George Howland Letterbook

1837-1856

Preface to the Transcriptions:

These letter books are part of the Howland Collection [Mss 7] in the Old Dartmouth Historical Society Whaling Museum Library in New Bedford, Massachusetts. The collection contains the business records and personal papers of the Howland family covering the years from 1790 to 1890. Members of the family were primarily involved in mercantile activities and the whaling industry.

George Howland
George Howland was born on November 7, 1781 in the Long Plain section of what is now Acushnet, Massachusetts. The Howlands had been among the earliest settlers in Old Dartmouth and George had numerous relatives in the area. At the age of 16 he began his career as an apprentice in the office of William Rotch Jr., one of the three leading New Bedford whaling merchants and shipping agents of the day. In 1797 George Howland began keeping a financial journal to record his own business affairs. (His financial journals, ledgers, cash books and other records which supplement the letter books are also a part of the Howland Collection.) He began building his career by investing in the ventures of other merchants and buying small shares in local ships. He acquired a 6/32 share in the ship George in 1802 and by 1803 had become principal owner of that ship holding a 5/8 share. He later acquired or had built for the merchant trade the Robert Barclay, Savage, Elizabeth, Ann Alexander, Howland, George and Susan, and the Hope. For many years George Howland’s ships carried freight and cargos from New Bedford, New York City, and Norfolk to a number of European ports including Dublin, Liverpool, Cadiz, Leghorn, Archangel, etc. and imported a variety of items, so it is not surprising to find him writing about “our Atlantic market” in his letterbooks. George Howland was successful despite the challenges to shipping imposed by the Napoleonic Wars, the Jefferson Embargo, and the War of 1812.

In 1817 George Howland began sending ships on whaling voyages. Some were converted from merchant use, others selected specifically for whaling. His whaling vessels included the George and Susan, Golconda, Ann Alexander, Hope, Cortes, Java, George Howland, Rousseau, and Corinthian. (A variety of records, including outfitting books, bills of exchange, bills of lading, and crew accounts for these ships are included in the Howland collection.) George Howland continued to send cargos of oil to Europe, especially to Bremen and Rotterdam; he imported Swedish iron as well as English-made try pots, which he sold to other merchants in the whaling industry. He also sent oil and candles to his American agents in Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.

On September 29, 1803 George Howland married his cousin, Elizabeth Howland, the daughter of John Howland. George and Elizabeth had three children: George and Elizabeth M., who died young, and George Jr., who at age 14 entered business with his father and went on to be a prominent public figure in New Bedford, serving as mayor from 1855 to 1865. Elizabeth Howland died on December 12, 1806.

On April 26, 1810 George Howland married Susanna Howland, the daughter of Cornelius Howland. George and Susan, as she was known, had 14 children, 8 of whom died young. The children who survived into adulthood were: Augustus, who lived in Scipio, Ledyard and Syracuse, New York; Elizabeth, who married William Chase of Salem; Massachusetts; Matthew, who entered business with his father and his half- brother; Charles Wing, who first lived in Union Springs, New York but later moved to Wilmington, Delaware; Susan R., who married Samuel Parsons of Flushing, New York; and Robert Bowne, who spent much of his adult life in Union Springs, New York but returned to New Bedford in his later years.

The New Bedford directories of 1836, 1838, 1839, 1841, 1845, and 1849 provide considerable information about George Howland. All but the 1849 Directory list him as a merchant and all list him as president of the New Bedford Commercial Bank. All show his home at 75 Walnut Street, at the corner of 7th Street. They list George Howland’s counting house office at 122 North 2nd Street and a wharf near-by at the foot of North Street. The 1836 Register shows a second wharf owned by George Howland at the foot of Union Street; later directories list this location as Merchants Wharf and today it is known as State Pier. Starting in 1838 a candle house and oil manufactory owned by George Howland are listed at the same North Street address as his office. In addition to his shipping and whaling activities, George Howland had other interests. He was the principal owner of the Weweantit Iron Company in Wareham, Massachusetts. He was on the board of Directors of the New Bedford and Taunton Rail Road Company during the 1840s. All of the Directories show George Howland serving as a trustee of the Friends Academy in New Bedford.

After George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland joined their father’s shipping and whaling business, the firm became known as George Howland and Sons. The letter books show George Howland that became less active in the business during the 1840s. Letters of direction to whaling ship captains from 1843 onward were signed by George Howland Jr., or Mathew Howland rather than their father.

George Howland died on May 5, 1852. At the time of his death, his estate, which had a net value of $615,000, included 9 whaling vessels with a book value of about $300,000 and a replacement value that could have been close to $1,000,000.

The Letter Books
There are four letter books, all with board covers and leather spines. The first, a volume 8 ½ by 10 inches, covers the dates from July 16, 1803 to March 3, 1811. It has 188 pages. The second letter book is 8 5/8 by 15 ½ and covers the period from March 4, 1811 to December 28, 1823. This book has 260 pages of letters plus 7 pages with information about postage costs. The third letter book, 7 15/16 by 12 15/16 inches, runs from January 1, 1824 to January 20, 1837. It has 158 pages of letters, but the last third of the book is blank. The final letter book is 8 1/16 by 12 15/16. It contains 99 pages of letters related to George Howland’s business during the period from January 27, 1837 to November 12, 1851. In addition, there are 4 pages of material following the notation “letters hereafter copies are in reference to the settlement of the Estate of George Howland and connected with it.” Two additional letters written by George Howland, Jr. and Matthew Howland and dated August 30, 1870 deal with replacing the Captain of the George and Susan while it was in Australia; the relationship to George Howland’s estate is not evident. The last half of this book is blank. Matthew Howland’s letter book for the years 1858 – 1879 is available at the Baker Library, Harvard University.

“In the eighteenth century bound blank volumes were used to record out going correspondence. Many authors used such letter books as a convenient place in which to draft their correspondence, recopying the final version on a separate sheet for mailing, while others copied texts into their letterbooks from the final version of the letter.” (Mary-Jo Kline, A Guide to Documentary Editing, 2nd ed., Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1998, pages 97-98.) Evidence suggests that George Howland used both approaches in his letter books. The presence of insertions and deletions, as well as a number of spelling errors, suggests that Howland’s letters in these books were frequently draft versions rather than a final copy.

The early letters in these books would have been written by George Howland himself or copied by the clerk. In later years George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland were also involved. Two other Howland sons, Augustus and Charles W., made letter book entries on at least a few occasions. The work of several individuals is evident from the variations in handwriting, the abbreviations used, and other stylistic elements. Following the recommendation of Kline (A Guide to Documentary Editing, p. 123) for transcribing correspondence, the transcriber has not attempted to standardize most of the spelling or the abbreviations since these, along with the handwriting, can provide useful clues to the identity of the person who wrote a given letter book entry. However, in order to make these letter books more easily searchable, the transcriber has spelled out (and corrected when necessary) the names of the people and businesses with whom George Howland corresponded as well as the names of places and of ships. The words whale, sperm, and spermaceti are always spelled out. Other words are spelled out when an abbreviation is not obvious.

The largest group of letters involves George Howland’s business correspondence, especially with Cropper Benson & Company, Fish & Grinnell, Josiah Bradlee & Company, Post & Grinnell, Post & Russell, and W.E. & E. B. Laurence & Company Letters of instruction to his captains, both for merchant voyages and for whaling voyages, are included. There are a few letters related to family matters. An index showing the recipient of letters in each book is available.

The letters frequently involve financial dealings with drafts or bills of exchange. These were a means of paying debts in distant places without the risk of sending cash. Drafts are requests for one person to pay another and to charge the amount to the person who makes the request. Arithmetic books from the early part of the nineteenth century often have sections about this process. See for example, Frederick Emerson. North American Arithmetic. Part Third for Advanced Scholars. Boston: G.W. Palmer & Co., 1838, pages 216 – 220, which is available in the Whaling Museum Library.

These letter books use many of the abbreviations that were common in the businesses of the time. These include:
                                                                                                           Act or acc = account
                                                                                                           A/C or a/c = account current
                                                                                                           A/S or a/s = account sales
                                                                                                           Bbls = barrels
                                                                                                           Cr or Ct = credit
                                                                                                           Cwt = hundred weight
                                                                                                           Drft = draft
                                                                                                           Favr = favor
                                                                                                           Frt or frght = freight
                                                                                                           Hhds = hogsheads
                                                                                                           m = thousand
                                                                                                           Recd or rec’d = received

The letter book writers often used initials instead of the full names of individuals or businesses. When subsequent information or research has made the identity clear the transcriber has replaced the initials with the full name. When there is a “best guess” the transcriber has retained the initial and followed it with a bracket showing a question mark and the most likely identity. In the remaining cases the initials remain unchanged.

The transcriber has retained the practice of the writers of most of the earlier letters who used a dash rather than a period to show the end of a sentence. Similarly no attempt has been made to begin sentences with a capital letter if the letter book writer did not do so. Readers will observe that the writing in the letterbooks gradually changes over time and becomes more like contemporary writing style. Closings in the early letters were usually shown as “I am &” but there were some variations. Later letters were often closed “Thine &” or “Thy assured friend.” All of the closings have been transcribed. Datelines rarely showed the location of the writer; New Bedford is assumed. The variations in the datelines have been retained by the transcriber.

The transcriber has not made any systematic attempt to annotate the letters. Information about additional sources that supplement the content of the letters, such as the location of a logbook for a voyage or other related documents, has been included when found. The library and the transcriber welcome any information that readers can provide about the people, events, and places mentioned in these letterbooks.

Preface and transcriptions by Ruth Ekstrom
New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library

 

Transcriptions: January 27, 1837 - July 4, 1856

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                    New Bedford 1 mo 27 1837

 

Crary Fletcher & Co

Respected Friends

 

                                    your esteemed favour of the 18th of June & 24th December has been duly recd, the latter with your a/C enclosed; which is correct & the Balance of £60.6.11 due you stands to your Credit on my Books – when I last wrote you requesting a shipment of Try Pots last year, I expected the Hope would have gone out to Europe with a cargo of Oil on my own acc; but she did not – I am daily expecting a Ship to arrive with a Cargo of South sea Oil, when I shall immediately dispatch the Hope with her Cargo & you will be put in funds for my a/c – under these circumstances I thought you would not wish a remittance for so small a sum –

your assured friend

 

                                                2 mo 20th 1837

Elisha Hathaway & Co

Respected Friends

 

                        Your favour of November 16 the 16th inst with your A/C annexed was duly received H & Hussey have this day paid me Thirty seven 95/100 Dollars which is the Balance agreeable to the a/c & which is very satisfactory.

Your assured friend

 

                                                2 mo 20th 1837

Respected Friends

            Barrow & Prior

 

                                    I expect my Son Augustus will have occasion to draw on you for the Balance which may be due me about the first of the fourth Month next or in the course of that month –

Your assured friend

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                                                2 mo 16th 1837

Respected friend

A. J. Underhill

                                    Thy favour of 1 mo 14th and post marked Cortland town 2 mo 3d last was not received untill this evening there must have been some unusual delay in the letter reaching me.  I have been expecting for a considerable time to have recd Something from some quarter respecting the Lot of Land in question for I have not before this evening recd a word since I wrote Joshua Mekell accepting thy terms for the Lot.  I have some time since placed the Money in the hands of Hussey & Mackay of New York for the payment of it –

             I now hand thee annexed my draft on them at two days sight for $6000- thee will please have a Deed executed & left with Hussey & Mackay for me.  I am entirely willing thee should be accomodated with the Grass on the place and will leave it entirely with Joshua Mekell to do as he will about it – If thee can execute the Deed without going to New York thee can send it to me by Mail, if not thee may leave it with Hussey & Mackay when thee presents them with the Drafts – I shall write Hussey & Mackay on the subject –

Thy assured friend

 

                                                2 mo 28th 1837

 

Respected friend

Joshua Mekell

 

                        Thy favr of 2 mo 20 I have recd this evening & note its contents – I recd a letter from A. J. Underhill dated 1 mo 10 Post marked 2 mo 3 which I recd 2 mo 16 of course put it out of my power to meet him at New York the time he named he requested I would inform him if it would be agreable to me to meet him at that time by which I supposed he would wait my reply before he went to New York.  I wrote him the same evening on which I received his letter, the 16th Inst & sent him a Drft on Hussey and Mackay at 2 days

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sight for $6000 & requested him to send me the deed since which I have not heard nothing from him- he stated to me it was some disappointment to him in nothing being earlier apprised of my conclusion to take the place as he had made some arrangement to send some sheep to Hector to be pastured and sold – I wrote him he would have the pasture or at least I should leave it to thee to do as thee would in the case – I wish thee to manage the place just as if it was thy own in letting it etc. I do not wish to have a stick of Timber of any description taken from the place – I shall probably see thee in the course of the year when I will adjust all matters with thee respected the land in question- I should be glad occasionally to hear from thee – I intended to have written thee as soon as I had heard any thing definite from A.J.Underhill – there is much delay as it would seem from letters not getting forward as might be expected –

Thy assured friend

 

                                                2 mo 28. 1837

Doctor Thomas Wilbur

 

                        Thy fav of this date has been recd & note its contents – in reply may say that it is difficult for me to give thee anything definite as it respects the time of Bark Hope Sailing – I am expecting a Ship from the East Cape with Whale Oil with which

I intend loadg the Hope & as soon as this Ship Java arrives I shall dispatch the Hope immediately say in about a week or ten days – she will proceed to a port on the Continent thence to Gottenburg & if your friend Canute Halvinson should be there in time to take passage in her, he can do it with his family free from any expense excepting providing himself with every thing he may want on the passage – I do no know who will go Master of the Hope, whoever does go

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I will give directions to receive your friend & family on board as above stated -

 

To Randall H. Greene                           3 mo 2 1837

 

                        Above thee has bill of 23 Casks of Oil [?] which is put onboard the Sloop Rising Sun Cap Crapo agreeable to thy letter of the 25th Ulto – thee may send me a Note for the Amot

I am &

 

                                                New Bedford 3 mo 2 1837

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co

                                    Annex’d I hand you a Check for Thirty six hundred Dollars for my

Acct – I have not been able to procure funds in Boston as I should have remitted you before – our Bank has had hard work to meet its own calls in Boston – I shall remit you the Balance ere long –

your assured friend

 

                                                3 mo 21st 1837

 

To Hussey & Mackay

 

                                    Annex’d I hand you my two Drafts on Thomas W. Morgan for  $3000 & $2500 together making $5500 which when collected please place to my credit & oblige your assured friend

 

To Sturenberg & Cankrien & Co                      5 mo 3 1837

 

                        Enclosed I hand you Invoice & bill of lading of the Bark Hopes Cargo Capt Seabury she is now loaded & will be ready to sail in a short time she is deep loaded & cannot make a short passage – I think you may expect her in few days after the receipt of this – the Hope is a fine good Vessell Coppered & Copper fastened & would be insured in this Port as low as any Vessell whatever & Capt Seabury is a very careful & experienced man – I wish you on the receipt of this to make $10000 Insurance on the Hopes Cargo, as I

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have liberty from your Richard L. Cankrien to draw  on you for that Amot – I wish you to exercise your own best judgment in making sale of this Cargo – If you can procure any frt & passengers that will be an object for the Bark to New York or to this place, I should like it – if not, she will return direct to this place in Balast – I wish you to give Capt Seabury all the dispatch you can consistent with my Interest – I hope & trust you will do the very best you can in making sale of this Cargo either immediately or more [?remotely] – I shall write you again soon –

I am &

 

To Capt William Seabury                      5 mo 4 1837

 

                        The Bark Hope is again ready for Sea with a Cargo of Whale Oil & Bone for Rotterdam & Consigned to Sturenberg  Cankrien & Co of that place to whom thee will deliver the Cargo on thy arrival – If nothing should offer for return freight worth accepting I wish the Hope balasted & return direct to this Port with as little delay as possible giving Sturenberg Cankrien & Co all the time in the delivery of the Cargo as will be to my Interest I wish thee to have a particular care that the Cargo is delivered in good order – thee may bring 5 or 600 Glls [?Linard] Oil & a little Stock as we talk’d if thee should think it best when the comes to leave Rotterdam – wishing thee a pleasant Voyage & safe return –

I am &

 

To Richard L. Cankrien                        5 mo 4 1837

 

                        Thy favr of the 19th Ulto I duly recd & note its contents – I wrote your House this day & forwarded them the Invoice & bill of lading of the Hopes Cargo of 54066 Glls Whale Oil & 6000 [?] Whale Bone by the way of England & France agreeable to thy instructions – the Hope will Clear today & will sail soon – I have requested your House to make Insurance on the Hopes Cargo to the Value of Ten Thousand Dollars – I should like to have thy assistance in the sale of Exchange on Sturenberg & Cankrien & Co – [?] I should prefer thy drawing the Exchange & place the funds to my Credit in New York –

 

To Thomas W Morgan             5 mo 4 1837

 

                        Thy letter of the 30th Ulto with its enclosure was recd yesterday & note its contents – thy letter of Novr 29 1836 says “since I last had the pleasure of writing

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you I have closed the Invoice of 37 Casks 6 or 8 Glls recd [?] Excellent Winter Oil – of 10 Casks fall 1569 Galls & Do – 10 Casks fall & D in Hope 1526 Galls & the Invoice of 34 Casks of fall 4816 Glls per Gazelle at 95 for the fall & 110 for the Winter – on the 1st of Decmr I commence on your two other remaining Invoice Amg to 8800 Glls & D in Hope & Gazelle & hope to close all by the first of the year”  April 1st thee writes me “I have nearly closed all your Oil & will render you Sales with A/C in a few days” - & on the 11 of April thee says “ I write at present to say I have sold all your Oil – I will beg of you to draw as lightly & at as long time as possible though yours is one of the few Houses I ought to ask such a favour from – had all drawn like you – I should not have to ask a favour of any one” – thy letter as above says thee should commence on the two last sales lots on the 1st Decmr & the Sales says Jany 31st – thy letter of 11 mo 29 says thee had sold the lot of 37 Casks Whale Oil at 110 & what does thy sales say – thy letter of Apl 11 says thee had sold all my Oil, thy sales says otherwise – I believe thee cannot be in Cash advance for my Oil – I am etc.

P.S. The leakage or deficiency of some sent on the 3 last Sales Amounts to over 1000 Glls & on the same three Invoices there is $23.43 Cooperage charge – this is I think unprecedented –

 

To Sturenberg Cankrien & Co              New York 5 mo 13 1837

 

                        I am here on my way to New Bedford & have this day drawn on you in favr of Hussey & Mackay for 8000 Gilders at 60 Days sight which you will please Honor & place to my acct – I have consulted you Richard L. Cankrien (who is now present) on the subject – I wrote you last by the way of England & France & by the Hope – I have not the dates of those letters now with me – I hope you will be able to do something cleavour with the Hopes Cargo –

I am &

7

 

                                                5 mo 20th 1837

Crocker Brothers & Co

                                                your esteemed favour of the 19 Inst I have this morning recd & note its contents I will rece the Copper on the terms proposed & will let you know when I want it sent – it will be in time to receive it from Taunton –

yours &

 

                                                5 mo 20 1837

 

Alexander Barclay & Co

                                    your esteemed favr of the 22d Feby has been duly recd – it was my intention to have sent the Hope Capt Seabury to Gottenburg for a Cargo of Iron, but the great disaugement of all Commercial transactions has rendered it in my judgement most prudent for me to abandon it & direct the Hope return from Rotterdam – I had given some encouragement through my friends at Fall River (a Manufacturing town near this) that I would (should the Hope go to Gottenburg which I then expected she would) bring out in the Hope free of charge a poor man & his family (a part of whom are now at Fall River) from Gottenburg, he is from Christiana (Norway) by the name  of Canute Halvorson – should he apply to you making enquirings for the Hope, I shall be much obliged by your giving him the above information respecting the destination of the Hope. I should likewise be much obliged by your rendering him such assistance as he may stand in need of to enable him in procuring a passage to the United States & as near to this place as can be procured – If you would advance him a moderate amount to enable him to pay his passage to America should he be unprovided with the means I will remit you the amount or I will be answerable or responsible for his passage if it can be paid after his arrival in

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in the United States – I have feared since I had determined not to send the Hope to Gottenburg it would be a great disappointment to this Poor man & he might be at Gottenburg without the means of getting to America & consequently detained there – you will please excuse me in thus calling your attention to the subject of this Poor man & his Family & believe me to be

your assured friend

 

                                                5 mo 20th 1837

To Joseph R. Williams

 

                        Thy favour of the 2d & 8 inst I have received & note their contents – I am not willing under the present prospect of things to build any more Mills unless it can be done without interfearing with the income of the property being applied to the payment of the mortgage & Interest as far as needed – If thee would do thy buisness as it ought to have been done I should not have been under the necessity of inquiring of thy Father or some other persons to know why a Draft is made upon me without liberty or advice –

Thy assured friend

           

                                                            5 mo 20th 1837

To Sturenberg Cankrein & Co

 

                        I wrote you last on the 13th inst from New York advising of having drawn on you in favour of Hussey and Mackay for 8000 Guilders – I now have to advise you of having this ↑day↓ drawn again on you in two setts of Exchange in favr of Hussey & Mackay of New York for 10,000 Guilders in one sett & 7000 in another sett making together 17000 Guilders & including the 8000 which was drawn on the 13th will make up the sum of 25000 Guilders as advised which you will please honour & place to my a/c – You will please advise me immediately on the Hopes arrival the probable amot which may still be due and much oblige

Yours &

9

 

                                                5 mo 22nd 1837

To Hussey & Mackay

 

                                    I send you enclosed two setts of Exchange on Rotterdam for 10,000 & 7000 Guilders which you will please exercise your own judgement in selling when you may think is the most favorable time.  I have an acceptance at the Phoenix Bank for $820 due 6 yrs 2.  I shall be obliged by your taking it up for me.  I have given my Son Augustus liberty to draw on you for $1500 which please accept when it appears which will not be for some time.  You will please give me a statement of the nett amot of the Sales of the Exchange as you make it. how does things appear with you.  I hope buisness will now become more settled & confidence will be by degrees gaining ground again –

 

To Barrows & Prior                 5 mo 22 1837

 

                        Your favr of the 20th Inst I have this morning recd & note its contents – I was in hopes you would have escaped the failures.  I must leave you to act your best judgment in the cases alluded too – you will exercise your best judgment in receiving any debts which may be doubtful belonging to me, advising of the same –

I am &

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co                  6 mo 10th 1837

 

                        I missed of Seeing you yesterday on my return as was expected – I find we used 600 Sheets of the 1000 Sent for the Java & as it will take about the same quantity for the George & Susan I should like to have 600 sheets as per memorandum at foot, if you will put it at 26 cents 6 months – I have one other ship now here to Copper which I shall want copper for as soon I can get my owner consent to purchase, I think the general stagnation of buisness both here & in Europe must depress every kind of Merchandise & that will experience a decline – if you accept the terms you will send the Copper when convenient if not please advise at Newport as I expect to go there today & shall be there the fore part of next week over

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149-32 oz   120-26 oz             I am expecting two other

130-30 oz   100-24 oz             ships in this fall for which

120-28 oz   610                       I shall want copper likewise

 

                                                Your assured friend

George Howland

 

To Capt Joseph A. Bailey Jr.                6 mo 30th 1837

 

                        The ship Ann Alexander is now again ready to proceed on her intended Whale voyage thyself Master.  I have not much to say except that it is my opinion that it would be best to proceed with all proper dispatch for St. Pauls cruising ground and after the season is up then work to the westward around Madagascar and to the south when perhaps she may be able to fall in with 2 or 300 Bbls sperm Oil. I would not wish by any means to confine thee to any particular cruising grounds but after giving thee my notions leave it for thee to use thy own judgement & experience fully beleiving thy judgement to be better than mine in this respect – I wish thee to have especial care of the ship and all belonging to her particularly the Mast heads keep them filled with Salt.  It is not necessary for me to say to thee to accomplish the object in view viz a cargo of Oil Strict watchfulness & perseverance must be maintained in that it would be most beneficial to the purposes of the voyage that there should harmony & good feeling kept up between the officers & crew being well satisfied in this respect we entirely agree –

            Should thee be so fortunate as to procure some sperm Oil before passing the Islands & should have an oppurtunity for shipping it home consign it if to Boston to Josiah Bradlee & Co, New York Hussey & Mackay – Please date the Bills of Lading at Sea – should the have occasion to draw on the owners for supplies for the ship’s use thy drafts will be honored by them- I give thee below a list of prices of different articles on board the ship and conclude

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                                    7 mo 10th 1837

To H Leonard & Co

 

                        Your favour of the 5th Inst with your a/c annexed has been duly recd – my Books stand in conformity Balance due me of $1023.67 –

Yours &

 

                                                7 mo 12 1837

 

Sturenburg Cankrien & Co

                                                Your esteemed favour of the 2 & 26 of May has been recd & fully note their Contents – Whale Oil has been and was selling here at 33 Cents at the time I recd your of the 2d it has been declining & has within a few days been offered at 28 Cents Cash – I do not expect it will go any lower with us – I look for some improvement as money is getting quite easy – I shall not be able to execute your order at your limits – I hope you will be able to dispose of the Hopes Cargo at better prices than your quotations would give Whale Oil must improve in the Fall – hope soon to have your advises of the arrival of the Hope at Rotterdam –

yours &

.

                                                7 mo 20th 1837

 

D. T. Thurston & Co

                                    Annexed I had you my a/c Balance due me of $20.20 for which please send me your check on one of the Boston Banks, my Son did not put down the price of the first lot of Oil & if the price is any different from what we agreed upon you will please correct it in the Balance due me – your favour of the 15 inst is duly recd

yours &

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                                    7 mo 28th 1837

To Shober & Bunting

 

                                    Your esteemed fav of the 24th inst with your a/c annexed has been duly recd – the Balance due me $449.35 appears correct and my Books stand in conformity – I charge your a/c with $2 20/100 paid B Lindsey for Paper I have a quantity of Whalebone on hand which I should like to sell when it appear best to do so – I shall have strained Oil in the season of straining & should like to furnish you with what you can sell – I shall have Winter Oil this season.  The Plank & timber I wish you to send me by any good oppurtunity.  I will endeavour to get a vessel to take it, should you not have shipped it at the time.  I have some Whale Oil on hand likewise which I would like sell at a fair price

8 mo 9th 1837

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co

                                   

                        Your favr of the 5th Inst was recd in my absence – I now annex my Notes for the Amot of your bill Copper excepting the first 1000 Sheets – which hope will be found correct - please send me your bills for the same –

your assured friend

 

                                    8 mo 9th 1837

 

To D. T. Thurston & Co

 

                        Your favr of the 8th Inst with $20.25 enclosed has been duly recd & your a/c with me is settled –

your assured friend

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                                                8 mo 16, 1837

Sturenberg Cankrien & Co

                        your esteemd favour of theb 2d – 6- 10 - 19-19 & 27th of June have been duly recd & note their contents – Whale Oil with us, has not been at a price to fullfill your order for that article at your limits – it is selling now with us a 30 cts per Gallon – I hope soon to be advised of the arrival of the Hope at New York – I think Whale Oil with you must improve as there is but little shipping & it is held at a higher price here – I trust you will do the best possible with the Hopes Cargo & that the result may be better than what is anticipated – hoping soon to hear further from you

I remain &

 

                                                8 mo 16, 1837

Capt. William Seabury

                        I am advised by our friends at Rotterdam that the Hope will return to New York with freight & passengers – I wish thee to call on Hussey & Mackay to assist thee in thy buisness at New York – it is most likely the Hope will return to this place as soon as thee can get clear of her cargo – what articles thee may have on board for me can be kept on board to come here in the vessel I will write thee again on hearing from thee in New York

Thy assured friend

 

                                                8 mo 16 1837

To Hussey & Mackay

                                    I have given Augustus Howland liberty to draw on you for $2500 at 55 Days & 2500 Dlls at 65 Days more, this I will provide for in time – I have likewise given him liberty to draw for his own purpose $500 at 5 Days & for $1000 at 5 Days he will want occasionally to draw more as he sends it in the purchase of Wheat – I should be glad if you would send me a rough sketch of my Acct as I may not have got all on my Books – Augustus will want to know for all I can let him have – I shall send you a few Candles soon – Please inform me what Exchange on Rotterdam is worth & what is the

14

prospect of its rising or falling – please forward me I have about 15000 Guilders more to draw for – please forward the enclosed letters by different conveyances

& much oblige              your &

 

P.S. I expect the Bark Hope Capt Seabury at New York from Rotterdam with frt & passengers you will please render Capt Seabury such assistance as he may need in the transaction of the Hope’s buisness-

 

To H. Leonard & Co                8 mo 16 1837

 

                                    Please send me by first conveyance Four Tons Iron Hoops as per Memr & advise me when I may expect to receive them – I am &

 

7 Tons 4d light & Heavy

4  “      5d       Do

“      6        Do

14

                                                8 mo 18, 1837

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co

Respected friends

                                    your favr of the 17th Inst is at hand – I shall be obliged by your sending me the Duck as per Memo below – as you have no Duck Bruskind on hand, would you be so kind as to ask some of your neighbours who have the article to send me 45 pieces of that Duck provided it can be at $16 ½ pr piece 6 Months

 

40 ps Zotoff                             your assured friend

20 ps 2nd Quality (best)

22 ps       Heavy Ravens

12 ps       light     Do

94

            I will forward my Notes for the amot of the Duck if wished –

15

 

                                                9 mo 5th 1837

To Bates & Co

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 21st Ultimo with Bill Lading & Bill Duck annexed has been duly recd in my absence – annexed I hand you my Note for the amot of the bill of Duck – have you any half duck.  I am in want of 18 peices

Yours &

 

                                                9 mo 5th 1837

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co

                                                Your fav of the 21st Ultimo with Bill Lading & Bill Duck annexed was duly recd in my absence – annexed I hand you my Note for the amot of the same –

 

                                                9 mo 2d 1837

To Sturenberg Cankrein & Co

                                                I have this day drawn on you in favour of Hussey & Mackay for 10000 Guilders 60 Days which you please honour & place to a/c of

assured friend

 

To Samuel Mitchell & Son

& James Mitchell

                                    your favor of the 8th I recd yesterday afternoon & neglected to attend to its contents before & as the Steamboat leaves soon, I must write in haste – James Mitchell has written me for about the same quantity of Oil as you have.  I have concluded to let each of you have Ten Thousand gallons & for you give me your joint Notes payable here at 6 9 & 12 months at your price – Altho’ the Credit is quite too long but presume I shall be safe in giving the Credit – Altho’ I am unacquainted with your circumstances & have not time to speak to any one on the subject – the Oil is in Friends’ meeting house Cellar – Rousseau Cargo Peru Oil –

16

                                    9 mo 23d 1837

 

To Sturenberg Cankrien & Co

 

                                                I have this day drawn on you for 5000 Guilders at 60 days in favr of Hussey & Mackay payable in Amsterdam. Exchange has become quite dull & difficult of late – you will please accept the Bill when it appears & place the Amot to my a/c & oblige your friend

 

                                                10 mo 5 1837

 

To Sturenberg Cankrien &Co

 

                        I wrote you 9 mo 2d last advising of having drawn on you in favour of Hussey & Mackay for 10,000 Guilders Owing to Exchange being dull of Sale in New York I have agreable to Hussey and Mackay’s request, divided that sett of Exchange & now send thee in its stead one sett drawn or dated 10 mo 1. for 5000 Guilders & another sett of the same amot of this date both at 60 Days & in favour of Hussey & Mackay you will please honour them when they appear & place them to my acc – your favours of August 1st 11 & 18 have been duly recd with a/c & a/c Sales annexed which is correct  satisfactory, altho’ I should have been better pleased had the Cargo of the Hopes turned to better a/c – The detention of the Hope has been unfortunate –

this letter not sent

 

                                    10 mo 5, 1837

Hussey & Mackay

 

                        your favour of the 29th Ultimo I have duly recd – I now send you 2 Setts of Exchange on Amsterdam for 5000 Guilders each, which you will please dispose of on the best terms you can – please return me by private conveyance the sett of Exchange for 10,000 Guilders as the enclosed is intended to take the place of them –

17

 

                                                            11 mo 7th 1837

 

To Capt E. A. Luce

            of Ship Rousseau

                                                The ship Rousseau is now ready to proceed to sea under thy command on her intended whale voyage the object of which is a cargo of clean white sperm Oil – this may be effected by close attention & untiring perseverance on the part of thyself & officers but on thy own exertions more particularly – I am fully convinced that a cargo of sperm Oil may yet be procured in the Pacific Ocean within a reasonable time with reasonable exertions

            I think from thy own experience thee is fully aware of the importance of harmony being maintained between the Officers & also between the Officers and crew.  good treatment towards ^the crew^ will almost invariably produce good treatment from them toward the officers I think with a little attention this may be effected to the satisfaction of all as well as being of material benefit to the voyage in other respects.

            I wish to have especial care of the ship and all belonging to her, see that nothing is wasted or improperly used , keep the mast heads salted, the chain cables & shroud chains free from rust – keep fresh water out of the ship as much as possible, by all means keep the inside of the ship clean from filth & in fact have a general supervisory care over all the several parts of the ship & appurtenances.

            As to thy cruising ground I shall have noth’g to say leaving it entirely at thy own option believing that thy knowledge in this respect is superior to mine.  Should thee have occasion in the prosecution of the voyage to draw on me for supplies for the ship thy drafts will be honored-

            Should thee be so fortunate as to procure some Oil before passing the Islands & should have an oppurtunity to ship it Home consign it etc.

 

[There is a logbook for this voyage. See  #434, Microfilm #276/424-483.  There is also a logbook in the Yale University Collection. ]

18

                                                            11 mo 7th 1837

To Capt Aaron C. Cushman

            of Ship George & Susan

                                                The George & Susan is now about ready to proceed on her intended Cape Horn Whale voyage thyself master.  I recommend thy entering upon this voyage with a full determination of prosecuting it to a favorable termination, always bearing in mind that nothing is obtained or a man cannot distinguish himself in any buisness or enterprise without great exertion of both body & mind these must be brought into active exertion & when they are a reward of success will be the consequence, therefore I do earnestly recommend this exertion to thy deep consideration & trust that nothing will be wanting on thy part in procuring a full cargo of good clean Sperm Oil for the George & Susan, thee will please take good care of the ship & all that belongs to her, keep the fresh water out of her, keep the Chain Cables & other Chains about her from re rusting as much as may be - keep Salt at the Mast heads – harmonize all the Crew and treat them like Men – and success will be the consequence – I shall not confine thy cruising ground but I have a good opinion of the Coast of Chile, Peru, the Off Shore ground, Japan etc. but thee must exercise thy best judgement in making the choice of cruising – write me occasionally – I make no Insurance - should thee obtain any Oil this side of the Islands and has an oppurtunity of shipping it home, etc thy drafts on me for any supplies which thee may have to procure for the ship will be honored by me –

 

[There is a logbook for this voyage in the New Bedford Public Library and another one in the Nicholson of the Providence, RI Public Library]

19

 

                                                11 mo 29th 1837

 

To Sturenberg Cankrein & Co

 

                        Your esteemed favours of August 1st 11th & 18th have been duly recd with A/C & A/Sales annexed which is satisfactory although I should have been better pleased had the Cargo of the Hopes turned to better a/c her detention has been unfortunate – I now have to advise of having this day drawn on you in favr of Hussey & Mackay of NewYork for 2500 Guilders at 60 Days sight, which you will please accept & place to my acct which is about the balance due me – the Hope is now here loading for New Orleans to return here in the Spring probably to load for Europe –

I am &

 

To Hussey & Mackay              11 mo 29 1837

 

                                    Enclosed I hand you a sett of Exchange on Sturenberg Cankrien & Co for 2500 Guilders which please dispose of to best advantage & place to proceeds to my Ct the enclosed letter of advice may be forwarded by different conveyances –

I am &

 

To Whitridge & Co                  12 mo 2d 1837

 

                        I have shipped by the Bark Hope for New Orleans 21 casks Whitened fall Oil which is good & should like for you to dispose of what you can of it for cash or Barter trade for such articles as will pay a freight for this market – I should prefer Prime Pork & flour but sugar, molasses or even Cotton would do for a part – I shall want to load about one half of the Hope & think you will in conversation with Capt Seabury be able to fill her up on freight for this Port – I have given Capt Seabury the a/c of the Oil with the liberty for him to dispose of as much of the Oil as he can in the way directed.  I shall write you again by Mail I annex memorandum of the 21 casks of Oil -

20

 

                                                12 mo 2d 1837

To Capt William Seabury

                                                The Bark Hope is now loaded for New Orleans with Oil & candles to sundry persons to whom thee will deliver them & receive the freight for the same with primage if it is a customary charge on such goods Coast wise.  I wish the amot of freight out after payg expenses in New Orleans laid out in good Prime Pork.  I want 400 bbls of this article if it can be purchased at advantage. I ship by the Hope 100 bbls Whitened fall Oil about as good as most of the Oil sold at New Orleans for Winter.  I wish thee may barter as much of this Oil as thee can for any kind of produce that will pay a freight to bring to this market such as sugar, molasses, Cotton, flour, Pork etc.  Thee will use thy own judgement in taking steam up the river if the Bark should draw too much water for the Bar thee can take cargo out aft & put it on deck forward &step her until she will go – I shall write thee at New Orleans & give such other directions that may suit my wants, as to return cargo I think I shall want to load one half of her to this place & think thee will be able to pick up enough to fill her up & return to this place by the middle of March. I have not consigned the Bark to anybody expecting thee will do everything to promote the voyage & make all the saving of expences & Commission thee can wishing thee a pleasant voyage & safe return to thy family& friends

 

                                                12 mo 29th 1837

 

To Capt Alexander Bunker

            Nantucket

                                    Annexed I hand thee thy a/c with a Check as above for the Balance – the Balance due thee from the Cortes of $112.64 is still due & will be paid or settled hereafter.  I understand thee has taken some things from the ship which belongs to her, if so, thou wilt return them.  The Master of a Ship ought not to feel himself at liberty on any pretence whatever to take the least thing from a ship which has been in confidence entrusted to his care without the special consent of the Owners –

21

 

To Prince Gardner                                1 mo 23 1838

 

                        I have this afternoon recd thy favr of the 18th Inst & fully note its contents – we have just got the Acct of the Ships Cargo which is 2881 Bls & would like to sell them & Buy what you want – I understand Oil has been sold for 82 ½ Cents – this cargo of Oil was all obtained on the Cost of [?Peru] & off shore ground & is an excellent↑such↓Cargo – I will sell you at 6 9 & 12 Months at 82 Cents if I can hear from you soon or before I sell it – at this season of the year it may take some time to get an answer from thee – the Cargo turns out 37 ½  pCt head –

I am &

 

To Hussey & Mackay              1 mo 26 1838

 

                                    Your favr of the 22d Inst with your A/C enclosed has been recd – which appears correct excepting you have twice charged the protest on my Dft on Thomas W. Morgan of $1.88 the Balance due you by my Books is $2456.72 which is $1.88 less than is stated by your Acct – If I am correct please say so  -

I am etc

 

To Shober Bunting & Co                      1 mo 27 1838

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 20th Inst with A/Sales 30 Casks Oil & A/C annex’d has been duly recd & fully note the contents – the Oil is correct & my Books are in conformity excepting I make the Balance due me to be $2738.68 – the difference ↑is↓ $2.50 which was paid our [?Prenter] on your Oil – I should be glad for you to close Sales of my Oil as soon as you well can as I am unwilling to have Oil to lay long on hand

I am &

 

                                                                        1 mo 26th 1838

To Whitridge & Co

                                                Your favour of the 13th inst I have just recd & note its contents – I should like for the Hope to return as soon as the season will do for her to approach our coast – I have nothing to add but to confirm my instructions to Capt William Seabury for a return Cargo – I have the George Howland in with a full Cargo of Sperm Oil & shall expect for her & the Cortes to sail the 1st of April & wish Capt Seabury to be here in time to furnish the provisions which we shall expect by him – I shall like to see him by the 1st to 10th of March. I furnish you

22

a letter of Credit annexed for $4000 which hope you will not have occasion to use at least but a small part of it – we are anticapating some trouble in the money market – hoping soon to hear from you again in the mean time I remain your assured friend

            I hereby agree to accept & pay at maturity any Bill or Bills drawn on me & passed through your Institution by Whitridge & Co previous to May 1st 1838 to the amot of $4000 & payable on time in New York, Boston or New Bedford

 

To the President Directors

of the [Blank] Bank New Orleans

                                                            2 mo 2d 1838

To Josiah Bradlee & Co

                                    Annexed I hand you a Check on Suffolk Bank for $382.79 which Balances my a/c with you excepting the last Bill of Duck & I likewise hand you annexed my 2 Notes for the Amot of your Bill of Duck including $14.40 for 2 months interest on $1440 one half of the Amot which hope you will find correct – I have recd your favours of the 29th  & 31st Ultimo & note their contents – I went so far with my Taunton friends respecting Copper when I returned from Boston the other day that I must purchase what I want at present of them –

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co                  2 mo 2 1838

 

                                    I have concluded to accept your terms for the Copper for the two Ships which I have now on hand agreeable to the conversation had with you last evening – I will send you the sizes & quantity soon –

I am &

 

To Capt Alexander Bunker                   2 mo 9 1838

            Nantucket

                                    Thy letter with the [?aither] was recd per the Packet & Mail – Annex’d I hand thee a Check for $109.14 which is the Balance due thee after deducting 7 yds Duck a ¢50 per yard –

I am &

23

                                                            2 mo 9th 1838

To Barrows & Prior

                                    Your favour of the 6th Ultimo with A/C annexed I have duly recd – the A/C appears correct & the Balance due me of $3828.05 is to your Debit in New A/C. the outstanding claims for sales made some little time since I hope will have your attention – Your favour of the 5th inst has been duly recd & feel obliged to you for your attention to the Coloured Man – I have to advise you of having Drawn on you this day in favour of my Son Augustus one draft at 30 days Sight for $1500 – One dito at 5 days sight for $1000 & one other for $500 at 5 days sight - I send them to him at Scipio & it may be some time before they will make their appearance and when they do please honour them & place them to my A/C –

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       2 mo 20 1838

 

                                    Annexed I hand you a Check for $1978.35 on the Suffolk Bank for the purpose of paying you my Note for $1218.20 & a Note which I gave Bates & Co for $760.15 – will you have the goodness to pay & return them to me & much oblige

Your friend &

 

                                                            3 mo 2d 1838 –

J. Bridge & Co

 

                                    your favours of the 30th of Jany 27th of March 19th of June & 6 of July 1837 with you a/sales & a/Current enclosed has been duly received and as strange as it may seem ↑appear↓ to you thy memo have been examined until this day by me, my reasons  for this is the suspended state of payment for your Drfts on T. B. Vose which is not as yet settled – I wish exceedling to have this buisness brought to a close – and as Exchange is at the present time in favor of New Orleans (I have had within a few Days a Drft on me drawn at New Orleans which was sold at [?] CentsDiscount at 60 Days) – I think reasons for further delay do not now exist as has been, therefore I hope

24

a further delay will not be found necessary – I find by your accts there is a balance in your hands due me which should have been remitted – I have lately had a vessel inNew Orleans & should have been very glad to have availed of it – the Capt has been obliged to draw on me for the purpose of raising funds, it appears you have Credited my acct with the whole sales of 473 Boxes Candles sold by B. Vose & Co – instead one half that amot – this you will please regulate & state the acc as it should be & forward me the same & if you can make me the remittance without loss, I wish you to do it – if Whitridge & Co of New Orleans should be in advance for my acc for the Bark Hope, I should be glad for you to pay it over to them for my acct – hoping soon to hear from you – I remain your assured friend –

 

B. Vose & Co have chd me in their a/c with the expenses of Candles which was not sold, as well as postage their charges must be taken into Acct in stating your a/c in wrong crediting me the whole amot of Sales 473 Boxes Candles –

George Howland

by Charles W. Howland

 

                                                3 mo 5th 1838

To Crocker Brothers & Co

                                    Your favour of the 2d inst has been duly recd & annexed I hand you my 2 Notes for the Amot of your Bill of Copper.  I have anticipated one Note 15 days & defered the other for the same time, which if not agreeable please return –you will please send me 2 bills for the Copper the first Note is for the Copper for the ship Cortes – the other is for the ship George Howland’s copper I should like to have the bills made in the Ships name –

25

 

                                                            3 mo 5 1838

Shober & Bunting

                                    your esteemed favour of the 1st Inst I have duly recd & note its contents – I advised you under date of the 24th Ultimo that I had that day drawn on you for 2000 Dollars at 4 months – I found I did not need to use the Draft that day & I have this day drawn two Drfts for $1000 each in its stead at 4 Months in favr of J. Ricketson which you will please honor & place to my a/d

yours &

Please say when you are writing me, what is the expectation of your Banks resuming specie payments in full not in part –

 

                                                4 mo 22, 1838

Capt Edward Gardner

                                    The Ship Cortes is now ready to proceed to Sea under thy Command on her intended Whale voyage to the Pacific Ocean. the object of which is a cargo of Clean white Sperm Oil – This may be effected by a close attention and untiring perseverance on the part of thyself and officers, but on thy own exertions more particularly does the success of the voyage depend – I am fully convinced that a cargo of sperm Oil may yet be procured in the Pacific Ocean within a reasonable time with reasonable exertions – I think from thy own experiences thee is fully aware of the importance of harmony being maintained between the Officers & also between the Officers & Crew – good treatment toward the Crew will almost invariably produce good treatment from them toward the Officers. I think with a little attention this may be effected to the satisfaction of all as well as being of material benefit to the voyage in other respects. I wish thee to have especial care of the ship and all

26

belonging to her see that nothing is wasted, or improperly used Keep the Mast heads salted, the chain cables & other chains about the Ship free from rust. Keep fresh water out of the ship as much as is possible, and by all means keep the in side of the ship clean & in fact have in general a supervisory care over all the several parts of the ship & appurtenances – I shall not confine thy cruising ground. I have a good opinion of the Coast of Chile & Peru the off shore ground, Japan etc but thee must exercise thy best judgement in making the choice of cruising – write me occasionally – I make no insurance of any consequence – should thee obtain any oil this side of the Islands & has an opportunity of shipping it home, thee can do it as heretofore directed – Thy Drafts for necessary supplies for the ship will be accepted by me – I wish thee to offer a bounty to the Crew for seeing whales, the man that sees the most Whales shall have fifty Dollars bounty, and the one that sees the next most shall have forty Dollars, and the next one 30 Dollars, the next $20, the next $10 – Wishing thee a pleasant voyage and safe return to thy family and friends

I am &

I shall expect that the Deck of the Cortes during the voyage will be in charge of a responsible officer and not to be trusted at no time with a Boatsteerer, there is too much value in such a ship as the Cortes to be so entrusted –

27

 

                                                4 mo 22 1838

 

Capt Seth Weeks

                                    The George Howland is now about ready to proceed on her intended Whale voyage to the Pacific Ocean thyself master. I recommend thy entering upon this voyage with a full determination of prosecuting it to a  favorable termination always bearing in mind that nothing is obtained or a man cannot distinguish himself in any buisness or enterprise without great exertions of both body & mind, these must be brought into active exertion and when they are, a reward of success will be the consequence. therefore I do earnestly recommend this exertion to thy deep consideration. I trust nothing will be wanting on thy part in procuring a good Cargo of clean sperm  Oil for the George Howland.  I wish to recommend to thee the importance of harmony being maintained between the officers & also between the Officers & Crew, good treatment towards the Crew will almost invariably produce good treatment from them towards the Officers.  I think with a little attention this may be effected to the satisfaction of all as well as being of material benefit to the voyage in other respects – Thee will please take a good care of the ship and all that belongs to her, run no hazard with the ship, take every possible care of her.  I make little or no insurance, keep the fresh water out of her as much as possible.  Keep the Chain Cables and other Chains about her from rusting as much as may be.  Keep salt at the mast heads.  Keep the Ship Clean – and in fact have a general supervisory care over all the several parts of the ship and appurtenances. I shall not confine thee to any particular cruising

28

grounds, but  I must leave thee to exercise thy best Judgement in the case.  I have a good opinion of the Coast of Chile, Peru Off shore Ground Japan etc. run no hazard with the natives, I expect one of the Officers always to have charge of the Deck during the night as well as the day time, the watch should never be trusted to a boatsteerer, there is too much property in such a ship as the George Howland to be entrusted to inexperience men, should thee have an occasion to draw on me for supplies for the Ship they Drafts will be paid – Should thee obtain any Oil this side of the Islands, and has an opportunity of shipping it home it may be consigned to my friends Josiah Bradlee & Co Boston, Hussey and Mackay New York, Shober Bunting & Co Philadelphia, or Thomas Whitridge Baltimore – Thee will write me occasionally during the voyage – I wish thee to offer a bounty to the Crew for seeing Whales. To the man who shall see the most Whales $50, the one who shall see the next $40 the next $30 the next $20 the next $10 - & to every man that shall behave himself so as to have the particular approbation of the Capt & Officers, I will reward $10 extra – wishing thee a pleasant voyage and safe return to thy family and friends

I remain –

 

                                    5 mo 4th 1838

 

To James Hunnewell

 

                        Thy letter of the 30th Ultimo was recd during my absence – Annexed I hand thee a Check on Suffolk Bank for $52 50/100 the amot of Capt Alexander Bunker’s draft -

29

 

                                                New Bedford 5 mo 3 1838

 

Aaron Mitchell

            Respected Friend

                                    Timothy G. Coffin has not returned from Taunton, I think he will be here to day, he will probably be at Nantucket the fore part of next week, to carry into effect the advance of $10,000 – I shall furnish Drfts on New York for the amount at 90 Days

Thy assured friend

 

                                                            5 mo 4th 1838

 

To S. E. Sewall

 

                        Thy favour of the 24th Ultimo came to hand during my absence & note its contents – I requested Capt Gardner to give me a statement of the case in writing when I left home which was at the time I wrote thee last – on my return I recd the following -  The Mate of the Ship is here & says he recorded the Man in the Log Book as a deserter & that he is ready to testify to the fact neither the Master or Mate have any interest in the voyage further than their own share of the voyage – I expect to leave home in a day or two shall be absent about 2 weeks, when I shall be ready to give any further attention to the subject that its merits may require. I have not the least idea that Capt Gardner ^would^ expose any man’s life in taking him to Sea when it was improper, that is not his character – he is a man that stands very high with those who sail with him – It is stipulated in our shipping papers, that if a Man absent himself from the Ship at any time without liberty their shares shall be forfited

30                                                       

                                                                        5mo  3d 1838

H H Meier & Co

 

                        your esteemed favour of the 17th Jany 15th March have been ↑duly↓ received & note their contents – The former covering a Drft on C M & Co New York for $15.20 which has been collected – Buisness has been very dull with us for the last year – I have sold the Bark Hope & do not expect in future to be a shipper of Oil & as I have a wish to reduce my buisness rather to increase it – It will always be pleasant occasionally to hear from you & believe me yours –

assured friend

 

                                                            5 mo 11th 1838

Hussey & Mackay

 

                        Above you have John A. Parker & Sons’ draft for $5000 at ten days from date – which when paid you will please place to the credit of George Howland-

& oblige your

George Howland, Jr.

 

                                                5 mo 12,th 1838

 

F. & E Delius

                        Above I hand you an Invoice of 80 Casks Whale Oil shipped by Bark Hope. Capt Gardner, which you will please receive and dispose of to best possible advantage for account of the shippers, and advise when accomplished – also inform if it is ↑will be↓ convenient for you to place the nett proceeds of the above oil to the credit of the shippers with your friends in New York

yours George Howland, Jr.

by Charles W. Howland

31

 

                                                            5 mo 26 1838

John R. Williams

                                    I returned home yesterday from Scipio I have been absent for most of the time for the last 5 weeks – Thy letters of the 6th & 30 Ultimo have been duly recd & note their contents – Thee can draw on me for the Amot of my taxes on Land in Michigan – I am not prepared to answer thee in thy other inquiries any different than I did verbally when thee was here –

 

                                                            5 mo 28 1838

 

Shober & Bunting

                                    I have just returned from the westward and find in receipt your favours of the 12th & 16th inst the former covering sales of Oil & your a/c all of which appears correct and my a/c’s are made to conform, leaving a balance in my favour of $477.70. I intend shipping you some very handsome whitened Oil per the William Brown she will sail in all this week – I have no ship to sail soon. I have a small Old Ship that will probably be ready for sea in the course of 2 or 3 months when I could take the young man as a hand in her which you mention – when ever you can remit the amot of the check sent you for $5000 in a Draft on Boston on terms that would not be over 1 per cent loss to the Bank you will please do it – I send you Thomas W. Morgan’s a/c with me on which he has charged me with many losses on Sales of Oil which is the first intimation I have had of [?thein] as likewise my a/c with him – I wish you to have the a/c adjusted with him – You have my power to act for me in all cases whatever. I write him on the subject which is enclosed for your inspection –

 

                                                            5 mo 28th 1838

Thomas W. Morgan

 

                        Thy favour of the 30th Ultimo with thy a/c enclosed has been duly recd in my absence from home and fully note their contents and as the a/c differs so materially from mine I have them to my friends Shober Bunting & Co for adjustment they having my power of attorney to act in my stead in all cases whatever which thee will please adjust with them accordingly and much oblige thy friend –

32

                                                            6 mo 2 1838

To Thomas Russell, Esq

                        On my return home last evening I found thy favr of the 29th Ult which had been duly recd & note its contents. I should be willing to purchase the Interest which the Washington Iron Co have in the Weweantit Iron Works if they can be put at a price that will warrant in my opinion of doing it – the Mill is about $2000 – in Debt & their has been in addition repairs to the Amot of about $4000 in consequence of the fire which destroyed the Nail Factory –

I am &

 

                                                6 mo 18th  1838

 

Crocker Brothers & Co

                                                Your favour of the 12th Inst with Bill Copper has been duly recd in my absence – I now hand you annexed my Note at 6 months for $1731/76 the amo of your bill – the Copper was delivered on the 11th Inst.

yours –

 

                                                7 mo 16th 1838

To Josiah Bradlee & Co

 

                                    Your favour of the 14th inst I have duly recd – I shall be obliged by your sending me by first conveyance 32 pieces of Duck agreeable to memorandum annexed –

Yours &

14 pieces D Brusgens

  9  ditto   [?]

  4  ditto  No 8 Imperial

  5  ditto   Light Ravens

 

                                    New Bedford 7 mo 21st 1838

To J Bridge & Co

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice of 100 Boxes Sperm candles shipped to New York there to be reshipped for New Orleans, you will please receive & dispose of them to best advantage & remit me the amot together with the Balance in your hands now due me & much oblige

Your assured friend

33

                                                7 mo 21st 1838

To Thomas Whitridge & Co

                                                Your several esteemed favours have been duly received & note their contents – I now hand you annexed Invoice of 200 Boxes Candles which you will please receive when they arrive at New Orleans & dispose of them to best advantage & remit me to proceeds together with the Balance now in your hands due me & greatly oblige your assured friend

 

I hope H Blood will go out of the City before it gets to be sickly much depends upon every possible care being taken to avoid sickness –

 

                                                7 mo 27th 1838

To Barrows & Prior

                                    Annexed I hand you a Check on the L. M. Bank for Twenty five hundred Dollars which you will please place to my Credit this is all the Bank can Check for at present please say how my acct will stand with you and oblige

Your assured friend

I now have Oil & Candles for market

 

                                                7 mo 31st 1838

To Shober Bunting & Co

                                                Annexed I hand you Invoice of 23 casks Taut Pressed Oil (Whitened ) which you will please receive & dispose of to the Best advantage for, the Oil will be found good – I shall want to value on you occasionally at 4 months –

Your assured friend

 

                                                9 mo 12 1838

To J Bridge & Co

                                    Your favour of June 27th and Aug 8th & 16th have been duly received with your A/Current annexed, which are balanced by paying Whitridge & Co $638.45 – which is correct & my Books are made in conformity – I have sent you two lots of Candles 300 Boxes & hope to have soon a good account from them such as a ready sale & at good prices –

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                                                            9 mo 19th 1838

Thomas Whitridge

            Respected Friends

                                                I have put on board the Sloop Maria Capt Ricketson 12 Casks Bleached & 12 Casks unbleached Winter Oil of excellent quality which I  must have expect to be sold for good prices – Crude Sperm Oil has advanced with us materially, the price now demanded is 90 Cents & is expected by many to go to 95 Cents – there will be a scarcity of the article – I hope thee will be able to realize good prices for this shipment – I have been importuned very much to ship to Samuel Poultney saying he would be able to procure better prices & make less charges

Thy assured friend

 

                                                9 mo 20th 1838

To Hussey & Mackay

 

                        Annexed I send you a Check on the L M Bank for One thousand dollars which please place to my a/c – I yesterday drew a draft on you in favour of Augustus Howland for $5000 at 5 days sight, I do not expect it will be presented for acceptance untill about the first of the month – I expect the agent for F & E Delius of Bremen will place about $4000 in your hands for my a/c a Balance due me from them – Your kind attention will much oblige your assured friend –

 

                                                9 mo 20th 1838

To Barrows & Prior

                                    In a few days since I sent my Son a draft on you for $1000 at 5 days sight which has probably been or will be presented about this time which you will please honour and place to my a/c – I now hand you annexed $1000 which please place to my a/c – your favour of the 11 inst has been duly recd & note its contents – I have had the Bleached fall Oil sold in Salem for sometime at 95¢ - your sale has been pretty fair but I shall send you some more with an expectation of realizing more from it -

35

                                                            9 mo 22d 1838

To Shober Bunting & Co

                                                Annexed I hand you an Invoice of Oil per Schooner William Brown which vessel is now loading & will probably sail the fore part of next week – You esteemed favours of the 6th, 15th, & 18th Inst with a/c Sales of Oil have been duly recd – there was quite a mistake in the Sale of the Bleached fall Oil, it had been selling in Salem for sometime at 95¢ & I had sold it here at 90¢ free from any charge whatever – I hope you will be able to do much better with the present Lot – you may calculate that the markets will be kept very bare this fall, for Sperm Oil of all descriptions & prices must improve – I have not more than 200 Bbls more of all descriptions now on hand for sale – I expect to be in Philadelphia by the middle of next week when I shall have the pleasure of seeing ^you^ personally –

 

                                                            9 mo 22d 1838

To Barrows & Prior

                                    Your favour of the 19th inst I have duly recd with A/Sales of Fall Oil annexed, which is correct except I was expecting a little better price – I have sold that Oil readily here at 90¢ 4 mos free from any expense & I have had a considerable sold at Salem at 95¢ - I have but very little more Oil to send to market, not more than 200 Bbls of all kinds – I hope you will be able to get good prices for the present lot – you may calculate on Oil being scarce in the market this fall –

 

                                                            10 mo 6 1838

J M Stanton

                        I have this day recd thy favr of the 3d Inst & note its contents – I did expect to have recd immediately on sending the bill of Oil & Candles a Check on New York Providence or Boston for the Amot – but after a very long delay I recd a Dft on New York at 1 Day on your own House which will not or cannot reach New York in time to become due until the 12th or 13 Inst which is 30 Days after the purchase, for which time on $2468.83 I must expect the Interest added & the Check on the Stonington Bank for 785.29 I believe will not be Cash’d at the Suffolk Bank short of ¼ pCt should that be the fact I shall expect the Amot made up to me – the Credit of my Oil & Candles was 4 Mo – I agreed to deduct 2 ½ pCt for Cash – I would respectfully ask if this has been

36

a Cash payment in the way that it was expected – the Oil & Candles are still here – I expect this payment to be made satisfactory –

I am &

 

                                                            10 mo 8, 1838

 

To Taunton Iron & Co

                                    Your favr of the 26th Ulto was duly recd in my absence. I can send you the 200 Gls Winter Oil but I have no fall Oil except whitened which is 5 Cents on a gallon more – I can send you 200 Gls Winter Oil at ¢95 & 300 Gls whitened Spring Oil at ¢93 – I am now selling Winter Oil at $1 & whitened Spring Oil at 95 Cents – I have some considerable Hoops on hand but would be willing to let you have more Oil for Hoops at the market price –

I am &

 

                                                            10 mo 9th 1838

To Wood Kimball & Co

                                                Your favour of 25th Ultimo was recd during my absence.  I here with send you terms of Oil which you desired me to. they are for Bleached fall Oil I have none unbleached 95¢ for Winter $1 - Bleached Winter 105¢ 6 mos credit –

Respectfully &

 

                                                            10 mo 10th 1838 –

To Barrows & Prior

                                    Annex’d I hand you Invoice of 6 Casks Bleached Winter & 7 casks ditto fall Oil which I think should bring very near or quite the Invoice prices. Your favour of 9 inst has just come to hand including A/Sales of 22 casks Oil think that the prices that the Oil was Invoiced at ought to have been obtained for we have sold Bleached fall here a 95¢ & Bleached Winter a 105¢ Hope you will be able to obtain the very highest prices for this as it is about all I have send into market –

 

                                                            10 mo 12th 1838

To J. Bridge & Co

                                    Your favours of the 15th & 17th Ultimo has been duly recd with A/Sales of 100 Boxes Candles & draft on Holford, Brancker & Co New York for $1000 – all of which is correct

37

and have been entered accordingly on my Books – You will not be in haste to sell Candles for they will be higher. the market will not be fully supplied this fall.  I have not now a Candle more –

 

                                                            10 mo 12th 1838

To Whitridge & Co

                                    Annex’d I hand you Invoice of 300 Boxes Sperm Candles per Schooner David Coffin which vessel sails in a few days – I expect Candles will advance with you as they have here & the article is becoming scarce, you will not be in a hurry to sell hold on for good prices - Your several esteemed favours of July 9th & 28th Aug 4th & 16th with their enclosures have been duly recd & you A/C has credit for the $3500 & Prem on the Same. I trust you will be able to give a good acct of the Candles I have shipped you.  I shall not be able to send you any more this year as I have now shipped & sold all my Stock I have no more made at present – wishing you health & success I remain your assured friend  

 

PS I have have your favour of Sept 25th with Check for $1500 which is to your credit with the Prem $52.50 – I have likewise a letter of same date from your H Blood for which & for the kind expressions of good will & feelings please accept my warmest good wishes for thy every blessings of both Spiritual & temporal & remain.  I setled thy Note as requested & gave the Old Note & statement to Wm C W –

 

                                                            10 mo 16th 1838

To A H. Boyd

                        I have put on board the schooner Frances Capt Shearman the above Cask of Oil (which is the first oppurtunity since the receipt of thy letter) the vessel will be at the India Wharf Boston & if the Cask of Oil is not called for before the vessel leaves it will be left in the care of Josiah Bradlee & Co – the vessel will leave this day for Boston.  it would be well to call for the Oil soon as it will not only save the Captain some trouble, but thee some expense –

38

                                                            10 mo 19th 1838

To James Mitchell

                                    Thy favour of 29th Ultimo I have duly received & note its contents, as likewise the Schedule and Certificate which is annex’d – in reply I can only say circumstanced as I am, I do not feel myself at liberty to take any part or say any thing on the subject –

Thy assured friend &

 

                                                            10 mo 19th 1838

To Samuel Mitchell & Sons

                                                Your favour of the 15th Ultimo with Schedule of your Property & Certificate annex’d has been duly recd and note its contents – I have been absent much of the time for the last two months or I should have sooner replied to your letter – I should approve your making an assignment of all your property into the hands of suitable Assigners & whatever may be the result, I should be willing to abide it –

Your assured friend &

 

                                                            10 mo 31st 1838

 

To Whitridge & Co

                                    Your favour of the 5th inst with A/Sales of 200 Boxes Candles annexed has been duly recd – the amot of the Sales of Candles $2174.21 to your debit in A/C. I trust you will hold the remainder of the Candles when they arrive at a higher price – they have advanced here to 35¢ and must go higher – I have no further stock of Oil or Candles to send to market at present – the detention of the Canton may prove an advantage to us & the prices must be improving –

Your assured friend

39

 

                                                            10 mo 31st 1838

J. M.[?W.] Stanton

                                    Thy letter of the 15th Inst I have recd & fully note its contents – I am not a little surprised at many of the remarks which thou hast indulged thyself in making – I sold thee a quantity of Oil & Candles to be paid in Cash by a deduction of 2 ½ pC from the amot of the Bill – what could have been the inducement of this discount & what was to be the inferences respecting the payment. was it then to be left at thy convenience to make payment some 30 or even 60 days hence. No, no such thing could be expected by either of us, from any Mercan tile transaction, it was to be cash & it was for thee to fullfil it as soon as thee could return to Stonington & immediately send the Money or its equivalents – I expected it I had appropriated the Amot to certain payments for my son to execute in my absence from home. the contract warranted my receiving the Money in the course of a few days, but the mony did not come & other provisions were to be made to meet my engagements – Thy quotations for my letter of “the Oil & C[?candles] are still here” & what follows in the latter part of thy letter is not of that Gentlemanly stamp I should have expected, I need only say in reply to it the articles were shipped some time before the receipt of thy letter or the date of it & as soon as the vessel was ready to take it – I shipped by the same vessel on my own a/c  the Suffolk Bank has charged 1 pCt on the amot of the check on the Stonington Bank which thee sent me in payment for $785.29 which amot thee will please remit me, say $7.85 –

Thy assured friend

 

C.W. H.[?Charles Wing Howland]

            to Chs Robinson Treas 11 mo 15th 1838

                                                Above is Bill of Winter Oil sent per sloop Black Hawk which hope will prove correct & satisfactory. Please send me your a/c & oblige

40

                                    New Bedford 11 mo 17, 1838

Shober Bunting & Co

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 7 & 15th Inst have been duly recd with the latter was annexed a/sales of 46 Casks fall & Winter Oil the amot of Net Proceeds $6125.18 is to your debit in acct & is correct – the bill of Carpeting I requested might be paid when I was in Philadelphia – the bill was directed to be sent to your Counting Room with the Carpeting. please pay the bill & place the amo to my acct – I should like it if I have more Oil to send you. I shall not have any until I have a ship in – I am expecting the Corinthian & Java -         

Your assured friend

 

                                                11 mo 23rd 1838

To Samuel Mitchell

                                    Thy letter of the 6th Inst I have duly recd and note its contents – I may say in reply that I might possibly be induced to make the advance wanted provide I could have undoubted securety for the Amot adanced and for the Amot which you owe me in addition – when is the Ontario expected, & when was the last Acct from her, & what had she then – it is not convenient for me to make any advance at this time having so large an Amot lost & detained at Nantucket has interfered in the arrangement of my buisness very much

 

To Thomas P Cope                  12 mo 4 1838

      Isaac Collins

      John [?Farnum]

      Bartholomew  [?Wistan]

                                                Your esteemed favr of the 6th

                                                ulto was recd on the 30th & note  its contents – I hasten to comply with your wishes, prompted by a call from so respectable a committee, as well as a sincere desire to encourage & promote so interesting an object which your have in view – Annexed I hand you my Drft on Shober Bunting & Co for $250 – I will return the Subscription Book by some private conveyance –

I am &

41

                                                12 mo 20, 1838

Capt William Handy

                                    Thy letter of the 13th Inst was duly recd, thee may cut & deliver me 70 Cords of Pine Wood from my lot a $3.75 per Cord – I will sell the 100 cords of Pine Wood at $1.75 per Cord agreeable to thy offer altho it is ¢25 less than what I should like to have for it –

 

                                                12 mo 20, 1838

George Alden

                        Thy note for $107.60 will be due the 10th of next month – I shall send it to the Suffolk Bank Boston for collection – Thee will please call at that Bank & pay it when due & ↑much↓ oblige

Thy assured friend

 

J. B. Tobey                              12 mo 31, 1838

                        I Intended to have been in Wareham before this time, when I was there last – I shall probably be at the Mills in the course of this week – I wish thee not to commence on any other lot of Iron but the 500 Tons of Thompsons – I shall wish to come into the Mill before the New York lot are commenced – the expences on the Iron can be kept separately & be accounted for in our settlement – hereafter I wish thee to have all thy buisness with Nills arrainged accordingly – I have done nothing as yet with the Rodmans – Thy assured friend-

 

To Whitridge & Co                  1 mo 5 1839

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 29th Oct & 19th Novr have been duly recd & note their contents – I hope the Canton has arrive ere this in New Orleans – I should like for you to ship me one to two hundred Barrells of Corn fed Prime Pork a good article if such can be had procured & at fair prices – you can remit me when it can be done on fair terms – I should prefer Drafts on New York Boston or this place – I have no arrivals as yet consequently I have no Oil or Candles to send to market –

I am &

42

                                                1 mo 5th 1839

To Benjamin Russell

                                    Thy letter of 1 mo 22d 1838 with A/C arrived has been duly received & its contents noted. I hope thou hast been able ere this to close up the unsettled concerns in that Acct – they have better be closed on some terms, rather than to be so long unsettled – I very much dislike to have unsettled matters hanging along so – I would again call thy attention to the subject of the fall Oil sold thee over 3 years since & see if thee has nothing to do respecting it, this Oil was sold thee after thy failure with a full expectation it would have been attended to agreeable to contract & I beleive it is over two years since thee has said a word on the subject voluntarily – I am now endeavouring to settle all of my concerns & I should be glad to include thy Acc in the number settled –

Thy assured friend

 

To Barrows & Prior                             1 mo 8th 1839

                                    Enclosed I hand you Joshua B. Tobey’s 2 drafts on Caswell & Murdocks for $1250 each which I shall be obliged by your collecting and placing to my credit in Acct – I have this day drawn on you in favour of Augustus Howland at 5 days sight for two 2 drafts for $1100 & $900 – which you will please honour & place to my a/c – perhaps Caswell & Murdock will average the time of the Drafts & pay them both the same time of the average due –

Your assured friend

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          1 mo 8 1839

 

                        I have this day drawn on you in favr of Augustus Howland at 5 Days sight for $1000, which you will please honour & place to my acct – it is not probable that the Drft will reach you before the latter part of the month –

I am &

 

To Barrows & Prior                             1 mo 11 1839

                                    Your favr of the 8th Inst with you A/C annex’d was duly recd & is correct & my Books stand in conformity. Balance due me of $8779.97 –

I am &

43

 

To Thomas Whitridge                           1 mo 12 1839

                                    Thy favr of the 8th Inst with A/Sales of Winter Oil per the Maria annex’d has been duly recd – the Net Proceeds of which $3505/62 is placed to thy debit in Oil – which is satisfactory – please forward my A/C – I have no Oil or Candles in hand at present –

I am &

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          2 mo 15 1839

                                    Your favr of 1 mo 24 with A/C inclosed has been duly recd – the A/C appears correct & my Books are made to stand in conformity – Balance due me to New Acct $2912.95 – please inform me when you are writing me what Amot of Drfts you have paid of mine in favr of Augustus Howland & oblige

I am &

 

                                                            2 mo 26th 1839

To Crocker Brothers & Co

                                                Your favour of the 25th inst is duly recd. I will take the suit of Copper for the Corinthian at your terms, altho’ it is a little more than I expected to give – your conditions are understood – Bradlee had not an assortment of Cooper just at this time –

Yours Assured friend

 

To Charles Robinson [?Treas]                          2 mo 27 1839

 

                                    Thy favr of the 20th Inst has been duly recd with the 1 ½  Tons Hoops – I expected that Hoops would have been charged at $120 agreeable to your letter of Sept 26 1838 – I did purchase Hoops last year at $120 – 6 Mo & take them as I wanted & I presume I could have purchased all that I used at that price – I finished the Oil you had at the press I sold to others on 4 Mo deliverable here – the balance of my Acct stands $288.66 the difference of which from your acct, can be adjusted by  [? aproscumal] intervices – I now have a Cargo of Oil in, & shall soon have Oil that will be good & then if you should want I can supply you for Hoops if I can have them on terms that they can be procured from other persons at –

I am &

44

                                                                        3 mo 5,1839

Shober & Bunting & Co

                                    We have the Corinthian in with a fine cargo of Sperm Oil which will enable me to make you some shipments of that article in a great while – I shall be much obliged by your procuring & sending me by first suitable opportunity after they are ready – 1200 feet in length of white Oak Wale pieces 4 Inches thick 7 to 8 Inches wide – 1 Thousand feet of 3 Inch White Oak plank – 1 Ditto of 2 ½ Inch & 1 Ditto of 2 Inch Do – I mean the face of the Plank to be measured to make the above quantity – on 7 ½ Thousand feet of Plank calculated an Inch thick – I had sold the taut pressed Oil before I recd Charles’ letter, which he had mentioned to you –

your assured friend –

 

To Godfrey Laurie & Small                               4 mo 10 1839

                                                Your esteemed favr of the 22nd Decr 1838 & March 12th has been duly recd – the latter covering Sales of 200 Boxes Candles – the Sales are satisfactory – you will please remit me in a Drft on Philadelphia New York or Boston for the Amot of the Net Proceeds of the Candles when ascertained – I have no Candles at present but shall have in the latter part of this season –

I am &

 

                                                                        4  mo 10, 1839

To J. Bridge & Co

                                    your esteemed fav of the 1st Inst has been duly recd & note its contents – with a Drft on Thomas B. Vose for $2000 – your acct has Credit for the same, at 3 pCt discount is $1940 – I have no Oil or Candles ready for market shall have in course of the season

your assured friend

 

Whitridge & Co                                    4 mo 14, 1839

 

                                    your esteemed fav of the 27th ultimo I have recd this evening with two Certificates of Deposit on Girard Bank for one thousand Dollars each, making two thousand – ½ pCt Discount is $10 – you acct has credit for $1990 – you have omitted to sign the

45

endorsement on one of the Certificates. I shall send them by the next mail for payment – should they refuse to pay the one which you have omitted to endorse I shall direct them it forwarded to you from Philadelphia you will please not to send me any Pork as it will not now be in time for me – I shall purchase here – I shall have Oil & Candles for the Market the latter part of the season –

 

                                                            4 mo 14, 1839

Shober Bunting & Co

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 8th Inst is recd this evening – Oil & Candles I shall have soon ↑in readiness↓ ready for market – there is no strained Oil or Candles here of any consequence – I should be glad to receive the Plank & as soon as I can – please inform me what good white Oak knees can be procured for suitable for a ship of 350 Tons for her Decks say 5 ¼ to 7 inches – I have the Ship Golcoonda to repair with two new Decks & frames & other repairs – Enclosed I hand you two Certificates of Deposits on the Girard Bank for $1000 each – I shall be much obliged by your collecting them for me & remit the Amo in a Check or Drft on New York or Boston if it can be done without a loss – If not please deposit it to the Credit of the Bedford Commercial Bank in the United States Bank your City & send me a Certificate of the same – Whitridge & Co have omitted to endorse one of the Certificates but as they are both together & their having endorsed one of them & had prepared the other to sign together with your & my signatures on them, will I hope induce the Cashier to pay them both.  If they should not please enclose it to Whitridge & Company of New Orleans for their signature

 

To Elijah Winslow                                4 mo 15 1839

 

                                    Thy letter of the 8th Inst I have duly recd notice its contents, which I have considered & now send thee annex’d a Check on the Suffolk Bank Boston for $250, the Amot ask’d for – for which thee will please send me thy Note for the same Amot. I presume it is thy intention to reduce this Amot every year until it is paid – I am doing a very heavy business & on all my own

46

means in it – I have no money to lose, but I could not deny thee thy request under the circumstances in which thou art placed from causes out of thy control – with feelings respect & esteem for thee & thy family, I remain thy friend George Howland

 

To Barrows & Prior                             4 mo 15 1839

                                    I have this day drawn on you in favr of Augustus Howland at 5 Days for three Drfts $1250 – $1000 & $750 – which I send to Scipio for him to use in my business there – they will be presented singly and at some little time hence – which you will please honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To Robert A Barnard                           4 mo 16 1839

            Hudson

                                    Enclosed I hand thee Charles [?R] Drft on thee for #32.50 – for which please send me a Check on New York & oblige thy friend –

George Howland

 

                                                            4 mo 22, 1839

 

Prince Gardner

                                    I should like to receive from thee 600 Bbls or less of sperm Oil [?Pipes] of good quality & 400 Bbls or less of sperm Oil 16 Hhds of 38 Inches to less sizes good casks, all to be well hooped.  I should like to be receiving them as soon as thee can send –

 

                                                            5 mo 25th 1839

To Godfrey, Laurie & Small

                                                Your esteemed favours of the 8th inst have both been received & note their contents – the draft on Hogan & [?Miln] for $2436.55 has been accepted and placed to your credit, which is satisfactory.  I shall in the course of 2 months have Oil & Candles for market, when I hope prices at New Orleans may encourage shipments –

Your assured friend

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          5 mo 29 1839

                                    Annex’d I hand you a Check for $500 likewise I enclose a Check on the Bank of America for $4500 making $5000 which sum please place to

47

my Credit.  I also enclose a Drft on Hogan & [Miln] for $2456.55 at 60 Days from the 20th Inst when at maturity please place to my Credit also –

I am &

 

To Whitridge & Co                              6 mo 10 1839

 

                                    your favr of the 18 & 20 Ulto were duly recd & the Drft on Boston for 2500 Dollars at 30 Days will appear to your Ct in course – there appears to be another error in Sales of the Bleached whitened Oil which you can notice – you aught to claim from the Capt of the Vessell which took the Oil for the leakage in the two Casks which was so much out – there were either not [?] or was not stow’d properly or neglected in some other way –

I am &

 

Joshua B Tobey                                    6 mo 14 1839

                        Should thee go to Boston or New York & purchase any Iron for the Weweantit Iron Nail Mill I will be responsible for the Amot – thee can refer to Josiah Bradlee & Co of Boston & Grinnell Minturn & Co & Hussey & Mackay of New York for my standing & ability to meet such engagements as thee may make –

I am

 

Charles Robinson [?]                6 mo 16 1839

 

                        If you will send me 2 Ton [?]  4 [?P] & 2 Ton [?] 5d Hoops & deduct the balance due me from the Amot & then for the balance deduct 8pCt I will send you a Check for the Amot whenever they are delivered – I shall not want to use them for some time & would of course lay on hand excepting we may in this time use 1 Ton of them

 

To Charles Robinson [?]                       7 mo 1 1839

 

            Thy favr of the 15th Inst with Bill Hoops annex’d I duly recd – the Hoops was recd on 7th Day evening (the 29th Inst) per the Sloop B Hawk – I now enclose a Check for $765.16 Balance due you – I will not send you a Check on Providence or Boston at this time –

I am &

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co      7 mo 15 1839

                                    Your favr of the 6th Inst was duly recd annex’d I hand you my Note for the Amot of your bill Copper $1172.25 for which please send me you bill Receipted –

I am &

48

                                                8 mo 30th 1839

To Shober Bunting & Co

                                                I have just returned after an absence or more than a month which puts me in possession of your favours of July 29th & August 26th – the former covering your A/C of 7 mo 1, 1839 making a Balance due me of $9081.30 which is in conformity to my Books – I shall soon be ready to send Oil & Candles to Market if I should not sell what I have on hand (which is small) here –

 

                                                8 mo 30th 1839

To Nathan Winslow & Co

                                                Your favour of the 27th Inst is duly recd & note its contents – I should now sell Oil a 110¢ for strained & 120¢ for Winter of first quality in Hhds & some less casks – I have no Bleached Oil at present

Yours &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       9 mo 2 1839

                                    Annexed I hand you a Check on the Suffold Bank for $1800 which please place to my Ct – I am in want of some Duck for the Golconda as per Memorandum at foot, please say what you will furnish it for & oblige &

            Duck

            19 ps D Bursgens

            14 ps re X

              3 ps Half Duck

              5 ps Half Raven

              3 ps L      Do

            46

To Hussey & Mackay                          9 mo 2 1839

                                    Your favr of the 20th Ulto I duly recd & note its contents – annex’d I enclose I hand you two Check making together $8000 which you will please place to my Credit – I drew on you on the 30th Ulto for $1300 at 5 Days in favr of Charles W Howland- you will please not present the Check for $5000 before the 5th Inst for payment –

I am &

49

                                                            9 mo 9 1839

To Shober Bunting & Co

                                                I have this day drawn on you at 5 days sight in favour of Charles W Morgan 2 drafts for $1500 each which you will please honour & place to a/c

of your assured friend

 

                                                            9 mo 9 1839

To Hussey & Mackay

                                                I have this day drawn on you at 5 days sight in favour of Charles W Morgan 2 drafts ↑one↓ for $1500 and one for $1000 which you will please honour & place

to a/c of your assured friend

 

                                                            9 mo 18th 1839

To Crocker Brothers & Co

                                    I am in want of about 900 sheets Copper for the Golconda please say what would be your terms for it – memorandum below

            Sheets

            100 – 34 oz      100 – 26 oz

            100 – 32          150 – 24

            150 – 30          150 – 22

            150 - 28           400

            500                  500

                                    900 – I have included on hand 94 sheets 32 oz

                                    174                                          80 do       30 oz                                  

                                    726  sheets wanted

 

                                                                        9 mo 18th 1839

To Prince Gardner

                                    I have been expecting to hear from thee on the subject of the whale Oil sold thee & the Oil Oil Casks which was recd from thee some time since – the Casks were not (as I stated to thee) such as was expected I thought from that circumstance thee would probably have called when thee was here to have the matter settled.  there are 7 [?pipes] remaining here of the lot that woud not answer our purpose & remain on the Wharf subject to thy order – 210 – 209-170 – 209-254-200 & 231 is 1483 galls – I should be glad if convenient to realize a payment on a/c of the Oil – I have had somewhat unexpectedly to pay this season very heavy Amots in

50

my business which made me short of funds at this time

Thy assured friend

 

                                                            11 mo 5th 1839

To J Bridge & Co

                                    Your favour of the 20th of Aug has been duly received with A/C & A/sales annexed – you will please pay Godfrey, Laurie & Small the Amot of General average on 200 boxes Candles sent them per the Canton, with Interest & oblige me- I have not as yet ship’d any Candles to New Orleans on my Acct – times look bad & very unpleasant –

Yours &

 

                                                            11 mo 30th 1839

To Edward Howland 2nd

            Master of Ship Golconda

 

                                                The ship Golconda is now ready to proceed to Sea under thy command on her intended Whale voyage to the Pacific Ocean, the object of which is a Cargo of Clean white Sperm Oil – This may be effected by a close attention and an untiring perseverance on the part of thyself and Officers, but on thy own exertions more particularly does the success of the voyage depend – I am fully satisfied that a Cargo of Sperm Oil may yet be procured in the Pacific Ocean within a reasonable time, with reasonable exertions, every possible exertions ought to be made by thee to accomplish so desirable an object and to bring this voyage to a favourable termination – to do this thee ought not to shrink from the greatest possible exertions, thy reputation is at stake in it – I think thee must be aware of the importance of harmony being maintained between the Officers and also between the Officers & Crew – good treatment toward the crew will produce good treatment from them toward the Officers – I think with a little attention this may be effected to the satisfaction of all as well as being of material benefit to the voyage in other respects – I wish thee to have especial care of the Ship and all that belongs to her, see that nothing is wasted, or improperly wasted or used – keep the Mast heads salted, the Chain Cables & other chains about the ship free from rust, keep fresh water out of the ship as much as is possible & by all means, keep the inside of the ship clean & in fact have a general & supervisory

51

care over all the several parts of the Ship & her appurtenances I shall not confine thy cruising ground. I have a good opinion of the Coast of Chile & Peru, the Off shore ground etc. I presume thee does understand the seasons for cruising on these grounds – if thee should not be likely to fill the ship with Sperm Oil, thee had better fill the Casks with Whale Oil than to bring them home empty – thee will run no hazard with the ship, take every possible care of her I make no Insurance – run no hazard with the natives any where – I expect that one of the Officers of the ship always to have charge of the Deck during the night as well as day time – I am not willing the charge of the deck should be given to a boatsteerer at any time, they are not responsible Men for such a trust – there is too much property in the Golconda to be entrusted to such men – I have furnished thee with everything that is thought necessary to procure a Cargo of Oil & likewise to recruit the ship when in Port, but still should thee find it necessary to draw on me I shall pay thy drafts – should thee obtain any Oil this side of the Islands & has an opportunity of shipping it home it may be consigned to my friends Josiah Bradlee & Co Boston, Hussey & Mackay New York Shober Bunting & Co Philadelphia, or Thomas Whitridge of Baltimore for me – thee will write me occasionally during the voyage thee may offer a bounty to the men for seeing whales, to the man who shall see the most whales $50 – the one who sees the next most $40 – & the next one $30 - & the next $20 - & the next $10 - & to every Man who shall behave himself so as to have the full approbation of the Capt & Officers I will reward with $10 extra – the best possible lookout must be kept during the voyage, as much depends upon this for the success of the voyage – wishing thee a pleasant voyage & safe return to thy family & friends & remain thy friend

George Howland

 

                                                                        12 mo 7th 1839

To Thomas B Vose

                                    Inclosed I hand the Bill of  Candles & annexed Bill of Lading of the same the Amot of the Bill $6681.21 please send me thy Notes for the same as at foot and oblige thy friend

            $2200   at 5 months

              2281.21  6 ditto

              2200.00  7 ditto

52

 

                                                            12 mo 18th 1839

To Joshua B. Tobey

                        Thy letter of the 16th Inst I have recd & agreeable to thy request I now send thee annexed my Note to Whitman & Co for Amot their Bill 50 Tons Iron say $4525 – at 3 months from 11 mo 28th 1839 –

Thy assured friend

 

To Crocker Brothers                            12 mo 27th 1839

                                    Your favr of the 26th Inst I have duly recd & have concluded to accept your terms for Copper for the Hope a Memorandum of which is at foot – I want the Copper immediately as I want to Copper the Ship before the Ice makes – I do not expect to send the Ship out short of 3 or 4 Months – you see I am using the Copper near 7 Months sooner than I need to, I do this merely for my Convenience –

I am &            

 

            100 sheets 34 oz

            100    “       32

            150            30 

            150            28

            200            26

            150            24

            150            22

            1000 sheets

 

To C P & B R Curtis Esqs                                12 mo 27 1839

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 23d Inst I have duly recd with your acct annexed & note its contents- I did not expect you had any Acct against me – I employed  Timothy G Coffin to manage the Case & must refer you to him for a settlement of  you Bill  - which hope will be satisfactory

I am &

 

                                                                        12 mo 28th 1839

To Barrows & Prior

                                    Annexed is Invoice of 118 Boxes Candles shipped by the schooner Cornelia they are not of my first quality but are good Candles to retail for City consumption – You will please do the best you can with them I thought 2 cts in a pound less than best Candles would do, you can however do the best you can with them -

53

 

                                                            12 mo 28th 1839

To Hussey & Mackay

                                    Annexed I hand you Invoice of 110 Boxes Sperm Candles per the Schooner Cornelia – they are not my first quality of Candles, they are good Candles and will show for themselves – you will do the best they can with them – I think they are worth within 2 cents per pound of the best –

Yours &

 

                                                            12 mo 18th 1839

To Josiah Bradlee & Co

                                                I am in want of some duck for the Ship Hope agreeable to memorandum at foot, it is not wanted for some time yet, but as it is not likely the Packets will run much longer this winter I have concluded to get it now please say your best

Yours &

            26 pieces  D Brusgins

            20  do       Zotoff or I Brusgins

               9  “         Half duck

             11  “         Heavy Ravens

               4  “         Light ditto

             70

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          1 mo 23 1840

 

                                    Your favr of the 16th Inst I have duly recd with your A/C enclosed which is correct & my Books are in conformity Balance due me after deducting the $500 (of  which you allude) is $699.47 to New Acct – I have this day drawn on you in favr of Charles W Howland $700 at 5 Days which you will please honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To Barrows & Prior                             1 mo 23 1840

                                    Your favr of the 13th Inst with A/C annexed has been duly recd – the Acct is correct & the balance of $171.90 due me carried to New Acct – I have this day drawn on you in favr of Charles W Howland for $250 at 5 Days which you will please honour & place to my Acct

I am &

54

 

To James Hunnewell                                         1 mo 31 1840

            Charlestown (Mass)

 

                                                Thy favr of the 28th Inst I have recd & now hand thee annexe’d my Drft on Chandler  Howard & Co for $243.20 the Amot of Cap Luces Drft on me at the same time – this is the only mode in which I could remit thee the Amot & hope it will prove satisfactory –

I am &

 

To Chandler Howard & Co                              1 mo 31 1840

                       

                                                I was drawn upon by one of my Captains in the Pacific Ocean at 10 Days sight for $243.20 in favr of John [?Robson] he has made it payable to James Hunnewell of Charleston, Mass & requests me to remit him the Amot – I have given him a Dft on you at 10 Days date (the most convenient way I could pay him) for that Amot which you will I shall be very much obliged by your honouring & place the Amot to my Acct

I am &

 

To Chandler Howard & Co                              2 mo 7 1840

 

                                                Your esteemed favours of the 1st & 5th Inst I have duly recd – the latter accompanying A/Sales 34 Casks Oil Amot 3017.93 is correct& placed to your debit & likewise your A/C which appears correct as far as it is stated – I think your friends at the West cannot expect from me & others to wate upon them for more favourable time of Exchange to make their remittances – I shall be glad to avail of the funds in your hands as soon as your convenience will permit – will you have the goodness to say for how much I may drawn on you for & at what time – your reply will oblige yours &

 

To William H Chase                             2 mo 10 1840

 

                                    Thy favr of the 29th Ulto with thy Accts was duly recd & my Books stand in Conformity Balance due me to New Acct is $23816.69 – I shall want to avail of this balance either in money Notes or Dfts as may best suit thee or a part of each – excepting $10000 for which thee may send me thy Note which will take that Amot out of the Acct or let it remain if thee much prefers it – I shall want to avail of a part of the balance this month –

I am &


                                                                                    55

 

To Shober Bunting & Co                                  2 mo 12 1840

                                    I have a letter from [?William Ivins] the Coloured man to whom I gave an Order on you for $100 in the 12 mo last saying he is detained in Philadelphia on Acct of his father & would like I should send him an Order for $100 more on you – will you be so kind as to pay him on my Acct any Amot not exceeding $500 – he was Cooper of our Ship Hope – I am in debt to him more than Amot – I shall direct him to call on you for what money he may want as above –

I am &

 

To O. R. Perry & Co                                       2 mo 15 1840

                                    Your favr of the 22d Ulto was duly recd & I have this ship you by New York to the Care of George Whitaker three Casks Sperm Whale Oil as per bill at foot which hope will prove satisfactory –

I am &

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co                              2 mo 29 1840

                                                Annexed I hand you my Note for Amot your Bill Copper for Ship Hope for which please send me your bill – Note dated 2 mo 7 1840 at 6 Months for $1849.51 –

I am &

 

To Thomas Whitridge                           3 mo 5 1840

                                    I shall be obliged by thy sending me 100 Bls best Super fine flour by the [?Saveth] Louisa – I have seen A H Seabury & he has agreed for the flour to come by that vessell altho he had written thee not to take any frt for her –

I am &

 

To Charles Robinson [?]                                   3 m 10 1840

                                    Thy favr of the 7th Inst I have just recd – thee will send me this week 5 Ton Hoops as at foot & much oblige thy friend –

              5 Cwt 3d Hoops

            10         4  L

            20        4   H

            50        5   L & H

            15        6   L & H

           100

 

To Prince Gardner                                3 mo 17 1840

                                    Thy favr of this date with Statement of Acct annex’d I have duly recd by [?Govanr] Hussey & likewise 2 packages of money in one of them

56

$1066.71 & in the other mark’d Benjamin Gardner $1167.28 which is $100.08 over the Amot it was sent for – this Amot I can deposit to the Credit of B Burnell Cashier in the Bedford Commercial Bank & he can pay the same at Nantucket or any other way that will suit thee the Amot of the Casks will differ some from thy Acct which can be adjusted when thee is here –

I am &

 

To Obed Hood                                                4 mo 13 1840

            Nantucket

                                    By recommendation of Cromwell Barnard I send thee by Packet 35 Bundles of Candle [?paper] for Sale on my Acct which thou wilt please receive & dispose of to best advantage. I can send thee any sizes that is wanted should the present sizes not suit personally – I can send thee most any quantity that may be wanted please write me on the subject – the 35 Bundles is 2000 –

I am  &

 

To Capt George W Stewart                  4 mo 20 1840

                                    The Hope is now ↑about↓ ready to proceed on her intended Whale Voyage to the Pacific Ocean thyself master I recommend thy entering upon this voyage with a full determination of prosecuting it to a favourable termination always bearing in mind that nothing is obtained or a man cannot destinguish himself in any business or enterprise without great exertion of boath body & mind there must be be accept into active exertion & when they are a reward of success will be the consequence, therefore I earnestly recommend this exertion to thy deep consideration & adoption – I trust nothing will be wanting on thy part in procuring a good Cargo of clean Sperm Oil for the Hope – I wish to recommend to thee the importance of harmony being maintained between  the Officers & Crew also between the Officers & Crew good treatment towards the Crew will almost invariably produce good treatment from them towards the Officers – I think with a little attention this may be affected to the satisfaction of all as well as being of material benefit to the Voyage

57

in other respects in the in the discharge of our duties we can with some degree of confidence as[k] for a Blessing on our exertions & I have no doubt thee will experience a benefit by it – thee will take good care of the Ship & all that belongs to her, run no hazard with the Ship take every possible care of her – I make no Insurance, keep the fresh water out of her as much as possible, keep the Chain Cables & ^other^ Chains about the Ship from rusting as much as may be, keep Salt at the Mast heads, keep the Ship Clean & inpart have a genuine supervisory care over all the several parts of the Ship & appurtenances – I shall not confine thee to any particular cruising ground, but I must leave thee to exercise thy best judgement in the case – I have a good opinion of the Coast of Chile Peru offshore ground Japan etc – run no hazard with the Natives – I expect one of Officers always to have charge of the Deck during the night as well as day time, the watch should never be trusted to a boat Stearer, there is too much property in such a Ship as the Hope to be entrusted to inexperienced men – should thee have occasion to draw on me for supplies for the Ship thy Drfts will be paid – thee will write me occationally during the Voyage I wish to offer a bounty to the Crew for seeing Whales to the man who shall see the most Whales $50 & the next $40 & so down to $10 & to every man that shall behave himself so as to have the particular approbation of the Capt & Officers I will reward $10 extra – keep the Ship well [?]

I am &

 

                                                4 mo 29th 1840

 

[no adressee]

                        Your favour of the 16th inst I have duly recd – I was last week at Wareham where our Nail Mill is and had some conversation with the Agent there and the conclusion was we could not under the present deranged state of the currency send you Nails for sale – the time may come when we should be glad to do it –

58

 

                                                            4 mo 29th 1840

To Whitridge & Co

                                    Your favour of the 15th inst I have recd and note its contents – I think I mentioned to your H Buhen here I wished you to remit you the Amot which may be due me on New York or Boston which I now confirm – I have a small Balance in the hands of J. Bridge & Co which I should wish they might include in your remittance as they stated they could not remit small Amots – I had sometime since requested them to pay a small Balance which I owed G.L. Small will you have the goodness to request the accomplishment of this thing by J. Bridge & Co I dislike to have such things to lay along from year to year – I want you should collect from J M Stanton ½ per cent on $2468.83 which he agreed to pay me & did not is $12.34 & 1 percent on $785.29 the amot of his check on the Stonington Bank and cashed at the Suffolk Bank Boston $7.85 . the transaction of this matter I explained to you H. Buhen. when here last I would not trouble you with these small matters if I could do otherwise but he that would not attend to small things are not likely to have greater ones –

I am &

 

To Elijah Winslow                                7 mo 20 1840

 

                                    Thy letter of 5 mo 25 I have duly recd & fully note its contents – thy letter of last year with thy Note of $250 was recd (duly) likewise – I did expect when I lent thee the money thee would pay the Interest & some of the principle every year which must be the best way for thee to pay the Note.  I hope thee will make it convenient to do so & by that means thee may almost imperceptible work out of debt –

I am &

 

To Shober Bunting & Co                                  7 mo 20 1840

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 13th Inst with you A/C annex’d was duly recd – my Books stand in conformity to your Acct Balance due me the first Inst is $6908.15 please inform me what you are likely to do with the 50 Boxes Candles sent you some time since & oblige your assured friend George Howland I have your favr of the 17th Inst with drft annex’d on W. T. Haws for $111.17 which has been collected & placed to your Credit in Acct

I am &

59

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 8 mo 12 1840

                                                I shall be obliged by your shipping me as soon as you can & on the best terms possible 2 to 300 Tons Iron of the sizes as at foot – I shall make immediate arrangement with my friends at New York to open a Credit for the Amot I expect to be in New York myself in a few days –

I am &

            10 Tons 1 ¾ Inch}

            15   “      2 ¼  “   }

            20   “      2 ½  “   }

            25   “      2 ¾  “   } ordinary thickness

            15   “      3      “   }

            10   “      3 ½  “   }

              5   “       4 to 6   }

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 9 mo 12 1840 

                                                I confirm the foregoing (Copy) of my letter to you of the 12th Ulto & inform you that my friends have not forward to you a letter of Credit for the Amot of Iron you may ship for my Acct I wish the shipment made as early as possible but not later than all next month –

I am &

 

To Chandler Howard & Co                  9 mo 25 1840

                                    Your favr of the 23d Inst I have recd with a check annex’d for $1000 – I will furnish you with Bleached strained Oil 1/13 & unbleach’d at 1/08 – Winter 1/20 & Bleached 1/25 at 6 months the Oil to be gauged & fill’d up & pumped here & delivered in Boston Candles I have sold at ¢19 [?per ?] here. I have but a few on hand for Sale.  I would deliver to you in Boston 200 Boxes [?2 ¢40] 6 Mo my Candles are very good & I have no doubt they would give every satisfaction – Candles are held here by several for higher prices – I have but very little Oil or Candles on hand more than William Henry Chase will want to supply his Customers with – I have not as yet sent any Oil or Candles to market excepting a shipment to William Henry Chase this fall –

I am &

 

To C P & B R Curtis Esqs                                10 mo 5 1840

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of April 13 June 13 & 21 Sept have been duly recd & I supposed from what Timothy G Coffin told me, your bill had been settled by him – will you have the goodness to inform me wheather he (TGC) has seen you written you or in any way said any thing on the subject to you – I have long ago paid him the Amot of the bill (& I am sorry to add) more than twice the Amot – I had no expectation of being call’d upon from any other quarter respecting the fine

60

on this suit & indeed was told by comcomient Lawyers of this place that I had nothing to do with any attorney but T G C whom I had employed in the Case –

I am &

 

To Thomas P Cope (and others)                       10 mo 15 1840

 

                        My son Matthew has concluded to go on with Robert [Howland] to the Haverford School today.  I embrace the opportunity to acknowledge the receipt of your acceptable favour of the 28th Ulto the contents of which I have duly considered & I think you will agree with me that my appropriations on Acct of School is full as much as I aught at present at least to subject myself too – I think Haverford School establishment is in good hands & I have no doubt all the wants of the School will be liberally supply’d by its liberal benefactors should you enter into a Subscription for the Amot the School is in debt & should be successful in procuring most of the deficiency I have not much doubt but you may calculate on a small Amount from this place compleat it –

I am &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 11 mo 28 1840

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of Sept 25 Oct 9 & 23rd are duly recd with Invoice & bill lading of 300 Tons Iron per Bark Nahant Capt Huffington – the Latter with its enclosures was recd in my absence from home of the 21st Inst – I wrote you 8 mo 12 last requesting you would ship me 2 to 300 Tons of Iron & that I would make arrangements with my friends at New York to open a Credit for the same which was done by my friends Hussey & Mackay in good time to meet your Drfts for the Cargo ordered, as we concluded considered – I do not understand on what ground you make Insurance on this Cargo and Charge me with the Premium without instructions so to do. for your Alexander Barclay (who was in this County) must know that you could run no risk in the Collection of this debt even in the event of no Credit being opened & the Cargo lost –  often move such Cargos in succession & without Insurance – I am willing to pay the Premium that I could have had the Cargo Insured for in this Country which would be from 1 ½ to 2 pCt on Cargo- your advance to Capt Huffington on acct freight, subjects me to an inconvenience & some trouble in case of loss, which I

61

should much rather have been clear of – I was about making up an other order for 3 to 400 Tons Iron from Gottenburg but these things opperate as a discouragement – I have been near 40 years in a regular strait forward business & on my own Capital which makes these little inovations unpleasant in the extreme – you must readily see on what ground I place this business & hope you will without hesitation be willing to conform to it –

I am &

 

To Reed Irving & Co (London)                        11 mo 28, 1840

                                                Your favr of the 31st Ulto with its endorsement came duly to hand on the 24th Inst in my absence & notice its contents – I now may inform you that arrangement were made by my friends Hussey & Mackay of New York for the payment of this Cargo through another House in London  a long time since which they will see full fill’d –

I am &

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          11 mo 30 1840

                                    I hand you endorsed John A Parker & Son Exchange for £3500 Stg on London (Fletcher Alexander & Co) which you will please remit by the Steamer tomorrow for to meet the Cost of 300 Tons Iron per the Nahant Capt Huffington – I have endorsed the Exchange to you for safety – I enclose two letters for Alexander Barclay & Co which please forward by different conveyances. I have numbered them 1st & 2nd & one to Reed Irving & Co which please forward likewise – the balance which may ultimately be due Alexander Barclay & Co can be remitted when assertained the Charge of advance to Capt Huffington & for Insurance will be in addition to the above sum of £3500  -

I am &

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co                              12 mo 26 1840

                                    Your favour of this days date has been duly recd & at foot I hand you ↑a↓ Memorandum for the Copper for the Rousseau –

I am &

            100 – 34          100 – 28          100 – 22 oz

            150 – 32          200 – 26          1000 sheets

            150 – 30          200 – 24

 

To Reed Irving & Co                                        12 mo 28 1840

                                    Enclosed I hand you a bill of Exchange for £191.16.8 Stg on Maclean Mavis & Co ^London^ at 60 Days which you will please collect & place to the Credit of our friends Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg – I likewise enclose a letter to them which you will

62

likewise please forward to them & oblige your assured friend George Howland

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                             12 mo 28 1840

 

                        Since writing you on the 28th of last Month I have your favr of the 28th of Oct & note its contents – I have this day remitted Reed Irving & Co for your Acct £191.16.8 Stg it being the Amot of $929.51 advanced Capt Huffington on Acct of the Nahants freight of 300 Tons Iron to me as per bills enclosed – the Amot for Insurance is for adjustment – I make no Insurance on my own Acct & have not for many years I stand my own Underwriter – had you made no Insurance on the Nahants Cargo there would have been none & consequently no premium to have been paid – I want to Import in the course of next year 600 to 900 Tons ^of Iron^ for my Nail Mill –

I am &

 

To C P & B R Curtis                                        1 mo 9 1841

 

                                    your favr of the 7th Inst has been duly recd – Timothy G Coffin goes to Boston next week he says he will call on you & settle the business. he will not allow that I have anything to do with it, he will settle it –

I am &

 

To Thomas B Curtis                                         1 mo 26 1841

                                    I was informed by Alexander Barclay when in this Country (last year) that I should be likely to make arrangements with thee as agent for the House of Fletcher, Alexander & Co in opening a credit for the Importation of Iron from Gottenberg, please inform me what would be the most favourable terms for furnishing such a Credit – I refer thee to J. Bridge & Co for a knowledge of my ability to meet my engagement –

I am &

 

To Thomas B. Curtis                                        1 mo 28 1841

                                    Thy favr of the 27th Inst I recd this eveing & note its contents – I should like to receive a Credit in favr of Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenberg for the Amot of 400 Tons Swedish Iron of ordinary sizes, upon the terms stated – please forward the documents as soon as convenient & oblige thy friend George Howland

63

 

To Shober Bunting & Co                                  1 mo 28 1841

                                    Your favr of the 8th Inst with A/C[?oms] annex’d has been duly recd – the Acct appears correct & my Books stand in conformity excepting I had charg’d you with $5 paid B. Lindzey for the Mercury which makes the balance due you $342.22 – I have this day drawn on you in favr of Benjamin  V Marsh for $60 which you will please pay & charge to my Acct

I am &

 

To Benjamin V Marsh                          1 mo 28 1841

                                    Annex’d I hand thee my Drft on Shober Bunting & Co for $60 the Amot due for Robert B Howlands 2nd half of Winter term agreeable to bill which I have recd

I am &

 

To Thomas B. Curtis                            1 mo 29 1841

                                    Thy favr of the 29th Inst is duly recd with its enclosures. I now return the agreements signed as requested & am much obliged for thy prompt attention to this business –

I am &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                             1 mo 30 1841

                                                Since writing you on the 28th of 12th Mo last, I have your favr of the 4th Novr – annex’d I hand you a letter of Credit on Fletcher Alexander & Co London for £5000 Stg which I wish you to make use of for the purchase & shipment of 400 Tons^of^ Iron provided it can be done ship’d by two different Vessells & a little time between the shipments, not to exceed 250 Tons in one Vessell if this cannot be ^readily^ done ship me 300 Tons by one Vessell & let the order end there – the sizes & proportions the same as per the Nahant –

I am &

P.S. I wish you to give me early notice of your taking up a Vessell the quantity of Iron she will take & the probably Amot you shall draw for that I may be able to remit in time to such the Drfts at maturity in London agreeable to the conditions of the Credit –

I am &

 

To C. P. Curtis                         2 mo 16 1841

                        I have just recd thy letter of the 15th Inst & note its contents – it does appear to me that thou art improperly pressing this matter upon me – I have in a former letter stated I had nothing directly to do with you in the settlement of this business – I employed Timothy G Coffin to manage my business, he

64

had called on your ade to manage my business which has is ready to settle with you [?] I presume – In reply to thy enquiries I can say Timothy G Coffin never told me he had settled your bill in the Bishop Case – neither did I say to you that he had – but that I expected he had done it from what he had said some time previous “he was going to Boston & would settle it” from this I presummed he had done it – I never meant to convey any Idea that he had told me he had paid you –

I am &

 

                                                            4 mo 24th 1841

 

To Capt John E. Brayton,

                                                The ship Rousseau is now ready to proceed to sea on her intended whaling voyage to the Pacific Ocean, thyself master – The object of this voyage is a cargo of clean, white pure sperm Oil – in order to obtain which, it will be necessary to commence with a determination not only to bring the voyage to a speedy and successful termination but also satisfactory to thyself, the owners and all others interested therein and this may be done by a constant and untiring attention to the object in view, by treating the officers & crew in such a manner as to insure good treatment from them in return and by requiring the same from all the superior to the inferior officers and men – by good treatment I mean not allowing any beating or knocking the men about and the less swearing at them the better, call them by their proper or at least suitable names and in short treat and require them to be treated by thy officers like men.  I do not make these remarks from any apprehension that they are required in the present case, but as they occurred to me while penning them –

            I do not wish to restrict thee to any particular cruising ground, but will leave it to thy judgement to act therein as shall from time to time appear best –

            I wish thee to have a general care of the ship and all belonging to her and suffer nothing to be wasted or destroyed. It will be necessary to take up the provisions and look well to and cooper them & fill the meat with pickle if necessary, on arriving in warm  weather – keep the cables and shroud chains as free from rust as possible, keep the mast heads filled with salt & bags of salt on the top of them keep the ship well painted and if necessary caulked, keep the fresh water out of her as

65

much as possible and be very careful not to take any unwarrantable risk as there will be no insurance on the ship – it seems to me that a timely & frequent use of the lead would prevent many disasters - it having been the custom heretofore and for aught I know continued in some instances to the present time, to leave the deck at night in charge of a boatstearer, it is my wish and request that there may be at all times a responsible officer in charge of the deck by day and by night.

            I would suggest for thy consideration the propriety of offering (as a means of stimulus for good conduct) a bounty of $10 – to each & every man who shall perform the voyage to thy satisfaction & in addition thereto a bounty for seeing whales, if in thy judgement it should be best –

            If in the prosecution of the voyage it should become necessary to draw for the payment of supplies which may be required for the use of the ship, thy drafts will be honoured –

            Should thee be so fortunate as to procure any oil before passing the Island & should ship it home please consign it if to Boston to Josiah Bradlee & Co, if to New York to Hussey & Mackay, if to Philadelphis to Shober Bunting & Co, if to Baltimore to Thomas Whitridge – please date the Bills of Lading at sea

            Wishing thee a short & successful voyage & safe return to thy family& friends I remain

thy assured friend

[There is a logbook for this voyage in the New Bedford Public Library]

 

To Fletcher Alexander & Co                            4 mo 27 1841

            London                        Enclosed I hand you the first of three setts of Exchange, one on John Shuttleworth Manchester payable in London for £- one on H Castellain Son & Co London for £1500 & one on Carmon Miller & Co Liverpool payable in London for £1000 – all at 60 Days which you will please collect & place the Amot Thirty One hundred thirty sever pounds 14/4 Sterling to my Credit for the purpose of meeting the Drafts of Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg for my Acct for Iron which they are directed to purchase for me & draw on you for – I having recd a Credit from your Agent in Boston for £5000 for this purpose – you will please accept Alexander Barclay & Co Drfts to the Amot of their shipment of Iron for my Acct (not exceeding the Credit) in all of 400 Tons of Iron the limit of

66

of my Order to them – I shall make you a further remittance in time to meet your acceptances for my Acct

I am &

 

To Fletcher Alexander & Co                5 mo 13 1841

 

                        Since writing you on the 27th Ulto I have recd your esteemed favour of the 14th of April with its contents – I now hand you enclosed the first of a Sett of Exchange on Melly Privort & Co Liverpool payable in London for £600 Stg & the first of another sett on Holford & Co London for £900 Stg making together £1500 – which you will please collect & place to my Credit for the purpose of meeting Alexander Barclay & Co’s Drfts on you for my Acct to the Amot of the Cost of 400 Tons Iron the balance which may be due you at the close of this business shall be paid when assertain’d –

I am &

 

To Thomas B. Custis                            7 mo 14 1841

 

                                    On my return after an absence of 10 Days – I have recd a letter from our friends Fletcher Alexander & Co dated June 18, with the A/C enclosed stating a balance due them of  £148.5.6 which they wish me to settle with them for their Acct is made up to the 10th  of next month – please say what Amot I must remit to meet Amot satisfactoryly they have charged 6 pCt Interest –

I am &

 

To Thomas B Custis                             7 mo 26 1841

 

                                    If agreeable I should like be glad to have a Credit with Fletcher Alexander & Co London in favr of Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg for the Amot of Cost of 600 Tons of Swedish Iron of ordinary sizes –

I am &

 

Alexander Barclay & Co                      7 mo 30 1841

 

                                    Annex’d I hand you a Credit on Fletcher Alexander & Co London for £6500 – you will please ship me a Cargo of Iron of the same dimentions as heretofore, not exceeding 300 Tons on the best terms you possibly can – I wish you to ship it by a good American Vessell if possible – the Brig M[?] has arrived at last – It is probable I may order another Cargo by the next Packet Steamer – the frt last paid was quite too high – expecting you will be able

67

to ship the Cargo on much better terms & at a much less price than the last & remain your assured friend George Howland

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co                              8 mo 13 1841

 

                        Your favr of the 11th Inst has been duly recd with bill Copper annex’d – the Copper was delivered yesterday & my Son has weigh’d it all carefully for the first time which we have ever weigh’d any of your Copper sent me – our Scales has just been regulated & the result is as below – you will please say what shall be done with it –

 

            200 sheets 34 oz 1989 is 1978 ½

            200  “        32  “  1872 is 1863

            200  “        30  “  1749 is 1739 ½

            200  “        28  “  1629 is 1621 ½

            200  “        26  “  1518 is 1511

            200  “        24  “  1394 is 1382 ½

            200  “        22  “  1283 is 1275

                                      11434   11371  difference 63

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 8 mo 31 1841

 

                        I wrote you on the 30 Ulto to which I refer you & confirm the same – I wish you to ship me a further quantity of Iron of 250 to 300 Tons of the same sizes as heretofore – I wish it ship’d in a good American Vessell as it will be late when the Vessell will arrive on our Cost – Fereign Vessells are too apt to make Genl Averages for trivial causes such as never ought to be allowed – the Minerva case was one of that description – I make no Insurance – if an American Vessell cannot be had you can ship it in a foreign one if she is unquestionable good – Duty on Iron will be reduced 2 to 3 Dollars on a Ton on the first day Jany next – if it should so turn out you should ship this Cargo & should not arrive on this Cost until about that time I should wish her not to come into port until the expiration of the time, so as to save the Duty –

I am &

68

 

To Fletcher Alexander & Co                            9 mo 28 1841

 

                                    Enclosed I hand you the first Bill of five setts of Exchange viz.

1 Bill on Evans & [?F]rokes Liverpool at 30 days for £545.9.3

1 ditto on Thomas W. Clagett London at 90     “    for   500.0.0

1 ditto on   ditto                           ditto      60     “    for   500.0.0

1 ditto on James Dunlop & Co   ditto       60    “     for   500.0.0

1 ditto  on  John Gilliat               ditto       60    “     for  1000.0.0

                                                                                    £ 3045.9.3

 

                                                                        10 mo 11th 1841

To Crocker Brothers & Co

                                    Your favour of the 6th Inst was recd in my absence – Annexed I hand you my two Notes as per statement for the Copper for George & Susan & Ann Alexander for which you will please send me a bill for each ship the difference of weight can as you suggest be settled hereafter –

 

To J. E. Thayer & Brother                                10 mo 12th 1841

 

                                    I should like to remit by the next steamer to England about £1500 Stg – If you could send me a good bill for about that Amot I would send you the money either in a Check on New York or Boston both the beginning of the week –

I am &

 

To Fletcher Alexander & Co                            10 mo 14 1841

 

                                    Since writing you on the 20th Ulto I have none of your esteemed favours – I now hand you for my Acct to meet Drfts from Gottenburg for Iron – the first bills of two setts of Exchange one on F de Lizandi & Co Liverpool for £1000 & one on George Pollard Esq for £478 making £1478 which please place to my Credit –

I am &

69

 

Barrows & Prior                                               12 mo 3 1841

 

                                    Since my return I have been engauged with my friends in attendance of our [?Quarterly] Meeting – I find my Sons have sold G. A Crocker & Co 1000 Bls of the George Howlands Cargo of Sperm Oil at 94 Cents equal to Cash – I will sell you any quantity not exceeding 500 Bls at the same price on 12 months with Interest if you wish it – I shall expect your reply by return Mail

I am &

 

William T. Morton                                            12 mo 3 1841

                                    I have just returned after an absence of about 6 weeks – my son has handed me thy fav of the 19th Ulto the contents of which is noted – the demand left against me by Isaac Sanderson for $141.33 must be a mistake as I have no knowledge of any such demand against me – but if thee will either send the demand to me or some other person in this place & it is a just one I will give a Check on one of the Boston Banks for the Amot & send it ^to thee^ by return Mail

I am &

 

Fletcher Alexander & Co                                  12 mo 14 1841                       

                                    Your esteemd favr of the 3 Novr has been duly recd I have no advise of the shipment of the 2d Cargo of Iron from Gottenburg as yet – their will be a Bill for £1000 Stg enclosed in this letter by my friends J E. Thayer & Brother of Boston  - which you will please receive & place to my Credit – the balance will be remitted as soon as assertaind –

I am &

 

To J E Thayer & Brother                                  12 mo 14 1841

                                    Your favr of this days date has been handed me this evening [?] [?] by Hatch – I now enclose you my letter to Fletcher Alexander & Co open in which you will please enclose the Bill for £1000 - ↑for↓ your kind attention to this business please accept my thanks –

I am &

 

To Fletcher Alexander & Co                            12 mo 20 1841

                                                I now annex enclose the 2d of the Bills forwarded you by J. E. Thayer & Brother as above from Boston Viz 1 Bill of B & Ives on Beaving Brothers & Co for £750 & 1 Do on Ditto for £250 together £1000 Stg – I am yet with out the advice of the Shipment of the 2d Cargo of Iron & the first has not yet arrived –

I am &

70

 

 Fletcher Alexander & Co                                 1 mo 29 1841

                                    Your esteemed favours of the 23d Ulto & 3 Inst have been duly recd & note their contents- your acceptance of our friends Alexander Barclay & Co ‘s Drfts for the Amot of the Brig [?Anans] Cargo is approved by me altho I don’t approve of their shipments so late in the season – I expected the shipments would have been made much earlyer in the season than they were – I now hand you enclosed the first of a Bill on Frederick Huth & Co London for £500 Stg at 60 days – the Amot of which you will please place to my Credit when recd – the balance which may be due you I will settle with your agent at Boston when assertaind –

I am &

 

To Barrows & Prior                                         2 mo 10 1842

                        Your favr of the 8th Inst with your A/C enclosed has been recd & note its contents – my Books are made in conformity to your Acct & the balance due me $87.73 to new acct

I am &

 

Crocker Brothers & Co                                    2 mo 10 1842

                        Your favr of this date has been duly recd – I will accept your terms for a suit of Copper for the George Howland –I will make an Order in a few days for the quantity & sizes – I mean your Cash terms – what will you give me for the Old Copper – I shall give the number of Sheets of Copper for the Ship as near as I can, what ever is left I should expect to return –

I am &

 

To Parker & Pope                                2 mo 12 1842

                        Your favr of the 9th Inst has been duly recd – the two young men in question return’d home in the ships & were regularly paid off, each receiving ^ a balance of^ near $200 – Richard [?Dewasens] claim must be against the young Men if he has any at this time –

I am &

 

To J E Thayer & Brother                      2 mo 12 1842

 

                        Your fav of the 7th Inst has been duly recd – I now hand you enclosed Nathan Hunts sett of Exchange on Samuel Gurney London for £600 Stg at 10 Days sight which you will please sell when you may think it the most favourable time to get the most for it – the proceeds you will please place to the

71

Credit of the Cash of the Bedford Commercial Bank at the Suffolk Bank & give me the Acct of the same when done & much oblige –

I am &

 

To N F Frothingham                             2 mo 12 1842

 

                        Thy favour of the 8th Inst was duly recd & note its contents – if I could be informed when Capt Huffington would sale & when it was likely he would be at Gottenburg & how much his Vessell would bring I would say what was likely I could do for him – I should like for him to say what he would bring a Cargo for, his price would have an influence –

I am &

  I have given J R Williams this day (2 mo 12 1842) a letter of Credit authorizing him to draw on me at such sight as will suit him for an Amot equal to Taxes on my land in the State of Michigan belonging to me

George Howland

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                   2 mo 15, 1842

 

                                    Your favour of the 10th inst has been duly recd – you will please to send me by the Railroad 89 pieces Duck agreeable to the memorandum below at your terms

Yours &

            44 pieces D Brusgins

            16 “      Zoloffo first quality

              5 “      Zoogins

              5 “      Zotoffs half duck

            12 “      Heavy Ravens (best)

              7 “      Light do (best)

            89        please inform by Mail when it will be sent I am not in a hurry for it -  

I am &

 

To George B Upton  Nantucket                        7 mo 15 1842

 

                                    By a letter just recd (which I enclose with two others) from the [?] of S M & Sons estate stating they had been directed  to pay a dividend to me of  6 6/10 pCt on $12488.88 amog to $824.27 – a dividend was made as will appear by this letter dated Oct 9 1840 of 13 pCt on $6310.20 payable to me, which I recd not until however I had stated to them that my claim was much larger which their letter

72

(enclosed) dated Dec 14 1840 will explain saying that I should at the next dividend have the deficiency made up – it does not appear to have been done – wilt thou have the goodness to have this business corrected – thou wilt see my claim is much larger than has been allowed & the Amot of the first dividend not made up –

I am &

 

To Samuel Foster & Elisha Jones                      10 mo 4 1842

            South China (Maine)

                                                I recd a letter from John Little of Carlisle (England) enclosing a Bill for £18 Stg with directions to sell it & remit you the Amot for the purpose specified in his letter to you – I have sold the Bill in Boston or rather it was sold in Boston by J E Thayer & Brother Brokers to whom I sent the bill – the Amot at 8 pCt  Premium less ½ pCt Brokerage charged by Thayer leave the Amo ↑Sum↓ of $86.19 for which Amot I hand you their Check on the State Bank of Boston – which I presume will be satisfactory –

I am &

 

To John Little (Carlisle England)                        10 mo 4 1842

                                                Thy esteemed favr of the 24th of 8th Month last with its contents enclosure has been recd as likewise a letter addressed to Samuel Foster & Elisha Jones annexed – the latter has been forwarded to them with the proceeds of the Bill of £18 Stg as at foot amounting to $86.19 – I shall always be glad to be useful to thee in this way or in any other – I am &                                          

                        £18 Stg - $80

                        8 pCt -         640

                                          8640

            less ½ pCt Brok         21  $86.19

 

To Joseph R Williams                           10 mo 4 1842

                                    Thy letter of 17th Ulto has been duly recd & I enclose the receipt requested – When thee was here in the Spring thee told me thee should be down again in about 3 months when thee would call & adjust the Note which I hold against thee & others & pay part of it – thee may judge my surprise when I read thy letter dated July 18 & found thee had left Town – I cannot feel satisfied with such a procedure, it is not what aught to be expected. I must expect something more definate –

I am &

73

 

To Nathaniel Goddard                          10 mo 12

                                    Thy favr of the 2d of June last was duly recd & agreeable to thy suggestion, I have consulted an intelligent lawyer respecting my acct with W H Stowell – he tells me this is no claim against me for the Amot of the Ship George Howlands bill [?] excepting the balance of about $10 – I have no wish in this case but the wright thing should govern – if their their is even any claim or justice I should readily settle the bill & Interest – but from my own understanding of the case & that of the Attorney I cannot understand it to be wright to pay it – I am willing to be subject to the judgement of other men in this case – I think this matter can be settled amicably between us or some of our friends here without much trouble – please authorize J B M & Co to leave the matter to some persons here to decide it –

I am &

 

To Nathaniel Goddard              10 mo 19 1842

 

                                    Thy favr of the 17th Inst has been duly recd & note its contents – I sold W H Stowell about 5000 Candle papers in the 5th Month 1841 to receive my pay in Cordage which he had on hand for Sale – I did receive a part of it in the fall of 1841 when I was fitting one of my Ships – the remainder I recd in the 3d Month last – balance [?] the paper, which was paid for by me the year before – at the time I recd the Cordage I had no expectation of his failure, & but a little time before I sold him several thousand dollars worth of Oil on time, for which he owes me for now –

I am &

 

To George E Clifford                11 mo 16th 1842

 

                                    Annexed I hand Invoice & Bill of Lading of 100 Boxes sperm Candles per the schooner Southerner which please receive & dispose of to best advantage for my Acct & remit me the proceeds as well as for the Oil when it can be done, strange as it may appear to thee yet I am much in want of means – I will ship more if I can get a good Acct of this shipment – the candles are all 4’s I sent the 5’s & 6’s of this lot to Baltimore for sale – hoping soon to hear from thee I remain

74

 

To Stephen Smith                                 2 mo 4 1843

 

                                    I have recd thy favr of the 30th Ulto with a Check for $250 annex’d which Amot I have endorsed on thy Note to me for $3000 –

I am &

 

To George E Clifford                            2 mo 4 1843

 

                                    Thy favr of the 7th Decr last with a bill of Exchange on New York for $570.20 has been recd – thy A/C has Credit for $500 the cost of the Bill – I have been expecting for some time to have recd a letter from thee advising of the arrival of the Candles & a further remittance on Acct of Oil & Candles  it has been expected from representations that sales would be made for Cash – I hope to hear from thee soon –

I am &

 

To Charles Howland                             2 mo 4 1843

                                    Thy letter of the 15th Decr last with Check for $200 has been recd & the amot placed to thy Credit – I have been expecting a remittance from thee for some time I wish thee to state to me what Amot thee has sold of W H Stowells property what amot thee has collected of the same & at what time I am to expect of thee the settlement of thy acceptance to W H Stowell for $1400 & the Interest that has accrued on the same since it was due – which I think is about 10 months or nearly one year – I think thee cannot complain of not having time to collect & pay this demand I must now expect thy immediate attention to it –

I am &

 

To Shober Bunting & Co                      2 mo 4, 1843

 

                                    Your favr of the 12th Ulto has been duly recd with A/C attach’d – balance in your favr of $155.94 – Independent of Old Acct unsettled – I have drawn on you for $3000 at 30 Days & $1000 at 4 months, please accept & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To George E Clifford                            2 mo 4, 1843

                                    Since writing thee by this mornings Mail I have recd the intelligence of the failure of E Wade whose acceptance I hold for the 200 Boxes Candles sold thee – I was presented with a schedule of his affairs & that he had assigned his property for the benefit of his Creditors which I have sign’d

75

the Candles I sold thee expecting thy Drft on thy brother in Law for the Amot but as thee had left before the Candles were delivered, I did at the suggestion of Whitridge take thy Brothers acceptance – I shall look to thee for any deficiency their may be in thy Brothers estate to discharge the claim & hope thou hast the funds in thy hands to make thee safe – I hope soon to hear from thee – I did expect to have recd A/Sales of the last years shipment of Oil ere this –

I am &

 

To Fletcher Alexander & Co                            2 mo 21 1843

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 4th of April last with you A/C enclosed was duly recd – the Acct appears correct & the balance due me in my favr of  £14.3.3 – I shall be obliged by your authorizing your agent at Boston to pay me at your convenience – I do not now expect to import any more Iron from Gottenberg for the present – I am using the American Iron in my Nail factory –

I am &

 

To Cromwell Barnard               2 mo 22 1843

                                    Thy favr of the 10th Inst I have recd with the 3 Notes of F & Rice payable at 4.2 & 12 Months from 1 mo 1 1843 which makes them due on as average of time 9 m 3 1843 for $131.41 –  $131.41 & $131.43 which is $394.15 due 9 mo 3 next – I have taken up thy Drft on F & Rice, which they accepted for $500 payable 2 mo 7 last – I have since take up thy drft on R. L Newbold Philadelphia for $150 which they he did not pay it having fail’d – I paid this draft 2 mo 13 the time it was due – I send thee F & Rice’s acceptance enclosed & a statement of the whole matter as it now stands – which I hope thee will find correct & satisfactory the statement is annex’d –

I am &

            To paid F & Rice acceptance 2 mo 7 1843 for                         $500.00

                        1 [?] Recd on acct this Drft                                80.54

                                    Interest to 2 mo 7 is 78 days       4.38    80.92

            3 Notes of F & Rice as above                                     394.25

                        Interest from 2 m 7 to 9 m 3 is 6 mo 26 days  13.13  380.72  461.64

                                                                                                                         $38.36

2 m 13 paid Drft on R L Newbold for                                                   150.00

I am &

 

William Frost & Co

76

To Samuel W. Hawes                                                   2 mo 28 1843

                                    I some time since endorsed a Drft of W H Stowells on Charles Howland of Buffalo for $1400 – which had been accepted by him & payable to 4 Months – it run out & was received for 4 Months more, the reason stated for its renewall was the property had not been sold & collected that the Drft was made against – during the last time Stowell fail’d & I paid the Drft at maturity rather than to have it discounted by the promise from Charles Howland that he would remit me one half the Amot last fall & the remainder during the Winter –

            the 15th December last he sent me $200 which is all I have recd from him – I have since written him to state to me the state of the funds in his hands, which he recd from Stowell which he does not do – would thee be so kind as to assertain from him what Amot of property he has in his hands that did belong to W H Stowell & what Amot has been sold & collected & in fact what is the state of the business generally & what is Charles’s situation as to responsibility etc. – it is now more than one year I think since the Drft was due & paid by me – their appears to be such aputing off by Charles in the Case that I do not feel satisfied for it to lay as it does any longer – please excuse my troubling thee in this matter, which I would not have done could I well have avoided it –

I am &

 

To Cromwell Barnard                                       3 mo 13 1843

 

                                    I have recd thy two favr of 2 mo 27 & 3 mo 5 with their enclosures & now give thee a further statement of the business –

I am &

            2 mo 7 Balance due thee per last statement                               38.36

                        2 mo 2 Days Interest to 4 mo 9 1843 is                          0.39

                                                                                                            38.75

                        Draft on S & Bunting due 4 mo 9 1843 for                   61.50

                                                                                                        $100.25

                        By Drft on W L Baker due 3 mo 27 for 139.56

                             12 Days Interest to 4 mo 9 1843           0.28        139.84

                                                                                                          240.09

            2 mo 13 [?] his Drft on R. S. Newbold for 150.00

                        Interest from 2 mo 13 to 4 m 9 is

                                    1 month 26 Days                      1.40                                                                               

                                                                                                         151.40

                        this balance to be endorsed as per Note                       88.69

                        when the above is recd

77

 

To Charles Howland                             3 mo 16 1843

 

                                    I have written thee several times to give me a statement of the property in thy hands belonging to the Estate of W. H. Stowell, thee has not seen fit to do it – I have learn from L. W. Hawes that he purchased property was all sold last fall for he purchased the last of it – now is it possible thee is willing to hold this property & not pay the Drft which thee accepted to pay when thee has recd the money thyself which aught to have been applied to the payment of the Drft with out any delay – it is very extraordinary that thee should apply these funds to thy use & leave the Drft for me to take care of who had no Interest in it whatever – I shall expect thee to give me something deffenate respecting this business by the returning Mail & by that I shall be governed –

I am &

 

To William Frost & Co                         3 mo 27 1843

                                    Annex’d I hand you Invoice of 200 Boxes Sperm Candles which you will please receive & dispose of to best advantage for my Acct

I am &

 

To L Bartlett Esq                                  4 mo 11 1843

            Boston             Thy favr of the 10th Inst has been duly recd & note its contents – I annex’d hand thee a statement of my Acct with W H Stowell by which I am willing to settle – the balance is $53.92 which Amot I hand thee enclosed in a Check on the Suffolk Bank Boston – If my friend Goddard is not satisfied with this, he may name any suitable person here either 1, 2 or 3 men to whom the case may be submitted for settlement – he has an agent here to whom he confides large Amounts of property & in whom I think he would have no hesitancy in confiding so small a matter for settlement – all the persons connected on having any particular knowledge in the case are here & if it must be arbitrated it would be more proper it should be done here – I expect to leave home tomorrow & shall be absent two or three weeks when I shall be ready to give further attention to the business if it should be found

78

necessary –

I am &

                        W H Stowell to George Howland Jr

1841

5 m 11             To 4475 [?] Candle paper @ ¢12                    $573.00

                        To Cash to N Goddard                                        53.92          

                                                                                                $626.92

1841

12 m 1             By Balance Ship George & Susan bill    $333.00

1842                By Amot Ship   George Howlands bill                 293.92                                     3 mo                                                                                      $626.92

                                                            4 mo 11 1843

                                                                        George Howland

 

To Crocker Brothers & Co                              4 mo 27 1843

                                    Your favr of the 29th Inst I have recd & note its contents your terms for Copper – 21 Cts 8 Month I presume you mean to deduct a Coms as usual on that Amot if so you will please send me for the Java 950 sheets agreeable to memm below – what will you give for Old Copper – I should like to sell you the Javas it appears to be entirely hole on her bottom –

I am&

            300 sheets        28 oz

            250  “               26

            250  “               24

            250  “               22

            950

To I L. Judson                                      5 mo 6th 1843

                                    I am in want of some Mess and No 1 Beef & prime Pork of best quality – please say what would be thy best Cash terms for it per Bbl pease send me 100 [?] of best neats tongues of the largest size, I want large ones & pay a higher price for them – I want the very best of Beef & pork & no mistake                      [?(Dan Henry)]

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       5 mo 9 1843

                                    I am in want for the Ship Java 45 pcs Duck which you will please sent me on your very best terms as per memm at foot, if you have not all the kinds in hand & expect them soon it will do to send the balance a little while hence say the first of next month. I should prefer having but one bill for this article –

I am &

 

17 pcs D Brusgens [?]2 pcs 2nd quality  5 pcs half Duck 4 pcs H & 5 pcs L Ravens

79

 

To Cromwell Barnard                                       5 mo 12 1843

                        The Acct that I last rendered thee was not correct, the statement below will be wright balance due thee 4 m 9 1843 is $11.19 –

 

2 m 7   To Balance due me last statement                                                38.36

                        2 mo 2 Days Interest to 4 m 9 is                                      0.39

                                                                                                              38.75

2 m 13 To J[?] his Drft on R. L. Newbold for        150.00

            1 mo 26 Days Interest to  4 m 9 is                            1.40          151.40                       

            By [?] Drft on Shober & Bunting due 4 mo 9 for 61.50        $191.15

            By W. L Bakers Note due 3 m 27 for                 139.56

                        12 Days Interest to 4 mo 9 is                        .28

                                                                                                            $201.34

                                                                                                            $  11.19

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                               6 mo 19 1843

                                                Your favr of the 14th Inst came duly to hand in my absence – I did not get home until 7[?] Day evening the 17th Inst – I expect to go to New York to day shall return (I expect) on the 21st at which time you will please place $18,000 to the Credit of the Cashier of the Bedford Commercial Bank & send me a Certificate of the same – annex’d I hand you my Note for the above sum dated at the time the Deposit will be made-

I am &

 

                                                                                    6 mo 23 1843

Capt William Shockley

            Respected Friend

                                    The Ship Java is now again ready to proceed on her intended Whale voyage under thy command.  I have nothing to say in regard to thy cruising grounds, except that I fully approve of thy taking the same route as on the last voyage, if thee should not succeed in obtaining a voyage short of it – but I have no wish of confining thee to any particular cruising grounds, beleiveing thy judgement to be far superior to mine in this respect.  I wish thee to have especial care of the ship and all belonging to her, particularly the Mast heads- keep them filled with salt, keep the cable and shroud chains as free from rust as

80

possible. It is not necessary for me to say, to accomplish the object in view, viz a cargo of Oil strict watchfullness and perseverance must be maintained in that It would be most beneficial to the purpose of the voyage that there should be harmony and good feeling prevailing between the officers and crew is a thing I am well satisfied we entirely agree upon Should thee be so fortunate as to procure some sperm Oil before passing the Islands, and should have an opportunity for shipping it home please consign it, if to Boston to Josiah Bradlee & Co, New York to Hussey & Mackay, Philadelphia Shober, Bunting & Co, Baltimore to Thomas Whitridge & Co date the bills of lading at sea Should thee have occasion to draw on the owners for the ships use, thy drafts will be honored by them. Wishing thee a short & successful voyage and safe return to thy family and friends.

Assured Friend

Mathew Howland

 

Thomas Curtis (Boston)                        7 mo 24 1843

                                    I recd a letter from our mutual friends Fletcher Alexander & Co some time since advising of them having directed thee to pay me a balance of £14.3.3 due April 20/42 I shall be obliged by the adjusting the Amot & sending me a check on one of your Banks for the Amot for which I will return such a receipt as shall be requested –

I am

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                   7 mo 24  1843

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your sending me by the Rail Road 59 pcs Duck as per memm – on your best terms for Cash or Credit & oblige your &

            26 pcs D Brungens

            14 pcs     Zotoff

               5 pcs    Chipotskins

               8 pcs   H Ravens

               6 pcs   L   Do

            59  pcs

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                             7 mo 25 1843

                                                Your favr of the 25th June has just reached me & fully note its contents – Your A/C annex’d does not appear to me to be correct – your Drft on me for $792.78

81

has not been accepted by me – our former correspondence on the subject of Insurance on the Cargo of the Ship Nahant Cap Huffington will show you my views on the subject – I should have expected a different course in the adjustment of this matter

I am &

 

To Thomas B. Curtis (Boston)              7 mo 28 1843

                                    Thy esteemed favr of the 25th Inst I duly recd & have recd of J Dunbar & Co $70.02 the balance due me from Fletcher Alexander & Co of London agreeable to statement below which I trust will be satisfactory, if not, it shall be made so in every particular –

I am &

 

1842

4 mo 20  Balance due me         £14.3.3 Stg

                                                $62.94

            5 pCt Exchange               3.14

     15 March 6 ¼ pCt Interest     3.94

                                                              $70.02

 

To I. L. Judson             Albany             9 mo 25 1843

                                    Thy favr of the 19th Inst I have recd & Note its contents  I will give thee thy price for the 210 Bls Mess Beef agreeable to thy proposition but I must have such Beef as I describe suitable for a long Voyage the Voyage is likely to be 4 years we fit our ship for that ^length of^ time – the Beef must be in good stout Bls – I shall want 140 Bls of the Beef as soon as it will be suitable to pack such Beef – it can be sent by the Schr [?Leger] Capt Nye or one of the [?Gibbs’s] that run to this place – they bring flour for me at ¢2[?] Bbls I shall expect to pay them the same for the Beef – please send me 2 half Bls Tongues of large size this fall I am willing to pay extra for them – please say when I may expect the 140 Mess Beef

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       9 mo 26th 1843

 

                        Your favour of the 22c inst has been duly received & note your remarks respecting duck -  We have decided to use the twine duck & some of the Zotoffs in place of D Bruisgins the former of which we understand you to have for sale – As their is considerable competition in this article here I have no doubt from what I learn that the quantity of

82

duck I am in want of could be purchased on better terms here than of you. still I have decided to give you the preference presuming you will send it at the lowest prices you can afford it – I annex a memorandum of the duck we have concluded to use which you will please forward by Railroad and

26 pieces of 50 lbs Twine duck             oblige

34  do           Zotoffs

  9  do           Zoogins

11  do           light Half duck

  6  do           light Ravens

 

                                                            11 mo 6th 1843

To Capt John Munkley

            of the ship Corinthian

                                                The Corinthian is now ready to proceed to sea on her intended whaling voyage to the Pacific Ocean under thy command- the object of this voyage is a cargo of clean, white, pure sperm Oil – It is not necessary for me to say to thee, that, in order to obtain the object, the greatest attention & perseverance on thy part will be required, or that the greatest harmony should be maintained on board the ship, between the officers & crew, because I beleive on this point we shall both agree –

            I consider it of the greatest importance that the best feelling should be between the different members of the ships company, in fact the successful issue of the voyage almost entirely depends upon it, even with great watchfulness opportunities for taking whales may & will escape, whereas with harmony and good treatment, with a proper degree of watchfulness and perseverance a successful termination to the voyage (under Divine Providence) may be anticipated.

            The example of the master & other officers will also have a salutary & beneficial effect on the crew, or the reverse, as that example is good or bad – in short I would have you live like a band of brothers, those filling subordinate

83

stations always being subject to those in superior stations and those in superior stations maintaining those stations with dignity and manifesting to those under them that they consider them as men & respect them as such – I believe that good discipline may be better maintained in this way than by harsh, tyrannical treatment. I would by all means discountenance profane swearing, as I cannot beleive the practice is of any advantage & therefore no good can grow out of it & further I beleive that the immoral tendency of it is bad & may lead to unpleasant results – besides we are expressly commanded in the scriptures of Truth to “Swear not all, neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne, nor by the earth, for it is his footstool” – and again - :”That we should not take the name of the Lord our God in vain.”  It would give me much pleasure at the end of the voyage (should I be spared so long) to hear that the evil practice of swearing had ↑not↓ been tolerated or allowed on board the Corinthian – I have been led to make these remarks as they occurred to me, not from any apprehension or expectation that they are or will be required in the present case, for I am fully persuaded that  thou considerest the responsibility of the voyage thou art about to undertake, to be of as great magnitude as I do myself.

            It will be expected for thee to have a general care of the ship & all belonging to her, to see that everything is properly cared for & nothing improperly wasted or destroyed – keep  the iron work about the ship & cables as free from rust as possible – keep the provisions well coopered & the salt provisions properly filled with salt – it would be best to have the meat all taken up passing the low latitudes & resalt it if necessary – keep those parts of the ship occupied by the men (as well as other parts) clean & well ventilated, the health of the crew & of course their usefulness depend very much upon this – keep the mast heads filled with salt & bags of salt on all of them – keep the fresh water out of the ship as much as possible & keep her well painted – It is my express wish that the deck of the Corinthian, under all circumstances by day & by night should be in charge of a responsible officer & not left (as has been & still is the practice with some) under the charge of a boatstearer, of whom it is not expected they

84

will feel a responsibility equal to such charge.

            In regard to thy cruising ground I have nothing to say, leaving that entirely to thy own judgement & information which thou may from time to time obtain - If after the expiration of a reasonable length of time, there should not appear a probability of filling the ship with sperm Oil, I wish thee to endeavor to fillher with any kind of oil thou mayst be able to procure, as the more common kinds are preferable to empty casks or old shooks –

            I would very much like, if it can be done without detaining the ship when in port where the Fumana is found for thee to procure a stock of suitable size for a windlass, if that cannot be done, smaller pieces suitable for windlass ends or caps may I think be obtained without difficulty, but I would not by any means have thee to go on purpose, but presuming that in the course of the voyage thee might happen to be in that part of the country where that kind of wood grows I have made the above request –

            In approaching the land thou wilt please be very much on thy guard & not take any unwarrantable risk with the ship, as there will not probably be much if any insurance on her – If in the prosecution of the voyage it should become necessary for thee to draw on the owners for supplies for the use of the ship or crew thy drafts will be honoured –

            Shouldst thou be so fortunate as to obtain any Oil before passing the Island & have an oppurtunity to ship home, thou wilt please date the bills of lading “at sea” & consign it if to Boston to Josiah Bradlee & Co, New York Hussey & Mackay, Philadelphia Shober Bunting & Co, Baltimore Thomas Whitridge & Co.

            Wish thee health, prosperity & a short & successful voyage & safe return to thy family & friends

I remain with much respect

thy assured friend

George Howland Jr.

 

To D & A Kingsland & Co                   11 mo 15 1843

                                    Enclosed I hand Bill of Oil sent you by Direction per the Ship Rodman Capt Lipon & the

85

Schr Cornelia Capt [blank]as per bill of Ladings the Rodman is ready to embrace the first wind & the Cornelia will be ready in the morning – I have marked the Oil O & the Head H – I have likewise agreeable to your request marked 100 Bls [diamond with H] #1 [?] 15 agreeable to bill enclosed (Amounting to $37016.85) – I came as near to 100 Bls as I well could it falls 1 Gll short – what Cash you wish to pay on Acct of this Oil please deposit it at the Fullen Bank to the Cr of T B White Cashier of           Bedford Commercial Bank & send me a Certificate of the same & for the Balance for the bill (if any) please send me your Note or Notes agreeable to Bill – I should have replied the Bill had I not concluded you would prefer my acknowledging the receipt of the money & Notes when they were recd

I am &

 

To William Frost & Co             12 m 21 1843

 

                        Annex’d I hand you Invoice of 147 Boxes Candles shipd per Schooner Cornelia to New York there to be reshiped to New Orleans you will please receive them & sell the Candles to best advantage for my Acct & remit me the proceeds when accomplished & oblige &

 

To Cromwell  Barnard              12 mo 23 1843

                       

                        I wrote thee in the 5 month last giving thee a statement of our affairs up to that time making a balance due thee of $11.19 – since which I now give thee a further statement to this time making a balance due thee of $2201.34 – 12 mo, 1843  this amot I endorse on thy Note, which I hope thee will find correct –

 

4 m 9 1843      Balance due thee per statet 5 mo 12 last            11.10

                        Interest to 12 mo 1 is 7 mo & 22 Days             0.43

5 m 17  “          3 Shares in the M & M Bank Nantucket      225.00

                        Interest to 12 m 1 is 6 mo & 14 Days                 8.25

       18  “         Half a House                                               1450.00

                        Interest to 12 m 1 is 7 mo & 13 Days             53.89

       20 “           Recd a [?] Dividend of C & Thayer                 108.91

                        Interest to 12 m 1 is 7 mo & 11 Days                 4.22

      22 “            12 Shares in Nantucket Steam Boat Co        300.00

                        Interest to 12 m 1 is 6 mo & 9 Days                   9.45

                        Amot due [?] C Barnard 12 mo 1 1843     $2201.34

I am &

86

 

To Boorman Johnson & Co (New York)                                              12 mo 29 1843

                        Your favr of the 27th Inst was last evening recd & note its contents – your favr of the 2nd of Oct my Son says was recd in my absence & by some means has been misplay’d – the Amot of the Nahants Cargo on which Alexander Barclay & Co made Insurance was £3473.8.10 & as I remitted them to meet this Cargo £3500 at 8 ¾ pCt amounting to $16858.32 – I take this sum & calculate 2 pCt on it for the Amot I am willing to pay them – altho’ they have no claim on me to pay any thing – they were not authorized by me to make Insurance – I have made no Insurance for many years 15 to 20 & their would have been none on this Cargo had they not made it without direction – I now hand you a Check for $337.16 for Alexander Barclay & Co ‘s claim on me – you will please acknowledge the receipt of the same & Oblige your &

 

To Barrows & Prior                             1 mo 12 1844

                                    your favr of the 9th Inst with A/C annex’d has been duly recd – the balance as stated by the Acct due me of $362.26 – I have this day drawn for in favr of T B White Cashier which please honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To William Frost & Co                         4 mo 18 1844

                        Your favr of the 15th Ulto with A/S & A/C annex’d was duly recd as likewise a Drft on W Frost for $1194.74 at 10 Days which↑is↓when paid balance of the Acct & is correct & my Books are in conformity – I shall this season have Oil & Candles & hope you may be in want –

I am &

 

To Shober Bunting & Co                                  4 mo 5/44

                                    Your favr of the 16 Ulto with A/S & A/C annexd has been duly recd showing a balance due me of $902.12 which is correct & my Books are in conformity this balance I shall draw on you for ere long & this note will be my only advise of this bill – I have no Oil yet whitened for market altho my Men are now at work on it & as soon as I have some ready for market & an opportunity presenting I shall send you some –

I am &

87

 

To John Little (Carlisle)             9 mo 20 1844

 

                                    On my return home this week after an absence of about 6 weeks I found thy letter of 7 mo 29 with its enclosure which I immediately sent to Boston for sale, the proceeds will be forwarded S[?Samuel] Foster & L[?Elisha] Jones as soon as recd agreeable to thy request per the relief of Jane Kindred – I accompanied our Dear friend J Peare to Ohio Yearly Meetg which he attended to good satisfaction to himself & his friends, I left him on the 13th Inst he would proceed for Indiana Yearly Meeting taking Meetgs on his way to that meeting – his health was reestablishe’d fully I think – he is very acceptably & [?]fully among us –

I am &

 

To Joseph R Williams                           9 mo 20 1844

                                    I have recd of letter from John Sleeper of Galesburgh Michn stating that land in Kalamazoo County supposed to belong to me was advertised to be sold to pay Taxes – thee will of course see to it – I presume it cannot be so – I am disappointed in not yet hearing from thee in the adjustment of my Note against you for which I had reason to expect it ere this by what had pass’d between us when thee was last in New Bedford – please not delay further – life is uncertain with us all – I hope to hear from thee soon –

I am &

 

To William Frost & Co             1 mo 4 1845

 

                        I have sent agreeable to Invoice & Bill Lading (which I now hand you) to Boston which has been shipd per the Ship Kentucky Capt Rogers 207 Boxes Candles 107 of which are first rate Taut pressed Candles to your address – you will please receive the same & do the best you can with them & remit me when convenient – the taut press’d Candles had better be sold without much delay on acct of the weather altho they were made in our hot weather & will stand the weather about as well as Nantucket Candles however they will speak for themselves –

I am &

 

To William Frost & Co             6 mo 3/45

                                    Your favr of the 25th Ulto was duly recd this day with a Drft annexd on William Frost for $1283.95 which when paid will be placed to your Cr – the Candles were sold to the greatest sacrifice I ever had anything sold –

I am &

88

 

To Capt Owen Fisher                           6 Mo 24 1846

            Respected Friend

                                    The ship George Howland is now ready to proceed to sea on her intended whaling voyage to the Pacific Ocean under thy command-

            The object of this voyage is a cargo of Whale and sperm Oil, as much of the latter as it is possible to obtain though we had rather Whale Oil or any other than empty casks or old shooks.  In order to obtain this object, thee must be aware that the greatest attention and perseverance on thy part will be required and that the greatest harmony should be maintained on board of the Ship.  It is considered by us of the very greatest importance that the best feeling should exist between the different members of the ships company, in fact the successful issue of the voyage almost entirely depends upon it.  Even with great watchfulness, opportunities for taking whales may and will escape, whereas with harmony and good treatment with constant watchfulness and perseverance a successful termination to the voyage (under Divine Proidence) may be anticipated.                        It will be expected for thee to have a general care of the ship, and all belonging to her, to see that everything is properly cared for, and nothing improperly wasted or destroyed –

            Keep the iron work about the ship and the cables, free from rust as possible, keep the provisions well coopered, and the salt provisions well filled with salt. It would  be well to have the meat all taken up while passing the low lattitudes and resalt it if necessary. Keep those parts of the ship occupied by the men (as well as the other parts) clean and well ventilated. the health of the crew and of course their usefulness depends very much upon this. Keep the mast heads filled with salt, and bags of salt on all of them, keep the fresh water out of the ship as much as possible, and keep her well painted.

            It is our express wish that the deck of the George Howland, under all circumstance by day and by night

89

should be in charge of a responsible officer, and not left (as has been and still is the practice of some) under the charge of a boatstearer of whom it is not expected, they will feel a responsibility equal to such charge. In regard to thy crusing ground I have nothing to say, leaving that entirely to thy own judgment and information which thee may from time to time obtain

            In approaching the land thee should be very much on thy guard and not take unwarrantable risk with the Ship.  as there will not probably be much if any insurance on her.  We do hope in the prosecution of this voyage, thee will have no occasion to draw on the owners for anything for the ship but if thee should the drafts will be honored.

            Should thee be so fortunate as to obtain any Oil before passing the Western Islands, and have an opportunity to ship it home, thee  will please date the Bills of Ladin at sea and consign it if to Boston to Josiah Bradlee & Co. if to New York to Hussey and Murray, Philadelphia Shober and Bunting & Co. Baltimore Thomas Whitridge & Co.

            Wishing thee health, prosperity, and a short and successful voyage, and safe return to thy family and friends

I remain thy assured friend

 

                                                New Bedford 7 mo 30, 1846

 

Walter Bridge

            Respected Friend

                        Capt Howland of the Golconda sailed on his last voyage just before the receipt of thy letter of the 30 August 1843, and has not returned, and is not expected before the latter part of 1847. I regret the circumstances of the Flour which Capt Howland sold at Ralgo. I am of course entirely ignorant of the facts of the case and am very unwilling the settlement should be referred. But what can I do without Capt Howlands statement of the case. Please write

90

me the form of a discharge which thee will give and Bill of settlement, should I conclude to pay the bill, as I should wish to hold thee responsible should Capt Howland disapprove the settlement.

I am thy assured friend

 

To Joseph R Williams  Michigan          8 mo 12 1846

                                    Thy letter of the 4th Inst was last evening recd & note its contents – it is different from what I expected to pay money instead of receiving it – but the Tax must be paid & thee can draw on me to do as stated – their has been great advantage heretofore in purchasing the securities of the State to pay Taxes with – I trust thou art aware of every thing of this kind & will avail of it of course

I am &

 

To D  & A Kingsland & Co                  11 mo 18 1846

                                    Annex’d I hand you bill of Sperm Oil – sold you last week – A K Seabury & Co have recd the same – the accts from England is very favourable for Sperm Oil – it will now I think go to a Dollar – you will please send me your notes for the Amot of the bill at 2, 4, & 6 months or 3, 4 & 5 Months or 2,3, 4,5 & 6 months which ever will suit your convenience best – putting the odd Dollar in the middle Note –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       6 mo 25/47

                                    Your favr of the 21st Inst has been duly recd & note its contents – I shall be obliged by your sending me the Copper as per memm at foot & oblige your friend  George Howland

 

            3 Cases 24 oz  [penciled in 81] 243

            3    “      26                           76]           228

            2           28                           72]           144

            3          30                           68]           204

            2          32                           61]           122

            2          34                           56]           112

                                                                      1053 sheets       

91

To Caleb Smith                                    7 mo 31 1846

                        I have recd thy letter dated yesterday & note its contents – I am willing to let thee have 150 Bbls [?Crude] Sperm Oil from the Cornithians Cargo as was shown thee, provided thee furnishes me with thy drafts on & accepted by A R[?]ue &  Co of Boston or their letter of Cr to that effect agreeable to thy terms of 3,4 & 5 months with the Interest added at ¢1 per Glls – I have no doubt of thy responsibility as to payment, but I wish to have the matter settled before the Oil leaves this place, as it is my rule of business to have it settled at the time of the delivery of the goods to thee can settle the matter with William H Chase if more agreeable –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co           6 mo 27th 1848

                        Your favour of the 26th inst I have duly recd you will please send me a suit of Copper for the Java as at foot.  I hope you will send me the 34 oz if it is to be had in Boston, or any part of the number of sheets ordered as we wish to copper the ship immediately, and if we can get a part only of the 34 oz which will be under water it will answer our purpose for a few days –

I am &

2 Boxes            34 oz    112 sheets

4  “                   32  “     244  “

2  “                   30  “     136  “

2  “                   28  “     144  “

2  “                   26  “     152  “

2  “                   24  “     162  “  

                                    950 sheets

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       7 mo 26 1848

                                    Your esteemd favr of the 25th Inst has been duly recd & note its contents – I am sorry to say it is not quite convenient to remit you at this time – we have here the ^crew of the^ George & Susan to pay [?] the Oil does not sell just at this time – the Amot to pay the Crew is large – I will take for the George & Susan the Copper as per Memr below – you will please not send it yet – we will inform you when wanted  I am &

 

4 Case 34 oz    224      2 Cases 28 oz  144}

3   “      32        183      3   “       26       228}    1145 sheets

3  “       30        204      2   “        24      262}               

                        611                              534

92

                                                            10 mo 1847

 

Capt George Armington

                                    The Ship Corinthian is now ready to proceed to Sea on her intended Whaling voyage to the Pacific Ocean under thy command.  The object of this voyage is a cargo of clean, White, Pure sperm Oil, to obtain which it is almost unnecessary for me to say that great exertions and the most untiring Perseverance will be required on thy part, as I believe it is only by these means that the object can be attained.

            Although I am a strong advocate for the maintainance of discipline and good order on board the ship, yet I would have that discipline and good order kept up by mild rather than by harsh means, fully believing that good treatment of men will more effectually conduce to that and than the reverse. I am decidedly opposed to calling men by any other than their own names, swearing at them, or in short treating them in any other way than becomes men, remembering that we are all alike in the sight of him who rules the universe. It is my express wish that the deck  of the Corinthian shall be at all times by day & by night, under the charge of a responsible officer, and not left as has been the custom under the care of a boatsterer. Thou wilt also please be very careful in approaching the land, to keep the lead in frequent use, and not take any unwarrantable risk with the ship, as there will not probably be any insurance on her on owners account, and do not at any time allow many natives on board.

            I wish thee to have a general supervisory care of the ship and all on board of her, keep her as clean as practicable and well ventilated, and the fresh water out as much as possible. Keep her well painted, the iron work and cables as free from rust as may be, keep the mast heads filled with salt and the bags of salt on them, look well to the meat especially in crossing the low latitudes & the other provisions & materials in casks, and have them well coopered.  I would recommend to thee to save the salt from the meat barrells that you may empty & either use it for the meat that may remain & require salt, or put it into the ship in her air streak         In regard to thy cruising ground I have nothing to say, leaving that to thy own judgment

93

& information which thou mayest from time to time receive. If after cruising a reasonable length of time and not seeing a prospect of filling the ship with sperm oil, thou shouldst think it best to take Whale or other oil, thou art at liberty to do so, in which event be very careful to keep it entirely separate and marked, so as to be easily distinguished when landed.

            I would like if thou should touch at any of the islands where the “Turmana” can be obtained readily, for thee to procure a piece of sufficient size for a windlass if practicable, if not smaller pieces for caps etc. . Wishing thee a short and successful voyage & safe return to thy family & friends

I remain &

I think it exceedinly important that harmony & good feeling should exist throughout the ship, the successful prosecution of the voyage very much depends upon it.

 

[There is a logbook for this voyage in the Kendall Whaling Museum Collection Log #60, Reel #6. There is also a logbook in the New Bedford Public Library]

 

                                                            New Bedford 4 mo 28 1849

Capt Abner Tucker of Ship Hope

                                                Having learned from several sources that the ship Hope was stranded sometime in 4 mo last year, & from subsequent information that thou art making attempts to get her up and repair her, without regard to cost, or whether it is practicable to do so or not, and not feeling satisfied with the course thou hast pursued in relation thereto, we have authorized James M Clendon to take charge of the ship, appurtenances & cargo & close up the business as soon as practicable. Thou wilt therefore follow his directions implicitly, in all things relating to the ship, and appurtenances & cargo, and if he shall think it most proper for himself to take the entire charge of the whole concern & discharge thee from any further responsibility, he has our authority so to do, in which event thou wilt deliver to him every thing in thy possession belonging to said ship, appurtenances & cargo

            We think that upon reflection thou wilt see the propriety of our adopting this course, as we are desirous of having the business closed up without further delay, or sacrifice of property

And are thy friends

94

 

                                                New Bedford 4 mo 28th 1849

James M Clendon

                        Respected Friend

                                                Herewith we forward to thee a power of Attorney to represent the interest of our Father George Howland, in all matters growing out of the wreck of ship “Hope,” and the property in any wise connected with said ship.  In his absence we have executed in his name the power of Attorney having full authority so to do, as thou wilt see by an authenticated copy of George Howlands power of Attorney to us. It is exceedingly difficult for us to frame instructions for thy proceedings in this matter, owing to the uncertainty in our minds, of what is the present condition of the ship, appurtenances, cargo or Captain, but we have full confidence in thy ability & integrity to determine upon and prosecute the means best adapted to promote the interest of our Father. We have been induced to believe from what we have heard from the Bay of Islands, that Capt Tucker is not prosecuting the most judicious measures in relation to the ship, but we have not believed that his conduct was influenced by any fraudulent or sinister purposes; and we have therefore given him instructions to consult thee upon all his future acts, and implicitly to obey thy directions.  If thou shoulds’t deem it proper to retain Capt Tucker in the command of the ship thou wilt do so; but in this thou wilt be governed by thy own sense of propriety. As to the repairs of the ship, our opinion upon the best information we can get is that the Hull of the ship is nearly or quite destroyed by worms, & of course will be impracticable to attempt to do any thing about repairing it, but to dispose of it to the best advantage. The Cargo thou may ship either to us here or to London to Baring Brothers & Co for account of George Howland, whichever course may appear best at the time. Thou wilt please settle all reasonable demands which may exist or accrue against the ship or cargo, & either sell some of the Oil to meet the same, or draw on us for the amount after the Oil is shipped, whichever may be most advantageous to the owner.    Altho we are entire strangers to each other, yet from the best information we have been able to obtain, we have ventured to send the accompanying power of Attorney, and register (as proof of Property) that thou may be able to act effectually in this case, ( a most disastrous one to the owner, he

95

having no insurance on the ship) and do all that can be done to bring it to as favorable an issue as possible.  We are almost ready at times to think that Capt Tucker cannot be in his right mind to pursue the course we understand he has & proposes to do. viz to repair the ship for another cruise.  If these accounts are correct we should be in favour of discharging him immediately, but these matter we must leave to thy own best judgment.

            We have been apprised that thou has been acting hitherto as the agent of Capt Tucker & have been led to fear, that his instructions to thee have been of such a character, that thou couldest not fully exercise thy own judgment.  We have therefore clothed thee with authority which will enable thee to determine for thyself, and act upon that determination without the control of Capt Tucker

We remain respectfully

thy friends

 

                                                            New Bedford 5 mo 1st 1849

Baring Brothers & Co

            London

                        Respected Friends

                                                            Herewith you will receive some documents relating to the wreck of the ship Hope, at the Bay of Island New Zealand, which you wilt please forward to their destination by the earliest & readiest conveyances of course sending them by different conveyances as marked

            In our instructions to James M.Clendon we have directed him to ship the Oil (if not already done) either to us here, or to ^London consigned to^ you, for account of our Father George Howland, who is the^sole^ owner of the ship, & is ^who^now in England & will probably call on you when in London, where he expected to be in the course of the present month.

            The writer of this, George Howland Junior, you may recollect, was in London in the spring of 1845 in company with his brother Robert B & had letters to your house from Grinnell Minturn & Co. New York. We will forward the duplicates by next steamer.

            Your attention to the above will confer a favour on our assured friend

George Howland Junior

Attorney to George Howland

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                                                New Bedford  10 mo 23, 1849

Baring Brothers & Co.

                        Respected friends,

                                                Your favor of the 17th  of August last was duly received and contents noted. Also yours of the 5th inst announcing for the first time the Arrival of the parcels of Oils transhipped from the Cargo of the Hope and informing me that the Sales thereof had been effected at £80 per ton which is satisfactory. I am a little surprised at your delay in informing me of the arrival of the vessell with the Oil, as I have been anxiously awaiting it for some weeks and although I had had some information from other sources that the Oil had arrive, yet I could not place confidence in it as I  beleived you would inform me of it at the earliest moment.

                        I trust you will transmit at your earliest convenience your a/Sales of the Oil and A/C and much oblige

Your Assured friend

                                   

                                                            New Bedford 11 mo 19, 1849

John G Deblois

            Respected Friend

                                    Annexed I send thee an Acct of the settlement of Ship Ann Alexander’s voyage and thy Acct with said ship, with a check on Providence for the Balance, which any of the Banks in Newport will give thee the money for. Some of the Oil being so dark colored it was impossible to sell the Cargo at the highest prices.               Please inform me by return of mail of the receipt of this Balance and say if the Acct is correct & satisfactory and oblige

thy Assured friend

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                                    New Bedford 12 mo 4, 1849

Barring Brothers & Co

            Respected friends

                                                Your esteems favors of the 9th & 16th ultimo the former covering A/Sales of 338 Casks sperm oil per Thomas Fielden, and the latter your A/C showing a Balance in my favor of £4183-4-4 have been duly received.

            The A/Sales are satisfactory and appear correct, excepting that I presume you made an error in charging me a guarantee Commission, when there could have been no risk, it being a Cash sale. this I trust you will rectify.

            As regards James Busby’s demand of a Commission upon the oil, I cannot accede to it, as Capt Tucker has employed an agent at the Bay of Island who has informed me from time to time of what has transpired, and whom of course will be paid he being employed  by Capt. Tucker. therefore I cannot consent that Busbys demand should be

            Allowed On account of the above Balance I drew on you the first inst at 30 days date in favor of George Howland Junior three setts of Exchange of One thousand Pounds each and one sett of Eleven hundred & fifty Pounds making altogether £4150 all of which you will please honor & place to my Acct Should there be any letters to your care for me please forward them here.

 

To John Wilkinson                                6 mo 11 1850

            of Philadelphia

                                    Thy letter of the 27th Ulto was duly recd & its contents noted – Capt Tucker has not yet return’d home – the Hope has been entirely abandoned & is a total loss to me without any Insurance – when Capt Tucker returns I shall be able to settle with thee & will do so to thy satisfaction I have not recd any communication from thee before the Oil that was saved has been sold but I have not yet recd any acct from Capt Tucker or the Agent that has been assisted him in the business of the Ship at the Bay of Islands –

I am &

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                                                New Bedford, 8 mo 13th, 1850

Simon Wilkinson Jr.

            Respected Friend

                                                I have this day drawn on thee in favor of Baring Brothers & Co of London, for the Balance which thy Acct states £1007.12.2 to be due me, which thou wilt please honor and place to my Acct

            When Capt Tucker returns I shall be enabled to say I presume, that thy Acct is agreeable to your understanding, and that it is, so will be Correct.

Thy Assured friend

 

                                                New Bedford, 8 mo 23th, 1850

Baring, Brothers & Co

            Respected Friends

                                                Enclosed I hand you a Sett of Exchange on Simon Wilkinson Jr. Sydney, at 30 days for £1007.12.2 Stg per Sale. This is a balance due me from him by his Acct. I have no way of negotiating the amot with any one here – will you be so good as to negotiate this Amot in a way that will result nmost to my Interest – please do with it as you would were it your own – this kind of business is very much our of our reach – The proceeds please place to my Credit in Acct, And much oblige

Your Assured friend

 

                                                New Bedford 10 mo 25th 1850

Baring, Brothers & Co

            Respected friends

                                                Your esteemed favour of the 11th inst I have duly recd & the contents noted – I have this day drawn on you in favour of Matthew Howland at 60 days sight for Nine hundred and fifty Pounds sterling – which Amount please honor and place to my Acc

Your assured friend

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Josiah Bradlee & Co                            3 mo 24/51

                                    Will you please send me the following Sheathing copper on the same terms as the last sent-

 

            2 Boxes 32 oz Yellow Mettle

            1   Do    34          Ditto

            3   Do    32      Copper

            2   Do    30         “

            2   Do    28         “

            3   Do    26        “

            2   Do    24        “

            1   Do    22        “

           16 Boxes – by first conveyance &

much oblige your friend  George Howland

 

                                                            8 mo 15th, 1851

William Hobbs Jr

                        One my return from an abscence of about two weeks I found thy letter of the 4th inst respecting Illinois Lands. I have some lands in that State and have some time since written to a friend in that State on the subject – I should be glad to avail of thy Agency, and when I can find I am at liberty to do so I will write thee-

Thy assured friend

 

                                    New Bedford 11mo 12th 1851

Josiah Bradlee & Co

            Respected friends

                                    Your favor of yesterday with Account current enclosed came duly to hand.  The A/C appears correct and Annexed I hand you Check on Suffolk Bank, Boston for Seventeen hundred & forty five 80/100 Dollars Amot of Balance due you.

Respectfully your friend

 

[Page 100 blank]

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Letters hereafter Copied are in reference to the settlement

of the Estate of George Howland and connected with it –

 

                                    New Bedford 5 mo 31st 1852

Dear Samuel [Parsons – brother-in-law]

                        Thy favour of the 28th came duly to hand and in reference to it, it is enough for me to say that we are surprised at the contents – The amount due Susan per account on Book principal & interest will vary but little from $7000 – thee can drawn on George and myself (we being attorneys for the Executors) for the $3000 at as short time as thee chooses & the draft will be duly honored & charged to Susan’s a/c when that is balanced the Trustees will pay over her income at their discretion accomodating her as much as they can consistently - Susan has had full permission to purchase a suitable horse & Carriage for herself and we cannot see why this business between us should cause it to be withheld as it was not required that you should advance the money – but the moment you ↑we↓ were informed of the purchase the Amount would have been sent – Notwithstanding some of the expressions in thy letter and however plainly we may express our views to one another I hope and trust we shall not suffer any feelings of ill will to separate us in the least from each other – The trust conveyed to us is a delicate one & we hope to exercise it with prudence and perform all our duties to the best of our abilities – Interested persons should be cautious in judging us as we are determined to act with the best motives for the interest of those with whom we have to do – A copy of the Will will be send you in a few days-

thy affte brother

Matthew Howland

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                                                New Bedford 7 mo 3d, 1856

 

George B. Merriam      [U.S. Consul at Valparaiso]

            Respected friend

                                    We are in receipt on the 29th of last month of thy letter bearing date 5 mo 12th 1856 announcing the very unexpected and saddening intelligence of the death on the 2 of that month of Capt Augustus Lawrence of our Whaling  Bark Java.

            Although Capt Lawrence was not a rugged man, his health had very considerably improved at the time of his sailing from this port in the 12th month last, and we ^ were^ little prepared to hear of his decease at an early a date. A statement of his death, together with the circumstances attendant upon it, were conveyed to his family soon after its reception here.

            Thy counsel to John Martin now acting as master of the ship, to cruise on the coast and call occasionally at the most frequented Ports for advices, is very satisfactory to us.

            We are making arrangements to send out a suitable man to take command of the Ship, and think it quite probable he will sail by the Steamer from New York on the 5th of next month (August)

            Our plans are to have him go directly to Payta and meet the ship there, and we would like to have thee convey to John Martin such intelligence and have the ship at Payta by the 5th or 10th of the 9th month (September) if possible. if any other arrangement should be entered into by us we will convy thee immediate information. We shall write thee again tomorrow and hope to be enabled to give thee a more definite statement as to the party we shall send out. We have written John Martin directed to thy care, and would be pleased to have thee forward the letter to him at thy earliest convenience

Thy assured friends George & Matthew Howland

By Edward S. Taber [clerk]

103

                                    New Bedford, 7 mo 3, 1856

John Martin

            Respected friend

                                    We are in receipt of letters from George B. Merriam U.S. Consul at Valparaiso, conveying the very unexpected and saddening intelligence of the death of Capt Augustus Lawrence. An event unexpected, as death always is, and saddening all the more from its having occurred in a Foreign land remote from his family, though not we judge from the accounts received apart from the kindly offices of friends.

            While thee finds thyself placed therby in as new and more responsible situation we hope that thee may be enabled so satisfactorially to continue all matters connected with the ship as shall promote the prosperity and proper issue of the voyage.

                                    Matthew Howland is absent from the City and requested me to write his views as to the arrangements under the present state of affairs.

            The consul writes that he shall desire thee to cruise on the [blank] coast and call at the most proper Ports from time to time to receive accounts from ourselves, a course both proper and satisfactory.

            We are making calculations to send a good and responsible man to take command of the Ship, and shall specially endeavor to make such arrangements as may prove satisfactory to thyself and to the other officers and Crew. It is probable that the person we may send will start from here about the first of August by the steamer of the 5th of that month from New York, and be at Payta about the first of September, and if thee should receive this account at any other Port than Payta, we would like thee Should so calculate as to sail and reach Payta about the 5th or 10th of September, where the Capt we send will meet the ship. Undoubtedly it will occur to thee that it is very desirable under the present charge of affairs that thee Should be particularly watchful over the crew, to keep them united and interested for the ship and

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specially desirable if thee should have occasion to visit Valparaiso to keep the crew aboard of the ship, and make as short a stay there as is possible, as we deam it the worst Port on the coast for difficulties with Crews.

            We shall write the Consul at Valparaiso the import of this letter as it concerns thy touching at Payta, and hope that his counsel and advice, with such arrangement as we may be enabled to make, may prove acceptable to thyself, and that our endeavors coupled with thy judgments and discretion may prevent any serious drawback to the interests of the voyage, as they have been interrupted and are connected with the very melancholly intelligences we have received.

Assuredly they friends

George and Matthew Howland

By Edward S. Tabler [clerk]

 

                                                New Bedford, 7 mo 4, 1856

George B. Merriam Consul

            Respected friend

                        Thine of the 12th of May informing of the death of Capt Lawrence of ship Java came duly to hand- This sad event is another warning to us who remain of the great uncertainty of time.          The unwelcome intelligence was immediately forwarded to his friends. Since writing thee yesterday I have arranged with Capt John R. Lawrence who commanded the Java last voyage to take charge of her again. He may possibly leave here by the steamer of the 5th of next month (August) if not by the one of the 19th, and may possibly reach Payta early in the 9th month (September) I would like thee to order the acting master of the ship Martin to touch off Payta and communicate with the consul in relation to the arrival of Capt Lawrence any time after the 1st of 9th month (Sept). should capt  Lawrence not have arrive, it would be better for him to keep at sea, than lay in Port on account of the Crew. Thy attention to the above will confer an additional favor on thy assured friend.

George Howland Jr.

105

 

                                    New Bedford 8th mo 30th 1870

Capt J. W. Stapleford

            Respected friend

                        Your letter dated Melbourne June 18th also telegram from “Galle” were duly received and contents noted – We have taken into serious & weighty consideration the subject of your health and the facts and cause of hour having to leave the ship as near as we can from your letter and that of Mr Brooks and we are decided that the best thing we can do for all interested is to send another man to take charge of our bark George & Susan and finish the voyage. We exceedingly regret on your Account as well as our own that circumstances have rendered this step necessary, but now it is our sincere & candid judgement & wish that you should give up the charge of the George & Susan to Capt F. A. Smith & return home – We trust you will render Capt Smith every facility in your power towards his taking command of the ship and ascertaining the true position of things on board – We have instructed Capt Smith to furnish you with such pecuniary aid as may be necessary for your return home to your family & friends

Respectfully

Matthew Howland

George Howland Jr.

106

 

                                    New Bedford 8 mo 30th 1870

J. F. Brooks

            Respected friend

                        We received your letter of May 27th informing us of Capt Stapleford’s physical condition and his removal from the ship, and that you had taken command and was bound on a cruise to return to “King George’s Sound” in November at which time you desired us either to have instructions there ordering you to take charge or send some man for that purpose which you preferred- Now about the time of receiving your letter we received one also from Capt Stapleford stating that he had recovered his health and should endeavor to return to the ship as soon as possible – In order to prevent your having any difficulty in this respect we have agreed with Capt Frederic A. Smith the bearer of this, to go out and meet you at “King George’s Sound” in November and have given him full power to take charge of the ship & pursue the voyage and we hope & trust you will obey his requests in every particular and aid him in every way you can not only in puting him in command of the ship, but afterwards in bringing the voyage to a favorable termination – Capt Smith has sailed for us before and we have the utmost confidence in him & believe you may confide in him in every respect – Hoping to hear of your having been successful the last cruise and taken some oil also that Capt Smith has had no difficulty in reaching the ship. We remain

Respectfully

Matthew Howland

George Howland Jr.

[Transcriptions converted to HTML format by Mark Procknik, 31 January 2012]