say you have opened a credit in London for £1000 & there will be about two thousand more to receive. Being much in want of money, I drew a thousand pounds with directions if they were not willing to advance that amount on oil in their hands, say 600 bbls, they must advise you to provide for the same; on the 9th I drew on Frederick Huth & Co. for one thousand pounds at 60 d/sight, this day I have drawn one other drft for a thousand pounds @ 60 d/sight both of which I wish you to provide for. If Messrs Huth & Co do not think proper to advance I should like for you to open a credit for the balc, as soon as it suits your convenience. I have drawn a drft on you favor of Henry Herrman for one hundred rix dollars @ 60d/sight. The price of common shipping oil stands at about 30¢, good light oil selected for manufacturing purposes sells @ 32 or 33¢ sperm @ 90¢. Bone dull @ 23 or 24¢.
JAP
pr steamer Hermann from New York June 20th

June 16, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
Gentlemen
I had the pleasure on the 9th instant as per duplicate annexed, since which I have received none of your favor’s to reply too. I have this day drawn on you another drft for one thousand pounds dated the 16th inst at 60d/sight payable to my own order (No 3) which please to honor and, as remarked in my former letter, if it does not entirely coincide with your pleasure to charge this or the former drft, against the sperm oil in your hands, you will please to advise Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co. (to whom I have written pr steamer Hermann) and they will remit the same on my account. I have received advices from them that they have already opened a credit in my favor of £1000.
JAP

June 16, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
Enclosed I send you my drft on Frederick Huth & Co London for one thousand pounds sterling which I wish you to sell on my a/c whenever you think the best time before the regular steamer departs for England, and advise as heretofore. I also send a letter for F. Huth & Co. which I will thank you to forward by the same steamer or one which will go as soon as the enclosed bill. & oblige
JAP pr WP

June 20, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 17th came duly to hand the contents of which has had due attention. The bill against the Messrs Nye’s will be credited to you when collected. In regard to my whale oil (which is a portion of the Gratitudes cargo just landed) I find on examining a portion of it that the quality is not uniformily light colored. Perhaps 500 600 bbls of good quality might be selected from my share of the cargo which I would sell at 32¢ cash, your reply by return mail. Selected N.W. Coast whale oil could be bought this day @ 32¢ cash but nothing short of this price & terms will command it. 30¢ is freely offered here to day for whale oil shipping quality. Holders refer to sell at that. I do not hear of any transactions in sperm oil.
JAP p WP

June 20, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Dear Sir’s
Will you pleaseto place to the credit of J. B. Congdon cashr the proceeds of the bill of exchange of a thousand pounds last sent, together with the balance of six hundred fifty nine 92/100 dollars due me on sales of the last bill sold.
JAP

June 20, 1848
Messrs Hough & Smith
Gentleman
Agreeable to our understanding with your Mr Hough when here I paid Mr Henry E. Culp order to Mr. Ewes for $68.40/100 being for the balance his outfits in my ship Alexander and I have now to advise you that I have this day drawn on you for the amount at sight favor J. B. Congdon cashr which you will please to pay and by so doing my charge against Mr Culp will be cancelled. I had the money you left with me exchanged to specie & placed the same in the care of Capt Black for Mr Culp during the voyage. The Alexander sailed 23d May all hands in good health & spirits particularly Mr Culp.
JAP p. WP

June 22, 1848
Cyrus Lothrop 2d Esq.
Dr. Sir,
Your favor of 21st came to hand last evening. In reply, I have only to state that the Merchants Bank have not the money to accommodate you with the discount required. And will not be in funds to do so on the first of next month.
JAP pr WP

June 24, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 21st came duly to hand: Since which the agents of ship Gratitude have marked off my share of the whale oil and on looking it over I find 500 bbls handsome sweet oil which I shall ship by the Republic next tripp & probably about 50 bbls more from a lott I had from the Majestic cargo. There is a good demand for whale oil such as I have selected for you @ 32¢ least and for shipping quality 30¢ pr. gallon. Good sperm 90¢.
JAP p. WP

June 24, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your favour of 15th with check on Boston for twenty five hundred dollars came to hand on the 17th inst and yours of 22d with check for three thousand dollars I recd this morning. Both sums are to your credit under date of their reception. The sales quoted @ 88½¢ for sperm oil were small forced sales for cash and is not the fair market since 90¢ is the lowest price for good sperm at which price 200 bbls have been sold this day. I do not think that sperm oil will be any lower this season but on the contrary should not be surprised if it advanced to 100¢ within six weeks. Nearly all that has arrived in sperm ships the owners are storing for the fall & winter prices. Handsome sweet N.W. whale oil is selling @ 32¢ at which price I have sold 5 to 600 bbls to Judd’s Sons & Co and there are plenty of purchasers here from Boston & other places who are willing to pay 32¢ with privilige of selecting. Ground tier & shipping quality commands 30¢ for export. I do not yet find that there is any such person in New Bedford as Rueben Howland, shall continue the inquiry & if I find their is will write you respecting him & his business. Will you please to send me by the first vessel bound to New Bedford a half bbl of small crackers the same kind as the last you sent me.
JAP pr WP

June 26, 1846 [sic]
William S. Toole Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 24th I received this morning. As it regards the a/c with bark Mazeppa you will please account to me for the 1/3 earnings of said bark. I wish you to make up the a/c’s & place 1/3 proffit or loss to my a/c and advise me each time the a/c’s are balanced, so that I may know how you get along & draw for any funds to my credit. Capt Thacher will settle his own wages without any refference to me, but the earnings of the vessell he will not interfere with except through me.
JAP pr WP

[The following letter is crossed out in its entirety]
June 27, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co.
Gentlemen
Confirming my respects of the 16th inst per duplicate annexed and not having any of your favors to reply to I have nothing new to add: Sperm oil is in good demand @ 90¢ per best quality: Importers are pretty generally storing their oil under the belief that in the course of two months the price will be nearly or quite one dollar per gallon.
(over)

June 27, 1848
Messrs Frederick. Huth & Co
Gentlemen,
Referring to the annexed duplicate of my respects of the 16th inst, and not having recd any of your favor’s since that date, I have nothing new to add. Sperm oil is in good demand at 90¢ per gallon for first quality, but importers are not generally disposed to accept that price, but prefer storing untill fall, under the firm beleef that the price will be 100¢ by September or before. Will you please send to the “Inland Post Office, St Martins le grand” and pay postage 1/8d on letter No 13079 directed to Mr P. Tompkins New Bedford and charge my a/c.
JAP

June 27, 1848
Messrs Chandler & Dean
Gents
Your favor is received. It is our intention to be in Plympton on Friday next if nothing takes place to prevent us; on Saturday morn at the farthest.
Yours in haste
JAP pr WP

June 27, 1848
Mr. G. Eddy, Esq.
Sir,
I received your esteemed favor of 20th inst and duly noticed its contents. It is my intention to be at your office on Friday next. As it will be settling day at Plympton on Saturday I may be detained until Saturday morning.
JAP p. WP

June 28, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
Above you have invoice of whale oil shipped on board sloop Republic now ready to sail the first fair wind, amt to your debit, under date of 24th inst $5721.76 which please to cr me in a/c if found correct. The two hundred bbls sperm oil bot of Frederick Parker is also on board as requested. I do not insure the cargo. There were sales of whale oil yesterday to the extent of over 3000 bbls mostly to Boston houses for manufacturing @ 32¢ cash and that price is freely offered for more. Some rather inferior sold at 32¢. I do not hear of any sales of sperm. 90¢ was offered by Mr. Kidder yesterday. Freight of oil p. Republic 16¢
JAP p WP

July 1, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 30th ult is at hand with a check on Shawmut Bank for fifteen hundred dollars. I shall want from you including this check eight thousand dollars for the first paymt of my note to Mr. Arnold. If it is not convenient to remit the whole or a part I can draw on you at five days sight or date as may best suit your selves, which information I must have by the first boat as money is as scarce here or more so than with you. No discounts to be had in this city. A man must work on his own recources. My note must be paid when due. I think oil is at its lowest. 90¢ for a good article is the lowest price it will be. I know of little to be bot at that price (now boiling over). What oil there is of a fair quality is stowed away for a dollar. In fact, I know of no good lot of 3 to 5 hundred barrels to be bot at 90¢. There is several ships may be expected this fall. When they arrive their will be oil for sale. At present there is no good lot to bot at a fair price.
JAP

July 3, 1848
E. Haynes Jr. Esq.
Treasurer of the Norfolk Railroad Co.
Sir
Enclosed is two hundred & fifty dollars, J. B. Congdons check on Suffolk Bank which is the amt of the sixth installment on said road.
JAP

July 3, 1848
William Gray, Esq.
I here enclose you J. B. Congdon cashier check on Suffolk Bank for one thousand dolls, it being the 7th installment of the Atlantic Cotton Mill.
JAP

July 3, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Dear Sir’s,
I here enclose you J B. Congdon check for twenty nine hundred & forty five dollars. On 4th May I paid fifty five dollars over the amount the installment then due. This check with the other $55 completes my subcription on said road. Please send the certificate of stock. I should like to hear some good a/c from the road. I wish to know what we are to expect from the Philadelphia & Baltimore Railroad and how near we are to a dividend.
JAP

July 3, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 28th June with Washburn & Co. check on Willis & Co. Boston for two thousand dollars came to hand on the 30th ulto and yours of the 30th ultimo with check on Shoe & Leather Dealers Bank Boston for five thousand dollars came to hand this morning which sums are to your credit respectively & also $3.50¢ for ½ bbl crackers per Henry Clay. I take due notice of your remarks respecting the purchases of sperm oil to the extent of 2000 bbls if to be had at present rates or less as oppy may offer. I am making enquireys and will report in a few days the exact state of the market and what can be done. I am of the oppinion however that but very little if any can be obtained of good quality at 90¢. As I wrote you before the best & largest portion of the sperm oil is stored for higher prices and unless money continues scarce some time longer, none of the holders will sell at any price very near the present rates. Our only chance at present is from those that have not yet stored. There has been large sales of whale oil @ 32¢ for manufacturing.
JAP p WP

July 5, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 3d is received enclosing one thousand dollars check, which is to your credit. I have drawn on you in favor of J. B. Congdon cashr for five thousand five hundred dollars at five days sight. You will please inform me when the drft will be paid. No sales of oil, the holders are holding on for better prices, most of the holder’s of sperm oil will not name a price.
JAP

July 5, 1848
H. D. Forbes Esq.
Dear sir,
Your favor of 8th May is before me, it being received when I was in Michigan, I have had no oppertunity to answer it before. In answer to its contents, in my advanced age I cannot permit any man to incumber me with any business that I can shake off. Therefore I must beg to be excused from any incumberance as proposed in your letter.
JAP

[no date]
Lieut. Samuel Lockwood,
Dear Sir,
Your favor of 16th ultimo is recd. Having been absent considerable of the time, is my apology for not answering it before. It would have been a pleasure to me if I could have granted your request. I have no money to spare to any one, having a use for all my funds in the way of my business. I am glad to learn of your all being in good health and hope it may continue. My family are enjoying good health, excepting Ann D. She seems to be complaining, not sick and far from being well. Sarah L. came on with hir family. Hir little boy Lewis was very sick when they came. The doctor’s in New York pronounced him a dead child if he continued there. After being here a week, he began to mend. He is now in a fair way to be smart again and they think of returning home in all next week. I have I think of nothing further to communicate.
JAP

July 6, 1848
William Gray Esq.
Treasr
Dear Sir
Yours of 5th is received with the receipt for the 7th installment on my subscription for ten shares Atlantic Cotton Mill stock. You remark that there is due from me $3 33/100 dollars for int on the 6th & 7th installment. I will cause that amount to be paid at your office as soon as an oppy offers to send it, after I am informed when I am to receive intrest on all the payment made on a/c of this stock from Jany 1 ’48 at which time I recd int on previous payment’s. I thought it probable that intrest would be calculated to July 1 and that there would be a balance of intrest due, rather than to you when I forwarded the last check.
JAP

July 12, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 7th with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dolls came to hand on the morning of the 10 inst. I have defered writing you for several days waiting the result of some negotition respecting some lotts of sperm oil out of town expecting the offer of some at about ninety cents but am disapointed. The lowest price at which I can purchase good oil is 92¢ cash down and not any quanity at that price. The holders here are asking 95¢ for that stored unless prehaps some may take a cent or two less for the sake of money desire but it so happens that the most of them are not very much in need of cash at present. I shall continue to keep watch of the market and report to you. Selected NW whale oil sells for 33¢ & 33½¢. There was a cargo of superior quality hardly middling take it together, sold this morning @ 32¢ including ground tier dark &c. There is one or two small lotts of sperm oil, which came in right whalers, which could be bought @ 90¢–91¢ cash but the quality is too poor for your purpose take it together to much dark & black in it.
JAP p. WP

July 13, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favor of 12th is at hand; I shall collect the bill of empty oil casks of Messrs Nye’s as soon as they are landed. Mr. Nye requests me to say to you that they have not received the two casks as per your bill of 14th June “pr brig Tyleston” they have no knowledge of them whatever & object to paying the bill of $5 29/100.
I notice what you remark about the prices of sperm & whale oil in New York. If you are in want of any, I advise you to purchase there, as no good sperm oil can be purchased in this market under 92¢ cash and but little at that price: Nearly all of this kind of oil is stored and held @ 95¢ & over. As it regards the N.W. whale oil pr Republic, I was not aware that there was any bilgy oil among it. I am shure there was no ground tier oil sent as it was all put by itself on the wharf and not a cask had been removed when yours was all on board. When the acct of your oil was taken, the casks were all as full as they should be. If any not handsome, it must have been a mistake of our cooper who had the care of its selection & marking, in port. Yesterday the balance of the “Gratitudes” cargo (2200 bbls) including the whole of the ground tier & dark oil was sold @ 32¢—and as high as 33 or 33½¢ has been paid here for selected N. W. oil.
JAP pr WP

July 15, 1848
Richard Borden Esq.
Dear Sir,
Yours of yesterday with Thos Mickell Jr drft for three hundred thirty seven 50/100 dollars for acceptance, came to hand this morning. Enclosed I return the drft accepted.
JAP pr WP

July 18, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
London
Gentlemen
I have the pleasure to acknowledge your favor of 30th ultimo advising the acceptance of my drft for £1000 due 28th Augt. I am ready to order remittance from Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co for this and the subsequent drfts drawn upon you, whenever it is your pleasure that I should do so, having funds in their hands & advices from them that they are ready to remit &c. I notice your remarks respecting the state of your market for sperm oil, that there is still less pospect of obtaining my limits, prices having declined with you &c. Notwithstanding all this I have confidence in a better prospect this fall, the article having already advanced to 93 or 95¢ in this market with a fair demand at the last mentioned price, which indicates the feeling in regard to prices the coming fall. Under date of 15th inst, I drew on you in favor of myself @ 60 d/sight for £316.8:5d (No 4) which you will please to honor and place to my account. Annexed please notice duplicate of my respects of the 27th June (pr “Caledonia” via N. York).
JAP

July 20, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your favor of 14th inst, with check on Boston for three thousand dollars, I received Monday morn. 17th inst and your favor of 18th with check for three thousand dollars came to hand this morning contents duly noticed. As it regards whale oil, I have been endeavoring, since the receipt of your favor of 14th, to purchase the 1000 bbls you require, but as yet I have not succeeded in making any headway. I cannot find any person, holding good, sweet N.W. oil, such as you require, that is willing to name a price at present. I could purchase some small parcels at about 33 or 33½¢ but there would not be more than half or 2/3d of them suitable for manufacturing. It is my opinion that it will be as well to waite untill some one is ready to sell. I see nothing to warrant an advance.

In respect to sperm oil, I have to remark that on Tuesday last, finding it to be about the only chance, I purchased about 500 bbls of verry handsome sperm oil, as it was filled up from the ship, the first of this month @ 95¢ and I am this day storing the same, and I also purchased, in connection with another person, a cargo of about 1700 bbls good sperm oil (some few casks rather dark) at a little less than 95¢. I now offer you the priviledge of taking any part or the whole of these two lotts at 95¢ per gallon, the same as if purchased expressly for you that day, that is, 95¢, you paying me 1½ comis, expence of storing, insurance and interest from the 18th inst. Your reply by return mail. Since the 18th there has been several sales of sperm oil @ 95¢ & I believe all has been taken that could be had at that price.
JAP

July 22, 1848
Mr. Coggeshall
Dear Sir
I here enclose a statement of your notes as p agreement the balance you will pleas to remit, say $63.22. Money was never harder then at this time.
JAP

July 24, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro
Gentlemen
I here enclose you two bills of exchange, one thousand pounds each on Frederick Huth & Co London, which you will please to sell by the next packet, unless a prospect of the bills being better, in which case you may hold them a few days. When sold please deposit the nett proceeds in Suffolk Bank to cr J. B. Congdon cashr of Merchants Bank and advise.
JAP

July 25, 1848
Thomas J. Coggeshall, Esq.
Dr. Sir,
Yours of 24th is received with fifty dollars and eighty five cents which is not the balance due me within $7.50. I find on examination that a mistake was made in casting dis on Nathaniel Coggeshall note of 4.88¢ as you state, but I also find that I was correct as to the Lincoln note it was dated June 19th and payable in 4 mos at Suffolk Bank and will, of course fall due Oct 22d instead of Sept as you say. You will please send me the $7.50 and oblige
JAP p. WP

July 25, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co.
Gentlemen
Refering to the annexed duplicate of my respects of the 18th instant I have now the pleasure to acknowledge receipt of your valued favor of the 7th instant advising acceptance of my drft for £1000 due 7th September next. I take notice that you do not at present require any remittances from Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co. on a/c of the above former draft presuming that you were disposed to let the same remain to my a/c as advance against the sperm oil. I have drawn under date of 24th two drfts for one thousand pounds each @ 60 days sight in favor of myself and have requested Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co. to remit to you in time to meet the same which I hope will meet your approbation. (P.S. I have no objections to having the above mentioned drfts, to stand charged to my a/c if it is quite as agreeable to you.
JAP

July 25, 1848
Capt Jonathan Hillman
You have been a sort of agent for the Mazeppa since Capt Thatcher was about to sail for New Orleans. I should like to receive some a/c of the last voyage. I think it best to settle up every voyage.
JAP

July 25, 1848
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co.
Gentlemen
Referring to my last respects of 16th ultmo per steamer Hermann, I have now to acknowledge receipt of your favor of 11th June with acct. sales of whale oil ex. “Trident” which I find to be correct and have charged you with the nett proceeds rx 49,577.03 gr due 30th April 1848. I was somewhat disappointed in the result, as I before wrote you, but feel satisfied that you acted according to your best judgement under the circumstances. On the 14th inst I recd a letter from Mr A. C. Heineken dated Papiete (Society Islands) March 22d ’48 with Capt. Nitcher’s drft on E. Sawin Esq. for five hundred & fifty dollars @ 20d/sight, with instructions to collect and place the same to your credit. The drft was duly accepted and falls due 8th Augt which you will please to notice.

Mr Heineken spoke of there being a prospect of his making a further remittance soon, but none has come to hand. I have received advice from Messrs Frederick Huth & Co. that they do not require any remittances from you, at present, to meet my drfts on them of £2000 as before advised. And being now in want of money, which is difficult to be obtained here, I have drawn on Messrs F. Huth & Co. by steamer from Boston tomorrow, two drafts for £1000 each @ 60 d/s and have written them that you would remit in time to meet the same, adding a poscript, however, that I had no objection to have the amt. stand to my debit, if quite as agreeable to them. Messrs J. Dunbar & Co. have sent a cargo of whale oil to Bremen per ship Timoleon which vessel sailed hence on the 12th inst. I learn that the ship & cargo is not consigned to your house. Whale oil for export is selling for about 32¢ & for manufacturing 33 or 35¢. The stock is not large for the season. It is uncertain what course the article will take. Money is so scarce that it may cause a decline. Sperm oil is worth 93 or 95¢ according to quality. Bone 23¢.
JAP
additional to above July 25, 1848
My Dear Son & Daughter Averick,
Having a spare leaf to write a few lines to let you know how we all are at this time. My health is perfectly good, feeling the effects of old age creeping along: Your Aunt Mary is as well as usual for hir. She is not enjoying the best of health. Mary Fish is with us. She is much better than when she came here. All the rest of the family I can say are enjoying the best of health with a few exceptions. Betsey & Ann have frequent ill turns. Averick Allen is declining and in all probability will never be any better. She has been at New York with a celebrated physician, he did hir no good. He advised hir to go south, accordingly she went to Richmond Virginia, & came home no better. She has at times lost hir voice. Phebe is better than when you were here. She gets about house by the aid of chairs, does not get rid of the hickups & spasms entirely. I have said about all I can think to say about the family. Have only one remark more, that I feel proud of my housekeeper. I hope you will soon make up your mind to come over and see for yourselves and bring your family again. Will you please to procure & send the first oppertunity 1 doz. black silk stockings large size for your Aunt Mary, ½ doz pair for myself. Give my love to all the children. Tell them that I have not forgotten them. Your Aunt Mary sends hir best love to you all.
Your’s
JAP

[the following letter is in Parker’s hand]
July 27, 1848
Oliver Parker Esq,
Sir
I here inclose you sixty dollars in B. bill to pay my tax the ballance to give me cr for pleas to acknolidge the rcpt of the mony as there were no other oppertunity only by mail.
[no signature]

July 27, 1848
J. Gooding
Care of Sturtevant Edwards & Co.}
Dr. Sir,
Yours of 24th addressd to Mr. Phillips came duly to hand accepting my offer of 92¢ for your share of the Lalla Rookh’s sperm oil. Above you will notice a memo a/c showing nine hundred & fifteen dollars to be paid you. Enclosed I send you check on Suffolk Bank for nine hundred & fifteen dollars, payable to Sturtevant Edwards & Co as per your request. You will please acknowledge receipt of the same, which will stand charged to you untill the ships a/c’s are made up. I think you may have to pay back some part of the above.
JAP pr WP

July 28, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 22d & 24th inst came duly to hand the latter covering check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars and your drft on E. D. Brigham & Co payable in 2 months from 16th for $1681.83, both of which are to your credit. I notice you conclude to take the lott of about 500 bbl’s sperm oil purchased by me the 18th inst @ 95¢ and have charged the same to you, in new a/c. Enclosed I send my acct, with you, made up to July 31, ’48. Balance in my favor of $51,224.97¢ which please to enter in conformity. If found correct; I have calculated the interest @ 6% except on the last purchase made for you, which is at 7% interest. In whale oil there has been no material change in the market since my last of the 20th. There is about half of a cargo (say about 1200 bbls) which the owners will sell at about 32¢, but the oil is not handsome; take it together, and will not suit your purpose. There is a ship expected in a few days with a large cargo of N.W. whale oil. The capt. has always brot handsome oil. The owners will no doubt sell soon after arrivall, as they want money. Within a few days past there has been much activity in the sperm oil market. Considerable sales have taken place on private terms. Nearly all the oil in market for sale has been bought and I know of but one or two parcels to be had @ 95¢.
JAP pr WP

July 29, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen
I have none of your favors since the 11th inst with the bill of oil cask to Mr Nye, then forwarded. I have not yet collected. Mr Nye remarked that he felt entitled to some renumeration for loss & disappointment in not receiving the whole of the oil cask from Arnolda’s cargo according to aggreement, and stated that they were willing to leave the whole matter for me to name the amount of damage or otherwise. Enclosed I forward your a/c current made up to July 31st 1848. Balance in my favor of $37,279.60 which please to enter in conformity if found correct. There is no material change in the whale oil market. Prices range from 32 to 33½¢ according to quality, for prime selected oil 34 or 36¢ is demand for that in store. In sperm oil considerable transactions have taken place within a week on private terms. Nearly all the oil in market for sale has been bought up. I know of but one or two parcels to be had @ 95¢.
JAP p. WP

July 29, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co
Gentlemen
Confirming the contents of my respects of the 25th instant as per duplicate annexed; I have again the pleasure to acknowledge receipt of your esteemed favor of the 14th inst, informing me that you were quite willing to let the two drafts drawn on you the 9th & 16th June for £1000 each remain as an advance against the sperm oil in your hands, which is verry agreeable to me. I have this day made another drft upon you @ 60d/sight in favor of Edward L. Baker Treasr for three hundred fifty nine pounds, nine shillings & nine pence, which please to honor & Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co. will remit for the same & oblige
JAP pr WP

August 2, 1848
$440
Recd of J. E. Thayer & Bro four hundred & forty dollars it being the dividend of 4% due on my one hundred & ten shares of the Auburn & Rochester Railroad stock declared Augst 1, 1848.
JAP

Messrs J. E. Thayer & Brother
Gentts
Please to deposit the above amount $440 to cr. J. B. Congdon cashr Merchants Bank and much oblige
JAP

August 2, 1848
Edward Haynes Esq.
Sir
I here enclose you J B Congdons cashr check on Suffolk Bank for two hundred & fifty dollars being the 7th installment.
JAP
P.S. Please to say what progress your roads are making and give some general outline of the cast of the road & where it commences & where it terminates &c. &c.
JAP

August 5, 1848
Messrs. Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentts,
Your favor of 2d inst came duly to hand contents particularly noticed. I have credited you with $5.97 according to your a/c and make the balance due to me on the 31st of July $37,273.63 corresponding with your a/c. Messrs J. Dunbar & Co have accepted your drft for $774.73 due Feby 1/4 1849, which will appear to your credit in due course. Within the week past I do not hear of any transactions in sperm oil. Buyer’s having withdrawn from the market, holders demand 95¢ for it without variation in those that are disposed to sell now—probably 94¢ cash down would buy some small lotts. In whale oil there has been but little done this week. I here of two or three small lotts sold @ 34 or 34½¢ per selected & 32 or 33¢ per inferior quality. Last Saturday a lott of ground tier with a considerable dark amongst, of about 1400 bbls was sold at 31¢. In reply to your enquiry as to what extent I have purchased per acct of our Albany friends, I have purchased 500 bbls for them any further quantity I cannot at present inform you, it being not fully determind upon until further advices from them.
JAP by WP

August 5, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
On the 31st ultimo I received your favor of 28th with check on the Merchants Bank Boston for twenty five hundred dollars which was placed to your credit. Since my letter of 28th July there has not been so much enquiry for sperm oil, and I do not hear of sales to any extent. Holders are firm at 95¢ per a good article prehaps 94¢ cash down would command some small lotts tho I do not know of any particular person that would accept that price. Having bought of the person connected with me in the purchase of the 1700 bbls sperm oil (refered to in my letter of 20th July) his intrest in the same by paying him ½% commission on the whole. I am now prepared to place this lott of oil to your account at the cost which was 93¢ cash on the 18th of July with the addition of the above named ½% and making my usual charges. The oil is stored in a good place and is in first rate order. The cask are excellent & extra hooped. The quality of the oil better than middling it is very clean & not more brown oil than there was in the Arnoldas cargo bot for Judd’s Sons & Co in April last which was called a very good cargo. In whale oil there is not much doing. Last Saturday 1400 bbls was sold @ 31¢ mostly ground tier & dark oil the best of the cargo selected and stored. One small sale of selected oil @ 32 or 33½¢ according to quality. The above are all the transactions that have come to my knowledge. I am still on the look out for some good oil for your a/c but have not found any that the quality & price could warrent me in taking.
JAP p. WP

August 10, 1848
pr Telegraph
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
The last communication from you is dated 28th July. I hope to receive a remittance from you soon. I have a large amount to pay on the 11th.
JAP

August 15, 1848
Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Your favor of 11th with check on Suffolk Bank for four thousand dollars came to hand on Monday morn 14th for which I am much obliged to you. I notice that you conclude not to take 1700 bbls sperm as proposed in my last and choose to defer any further purchases for the present: which possibly may be the better course for you to pursue. I offered to place this lott of oil to your account at the exact cost to me, when assertained, not however with any desire to urge it upon you, but supposing that you might consider it my duty to do so, as I was then holding instructions from you to purchase about that quantity at the market price. It is however just as agreeable to me for the oil to remain my own, as I have full confidence that I shall realize a proffit upon it before the next manufacturing season is over. The market remains quite inactive with but little demand. I do not hear of any sales the past week, holders demand the same price say 94 or 95¢ for sperm of good quality. There is not much doing in whale oil, some small lotts of 2d quality of North West was sold last week @ 32½¢ 33½ ¢. 34½ ¢ is asked for selected.
JAP pr WP

August 16, 1848
Mrs. E. W. Russell
Madam,
I recd yours of 7th inst and now enclose to you my check for thirty dollars payable to your order. My last letters from the Young Phenix are dated Hobarts Town Feby 4th 1848. Ship tight 1750 bbls sperm on board and bound to West Coast of New Holland.
JAP pr WP

August 17, 1848
Richard Borden Esq.
Dear Sir,
Yours of this morning with my acceptance for $337.50 enclosed. I have this moment recd. Above I send you my drft at sight on Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co New York for the above named amt which I hope will be satisfactory.
JAP pr WP

August 17, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
I have nothing new to communicate. There has been little or no transactions in sperm or whale oil in this market since my last. Holders demand the same prices, no buyer’s in market. The New York papers indicate that money is plenty in New York. If so, and it is perfectly agreeable to you, to remit me about five thousand dollars on or before the 23d instant. It will do me a particular favor, as money never was closer here than at the present time. Having a little bill to pay at Fall River of $337.50 I have drawn on you at sight for that amt favor of Col Richard Borden agent, which you will please to pay & charge to my a/c.
JAP

August 19, 1848
Charles P. Williams Esq.
Dear Sir,
I take the liberty of introducing to you the bearer Mr Jacob Parker of this city, a nephew of mine who holds a draft on Mr Charles Mallory agent of ship “Aeronaut” of Mystic for $7301.08 @ 60 days sight with a bill of ladon for 92 packages of oil & 88 bundles whale bone on board said ship as security for the payment of said drft. Mr Parker being unacquainted with any gentlemen in Mystic, which is also the case with myself, I have taken refered Mr. P. to you for advice & counsil in relation to the above business, which you will please do me the favor to afford him, as may be convenient for you, and which favor I shall be pleased to reciprocate.
JAP

August 19, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Yours of 18th is received. I felt in hope that money was quite easy with you at this time and that it would not discomode you perhaps to remit me $5000 or a part of it at least as it would be an especial favor: but it appears that such is not the case. I am very much obliged however for the desposition manifested by you to accommodate me were it convenient for you to do so. I will endeavor to settle with Mr Nye about the cask soon and advise you accordingly. Having a rather unexpected call yesterday for a bill of flour I took the liberty again to draw on you in favor of Messrs A & C. Seabury & Co at 3 days sight for six hundred sixty eight 37/100 dollars which I hope you will duly honor and place to my a/c. I do not here of any transactions in sperm or whale oil within the present week.
JAP p. WP

August 22, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Yours of 18th with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand on the morning of the 21st. I take due notice of your order for a hundred bbls whale oil, and have to inform you that I had not made any purchases of whale oil on your a/c, up to that time; In looking for the 100 bbls, I fell in with a lott of about 220 bbls, two or three small owner’s shares of the handsomest cargo of whale oil that has been landed at this port or Fairhaven this season; which I purchased @ 32¢ cash and as the Republic, Capt Sowle, is ready for a tripp to Albany, I have concluded to ship the whole of it by hir, to sail in a day or two. The greater part of this oil verry handsome, some few casks not perfectly sweet, & some few South Sea oil. I think it a verry cheap lott of oil. I could not buy a 100 bbls selected short of 34½ or 35¢. I am negotiating for more of the same cargo for you, & may have to pay a little more.
JAP pr WP
[The rest of this letter, and subsequent correspondence, suggests that “a hundred bbls whale oil” should have been a thousand.]

August 24, 1848
Messrs Hill Bent & Perige
Toledo
Dear Sir,
Since my return from your city, I have made arrangements with Judge Perscott & Jno. Williams who were appointed trustees to our land in Toledo &c to imploy you gentlemen as our agents or rather there agents in all matters and things growing out of the transactions of J. R. Williams. I shall be pleased to here from you what progress you have made in the business. Mr. Clark I persume is no longer agent since my return. I have seen J. R. Williams & find by him he has an intrest in a portion of the property & approve you appointment as general agents he being acquainted with all the transactions you may have occasion to correspond with him on the business &c.
JAP

August 24, 1848
Messrs Cydon & Jones
of Chicago
Gentlemen Some time since I have heard from you inderstanding your city was in a thriving condition poppulating very fast. Will you please to inform me how my property stands in your city together with the other property you have of mine under your agency. My son Frederick Parker & my self having dissolved our copartnership & all the lands under your agency are conveyed to me.
JAP

August 29, 1848
Charles L. Wood Esq.
Dear Sir,
I have been informed by one of the principals of a note of five thousand dollars upon which you are security which falls due on the 7th of next month that said note will not be paid. Under these circumstances I feel called upon to inform you of this declaration as you are joint promisor, & that I shall expect payment for said note at Merchants Bank, whose property, said note now is.
JAP

August 29, 1848
Edward W. Howland Esq.
Dear Sir,
I have been informed by one of the principals of a note of five thousand dollars upon which you are surety, which falls due on the 7th of next month, that said note will not be paid; under these circumstances I feel called upon to inform you of this declaration, as you are joint promisor, & that I shall expect payment for said note, at the Merchants Bank, whose property it now is.
JAP

September 1, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 28th ultimo is recd. My apology for not being more punctual in paying my installments to the railroad. Having large payments to make the fact is I have not had the money to spare. I will in a few days pay the first installment & the other soon after. The last installment tenth or any part of it I shall be willing for you to dispose of as I anticipate money will be scarce here. Though the fall or staple article sperm oil is now very dull sale for money my main dependence is sales of sperm oil. I have several cargoes on hand say about five thousand barrels.
JAP

September 1, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Your favor of 25th with check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand dollars came to hand the 28th ultimo. I have this day drawn on you at 5 days sight for twelve hundred twenty six 25/100 dollars favor of A. & C. Seabury & Co which you will please to honor and charge to my a/c. The arrangement for you making a remittance regularly once a week is very satisfactory, and if you please you can deduct the above draft from the remittance you would otherwise make the week which that falls due. I have no change to notice in the price of sperm oil or whale. I do hear of any sales of sperm oil. Some whale is changing hands at 32 or 33¢ pr export selected 34 or 34½¢. P.S. Please inform me how you like the oil per “Republic.” Have not yet bot any more of it wanting to hear from that per “Republic.”
JAP by WP

[the following letter is in Parker’s hand]
September 2, 1848
George B Upton Esq.
Dr Sr I here inclose you a check on Suffolk Bank recd from Wickes & Tillinghast for two thousand dollars which will pay my first installment to remaining part payment of the secon installment &c &c
JAP

September 4, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Dear Sir,
Your favor of 1st with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand this morning. The Republic arrived this morning. Capt Sowle remarked that you mentioned to him about taking the 500 bbls sperm oil belonging to you, this tripp to Albany. If you wish me to ship it by him, please advise by return mail. The even month storage & ins. expires on the 19th inst. There will not be any thing saved by taking it out before. In consequence of the favorable news form the north of Europe; whale oil is held more firmly. A sale of 200 bbls sperm oil last week @ 95¢ on time with intrest added and there are buyer’s in the market at the same price.
P.S. I expected to have heard from you about the quality of the 200 bbls pr Republic. Do you wish me to fill the order for 1000 bbls or any part thereof, please direct by return mail.
JAP by WP

[The following letter is in Parker’s hand.]
[no date]
George B Upton Esq.
Dr Sir your favour of 4 is recd I here inclose you J B Congdon cashr check on Suffolk Bank for eight hundred dollars & a ticket [?] for two hundred makeing in all three thousand dollars including the last remittance which you will send me the convertable bonds &c.
JAP

September 5, 1848
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dr. Sir,
Your favor of 12th ultimo is recd. Having made up my mind not to enter into any further speculations untill I learn how much I loose by the late speculations. Yours of 20th with invoice of furniture which amt, you may if you please, place to my account. The furniture suits all hands, first rate, all arrived safe & good order; We are well and send our best respects to you & family.
Remain your friend
JAP

[the following letter is in Parker’s hand.]
September 7 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
I recd your favour of 6th inclosing the three bonds and a ballance due of $14.68 ct which I have inclosed Mr Congdon check for the same amt.
JAP

September 7, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 5th came to hand this afternoon. I notice your remarks respecting the shipment of the 500 bbls sperm oil & shall probably send it by the Republic to reach there about the 20th inst. I also notice your report of the quality of the 200 bbls whale oil last sent, and in my opinion you have put the differance between that oil & selected N.W. oil, full high, as W. O. fotts is worth 4 7/8¢ cash. You are perhaps aware that the quality of all the whale oil imported this year has averaged poorer than formerly, and it has been & is now, almost impossible to obtain liberty to go into a cargo and select the verry best of it, without paying an unreasonable price. The selected oil, so called, which has been in market this summer, has not been all first rate, the importer selecting himself for storing does invariably crowd in a few objectionable casks & refuse further selection. This fact together with the expectation of the arrival of the Magnolia & other ships from whose cargo’s I expected an oppertunity to buy at a reasonable rate (of which I advised you) has been the cause of my not filling your order for 1000 bbls selected N.W. oil before. After writing you on the 4th inst I found there was quite extensive movements in whale oil, and it being impossible to hold on to a refusal I had obtained from the owners of the Fairhaven oil (same cargo of the 200 bbls) of 665 bbls I purchased on that day, say 325 bbl’s @ 32½¢ cash down, & 340 bbls @ 33¢ cash, thinking the oil would suit you, considering the price, as I was informed that day that 500 bbls selected had been sold @ 35¢ (you will notice the movements that day, in the shipping list.

Now Gentlemen, you will please inform me by return mail whether you will take the above lots of oil, or whether you wish me to go into market and purchase the remainder of the 1000 bbls of the best selected North West oil that I can find at the best price I can obtain it (which will probably be full 35¢ average). The state of the market having changed, unexpectedly to me, I desire your views in full, with new instructions, as I am desirous of promoting your interest which I have endeavored to do according to my best judgement.
Sperm oil sells quite briskly @ 95¢ one small lot @ 96¢.
JAP pr WP

September 8, 1848
Mr. Cyrus Lothrop Esq.
Dear Sir
I informd you ten days ago I would supply you with $2000 to pay off your factory hands from 1 Sept to the 9th. On the 4th I had the money packed up and informd Mr Colby and desired him to inform you accordingly. As you have not called for it, I have disposed of the same & cannot supply you with the money.
JAP

September 11, 1848
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gentlemen,
Yours of yesterday with note to balance my bill of whale oil of 24th Augt is recd & above you have bill receipted accordingly.
JAP pr WP

September 12, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent,
Will you please to send me by the very first vessell 45 galls of linseed oil in a cask that will hold it around Cape Horn. Some transactions in oil have transpired since I wrote you last, which I will refer you to the shipping list within a day or two past. It is reported that Mr. Seabury has bot 700 bbls sperm oil of Gibbs & Jenney @ 95¢, other small sales @ 96 or 97¢. In whale selected (not first rate) @ 34 or 35¢ common oil for shipping @ 32¢. I have drawn on you four drfts of two thousand each payable to J. B. Congdon cashr, first dated on 25th ultimo, 2d drft 1st Sept, 3d drft 8th Sept & 4th this day, which on the average will be due about the time the 2d payment due Mr. Arnold. I have drawn several small drafts. I have drawn one other to Abby Hoeg of Brooklyn for ninety dollars at sight which you will please to pay. With much Respect I remain
JAP

September 12, 1848
Mrs. Abby T. Hoeg
Madam,
Your favor 3d came duly to hand contents noticed. Above I send you my drft at sight on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co. for ninety dollars which is within a few cents of your husbands share of oil sent home from the Phenix.
JAP pr WP

September 15, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Dear Sir
Yours of 14th is before me and note the contents. In regard to sperm oil there is not much in the market to be had @ 95¢. I do not know of any good lott to be had at that price. The lot you alude to if had your orders to buy I should not have bot it for you. There is no good lot of oil to be bout @ 95¢ either large or small unless a small cargo arrived at Mattapoisett. I should think it may be bot or a part of it all at that price for cash in hand. Nothing short of cash will buy oil @ 95¢ or 96¢ not much at that. A small sale yesterday @ 96¢ cash. The oil is stowed away. I hold. I am not inclined to accept your offer.
JAP

September 15, 1848
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gent,
I will sell you the 26 casks of whale oil which Mr Tufts saw upon my wharf (out of doors) say about 167 bbls @ 33¢ per gallon your note @ 60 days interest added. Please reply by return mail. & oblige
JAP pr WP

September 15, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent Your favor of 8th covering check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand on the 11th inst, and your favor of 9th came duly to hand accepting the purchase of the two lotts of whale oil refered to in my letter of the 7th inst. One of those lots I have now shipped on board sloop Republic, as per annexd invoice it having been stored in an open field & covered with seaweed, which was removed, I thought it best to ship it to save expence of storage & cartage twice; the other lott can lay for a month & which I insure as last year. I am now putting on board of the Republic what sperm oil of yours she can take which will be about all of the body. She will sail on Sunday or Monday wind &c. permitting. Sales of whale oil @ 35 or 35½ & 36¢ in small lotts. Sperm @ 95¢ & in small lotts at 96¢ which is offered for it on time, but at that price holders demand cash down, & up to 100¢ on time.
JAP per WP

September 15, 1848
Mrs. Mary A. McCleave
Madam
Your favor of 6th came duly to hand. Enclosed I send you my check for one hundred dollars which any of the banks on Nantucket will give you the money for. You will please write to me the news, whenever you receive any from Capt McCleave.
JAP pr WP

September 16, 1848
Thomas J. Coggeshall Esq.
Dear Sir,
One of the notes I had of you is payable at either bank in Providence which bank may be hard to find. It is a large The Bank should been mentioned where payable. I will name the bank when Mr. Congdon can find it. Say Providence Bank in Providence. It is due the 6 & 9th of next month you will notice &c.
JAP

September 18, 1848
Mr. J. Gooding
Dr. Sir,
Enclosed I send you copy of my a/c returns ship Lalla Rookh 4th voyage, your 1/32d balc eight hundred sixty five 11/100 dollars to your credit due 15th inst & annexed you will notice my a/c with you, balanced by my drft at sight for fifty seven 52/100 dollars in favor of J. B. King, in part paymt for the 1/32 said ship purchased at auction, all of which I trust you will find correct & satisfactory. Please to acknowledge receipt of same & oblige
JAP pr WP

September 20, 1848
Capt. Oliver C. Gardner Jr.
Dear Sir
You having command of the good ship “Lalla Rookh” now in readiness for sea, you will proceed on your voyage and endeavor to obtain a cargo of sperm oil previous to your return to this port. In which however should you be disappointed, I prefer you should fill your casks with whale oil rather than bring them home empty. In regard to your cruising ground I give you no positive instructions but shall expect you to be governed by your own judgement. Would reccommend you to spend some time off the River La Plata & so on to the south as the season advances, making your calculations to be about the Kings Mill Groups, the next season for sperm whales among those Islands, unless you should find good whaling on Peru & offshore, in which case you will do well to remain. In fact I believe it always best to remain wherever whales can be found, as long as possible. Should you obtain any oil previous to passing the Islands you will please land the same in care of Mr Dabney at Fayal, to be shipped, if to Boston to my own order, if to New York, to Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co, if to Philadelphia to Alexander H. Campbell, if to Baltimore to Thomas Whitridge & Co. or if you have any oppertunity, this or the other side of Cape Horn, to send oil (provided you are fortunate enough to obtain any) by a whale ship at not over three dollars per bbl, I would reccommend your doing so. You have a large quantity of provisions and every other necessary article to stay along time if need be to obtain a full cargo of oil & I hope you will not fail to make every effort to accomplish it. You will please keep an officer watch on deck when in port or near land to prevent the crew from deserting the ship until they have sufficient oil on board to pay thire debts to the ship which will be about $75 for each green hand without any exception, one hundred dollars for boatsteerers, one hundred & fifty for the mate (2d mate & cooper nothing) to which you must add 25 pr ct & ten dollars for fitting ship. If you discharge any of them charge the above amt and if too much I will pay it back to them here. Discharge no man except according to law. Give them an order (if you do not pay them off), specifying the quantity of oil they helped obtain subject to all claims of the ship & ows. You have a memo book containing a list of all the articles on board (or nearly so) with the cost prices against the same except slops. Dont fail to ask a good price when you sell but rather than bring home too many things you had better sell at cost if no more can be obtained at the end of the voyage. You must not fail to write very opportunity and inform me how you progress. If you have an oppertunity to write by way of England, direct to Jno. A. Parker New Bedford USA, care of Frederick Huth & Co. London. I hope you will not have occasion to draw for money having so much on board for trade but if necessary for you to do so I shall duly honor the same to a reasonable amount. Wishing you a prosperous voyage & safe return I remain yours &c
JAP by WP

September 22, 1848
Edwarad Haynes Esq.
Sir
I here enclose you Jas B. Congdon cashier check on Suffolk Bank, Boston for $250 which is for 8th assessment of the Norfolk County Railroad. Please to inform me when the railroad will be opened.
JAP

September 25, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your favor of 15th with check on Boston for two thousand dollars came to hand on the 18th inst, and your favor of 22d with check on Suffolk Bank for two thousand dollars came to hand this morning. The latter part of last week their were quite extensive sales of sperm oil at advance prices—say 200 bbls @ 97½ ¢ 1400 bbls @ 98¢ and about 600 bbls @ 100¢ per gallon, which is now the market price. Sales of whale oil, ground tier & dark @ 33 or 34¢ and of good quality @ 35 or 36¢. Mr Frederick Parker has sold the balance of the “John’s cargo @ 98¢ to Downer of Boston.
JAP pr WP

September 27, 1848
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gentlemen,
Annexed please find invoice of 25 casks whale oil purchased by Mr Hunting when in New Bedford. Please forward notes when the oil is recd. I should have sent bill before but could not find room at the railroad depot to land the oil there is so much going forward on the railroad. I think it will be two or three days before your’s will go forward. Shall hurry it on as fast as possible.
JAP pr WP

September 27, 1848
Messrs D. Sisson & Co
Gent,
Your favor of 25th to Mr. Parker, came to hand this morning. I have only to inform you that Mr. Parker is now out of the city on a visit among his relatives in Plympton, is expected home on Saturday. I am not prepared with instructions from him so as to be able to name a price for the oil you mention, but will address him a line, with a copy of your letter, this evening. When he returns, if not before, he will give you his terms for 1000 bbls Mass. cargo. Sperm oil is in good demand @ 100¢ at which price quite extensive sales have been made. I do not think that Mr. P. will name a less price than 105¢ & perhaps not even that price as the stock is reducing fast.
Yours, WP

September 29, 1848
Mrs. Abby F. Hoeg
Brooklyn, N.Y.
I received your letter of 25th by Capt. Potter requesting me to send you the balance of money for your husbands share of oil sent home from ship Phenix. In reply I have only to say that on the 12th of this month I wrote to you & sent drft at sight on Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co. New York & supposed you had received the same. Please inform me on receipt of this whether you have recd it. If not and there is any reasonable probability of its being lost, I will forward another drft or the money.
JAP & Son pr WP

September 29, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s & Sons & Co
Gentlemen
I have none of your favors to reply to since my respects of the 15th instant. I presume that you are well informed about the state of our sperm oil market. Since that time the shipping list gives the information up to Monday since which time I have heard of sales to the extent of about 2000 bbls @ 99¢ or 100¢ and a brisk demand continues. Frederick has sold all of the Johns cargo & I have sold all of the Lalla Rookhs. I have now remaining about 3500 bbls. William & Elina & Massachusetts cargoes. The stock of sperm oil is much reduced. I think I hold about 1/3 of all there is for sale including both sides of the river & expect to get 105¢ for most of what I hold if not over that price. The lady to whom I sent a drft on you for $90 at sight on the 12 inst informs me that she has not received the same. Will you inform me in your next wether it has ever been presented for payment, & oblige
JAP by WP

October 2, 1848
William Gay Esq.
Treasurer
I here enclose you J B. Congdons cashier check for my 8th installment on the Atlantic Cotton Mills.
JAP

October 3, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 30th ultimo is received contents duly noticed. In regard to the arrangement about the payments for the Arnolda oil. It is not my intention to draw on you any more, to fall due in November. I have this day drawn on you for $4000 @ 60 days date in favor of James B. Congdon, which will fall due in Decr. My calculations are to continue to draw at 60 days until my balance is down to about $16,000 which falls due to Mr Arnold on the 7th of January next, which I shall be accommodated by drawing @ 60 days some part a short time before the 7th Jany & the balance after that time, to make the average or if you wish to average the payments any better for yourselves by making remittances or otherwise you will please to say so. As it respects your enquiry about the stock of sperm oil &c I have no very correct statistics from which I can make a very correct estimate of the stocks on hand or expected to arrive during the remainder of this year, but as near as I can ascertain theire is now about 20,000 bbls in first hands in all parts except Nantucket how much they have their I am not able to inform you not a very large stock for them to have I belive. The stock in manufacturers hands I am not able to ascertain but you may be assured that it is unusually light for this season of the year. The importation of sperm oil up to this date in the United States is 85,871 bbls and the quantity expected during the remainder I calculate will not exceed 28,000 bbls more including every lott from the western islands & by right whaler’s, many of the ships calculated to arrive, in the above estimate, may not arrive untill Jany & Feby. The weather has been so bad yesterday & to day that but little business has been done in oil. I hear of but one or two small sales of sperm @ 100¢ the gallon.
JAP by WP

October 3, 1848
Messrs Chandler & Dean
Sir,
I send by Mr. Allen Thatcher himself $1223.66, agreeable to your letter of last mail, in a sealed package directed to yourselves, Chandler & Dean. I think you have plenty of water. Please acknowledge receipt of the money.
JAP

October 5, 1848
Mr J. G. Ridder Esq.
Dear Sir
By request of our mutual friend W. Robinson Jr I have sent to the railroad depot 43 cask crude sperm to be delivered to you at the depot Boston as per annexed bill. It has been so stormy for the three past days that it could not be fowared before. Mr Robinson purchased this oil to be settled by drfts on you @ 4 mos intrest added. If it suits you as well you may send your note for the amt with 4 mos 3 days int added dated 30th or I will forward amt of bill to him for his drft on you for acceptance.
JAP by WP

October 5, 1848
Mr George Lambert
Dr. Sir,
Your favor of 3d is recd as it regards sperm oil, I have sold nearly all I have on hand, therefore I cannot supply you with any.
JAP

October 6, 1848
Mr Thomas J. Coggeshall
Sir,
Your favor 5th is before me. Agreeable to your request, I enclose Mr. Congdon order on the Providence Bank, for Matthew Coggeshall’s note. Your calculation is right $16.75 due me. You will please not call again, for I have no money to loan for the present. The other note must be paid when due.
JAP

October 6, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gent
Your favor of 4th is received, contents duly noticed. Sperm oil is going off freely and the stock is now reduced to about 9000 bbls in this place & Fairhaven; there appears to be a plenty of buyers in market willing to pay 100¢ and I suppose some few hundred bbls could be obtained to day, at that price, by paying half cash down, balance on 4 months with interest. I know of two gentlemen who have refused 100¢ for 1000 bbls half cash & the balance in 6 & 8 mos. with interest. The most of the holders are looking for higher prices. The two recently arrived are not yet all landed and the owners decline naming a price until they have the a/c &c. There is no prospect of buying the quantity you name or any part of it @ 100¢ free on board. I have sold about all of my sperm oil am not now a seller. I have drawn on you this day for $2000 60 d/s sight
JAP by WP

October 6,1848
Nahum Stetson Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your favor of the last evening mail is received our pratice at Merchants Bank to settle all aplications at the time when application is made. We make no discounts to take affect at a future time. Your application has been agreed to on the following condittions. Your note to be dated this day payment to be made on the 15th say for four thousand dollars it would been very agreeable to have mett you at home as it was we were very agreeably entertained with a veiw of your splended garden & the polite attention of your son George. Will you be so good as to send me the dimijon of your [?] that setts in the open garden not heated. When is the proper time to put out the roots & what is the preparation. Have you roots of the proper age if not where they are to be found.
JAP

October 9, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent
Your favor of 28th ultimo with check for two thousand dollars came to hand on the 30th last, and your favor of 6th inst with check on Suffolk Bank for twenty five hundred dollars came to hand this morning; all to your cr. as above. The Republic is here and is now loading with sperm oil from William & Eliza’ cargo, and the schr Adelaide is taking the lott of whale oil from Fairhaven and the balc. of sperm from “Jeanette (the 500 bbls lott). No change in the oil market plenty of buyers @ 100¢ on time, holders demand higher prices, on credit. I have not heard of any sales at over 100¢ & comis. I have not yet bot any more whale oil.
JAP pr WP

October 9, 1848
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gent
Since my last respects of the 25th July I have received your esteemed favor’s of 14th Augt & 5th Sept, and duly noticed their contents. Your account is credited with remittance to Frederick Huth & Co London, say rix 12,152.35gr due 8th of August against my drfts on them of £2000. I drew on them the 30th of July last for £359.9.9d @ 60 d/s, favor Edward L. Baker. I notice in your letter, that these friends have notified you of their acceptance of the same; on receipt of this you will please remit them the amount on my account. I am pleased to learn that your ship Averick Heineken has at last reached Bremen & hope you will obtain a good price for hir cargo. The prices of whale oil here is for shipping quality’s 33 or 34¢, for manf’s 35 or 36¢. I have not recd any further remittances from Mr. A. C. Heineken.
JAP pr WP

October 11, 1848
Hon Abraham H. Howland
Dear Sir,
Your note of yesterday is received you will please to make your terms and if favorable to my veiws I will send down and examine the oil if other ways it will be unnecessary to examine the oil.
JAP

October 16, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Your favor of 13th with J. Taylor cashr check on Suffolk Bank for 3000$ came to hand this morning & the same is to your credit.

The Republic & Adelaide sailed for Albany early on Wednesday morning the former with 140 casks sperm oil (William & Eliza cargo) 20595 gls nett, & the latter with balance of the 500 bbl lott of sperm oil belonging to you and the lott of whale oil purchased in Fairhaven, say 66 casks, also 39 casks sperm oil from W & E. cargo. And yesterday the sloop Index sailed with 150 casks sperm oil, 19,860 gls nett from W & E. cargo, leaving on the wharf only 14 casks of that lott. I filled up the whole 3000 bbls as fast as I conveniently could, after you left, & found it took 1¼% over the old outs, on the W & E. cargo & something less on the Massachusetts cargo. Mr Knights has been here and obtained about 2000 sperm oil purchased by Frederick & myself @ 100¢ per gallon, on which they pay a coms making their nt cost them, a cms more than your’s. Most of holder’s of sperm oil are asking higher prices. Some small lotts can now be had @ 100¢ cash down. I have not yet purchased any whale oil for you, the market remains about the same 35¢ for common selection. The Magnolia is now in sight with 3200 whale, from this cargo I expect to purchase your 1000 bbls.
JAP pr WP

October 17, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor 13th is recd with a check on Suffolk Bank for 3 thousand dollars to your credit. Mr. Knights has been here & bot two thousand barrels sperm oil all I believe @ one dollar & coms. The Magnolia has arrived this afternoon with 3200 whale 4 or 5 hundred sp. I look for first rate oil in that ship. I shall attend to your order as soon as the oil is landed &c. You will remember the $15,000 by the end of this month as I have heavy payments to mark this month and the following months to the end of the year.
P.S. You will remember about a year ago I ordered a ½ bbl small crackers from a man up the river I think Nelage above Troy which were first rate, last spring I ordered another which was not worth half price. Will you pleas send me another one of good quality.
JAP

October 18, 1848
Messrs Hunting & Tufts
Gent,
Your’s of 17th is recd with note for my bill of whale oil, say seventeen hundred thirty nine 93/100 dated Sept 10th 48 @ 4 mos, which I find correct & satisfactory.
[no signature]

October 20, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your telegraphic communication came to hand this afternoon. I was suprised to learn that you had not recd any invoice per “Adelaide”. They were made up and given to Capt Slocum the morning after the schr sailed in the night he was going the next day by steamer & railroad which was the reason of my not sending by mail. Above you have coppy of same made out in haste tho I suppose you will have recd them before this reaches you. No change in the sperm oil market 101¢ has been paid. I have this day purchased for you 1000 bbls whale oil from “Adeline Gibbs’ cargo selected @ 35¢ there being an advance in England I did not dare to risk it any longer.
Yours in haste,
JAP by WP

October 21, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
I wrote you last evening in answer to your telegraphic communication and sent duplicate invoices of oil pr. Adelaide” also mentioning that I had purchased at Fairhaven from Adeline Gibbs’ cargo 1000 bbls selected whale oil @ 35¢. I think this oil will not fail to suit you. Mr. Knights examined it & pronounced it first rate when he was here. The Magnolias cargo is not yet discharged the ows asked 35¢ cash and would not allow any rejected except dark oil must take the ground &c as it was. In consequence of this and the favorable news about whale oil in England together with the news from New York that it had advanced there, I thought it for you intrests to close this bargain taking into consideration the gauge & expenses which will only be wharfage no trucking. There has been sales of whale oil here to the extent of about 1500 bbls. Sperm oil remains the same say 100 or 101 according to the pay. I have a cargo of 1800 bbls landed from ship Young Phenix the capt says it is handsome. I shall ship a part of the whale oil next week per Henry Gibbs. The Georgiana took the 14 cask sperm balc William & Elizas cargo leaving only the Massachusetts oil to be shipped besides the whale.

Your esteemed favor of 19th with check on Suffolk Bank for six thousand dollars came to hand this day & your a/c is credited with same &c for which I am much obliged.
[no signature]

October 24, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
I enclose you Capt Mickells drft on me in favour or presented for payment by Robert Brookhouse Esq. of Salem for £14.2.3 British sterling where I must pay $4.80 for a pound sterling without exchange or where I must pay the exchange or not on the $4.80. Will you please to pay Mr Brookhouse the amt of the bill according to the custom & usage of Boston I send you Mr Congdon check for $73.82 for the payment thereof.
JAP

October 24, 1848
Robert Brookhouse Esq.
Dear Sir
Capt. Mickell informs me that he did not understand that the ows of the ship Young Phenix were to pay any more than $4/ 80/100 dollars for the pound sterling when he made the drft upon me of £14:2:3d and I am in some doubt wheather the exchange of 9% should be added to the 4.80¢ or not & for the purpose of settling the matter rightly so that I may know how to settle simelar drfts in future I have sent the drft down to Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro with the money to settle the same requesting them to settle with you according to the custom of Boston settlement of simelar drfts.
Please call on Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro Boston
JAP by WP

October 25, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentts
Annexed you will please find invoice of the sperm oil purchased in Fairhaven for you a/c when Mr. Knights was here. Amt to your debit $15,752.30¢ as cash Oct 14th 48. The charges for drayage wharfage &c will appear when the oil is shipped. I am waiting your orders to forwared the same. You have no doubt noticed the arrival of my ship Young Phenix with 1800 or 1900 bbls sperm oil. I find it a very clean & nice cargo and if a very handsome cargo I am in hopes to obtain 105¢ per gallon for this cargo. The sales of sperm oil in this market have been quite extensive the past week price varying from 100 or 102¢ according to quality and terms of credit. I believe I could sell 1000 bbls from Young Phenix cargo this day @ 102¢ cash and I suppose I could buy some lotts in town for 100¢ cash down. Whale oil continues about the same, it has been selling quite freely the past week @ 35 or 36¢ for selected. I bought 1000 bbls Ansel Gibbs cargo for Wickes & Tillinghast @ 35¢. I have none of your favors since Mr Knights was here.
JAP by WP

October 30, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent
Your favor of 26th is recd enclosed thirty five hundred dollars in a check on Suffolk Bank on Saturday 28th inst to your credit on that day. The sloop Henry Gibbs is loaded & has sailed with our half of the whale oil bot at Fairhaven, Capt Sowle will be laden to day. The Adelaide will load from the Mass. oil. The Index will load the balance of sperm & whale oil. There has been much stir in sperm oil the past week, about 3700 bbl’s none less than 100¢ the highest 103¢. The balance here & in Fairhaven is small. Whale oil price remains the same as heretofore. I am informed the Magnolia’s is a fair cargo, not any better if so good as that we bought for you. They will take out the black, then we must take a fair proportion of the remainder of the cargo, ground tier & all the rest at same price, with B. Braytons gauge. I have drawn on you under this date at sight payable to Frederick Parker’s order thirty hundred seventy two 50/100 dollars. The drft has to go to Auburn to Capt. Cash, then to be sent to you, which will take all the week before it appears. This drft you may consider, if you please as a part of next months paymts. Please advise day of payt,
In haste I remain yours
JAP

November 1, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentts,
Your favor 27th is at hand the oil you alude to, they assured me the head was all right if you put both parcels together you will have the usual quantity of head. The last purchase of oil your Mr Knights authorised me to draw @ 10 days which time has run out. It would suit me to draw on you @ sight say for $2000 a week commencing next week on Monday until the balance of that purchase is drawed for supposing this arrangement by drawing in small sums and lengthing out the payment would be for your accomodation not for myself. I did expect in your last purchases to have had the management of a much larger amount. It appears you made other arrangements. I hope more for your intrests than to have arranged with me.
With much respect
I am yours
JAP

November 2, 1848
Mr. Thomas J. Coggeshall
Dr Sir
I recd your favor’s of 19th & 26th ultimo with the new note of Mr Lincoln & the 14.25 for interest & coms and here return the old note of Mr Lincoln.
JAP

November 4, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favor of 2d inst came duly to hand. I have searched the whale oil market and find that I cannot obtain handsome sweet N. W oil at a less price than 35¢. One lott of very nice per “Ohio” of about 600 bbls Edward W Howland the owner asks 36¢ and expects to sell it for that price to day. I can buy from the Magnolias cargo this day omitting the ground & dark oil @ 35¢ cash down & nothing less. Other lotts can be had at the same price. I rather think that Gibbs & Jenney has sold all the handsome oil from the Adeline Gibbs cargo they ask 35¢ cash (if any unsold). I have not heard of any lotts sales of sperm oil in the market at over 104¢ but suppose that the news from Europe will have tendency to advance the price to 105¢ if not over that price. The sloop Lady Adams has arrived and will commence taking your sperm oil this afternoon or Monday morning. I shall draw on you for $2000 next Monday as proposed in my last.
JAP pr. WP
[p.s.] The stock of sperm oil is now about 7000 bbls}

November 6, 1848
Messrs Ludlam & Lazenby,
Gentlemen
I duly received your favor’s of Sept. 27th & Octo 31, with account current made up to Octo 1, 1848, which I have examined and find correct and have balanced my books accordingly, viz balance in your favor due Octo 1, 1848 of $1646.12¢ against which I have charged you with drft favor of Frederick Parker $1000 paid 4th inst, which you will please to notice.

I notice the decline of 1/8 on cotton in Liverpool and also notice the remarks respecting future prospects in this country, and must say that it appears verry dark about my obtaining the cost of my cotton, verry soon, unless you make a strong effort and elect Genl Taylor President of the United States. I see no prospect of ever selling it without loss.
JAP pr WP

November 7, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentleman,
Annexed you will find invoice of the whale oil bot in Fairhaven. Amt to your debit as cash Oct 21 ’48 $11,254.92¢. You will also find amt paid P. & Morgans bill duck $67.20 Oct 6th and amt paid Church for making bags $19.20, Oct 10th. Also charges on the 500 bbls sperm oil bot for you July 18th $70.28 due Oct 10th and the bill of sperm oil purchased of me Oct 5th 1848 $94,501.00 as cash that day with a statement of the shipment thereof. Also above you will find an account of charges on the sperm oil of $332.95¢ as cash Nov 6th ‘48 all of which you will please to enter in conformity. If you find them correct. I wish you to examine the gauges of the oil per “Republic” & “Adelaide” carefully as there appears to be a doubt in the mind of our young clerk about 1 cask 191 gallons. He is not certain whether it is on board of the Republic or Adelaide but has put it the invoice by the latter vessell. There can be no doubt that the cask is on board of one those vessels. You will also find a cask of 212 head in the invoice pr. Republic put down as body oil. This week being election there is but little doing in oils. Last sale of sperm 104¢ whale oil from 34 to 37 according to quality that like yours is worth 35½ or 36¢. The Index is now ready with balance of your whale oil sperm oil on board.
JAP by WP

November 7, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
Annexed I send you invoice & enclose a bill lading of the sperm oil purchased for you in Fairhaven now shipped on board sloop Lady Adams as you directed. At foot of invoice you will please notice the charges upon said oil of $37.12 which please to credit my a/c under date of Novr 6th. Our citizens being so much engaged in politics thus far this week that but little or nothing has been done in the oil market. Sperm last sales @ 1.04¢ and it probably could not be bot at that price & perhaps some small lotts at little less whale about the same the choicest descriptions a little firmer.
JAP by WP

November 8, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Dr. Sir
Your favor of 7th with Michigan Central Railroad Co bonds for fifteen hundred dollars is received. Enclosed return receipt for same amt. paid on the 7th and also enclosed is ten dollars, one months int. due on [?] bond pr your memo.
JAP pr WP

November 9, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Dr. Sir’s
Yours of 8th recd. Enclosed I send you the certificate of 10 shares of Auburn & Rochester Railroad Company, which I notice is dischgd from the New York books. You will please send me a Boston certificate for same.
& oblige JAP pr WP

Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
November 13, 1848
Gentts,
Your favor of 9 inst came to hand on Saturday the 11th and your a/c is credited with check on Boston for twenty five hundred dollars on that day also with 3 50/100 dollars bill crackers. On Saturday I purchased 300 bbls N.W. whale oil @ 35¢ of handsome quality & I belive it to be very clean and clear of foots. Annexed you will please find invoice of same, amount to your debit $3371.48¢ as cash Nov 11th 48. Most of the holders of nice N.W. oil ask 36¢ at which price a no. of small lotts have been sold. Sperm last sales 300 bbls @ 105¢. the stock now on hand including the last arrivals about 9000 bbls.
JAP by WP
NB. The Georgiana is loading the whale oil to day & will sail the first wind. Mr Ricketson misses a cask of sperm oil from our wharf –mard with marking irons #102-60 gallons & he thinks it may have gone on board of the Republic or the Adelaide. Please notify me if you find any such cask not having your markd ‘I’ upon it.
WP

November 18, 1848
William Swan Esq.
Dr Sir,
I received your favor of 14th inst and noticed contents. Capt Mickell being in the city I made up the a/c between the ship Young Phenix & the late Thos L Swan who died on board sd ship Jany 19th 1847 and handed Capt M. the a/c with balc due $55.84 which he took to Boston to hand to Mr Law chsr Cambridgeport Bank who he said was a relative of yours. You will please address Mr Law for the a/c & money &c
JAP by WP

November 20, 1848
William S. Toole Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your favor of 18th is received contents noticed. Annexed I send you my authority to Capt J. Hillman to acct as my attorney in any matter concerning my interest in the bark Mazeppa.
JAP

November 20, 1848
Know all men by these presents that I Jno. A. Parker of New Bedford state of Massachusetts do hereby constitue and appoint Capt Jonathan Hillman of New York as my true & lawfull attorney to transact any business neccessary to be done by me in relation to the bark Mazeppa of New York of which vessell I am part owner.
JAP
Witness
WP

November 22, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 18th is received within I enclosers all correct. I here enclose J. B. Congdons cashier check for the balance five hundred thirteen 03/100 dollars. The Michigan Railroad looks rather squally to be borrowing money @ 1 pr ct pr month. What is the stock & bonds worth. I perceive all stocks I am concerned in seem to be down at the heal. If you can report favorable on the following stock the Philadelphia & Baltimore. I understand about the Auburn Railroad when will they make a dividend as also the Huston Railroad. How stands the S H & N.Y. Road &c. How will money range for a month to come.
JAP

November 22, 1848
Respected Son,
Your favor of 20th is before me the contents duly considered. As it regards cotton I shall not be in haste to sell. The Wamsutta Mills Co. bought 50 bales New Orleans cotton & paid 9¢ pr lb. 6 mos at Providence. As it regards oil I shall not be in haste to sell. I recd a letter per last steamer from Frederick Huth & Co stating an improvement in sperm oil, which has been sold this day (Nov 3d @ £77 to 78. Goddard in a letter to J. Dunbar & Co state the same sale and sayeth that it will go up to £80, at which price it will range at some time to come & they will want 3000 tun next year from the Colonies & the United States, therefore I think the oil buyers in New York, will not buy @ 100¢ untill warm weather comes. I sold yesterday to Bartlett, my lott from Ashmead @ 105¢ all cash without filling. It is supposed that Jireh Perry has sold at same price, Asa Nye sayeth that he knows of a sale @ 107¢ he is not at liberty to state more. I have no doubt I shall sell the Mattapoisett oil @ 105¢ in a few days, none can be bought for less. You will notice the arrival’s & sailing of the ships, by the list, as well or better than I can explain to you. I have a letter from Capt. Gorden, he arrived at Fayal, all well only a rough passage. Also a line from Capt Black, landed 110 bbls oil by gauge of the casks, which did not come by the Harbinger.
JAP

November 23, 1848
Capt Kembel Perry
Dr. Sir,
More than 2 years ago I loand a small sum to you since which I have not had the pleasure of seeing or hearing from you. I should like for you to pay up the money and as much int as suits your conveinence.
Respectfully Your friend
JAP

November 24, 1848
Messrs David Sisson & Co
Dear Sirs,
Your favor of 23d is received. I am sorry our money matters are much more close, then when your W. T. were here. We have done nothing for our customers this morning. As I gave your W.T. encouragement to do a little something I must fullfil our promise. If it will be any accomodation to make your note 6 mo date 1st Novr you can make it so. The bank will charge ½ pr exchange. I do not reccolect what I said about exchange. I suppose I talked about 4 mo you may make the note 4 mo payable at Merchants Bank. There shall be no exchange if you W. T. did not understand about exchange. Please not to send the note before next Tuesday.
JAP

November 24, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favor of 23d is received, the contents noticed. I should be glad to make the accomodation you wish; under my calculation and arrangements I do not see as I can make any alteration in the arrangement, most assuredly it cannot make much differance to you. I have large payments to make every week and have to get large discounts every week, to keep up with my payments. I have bought large amounts which are coming around as fast as I can meet the payments.

The oil recently arrived here is mostly discharged and appears to be oil of fair quality and it may be said of good quality, the asking price is 105¢ one or two small lotts for cash, can probably be bought a cent or two less. Mr. Bartlett is in the market and this week bought 1500 bbls or more, he has paid 105¢ for all except about 5000 gls at Nantucket @ 104¢. I sold him a lott of 300 bbl’s @ 105¢ as I bought it 8 weeks ago, the same I bot of him, & had it filled & pumped when I bought it. I cannot give you any better a/c of the price of the article than to name what it sells for. Mr. B. is still examining oil, whether he wants more or not I cannot say. Frederick & myself have 1200 bbls good oil, he can give you the quality. Recently filled up, we will sell you at 105¢ as last filled. I have another small lott Young Phenix cargo, good oil, which I will sell for the same, with accommodating credit provided it is not sold when you reply to this letter. (Bartlett bot 300 of I.A.P. 500 of Perry, 600 of Robert Edwards 200 Nantucket). There is a ship in sight, the Arab of Fairhaven last a/c’s from hir she had 1400 bbls.
JAP
P.S. Doubtfull about its being the Arab. Signals down}

November 25, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
I wrote you yesterday respecting sperm oil &c, and this morning I recd a letter from Mr. Frederick Parker informing me that he had sold you the lott of sperm oil purchased by us at Mattapoisett @ 105¢ as filled up at Mattapoisett, without wharfage, and on a cr of 4 & 6 months with interest @ 6%, provided the oil was not sold. As the oil was not sold, I now confirm the bargain and shall commence loading the Republic this afternoon. The quantity is 37507½ gallons nett which I charge to your account this day. The acct of gauges &c will be forwarded in due time.

I have not discovered any leakage. I have now left about 232 bbls which I would sell on same terms for the sake of closing up the presents years transactions in sperm oil. The sales of sperm oil in this market during this week amounts to about 2500 bbls & in Boston yesterday the oil per Harbinger was about all sold @ 104 & 105¢ cash mostly for the English market. It was not the “Arab” arrived yesterday but the “Congress” Little to E. C. Jones with 850 sperm 1400 whale. The Herald, to Tobey & Ricketson is coming in to day last reported with 1600 sp, so that the stock holds good as yet but will soon be going down again as there are not many more ships expected.
JAP by WP

November 25, 1848
Respected Son,
Frederick}
Your favor of 24th is recd. The Mattapoisett oil is not sold. I ratify your sale. Capt Sowle commences loading this afternoon & will soon be off as directed. If they are not in haste, he will soon be back for the balance. My other lott is 232 bbls, which I like to put in, & which clear me out. There is 31% head. I will fill it up & deliver it at the vessell, free of charge, if they will not take it without, merely to close up & finish up my transactions in oil the present year. The ship arrived yesterday turned out to be the Congress with 850 sperm & 400 whale. This morning the Herald arrived with 1600 sperm so we keep the stock good. The Boston oil is sold body for shipping @ 100¢, to manufacturers @ 105¢. All matters remain as usual.
JAP

November 27, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gent,
Your favor of 16th with check on Boston for three thousand dollars came to hand on the 18th inst and yours of 24th I recd this morning with check on Boston for four thousand dollars which is to your credit this day, and I have also credited your a/c with $47.85 as cash 22d inst, the amt. of two tubs butter purchased for me by Mr Penniman for which I am verry much obliged to him.

Since I last wrote you there has been sales of sperm oil in this market to the extent of about 4500 bbls nearly or quite all of which brought 105¢ cash, about one half for the English market. Whale oil continues about the same. I am pleased to learn that your oil has all arrived safe and hope you will realize a handsome proffit on the whole of your fall stock. The stock of sperm oil now in first hands is about 8000 bbl’s including last arrivals.
JAP pr WP

November 27, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Your favor of 25th is recd. I have only on lott of oil, all my others have been sold. This lott contains about 7315 gls, 3137 gls is from the Young Phenix, body oil handsome & clean, it is the ground tier & smells strong. 2 casks called fat lean 223 gls. Same as Frederick sold @ 85¢. I will put it in at the same. The remaindr body & head is good oil. Frederick knows all about it. If you take the oil it will be delivered according to your wishes. This lott clears me out for oil of all discriptions, nothing doing as I have heard. I have this day drawn on you in favor of J. B Congdon one drft at sight without grace for
2000$ & another for
$2000 @ 60 d/date, which please to honor.
JAP

November 27, 1848
Messrs Frederick Huth & Co.
Gentlemen,
Your several favors of 4th & 11th & 18th August 27th Octo and 3d November have been duly recd and their contents particularly noticed. I am pleased to observe in the two last, that an improvement has taken place in your sperm oil market & that sales had already been made as high as 77 or 78£ in bond. Under the present favorable prospects I withdraw all former limits upon the parcel in your hands ex “Alert” and leave it entirely with you to dispose of the same whenever in your opinion you think my interest will be best promoted. I do not wish it held over the winter even if no more than 78£ free of duty can be obtained, the present appearances however seem to indecate that the price will go up to £80 & over, in bond, but I leave it with you to decide whether it will be best to sell before the duty comes off, or not untill afterwards. There are orders in this city for 2000 bbls for the English market derect, which has been executed at 105¢ pr gallon, & I am informed that some Boston houses are paying 100¢ per gallon for body oil for your market also. Our stock of sperm oil is not over 8 to 9000 bbls in first hands, all of which is held firmly at 105¢ at which price sales are made every day in small lotts. I have this day sold 1200 bbls to a manufacturer @ the above named price.
JAP
P.S. Since writing the above I have received your favor of 10th Novr per Cambria informing me that you had already sold nearly all of the lott of sperm oil ex “Alert” at an average of about 76.5/ in bond, which is not quite so high as I anticipated, tho a little higher than the old limits. Mr Goddard informs me that he has sold a small lot of mine in his hands @ £78 less 2½% for cash, in bond. Please to render a/c sales & a/c current by the 1st of Jany, or sooner if convenient.
JAP

November 27, 1848
Lemuel Goddard Esq.
Dear Sir,
Your esteemed favor of 10th inst came to hand this morning, advising me of your having sold the small lott of sperm oil ex “Mary Ann” @ £78 less 2½% &c, which is entirely satisfactory, tho I had some hope that you would obtain £80 in bond. My friends Frederick Huth & Co write me that they have sold nearly all the lot per “Alert” at an average of £76:5/ which was quite unexpected to me, as they had quoted it at 77 or 78£ in a former letter. I have disposed of the balance of my sperm oil to manufacturers and others here, at 105¢ per gallon which is too high a price to warrant a shipment this winter, tho I understand that there are orders here direct from your city for 2000 bbls which is now being executed @ 105¢ cash for proportion of head matter & body oil. Another year perhaps I may think it for my interest to make you a further shipment.
JAP

November 27, 1848
Messrs C. A. Heineken & Co
Gentlemen
I recd your favor of 12th Sept per “Timoleon” and some other letters which have been taken up to the house and mislaid the dates not now recollected. Capt Shearman delivered me all the articles sent by him: the box of strawberry plants I opened and forwarded to Mr. Jenney of Fairhaven, those intended for him as near as I could seperate them, he also took mine into his care for a short time. I understand from him that many of them already begin to show life, he placed them in flower pots in his hot house to give them a start. We intend to take especial care of them in the hope of having some fine fruit next year.

I am informed by Frederick Huth & Co under date of 27th October that you had remitted them on my acct. £614:4/ due 16th Decr and £300 due 22d Decr next; I have not noticed in any of your letters a statement of the amt. in rix—presume I shall be advised in your next. We have nothing new from the wright whale fleet & probably shall not have under about a month, the stock of whale oil in this market is quite small considering the large importations this year; I sell off to manufacturers @ 36 or 37¢ for selected, white & sweet, and so on down to 33¢ according to quality. I notice a slight advance in your market. The price of whale bone is now 26¢ pr lb for North West, but sales are quite limited to the trade in this country, I do not hear of any purchases for shipment, the stock I presume to be quite large for the season and as it will begin to accumulate again in the course of two months, I have come to the conclusion that it will be about as well to have the lot in your hands ex “Trident” sold for the most it will bring. You will therefore improve the first favorable offer for the same & render sales. I have no further remittances from Mr. A. C. Heineken. The present price of sperm oil is 105¢ per gallon with a fair demand mostly for London. Messrs Huth & Co advise me of having sold the lott of sperm oil in their hands at an average of 76:5/ in bond & Mr Goddard writs me that he has sold another lot of mine in his hands @ £78 per tun in bond. I have sold nearly or quite all of my sperm oil purchased the last summer & recd per Young Phenix & other vessels at prices varying from 100 to 105¢, over half @ 103 or 105¢. Frederick has taken up his winter quarters at the Union Hotel in the city of New York about two weeks ago, he writes that he is well and thus far enjoys himself verry much.
JAP
Acknowledged the receipt of Avericks letter, with the Degarotype &c. &c.
JAP

November 28, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen
Annexed you will find invoice of the lot of sperm oil sold you by Mr Frederick Parker amount $39,382.87 as before advised. The Republic is now loaded ready to sail. She has on board 177 cask containing 23,487½ gls nett. I received a letter from Frederick this morning saying that you would take the balance of my sperm oil @ 105¢ refilled which I wrote you yesterday I would do. As I now understand the matter my oil is all disposed of with the exception of 2 cask serm oil that I wrote you about & offered it @ 85¢. It is far very fair not half so bad as it commonly is. One cask is 19% below standard & the other I think is 29% below. There was not a drop of whale oil taken by the ship during the voyage so that it cannot be mixed oil. I understand Frederick to say that you are willing I should hold this oil with the balc of the Mattaposiett lot until Capt Sowle returns which I should be glad to do. I shall fill up the oil this day & forward a/c soon.
JAP by WP

November 28, 1848
Messrs Sisson & Co.
Dr Sirs,
Your favor 27th with the enclosed drft $1196.23 which is discounted at Merchants Bank to your credit less ¼ exchange the ballance you can use at you conveinence. If we had any money in Providence I should sent you the money. Mr. C. will remit you a check if you wish it on NewYork, if it is not conveinent to give a check on him. I have sold all my sperm oil. I can say I have hardly a gallon left. My last sales were at NewYork which sweeps the whole good & bad all together @ 105¢ intrest from the sale. I have letters this morning from New York oil has sold @ 107½ ¢. I think I could buy for you a few hundred bbls @ 105¢ which I should charge you 1 pr ct & take paper 3 or 4 mos to run. I could last week have bot sum small lotts to have safed my coms where I could buy to day on these terms I cannot say. If you should be enclined to do any thing in this way you should let me know by tomorrow mornings mail.
JAP

November 28, 1848
F. C. Sanford Esq.
Dr Sir,
Yours of 22d inst came duly to hand. I was not a little suprised to learn that Frank Poola had gone to sea in the Lexington. After making a fair engagement with him the next day after the Young Phenix returned which the writer did do notwithstanding what Frank said to you. He was engaged to go in the Young Phenix, Gratitude or James Allen, whichever ship he prefered. I own largely in the two latter and wanted him to continue in my employ. And also after informing you that I had done so and requesting you not to ship him. In this place it would be considered as an interference to take a man from an employ in which he had been engaged if notified as I did you. Perhaps you do not consider it so in Nantucket. You say that you have an order for the balc due him. Under circumstances I think I shall retain whatever balc may be due him until his return. At any rate I do not feel disposed to pay at present.
JAP by WP

November 29, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Dr. Sir
I spoke to you some time ago, that I should like to be released from my last subscription or any part thereof. I will enquire if you have made any arrangement to release me from all or a part. If not I will endeavor to pay a part or all in all next week. How goes on the affairs of the Michigan Railroad. What has been the receipts compared with the same month last year. What will likely be done in the way of dividend.
JAP

November 30, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
Annexed I forward bill of the balance of my sperm oil, amt. to your debit under date of 29th inst $7684.45 which if found correct when recd please enter accordingly. Your favor of 29th came to hand this morning with check on Shawmut Bank Boston for four thousand dollars to your cr. this day and is very satisfactory; of course I shall omit drawing at sight the two coming weeks. The Republic finished loading on Monday eve, Tuesday it was nearly calm a light breaze from the south, and the two last days the wind has blown strong from the southwest so that no vessell has attempted to go westward. Capt Sowle says that he shall do his best to get there as soon as possible.

On enquirey, it is found that there is now in first hands, about 9600 bbls sperm oil and 12,400 bbls whale in New Bedford & Fairhaven. About two more cargoes ?of sperm? may be expected in course of next month. I do not hear of any new transactions in oil within a day or two past.
JAP pr WP

November. 30, 1848
Messrs J. E. Thayer & Bro.
Gentlemen,
I here enclose you the cashr check of the Bank of New York, on the Shawmut Bank Boston for four thousand dollars. You will cancel your note of $1194.46. pay Edward Haynes Treasurer of Norfolk County Railroad} 500.00 which is my last two installments, completing my subscription, say to Mr. Haynes to inform me when the road is to be opened and what are the prospects of the road. Also pay $1000 to Mr Gray, treasurer of Atlantic Cotton Mill, this being the 9th installment. If they say anything about interest, pay none. How stands good note’s on
JAP

Nov. 30, 1848
Respected Son
Frederick,}
Your several favors have been recd 25th & 27. The oil business is all settled & Judd’s Sons have the invoice sent. The Republic was loaded on Monday evening since then the wind has been directly ahead. No transactions in oil these few days past. Mr Ricketson goes on this afternoon, he will give you all the news. The barrel of cranberries must be sent by the next speedy conveyance. I am fearful they will be spoilt by being so long in the same water, for I should not sent them if I had not expected them to have got on board.
JAP

November 30, 1848
Mrs Mary A. McCleave
Madam
Your favor came duly to hand. Enclosed I send you my check for fifty dollars which I charge, to a/c of your husband. I have nothing new from the Phenix.
JAP pr WP

December 1, 1848
Nahum Stetson Esq.
Your favor 29th is received. I have laid your application before the directors, have agreed to make the discount you wish on condition as follows. Your note dated this day @ 4 mo payable in Boston the money if you can use for circulalation it is at your command if other ways the money will be paid you. The time you say you want to use it we are now charging exchange on loans (small). You will correspond with Mr Congdon. Will you order to be sent me 5 casks nails one each of 1.5d, 2.8d, 2.10d, 1.20d.
Your Friend
JAP

December 1, 1848
Capt Jonathan Hillman
Sir
I received a line from Mr. Toole this morning disapproving of Capt Thatcher all together, he being neglegent in attentive with many other faults which I am sorry to here. I bought in the vessell for Thatchers benefit all together. If Thatcher is turnd out of the vessell I shall be as bad disappointed as T, for I must sell out or he must take the vessel at a fair price. However I hope Mr Toole will reconsider the matter, wait until he has the result of this present voyage. You are aware if he should be turned out of his vessel it will kill him as dead as if he cut his throat. I believe Thatcher means well and I have thought he was honest and industrious. Please to inquire into this matter & see if there is no way of reconciling this matter with Mr. Toole. Also please write me the particulars as it regards Capt T. for I want to know them.
JAP

December 4, 1848
Mrs. Almira B. Haskins,
I recd your favor of 25th and also yours 27th Nov. mailed 2d Decr the first letter got mislaid among the large quantity of papers and was forgotten until your last was recd this morning. Enclosed I send you twenty dollars which you will send a receipt for in your next.
JAP by WP

December 9, 1848
Messrs O & J Parker
Gentm
I shall send down to the care of Thatcher & Waterman six hundred dollars which is nearly the amount of your a/c left @ the counting room when your Mr O Parker was in the city.

The writer went to Boston the morning after you was here & did not return until last evening which is the reason why the money was not sent down on Friday. When next in Plympton I will settle the balc of the a/c. Please acknowledge receipt of six hundred dollars as soon as received.
JAP by WP

December 11, 1848
Mr. S. Toole Esq.
Sir
Your several favors of Nov 28 & 3d Decm with your a/c showing a poor result since Capt Thatcher took command of the Mazeppa. You are aware I bot in said vessell for the sole object to give employment to Capt T. I having a favorable oppinion of Capt Thatchers honesty & ability to command such a vessell. Unless you are willing to try him one more voyage my part of the vessell must be sold for I have no wish to have any intrests in such a vessell only for the promotion of Capt Thatcher. I suppose the vessell is into New York by this time. On the arrival I hope matters & things will look better. If Capt T. is to be dispared please to let me know what you will give for my share of the vessell}
[no signature]

December 11, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts,
Your favor of 29th ultimo with check on Suffolk Bank for twenty five hundred dollars came to hand on the morning of Dec 1st. And yours of 8 inst with check for three thousand dollars I received this morning both amounts to credit as recd. I have nothing new to communicate respecting the state of the oil market here; sperm oil goes off moderately @ 105 or 106¢. Kingsland bot 7 or 800 bbls here last week @ 105¢ 1/3 cash balc 3 & 5 months int added. Some of your manufacturers here have I understand paid a cent more for the sake of accommodating time. The stock in this port & Fairhaven is now about 10,500 bbls. Whale oil stock from 11 to 12,000 bbls prices remain about the same selected is worth 36¢.
JAP by WP
P.S. I have none on hand of any discription}

December 11, 1848
Capt Jonathan Hillman
Dear Sir
I wrote you on the first instant respecting a letter recd from Mr Toole, agent of bark Mazeppa; wherein he finds much fault with Capt. Thacher &c. saying that he was inattentive to his business, not qualified as competent to conduct a voyage &c &c and that when the bark arrived he should turn out Capt. Thacher and employ some other man. Since I wrote you I have recd another letter from Mr Toole with a long string of accounts the final closeup of which shows me indebted to him for $1297.96 and all this after collecting the insurance freight money &c. I have not sufficiently examined the a/c to see if any error or wrong application are to be found in them. I notice a charge of paying my premium note of $406.25 which I suppose must have been given by you pr ins on my 1/3 sd bark. I suppose the bark will soon be in New York when I hope to hear more favorable a/cs both as regards Capt T. & the proceeds of the voyage.

I send you annexed a copy of my letter to Mr Toole so that you can understand the whole matter between us all of which I must refer to you and hope you will look to the whole matter as soon as Capt T. arrives and if he is to be turned out see what can be obtained for my 1/3 sd bark. She is a very desireable vessell for the California trade & I should think would sell well.
JAP by WP

December 11, 1848
George B. Upton, Treas}
Your favor of 9th is received. The bank bills have gone forward according to the arrangement; I here enclose J. B. Congdon cashr check on Mechanics Bank New York for two thousand dollars & also cashr Commercial Bank of Albany check on Suffolk Bank for three thousand. I will send you tomorrow some coupon’s due, which with the int. you may add to the note & send by mail; I shall be prepared to send you in all next week as much more. In the month I think I shall send you the $20000. Enclosed I send you a warrant for $100 which I find is all the int becomes to in Decr.
[no signature]

December 11, 1848
George B. Upton
Dear Sir
I enclosed by this afternoons mail two checks & one cupon amt $5100 enclosed in much haste. I now propose you to send me a note for $6000. I will remit you the balc according to the above statement if found correct. I like to have the notes even sums.
JAP
memo
note dated Dec 12 @ 8 mos-----$6000.00
less 8 mos & 3 days int=243
less 1% 243}---------------------------486
[total]---------------------------------$5514.00
Dec 11 cash sent down-------------5100.00
[total]---------------------------------$ 414.00

December 12, 1848
Frederick Parker
Dear Sir
I received your favor of 9th per Mr Ricketson and duly noticed its contents. I belive that I shall not meddle with sperm oil again this year, unless at 100¢ pr gallon or near that price. The article is quite dull here now, no sales except on long time. Since the one to Kingsland, the manufacturers are very shy and come into market apparently with much reluctance and I doubt if the present price is maintained for any pay like cash or good strong paper, unless your New York folks should come forward. Your oppinion respecting the English market coincides with mine. I notice your remarks about the Mattapoisett oil and immediately called on Mr Delano to regage the 91 cask remaining here a statement of which you will find annexed. Mr D makes 3 gallons more than the old gauge tho there are some mistakes both ways the result is very close. I think Judd’s Sons & Co have no reason to find fault with the gauge they haveing the entire lott. As to leakage I could not discover any when they bot it since then one cask sprung a leak from a worm hole and leaked about 1½ or 2 gallons. If any thing wrong it must have been before it came here as the best of care has been bestowed upon it since landed in New Bedford. Capt Sowle is now loading the balance and will sail tomorrow morning if the wind and weather will permit. I have not received any letter from Judd’s Sons & Co in relation to the oil.
JAP by WP

December 13, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Dear Sir
Your favor of 12th with the Michigan Central Railroad Co note for six thousand dollars dated 12 inst @ 8 mos is received and herewith I send you four hundred fourteen dollars in Merchants Bank bills the balc due you for the same.
JAP by WP

December 15, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen
Your favor of 14th inst came to hand this morning with check on Shawmut Bank Boston for two thousand dollars which is to your cr. this day. I have drawn on you this day for two thousand dollars at 60 d/date favor of J B Congdon cashier. Within two days past there has been quite extensive opporations in crude sperm oil. Mr Edward M. Robinson has purchased 3100 bbls mostly @ 105¢ one or two lotts inferior @ 104¢ & Kingsland from New York has bot about 1000 bbls more @ 105¢. The Robert Edwards, Herald, Ocean & Champions cargoes are all sold: leaving a stock in this city, Fairhaven Falmouth Vineyard Wesport, Newport & Bristol about 8000 barrels sperm, 10,000 bbls whale oil & about 700,000 lb bone. The last sales of sperm seems to have created a new feeling in minds of holders and these are now asking higher prices. It is my oppinion however that more could be obtained @ 105¢ a part money and short cr. for balc. The sloop Republic is still here wind bound.
JAP by WP

December 19, 1848
Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Dear Sirs
Your favour is before me contents duly noticed. Sperm oil much has been sold since I wrote on the 14th. The oil on hand is in few hands. The lowest price is 107¢. I know of & not much the best & primest lot is from the ship Charles W. Morgan, which he holds @ 110¢ is sanguine he shall get that price in a day or two or at any rate he will not sell at less. The cargo of 8 or 900 lbs over the river the above price they say is there price & nothing less about 800 at Westport @ 108. Mr Bartlett has lately bot at Warren 750 which he will sell this morning @ 107 receive it at Warren & pay the money when taken away. All the oil has been bot that can be @ 107. Plenty buyers in the market @ 107. There is no prospect of buying a barrel at your limits. As to whale oil I belive such oil as you want. I know of no lot which is good enough for your purpose. However I will ascertain what is to be done & write you by tomorrows mail. No refusell of oil is to be an hour in these times. I am sorry you had not taken the 500 bbls from Fredericks purchase. I have drawn on you this day @ 60 days for $2000.
JAP

December 20, 1848
George B. Upton Esq.
Sir
I enclosed this morning by W. T. Dow the $3000 check with my signature on the back. I here enclose you Mr Congdon cashier check $514, the balc due. Do you want a bill exchange £1000 @ 9 pct advance for you note same time as the last note I received from you.
JAP

December 20, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co.
Gentlemen,
I wrote you yesterday fully on the subject of oil, since which I have examined the different lots of whale oil and find there is not 2000 bbls in this market will come up to your standards. In fact there is not a single lott to be sold that will come up to your mark. I have bought about 900 bbls being two out of four of the verry best lotts that is to be found and which I think will answer your purpose. One of the lotts is from the Isabella’s cargo (Ashmeads part) in which there is about 150 bbls or less of S. Sea oil but is verry white &c. I could not buy the N West without taking this with it. I have been compelled to pay 36¢, 2, 3, & 4 mos. intrest added for the above two lotts. I am now negotiating for the other two lotts which if obtained will nearly make 2000 bbls. I expect to buy them at the same price. One of the largest lotts is owned by a man out of town shall know the result this evning. If I obtain these 2 lotts there will be but very little good oil left in this market nearly all will of ordinary shipping quality. As some little part of my purchase may not come up to your standard as to being clean of foots &c I give you the liberty of accepting or rejecting the whole as I have no objections to holding the whole on my own a/c.

No sperm oil can be purchased @ your limits.
JAP

December 21, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentlemen
Your favor of 15th inst with drft on Boston for three thousand dollars came duly to hand on the 18th inst and your favor of 19th with Washburn & Co drft on Willis & Co Boston for five thousand I recd this morning. The sales of sperm & whale oil the past week have been quite large, the former @ 107¢ & the latter @ 36¢. I belive that no sperm oil has been bot for Judd’s Sons & Co as yet. I have purchased some whale oil for them but no sperm the price paid by others and now demanded by holders being above their limits. Sperm oil is now held @ 110¢. Stocks light for the season.
JAP by WP

December 21, 1848
Messrs Samuel Judd’s Sons & Co
Gentlemen,
Your favor of 20th inst is received. I stated to Fredrick your proposition to take the 500 bbls sperm oil @ 107¢ &c. and he wishes me to say that it was bot for their a/c and could not now alter the matter so as to let you have it.

Since writing you yesterday I have completed the purchase of about 850 bbls more whale oil @ 36¢ 2, 3 & 4 months with int added, which now makes up the quantity to 1750 bbls and am now examing another lot of about 400 bbls which if the quality suits I shall purchase. No change in the sperm oil market 110¢ is still demanded by the holders of the best & in fact all the oil here for sale.
JAP by WP

December 26, 1848
Messrs C A. Heineken & Co
Gentlemen
Confirming the contents of the annexed duplicate of my respects of the 27th Nov since which I have not had the pleasure to receive any of your favors. Above I forward my a/c to 31st Decr balc in your favor of $73.45 which if found correct you will please enter accordingly. I have no particular change to notice in the whale oil market except that the stock is now reduced to less then 4000 bbls of all descriptions. Sperm 4 to 5000 bbls price @ 107 or 108¢. We have some scuttering news from the NWest Coast which looks as if the ships were doing very bad nothing from any of your ships.
JAP by WP

December 29, 1848
Respected Son
I have nothing new to communicate the oil market very quiet, nothing been done this week. The weather has been bad for outdoor business. Capt Sowle is here partly loaded with the whale oil for Judd’s Sons &c and will be loaded to day if the storm does not prevent it. Is now a snow storm.

The Mazeppa Capt Thatcher is at New York. I havae written to Mr Toole if Capt T. is turned out the vessell must be sold my part. He has offered $3500. I have written him I will sell at cost $4100. The vessel is in as good or better condition as when bot & suppose such vessels are in better demand & freight much better. Will you confer with Capt H on the subject of selling whatever you and he may think is best for me to do I shall be satisfied with. She is right for the California business.
JAP

December 29, 1848
William S Toole Esq.
Sir
Your several favors of 19th 27th & 28th instant are before me contents duly noticed. Your offer of thirty five hundred dollars for my 1/3 of the bark Mazzeppa I am not prepared to accept as I can see no reason why the bark is not now worth full as much as when I purchased last spring and according to your a/c there has been large expenditures made for new rigging, sails, improvements on and about the cabin and other parts of the vessell which makes her really wirth more now for actual service than when I purchased her last spring. Besides the present demand for vessels of her class I think increases her value even beyond the cost to me as I observed to you in my last my only object in buying in the vessel was to make employment for Capt Thatcher and as it appears you are not disposed to have him in command of her any longer of course my object is defeated and besides I am to suffer a heavy loss by owning in sd vessell even should I sell out at cost and interest. As it regards your complaints against Capt Thatcher, I think some of them he deserves such as not paying strict attention to the freight recd on board and in signing bill of ladings without knowing the exact quantity of freight recd &c but as it regards and expenditures on the bark in New York when you had the controll I do not see why you are not as much at fault as he is (if anything has been done wrong) as certainly he could have done nothing without your consent while in the city. The 1/3 of the bark cost me on the 10th of April last $4100. If I can get that sum for her now I will sell out and pocket the loss which according to your a/cs will be considerable. I mean that I am to receive any proffits arising from the last voyage that is to sell her for $4100 as she is discharged from her last voyage. In regard to your accounts I find the figuring correct. The charges & bills are very large amounts to a greater sum in one way another but presume you have paid them all as charged in the a/c and have credited all that has been recived from said vessell. I have this day written to Capt Hillman and also to my son Frederick Parker in relation to this whole matter and whatever they may think proper to do after examining into the a/cs and consulting with you I shall comply with refering you to them for my further information required from me.
JAP by WP

December 29, 1848
Capt Jonathan Hillman
Dear sir
I duly received your favor of 15th inst and noticed the contents. I am sorry Capt Thatcher has not been more attentive to his business and that he has been so negligent as to be turned out of the command of the Mazeppa; which I suppose must now be done defeating my sole object in buying the 1/3 of said vessel throwing himself out of business besides subjecting me to a loss of from $15 to 1800 dollars. I have received a no. of letters from Mr Toole urging me to sell out or permit him to run the vessel under a new commander. He offers me 3500$ for my 1/3d and will pay over the balance after deducting what I am indebted to him according to his accounts. I have replied to him that I would sell my 1/3d @ cost $4100 and that I considered the vessel now worth more than when I bot her as according to his a/cs she has had new rigging, sails and repairs and improvements on her cabin &c &c. Besides the demand for vessels of her class must be very good she being exactly the vessel for the California business particularly. I have this day written my son Frederick requesting him to call on you and for you both to examine into the matter and whatever he and you think best for me to do will confirm and be satisfied with it. If you both think best to accept the best offer you can get from Mr Toole you will do so if otherwise you will not sell to him but do as you think most for my intrest. I have written Mr Toole refering him to yourself & Fredk for any thing to be done on my part in relation to said vessell.
JAP

December 29, 1848
Henry Ludlam Esq.
Dr Sir
Your favor 26th as also the pair of capons they being my choice beleiving the ducks will suit Joseph best please to except my thanks. Aunt Mary joins with me in thanks for they are quite delicaces as we have never mett with before these recd from you. We have got through with the oil business most likely for the winter and sperm is nearly all sold the remainder is held by those that are able to keep it for greater prices say 110¢. Whale oil all sutiable for manufacturering is about all sold the remainder is suitable for shipping. Cotton is crawling up slowly. I think I shall hold on until spring. The new cotton mill about to start here purchased 200 bales to start on paid 7 to 9¢ for New Orleans cotton when it gets up to 10¢ it will do sell. Shall suffer by the quality not good enough for fine goods. Please to hand $200 over to S. Ludlam.
JAP
{drft on Judd’s Sons & Co at sight favor H. Ludlam for $200}

December 30, 1848
Messrs Wickes & Tillinghast
Gentts
Since my letter of 21st inst I have received none of your favors. The storm of yesterday and to day has been prevented any New York or western mails arriving. Enclosed I send you my account current made up to Dec 31, 1848. Balance in my favor $124,249.00 which if you find correct you will please to enter into conformity. Since my last there has been but few transactions in sperm oil or whale for sperm 110¢ is asked whale oil 36 or 37¢ the quality of which is quiet inferior for what remains in first hands say about 4100 bbls in all descriptions and there is about 4000 bbls of sperm oil in first hands in this vicinity. Manufacturers have comparatively no stock on hand compared with former years. Crockers have none and all others have but very little crude and none manufactured on hand.
JAP by WP

December 30, 1848
Chandler & Dean
Gentts
I send you by Jonathan Parker Jr. a package containing one thousand dollars. You will please make me a bale of heavy cloth and send it up with the Caps.
JAP

[Transcriptions converted to HTML format by Mark Procknik, 11 November 2010]