George Howland Letterbook

1824-1837

Preface to the Transcriptions:

These letter books are part of the Howland Collection [Mss 7] in the Old Dartmouth Historical Society Whaling Museum Library in New Bedford, Massachusetts. The collection contains the business records and personal papers of the Howland family covering the years from 1790 to 1890. Members of the family were primarily involved in mercantile activities and the whaling industry.

George Howland
George Howland was born on November 7, 1781 in the Long Plain section of what is now Acushnet, Massachusetts. The Howlands had been among the earliest settlers in Old Dartmouth and George had numerous relatives in the area. At the age of 16 he began his career as an apprentice in the office of William Rotch Jr., one of the three leading New Bedford whaling merchants and shipping agents of the day. In 1797 George Howland began keeping a financial journal to record his own business affairs. (His financial journals, ledgers, cash books and other records which supplement the letter books are also a part of the Howland Collection.) He began building his career by investing in the ventures of other merchants and buying small shares in local ships. He acquired a 6/32 share in the ship George in 1802 and by 1803 had become principal owner of that ship holding a 5/8 share. He later acquired or had built for the merchant trade the Robert Barclay, Savage, Elizabeth, Ann Alexander, Howland, George and Susan, and the Hope. For many years George Howland’s ships carried freight and cargos from New Bedford, New York City, and Norfolk to a number of European ports including Dublin, Liverpool, Cadiz, Leghorn, Archangel, etc. and imported a variety of items, so it is not surprising to find him writing about “our Atlantic market” in his letterbooks. George Howland was successful despite the challenges to shipping imposed by the Napoleonic Wars, the Jefferson Embargo, and the War of 1812.

In 1817 George Howland began sending ships on whaling voyages. Some were converted from merchant use, others selected specifically for whaling. His whaling vessels included the George and Susan, Golconda, Ann Alexander, Hope, Cortes, Java, George Howland, Rousseau, and Corinthian. (A variety of records, including outfitting books, bills of exchange, bills of lading, and crew accounts for these ships are included in the Howland collection.) George Howland continued to send cargos of oil to Europe, especially to Bremen and Rotterdam; he imported Swedish iron as well as English-made try pots, which he sold to other merchants in the whaling industry. He also sent oil and candles to his American agents in Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.

On September 29, 1803 George Howland married his cousin, Elizabeth Howland, the daughter of John Howland. George and Elizabeth had three children: George and Elizabeth M., who died young, and George Jr., who at age 14 entered business with his father and went on to be a prominent public figure in New Bedford, serving as mayor from 1855 to 1865. Elizabeth Howland died on December 12, 1806.

On April 26, 1810 George Howland married Susanna Howland, the daughter of Cornelius Howland. George and Susan, as she was known, had 14 children, 8 of whom died young. The children who survived into adulthood were: Augustus, who lived in Scipio, Ledyard and Syracuse, New York; Elizabeth, who married William Chase of Salem; Massachusetts; Matthew, who entered business with his father and his half- brother; Charles Wing, who first lived in Union Springs, New York but later moved to Wilmington, Delaware; Susan R., who married Samuel Parsons of Flushing, New York; and Robert Bowne, who spent much of his adult life in Union Springs, New York but returned to New Bedford in his later years.

The New Bedford directories of 1836, 1838, 1839, 1841, 1845, and 1849 provide considerable information about George Howland. All but the 1849 Directory list him as a merchant and all list him as president of the New Bedford Commercial Bank. All show his home at 75 Walnut Street, at the corner of 7th Street. They list George Howland’s counting house office at 122 North 2nd Street and a wharf near-by at the foot of North Street. The 1836 Register shows a second wharf owned by George Howland at the foot of Union Street; later directories list this location as Merchants Wharf and today it is known as State Pier. Starting in 1838 a candle house and oil manufactory owned by George Howland are listed at the same North Street address as his office. In addition to his shipping and whaling activities, George Howland had other interests. He was the principal owner of the Weweantit Iron Company in Wareham, Massachusetts. He was on the board of Directors of the New Bedford and Taunton Rail Road Company during the 1840s. All of the Directories show George Howland serving as a trustee of the Friends Academy in New Bedford.

After George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland joined their father’s shipping and whaling business, the firm became known as George Howland and Sons. The letter books show George Howland that became less active in the business during the 1840s. Letters of direction to whaling ship captains from 1843 onward were signed by George Howland Jr., or Mathew Howland rather than their father.

George Howland died on May 5, 1852. At the time of his death, his estate, which had a net value of $615,000, included 9 whaling vessels with a book value of about $300,000 and a replacement value that could have been close to $1,000,000.

The Letter Books
There are four letter books, all with board covers and leather spines. The first, a volume 8 ½ by 10 inches, covers the dates from July 16, 1803 to March 3, 1811. It has 188 pages. The second letter book is 8 5/8 by 15 ½ and covers the period from March 4, 1811 to December 28, 1823. This book has 260 pages of letters plus 7 pages with information about postage costs. The third letter book, 7 15/16 by 12 15/16 inches, runs from January 1, 1824 to January 20, 1837. It has 158 pages of letters, but the last third of the book is blank. The final letter book is 8 1/16 by 12 15/16. It contains 99 pages of letters related to George Howland’s business during the period from January 27, 1837 to November 12, 1851. In addition, there are 4 pages of material following the notation “letters hereafter copies are in reference to the settlement of the Estate of George Howland and connected with it.” Two additional letters written by George Howland, Jr. and Matthew Howland and dated August 30, 1870 deal with replacing the Captain of the George and Susan while it was in Australia; the relationship to George Howland’s estate is not evident. The last half of this book is blank. Matthew Howland’s letter book for the years 1858 – 1879 is available at the Baker Library, Harvard University.

“In the eighteenth century bound blank volumes were used to record out going correspondence. Many authors used such letter books as a convenient place in which to draft their correspondence, recopying the final version on a separate sheet for mailing, while others copied texts into their letterbooks from the final version of the letter.” (Mary-Jo Kline, A Guide to Documentary Editing, 2nd ed., Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1998, pages 97-98.) Evidence suggests that George Howland used both approaches in his letter books. The presence of insertions and deletions, as well as a number of spelling errors, suggests that Howland’s letters in these books were frequently draft versions rather than a final copy.

The early letters in these books would have been written by George Howland himself or copied by the clerk. In later years George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland were also involved. Two other Howland sons, Augustus and Charles W., made letter book entries on at least a few occasions. The work of several individuals is evident from the variations in handwriting, the abbreviations used, and other stylistic elements. Following the recommendation of Kline (A Guide to Documentary Editing, p. 123) for transcribing correspondence, the transcriber has not attempted to standardize most of the spelling or the abbreviations since these, along with the handwriting, can provide useful clues to the identity of the person who wrote a given letter book entry. However, in order to make these letter books more easily searchable, the transcriber has spelled out (and corrected when necessary) the names of the people and businesses with whom George Howland corresponded as well as the names of places and of ships. The words whale, sperm, and spermaceti are always spelled out. Other words are spelled out when an abbreviation is not obvious.

The largest group of letters involves George Howland’s business correspondence, especially with Cropper Benson & Company, Fish & Grinnell, Josiah Bradlee & Company, Post & Grinnell, Post & Russell, and W.E. & E. B. Laurence & Company Letters of instruction to his captains, both for merchant voyages and for whaling voyages, are included. There are a few letters related to family matters. An index showing the recipient of letters in each book is available.

The letters frequently involve financial dealings with drafts or bills of exchange. These were a means of paying debts in distant places without the risk of sending cash. Drafts are requests for one person to pay another and to charge the amount to the person who makes the request. Arithmetic books from the early part of the nineteenth century often have sections about this process. See for example, Frederick Emerson. North American Arithmetic. Part Third for Advanced Scholars. Boston: G.W. Palmer & Co., 1838, pages 216 – 220, which is available in the Whaling Museum Library.

These letter books use many of the abbreviations that were common in the businesses of the time. These include:
                                                                                                           Act or acc = account
                                                                                                           A/C or a/c = account current
                                                                                                           A/S or a/s = account sales
                                                                                                           Bbls = barrels
                                                                                                           Cr or Ct = credit
                                                                                                           Cwt = hundred weight
                                                                                                           Drft = draft
                                                                                                           Favr = favor
                                                                                                           Frt or frght = freight
                                                                                                           Hhds = hogsheads
                                                                                                           m = thousand
                                                                                                           Recd or rec’d = received

The letter book writers often used initials instead of the full names of individuals or businesses. When subsequent information or research has made the identity clear the transcriber has replaced the initials with the full name. When there is a “best guess” the transcriber has retained the initial and followed it with a bracket showing a question mark and the most likely identity. In the remaining cases the initials remain unchanged.

The transcriber has retained the practice of the writers of most of the earlier letters who used a dash rather than a period to show the end of a sentence. Similarly no attempt has been made to begin sentences with a capital letter if the letter book writer did not do so. Readers will observe that the writing in the letterbooks gradually changes over time and becomes more like contemporary writing style. Closings in the early letters were usually shown as “I am &” but there were some variations. Later letters were often closed “Thine &” or “Thy assured friend.” All of the closings have been transcribed. Datelines rarely showed the location of the writer; New Bedford is assumed. The variations in the datelines have been retained by the transcriber.

The transcriber has not made any systematic attempt to annotate the letters. Information about additional sources that supplement the content of the letters, such as the location of a logbook for a voyage or other related documents, has been included when found. The library and the transcriber welcome any information that readers can provide about the people, events, and places mentioned in these letterbooks.

Preface and transcriptions by Ruth Ekstrom
New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library

 

Transcriptions: January 3, 1824 - January 20, 1837

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James Bennett                                                              1 mo 3rd 1824

 

                                    Thy letter of the 27th ulto with a receipt for the balance of the A/C inclosed  I duly rec’d. Inclosed I now hand 60 Dollars agreeable to my promise in a former letter the head matter which thee mentions was included in the settlement of the Golconda’s voyage in which thee has rec’d thy share. I am satisfied that the shipping paper is of no use to thee in collecting any demand which thee may have against any of the crew, but should it be I will forward thee any declaration from it which thee may find necessary.  I dont wish to let any of the Golconda’s papers go out of my hands – I am now threatened with a prosecution from several of the Golconda’s crew for their share of the oil obtained when they left her, they say they left the ship for the preservation of their lives.  I suppose they will swear for one another to accomplish their object, it will be necessary to be prepared for them I wish thee to get a receipt from such of them crew as may fall in the way as a final settlement of the voyage.  I wish thee to send me a copy of all the A/C thee may have against the crew, that I may make up the A/C against them that I can to meet them in the event of their making any attempt, which I cant think they will, but should they succeed in proving that they did leave from fear of their lives as they assert and should recover the owners remedy must be against the master-

 

Secy,  NEM Insurance Office                           1 mo 7th 1824 –

 

                                                Please give me your terms for Insurance on the ship Golconda, on a Cape Horn whale voyage, she sailed from here 9 mo 8th 1822, & has been heard from in the Pacific Ocean. She is insured at the office here, on one half of her as low as any ship, which was done at the time of her sailing. I should like to have 8 or 10,000 dollars effected on her if your terms will answer, likewise 5 to 10,000 dollars on the George & Susan, I have a letter from Capt Upham dated Feby 23rd 1823, then 17 months out, with 1300 Bbls oil, she will bring near 1900 Bbls & may be expected in the course of 2 or 3 months.  She is a good ship & in fine order, coppered to the bends & can be & is insured here on as good terms as any ship, an early reply will oblige.  Etc

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John Waters                                         1 mo 10th 1824

 

                        Thy esteemed favour of the 8th I duly rec’d. I heard from the Golconda by the ship Columbus, which ship arrived here last summer, Capt Brock who is brother to Capt Peleg Brock of the Golconda informed me he had spoken a ship that had seen the Golconda with some oil, but how much, he could not tell, she had just then got round on the coast – I expect her to cruise in a high longitude & would not be likely to be seen by passing ships – ship valued at $12000 & outfits $12000 premium included – if you please you may give a policy on her for $8000 equally on vessell & outfits at your terms say 4 ½ per cent –

            Capt Upham of the George & Susan writes me from the Galapagos islands Feby 23rd 1823 that he had recruited his crew & had taken in a quantity of terrapin & should cruise a few days about the islands & then proceed to the westward and if he should not be successful to fill his ship without he should go on upon the Japan coast, in the event of which it is not likely he will be here before spring – it is not at all to be wondered at that she has not been heard from indeed I dont expect it till she comes. I should not think it strange for her to arrive before the month is out – neither should I be disappointed should she not arrive in 4 months a whaleman is never considered out of time untill we have known of their having put away for home, you will please give me a policy for $5000 at your best terms, ship & outfits valued the same as the Golconda, altho I consider her more valuable. I have so much confidence in both ships and masters that I shall continue at my risk very considerable amounts on each ship – should you wish any further particulars they shall be communicated –

 

James Hall Esq.                                                            1 mo 15th 1824

 

                        Thy esteemed favour of the 13th inst covering Policy of Insurance on the Golconda & George & Susan with premium of Notes for the same I have rec’d.  I now return the premium Notes enclosed signed – the George & Susan was built on Aponagansett river about 3 miles to the westward of this place, of the best materials of our neighbouring country, salted & her timbers, beams & knees bored & pickled, much pains taken in her building. she was built in 1810 – in 1821 I had her upper deck, waterways, plankshead & outboard plank

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taken off to her waist, we found her very sound put on a new deck, plankshead etc new sheathed & coppered her to the bends, thoroughly overhauled her in every part, some new masts & spars with 2 new chain cables (one stream & one bower cable) etc etc. & when done we considered her equal to a new ship – any further particulars which may be wished will be cheerfully communicated –

 

John R. Harwood                                             2 mo 8th 1824

 

                                    Thy favour of the 29th ultimo was duly rec’d, with a draft on Luther Wilson for $27.30 annexed which draft was this day paid, the amo’t to thy credit –

 

Fish & Grinnell                                     2 mo 12th 1824

 

                                    Will you have the goodness to inform me whether sheet iron from 1/8 to ¼ of an inch thick could be obtained in New York, suitable for taught press plates, the size is about 18 by 24 inches – sheets that would cut this size to advantage should be prefered, an early reply will much oblige yours etc.

 

D. Wilkinson & Co                                           2 mo 13th 1824

 

                                    Your favr of yesterday with bill of screws annexed I rec’d this evening. I stated to your D. W. Wilkinson when here that A & [?I] W had offered me the screws at 18¢ 12 months credit with interest after 6 months, when he

offered me your screws at 20¢ same credit.  I think your D. W. will recollect this conservation if he will recur to what passed between us.  One reason of my accepting your terms, at the increased price in preference to A & [?I] W was having an opportunity of communicating personally & giving my ideas in the plan of the plan of the taught press screw follower & box to your D. Wilkinson. I must consider the credit as above stated –

 

D. Wilkinson & Co                                           2 mo 20th 1824

 

                        Your favr of the 12 inst I duly rec’d & notice its contents – I have concluded (under existing circumstances) to pay your draft, altho unexpected at this time, & not quite so convenient at this time on that account – provided we can fix on the discount. I notice you make the average time for three

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months credit to be 8/11 March when the screws were not delivered till the 3rd of Jany last.  I considered the credit did not commence until the screws were all delivered, for until then I could not (if I had agreed to pay cash) paid for them.  It was a much greater disadvantage to me in not receiving the screws when I expected them than three times the value of the interest on the time of credit.  I calculate but about two months of three credit will have elapsed when your draft will become due – I shall be willing to pay the draft to you allowing 2 pr ct discount say $12. you omitted to have gains, for the guide bars cast in the side of the cast Iron plate which holds the composition box to the taught press.  the expense of cutting these gains which is $7 you will Presume be accountable for –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                                         2 mo 26th 1824

 

                        I have rec’d this evening a letter from my friends at Gottenburg from the Abby M advising of their having shipped me by that vessell to the care of Adams & Amory, Boston 3 Boxes containing sheet Iron – will you have the goodness to do the needful for me & ship the boxes to me by the Pomona.  I am a stranger to Adams& Amory or I would not give you this trouble – please send me by the Pomona 4 pcs Ravens 1 pc half & 1 pcs 2nd quality Russian duck. I expect to want more duck soon. please say what you can send me 4 or 5 tons first quality hemp at –

 

W E & E. B. Lawrence                                    2 mo 28th 1824

 

                        Annexed is James Howlands letter to you requesting the balance of his account placed to my credit which you will please do.  Your letter of the 7th Nov last I a short time since rec’d & I may say the contents of which give me deep regret I have done business with you for nearly or quite 20 years & I dont believe my A/C with you or the nature of my transactions has been such as to warrant for a moment the belief of my ever wishing to overdraw my acct. – you acct can be closed & the balance collected at any moment you may wish it.  I had good reasons to suppose that all the money which I have drawn for would be in your hands – I have for the last five years endeavoured to avoid having much of any balance laying in your hands for one reason only that of allowing only 3 pr ct when 5 pr ct ^interest^ was charged in the

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same years acct – which is the only instance I know of of two rates of interest being calculated in the same acct – I even have had the most exalted opinion of your friendship toward me & deeply regret that any thing should have occurred at this late hour to have marred it in the least –

 

Fish & Grinnell                                                 2 mo 28th 1824

 

                        Your favr of the 20th inst I duly rec’d by the same mail I rec’d a letter from A. Norrie agent of Alexander Barclay & Co from New York saying he had rec’d advices from Gottenburg, stating that the sheet iron which I ordered by the Hope was shipped by the Abby M. for Boston, which vessell has since arrived – when A Norrie was here he had heard nothing of the order which led me to conclude it has escaped the notice of their house & that I should not be likely to receive the plates in time for my business – as they have now arrived I am obliged to you for the trouble you have taken to procure me the plates required & shall not need any further supply for the present at least – please forward the enclosed letters by different convyances -

 

D. Wilkinson & Co                                           3 mo 9th 1824

 

                                    Your favr of the 25th ulto I duly rec’d with regard to the expence of $7 for cutting the cast iron collar for guide bars, I am fully of the opinion you ought be bear the expense- I believe you have cast them with places for the guide bars, if so, then had you not ought to have ascertained whether this was not expected to be so cast before it was cast – your sending the draft for the follower left no doubt in my mind, with respect to the collar being cast as was expected – you will please send me the amount

of discount etc. by return mail which will be in time to meet your draft – I feel no disposition whatever to urge anything improper respecting the expence on the collar –

 

James Hall Esq                                     3 mo 9th 1824

 

                        The ship Ann Alexander, Capt M. Bowen was spoken on the Brazil Banks the 7th of December last wanting only about 350 Bbls of being full - & as premiums were now

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very low I thought that 1 per ct would be in proportion with other risks for the risk on the Ann Alexander home from that date, if you should be of the same mind please send me a policy on her for $10,000 – half on vessell & half on cargo of whale oil – ship Ann Alexander was coppered to ballast  prior this last voyage ship values at $[?],000 & cargo the same, she is a small ship brings only about 1000 barrells –

 

James Hall Esq                                     3 mo 12th 1824

 

                        Inclosed I return the Premium Notes signed, for the Policy on the Ann Alexander –

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                                            3 mo 15th 1824

 

                        I shall be obliged by your sending me by first conveyance 1 small cask 3d, 1 ditto 5d & 1 ditto 20d nails - I want but a small cask of each kind of nails particularly the 3d & 20d . I should be glad to receive your acct –

 

Oliver Fales                                                      3 mo 28th 1824

 

                        Thy letter of the 13th inst I duly rec’d & note its contents.  I should have sooner replyed to it if I could have decided anything respecting lime.  The masons here have wished me to procure your lime for them, they are not able to lay in a stock.  I don’t expect much will be wanted here this season I think there will be less building than last year, however to accomodate them I am willing to say I will take 400 casks lime at $1.24 per cask to pay half the money when the lime is delivered & the remainder when I have sold 100 casks – I think this quantity would be a great supply for the season, should it not I would take a further quantity, should there be any proposal for a market for it.  Should thee conclude to send the lime I should like to have it as soon as may be as some is now wanted please send it in good casks & in good order –

 

Benjamin Salter

Benjamin Robinson                                                       4 mo 2nd 1824

Duncan MacRoe

J Howell Esquires    Your favor of the 22nd ulto I last

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evening rec’d & note its contents.  I have had but little personal acquaintance with the gentlemen in question but I can unhesitatingly say I believe them entitled to the first of moral characters – I have always considered the Son a pious young man – the reports with you respecting them are totally without foundation as far as my knowledge of them extends – as to their religious qualifications you must not expect me to say much.  I have but little opinion of the religious character of any man who is willing to retail the Gospel for money, but, I believe they are entitled to respect from those who respect men in their stations – the fathers congregation here was made up of very respectable families –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                                         4 mo 10 1824

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 12th ultimo I duly rec’d & if you now have first quality Hemp on hand I shall be glad to have two tons sent by the first opportunity – likewise 10 Bbls No 1 Beef – please say what you can sell about 8000 lbs first quality Whale bone at, or a less quantity, I have that quantity by the Ann Alexander –

 

Fish & Grinnell                                     4 mo 10th 1824

 

                                    Please send me by first opportunity 5 Bbls prime Pork – the Ann Alexander is in with a full cargo of oil & about 8000 lbs Bone, please say what you can sell this quantity at as it is of good quality – I shall commence loading the Hope with the oil immediately for which vessell I want the Pork – please forward the enclosed letters by first conveyance -

 

Sturenberg Cankrien & Co                               4 mo 10th 1824

 

                                    I have a ship in this day from the Brazil Banks with a cargo of Sperm oil.  I shall commence loading the Hope in a few days with the same. I at present intend sending her to Rotterdam, you will please be prepared to do the best you can possibly with it should she arrive safe in your port.  I feel a hope you have been able to realize your

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expectations for the balance of the Hope’s last cargo –

 

Sturenberg Cankrien & Co                               4 mo 19th 1824

 

                        The Hope is now loaded & ready for sea with a cargo of Sperm oil to your address as per Invoice inclosed- I shall rely on your doing the best you can for my interest in making sale of the cargo. I intend the Brig to proceed to Gottenburg for Iron for a return cargo, you will please open a credit with my friends there for 200 tons of iron agreeable to the memorandum below at the most favorable price for exchange. I wrote you on the 10th inst advising of my intention of shipping this cargo – I wish the balance of the porceeds of this cargo (after paying for the iron etc.) remitted to my credit with my friends W. E. & E. B. Lawrence London – I wish you to give Capt Howland every dispatch you can & likewise advise my friends at Gottenburg as early as your convenience will allow of the Hope’s arrival at your port –

 

20 tons 1 ¾ inch flat

30  “     2      “      “

40  “     2 ¼   “     “

50  “     2 ½   “     “

20  “     2 ¾   “     “

20  “     3       “     “

20  “     3 ¼   “      “

200

 

Cornelius Howland                               4 mo 19th 1824

 

                        The Hope is now ready to embrace the first favorable opportunity to proceed to Rotterdam thyself Master, on thy arrival there thee will deliver thy cargo to Sturenberg Crankien & Co & then proceed for a cargo of Iron of 200 tons agreeable to the memorandum below, to Gottenburg & thence to this port- on thy arrival at Rotterdam thee will request Sturenberg Crankien & Co to give immediate information to Gottenburg of thy arrival at Rotterdam & of thy intention of proceeding there for a cargo of iron & request them to have it ready upon thy arrival – thee will use every dispatch to render thy voyage as short as may be & with as little expence as possible, should iron be much lower in Stockholm I think it will be well to go there in preference for it, wishing thee a pleasant voyage & speedy return –

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William Fessenden                                            4 mo 21st 1824

 

                                    Annexed I hand thee my acc’t with Amos & [?Susex] which hope will prove correct & satisfactory, Amos got more money from me than I intended but I could not get clear of him – I have charged him nothing for money advanced before sailing.  I enclose a check of $143.07 the amot of the balance of both accts – if thee should wish a further statement of the voyage etc it will be furnished –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                    5 mo 8th 1824

 

                                    You will please send me by first conveyance 8 pcs first quality Russia Duck, 2 pcs second quality ditto, & 10 pcs Ravens duck –

 

Fish & Grinnell                                     5 mo 14th 1824

 

                        I shall be obliged by your sending me by first conveyance 12 barrells Prime Pork

 

Fish & Grinnell                                     5 mo 22nd 1824

 

                        Since writing you a few days since I find the Ann Alexander is in want of a new fluke rope.  I have found that small chain cable is the best thing for that purpose.  I shall be obliged by your sending me 40 fathoms of a small chain of 9 or 10/16 of an inch size, if you cannot send one of this length you will come as near to it as you can – I have about 100 Bbls Whale oil left on hand more than the Hope could take please say what you can sell it for as likewise sperm oil & Candles – candles I have none at present, but shall have ere long –

 

James Hall Esq (N&M Ins Company)   7 mo 5th 1824

 

                                    Annexed I hand thee a check on the New England Bank for the amo’t of my two premium notes on the George & Susan & Ann Alexander, which thou will at thy leisure return to me cancelled – please say what you would write the Brigs Hope & cargo of oil at – she sailed from this port on the 20th of the 4th no for Rotterdam, from thence she would proceed to Gottenburg for Iron & return to this port –

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To Capt Timothy Upham                                              9 mo 14 1824

 

                        The George & Susan is now ready to proceed on a Cape Horn Whale Voyage under thy Command thou will commence & prossecute the Voyage to its termination with as much perserverance & dispatch as the nature of the Voyage will admit of -  I shall not confine thee to any particular Cruising ground in the Pacific Ocean, but shall leave that to thy best judgment – recommending thy recruiting the ship at such places as is least visited & least likely for men to desert – thee will find Fanning Island a good place for water & some other things – I wish thee to write me by every opportunity & if thee should take any Oil before leaving the Cape Verde it will be best to send it home if possible – & should thee have occasion to draw on me for any supplies & to the Ship thy drafts to a reasonable Amot will be honoured by me – wishing thee a pleasant voyage –

I am &

 

James Hall Esq                                     9 mo 19th 1824

 

                        The Brig’t Hope,  Cornelius Howland Master was expected to sail from Gottenburg about the 12th of July with a cargo of Iron for this port. ^It is [?Mates]^ by a letter rec’d by my neighbour, Seth Russell & Sons from Amsterdam that the Hope & Clitus was at Gottenburg on the 16th July, the Hope is a strong good vessell, & will not be heavy loaded, she was built at Newbury port, I purchased her of Adams & Amory.  I presume they will be able to give any information that may be wanted respecting her – she is a moderate sailer – if you will write her on the same terms as the Clitus, please send me a policy for $8000 half on vessell & half on cargo vessell valued at $4000 premium included –

 

            The George & Susan sailed on the 15th inst on a cape Horn Whale voyage please say what would be your best terms for Insurance on her for the voyage –

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John Waters                                                                 9 mo 23rd 1824

 

                        Thy favor of the 21st inst I last evening rec’d – you will please send me a policy on the George & Susan for $8000 at the rate of premium stated – the same Master & valuations as the last policy –

 

            The Hope is a veselll that makes long passages last year it was 75 days & the year before it was 90 days, it is not yet time to expect her, the Clitus will undoubtedly arrive before her & she has not yet arrived – I should like for you to send me a policy on her for $5000 to $10000 on vessell & cargo or wholly on cargo (should you prefer it) at the rate of premium you have been writing such risks at –

 

James Hall Esq                         9 mo 28th 1824

 

                        Thy esteemed favor of the 25th inst with Policy on the George & Susan annexed I rec’d last evening as likewise the premium note for the same which I now return signed – the Hope has not yet arrived neither has the Clitus, the winds have been unfavorable for some time past blowing from NW to NE – I notice the Clitus was spoken with on the 15th inst in long 59º she is considered a much faster vesell than the Hope- the Hope is a very light span’d vessell& very burthensome carries a great cargo & sail heavy when loaded – those that have been in her say she is a very substantial & to every appearance a very strong good vessell – she is well found with sails & rigging, her lower rigging new ↑& to [??]↓ since I purchased her in Boston 3 years ago – both of her cables chained – I have no Insurance on either vessell or cargo – I feel no more uneasiness for the safety of the vessell than if she left Gottenburg 30 days since, but still she is liable to accident as any other vessell & I expect to pay a little more for thus delaying my insurance – I should be willing to pay 1 ¼ per cent for $5 to $10,000 – I dont wish to insure more than this –

12

 

Fish & Grinnell                                     12 mo 8th 1814

 

                                    I have sold Robert Robinson 100 boxes of candles which I have put on board the sloop Rosetta, which are to be delivered to him or order when he has sent me from Newport a satisfactory note for them, as he is an entire stranger to me, I referred the business to a friend of mine at Newport to receive such a note for the candles as he shall consider good, the candles I wish you to hold until you hear from me, they may remain on board the vessell a day or two, in which time no doubt you will hear from me –

 

Robert Robinson                                  12 mo 12th 1824

 

                        Thy favor of the 9th inst I rec’d last evening as likewise one from E. W. Lawton with thy Note for the 100 boxes candles inclosed – the packet left yesterday about noon I annex a receipt for thy note which when paid will be in full payment for the 100 boxes candles –

 

Fish & Grinnell                                                 1 mo 5th 1825

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice of 76 Boxes Candles, which you will please receive & dispose of for my acct, at a price that will nett the Invoice-

 

            I shall be obliged by your placing at my credit with Edward Cearns Jr Liverpool One hundred Pounds sterling on the best terms you can & inform me the amot which I can remit or place to your credit with the bank- please forward the accompanying letters by different conveyances & much oblige your friend –

 

Edward Cearns Jr                                 1 mo 5th 1825

 

                        I have requested my friend Fish & Grinnell of New York to place to my credit with thee one hundred pounds sterling for the amount of which please send me 140 gallon trypots of the same description as thou hast

13

sent me heretofore – the refining kettles were duly rec’d in good order & much to satisfaction & I have to regret that my business is not of importance to thee –

 

Adam Norrie                                        1 mo 5th 1825

 

                        I have a letter from Alexander Barclay & Co with my acct of the Hope’s cargo stating a balance due them of  [?] 2130.36 Swedish Banco which they requested placed to their credit with Douglas Anderson & Co of London, if they should not receive any further liberty to draw on my friends at Rotterdam, of which they would inform me, I have no further advice from them – but I have rec’d my acct with my friends at Rotterdam in which I find they had not paid any draft of Alexander Barclay & Co- please say if thee would receive the balance, & if so please say the amount that would cover the balance in American currency, or if more agreeable I expect to send the Hope out again in the spring, when the balance may be adjusted at Gottenburg, of which please

write me –

 

W. E. & E. B. Lawrence                      1 mo 5th 1825

 

                                    Your favor of the 15th April last I duly recd & from the unpleasantness of the subject I have thus delayed a reply – I have very much to regret that any thing should have occurred in the least to have interupted or marred the good feeling subsisting between us – In your letter of the 11th June 1823 you will find by refering to it gave me great expectations of the Hopes cargo (which must have arrived about that time) to have sold well & would have left a balance more than sufficient to have paid the balance due you & to have paid my draft for £500 spoken of in your letter of the 7th Novr 1823 – in which letter I cannot but find by the sentiments expressed you were fearful I should make a further draft on you, that you should be apprehensive of my drawing on you beyond the property placed in your hands, was what

14

excited a deep feeling in me, which never before occurred from nearly 20 years business, & now only from peculiar circumstances-

            I do think if you would attentively read your letter of the above date you would find such a feeling was conveyed, but if it was not intended I regret your letter should have been thus expressed.

 

                        the above letter was not forwarded - 

 

To W. E. & E. B. Lawrence                             1 mo 5 1825

 

                        Your favr of the 15th Apl last I duly recd – if your letter of the 7th Novr 1823 was not intended to have conveyed such feeling as I apprehended was expressed I regret I should have thus construed them – I expected J[?James] Howland, Balance would have been £200 instead of about £4 0 which was his expectation until he recd your A/C – I have been expecting to have made you a remittance before  this – Exchange has been higher than I have been willing as yet to pay – I expect to send the Hope out in the Spring with a Cargo of Oil (should the Ann Alexander arrive safe) when or before I hope to make you a remittance in the meantime to receive my A/C with you when I shall have the standing of it –

I am &

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                                        1 mo 18th 1825

 

                        Your esteemed favor of the 10th inst with A/C inclosed , balance due you of $2563.83 to new acct which appears correct & my acct stands in conformity – should you start the winter oil into Bbls, please return me the casks

            I am in want of small second hand sperm oil casks of from 40 to 100 galls, as likewise bbls, please say if you could procure some this winter & at what price – I am in want of 6 or 8 tons best Hemp & a quantity of Russian & Ravens Duck & No 1 [?Beef] etc please say the best terms you will supply me at –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                                        2 mo 1st 1825

 

                        Your favour of the 20th ult I duly rec’d – you will please send me 10 tons of your hemp by first opportunity at your terms – I should like to have some small casks & bbls – could you not engage them without being to the trouble & expence of

15

moving them untill an opportunity presents to send them around – I shall want a quantity of Duck soon & likewise Beef –

 

Adam Norrie                                        2 mo 1st 1825

 

                        Thy estemed favour of the 13th inst I duly rec’d – I am in expectation of procuring some Exchange of one of my neighbors, in the event of which I should remit it direct, if not, I shall defer it until spring.  I did expect Alexander Barclay. & Co would have written me further on the subject, as they have not & as thou hast no instruction touching the business, I shall feel myself at liberty to defer untill spring, if it should xxxxx out↑prove↓ to be more convenient – I have been confined for near three weeks with a sore on my leg – I shall be pleased to hear from thee & remain &

 

John R. Harwood                                 2 mo 1st 1825

 

                        I am in want of a quantity of good Hhd & Bbl & some Pipe staves, please say if they can be had at Norfolk, at what price & what they could be freighted at –

 

 

Josiah Bradley & Co                            2 mo 4th 1825

 

                                    Your favour of the 3rd inst I this evening rec’d – I am in want of some Hemp for immediate use for the Golconda, which I expected to have processed at $170 & fully made up my mind to have taken your hemp at the time I rec’d your letter, but my having been confined, prevented – I want & must expect 8 tons of hemp of you & hope you will be willing to put it at less than $185 as I have been a good customer & expect to continue to want much more Russia goods as well as other goods – I should like to have a part of the hemp to come by the Eliza Barker & the remainder may come next month when the risk will not be so great & if the Eliza Barker should not be able to get full of freight, she may take some small casks & bbls for me –

16

 

Josiah Bradlee  & Co                                       2 mo 8th 1825

 

                        Your favor of the 7th inst I have rec’d – if it should be more consistent with your engagements to let me have 10 tons, instead of 8 tons hemp I should like it, as that is about the quantity I shall need please send me 2 or 3 tons hemp by the Eliza Barker, with 100 lbs twine & 10 pcs Ravens Duck – if I can ascertain in time from my sail maker what Duck I shall want for the Golconda, I will write you that it may come by this conveyance – please write me if there should be any variation in the price of Duck from what you sent me –

 

E. C. Berry, Esq                                   2 mo 9th 1825

 

                        I have recd though my friends at Washington city, Van Zandt & Rockwell, thy receipts for the tax on my lands in Illinois, viz “State of Illinois, Auditors office, Vandalia, November 15th 1823 –

            I certify that George Howland has paid the sum of sixty six Dollars being the amount of the tripple tax on five quarter sections of land for the years 1818 & 1819 and that he is entitled to a credit of fifty two dollars – and that the sum of forty four dollars & eighty cents has been applied to the payment of the tax for 1821-

1822 – 1823 – 1824 on the SE 23 10 N, 4E - SE 35 – 10 N, 5 W-

NE 11 – 10 N 3 W – NE 32 – 9 N, 2 E – NE 36 – 9 N, 2 W –

NE 35 – 6 N 26 & SE 8 – 6 N, 4W & that he is entittled to a credit of seven dollars & twenty cents to be applied to future taxes                            E. C. Berry Auditor”

 

            Please say whether the tax for 1820 has been paid & if so how much & whether it is an omission its not being included in the above receipt – please excuse me the liberty I take in making these inquiries as I wish my information from a correct source – I now enclose a New York five dollar Note, which with the balance due me seven dollars twenty cents will I hope be suf-

17

ficient for my tax for the present year – have the goodness to say if I may in future forward the amount of my tax direct to tee & what will be the amount if I may so do –

 

N. B. Van Zandt                                   2 mo 9th 1825

 

                                    Thy favor without date, sent under cover by E. [?Cutts], I recd some little time since inclosing a receipt for the taxes on my Lands in Illinois stating a balance due thee of $2.20 – I sent you late firm One hundred dollars at three different times for the purpose of paying my taxes on Illinois lands – please give me a statement of the whole transaction between us in this business & what ever balance is due shall be immediately forwarded –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                            2 mo 16th 1825

 

                                    If the Eliza Barker is well found as to sail, rigging, cables anchor etc. & a good pilot, you may send me in addition to what I have hertofore requested 32 pcs [?Brusgins] (best) Russia duck & 10 pcs best Ravens duck – as this is the most critical season of the year, you will please not send the above duck , unless you are well satisfied with the condition of the Eliza Barker, they may be sent by the next opportunity –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                            2 mo 16th 1825

 

                        Your favor of the 14th Inst with bill of Landing & bill of Hemp, Duck etc. annexed I have duly rec’d I notice you have omitted 10 ps Ravens Duck which I requested in my Letter of the 8th inst – you will notice I requested the articles in my letter of 10th inst in addition to what I had before requested – you will please send me 10 ps more of Ravens duck by the Eliza Barker should this be in time, if not first you can send it by next oppor↓

tunity

18

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                    2 mo 16th 1825

 

                                    You will please excuse me if I should again say that I should be very glad to have my Acc’s put in train for settlement –

 

James Bryant                                        2 mo 16th 1825

 

                                    I have been confined since the receipt of thy letter of the 14th ulto & have not had an opportunity to see J.[? L.] Russell, Esq. on the subject of thy letter.  I fully believe that the taxes have been regularly paid on all the land I have had in the town of Rochester

            I have not nor never had a 46 acre lot in Rochester- I believe there is some mistake in this business, could this business be investigated, & it should prove that thou hast any claim on any land of mine, I should be willing to adjust it with thee on amicable terms, & I further believe that $16 is more than the land would sell for, should it be sold – wood land in Rochester is not worth much –

 

James Hall Esq.                                    2 mo 18th 1825

 

                        Annexed I hand thee a check on the New England Bank, for three hundred & sixty one dollars the amount of my premium note on the Golconda, which thou will please send me at thy leisure –

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                    2 mo 19th 1825

 

                        Your esteemed favor of this day I have duly rec’d with your A/C as well as that of the late firm of Crocker Bush & Richmond annexed, which agrees with my accts excepting the following items, vis

            ½ cwt Iron hoops over chd Decr 9, 1822                      $3.13

            over chd on 1 ton of hoops June 25th 1823                      5.00

            pd expences carting & storing iron 1 mo 1823     6.25

            ditto from store to whart 5 mo 1823                                5.25

                                                                                                19.63

                                                              your balance            652.20   

                                                                                           $ 670.91

19

 

If correct you will please credit my acct with the above items when our acct will agree – please say if you will send me hoops at $100 per ton to balance our accts, at which price I have & can purchase them –

 

John R. Harwood                                             2 mo 20th 1825

 

                                    Thy favr of the 14th inst I have recd. I want good thick stout seasoned staves, any quantity of Bbls not exceeding 5 m of hhds 10 m & pipes 3 m if in purchasing or shipping it should be should more convenient to vary the quantity some it can be done for the amot of which, thee can draw on me here, if more convenient draw on me payable in New York or if quite as covenient to thee, Provided remit thee the amot in a drft on New York I should be glad to receive the staves soon, as my coopers are nearly out of stock –

 

Fish & Grinnell                         2 mo 20th 1825

 

                        I shall want for the Golconda copper sufficient to copper her say 850 sheets, as at foot some time in the 4th month - we are now repairing her & expect to have her ready to heave out by that time

            I shall be much obliged by your purchasing the same when in your judgement it may be the most favourable time as likewise 75 bbls prime pork – the pork will not be wanted as soon as the copper – your attention to the business will much oblige –

 

230 sheets 28 oz – 200 – 26 oz  200 – 24 oz  200 – 22 oz

 

J & J Pratt & Co                                              2 mo 23rd 1825

 

                        Please inform me by return mail if you can furnish me with 4 or 5 tons hoops on the same terms as the last, by having the amount endorsed on your note – I am in immediate want of the hoops say one ton 5d & four tons 4d

20

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                                2 mo 23rd 1825

 

                        Your favour of this day I have recd – I a little time since had 2 tons of

hoops from the Wareham factory at $100 per ton at which time I was urged to take more at the same price – (24th) I have this day purchased several tons of hoops at $100 per ton 6 months & expect to get what I shall want for the season at the same price

 

J & J Pratt & Co                                              2 mo 25th 1825

 

                        Your favour of yesterdays date I have duly rec’d since writing you on the 23rd inst I have purchased a few 5d hoops of  [?S] R & Low, what they had on hand, which will answer my purpose for a short time & will accept your offer to furnish me the hoops requested in mine of the above date, at your terms say 10 or 12 days & if it should be even a little longer I expect they would be in time – the 5d hoops are what I most want for immediate use –

 

Fish & Grinnell                         3 mo 2nd 1825

 

                        Please send me by the first conveyance 150 feet 5/8, 50 feet 6/8 & 50 feet 7/8 of an inch copper bolts – 16 Bbls tar & 4 bbls rosin for ship Golconda

                        I shall be obliged by your remitting to my credit with W.E. & E.B. Lawrence, London £650 Stg on the best terms you can & for the amot youwill please draw on me, or I will remit the amot, or you may place it to my acct for the present at your choice if there should be any prospect of Exchange being any better in the course of two weeks, you can delay the purchase – the Copper for the Golconda will be wanted the first of next month – please say what an English chain cable can be procured at of 1 1/8  inch & likewise an American of the same size about 75 fathoms long –

21

 

Blackwell & McFarlan                          3 mo 2 1825

 

                                    Please give me your best terms for two chain cables of 75 fathoms long & 1 1/8 inch wide of the best quality & whether they may considered equal to the English –

 

James Bryant                                        3 mo 4th 1825

 

                                    Thy favor of the 28th ulto I duly recd & fully note its contents – I wish to see the collector for the direct taxes before I can come to a decision in this business – as soon as I can see him I will make up my mind on the subject & write thee accordingly –

 

Blackwell & McFarlan              3 mo 11th 1825

 

                        Your favor of the 7th I last evening recd – I will take two of your 1 1/8 inch chain cables of  seventy fathoms each at your terms say 9 ½ cts per [?] 6 month or cash at 9¢  per [?] – I shall want two hause boxes & two rollers for the deck inside the hause holes – I shall want the cable in about six weeks –  I will inform you more particularly hereafter – I want them for a ship which I am now repairing for a whale voyage – I shall want the hause piece etc soon please inform me if you can furnish them & what kind is most in use, as I have noticed many different kinds in use –

 

Oliver Fales                                          3 mo 11th 1825

 

                        Please send me 50 casks best lime for which I will pay 1/25 per cask decd on my wharf above the bridge – I wish it sent by the first vessell –

 

W.E. & E.B. Lawrence                        3 mo 11th 1825

 

                        I have requested my friends Fish & Grinnell to remit you on my acct

22

£650 Stg £150 of which I wish you to pay over to Douglas Anderson & Co of your city to be placed by them to the credit of Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg for my acct – what further balance that may be due you shall be shortly provided for – I expect to send the Hope out shortly with a cargo of oil & as that article has improved in Europe it will place me in funds in Europe to pay the balance which may be due you without remitting by Exchange as it is high –

 

Isaac Tyson                                          3 mo 18th 1825

 

                        Thy esteemed favour of the 8th inst I received last evening. I have made search for  the George & Susan Sydmouth licence, but have not yet been able to find it -  I think Capt John Wood. Jr. must have it in his possession or at least it must be with his papers – the account of Capt Woods death having just reached his family I thought it best for a few days to defer the inquiry – as soon as I can find it I will write thee – will thou be so kind as to request Corthwait or Carey to send me the George & Susan Charter party for the voyage in question & any other paper which they may have & necessary to substance take  the claim for frt etc & wilt thou further oblige me by saying what papers will be necessary for me to substantiate a claim for the George & Susans frt –

 

Blackwell & Mc Farlan                         3 mo 16th 1825

 

                        I wrote you on the 11th inst respecting your furnishing me two chain cables – since which I have seen my Capt (who resides at Nantucket) & he says the ship does not need but one new cable. I expected she would want two – if it would subject you to no inconvenience, I would like to receive but one of the cables I directed –

23

 

Fish & Grinnell                                                 3 mo 16th 1825

 

                                    I wrote you by the packet for taught pieces bagging, if you can procure that of three threaded of the same width of that you sent me last year I should like to have it, if not, you will please send me the best of the same description 170 yds including that which was ordered by George – please send by the very first opportunity –

 

David Anthony                                     3 mo 20th 1825

 

                                    I have $270.67 to pay to William Almy, please say if thou can pay any part or the whole of it to him from the sales of oil belonging to me – I shall soon have strained oil & candles to send to market & should be glad to be advised from time to time the prospect of sale with you –

 

William Almy                                                    3 mo 20th 1825

 

                        Annexed I hand thee J. Rickertsons check for $170.67 & my order on David Anthony for one hundred dollars which together is the amot [?] the Sandwich Quarterly meeting proportion of yearly meeing stock, which when recd please notice –

 

To Isaac Tyson                                     4 mo 10 1825

 

                        I have caused great search to be made for the George & Susan License but as yet without success I hope the Copy which you have will be found to answer every purpose which I think will I find that the Ships Register was likewise endorsed by the British Admiral which can be had at the Register Office in Washington a Copy of it can be procured if it should be thought material – I herewith send thee such papers as I have been able to procure which with the Charter party are think will answer the purposes if you should not sent the Chay with your papers I shall be obliged by thy having it procured & sent with my papers – you will please put this business

24

into the hands of your agents to do as with yours & when if ever necessary a suitable power of attorney shall be furnished- what ever expense may attend this business I shall be ready to meet – the License I think would be found was Capt John Wood, Jr. living – I am &

 

William Almy                                                    4 mo 16 1825

 

                        Thy favour of the 8th Inst I duly recdI may say with respect to thy inquiries of S. Rodmans case in our Monthly Meetg I will reply as near as I can recollect – the Committee in that case reported in substance to the My Meetg to the step he had taken in offering the resignation of his right of membership & that he had holly withdrawn from our meetings further labour they considered by them would have no good effect – which report was considered & accepted & a minute was made that he be no longer considered a member of our Religious society – which perhaps was not so full as manywould thought but, but under all circumstances it may prove for the best, at least I hope it may – my wife joins me in respectful remembrance to thee – Thy Affct Friend

 

 

To Capt Peleg Brock                            5 mo 25 1825

 

                        Thou art now about ready to proceed to sea Master of the ship Golconda on a Whale Voyage around Cape Horn into the Pacific Ocean I have little doubt else to say to thee than that of proceeding on thy Voyage with as little delay as may well be & to use thy best exertions to prosecute the Voyage to a termination in as little time as well may be – as it respects the ground to cruise on I must leave it very much to thy judgment to proceed as circumstances may appear best – I have a good opinion of the off shore ground as it call’d & I think the old ground on the Cost has been so much neglected of late must be good whaling – if thee should go to the North I think thee had better recruit some other place than the Sandwich Islands – the whaling has been found to be good

25

off N.E. from the Sandwich Islands & so quite over to the Coast of California – I have no doubt but thee will endeavour to harmonomize the Crew as much as possible as much depends on your all pulling together to pull to much effect or to much purpose – I shall expect to hear from thee by every opportunity & should thee be so successfull as to get any Oil before thee passes the Islands it will be best to send it home – wishing thee a pleasant ↑& successful↓ Voyage & safe return to thy family & friends – I am&

 

To John R. Howland                             5 mo 31 1825

 

                        Thy esteemed favour of the 7 & 20th March last was duly recd as likewise the Staves of the J S Lyman Capt Greene – I made Insurance on $260 as requested & the policy I handed to Capt Greene – thy two Drfts for $260 & 444.46 has appeared & paid at sight which makes a balance due me & $2.95 as per Statement at foot – I should be glad to receive a quantity of good bbls Staves if to be had at fair price –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                    6 mo 25 1825

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your sending me by first conveyance on your best terms 7 pcs Raven 7 pcs half – 2 pcs 2d & 5 pcs best quality Russian Duck – 25 bls No 1 Beef I should like to have 100 Bls & 100 Bls of small Casks of from 40 to 90 Glls & should some hhds with the small casks would do I want them of good quality – please send 4 doz of twine – please say what you can furnish best beef at –

I am &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                              7 mo 6 1825

 

                                    I have again loaded the Hope with a Cargo of Oil, Candles & some whale Bone for a port in Europe & thence to Gottenburg for a return Cargo of Iron, should her outward Cargo be insufficient for a Cargo of Iron of 200 Tons I shall be obliged by your furnishing the Cargo & either drawing on me for the Balance or direct with whom it may be paid to in London, stating the [?amsenit] in Sterling due you to be thus paid -   I remitted & directed by friends to place £150 Stg to your Credit with your Friends in London agreeable to your directions –

I am &

26

 

To Capt Cornelius Howland                                          7 mo 6 1825

 

                                    Thou wilt probably proceed to Sea tomorrow (should the wind be favourable) with the Brig Hope with a Cargo of whale oil, Spermaceti Candles & whale bone bound to Rotterdam & consigned to thee, thee will place the Cargo in the hands of our friends at Rotterdam, should thee not be able to do better with any other house, which thee is at liberty to do, if in thy judgment my Interest will be promoted by it – thee will place the Cargo subject to thy Order & on thy arrival at Gottenburg where thee will proceed for a Cargo of Iron (agreeable to the memorandum at foot) & there place the proceeds of the Cargo subject to Alexander Barclay & Co’s orders with directions to have the proceeds at Rotterdam placed where it can be drawn for from Rotterdam Gottenburg to best advantage as to the Exchange etc – should the outward Cargo exceed the cost of the Iron the balance may be remitted to W. E. & E. B. Lawrence London – thee will be able to dispose of the Candles & Bone thyself & the Cargo of Oil I wish held for a better market price should the prospect be in favour of it – I wish thee to state to Sturenberg Crankien.& Co that if they are not willing to hold the Oil & do the very best with it thee will employ some other house & to make such advances as Alexander Barclay & Co will require I have no doubt but Alexander Barclay & Co will furnish thee with a Cargo of Iron on most any terms, I have written them to draw on me here or I would remit to their Credit in London should the outward Cargo prove to be insufficient for to pay for 200 Tons of Iron – I am &

 

12 Tons            1 ¾ Inch flat

25   “                2       “  -

50   “                2 ¼   “

50   “                2 ½   “

25   “                3        “

13   “                3 ¼    “

25   “                3 ½    “

200 Tons

27

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                    7 mo 23rd  1825

 

                                    I rec’d the 24 empty oil casks from the Pomona & should like you would continue to send me more as you are enabled to fall in with good lots suitable to send sperm oil to market in.  I expect oil will advance to 75 ¢ soon for summer   I have the Ann Alexander here nearly ready for sea on a whale voyage to the Brazil banks & am in want of some men. I should be much obliged by your sending me by the Pomona any number not exceeding four.  I should prefer green hands of about 18 to 25 years of age, the lay for such would be from 135th to 140th – men experienced in the whaling business get 110th – you will please inform me as soon as convenient what the prospect may be of procuring them – I wish the ship to sail soon –

 

W.E. & E. B. Lawrence                                   10 mo 31st 1825

 

                                    Your favour of the 5th Sept I duly rec’d with its inclosures – I have this day drawn on you in favour of W & A Lawrence at 30 days for £2250 Stg which you will please accept & place the amo’t to my acc’t – I expect soon to request Edward Cearns Jr. of Liverpool to make me a small shipment you will please pay him any amo’t within the balance of my acc’t which he may request without further directions from me –

I am &

 

Hussey & Mackay                                11 mo 19th 1825

 

                                    Your favor of the 9th inst I duly rec’d & notice its contents – the ships named appears to be high - & as I am not in a hurry for a ship do not want one before the 3rd or 4th month next, I should rather wait a little longer & take the chance to purchase on better terms – I think if the Canton is a sound ship & can be purchased for something less than you state, she might answer me – I think the Martha is quite too high from your description of her – the

28

Hercules would answer, she is hardly big enough, you did not mention what part of her timbers were live oak, cedar, etc. – I have understood the New Haven whale ship has gone to New York, & would probably be sold at auction, if this should be the case please give me a description of her, I should not like to purchase a ship that was coppered on the plank – I have an idea that there will be many good ships of the size & description I want for sale in the coarse of this winter some of which will be sold low – please write me on the subject by first opportunity

 

 David Anthony                                    12 mo 8 1825

 

                        Thy favor of the 6th inst with A/S of 11 casks oil annexed is duly rec’d which appears to be correct.  I must confess I am disappointed in finding the last cask on this sale has been sold nearly three months & that I am now at liberty of drawing for $250 only, the greatest part of which has been due some time – I find the average time of the sales being due is 8 mo 20 to 25 – I have not a correspondent in the United States nor in Europe but always credits me the amo’t of any sales at the average time of its being due, at which time interest commences to my credit.  I do not wish to draw for any funds or amot of any sales which thee may make until it is due, provided I can have the benefit of the interest on what is due before the sales are closed & unless this can be done I must change my correspondent – I have drawn on thee in favour of J. Ricketson Cashr for $378.18 the amot of the sales –

 

Edward Cearns, Jr.                               12 mo 27th 1825

 

                        I shall be much obliged by thy sending me 20 try pots of 140 galls each with two flat sides, such as thou hast heretofore sent me.  I wrote W.E. & E. B. Lawrence some time since to pay thee for my acct any sum any sum which thee may want if it should

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not exceed the balance due me from them, my balance in their hands by last accts from them was (or would be after paying my drafts on them) £50. I expect a remittance from Rotterdam to them which no doubt they will have recd in time to meet thy drafts for the try pots, if not thee may ship now only the amot in try pots which may be in the Lawrences hands due me.  I do not wish to have my acct over drawn with

them - 

 

Douglas Anderson & Co                                   2 mo 1st 1826

 

                                    I requested my friends W. E. & E. B. Lawrence of London to place in your hand to the credit of Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg £150 sterling which they advised me of having done on the 10th of August last. I have within a short time recd a letter from Alexander Barclay & Co dated 3rd of Octr in which they advised of having requested you to hold the said £150 sterling, subject to my order, as they did not need it for my acct.

            I have accordingly drawn on you this day for that sum at thirty days, in favour of J. Ricketson Cashr which you will please honour when it appears – should there be a little balance for interest in my favour you will please pay it to my friends W.E. & E. B. Lawrence

 

W. E. & E. B. Lawrence                                  2 mo 1st 1826

 

                        Your favour of the 19th Novemr last I have recd, advising of having recd a further remittance from Rotterdam of £440.17.5 sterling- which sum is placed to your acct – I have this day drawn on you in favr of J. Ricketson Cashier for £400 sterling at thirty days which you will please honour & place to my acct – I have this day drawn on Douglas Anderson & Co of London for the £150 Stg you placed in their hands to the credit of Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg for my acct – which has not been used by them as they did not need it for my acct- Alexander Barclay & Co advised me of having directed Douglas Anderson

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& Co to hold it subject to my order – I have requested them, should there still be a little balance of Interest in my favour to pay it over to you for my account –

 

Hussey & Mackay                                2 mo 27th 1826

 

                        I wrote you on the 23rd inst by Capt Barstow since which I have none of your favour to reply to – I expect Capt Barstow will have examined the Thames before this & communicated to you his judgment I hope that it may be such as that you would secure the ship.  I requested Capt Barstow to inform you if any thing should turn up whereby the ship would be sold before you heard from me & it was his judgment she would answer for me at the price asked, you  would purchase her for me – I had written the owners at New Haven to get the lowest terms for his before Capt Barstow left here – I expected to have had an answer this evening, but the mail is in without any letter for me - I may hear tomorrow when I will again write you the result – it is possible you may engage her on the terms which they set for her – I have this day seen the letter from the owners to Seth Russell where they stated they would take $4500 for her cash. I requested them to give me their lowest terms for her & expected they would say $4500 2 & 4 month credit – since Capt Barstow left here I found William C. Nye left here for Providence the day before he did with a view to purchase the Thames should she answer his expectations – I hope Capt Barstow would so manage as not to give him any suspicions of his intentions – should you not be able to get the Thames I should like for Capt Barstow to look at the Canton, not with a view however of giving $15000 for her – should she be found in good order, sound & substantial & well founded she may be worth about $12000 – 4 & 6 month.

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Timothy Dwight                                    3 mo 1st 1826

 

                                    Thy letter of the 25th Ulto I have this evening recd & have concluded to take the ship Thames at thy offer say $4500 provided my friends in New York think she will answer my purpose, to whom I have written on the subject & requested them to give thee their result immediately –

 

Hussey & Mackey                                3 mo 1st 1826

 

                        I have this evening recd a letter from Timothy Dwight from New Haven the owners agent of the Thames offering her to me for $4500 which I have accepted, provided you with Capt Barstow should think it advisable to take her. I enclose my letter to Timothy Dwight that you may see what I have written which you will please forward to him & likewise in- form him what is your conclusion, whether to take her or not. I expect the thing will be decided before you receive this, whether I have the ship or not – If I get the ship I think you will be able to get David Shepherd (who is now mate of the packet Ann) to take charge of her untill you hear further from me – I wish to have her cleaned out but this may remain untill you hear further

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          8 mo 5 1826

 

                        I last evening recd your letter respecting the [?F] Canton – if you have not closed for the [?Frt] which was left intirely for your judgment & Cap Barstow’s to decide (I accepted Timothy Dwights offer with your acceptance or agreement of it was best to take her, but Mr. [?C N] should interfere & the agent in the New York might hold her at $5000 [?] ) you may take the Canton provided she may be purchased at a price that in your judgment & Capt Barstow she may be considered low – I should think $12500 to 17000 was sufficient for her with a good long Credit – however $1000 in a Ship that is good & answers the purposed she is wanted for is of no consequence, if it is

32

the best that can be done – if she is to be sold at auction it may be she will go for less unless C N & G/C should take a notion for her of this it would be well to assertain before the auction & if thy were for her it may be you would purchase her for less at private Sale – I should wish by Mail – you will take into consideration the condi  Cantons Last Rigging etc. & the condition of which makes your a great difference in the Valu of  the Ship

            should you not have purchased the Thames on the receipt of this, & should think best to take the Canton you will have her examined very closely by Capt Barstow she is an old ship & will want good looking to – her fastening will want looking at – I expect some credit will be given on the Thames altho there was no named in the terms –

 

Hussey & Mackay                                3 mo 6th 1826

 

                                    Your favours of the 2nd inst I have this evening rec’d – I did expect the Thames would have been held for me – the Canton is 6 years older than I had understood she was – I hope you will not exceed my limit in my letter of the 5th say 12000 to $13000 she is an older ship than I expected & think that must be her full value from the best judgment I can form respecting her –

 

Seth Russell                                          3 mo 10th 1826

 

                        Should thee find the ship such as it will be best to take her I wish thee would endeavour to pay for a part or the whole of her in oil & candles at fair prices – I should like to procure a quantity of oil casks & some ash boards for heading if it is to be had, which may come round in the ship as well as any thing else which thee or any of thy friends may wish brought –

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Francis Baylies                                     3 mo 18th 1826

 

                                    In consequence of the death of our worthy & much respected Postmaster, there will no doubt be many applicants to the post master general to fill the vacancy – I take the liberty to observe that of the several candidates which I have heard named, I think Richard Williams the present Depy Post master would be the most eligible for the office & I think would give pretty general satisfaction – thy friendly influence in his behalf would confer an obligation – I have great confidence in the good sense & judgment of the Post Master general in selecting a suitable officer to fill the office since his judicious & satisfactory disposal of our Post office difficulties last year, of which thou wast instrumental –

            I have no interest in this but the public good.  I am in no way connected to Richard Williams directly or indirectly

 

Gideon Howland                                  3 mo 31st 1826

 

                        Thy favours of the 6th [?] & 25th inst I have duly recd the former conveying A/Sales of 15 casks sperm oil N[?prd]  $491.72 to thy debit – I do not wish my oil or candles pressed upon the market – they must & will improve as soon as the Nantucket people can recover from their embarrassed state – there has not been less sperm oil in the country for a number of years than at present & none to arrive here this season of any consequence

 

Fish Grinnell & Co                                3 mo 31st 1826

 

                        Your favours of the 18th & 24th inst I duly rec’d the former covering a/Sales of two parcels of candles the amot to your debit $497.98 – the later with bill of press cloth annexed amot $83.20 to your credit – I am expecting a few try pots  from Liverpool to your care, you will please forward

34

them to me by Capt Gifford of the Leader – I hope oil & candles will improve soon, indeed I expect they will as soon as the Nantucket people can recover from their embarrassments, the stock of oil & candles here is small & but one cargo to arrive from Cape Horn this year –

 

Peter Coffin                                          4 mo 13th 1826

 

                        Inclosed I return the note for two tons hemp, signed - 

 

To Fish Grinnell & Co                          4 mo 26 1826

 

                        I shall be much obliged by your sending me by first conveyance 700 sheets best Copper on the best terms it can be procured at [?] a foot & $150 Coppg Nails of the same size & length you have sent me heretofore – I think they were about 1 ½ Inch long, provided you can send them at a less than 29 Cts lots

 

150 sheet 22 oz

150          24 “

200          26 “

200          28 “

 

Gideon Howland                                  5 m 9th 1826

 

                                    Inclosed I hand thee a letter from Thomas Barstow to B F. Leonard for some plank which I wish thee to deliver & use thy endeavours to have the plank forwarded as soon as possible as I am in immediate want of them – should capt Gifford be in New York thee will please tell him I wish him to bring the plank if he can come immediately with them – please tell him he need not get those articles except the pork that I sent by him for- I wish the plant sent by the very first conveyance without fail – I wish thee to pay for the plank instead of Fish Grinnell & Co as is mentioned in capt Barstows letter & to send 1500 feet instead of 1000 as mentioned by capt Barstow –

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Josiah Bradley & Co                            5 mo 30th 1826

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice of 40 casks summer oil for Leader, which you will please receive for my account – the oil alluded to in yours of the 20th has been examined & I am at a loss to know what to say respecting it is is out of the question that any one cask of any lot of oil which I have sent to you should be different from the lot generally, as it all runs from one press – you are at liberty to do that which which would be most satisfactory to you – please send me by the Leader, capt Gifford 17 pcs first quality Russian duck 2 pcs 2nd Ditto 7 pcs half duck & 5 pcs ravens duck & 48 [?] twine 30 sheets 28 oz copper – if capt Gifford should want 3 or 400 dollar please let him have it on my acct –

 

Elisha Hathaway & Co                         5 mo 30th 1826

 

                                    Above I hand you invoice of 40 casks oil (summer ) for Leader capt Gifford which you will please receive & sell to best advantage for my acct – I should like if 72 ¢ could be obtained for this oil – I should like to receive a lot of good small casks by capt Gifford if he can take any –

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                    6 mo 2nd 1826

 

                                    I should be much obliged by your sending me 3 or 4 tons 4d hoops by first opportunity –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                            6 mo 3rd 1826

 

                                    Your favour of the 2nd I duly recd if the Leader has not left Boston please send me by her 400 [?] butter in small frikins. I should like capt Gifford to select it – 3 [?s] New England rum & 25 bbls No 1 beef of best quality for a long voyage provided you can send it at a price that will not exceed with all expenses del’d here $9 – as it can be purchased here at that price & has been sold at that price & at 8 ¾  dollars since

36

before you sent me the last lot of 30 bbls, which ought not to have come to me any higher than those prices as I understand it belongs to the same concern – I have a quantity of first quality sperm candles on hand  ready for market please say what they will sell at –

 

To Ezra Smith Jr                                   6 mo 30 1826

 

                        The Ship Hope theyself Master is now ready for Sea bound into the Pacific Ocean on a whaling Voyage & on thy arrival into those Seas thou must in a great measure depend on thy own judgment & the information thee may be able to get obtain where to cruise for whales – I have a good opinion of cruising near the line & [?] to the westward & about the Islands in South lattitude – thou wilt always be careful in approtching those Island & not get too near & on no account let any natives come onboard at one time – thou wilt use thy very best exertions in obtaining a Cargo of Sperm Oil & returning to this Port – should thee have occasion to draw on me for any supplies for the Ship thy drfts will be honoured but I hope thou wilt have no occasion to draw – wishing thee a pleasant –

I am&

 

To Fish & Grinnell                    7 mo 2 1826

 

                        Please send me by the very first opportunity 525 Sheets Copper as per Memr – I want it for the Ann Alexander this week if I can get it – please send me the Copper on the very best possible terms at 6 Months

I am &

100 Sheets       22 oz

100   “              24

150   “              26

175   “              38

 

To H. H. Meier & Co                           7 mo 5 1826

 

                        I have concluded to send the Brig Hope Cornelius Howland to Bremen with a Cargo of Whale Oil  Invoice of which I now inclose – the prospect of a fair price looks discouraging but as the quantity of Oil is small that

37

is brought in this year & that very little would be sent to Europe I hope you will be able to obtain something like a fair price for it & if it should appear best you will not hurry the sale of it I wish the Brig to proceed to Gottenberg for Iron you will please make the necessary provisions for her / a 180 to 200 Tons you will please open a Credit where my friends can draw to best advantage for the Amot of her Cargo –

I am &

 

To Cornelius Howland                                  7 mo 5 1826

 

                        The Hope is now about ready to proceed on her intended voyage to Bremen where thee will deliver her Cargo to H H Meier & Co & then proceed to Gottenberg for Iron & thence home – thee can take 180 to 200 Tons as per Memr at foot – I wish thee to give H H Meier & Co a knowledge of our whale Oil here which is small & but little will be sent to the north of Europe this year, not more than one or two small Cargos – thee will see the necessity of making every dispatch that is possible with economy – should a very favourable freight offer at Bremen for the United States & H H Meier & Co as well as thyself should think it more advisable to take it to going for for thee is at liberty to do it under these considerations – wishg thee a pleasant Voyage –

 

To Capt Walter Hillman                                    7 m 25 1826

 

                        Thou art again in readiness to embrace the first opportunity to get to Sea with the Ship Ann Alexander on a whale voyage to the Brazil Bank – I have but little else to say than for thee to go & do the best that can be done in bringing the voyage to a favourable termination, remembering that Sperm Oil & whale bone helps the low price of whale oil very much, therefore thee will do well to get all that is possible – should thee be fortunate enough to get some Sperm Oil going out to the Islands, it will be best to send it home if possible –my Correspondents at Boston is Josiah Bradlee & Co at NewYork Fish Grinnell & Co

            at Philadelphia Shober & Bunting at Baltmore Daniel Howland at Norfolk John R Harwood – which thee can send any Oil to that thee may send to either of the above places – wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage –

I am &

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H. H. Meier & Co                                            8 mo 19th 1826

 

                                    I wrote you by the Brig Hope on the 5th last month – I now can confirm my opinion respecting the shipment of oil to the north of Europe – the Hope Clitus & Troy are all that had been shipped or will be shipped from this place this year, and I have not heard of any being shipp’d from any other port – the Troy has gone for [?Stettin] – you will have all the oil which goes to the north this year, at least from this place – any balance which may remain after paying for the Hopes return cargo you will please remit to Edward Cearns Jr of Liverpool – Iron at Gottenburg has further declined as I learn by Alexander Barclay & Co agent here to £12.5.0 & probably it may go lower –

 

Edward Cearns Jr                                 8th mo 19th 1826

 

                        Thy esteemed favor of the 21st April last with Invoice of 20 try pots inclosed was duly rec’d – as were likewise the pots in good order –

            thou will please send me 20 more pots of the same size & kind by first opportunity – I sent the Brig Hope out to Bremen last month with a  cargo of 1600 Bbls oil - from thence she is to proceed to Gottenburg for 180 to 200 tons iron – I have directed my friends at Bremen to remit thee any balance which may remain in their hands after paying for the iron – should there not be any balance to be remitted from Bremen I will make other provision to meet the amount –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                 11 mo 13th 1826

 

                        Your favour of the 10th inst I duly rec’d. I am please the oil will be shipped by the Leader – I was surprised today to hear from Seth Russell your observation respecting my not ship –

39

ping you oil by the Leader – if you will look over the copy of your letters to me you will find you had discouraged my sending you any oil at all & that I sent you what I did to meet my acct with you even against your wishes as you had more oil to sell where you had made advances than you would be able to dispose of under this view of the subject I did not wish to impose upon you any further than to meet my acct your not advancing as requested had had no kind of influence with me – I have not had any occasion to draw I have not drawn even when I had a right so to do – I have several hundred barrells of oil yet to market & should have been & still would be glad to keep you in oil for sale as long as I have it on hand – I should be glad to have some small oil casks sent by first opportunity as I have not a small cask now on hand to fill with oil –

 

John Waters                             11 mo 25th 1826

 

                        Thy letter of the 24th inst I have duly rec’d – I did not understand by the presidents letter that any premium was named at which you would take the risk – I am aware that amount etc must stated before policies can be filled – I would like to have $10,000 insured on the Brig Hope & cargo Cornelius Howland master at & from Gottenburg to this port- $5000 on vessell valued at that premium included & $5000 on cargo, if at 2 prct – likewise $10,000 on the ship Golconda & outfit Peleg Brock master (since writing you last I have acct of her being off Payta with 1400 bbls the 26th June which is 2/3 of her cargo & may be expected early in the spring – vessell valued at $14000 & outfit at $1200 premium included if at 3 prct likewise $5000 on the George & Susan & outfit valued at $24000 half each. T Upham master if at 4 pr ct -                              

 40

 

Edward Cearns Jr.                                1 mo 16th 1827

 

                        I have rec’d the copy of thy esteemd letter of the 20th Novr – with Invoice of 20 try pots inclosed, amo’t  £99.8.5 Stg. I am not a little disappointed to find that my friends H. H. Meier & Co of Bremen had not made thee a remittance for my account.  I had reason to expect it would have been done before the date of thy letter – I have no doubt of their having done it before this time, or I would remit the amo’t immediately – should it not be done on the receipt of this I should be much obliged by thy addressing them on the subject – the Brig Hope’s cargo was sold before she left Bremen & the amot of her return cargo was drawn for in the fore part of October the balance in their hands would be several hundred pounds.

 

Gideon Howland                                  1 mo 16th 1827

 

                        Thy favour of the 6th Inst I have rec’d as likewise thy A/C inclosed in

one of the, balance due me to New acct $545.65. which appears correct, against the balance I had drawn $500 as thou had advised of accepting – all of which appears free from errors –

 

Hussey & Mackay                                1 mo 16th 1827

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 10th inst with A/C inclosed I duly rec’d – which appears correct & my books are in conformity – I should have been glad had you stated the quantity of oil on hand belonging to me –

41

 

Elisha Hathaway & Co                          1 mo 16th 1827

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 15th inst with A/C inclosed as this evening rec’d – the acc’t is found correct & my books are in conformity thereto.  I shall be obliged by your sending me by every opportunity what small casks you may be able to procure until advised to the contrary – I am making some very handsome oil & shall be ready to ship you some by first opportunity. I expect to be able to furnish you with a good supply of oil this season for sale –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                             1 mo 18 1827

 

                                    Yours of the 16th Inst I have duly recd my object of inquiring respecting drawing on you was to assertain about what would be due me & your convenience as to time in paying them – your reply is liberal & is all that can be given – my inquiry respecting the price of the articles quoted was to keep the run of the market & if they should be likely to [?] to be purchased before it took place – of this, I should be much obliged by your informing me – I expect three whale ships in the Spring – two of them from Cape Horn, & will take a large Amot of those articles to refit them on long voyages – the fall Oil you have of mine you must exercise your judgment in making sale of it, as to price – it ought to bring more than Summer oil as it can certainly be used where that Oil cannot - & it is much more expensive in manufacturing it –

Your &

 

Elisha Hathaway & Co                          1 mo 23rd 1827

 

                                    If I should leap the bounds of reason it is for you to correct me – I should be much obliged for the purpose of accomodating a friend, if you can make it convenient to allow me to draw on you at short time for the amo’t of actual sales which you

42

may have made for my acct, beyond what I have already drawn for – should you allow me to draw you will please state the amount and time – I am now making the best of  winter oil, it is very handsome indeed. I hope to be able to send you some next month –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                 1 mo 24th 1827

 

                        Your favour of the 23rd inst with my A/C inclosed I duly rec’d - & as is usual it is found correct, the balance $2011.17 to New account –

 

H. H. Meier & Co                     1 mo 31st 1827

 

                        Your several esteemed favrs as well as A/S to account of disbursement of the Brigt Hope have been duly rec’d – I am at a loss to account for the 35 empty casks entered in the A/Sales to make up the number of her cargo. I have understood from Capt Cornelius Howland there was no leakage on the voyage had there been it would have discovered itself in pumping the vessell – my friends at Liverpool inform’d me in Novr last of their not having rec’d any remittance from you.  I should be obliged by your doing it, should it not have been done on the receipt of this –

 

Rowland Jones             1 mo 31st 1827

 

                        Thy kind & very acceptable letter of 3 mo last was duly recd – I feel condemnation in not answering it before this time, but I may say in extenuation that one thing has operated powerfully to prevent, a feeling of an entire inability or qualification for letter writing, it has not been for want of feelings of interest & sympathy in thy late bereavement

43

in the loss of the dear wife, as it has strikingly evinced the uncertainty of life in the enjoyment of every sublunary blessing – in being informed by thee of the death of dear [?L. R. Ls] husband & by her of the death of thy dear wife had been to us very striking & has excited much sympathetic commiseration – we often advert in failing & expression of the visit made us by your little band – the retrospect of which affords us pleasure – it will always be grateful & interesting to us to hear from thee as we feel a deep interest in your welfare – Our society affairs remain very much as they were when you were with us the opposition openly has subsided altho there is much in feeling that is particularly trying to exercised friends. Elizabeth Wing, late Hunt is now with us, we consider her quite an acquisition – she has it in prospect of attending Philadelphia Yearly meeting – my wife unites with me in affectionate remembrance to thee & our friends

 

Humphrey Howland                              1 mo 31st 1827

 

                        Thy esteemed letter of the 13th of 11 mo last was duly rec’d & would have been immediately reply’d to, had it not have been for my expecting the arrival of a ship from Cape Horn (the George & Susan) which would have enabled me to have accepted thy kind offer of purchasing land as stated by thee – I have the last season extended my business very considerably, have added one whale ship which has cost me $25,000 this with other increased business prevents my being in a situation to purchase land at present I am expecting three whale ships this spring & summer, when in all probability I should be glad to embrace the offer which thou hath kindly made in the purchase of some of the drained lands

44

of your neighborhood – if thou art willing to take the trouble in ascertaining what can be done & inform me, I should be much obliged – please say when the state would require payment for the expense of draining the land – your kindness & attention to my son George is gratefully acknowledged, he spoke of his tour & particularly his visit with you with much satisfaction & requests to be particularly remember to thee & family, my wife also requests to be remembered to you as like wise thy friend & -

 

Thomas Ellicot                          1 mo 18th

 

            I have been unable to find the original British license which was the George & Susans as thou requested – I now enclose a certificate to that effect from the administrator of John Wood Jr’s estate & my own - which I hope may be found to answer the purpose wish’d for – Is not our claim transfered to our own government in consequence of the treaty lately made with the British Government at London by Gallatin –

 

Fish Grinnell & Co        1 mo 31st 1827

 

                        Your favr of the 17th inst I last evening rec’d, with my A/C inclosed which appears to be correct as stated.  I am daily expecting A/S from individuals at New York & Philadadelphia when rec’d I shall meet the amo’t that will be due you after the sale of what candles you have on hand of mine – on examining the invoices of all the Candles which I have shipp’d you as at foot, I find a shipment of 50 boxes sent you in the 3rd month of 1824 has not been accounted for – likewise 100 boxes sent you in the 12 mo 1825 & likewise 100 boxes sent you in the 11 mo last – the two latter shipments I suppose are not yet all sold – the former I think

45

you must have place to the credit of some other person – you will please examine your books & give me the result – please say what is the prospect of the sale of Candles in the spring –

 

To Edward Cearns Jr.                          2 mo 12 1827

 

                        Thy esteemed favour of the 3rd ulto I have recd & note its Contents – I have this day drawn on thee for £650 Stg payable in London at 60 days – which thee will please honour & place to my Acct – I concluded it would make no difference to thee in making it payable in London – please send me twenty more try pots of the same kinds as the last excepting 4 of 120 Glls each with two flat sides –

I am &

 

Elisha Hathaway & Co                          2 mo 26th 1827

 

                                    Annexed I hand you invoice of a small lot of winter oil of as good quality as you have ever sold & ought to command a price above the market, it is very white & handsome

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                             2 mo 26th 1827

 

                                    Your favour of the 24th inst I have duly rec’d – I notice your observations respecting oil – I have a very handsome cargo of oil by the George & Susan & shall very soon be able to send you some that will be nice – I shall now be in want of small casks – I was in expectation to purchase No1 beef for $7 ½ to 7 ¾ - I had White beef for the George & Susan last voyage it is not well spoken of – unless the packers of beef for this market are careful New Hampshire beef will claim the preference – if you will let me have 100 bbls No 1 beef of best quality for $8 6 months without any other charge I will let it remain in the store free of expense until I send the Leader to Boston for it I will take it –

46

I have purchased the copper for the George & Susan from the Taunton manufactory, please send me by first opportunity – 24 ps first quality Russian duck 14 ps half duck 15 ps ravens duck & 4 ps 2nd quality Russian duck on your best possible terms likewise 100 bls sewing twine –

 

Edward Cearns Jr.                                3 mo 11 – 1827

 

                        I wrote thee on the 12th ulto since which I have none of thy esteemed favour to reply to – I requested in my last that thee would send me 20 more try pots. I shall be much obliged by thy sending them forward as soon as may well be, as the ^most of the^ last last 20 sent ^me^  I have unexpectedly dispose of & shall ^soon^ be in want of ^those^ requested to be sent last -  In addition to which please send me by another conveyance 20 more Try Pots of 140 Gls each & with two flat sides each -  I did not expect to have wanted the last 20 Pots before fall, at which time I expected thee would have been in Cash for my Acct – as I shall again load the Hope with Oil for the Continent – thee will use thy pleasure in directing how I shall meet the Amot which may be due thee, on the shipment of this last lot of Pots –

I am &

 

Capt Edward Gardner                          4 mo 16th 1827

 

                                    The George & Susan is now about ready to proceed on her intended voyage into the pacific ocean thyself master. I recommend thy embracing & using every possible means to bring the voyage to a speedy & favorable termination. I should recommend on thy arrival into the Pacific ocean to get the best information for the best cruising grounds & be governed in some measure by it. I have a good opinion of cruising about the Galapagos islands, coast of Peru & so out to the westward near the line. I should prefer thy not going to the Japan coast if thee can get oil short of it.  I  wish thee to exercise thy own judgment in fixing thy own cruising ground – should thee have occasion

47

to draw on me thy drafts will be paid – but hope thee will have no occasion to draw – thee will I have no doubt endeavour to harmonize the crew as much as possible, as much will depend upon it especially among the officers as well as the crew – allow no improper treatment to the crew from the officers- promote harmony as much as possible, should thee be so successful as to obtain any oil before thee passes the Cape Verdes thee will send it home if any opportunity should present my correspondents at Boston are Josiah Bradlee. & Co New York Fish Grinnell & Co

                 Philadphia Shober & Bunting Norfolk John R. Harwood to either of which thee may ship thy oil – on thy approaching any island in the Atlantic as well as the Pacific ocean thee will use every precaution against any accident that may  [blank]   thee by the natives of the islands or by getting on the islands, wishing thee a pleasant & favourable voyage & safe return 

I am &

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                                5 mo 19th 1827

 

                        I wrote you some time since respecting the two tons of hoops which I rec’d by the way of Nantucket & likewise respecting the paying of the freight of the same from Nantucket to which I have rec’d no reply – I shall be obliged by your sending me in the course of this week three tons of 4d hoops, or two tons 4d & 1 ton 3d – please say when I may expect them – I have always endeavoured to settle my accts yearly but have not been able to as respects yours – should you wish a further supply of oil for hoops I should like to furnish you –

 

To H H Meier & Co                                         6 m 29 1827

 

                        I again send the Hope with a load of Oil for a load of Iron, you will do the needful & dispatch her in the best manner in all things touching the concern – I wish you to put the Oil up at least one Dollar on the Barl higher than the last sales made with you our importations are small this year & oil must & will

48

[?serve] with you I think – I wish you to appraise Alexander Barclay & Co of my intentions respecting the Hope & forward them my memorandum as at foot for Iron – I wish you to remit the balance of the Hopes Cargo to Edward Crearns Jr of Liverpool for my Acct

I am &

 

To Cornelius Howland                          6 m 29 1827

 

                        I have again loaded the Brig Hope with Oil for Bremen thyself Master & Consignee. thee will proceed with the Brig for Bremen with all dispatch & there deliver the Cargo to H H Meier & Co should thee find nothing in the way of so doing – provided they will open a Credit for a return Cargo of Iron from Gottenburg – where thee will proceed & take a Cargo of Iron for this Port – thee will apply to Alexander Barclay & Co for Iron – I wish thee to impress on the minds H H Meier & Co not to be in a hurry to sell the Oil & to ask at least 1 Dollar on the Bls more for it, than what the last Sales was made at this season –

I am &             saild 30th & 1 of 7 m

 

To Edward Cearns Jr                                       7 mo 6 1827

 

                        I wrote thee 3 m11 last since which I have thy esteemed favr of May 8th – covering Invoice of 20 Try pots the Pots are recd this day per New York in good order – B[rig] Hope saild hence for Bremen on the 1st Inst with 1600 Bl Oil – she is diverted for Iron – I advise my friends H H Meier & Co of Bremen to remit thee the balance that may remain in their hands after paying for a Cargo of Iron – please send me 6 of 110 Gls 6 of 120 & 18 of 140 Gls Try pots – all with two flat sides, of the same kind proportions as the last just recd

I am &

 

To Capt A A Baylies                            7 m 17 1827

 

                        The Golconda is about ready to proceed on a Cape Horn, Pacific Ocean Whale Voyage thyself Master – I have but little to say further than I wish thee to prosecute the Voyage to its termination with as much dispatch as is possible – I recommend thy cruising near the line & on the Coast. I have a great opinion of it – but I must

49

leave thee at liberty, on the broad scale, to act thy judgment in this respect – for any supplies beyond thy means of paying thy Drfs on me will be honoured – should thee procure any Oil short of the Islands I wish thee to ship it home – my friends at Boston is Josiah Bradlee & Co New York Fish Grinnell & Co

                 Philadelphia Shober & Bunting to either of whom thee can ship it should an opportunity present – I wish thee to write me by every opportunity – wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage –

I am

 

To Edward Cearns Jr                                       8 m 12 1827

 

                        I wrote thee on the 6th of last Mo requesting a further supply of Try Pots – those requested under date of 3 m 11 – have not yet arrived – please send forward such as are ordered with as little delay as may well be – I wish thee would now send me 30 more Try Pots in addition to those ordered – I wish them ship’d frm Liverpool as soon as possible that they may reach this place before Winter – 6 of which to be 102 Glls each& 24 to be 140 Glls each & each with two flat sides – We have been in the habit of getting our Cook Cabooses from New York for our Whale Ships – they do not stand well – they soon break & burn out – please send me two as a sample of your most approved Cook Cabooses for Whale Ships of suitable sizes for a Ship of about 22 Men – let the sizes vary one number –

I am &

 

William H Chase                                               8 mo 17 1827

 

                        Please say if thou hast nearly completed the sales of the oil sent thee last spring I should like to have the liberty of drawing on thee for the amot which may be sold, of if thee could place the amot to the credit of J. Ricketson Cashr at the New England Bank Boston for my acct it would be more convenient for me. the season is now at hand to send oil to market for the fall & winter. please say what is the prospect of sale with you –

50

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                            9 mo 2 1827

 

                        The Leader left here last evening for Boston with 66 casks of first quality of the winter oil which you will please receive and dispose of for my acct, ask not less than 60 cts & I should like if it could be put at 65 cts – please send me what small casks you may be able to procure of good quality –

 

Elisha Hathaway & Co                         9 mo 2 1827

 

                        The sloop Leader Capt [?Anthony] Gifford left here last evening for Boston with 66 casks first quality strained oil which you will please receive & dispose of at not less than 60 cts – this oil is handsome & ought to claim the preference – please say if I can draw on you for 1 or 2000 Dollars at 60, 90, or 120 days please send me by the Leader what small casks you can procure of good quality

 

Gideon Wing                            9 mo 15 1827

 

                        Inclosed I hand thee a power to act for me on my behalf which thee will

please receive & act for me as for thyself.  I expect to be at Sandwich Quarterly meeting when I hope friends will be prepared to do something decisive respecting the property left by Uncle Joseph Wing as is respects aunt Mary

 

Elisha  Hathaway                                  9 mo 18. 1827

           

                        Your favr of the 17 in I duly received & note you had made rapid sales of my Oil  I think a little more than 60 cts ought to have been obtained – ea for such oil as that was  I have good oil both winter & summer of the very best quality warranted such & it ought to bring from 3 to 5 cts in a galloon more than the common price of oil, it is worth it it is the best oil I ever had – I shall load the

51

Leader for Boston in a few days with oil pleases send me by her what small casks you may be able to procure of good quality –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                            9 mo 18, 1827

 

                        Your favr of the 15th inst I duly rec’d I yesterday drew on you at 60 days for $1000 – which hope will be agreeable to you to accept – I expect to load the Leader in a few days for Boston with oil, my oil both summer & winter is very handsome & of the very best quality warran such & I am not willing to sell it at the rate of common market price of oil – you will please hold it a little higher as it ought to bring a better price it is worth it please procure small casks & send me by the Leader

 

William H. Chase                                  9 mo 27th 1827

 

                        Thou informed me some  time since thee would place to my credit at the New England Bank $500 by the middle of this month not having any advice of the fact, I think there must be some neglect somewhere – please advise me respecting it –

 

                        Thou will not sell the oil which thee may have on hand of mine under 65 cts

 

Cearns Fish & Crary                            9 mo 27th 1827

 

                        I have accounts of the Brig Hope’s arriving at Bremen on the 6th last month & expect my friends there will have made you a remittance for my acct by the receipt of this letter – I wish you to ship me 40 more 140 gall try pots in addition to those heretofore ordered & of the same description I wish them ship’d in time to reach here in on the 3d month next (March)

52

 

Joseph Grinnell                         10 mo 10th 1827

 

                                    Please inform me if the Euphrates can be purchased, the whole or major part or less – I think I should be willing to give upwards of $11,000 for her – thy father mentioned in conversation the other day I could purchase one half of the Euphrates, but I made no reply to it – he does not know that I wish to purchase a ship – please say likewise if the Cortes will be for sale when she returns & what will be the price – If there is no prospect of my purchasing either of the above ships I must be looking to some other quarter – I address this letter to thee as I do not wish at present to be known in this business –

 

Seth Kelley                               10 mo 15th 1827

 

                        I take the liberty to enclose thee a copy of my uncle Joseph Wing’s Will by  which thee may be enabled to judge of the course that the Sandwich monthly meeting will take respecting it – the property is given to the overseeing of the monthly meeting in trust for the preparative meeting of Sandwich after Mary Wing – the income of the property which is given to Mary wing is not sufficient for her support & what will be the consequences – it will be, she will be a charge to the monthly meeting & I think this would be much out of the way, to let her become chargeable to society, when her brother has left sufficient property out of which she ought of right to draw her support & I don’t believe there is an individual of his acquaintance but would say they believed he did intend to have provided amply for her – I thin the friends out of Sandwich preparative meeting ought to see that Mary Wing is secured a sufficient support before the will is proved – I hope thou will

53

be willing to interest thyself on this subject, for I think it would be a disgrace to let that woman become chargeable under such circumstances as that her brothers property is given to a part of the same meeting from which she must draw her support -  

 

Elisha Hathaway & Co                         10 mo 19th 1827

 

                        Your favour of yesterdays date I have duly rec’d , in reply respecting hemp, I must say it is very high & much more so than was expected but it may maintain the price, I have concluded to take 8 tons & wish it sent by the Leader –

I am &

 

Fish Grinnell & Co                                1 mo 30th 1828

 

                        I shall be much obliged by your sending me a bill of Sale for the part of the Cortes which was owned by James Howland, Cornelius Grinnell, Abram & Pardon Gifford, Isaac Howland & Thomas Winslow as I have no right to call on them for it the expect you have given a bill of sale for her & as James Howland has decided it makes more necessary now than before – you will please place one quarter part of the Cortes with such bills as you may pay for her acc’t since my purchase of her to J. Ricketson acct & ¾ to my acct excepting 1/8 of the ship which I purchased of William Howland you will please likewise place three hundred dollars to my credit & charge the same to J. Ricketson at the same time George drawd money from you for the use of the Cortes

 

Gideon Howland                                  1 mo 29th 1828

 

                        Thy favr of the 15th inst covering A/S I have duly rec’d which appears correct & my acct is made in conformity –

54

 

Elisha Hathaway & Co                                     1 mo 29th 1828

 

                        Your favour of the 18th inst covering A/C I duly recd the acct as stated appears correct – there appears a string of failures in the acct & by the date I am inclined to think they do not belong to me – I consider when the credit which I give say six months has expired the credit if then extended it must be yours & at your responsibility if the extension it must be yours & a creditor is a bankrupt at the time of expiration of the credit of 6 months then of course it is my loss, when you extend the credit without my consent, it must be your loss for you give the credit –

 

Hussey & Mackay                                1 mo 29th 1828

 

                        Your favr of 4th inst with A/C annexed I duly recd & my acct made in conformity leaving a balance due me of seven hundred fifty five 47/100 Dollars

 

Fish & Grinnell & Co                            1 mo 29th 1828

 

                        Your favours of the 19th & 24th inst have been duly rec’d the former with its inclosures – you have omitted crediting my acct with the sales of two parcels of candles of 100 boxes each amounting to $785.55 & 713.31 or $1498.86 which amot you will please credit my acct with you have charged 94 bls white rope in your acct of ship Cortes disbursements. George thinks it was for the falls for discharging the ship, if so it ought not to be charged to her present owners. George says if the above rope came from [?T] & Carter it was for falls to discharge with if William Howland has not advised you of his having sold me his 1/8 of the Cortes some time before you sold her to George he will do it & that I have settled with him for her & as I was the purchaser of you

55

I thought his sale would be left out of the question in your accts & that you would charge me with 7/8 of the ship instead of the whole – however it will make but $25 difference of this you will do as appears just – in purchasing this I purchased every thing which belonged to the ship but was not to be subject to any expence whatever until she was discharged other than such expenses as should be entered into for repairs – but all expenses of rigging etc. as was necessary to move the ship & discharge her etc was to be payable by her former owners – will you be so obliging as to make an additional settlement of my acct including the items omitted in the last statement it may be stated as at the end of the last year as it respects interest –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                            1 mo 30th 1828

 

                        Your favor of the 29th inst with A/C inclosed I have this evening recd & on examination find it is correct except the charge of $21 for oil sold [?] Fish – it appears by the dates that this sum was due nearly one year since if said Fish was solvent at the time of the expiration of the credit of 6 months & you have extended the credit for his accommodation or convenience it must have been done on your acct the balance of $2996.52 which appears due you is different from what I expected I had wrong entered my dft for $1000 to the credit of [?E & F] & Co instead of your acct which together with the amot of bill duck & William Lovering his note charge of interest etc makes up nearly the amot of the balance –

 

To Capt Eben Coleman                        4 mo 7 1828

 

                        The Ship Cortes under thy command is now ready for Sea on a Cape Horn Whale Voyage – thou wilt embrace the first oppertunity to get to Sea with the Ship & prosecute the Voyage to its termination with as much dispatch as possible, always bearing

56

in mind that the Amot of property now place under thy care is very great & that every day that the Voyage is prosecuted is of consequence, however I am well satisfied that nothing will be wanting on thy part to bring the Voyage to a speede & a vavourable termination – I think if thee should be successful on the Cost of Peru & the off shore ground, that thee will not be obliged to go upon the Japan ground but one season, which will probably shorten thy Voyage – I do think it will be best not to go to [?Warhoo] with the Ship at all – Capt Upham in the George & Susan always on leaving the Japan ground went over to the Coast of California & recruited at [?St Jonses] & so work’d to the Southward along the Coast – I do not mean to confine thee to any cruising ground, but should expect thee will use thy best judgment in all things touching the Voyage & will bring it to as favourable termination as is possible – I wish thee to write me by every opportunity – wishing thee a pleasant, harmonious & successful Voyage & safe return to thy family& friends & [?]  Thy frd  -

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                             5 mo 12th 1828

 

                        I have again loaded the Brig Hope, Capt Enos Pope with oil for Bremen & thence to Gottenburg to your address for a return cargo of iron agreeable to memorandum at foot – I do not wish the brig detained to procure the exact sizes but wish the sizes procured as near as you can without detention – you will please give the Hope all possible dispatch – my friends H. H Meier & Co will make the necessary arrangements for the amount of the cargo –

10 tons             1 ¾ inch           ½ inch thick

20                    2

50                    2 ¼

50                    2 ½

25                    2 ¾

20                    3

2                      4

2                      5

5                      ½ in rods

1                      3 in square 5 or 12 feet long

185 tons

57

 

Enos Pope                                5 m 12th 1828

 

                        The brig Hope is now ready for sea thyself master bound to Bremen thee will embrace the first wind to proceed on they voyage & on thy arrival at Bremen thee will deliver the cargo to H. H. Meier & Co – from thence thee will proceed to Gottenburg & there apply to Alexander Barclay & Co for a cargo of iron & when thee has loaded the Brig with iron thee will proceed with dispatch for this port -  I wish thee to use all means to prosecute this voyage to its termination with all the dispatch possible & always remember that a good lookout with a lead & line is a great protection against accidents –

 

H H Meier & Co                      5 m 12th 1828 

 

                        The Brig Hope capt Pope is now loaded again with oil as per invoice & bill of lading inclosed & bound to Bremen to your address where I hope she may arrive in safety & to a good market the Ann Alexander is the only ship that has arrived from the Brazils & it is not likely that any will arrive for some time to come – I wish you to give the Hope every dispatch possible for Gottenburg where you will please make the necessary arrangements for a return cargo of iron as per memorandum at foot please to open the credit for the cargo of iron where it can be drawn for to best advantage – you will please do the very best that can be done with the cargo that is in your power, & whatever balance may remain after paying for the iron etc you will remit to my friends Cearns Fish & Crary of Liverpool for my acct

 

W. E. & E. B. Lawrence                      5 mo 16th 1828

 

                        I am a long time without any of your esteemed favours to reply to – will you have the goodness to forward me your A/C with me & should any balance appear due me you will place it to my credit with

58

Cearns Fish & Crary of Liverpool or if the balance should be due you I will immediately remit it when I shall have ascertained the same –

 

Edward Cearns Jr                                 5 mo 16th 1828

 

                        Will thou have the goodness to send me my A/C with thee for the year 1826, I cant find as I have ever rec’d it – my Brig Hope sailed on the 14th inst with a cargo of oil for Bremen, I have directed my friends H. H. Meier & Co to remit Cearns Fish Crary whatever balance may remain in their hands after furnishing a cargo of iron at Gottenburg I wish Cearns Fish Crary to send me 21 try pots of 120 galls each with two flat sides of the same pattern as heretofore

 

To Cearns Fish & Crary                       8 m 3 1828

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 23rd  of April has been duly recd –all the castings which have been recd from you have been much to my satisfact the Brig Hope saild hence for Bremen on the 14 of 5 Mo last – should she have arrived safe you will please make me a further shipment of 30 Try pots of 140 Glls [?] of the same pattern as before –

 

Cearns Fish Crary                                9 mo 22nd 1828

 

                        I wrote you on the 8th of last month requesting a further shipment of 30 try pots of 140 galls each – which hope you have been able to forward me this time as I am now in want of them – I have this day recd from New York the 20 try pots of 120 galls each which are much to my satisfaction & have now to request you will make me a further shipment of 30 try pots of 140 galls each of the same pattern as those heretofore recd from you – those pots I wish to receive as soon as they can be procured & forwarded  - the Brig Hope

59

arrived here on the 20th inst with a cargo of iron from Gottenburg – I expect my friends at Bremen will have made you a remittance for my acct on the receipt of this of which you will please advise me –

 

Capt Josiah Howland                            10 mo 18th 1828

 

                                    The ship Ann Alexander is now ready to embrace the first favourable opportunity to proceed on her intended Cape Horn whale voyage, thyself master – I recommend thy commencing this voyage with a steady purpose to bring it to a speedy & successful termination, always remembering it is by the dint of application & by the untiring efforts that every thing is accomplished – by Capt Baylies’ letter of the Golconda I find he got his oil from the 24th of Novr to the 11th of March at lat. 12 South & from 50 to 60 leagues from the land – he recruited at Callao in April & then calculated to run down as far as 5º South & cruise from that to the line until October & then return up in 12 º again where he had taken in 1000 bbls in 3 months – Capt Gardner says he has always found a whales in Longitude 83º to 88º & lat 14º to 10º S in October Novr & Decr which I think must be near the place where Capt Baylies got his oil – I think if thee should fall in with the Golconda Capt Baylies will give thee all the information he possesses – should thee think it best to go to Japan I think thee had better get a good recruit on the coast & not stop at the Sandwich islands but take a western course near the line, where sometimes a good of oil is taken –

 

                        I hope thee will be able to keep a regular & steady ships company with little visiting, constantly pursuing the object for which thee has undertaken the voyage, that is a cargo of good sperm oil, remembering that every day thee can shorten the voyage by thy exertion & great saving not only is to be made to me but to thyself and every other person on board, they drafts should thee have

60

occasion to draw on me will be paid but this I expect thee will have no occasion to do . I think thee had better avoid the Sandwich island to recruit at, it has got to be very expensive there – I wish thee to procure me a quantity of [?] shells if they can be got with out trouble & not putting thyself out of the ways, please get a few Cape Horn hats – wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return to thy family & friends –

 

To Cearns & Crary                              11 mo 24 1828

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 23rd Septr & 16 Octr with their inclosures has been fuly recd I notice the remittance from my friends at Bremen – I have this day drawn on you for £800 Stg at 60 days in favr of J Ricketson Cash which you will please accept & place to my Acct – Please send me in the 4th Month next (April) 30 more Try Potts 20 of 120 Glls & 10 of 140 Glls each & of the same pattern as those heretofore sent me –

I am &

 

To James L Hodges                              1 mo 15 1829

 

                        I have some wild land in the State of Illinois which fell to me from debt-

I fully believe I have been very much imposed on in the payment of the Taxes – I have paid to my agent $100 – for the purpose of paying the Tax – it will appear from the annexed copy of a receipt which I recd some time since from the auditor that he has recd $66 - & that then was left in his hands $7.20 to be applied to the payment of the tax of 1825.  I at that time sent enclosed to the auditor $5 more to make up the tax for 1825 – since which  I have heard nothing on the subject – will thee be so kinds as to enquire of the Representative for that state if they can recommend a suitable person who would take the trouble to attend to this business for me by being paid for it – on the other side I furnish the copy of the receipt recd from the auditor in 1825 which will throw some light on the subject –

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                        State of Illinois auditors Office

                        Vandalia [?Waldorn] November 15, 1823

 

                        I certify that George Howland has paid the sum  of sixty dollars being the amt of the tripple tax on five quarter sections of land for the years 1818 – 1819 & that he is entitled to a Credit of fifty two dollars and that the sum of forty four Dollars & eighty cents has been applied to the payment of the Tax for 1821-1822-1823 & 1824 on the SE 23 2 E – NE 36.9 N2 [?] NE35.6 N2E & SE 8 .6 N 4W & that he is entitled to a credit of seven dollars & twenty Cents to be applied to future taxes –

signed E C Berry auditor

 

P.S. my agent for paying the taxes resided in Washington

 

To E A & W Winchester                                  1 mo 28 1890

 

                                    Your favr of the 20th Sept last with Bill of 50 Bls Beef annexed was duly recd – the Amot of bill Beef $444.25 due 15/18 March 1829 – I now annex my Drft on E. Hathaway & Co for $446.25 to meet that bill which hope will be satisfactory –

I am &

 

To Cearns & Crary                                          1 mo 22 1829

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 9th Decr last with A/C inclosed was duly this day recd – the Acct is correct in principle & detail & agrees with my Acct so far as it embraces the items of the Acct – I have charges & credits which you have not – if it would not be too much trouble for you to furnish my Acct again after forwarding the last Pots requested I should be much obliged – The Try Pots by theYork I have recd here &  those by the George Canning have arrived at New York & are much to my satisfaction – Wishing you every success & a long continuance of our correspondence to mutual satisfaction & benefit – I have to regret my business is of so little consequence to you –

I am &

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To James M. Duncan                            1 mo 29 1829

 

                        I recd a letter this evening from one of the Representatives of this State at Washington to whom I wrote to make inquiry of the of the Representative for Illinois to recommend some suitable person who would be willing to pay Taxes on a few Qutr Sections of Land for me in that State by being compensated for it – thy brother Genl Duncan very politely offered to do the needful respecting the business & at the same time recommended thy name to my friend as being on the spot & would attend to it – Through this recommendation I take the liberty of addvising thee on the subject & shall be very much obliged by thy informing me what I have to pay on the Land discribed by the Auditors receipt annex’d which will show when the Taxes were paid – I had an agent at Washington that undertook to pay the Taxes for me I sent him $100 for that purpose & after receiving the Auditors receipt which acknowledged of having recd only $66 – I concluded I must have been [?reving’d] – If thou wilt do the needful in the case & inform me what amount will be wanted to discharge the Taxes due & expenses attendant & in what way I can remit the money I will give it immediate attention – (Copy of the receipt) after receiving the above receipt I address’d a letter to the Auditor & inclosed $5 which I supposed with the balance due me would pay my taxes for 1825 – to this communication I never recd any reply – & not knowing what course to take is the reason that I have making deferd paying the Taxes for the last 3 or 4 years –

I am &

 

To Cearns & Crary                              1 mo 30 1829

 

                        P.S. Since writing the foregoing I am this evening in receipt of your esteemed favour of the 26th Decemr with A/C inclosed which is correct & the balance due me of  £108.4.11 or $481.10 is in exact conformity to my Acct & suspends the necessity of complying with my request as above in forwarding my Acct after the last parcel of Pots should be shippd I fear the balance will not be quite equal to the Pots ordered, the numbers may be reduced to meet the balance if convenient –

I am &

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To Matthew Duncan                                         3 mo 18 1829

 

                        Thy favour of the 26 Ulto I have this moment recd – I am much disappointed in the situation of my land – I had no expectation that the land would be sold for the Taxes – I concluded there would be some increase of the Taxes by delay – the delay on my part was mostly from neglect & in part for the want of an agent or a correspondent at Vandalia & as I must be an entire stranger to thee as well as thy Brother – I hope it will not be considered arrogant in me to inclose a one Dollar Bank Note of the Bank of this Town, which will in some measure show thee my standing here which is the sole object in thus enclosing it – I wish such of my land as is redeamable to be redeamed & the Taxes paid on all that will be due for this year & for such of the land as is past redemption I should be glad to know on what condition it can be redeamed perhaps those who purchased this land will so consider my distant situation & other circumstances stated in my letter of 1 mo 29 that they may be inclined to relinquish their claims for a trifling more than the money which they have paid with the Interest on it – These lots have cost me a considerable sum of money already, much more than they are probably worth – I will immediately place the Amot that may be necessary the Taxes & redemption of this Land wherever it will be most convenient for you, or I will forward it direct in U S Band Notes if more convenient desirable – If thy Brother shall have returned from Washington on the receipt of this thou wilt please hand it to him & for thy kind attention in writing me on the subject please accept my thanks with a tender of my best [?reveres] on this place –

I am &

 

To H H Meier & Co                                         5 m 2 1829

 

                                    I have again loaded the Brig Hope Cap Pope for Bremen to your address with a Cargo of Whale Oil which you will please receive &

dispose of to best advantage – I should recommend

64

your making sale of the Cargo as soon after it was landed as you well can – there is no Oil in this market for sale at present & it is hardly likely that any will arrive of consequence for near a month to come – I wish you to give the Hope all the dispatch you can for Gottenburg for a Cargo of Iron, the quantity & kinds as of memorandum at foot – I wish you to remit to my Credit with Cearns & Crary of Liverpool as soon as you can assertain what you may think will be due me after paying for the Cargo of Iron as I am expecting daily 3 Cape Horn Ships, which will call forth all my resources as the Crews must be paid off in Cash – I was not so fortunate as to get my Glass shades for the lamp they arrived at New York but broken –

                                                I am &

24 Tons            2 Inch [?]

50    “               2 ¼

60    “               2 ½

25    “               2 ¾

15    “               3                                              45024 ½

6       “              ½ inch rods                                    93

4      “              7/8 [?Lqueur]                          45117 ½

180  Tons                                                        45317 ½

                                                                             200

To Enos Pope                                      5 mo 2 1819

 

                        The Brig Hope is again loaded with Oil for Bremen thyself master – I wish thee to embrace the first opportunity & proceed for that Port with all possible prudent dispatch, & on thy arrival at Bremen deliver thy Cargo to H H Meier & Co & receive their directions for proceeding to Gottenburg for Iron which will be furnished by Alexander Barclay & Co & from thence to this Port – thee will have a care that the Cargo of Oil is delivered in good order should the hoops be slack thee will have it drove – I expect every exertion will be made on thy part to bring this voyage to a favourable & spedy termination –

I am &

 

To Enos Pope                                      5 mo 4 1829

 

                        I have concluded since writing thee on the 2nd Inst to send the Brig Hope with her pressed Cargo of Oil to Rotterdam instead of     Bremen as there has a good deal of Oil gone to Bremen. I am in hopes this

 65

Cargo will do better at Rotterdam, therefore I wish thee to proceed direct to Rotterdam & deliver the Cargo letter which is directed to H H Meier & Co to Sturenberg Cankrien & Co & likewise the Cargo to them & request them to proceed the same as if the letter had been directed originally written & directed to them in every part – thee will show them this letter as thy authority for doing as thee has – I wish them to be very careful in getting along & take no risk that will expose the safety of the property every dispatch that can be made will be expected –

I am &

 

To Capt Walter Hillman                                                6 m 9 1829

 

                                    The Java is about ready for thee to proceed with her on her intended Whale Voyage I like thee should proceed with her off the Cape of Good Hope, with a view of trying that ground – should thee not succeed agreeable to thy expectations thee can cross over to the Brazil Bank – I have understood that the best whaling off the Cape of Good Hope was between the 15th of East & West Longitude & between 32º & 40º of South Latitude – thou art at liberty to act thy own judgment in fixing on the best whaling ground – wishg thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return & &

 

To Cap Joseph Padock Jr                    7 mo 29 1829

 

                        It appears that the Ship Hope is now ready to proceed on her intended Cape Horn Whale Voyage thyself Master – I recommend thy embracing the first favourable time, & put to Sea with a determination to prosecute this Voyage to a favourable termination, always bearing in mind that every hour is pass’d unimproved cannot be reclaimed – I have explained to thee my view with respect to thy Cruising ground & must leave thee in a great measure to the exercise of thy own judgment, assisted by such information as thee may procure – I wish thee to avoid the Sandwich Islands as a place of recruiting if possible –

66

Thy Drafts on me for any supplies or repairs for the Ship will be accepted by me, of this however I hope thee will have no occation – thee will have some bags of Salt put to thy Mast heads – please procure what rare shells that may fall in thy way – wishing thee a pleasant & successful Voyage & safe return to thy family & friends –

I am &

 

[There is a logbook for this voyage in the collection of the Newport, RI Historical Society]

 

To James M  Duncan (Vandalia)           8 m 14 1829

 

                        Thy esteemed fav of the 9th Ulto I have duly recd – I feel much mortified at the situation of my Illinois lands – I should like to redeam such of my lands as has been sold for taxes if it can be done on terms such as thee should think advisable – thy brother suggested the propriety of my sending forward my deed, for to be recorded which I now enclose for that purpose- the Amo of the receipts for taxes sent me by thy brother is $4.96 - $5.24 - & $.20 making $14.60 this amo I enclose I enclose my drft on Fish Grinnell & Co New York for – whatever additional expenses will be readily met by me on being advised – it may be that all my deeds will not agree with those which have been sold in my name I shall be glad to hear from thee on this subject –

 

To Cearns & Crary                              9 mo 15 1829

 

                        I have this day drawn you in favr of J. Ricketson Cashr for £1000 at 30 Days – which you will have the goodness to honour & place to my Acct – I have within a few days recd of [?M M] Swain £4.12.6 on your Acct

I am &

 

To Capt John D. Samson                                  10 mo 10 1829

 

                        The Ship Golconda is now ready to embrace the first favourable opportunity to proceed on her intended Cape Horn whale voyage thyself Master –I recommend thy commencing this Voyage with a steady purpose to bring it to a speedy & successful

67

termination always remembering it is by the dent of application & by the untiring efforts we are enabled to accomplish every thing successfully we undertake – I recommend thy cruising on the old ground where the Golconda has got her two last voyages – which was in about 12º S Latit & about 50 to 60 leagues from land the Ships logbook will be more particular as to place – I do not mean to confine thee to this ground but I have a great opinion of it from October to March – I must in a great measure depend on thy judgment in changing thy cruising ground when circumstances will warrant it – thee will be prudent & careful in all thy movements, consider well before thee acts – If thee should think it best to go to Japan I wish thee to avoid [?Warho] it is a bad place to recruit – I hope thee will be able to recruit keep a regular & steady Ships company with little visiting constantly pursuing the object for which thee has undertaken the Voyage that is a Cargo of good Spermaceti Oil – remembering that every day thee can shorten the voyage by thy exertions a great saving not ony is made to me but to thyself & every other person onboard – I do not mean possitively to confine thee to any cruising ground but shall expect thee will use thy best judgment in all things touching the voyage & to bring it to a favourable termination as is possible – thee will write me by every oppertunity – should thee procure any Oil going out & should have an opportunity of sending it home thee will ship it to the care of Fish Grinnell & Co New York to Josiah Bradlee& Co Boston to Shober &Bunting

             Philadelphia date thy bills of lading at Sea – I wish thee to have some flat square Bags of salt nail’d in all three of the mast heads – wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return to thy family & friends –

I am &

68

 

Cearns & Crary                        New Bedford, 12 m 1829

 

                        I shall be much obliged by your sending me 40 try Potts of 140 galls of the same kind you have heretofore sent me I should like to receive them by the 5 mo next

 

To James M Duncan                 1 mo 11, 1830

 

                        Thy letter of the 19th of last month I have this evening recd – the contents of which is not alittle trying – thou hast not my friend been [?ifered] upon – thy letter of the 9th of July (instead of the 9th June as stated in thine to which this is in answer) was recd & the following is a copy of my reply –

                                    here was the Copy made the above letter whith the Drft for 14.40 & the deeds I inclosed to thee at the time of the date of that letter & paid the Postage of the same which was $5 or upwards if I remember correctly what end it has made is out of my power to say – I think I gave it the same direction as I had done before I shall request the Post Master to write thee on this unpleasant subject – I will tomorrow procure an U S Note for for the Amot of taxes which has been paid & some in advance for what thee may have to pay & forward it – it was easier for me to remit in a Drft on New York as I could make just the Amot – I prefer taking another oppertunity to send the money as it might be the means of this letter miscarrying –

I am &

 

To James M Duncan                             1 mo 14 1830

 

                        Above is Copy of what I wrote thee on the 11th Inst – I now enclose $30 in U S Notes which thou wilt please receive & appropriate as my Acct with thee may require –

I am &

69

 

To Capt Edward Gardner                                 1 mo 24 1830

 

                        The George & Susan is again made ready for a Cape Horn Whale Voyage thyself Master, which voyage I wish the to prosecute to its termination with as much dispatch as possible- thee will avail of the of the first opportunity to get to sea – thee will use thy own discretion & best judgement in selecting the cruising ground – I have a good opinion of the Coast of Peru etc – I think if the should go to the Japan Coast thee would do well to return from that Coast to the Coast of Peru, direct as Capt Potter did in the Pacific – I think the George & Susan will go about as fast as the Pacific – I wish thee to keep bags of Salt at each mast head – keep the seams of the Ship well covered with paint & have water let into the ship in some ways to keep her sweet etc – I think with a good lookout thee will be able to get 100 Bbls of Oil to send home my Correspondents are at foot – have a proper care in every department of the duties of the ship – trust nothing to chance or good luck as some would say – there is nothing obtained in any department of life without seeking for it, with suitable energy & attention when this is done we can with more confidence expect our endeavours to be crowned with success – I have no doubt that every exertion will be made by thee & thy officers & crew to bring this voyage to a favorable termination remembering that every day is of importance to the voyage & that not even an hour should be suffered to pass unimproved for the promotion of the voyage – wishing thee a successful & pleasant voyage & safe return to thy family & Friends

 

[Logbook available for this voyage.  See Logbook #751, Microfilm 300/526-615]

 

Dear Brother [Cornelius Howland]                    3 mo 29 1830

 

                        The Brig Hope is now loaded with a Cargo of Whale Oil for Rotterdam thyself master – I have placed the Cargo under they care – thee can put it in the hands of Sturenberg Cankrien & Co if nothing should appear against it on thy arrival

70

Rotterdam – I prefer the Cargo should be sold from the Wharf unless there should be some circumstances that would make against an immediate sale – If Iron can be got at Gottenburg for ordinary sizes at £10.18 – or less- I wish thee to take a Cargo of 180 Tons & return to this port with it – should thee go for Iron I wish thee to direct Sturenberg Cankrien & Co to remit immediately to my Ct with Cearns & Crary Liverpool about what there would be due me after paying for a Cargo of Iron – should thee not go for Iron I wish the whole amount of the Cargo to be remitted Cearns & Crary Liverpool – I would be willing for thee to go for Iron if the price should be £11 – I think if thee should be industrious thee will be able to get back even if thee went for Iron by the last of the 7th Month – I think thee would do well to endeavour as much as may be to get home the forepart of the 8th Mo – as we sometime have bad weather in that month – should thee not go for Iron, I think it would be well for thee to stop a few days at Rotterdam & see ↑to↓ the Sale & delivery of the Oil –

            Inclosed I hand thee Invoice & bill lading of the Cargo – I am &

 

[written vertically]

            25 – 2 In

            25 -  2 ¼

            50  - 2 ½

            50 – 2 ¾

            25 -  3

              5 – Rods

 

To James M Duncan Esq                      4 m 14 1830

 

                        I wrote thee on the 11 & 14 of [?] last – since which I have none of the favour to reply to – I have within a few days recd my Drfts etc from the Post Master of New York – they were found in a barn in Stamford in Connecticut where the Mall was rob’d in August last year & the papers not found until very recently – my package was broken open & one of the deeds injured – as will appear – I inclose them again & hope they may this time reach thee in safety – in my letter of the 14th I inclosed $30 – I have taken out of my Drft which I had inclosed on Fish Grinnell & Co of New York for $14.60 – presuming the $30 had been recd by thee – hoping soon to hear from thee &

71

 

To H H Meier & Co                 8 mo 20th 1830

 

                        Above I hand you Invoice of Sperm Candles & Horns by the Brig Hope which you will please receive and dispose of the best advantage for her account the proceeds of which & balance of freight out you will pleace to C remit to Cearns & Crary of Liverpool for my Acct I wish you to give the Brig every dispatch that is possible on Acct of the season of the year – please send me two pair of your best [?] of [?Gure] if it can be done without subjecting you to any inconvenience without [?] your Fd  George Howland

 

To Cearns & Crary                              8 mo 30 1830

 

                        I have this day drawn on you in favr of J Ricketson Cashr at 30 Days – 3 setts of Exchange one sett for £400 – one for £500 & one for £600 – which you will have the goodness to honour & place to my Acct making together £1500 – I wish you to send me by first conveyance or as soon as convenient 40 try pots of 140 Glls each the same pattern as heretofore sent –

I am &

 

Crocker Richmond & Co                      9 mo 8, 1830

 

                        Your favr of the 28th ult I duly recd with your acc annexed – the two last parcels of Iron Hoops say 4 Tons & 10 Tons should be charged at $110, per ton at which price they were then retailing at in this place by B Rodman & others – which would make the balance stand $769.92 – which with this explanation you will please say what the balance should be & my acct shall be made in conformity – I have good Winter oil & should be glad to supply you with what you want – I have no summer oil at present –

72

 

To John Harrison                      10 mo 4 1830

 

                        I am much disappointed in not hearing from thee on the subject of oil & candles furnished thee last fall – please write me & say when I my expect payment - please send the acct sales of the candles – I hope to hear from thee soon –

thy assured friend

 

Cearns & Crary                        10 mo 6, 1830

 

                        I have this day drawn on you in favour of J Ricketson Cash two setts of Exchange one for Nine hundred & the other Six hundred Pounds Sterling at Thirty Days which you will have the goodness to honour when they appear & place the same to my acct

 

Bartlett Murdock & C              11 mo 3, 1830

 

                        I have been expecting for some time to have been made acquainted with the Cost & expenses of the New Mill & some arrangement & settlement between us respecting her – I do not wish the Mill to be continued in business with my having any interest in it until such a settlement & arrangment is entered into between us –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                11 mo 10 1830

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 9th Inst I have duly recieved – you will please send me by the first conveyance 46 pieces 1st quality Ravens Duck 8 pieces 2nd quality Ditto – 12 pieces Half Ditto – 18 pieces Light Ravens& 10 doz twine. I should like you would send me one or two pieces of you Imperial Heavy Duck.  I want to examine the quality- I hope to send you a load of Oil soon.  I shall want some of your Beef but will defer it for the present – should the Leader go to Boston with Oil in time for it she can bring it –

73

 

Shober & Bunting                                 11 mo 10, 1830

 

                        A Robeson when in Philadelphia a few days since saw the ship Dorothea of 451 tons belonging to a Frenchman by the name of Clapin, Thomas W Morgan made some inquiry though some other person & found she could be purchased for $20,000 provided any person would make that offer for her – I did not understand he named that price – but the person who made the inquiry was satisfied that she could be purchased for that sum – provided any one was prepared to make the offer of that sum for her – from the representation of the ship I should like to purchase her at that or a less price – I should be glad for you to get the refusal of her at or under that price until you can hear from me – I will send a person further forth – with on hearing from you to examine her – or see her myself, your best management is solicited in this case & inform me as soon as possible –

George Howland

by Augustus Howland

 

S & J Mitchell                                      11 mo 29 1830

 

                        Your two letters of the 21st Inst I have recd & note its contents – I need not tell you, that which I did, in declining selling my Oil I had a perfect right to do, & that in good faith for you, yourselves must know I had such a right had Oil fallen to 40 cts (as stated by you) you would have taken your letter from Capt Coffin & wrote  another saying “we decline taking thy Oil at thy terms” - & then it would and – had oil risen, I had a wright to say to you, I decline selling – at any time before seeing your answer – this is the opinion of several of our most intelligent Merchants whom I have confered with on the subject –

I am &

74

 

To Cearns Crary & Co                         12 m 1 1830

 

                        I have this day drawn on you in favr of J Ricketson Cashr at 60 Days for £650 Stg – which you will please honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To S & J Mitchell                                 12 m 14 1830

 

                        Your favr of the 8 Ins is recd my Oil is all try’d & nearly all strained – my business will not admit of my going to Boston to arbitrate this business, but if you wish to arbitrate it, it can be done here at any time, whenever it may suit your convennience – I should think ther was men enough here that would be competent of judging of the small Amt of damages that would arrive out of such a transaction if it should in their judgments be sustained, which I have no Idea can be from any principles of Justice –

I am &

 

To Robinson Weeden & Co                  12 m 16 1830

 

                        Annex’d I hand you Invoice of Oil & Candles by the Sloop Nelson Capt R West which Vessell will probably leave here in a day or two for your place – when recd you will please do the best you can with them –

I am &

 

To [?Sherman] & Hodges                                 12 m 16 1830

 

            Your favr of the 13th Inst came duly to hand & notice its contents – I call’d on J & J [?John & James] Howland respecting the little misunderstanding between us – they say, they wrote you, that I said, I should not consider myself holden at the price named, & that they said nothing about the return of Mail – the same day that I had the conversation with J & J Howland I sold 50 Bls of this Oil at 74ct 4 Months & the day following I sold 50 Bls more at ¢74 – 4 Months- & that it is selling in Philadelphia at 80 cts – for which place I have just loaded a Vessell with over 300 Bls – I have this day put onboard of Cap R West 8 Casks fall strained Oil for you as per bill annex’d, he will leave in a day or two for your place –

I am &

75

 

To Capt Daniel Holway                         12 mo 27 th

 

                        The ship Cortes is now ready to proceed on a Cape Horn Whale Voyage theyself Master - thee will embrace the first oppurtunity in proceeding on this voyage with a view of steadily prosecuting it to a favourable termination - it is by untiring efforts that great objects are attained and I have no doubt that with thy best exertion the voyage will be brought to a favourable termination – I shall not confine thee to any particular cruising ground but must leave this to you a gret measure to thy own judgement – thee will probably proceed for the Japan Cost this season if in time if not thee can take the Coast of Peru and about the Gallipagos Islands - the Golcanda found good whaling off Payta in latitude 12 S & 50 to 60 leagues from the land the best is from October to April – Capt Brayton says he will take from his Book the Lat & Long of the different grounds where he has found whales which I will hand thee if recd in time – I wish thee take every care of the ship & let no part of her part of her be neglected or injured for want of care keep her well covered with point – I hope thee will be able to keep a regular & steady Ships Company with little visiting constantly pursuing the object of the Voyage remembering that every day thee can shorten the Voyage by thy exertions is of great

consequence - be very particular that the Oil is made white & by no means let it be brown’d or the least couler’d by trying should thee get any Oil between this & the Cape Verdes & has an opportunity of sending it home thee had better do it – my friends in Boston are  Josiah Bradlee & Co New York Fish Grinnell & Co        Philadelphia

Shober & Bunting to either of which thee can consign the Oil I must impress upon thee to have a proper care in every department of the duties of the Ship – trust nothing to chance or good luck as some would say – there is nothing obtained in any department of life without seeking for it with sustained

74A

 

energy & attention when this is done we can with more confidence expect our endeavours to be crown’d with success – wishing thee a pleasant & sucessful voyage & safe return to thy family & friends

I am &

 

To W H Minturn &

            Leander Allen                           1 mo 3 1831

 

                        Your fav of the 30th Ulto I have this evening recd – I am entirely willing to give you a discharge & indeed I do give you an entire discharge from any claims of mine by your paying my drft of this date in favour of Abram Gifford for $509.30 the Amot  of fifty five cents on the dollar on the Amot of my demand against you & by receiving whatever further dividends your assignees may be enabled to make from your Assets

I am &

 

To Elisha Hathaway & Co                                 2 mo 7 1831

 

                        Your favr of the 22nd Inst with A/C annex’d is duly recd – the Acct is correct & my books are in conformity – likewise yours of the 31st is duly recd annexing A/Sales of Oil per [?Pomena] [?Npds] $1228.13 to your debit – I was sorry to see this lot [clared] at 74 Cts per Gall – I should have much prefered you had put it at 78 cts – I have Oil of the same kind now selling at Philadelphia & Providence at 80 cts – & has been selling at that price for near a quite two months at Philadelphia – I had several hundred Gls at that place & expect to obtain that price for every gallon –

I am &

 

To Gideon Howland                             2 mo 7 1831

 

                                    Thy favr of the 10th Ulto & 3rd Inst I have duly recd thy A/C appears correct and the balance due me of $280.83 to new account thy account is charged with the sales of 150 Boxes Candles received this evening say $1005.28 what has become of the claim against [?T] Isley Jr. & Co the error in the sales alluded to in my last was the $50 for 200 lbs Candles I did not recollect or do not recollect of thy having written me on the subject  

I am &

75 A

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                    2 mo 7 1831

 

                        your favour of the 31 ulto with its inclosures was duly recd – my Books are made conformable thereto exhibiting a balance due you of the large sum of $ 5866.32. I will endeavour to bear in mind your Sailcloth when I shall want the article If you wish you can direct the payment or any part of the Balance due you.                

I am &

 

To Cearns & Crary     

 

                        your exteemed favour of the 22 Decm last with Acc inclosed has been duly recd the acct is correct as far as it goes. I had drawn on you for £650 & paid a small sum to Seth Russell & Sons for your acco of £5.18.1 prior to the receipt of your letter which will make the balance differ this much from your acc – I expect my friends H H Meier & Co of Bremen have ere this made you a further remittance of about £200 more on my acc I have this day drawn on you in fav of J Ricketson Cashr Five hundred & fifty pounds at 60 days which you will please honour & place to my acc – you will please send me 30 more 140 Gall Try pots & two 30 Gall pots of common round sides.          

I am &

 

To H H Meier & Co                                         4 mo 2 1831

 

                        I have again loaded the Hope with Whale Oil for Bremen & placed the Cargo under the care of my Brother & directed him on his arrival at Bremen to consult with you for a better Market should it appear that Bremen is as good as any other market he will deliver the Cargo to you to dispose of in the best way & time for my Interest – I have given my Brother liberty to go for Iron if he thinks best or to return in Balast –

I am &

 

Cornelius Howland 3rd

                                    4 m 2 1831

 

                        I have made the Invoice of the Hopes Cargo in thy name with a view that thee may controll the Cargo in going to any other Port if it should be thought best on thy arrival at Bremen – things seem so unsettled on the Continent of Europe makes it necessary to procede accordingly – I wish thee to advise with

76

H H Meier & Co on thy arrival wheather there is any market that would be better than that of Bremen – if not – then put the Cargo into their hands & return home unless thee should think best to go for Iron – respecting which thee can do as thee feels a mind to go, or not – should thee go for Iron it will be best to advise Alexander Barclay & Co of thy intentions & that thee will take such sizes of Iron as heretofore – should thee return in Balast & should think it worth while to bring any kind of Stock thee will do it – I think there are a larger kind of [?qure] than those brought by Capt Pope – thee may get me a few more waistcoats –

I am &

 

To H H Meier & Co                                         5 mo 3 1831

 

                        The Brig Hope saild from this place on the 6th of last month for Bremen with a Cargo of Oil – hope she may have arrived long before the receipt of this letter - & that her Oil will meet a ready sale at a good price – I shall be obliged by your remitting to my Credit with Cearns Crary & Co of Liverpool about the Amot of the Cargo as soon as you receive this letter if the Brig has arrived at Bremen & should not go for Iron – should my Brother conclude to go to some other port – you will please give him the substance of this letter & much oblige your friend –

George Howland

 

To Charles F Wing                               8 mo 6 1831

 

                        Thy Acceptable letter of the 6th of April last with its inclosure came safe & duly to hand – I am much obliged to thee for thy promp’d attention to my troublesome land business – I wrote James M Duncan 1m 29 1829 requesting his attention & agency of my lands in Illinois & to pay the Taxes – to which letter I had a reply made by his brother Matthew Duncan who gave me the situation of the land – I then wrote him (Matthew Duncan) 3 mo 18 1829 & requested his attention to this business should his brother not have return’d . I then recd a letter from James M Duncan dated Vandalia July 9 1829 stating he had paid $14.40 Taxes on my lands – for which I immediately forwarded him my Drft on New York

77

& inclosed to him my Deeds for to be recorded – as had been recommended by his brother Matthew Duncan – my letter was dated 8 mo 14 1829 – the Mail by which this letter was sent was rob’d in the State of Connecticut & my Deeds & letter was found with other papers in a Barn & sent to me in 1830 – I again recd a letter from James M Duncan dated Decr 19, 1829 complaining of my not having remitted the Amot paid by him for my Taxes – which ^Amot^ I had remitted him more than four months before & the letter ( as it proved afterwards) had mispearned -  I then wrote him again on the 11 & 14 of March 1830 & sent him $30 with States Notes to pay my Taxes - & again wrote him 4 m 14 1830 & sent him my Deeds again – to the three last letters I have never had any reply- I requested our Post Master to write to the Post Master of Vandalia & to inquire of him respecting James M Duncan but he was not able to get any reply altho he wrote him twice – there seems to be a mistery in this business that I should like to see unfolded – by my letter what mispearned, not arriving when it might have been expected by James M Duncan – he James M Duncan suspecting my Character wrote

             the Post Master

here making inquiry to know about me – the way I became introduced to James M Duncan was through our Representative at Washington to whom I had written to inquire of the Representatives from the State of Illinois for a suitable agent at Vandalia to pay land Taxes – thus thee will see how I am circumstanced in this business – I have paid a considerable money for this land & should like now to hold it – I should be glad to continue the business under thy care & for thee to employ any person that may be suitable to attend to the particulars at Vandalia & I will provide to thee the funds that will be necessary – I shall be glad to make thee a suitable compensation for thy troubles in this business – thee will notice that James M Duncan has $30 unaccounted for, which ought to have been applyd to the payment of my Taxes after deducting the $14.40 & any loss to me in consequence of his neglect ought to be bourn by himself – I have no acknowledgment from him for the $30 – my

78

Mother has recently spent a week with us & is as well as usual for her, as likewise Father, they unite with me & my family in love to thee & thine – we should be deeply gratified with a visit from thee & any of thy family – with feelings of respect I am thy assured friend –

George Howland –

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       8 m 5 1831

 

                        Your fav of this date I duly recd – I have no Summer Oil on hand – I should be obliged by your sending me by first conveyance 12 pics of half Duck or 15 pcs of Imp No 5 – 4 pcs heavy Ravens Duck or 4 pcs of Imp Ravens – Imperial would be preferred & 120 [?] Twine –

I am &

 

To Cearns Crary & Co             10 m 22 1821

 

                        I have drawn on you in favour of J Ricketson Cashr for £500 at 60 Days which you will please honour & place to my Acct                                  

I am &

 

To Capt Timothy Upham                       11 mo 7 1831

 

                        The ship Corinthian is now ready to proceed on her intended Cape Horn Whale Voyage thyself master – thou wilt embrace the first favourable time (when ready) & proceed on said voyage, with a determination to bring it to a favourable & speedy termination – I shall leave thee to exercise thy best judgment in selecting thy cruising ground – I should recommend trying the Coast of Peru one season – unless there are or should be circumstances in thy judgment against it -

78

avoid the Sandwich Islands all that is possible – I hope & trust there will be no exertions wanting on thy part in bringing this voyage to a favourable & speedy termination – always bearing in mind that every day is of importance to the voyage & aught not to be suffered to pass without being improved to the very best advantage – the Interest only on the cost of the Ship is about $8 per Day – I wish thee to have great care in having white & clean Oil as it adds much to its value – by all means preserve a quiet & peaceable Ships Company – should thee by any means be under the necessity of drawing on me for any supplies or repairs to the Ship thy drfts will be duly honoured – I wish thee to write me by every opportunity – thee will give the Cotton Towline a trial & inform me how it answers – I think it will do well – vigilence & great industry is of vittal importance to one of these Voyages & I do believe that thee does possess them & will exercise them to the very best advantage for the Voyage – Wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return to thy family and friends –

I am &

 

To Cearns & Crary & Co                     12 mo 12th 1831

 

                        I shall be obliged by your sending me me in the usual way thirty 140 galls Try Pots of the sams kind heretofore sent and oblige yours &

 

To Thomas W Morgan             1 mo 3 1832

 

                        Thy fav of the 9th Ulto with my A/C annex’d has been duly recd – the Acct appears to be correct – the balance due me of 462.53 I have drawn for in favr of J Ricketson Cashr– which when paid will be in full settlement of the Acct – I have sent no Oil to market the last fall & I now have no Oil on hand of any kind –

I am &

 

To Nathaniel Winslow              1 mo 3 1832

 

                        Thy favr of the 25th Ulto with thy draft on Jonah Bradlee & Co  for $342.21 annex’d has been duly recd & thy Acct has Credit for this Amot – leaving a small balance due me –

I am &

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To Gideon Howland                             1 m 9 1832

 

                        Thy favour of the 5th Inst with A/C annexed has been duly recd – balance due me of $250.16 is correct & my Books are in conformity – I have candles on hand to send to New York when an opportunity presents please forward the enclosed letter to Liverpool & much oblige

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          1 mo 10 1832

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 7th Inst with my A/C Inclosed has been duly recd – the Balance due me of $1437.70 is correctly stated by the Acct – but your letter states it to be $20 more which is a mistake – my books stand in conformity to the above balance of $1437.70 due me – I have several hundred boxes Candles to send to ^the New York^ market as soon as the navigation opens –

I am &

 

To Fish Grinnell & Co              1 mo 27 1832

 

                        Annex’d I hand you Invoice  of 300 boxes candles shipped by the Leader which hope you will be able to sell to your advantage – I have your favour of the 23rd Inst with A/C enclosed balance in your favour of $11817.99 which appears correct and my books stand in conformity – My Son Augustus will want to draw on you the last of the 3rd month for about Four thousand Dollars would it be agreeable to you to accept a Dft for that amot from him on my acc, without my having paid you the old balance – if it will it may prove an accomodation to me and it may be quite convenient to me to pay it before that time, if I should have arrivals which I expect – &

 

To Cearns Crary & Co                         1 mo 27 1832

 

                        I have this day drawn on you in favr of J Ricketson Cashr - £500 Stg at 60 Days – which you will have the goodness to honour & place to my

Acct

I am &

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To Hussey & Mackay                          1 mo 30 1832

 

                        The Leader has not yet left, owing to the severe cold weather we had last week – Annexd I hand you Invoice of 300 Boxes Candles by her, which hope will go to a good market – I shall be obliged by your forwarding the inclosed letter to Liverpool – please write me on the subject of a Ship if you have any one in ^your^ view that will answer my purpose, what has become of the Georgia & what is your opinion of her should she be still onhand & for sale –

I am &

 

To Augustus Howland                          1 m 30 1832

 

                        Thy two letters of the 1 & 18 Inst I have duly recd & have fully considered their contents – I shall provide $4000 with Fish Grinnell & Co & $4000 with Hussey & Massey for thee to draw for, for the payment of the Farm – thee can go to the Auburn Bank some time before thee will want the money & make arrangements with them to negotiate thy Drfts for the above amot & then see Lapham & assertain from him wheather he will have the bills of the Auburn Bank or a Check for the Amot thee has to pay him, if a Check will suit him, then all thee has to do is two or 3 Days before thee makes the payment go to the Bank & give thy Drfts & have the Amot placed to thy Cr & give Lapham a Check for it – if Lapham prefers having the money thee can take the money along with thee & pay him thee could pay him at any time if he would discount the Interest, & thee could get the Drfts discounted on equally as good terms as if it was done a few days later – thee can draw for the $8000 at any time by letting me know before thee draws provided thee can get a discount of the Interest for the time thee pays for the Farm before it is due – I think it would be best for thee to pay for the Farm & get through with it if thee can & by that means thee may be able to leave home the sooner to come here – we are geting quite impatient for the time to come that will bring you all once more to our fire side circle  - I think thee had better not do much in making thy arrangements for business on & about the Farm until thee gets full possession of it by Deed as something may yet turn up to prevent thy having it – for this reason I encourage thy paying for it in advance of the time & get a Deed, which must put all doubts at rest – I notice thy

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having purchased a quantity of Red Ceader posts & should recommend after thee gets possession of the Farm to have a quantity of fencing boards saw’d 1 ¼ Inches thick & pretty clear of knots & I should think 14 feet long – they will make a much stronger form than 1 Inch will & very little more cost as it will take the same labour, posts & nails as the thin boards & not near as good when it is done & I should think would not last as long – I have about $250 in the hands of Gideon Howland of New York – thee can draw on him for that Amot or any part of it which thee may want – should Elizabeth want any money I wish thee to furnish her –

I am &

 

To Hussey & Mackay                                      2 mo 7 1832

                        Your esteemed favr of the 2nd Inst has been duly recd – the Ship J & Elizabeth is a higher priced ship than I should prefer – I now enclose you David Coffins Drft for $500 – Charles W Morgan Do for $1500 & John & James Howland Do  for $500 all of which are on yourselves – which you will please place to my Credit – I expect my Son Augustus will want to draw on you for $4000 in the course of two months – which you will have the goodness to honour & place his Drfts to my Acct

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       2 mo 7 1832

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 31st  Ulto with your A/C inclosed has been duly recd – your A/C appears correct & exhibiting a balance in your favr of $5948.71 my Books stand in conformity –

I am &

 

To Elisha Hathaway & Co                                             2 mo 7 1832

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 31st Ulto with your A/C inclosed has been duly recd & the balance of $169.52 is correctly stated & my Books stand in conformite there to – I have this day drawn on you given E A & W Winchester an order on your for $28 which you will please pay & place to my Acct – If I could meet with a good low priced 2d hand Ship of from 3 to 350 Tons I think I should like to purchase her – I have a Capt I wish to give employment to –

I am &

 

To E A & W Winchester                      2 mo 7 1832

 

                        Your fav of the 25th Ulto with bill & bill of Lading of 2 kegs [?Tengues] annex’d has been duly recd – the [?] has not yet

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arrived – annexed I hand you an order on Elisha Hathaway & Co for the amot of your bill of [?Tengues] $28 – for your attention I am obliged –

I am &

 

To Cearns Crary & Co             2 mo 7 1832

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 29th Nov & 13th of Decr last has been duly recd – the former enclosing Invoice of Pots per G Cannig (which vessell is unfortunately lost) & the latter your A/C exhibiting a balance of  £611.15.5 in my favour – which appears correct & my books stands in conformity there to  -

I am &

 

To Crocker Richmond & Co                             2 mo 7 1832

 

                        Will it be agreeable to you to send me (as soon as your River should open) by one of your Ships about 20 m commend [?Taunter] Bricks & from 5 to 10 Tons Hoops if the Vessell could bring more than the 20 m I would take her loads – please inform me – I am &   4d & 5d Hoops half each

 

To Melvin Bradford                              2 mo 7 1832

 

                        I wrote thee some little time since on the subject of sending the Hope to Savannah for Lumber – I have concluded not to send her for Lumber as the Ships begin to arrive from the East Cape – 5 – 6 have already arrived – I shall want the Brig to load with Oil before she could return – I shall be obliged by thy shipping me (provided it can be done on first freight) 50 Tons Timber 20 m heading Boards & 10 m feet Planks Plank measure of 2 Inch 2 ½ Do & 3 Inches thick – the most of which I should like to be 2 ½ Inch thick – the quantity may be [?ared] to accommodate the filling up of any Vessell  thee may obtain – for the Amot of the Cost of the Lumber thee may draw on me for payable in New York or Boston or Philadelphia – wherever thee can draw to the best advantage – advise me by March of thy intentions –

I am &

 

To Robinson Weeden & Co                              2 m 7 1832 

 

                        Your favr of the 2nd Inst with your A/C enclosed is duly recd – the balance due me of $2670.36 appears correct & my Books stand in conformity

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I gave William Almy an Order on you when I was in Providence for $240 which you will please pay – I gave Daniel Howland Jr or rather sent him an Order on you for the Amot of a small bill he had against me for some Cotton Tow Lines sent me by

             [?DR] Goune [? & Co]– which dont appear to have been paid – will you have the please make inquerery of  him respecting it –

I am &

 

To H H Meier & Co                                         2 mo 18 1832

 

                        I shall be obliged by your shiping me from the Port of Gottenburg or Stockholm Four to Six hundred tons of  Iron (in the proportion of sizes as at foot) at such time as you may think most to my Interest – I should prefer its being shipped so as to arrive here by or before the first of November next –

 

             50 Tons 2        Inch by ½ Inch

            100 “       2 ¼   Ditto -         Do

            200 “       2 ½   Ditto            Do

            100 “       2 ¾   Ditto            Do

              50 “      3        Ditto           Do

 

To H H Meier & Co                             3 mo 18 1832

 

                        I wrote you on the 18th Ultimo & requested you would ship me from the Port of Gottenburg or Stockholm 4 to 600 Tons Iron – I now wish you would not execute the Order – some circumstances having taken place by which I would rather not receive the Iron – the ship Java has arrived.  I shall load the Brig Hope with a Cargo of Whale Oil for an European market & I shall not be in a hurry to send her yet for some time- I think you will be likely to receive a pretty large supply at Bremen – I shall probably send the Hope either to Bremen or Rotterdam which ever port shall appear best at the time of  her sailing etc. 

I am &

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To Capt Cornelius Howland Jun                                   4 mo 27, 1832

 

                        The Brig Hope is now ready for sea, thyself master – I wish thee to proceed direct for Rotterdam & there call on Sturenberg  Cankrien & Co & deliver them the cargo unless they should think it more for my Interest to proceed to a second port, in which case thee will be guided by their direction – wherever thee discharges the cargo of Oil, thee will balast the Brig & return to this port- I trust no exertion will be wanting on thy part on bringing this voyage to a favorable & spe↑e↓dy termination – I wish thee to be very particular to deliver the cargo in good order if any of the Casks should be slack & leaky I wish thee to see ^to^ it particularly & have it put in good order – wishing thee a pleasant Voyage & safe return to thy family & friends –

 

Sturenberg Cankrien & Co                    4 mo 28. 1832

 

                        I have loaded the Brig Hope, Capt Cornelius Howland, with Sperm Oil again for an European Market – I have directed Capt Howland to proceed for Rotterdam & place the cargo under your directions, either to proceed to a second port or discharge a Rotterdam as you may find most to my Interest – I herewith send you Invoice & bill of lading of the cargo, which I hope you will be able to sell to good advantage either at Rotterdam, Bremen or some other place – if you should thing best to send her to Bremen, you will direct her to H H Meier & Co I should like to have about £2000 – remitted to Cearns Crary & Co Liverpool for my account, soon after her arrival at the Port of discharge & the balance when the cargo is sold – I wish the Brig dispatch’d back to this port –

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To H H Meier & Co                             4 mo 28 1832

 

                        I loaded the Brig Hope with an intention of sending her to Bremen – but I have since concluded to send↑let↓ her stop at Rotterdam & then assertain wheather a 2d port can be found preferable to Rotterdam for her Cargo – if so, she will proceed for it – if not, she will discharge their – about all of our South Seas Whalemen are in, & the Oil nearly all shipd, or stored to wate a fall market at home – I think their will be but little more Oil exported at present from this place – I recd a letter yesterday from H H Meier Jr at Boston advis- me the state of your market – which was stated to be better on acct of the injury to your vegetable Oil –

I am &

 

To Capt William Handy                        4 mo 30 1832

 

                        Thy letter of the 16th Inst was handed me some days since by thy son – I think it would be better for thee to send  Cut what wood thee contributed for this spring – as that would end all dispute as I must consider the 500 Cords at thy risk wheather standing or loaded – as there has already been time enough to have got the wood off the lot – I dont know that I should have any particular objections to thy finishing choping the balance of the 500 Cords next fall, but I am not willing to give that liberty – if thee defers it to fall, thee must take the risk of it thyself – I dont know that it will make any difference to me – I am willing to give thee the first chance to purchase the wood which I may have to sell off of these lots on which thee has been cutting –

I am &

 

To John Harrison                                              5 mo 27 1832

 

                        I have lately purchased of the Ports in New York, thy Mortgage to them of thy Real Estate in this place for which I paid them including Interest near $7000 – this with the Amot which thee owes me is as much in my judgment as the property would sell for, with with the disadvantage in which the property is now placed

87

by thy right of [?ecclenction] & thy Wifes right of thirds (should she outlive thee) – these are disadvantages that would operate against the property & if it was put to Auction it would not sell for more than my debt in which case thy Family would be destitute of a House as well as thy aged Mother now I propose to thee for the purpose of making the very best of the property that thee should sign the inclosed Quit Claim Deed to me & send it to William Rotch Jr & for him to make such an arrangement with me for it as will protect thy Mother & Wife in such parts of the property during thus their lives as he shall think proper & suitable – he may think it best to give them the House during their lives for their support – by his signing the Deed with thee which will enable me to sell the remaining property to much better advantage, as it will give an unencumbered title to it - & I think it is as good a time to sell Real Estate here as it ^probably^ ever will be – I dont want to property, only my Debt – every cent beyond that may be placed at the disposal or direction of William Rotch Jr – There is no trick or deception in this thing – all I wish is to assist thy family if it can be done justly – thee is aware that thy debts here are very much beyond any means here means here to meet them – it was thought that thy Real Estate here was free from incumberance & many attachments were made on it – J H & Co, myself & others, which of course all fell through – should thee think but not to sign the Deed – my only course would be to see the Mortgage for the Amot of my claims if it would bring it – in which case thy Family would be turn’d out of doors – during thy life at least & by by adopting the course which I have proposed they will be protected in their Home –

I am &

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To Capt Henry Colt                 

 

                        The ship Java is again in readiness to proceed on her intended thyself Master – I wish thee to proceed on the voyage as heretofore & should thee not be able to fill the Ship short if staying one year I wish thee to stay that time & then return if thee has 1800 bbls if thee has not that quantity of Oil in time to return within one year I wish thee to stay as long as thy provisions will admit if there should be any prospect of getting any more oil by staying wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return

 

To H H Meier & Co                             6 mo 25, 1832

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice & enclosed bill of lading of 89 casks whale oil per the British Brig Liverpool Capt Sampson Storm which you will please receive & dispose of as your judgment may dictate & the proceeds you will please remit to my credit with Cearns Crary & Co of Liverpool.  I find that one cask of oil – no 22- 184 galls is in dispute – I have no doubt myself bit the cask is on board – you will please take the necessary care respecting it    

yours &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       7 mo 13, 1832

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 12 of last month was duly recd and for your liberality and kindness please accept my thanks – I shall be obliged by your sending me 26 ps first quality duck Russian duck 8 ps 2nd quality Ditto & 6 ps half Ditto & 200 lb twine by first conveyance – please say what you can furnish me with Mess & No 1 Beef at –

yours &

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To Cearns Crary & Co             7 mo 13 1832

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 17th of April last with Invoice of 30 Try Pots enclosed has been duly recd as likewise the Pots – I shall be obliged by your sending me a further shipment of 30 – 140 galls Pots & 10 of 120 galls Ditto of the same kind as heretofore sent – please send me 4 of 200 galls Pots of the same shape & proportion as the 140 galls Pots are –

yours &

 

To Cearns Crary & Co                         9 m 1 1832

 

                        I have this day drawn on you four setts of Exchange at 60 Days, Viz – one sett for £600 – 800 £900 & £1000 Stg making together amounting to £3500 – in favour of J Ricketson Cashr – which you will please accept & place to my Acct – I expect you will have recd, ere the receipt of this, a further remittance for my Acct from Bremen of about £1000

I am &

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          9 mo 26th 1832

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice of 36 Casks Summer Oil per the Pilot which you will please receive and dispose of to best advantage – such Oil is selling here at 90 cts and at Boston 95 & I understand it is worth 95 at Philadelphia – I shall commence straining in a few days when I shall be able to take it to market faster –

yours &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       10 mo 11th 1832

 

            Annexed I hand you Invoice of 61 Casks Strained Oil per the Pilot which vessel is now loaded & will proceed for Boston in the morning I hope you will be able to sell the oil from the vessel at 95 cents & if you have to store some of it I think it ought to bring a little more. I am selling readily some of the Golconda’s Oil at 95 cents Cash as it was landed from the ship & it is expected by most people it will go

90

to a Dollar – If you can send me some good Oil Casks per the Pilot I should like it

I am &

 

To Elisha Hathaway & Co                    10 mo 11 1832

 

                        Annexed I hand Invoice of 60 Casks Strained Oil per the Pilot – she is now loaded & will proceed for Boston in the morning I hope you will be able to sell this lot of the Oil from the Wharf at 95¢ & whatever you may have to store of it ought to bring a little more –

            Crude Oil sells readily for 95¢ Cash & is expected by most people to go to Dollar per gallon

             I wish you to send me some Oil Casks per the Pilot any size under 130 galls will suit my purpose –

yours &

 

To Cromwell Barnard

            Nantucket                    11 mo 6th 1832

 

                        I recd thy letter of the 25th Ultimo & should have replied to it before had my engagements permitted it – I now annex a bill of the Oil & an acc of the amot received – the Cask of Head Matter thee must regulate to suit thyself – I regret their should have been any mistake about it – thee can charge me 10 cents per gallon for the quantity – 3 galls out the hhds – I have had a watch on my wharf night & day & their has been no leakage on the cargo, it is out of my power to acc for the outs of one Cask which thee mentions –

thy friend &

 

To Shober & Bunting                            11 mo 12, 1832

 

                        notwithstanding you are discouraging in the shipment of Oil to you, yet I have sent you a small lot by the William Brown as above which I have no doubt you will be able to sell -  the stock of Oil will not be sufficient for the wants of the country

yours &

 

                                                                                    91

 

To Capt Joseph Covell             11 mo 30 1832

 

                        The Golconda is now ready for sea bound on a Cape Horn Whale voyage thyself master – I recommend thy embracing the first favorable time & proceed on the said intended voyage with a full determination to prosecute it to a favorable termination - to do this it will require a steady purpose & to use all due diligence that is placed in thy power – a constant application of the powers that is placed at thy disposal will accomplish all that is expected & all that will be required – I wish thee to understand from me, that I expect that an officer of the ship will always during the voyage keep the ships deck I wish every care taken to make clean & white Oil – preserve harmony & good order on board the ship – thee can choose & select thy own cruising ground – Avoid the Sandwich Islands if possible – I wish thee to keep bags of Salt to all the mast heads during the voyage – should thee have occasion to draw on me for supplies for the ship thy drafts will be honored – write me by every opportunity & let me know thy intentions & prospects – I wish thee to procure me what shells thee can that comes in thy way should thee procure any oil & can send it home I wish thee to do it – my Correspondents are at Boston Josiah Bradlee & Co – New York Hussey & Mackay Philadelphia Shober & Bunting Baltimore Thomas Whitridge to whose care thee can ship Oil to – wishing thee a pleasant & prosperous voyage & safe return to thy Family & friends

I am thy assured

Friend

George Howland

92

 

To Capt Charles G Smith                      9 mo 15th, 1832

 

                        The ship Hope under thy command is now ready for to proceed on her intended Cape Horn Whale Voyage – I wish thee to embrace the first favorable wind & proceed on the voyage, with a full determination of bringing it to a favorable & speedy termination always bearing in mind that every hour is of importance & should not be suffered to pass unimproved for the benefit of the voyage I wish to impress on thy mind the great importance it is to harmonize the crew & officers & in the very first appearance of any thing that is likely to disturb it ought to be removed how ever I have full confidence that nothing will be wanting on thy part in bringing this voyage

to a favorable termination – I shall leave thee at liberty to select thy own cruising ground, the Golconda did very well on the Cost of Calf California in Jy & Feby – should thee have occasion  to draw on me for any supplies for the ship thy draft will be honored – I wish thee to have the Chain Cables properly taken care of & the mast heads filled up with Salt 2 or 3 times during the voyage & to have square bags of Salt kept on them during on them during the voyage Write me often that I may know thy intentions & prospects – I seldom make any insurance should thee be fortunate enough to send home the Cape Verde my friends in Boston are Josiah Bradlee & Co NY Hussey & Mackay Philadelphia Shober & Bunting Baltimore Thomas Whitridge to either of whom thee can consign too Should thee find thyself short of any materials or provisions thee will procure them & draw on me for the amot – do good justice to thy officers & crew & they will pay four fold for it – Be very particular to have White Oil

thy friend & &

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To Shober & Bunting                            12 mo 9th 1832

 

                        Your several esteemed favours of the 20th 234d 27 & 30 of last month has been duly recd & note their contents – the Grate has been received but not yet opened & likewise a bbl of Shag barks for which please accept my thanks – Since receiving yours of the 27th & 30th I have been looking out for a vessel to take some oil to Philadelphia, but as yet have not been able to procure one – I should have been very glad to have made you another shipment of Oil & still would do it if a suitable oppurtunity presented. We are in want of a suitable stove for our Meeting house to burn Coal in would you have the goodness to me send me one of a large size – if their should be no conveyance direct, please send it by way of New York –

yours &

 

To Capt William Handy                        12 mo 9th 1832

 

                        Thy letter of the 3d Inst with five hundred & twenty one Dollars was handed me a few days since by David Dimick – One parcel over run One Dollar, which I returned by David Dimick – I should be glad for thee to dispose of the Refuse wood as thee may think best and most to my Interest – I am willing to let thee have 500 Cords more of Wood off the Same lot thee cut the last wood from, at one Dollar per cord and I will in the course of a few days, say what thee can have five hundred Cords more at – all

to be taken from the same lot – I had Some conseration with friend Dimick about getting some timber & delivering  it at the Wharf to be cut from the other lot and from the heaviest timber, I will decide upon this a few days and let thee know –

Thine &

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To Hussey & Mackay                          1 mo 9th 1833

 

                        your favour of the 4th inst with your acc inclosed has been duly received & the acc is correct – balance due you of $3739.46 to new acc I wish you to close the Sales of my oil as fast as is practicable and oblige yours & -

 

To Shober & Bunting                            1 mo 9th 1833

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 3d inst with you acct annexed has been duly recd the acc appear correct and the balance $10328.25 to your credit in New acc – I do most cordially reciprocate your kind feelings and hope the coming year will be a pleasant and successful one to you – for your kind attention in forwarding the Stove, as well as many other similar kindnesses please accept my thanks – With much respect

&

 

To Gideon Howland                 1 mo 15 1833

 

                        thy fav of the 12th Inst with A/C enclosed was duly recd – with Acct appears correct, balance due me of $534.84 – to New Acct – please say what has become of [? J Isley] Jr & Co Note on Amot due from them - is their no prospect of obtaining any thing from them –

I am &

 

To Joseph Lawrence                1 mo 20 19, 1833

 

            Thy favour of the 16th Inst I recd last evening & notice its contents – I expected  my Brother Wing had paid the Taxes due me from me for one half the Estate formerly owned by owned by Joseph Wing – I will write him to do it, if it is not done for the years 1830 & 1831 – I did not, nor was I allowed to improve the whole Farm for those years, nor to improve my own half as I ought

95

to have done – I am not advised of the particullars of thy claim for this Tax – but if it is for the Taxes on half of the Joseph Wing Estate, which belonged to Friends in Sandwich thee must look to them for pay – any tax which thee may have against any property which stood in my name at the time of assessing the tax thee will never find any trouble in collecting if it comes to my knowledge 

Thine &

 

To E Craig & Co                      1 mo 12 1833 –

 

                        Your favour of the 7th Inst I have just received – I should like to have the timber for the two lower floors of my building which you have sawed – as early in the Spring as possible, please inform me its possible it can be shipped – for the other floors and the roof  I will send the dimensions for immediately – the floors for the 3rd and 4th stories will be 11 by 5 ½ and 10 by 5 inches I expect – I will consult Ephm Kempton [carpenter] and have the dimensions fixed and forwarded                        

Thine &

 

To Fish Grinnell & Co              1 mo 24th 1833

 

            your favour of the 23 inst with your account enclosed I have this evening received - on looking into the acc I find two Items objectionable - the first is the charge of 7 per ct – when in the last years acc only 6 per cent was allowed – I think you would not have made this charge of Interest, had you considered the state of my acc last year - there was a heavy balance due you by the acc which was not in reality due sometime in the present year which by crediting me the in- terest for the time made a balance of interest in my favour of near $300 – and in the same way by charging me the interest back in the present acc, makes a balance of interest of about the same amount due

96

you making as it was my intention to do the interest about equal between us for the last two years and I beleive you may go back for several years and you will find little or no difference between us – then why should there be two rates of interest chg’d – I question the policy of such a course in any case – but in the present surely there is no reasonable cause for it – The season is the discount and Exchange on I. [?H] B’s draft before I gave the draft to your M G  I asked him if their would be any expense in the collection of the Draft he said no nothing further than a few loss of days in geting it to my credit by its being paid in Baltimore your Banks collect it without any expense – I could have had the Draft collected through the Bank here and taken a Draft on you for the amount without any expense to me but I thought it would be less trouble to you to give the drft direct – I think you will readily see their is a propriety in the objections which I have made to this acc & that you will on examination be willing to remove them

yours &

 

To E Craig & Co                      1 mo 27th 1833

 

                        I wrote you on the 12th Inst since which I am without any of your favour – I called on Ephm  Kempton at the time I last wrote you for the dimensions of all the timber I should want for my building – he has not yet given it to me but as I want the timber here early in the Spring – I wish you to engage the timber for the 3 & 4th floors the dimension of which is 24 feet long 11 by 5 & 10 by 5 as at foot likewise 6 sticks to support the floor 66 feet long I will send further dimension as soon as I can get them – I have given the length of the 3d & 4th floor 1 foot longer than the others

97

the walls will be thinner as they go higher & will require longer timber – I am very desirous to have the timber here as early in the Spring as possible I want the two first floors here between the 1st & middle of April please write me & at what time I may expect the timber & what will be the price our seasons are so short that it makes it all important to have the timber to have the timber here very early in the Spring to enable us to get the building up & covered before the frost –

            130 Sticks 11 by 5 inch 24 feet long

            126 feet “  10 by 5    “     “     “

                4        “   12 by 12 “    66 “   may be in 2 pieces

                2        “   11 by 11 “      “               “

 

To G & C Bonney                                1 mo 29 1833

 

                                    Annexed I hand you Invoice of 8 Casks Sperm Oil of the first quality & enclosed a bill of lading of the same, which you will please receive & dispose of to best advantage for my Acct – I wish it sold before the season is over for the sale of Oil – I wish you to ship me on the best terms you can in the course of this season 100 Sticks of Yellow pine timber 12 to 15 Inches square & from 25 to 60 feet long few of the longest sticks will answer – I want it of the very first quality & clear from sap or as much so as it can  be procured & 3 to 4 m of 3 Inch yellow pine plank plank, measures of first quality & of good lengths as

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long as they can be procured – you may send me 10 to 20 m 1 ¼ Inch boards for heading they must be pretty clear of sap likewise – sap will not answer for heading at all – the boards may be varied in quantity to Accommodate the vessell that takes the lumber & even some more Plank & Timber may be added if it should be found necessary on loading the Vessel –

I am &

 

To Cearns Crary & Co             2 mo 2 1833

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 6th June & 21st Decr with your A/Current enclosed for the last year stateg a balance due me at the close of the Year of £708.17.6 – is correct & my Acct stands in conformity – I have likewise your favr of the 14 – 23 & 30th  June advising the receipt of remittances from the Continent for my Acct – I likewise have recd your favr of the 22 Sepr with Invoice of 44 Try pot which duly came to hand & are satisfactory – I shall be much obliged by your sending me with as little delay as may be 20 Try pots – 10 of 160 & 20 of 180 Glls of the same form & shape as those heretofore sent me – I shall draw on you under this date for £650 at 60 Days in favr of J Ricketson Cashr – which you will have the goodness to honour & place to my Acct – I some little time since gave a friend of mine a bill on you for £25 which you will please honour when it is presented & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To Elisha Hathaway & Co                                 2 mo 2 1833

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 31 Ult with your A/C enclosed, I have duly recd, stating a balance due you of $837.35 – which appears correct & my Books stand in conformity thereto – I hope you will soon be able to close the sales of my Oil – I have not had near as much Oil sold in Boston the last year as I did expect –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                        2 mo 2 1833

           

                        Your esteemed favr of the 31st Ult with your A/C enclosed has been this evening

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recd & is free from error & my Books are in conformity thereto makg a balance due you of $16904.05 – If John McNamend was good at the time the Oil was due Sep 26 1831 why was it not collected – please say if it is your wish I

 hould pay up the balance due you or shall I remit you at my convenience, or shall I send you Oil to meet it when it will in the course of the year – I shall commence making Candles in the 6th Month – I shall have a good many Candles to send to market the latter part of this year – I hope you will be able to close the Sales of the Oil you have on hand belonging to me –

I am &

 

To Fish Grinnell & Co              2 mo 9th 1833

 

                        Your letter of the 2d inst was this evening handed me on my return from Providence where I have been for Several days – You will have the goodness to return me the Dft on Baltimore & draw on me in favour of J Ricketson Cashr  – at sight without grace for the bal which appears by acc due you including the amot of the Dft – altho their is near or about $2500 not yet due & some part of it, not due until mid Summer you made no advances for me on acc my Son or the Posts – I remitted you the money specially for it – neither have you made any advance for me – the Balance is in my favr for the last 4 years – which will appear by the interest acc for that time & is about $60 in my favour –  my letter did not merit the reply which I have recd from you – I have held correspondence with many merchants & others for more than 30 years & never did I before receive such a letter ^as yours^ from any one of them- 

yours &

 

To Shober & Bunting                2 m 11 1833

 

                        Your esteemd favr of the 9 & 26th Ulto I duly recd – the latter covering A/Sales of Oil the Amot $2838.39 to you debit – I hope you will have ere this closed the sales of the other lot of Oil – McNaught was an imposter & the Drft of no value –

I am &

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To E Craig & Co                      2 mo 11 1833

 

                        I wrote you on the 12 & 27th Ulto since which I have none or your favours – i shall be much obliged by your writing me by the return mail respecting the timber & what time I expect to receive it in the Spring – I am very desirous to receive it early in the Spring – I now annex the dimentions of Timber for the roof –

 

 9 Beams 66 feet long 10 by 10 inches in 2 pieces with length to [?]

 9    “        24   “    “      8 by   12  “

18 Sticks  15 ½ “          8 “     12  “

18   “         26      “        8 “     12  “

  2   “       100      “        7 “     10    in 2 pieces

20   “          10     “        7 “     10

20   “          10     “        7  “      8  which you will have the goodness to inform me if you can procure with the other dimentions sent you heretofore – anctiously waitg your reply –

I am &

 

To Capt William Handy                        2 mo 22nd 1833

 

                        I wrote thee some time since respecting my wood – I at that time intended to have written thee before this time – I was not able to go to Sandwich until this week – I was on the Lot where thee was cutting the wood – I understood from my Brother Wing that wood is worth two Dollars per Cord standing – Weston had told him that it had been sold as high as 2 1/4 Dollars per cord on a lot about 1 mile nearer the shore than what mine is, if this is case I must ask 2 Dollars for mine what you cut over the 5 hundred Cords, which I agreed you should cut at 1 ¼ Dollars per cord – I mentioned something about getting some ship timbers – I have ↑not↓ been able to get a suitable man to mould the timber – I wish you to leave standing all the large trees that will be suitable for

ship timber –

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To [no name]                            2 mo 25th 1833

 

                        I shall be obliged by thy sending George Howland Jun as likewise Augustus Howland of Aurora (or near Aurora) Cayuga County State of New York (My son)  & charge them to my acc – I esteem the Friend as a very valuable publication & is calculated to do much good in our Society & hope (for the honour of Society) it has a liberal support –

Yours &

 

To John Paul                            2 mo 25th 1833

 

                        Your circular of 12 mo 10 with Subscription Paper for the Bible Association of Friends in Philadelphia was duly recd by me – I have called on such Friends as I thought would be willing to contribute to so desirable an object – but the result has not been so favorable as I anticipated & much ^less^ than I would have wished – annexed I hand you a Check on New York for the amot say $15 which you will please receive with my best wishes for the success of the desirable object in which you are so honourably engaged –

Yours &

 

To William H. Minturn                          2 mo 25 1833

 

                        Thy esteemed favour of the 22d inst I have duly recd & have in conformity with the liberty given drawn this day on you in favour of Fish Grinnell & Co for $240.83 - which thee will honour & honour place to my acc- I feel highly gratified in the course you have taken in the settlement of your affairs & I have no doubt the result will be much to your advantage in establishing such character as will be worth more to each of you than money – It will always be gratifying to me to be usefull to thee -  

Yours &

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To Fish Grinnell & Co                          2 mo 27th 1833

 

                        Your favour of the 20th I note I have recd & have considered its contents – I feel willing to accept the explanation of the meaning of your own language & shall endeavour to bring back my feelings to what they were before the receipt of your letter of the 2d inst but I must say your intimations of advances for my acct did convey to my understanding that their was not that Com’l liberality which I had been led fully to expect from a House of your standing & a House under its different names I had done buisness with from its commencement a period of over 30 years – I had the last year a very heavy buisness to encounter 3 ships from Cape Horn which took over 50,000 Dolls to pay the Crews which must be cash down – 5 Ships to fit out for long voyages which cost over 90,000 Dolls – 1 Ship new in the buisness to be paid for & all this to be done before I could realise anything of consequence from their cargoes of Oil – I wrote my friends Hussey & Mackay of New York Josiah Bradlee & Co & Elisha Hathaway & Co of Boston to know if they would accept my Dfts on them on time to help me through with my buisness, they all readily granted everything I asked of them – I did drawn on them for large amots which they paid – at the close of the year I owned Josiah Bradlee & Co over $16000 which they had actually paid for my drafts at short sight over & above the Sales of Oil which they had made for my acc- I wrote them to know what was their wishes respecting the balance which was due them – they replyed to me to remit them at my convenience - & this too was done without any charge of Commission of any kind whatever & at an Interest of 6 per ct – my Dfts on Hussey & Mackay & Elisha Hathaway & Co have been nearly or quite met by Sales of Oil etc I mention these things only that you may know how such of my Old friends have dealt with me under the circumstances in which I was placed – It was the principle of the charge of two rates of Interest that

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I contended against & not the amot of the difference which it made – as for the Dft their was an understanding about here – annexed I hand you a Dft & Checks to the amot of $1340.83 which you will please place to my credit - 

yours &

 

To Cap William Handy             3 mo 4 1833

 

                        I recd thy letter of the 26th Ult on the 2d Inst – It was my intention at the time I wrote thee by D D to have gone to Sandwich soon, but I was prevented until a little before I wrote thee last – when I thought I could better learn the price of wood – I was told by Capt Gibbs at the head of the Bay that all the wood within their limits had been sold at $2 standg the last year & that he new of but one lot to be sold at that & one lot they would not set a price upon – I think I have sold thee what wood I have agreed for thee to have at much too low a price & that thee can in consequence afford to pay higher for the balance I am willing thee should receive of the 500 Cords which I sold thee at 1/25 & for the balance which thee has Cut & in the lot at 1/50 per Cord – but I should not be willing to have any more cut at present at that price – I have no doubt thee will do well with wood thee has had of me – I wish the wood standing to be left snug & tidy –

I am &

 

To Oliver Fales             3 mo 12 1833

 

                        Thy favr of the 1st I have recd – I shall want to use Lime by the first of next month, but I have concluded to take a Cargo of thee on thy terms say 500 Casks at 1/37 ½ Cash, the Lime to be of the first quality as no other will answer my purpose – I wish thee to get it here as much earlyier than the 20th of next month as is possible – I expect that lime will be lower as the new Tarrif  will give a great check to business –

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To G & C Bonney                                4 mo 7 1833

 

                        Your favour of the 1st & 19 of March have been duly recd – the former annexing acc Sales of 8 Casks Sperm Oil per the E & Abbey – the net amot of which $657.56 has been recd by a Check on the Branch Bank Boston & is satisfactory – I have ↑not↓ been able to procure any vessel here to proceed to Savannah for the timber & Plank which I have requested you to send me – I am not in want of the timber & plank until late this fall altho I should like to receive them this summer – it is likely you may be able to procure a vessel in the course of the season I shall not engage a vessel until I hear again from you –

 

To Wing Howland                                4 mo 7 1833

 

                        I recd thy letter of the 31st Ultimo & would have been sooner answered had it not have been for company & Quarterly Meeting – I wish thee to procure some suitable ^person^ to take the farm one that will be honest & do justice & in some measure take care of the wood and other property – I wish thee to agree on terms with the person the gets to take the farm & let him take such of the Stock or the whole of it as he may like at your apprisal – I shall be willing to give thee a part of what is saved off the farm for thy ^trouble^ putting it out & continuing thy care over it with the tenant.  I wish thee to take an Inventory of every thing that is left on the farm & in the House – the furniture that belongs to me had better all be put in the East front Room & the Beds & bedding etc in one of the Chambers such as you may think most suitable – the Tenant ought not to be allowed to cut any merchantable wood for his own use or any other purpose

105

 

To Shober & Bunting                            4 mo 8 1833

 

                        Your esteemd favr of the 13 & 30th Ult has been duly recd – the Stove has been lately recd – Oil has not fallen but little with us & but very little here of any kind description of Sperm Oil – I sold Charles W Morgan & William R Rodman for light houses about all the strained Oil & much of it very dark that I had for sale at 85 cts 3 Months – I have about 700 Whale Oil of superior quality which I shall hold for the fall market – I shall commence making Candles in about 2 months, when I hope to furnish you with some – Whale Bone cannot be purchased in this market at present for less than 11 ½ Ct Cash & I doubt wheather much could be had at less than 12 or 12 ½ Cts –

I am &

 

Sturenberg Cankrien & Co                   7 mo 2nd 1833

 

                        The Bark Hope Capt John Howland Jr. is loaded with Whale Oil as per invoice & Bill of Lading enclosed – which vessel & cargoe I send to your address with a hope that you will be able to dispose of it to good advantage – Oil has risen here a considerable within a few days – the importation of that article is far short of last year and I think it will continue to improve – I wish you to give Capt Howland what dispatch you can for Gottenburg – I intend her to take a Cargoe of Iron for this Port – You will plase to open a credit to enable Alexander Barclay & Co to Draw where they can an the most favourable terms for my Interest for the amount of the Cargoe of about two hundred tons of Irons – the Balance you may remit to friends Cearns Crary & Co Liverpool –

yours &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 7 mo 2d 1833

 

                        The Bark Hope Capt John Howland, Jr. with a Cargoe of Oil will probably sail in the morning for Rotterdam & from thence to Gottenburg to your address for a cargoe of Iron. you will have

106

the goodness to dispatch her with a cargoe of about 200 tons agreeable to the memorandum at foot – I have directed my friends Sturenberg Cankrien & Co of Rotterdam to open a credit for you to the amount of the cargoe where it may be most favourable for my Interest This letter I send by the Hope to Rotterdam & hope it may reach you from that place in time to have the cargoe in readiness on the arrival of the Hope at your Port  

Yours &

25 tons     2 inch by ½ inch

40  “         2 ¼  “       “

75  “         2 ½  “       “

40  “         2 ¾  “       “

20 to 30 “ 3      “       “

 

Capt John Howland Jun                        7 mo 2d 1833

 

                        The Bark Hope is now ready to proceed for Rotterdam thyself master on thy arrival there thee will deliver cargoe to Sturenberg Cankrien & Co to whom I write by thee – from thence thee will proceed with all possible dispatch for Gottenburg and there apply to Alexander Barclay & Co for a cargo of about 200 tons of Iron – I think thee may load her to about 14 feet, which may take a little more than 200 tons to do – I write to Alexander Barclay & Co by thee, which letter I wish forwarded by Mail from Rotterdam which will enable them to have the cargoe of Iron in readiness for thee on thy arrival at Gottenberg – thee will See that the cargoe is landed in good order, if any of the Hoops appear to be slack thee will have them drove – after getting a cargoe of Iron thee proceed for this Port – wishing thee a pleasant voyage & safe return & am thine & If the Hope should need any sails thee may get them –

 

[Logbook available for this voyage.  See #596, Microfilm 286/943-970]

107

 

To Cearns Crary & Co             8 mo 21, 1833

 

                        The Bark Hope Capt John Howland, Jr. sailed from this Port on the 4th of last Month for Rotterdam with a cargo of whale Oil – from thence she would proceed for Gotten- burg for a return cargo of Iron – the balance of her cargo out to Rotterdam after paying for the Iron I directed my friends to remit to you.  I shall be obliged by your sending me as soon as you well can 10 of 120 – 20 – 140, 10 – 160 & 10 – 180 galls Try Pots of the same description as you have sent me heretofore – the 140’s I am in immediate use of –

Yours &

 

To Capt Edward Gardner                     9 mo 29th 1833

 

                        The George and Susan is again ready to proceed on intended Cape Horn Whale voyage and the third voyage of which thee has been Master of her – I wish thee to commence this voyage with renewed avidity and determination to prosecute it without loss of any time to its termination – I have always found in my experience in business that whenever I made use of all the means placed in my power, without loss of time, I always accomplished all I had or could have expected to the full attainment of whatever object I had in view – and I have no doubt if thee will pursue this voyage without any loss of time, constantly and steadily it will terminate sucessfully, to do this vo thee

must avoid keeping company with any Ship or Ships and never run One Mile out of thy course to speak a Ship, there are always fools enough that will run after thee by which thee

108

can obtain all the information that is necessary – I do not expect thee will allow any visiting either by others on Board the George and Susan or by thyself visiting on board other Ships that is not absolutely necessary, this disapprove altogether – I am not willing to send Ships round Cape Horn for them and the men & property to be detained for

such purposes – was I to go around Cape Horn for a Cargo of Oil their would nothing diver me from it until I had obtained a full cargo the object for which I went – a constant application of the power that is placed under thy controul (Ship & Men) will accomplish all that is expected and all that will be required – I wish thee to understand from me that I expect that a responsible officer of the ship will always during the voyage keep the ships deck I do not consider a boat stearer one of that description – It is of great importance to preserve harmony and good order on board the ship during the voyage. Thee  can select thy own cruising ground and in doing this I wish to avoid being in company with other ships as much as is possible as I am fully satisfied where there is a large number of ships Whales will be scarce and wild, it is a natural consequence – avoid the Sandwich Islands if possible – I wish thee to keep salt at all the mast heads during the voyage – take good care that the Chain Cables do not rust – should thee have occasion to draw on me for supplies for the Ship thy Dfts will be honoured – write me by every oppurtunity and let know thy intentions and prospects – I wish thee to give A Howland a good oppurtunity to improve himself in the art of whaling this I have promised him he should have – the Golconda Capt Sampson on her last voyage got oil

109

very fast on the Coast of California in the months of January & Febuary – do good justice to thy Officers and men and they will pay thee four fold for it – I totally disapprove Men being kept up nights to accomodate company on board or out of the Ship which must not be done – wishing thee a  short, pleasant and sucessfull voyage and safe return to thy family and friends and remain

thy assured friend

&

[There is a logbook for this voyage in the collection of the New Bedford Public Library]

 

 

To Cearns Crary & Co             10 mo 7, 1833

 

                        I have advises from my friends at Rotterdam of the arrival there of the Bark Hope Capt John Howland Jr. with a  cargo of Oil on the 11th of August and that they

had sold the cargo on the 16th of same month. the Bark would proceed to Gottenburg for Iron and the balance of her cargo out would be remitted to you £1500 or upwards which I have no doubt you have received ere this as my friends at Rotterdam have heretofore been very punctual in their remittances – under these circumstances I have taken the liberty to draw on you this day at 60 days in favour of James H. Crocker Cashier two sets of Exchange one for £400 and the other for £350 Stg making together 350 £750 which you will have the goodness to honour and place to my acc – If anything should turn up to prevent your receiving the remitance in time, you will have the goodness to protect my Dfts and advise me of the same, and I will provide immediately for them. 

Yours &

110

 

To Cearns Crary & Co             11 mo 13th 1833

 

                        Your several esteemed favours of the 30th of August & 7 & 14 Sept have been duly recd.  I have this day drawn on you for £500 Stg at 60 days which you will have the goodness to honour and place to my acc

I am &

 

To G & C Bonney                    1 mo 26, 1834

 

                        Your favour of the 7th Inst I have duly recd with a Check on the Merchants Bank New York for $634. 49/100 for amot of Sales of Oil rendered in September last which is all correct & satisfactory.  I have some Oil in Baltimore unsold the last accts which I will direct ship’d to Savannah should it remain unsold. our river is frozen up. I intended shipping you some Oil and candles in the fall. no satisfactory oppuriunity presenting it has been omitted –

Yours &

 

To Thomas Whitridge               1 mo 26, 1833

 

                        I have a letter from G & C Bonney of Savannah (who have sold Oil and Candles for me) saying “fall strained Sperm Oil light coloured is worth in this Market from 95¢ to $1 per gallon” If you have my Oil or a part of it on hand unsold and an opportunity shoud present to ship it to Savannah I should wish for you to do it, and consign to G & C Bonney for sale on my acct – provided you cannot sell it equal to shipping it for the above prices – I should be glad to be advised from time to time respecting the sale of my Oil and candles

Yours &

 

To Gideon Howland                 1 mo 26 1834

 

                        Thy favr of the 15th inst with A/C enclosed I duly recd – which appears correct & my Books stand in conformity Balance in thy favour of 62 cents   

Yours &

 

                                                                        111

 

To Capt William Handy                        1 mo 26 1834

 

                        Thy letter of the 12th Inst I duly recd by Capt Perry who paid me Two hundred Dolls on acc of Wood for thy acc – I do not wish thee to be put to much extra trouble to procure the balance which is due me for wood, but I can assure thee, there has been no time since I have done business that I have found it so difficult to command money as at present.  I have a ship just in with a cargo of Oil and the crew must have money at some rate or other – when thee can accomodate me with a part or the whole balance which is due me it will oblige me much

Yours &

 

To Hussey & Mackay              1 mo 26, 1834

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 15 Inst with your A/C enclosed I duly recd – the acc appears correct & the balance of $1912 15/100 due you is to your credit in New acct – I hope you will be able soon to make favourable Sales of my Oil & Candles that the balance may appear on the other side of the acc – Those individuals of whom you inquire are considered good with us – what has become of the young man that was booking buisness through your assistance at New York I think his name was Hatch – the Rousseau has just arrived here from Tarpaulin Cove with a fill Cargo of Oil 200 of which is Sperm – I expect to load the Hope so as to sail as soon as Winter breaks here – the Balance of her Whale Oil and Bone is for sale & should like to be advised of the value of it at New York – what is the state of the money market and when is it expected to be more easy    

Yours &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       1 mo 26, 1834

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 17 Inst I duly recd – I fell feel under much obligation to you for your very prompt readiness to assist me with an advance – I have means much more than sufficient to answer all my purposes

112

could I command them, but this is out of the question at present – I have the Ship Rousseau just in from the East Cape with 2200 bbls Whale Oil & 200 Bls Sperm, with the usual quantity of Bone. this will increase my wants for money, as it will take a considerable sum to pay off the Crew – I should be glad to realize from you from the 1st to the 20th of next month – the amot proposed to accomodate me with – With much respect

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       2 mo 6, 1834

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice of 18 Casks best Winter Oil by schooner William Captain Stackhouse which I wish you to sell on best terms you can. I do not wish for it to lay over the season this was all I could get ready to go by this coveyance, should their be a sale for more, I sill ship it by next oppurtunity, of which you will please inform me.

 

            The Rousseau has been prevented getting in by the Ice we have now got some Oil on shore from her in lighters and should have sent some by this conveyance had their been time to have got it ready.  the Schooner went over to Fairhaven today and is not expected to return  I should have been glad to have sent you 100 bbls – A manufacturer of whale Bone in Boston has written here to purchase Bone. I dont know the name, they offer very low for the Bone thorough an agent here if you could sell from 15 to 20000 bbs of Bone for 15cts Cash or if they should offer you 14¢ I wish you would ^hold^ them for an answer from me – if they will not do this, you are at liberty to accept it if you should think best -   

Yours &

112

 

                                    New Bedford 2 mo 7, 1834

 

To Fish Grinnell & Co

 

                        Your favr of the 28th Ultimo I have duly recd with your acc annexed, which appears correct & my Books stand in conformity – I hope you have by this closed the sales of my candles

Yours &

 

To Robinson & Co                   2 mo 8, 1834

 

                        Your favour of the 27th Ultimo I duly recd with A/C annexed, which appears correct and my Books are in conformity.  I should be glad to know how you progress in the Sales of my candles – please say if your River is open and whether you can sell any whale Oil & what quantity & price -   

Yours &

 

Joshua B. Tobey                       2 mo 10  1834

 

                        Thy letter of the 31st was recd with pleasure as it gave it much pleasure encouragement of M & M being able to get along with the Drfts which thee had made upon them for acc of the Mill – I wish thee still to urge them to vigilance to make seasonable provision for such Drfts as yet may be coming due in New York – I fear we have not yet seen the worst of things as it respects money concerns – I wish thee to be shaping everything for settlement of the whole concerns of the Mill, and have everything so as to state it in an acc on paper – which will show the Iron purchased from time to time and likewise the Nails, plates etc sold – it is very much feared that Specie payment will be stopped in New York. I dont know what effect this may have on those who hold thy Drfts on New York, they may refuse to receive anything but Specie for them – in that case would they not come back if Specie was refused. – I er very much fear some evil will grow out of this buisness

114

before it is got through with yet If the Drfts for next Month could be anticipated in payment by any means I should be glad so if Specie payments should be likely to be stopped at New York the Drfts should not come back – I should be glad to have a memorandum of the amounts in each month after this which M & M have to pay & likewise the amot which thee has to pay in each Month & where it is due - 

Yours &

 

To John Farnum                       2 mo 10 1834

 

                        I take the liberty to write a few lines on the subject of money the all absorbg question of the day – I have understood thee was one of the Directors of Branch Bank in Providence I  want my Drft on Shober & Bunting Philadelphia at 3 of 4 months for 3 to 5 thousand Dollars discounted very much. I have a Ship in which will require several thousand Dolls to pay the crew off & our Banks here are not able to do but very little at present – I thought perhaps thee could get a Drft of this description passed or discounted if any one could – I would send thee a Drft for such an amot & such time as thee may think best (if thee should think favorable of it ) payable to any person hence who would endorse, or if it would be more likely to pass with thy name I would procure William Rotch Jr or some other responsible person here to give thee a Bond of indemnity for thy responsibility. thee will please give me thy view on the subject & excuse the liberty I have thus taken – I ha intended to have attended the last School Committee – I  had made preparation for it & was to have started at 4 o’clock 6th day morning but it threatened so much for a Storm which commenced very soon after that time, I was obliged however reluctant to relinquish it -                                  

Thine &

115

 

To G & C Bonney                    2 mo 13 1834

 

                        I have a letter from Thomas Whitridge of Baltimore stating they had ship’d you what Oil I  had in his hands for Schr Sophia & that he would forward you Acct of the same – I wish you to make sale of it for Cash if practicable & remit me the Amot – Cash is a Cash article with us you may depend – I hope your best exertions will be used to effect a ready & an advantagious Sale – the Oil is of the very best quality & was strained late in the season –

I am &

 

To H H Meier Jun                                2 mo 13 1834

 

                        Thy favr of the [?] I have recd – I should ↑like to have↓ 4 or 5 Thousand Dollars placed to my Credit in one of the Banks in Boston next week – I wish thee to negociate for the money in such way as in thy judgment will be most to my Interest please say in what way I must secure you in this advance & wheather if I should want a further advance a little hence I would have it – I shall commence loading the Hope next week, should the weather prove favourable – we shall finish discharging the Rousseau this week – I propose for the Hope to sail the first of next month if the weather should then prove favourable –

I am &

 

To Robinson & Co                    2 mo 13 1834

 

                        Your favr of the 10th Inst with A/Sales of 100 Boxes Candles enclosed has been duly recd – the Amot of the Sales say $928.30 is place to your Debit – I have no more Candles on hand at present – I have not got the Rousseau yet discharged – the weather has been very favourable, as soon as I can get her dischd & the voyage settled I shall be ready to have some Oil started into Bls & sent to Providence provided it should then be advisable – I will write you in time on the subject – I calculate to load the Hope for Europe out of the Rousseaus Cargo – she will take near 1700 Bls which will leave several hundred Bls on hand – this I should like of course to dispose off in the best way I can – it will take some little time to arrange the business –

I am &

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To H H Meier Jun                    2 mo 18, 1834

 

                        Thy favour of the 17th Inst I have this evening recd – as also the Drft on Caspar Mier & Co for $5000 annexed – I now return the Drft endorsed as requested – thee place the amot to the Credit of James H. Crocker Cashr in the New England Bank & send me a certificate of the same – we have commenced loading the Hope & shall expect for her to sail the last of next week or the beginning of week after – she will take 1700 bbls or upwards – what is thy last advice from Bremen I thought of  sending 8 or 10,000 bbs of Bone please say what that article is worth at Bremen                          

Thine &

 

To Elisha Hathaway & Co                    2 mo 18 1834

 

                        Your favour of the 17 inst I have this evening recd – I now annex my Drft on Shober & Bunting at 3 months for $2000 -  I shall be much obliged if you can procure it discounted – I am not willing to sell Bone at 11 cts cash - I would take 12 ½ cents for 4000 bbs delivered here free of any expense to me – I hope you will be able to manage to sell the Oil in your hands –

Thine &

 

To H H Meier & Co                 3 mo 10, 1834

 

                        It is a long time since I have had the pleasure of addressing you – I have now to advise you of having loaded the Bark Hope Capt William Seabury with upwards of 1700 bbls Whale Oil and about 8000 bbs Whale Bone for Bremen and to your address as per Invoice & Bill of Lading enclosed – you will please receive this cargo and dispose of it to best advantage for my interest – the Invoice & Bill of Landing will show that my two Sons have an interest in this cargo, of this however it need make no difference in your buisness all can be settled between us here - I have recd from H H Meier & Co Jr 5000 Dolls, of which ^no^ doubt he has informed

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you – I may, owing to the great scarcity of money here want a further sum, therefore, I shall not now direct the Balance remitted to my friends in England, of  this I will advise you hereafter - If a sufficient amot of freight & passengers could be obtained for the Bark to New York, to make it an object for her to return there you are at liberty to accept it if not you will ballast her with Brick & send her back to this Port the Ship Pacific Capt Gardner ballasted with Brick last year at Bremen & brought the kind that would suit me to have the Hope Ballasted with. this Cargo of Oil having been loaded in cold weather will require attention should the weather be warm when it is landed as the Oil will expand & injure the Casks or run over at the Bungs – you will exercise your best judgments in making sale of this cargo as to the time when, it is expected our importation this year will be far short of the last year - I confide in your best judgement, on the information you may receive after taking the whole subject into view –

Yours &

 

To Capt William Seabury                      3 mo 10, 1834

 

                        Having made an arrangement with thee for to take charge of the Bark Hope with a Cargo of Oil & Bone for Bremen – I shall be glad for the to make the best of thy way there and deliver the cargo to H. H. Meier & co to whom it is consigned – it will be necessary in the delivery of the cargo to see that it is in good order, should any hoops get started they should be drove on again as the cargo was taken in cold weather it will be necessary if it should be delivered when the weather is warm to see that the expansion of the Oil does not strain the casks, or run out of the Bungs – the Bungs should be started when the cargo is landed – I wish thee to have a particular care in the delivery of the Oil – If sufficient freight & passengers can be obtained for

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New York to make it an object thee is at liberty to accept it provided it can be done without much detention – if not – thee will Ballast with Brick and return for this Port – I Yours & have written H. H. Meier & co on the subject and they will know what kind of brick I want – I seldom make any insurance on the Hope, hope thee will be vigilant and careful and take no improper risks – wishing thee a pleasant voyage and safe return &

Remain thy friend &

 

To Cearns Crary & Co             3 mo 15, 1834

 

                        Your several esteemed favours Sept 14 Oct 16 & 22d Nov 5 & Dec 19, 1833 have been duly recd – the latter containing your acc current stating a balance in my favour of  £638.0.2 which is correct excepting I had drawn on your for £500 – which the balance stand on my Books £138.0.2 – I have recd the 50 Try Pots per the Roscoe, agreeable to invoice recd under cover of yours of the 22d of Oct –  I have since your favour of the 23d Jany covering invoice of 12 Try Pots per S Richards which vessel has arrived at New York the Pots have not been recd here yet – for your kind & prompt attention to my little business at Liverpool please accept my thanks and believe me your friend &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                     3 mo 26, 1834

 

                        Your esteemed favour of Jany 31 with your acc current enclosed was duly recd – stating a balance due you of $8059.87 which appears free from error & my Books stand in conformity – the charge of Commission on the amo of cash remitted you, can be left for an adjustment hereafter – I shall leave it for you to say, if the amot of your charges of Duck & ought not to be deduced

119

from the cash remitted before the charge of Coms was made – for the amot of my Drafts on you I think your are entitled to a Coms on the Sales of Goods or otherwise. If the Winter Oil I sent you is not sold  & you have no immediate prospect of selling it soon you will please send it back to me by one of the Packets – please say what you have sold of the fall Oil                

Yours &

 

To Capt Edwin A. Luce                        4 mo 30   1834

 

                        The Ship Rousseau is now ready for Sea bound on a Cape Horn Whale voyage thyself Master, I recommend thy embracing the first favorable oppurtunity to get to sea and to proceed on the voyage with a full determination to persue it to a favorable termination, to secure  this, it will be necessary for thee to be vigilant & very industrious – sucess will always attend good management accompanied with industry – I have every confidence that no exertion will be wanting on thy part to secure a full cargo of  & to return in a reasonable time – I never have confined any of my vessels to any particular cruising ground I must rely upon thy own judgement and the best information thee has & what thee can get after thee gets into the Pacific Ocean.  I have always had a good opinion of the coast of Peru & what is called the off shore ground I think thee will fall in with the Ship Hope Ann Alexander or Golconda either of which I think would be able to give thee good information of the best Whaling ground. I wish thee to have good care of the of ship & everything in & about her - the Chain cables ought to be blacked several times during the voyage & salt on the Mast Heads should be seen to. it is important to harmonise the crew & officers together

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allow no bad usage on board treat thy officers & men well & they will be sure to treat thee so but be sure to keep a steady & good command of the vessel avoid the Sandwich Islands all that is possible wishing wishing thee a pleasant voyage & safe return to thy family & friends  

 

To Capt Alexander Bunker                   7 mo 19th 1834

 

                        Having agreed with thee to take charge of the Ship Cortes for a Cape Horn ↑Whale↓ Voyage & she being now about ready to proceed I have no doubt but thee will commence this voyage with a determination of bringing it to a favorable termination & that every means that is put in thy power will be improve to the best advantage - & that a full Ship in a reasonable time will be the reward of thy exertions I have already given thee my view as it respects thy crusing grounds, I have no opinion of keeping in company with a fleet of Ship & much less with the common practice of much visiting when in company much to the injury of the voyage & damage to the owners I Shall expect thee to discharge thy duty to the ship as well as to the voyage & Crew – Use the crew well & I have no doubt they will repay thee four fold – I must call thy attention & particular care to the [?minuises] of this voyage, as well as to be vigilant & active in all that concerns it, loose no time. keep a bright lookout & suffer no advantage to pass unimproved – should thee have occasion for any supplies beyond the means which thee has of procuring them thy Drfts for such further supplies will be paid by me – I wish thee to avoid the Sandwich Islands as a place of recruiting as mush as possible, indeed I should much rather they were avoided altogether –

            In cruising in the neighbourhood of any Islands thee should take great care that the natives are not

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allowed to take ↑get any↓ advantage of thee – take care of the Shore as well as the sholes about those Islands Indeed there is everything to promp’d a Master to great care & vigilance - , a responsible Officer should always be on & have charge of the Deck – we have always been in the habit of having square bags of Salt kept at all the Lower Mast heads, which I wish continued onboard the Cortes & the head of the Foremast keep fill’d up with salt it has been bored for that purpose – should thee be fortunate enough to get some Oil before passing Cape Verde Islands & has an opportunity of sending it home, I wish thee to do it - My friends at Boston are Josiah Bradlee & Co, at New York Hussey & Mackay & at Philadelphia Shober & Bunting Baltimore Thomas Whitridge –

            I wish thee to write me be every opportunity thee can avail thyself of & give me the situation as well as views & prospects, should thee fall in with the Corinthian Capt Upham I wish thee to say to him from me – I had rather he went in on the Coast & fill up his empty Casks with Whale Oil than to bring them home empty – Wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return to thy friends & family

 

Capt William Seabury               7th mo 26th 1834

 

                        Having already given thee my wishes respecting the Bark Hopes present voyage to Amsterdam & back to this port – she being now about ready & Loaded by George [?] Baker of this place on freight, the Cargo to be delivered to his Consignee in the way that is customary at Amsterdam, thee can receive of them the amount of freight & primage which

122

is payable in Dollars & Cents & after paying thy expenses take the balance home with thee together with the account of the proceeds of 16  Bls Whale Oil & 54 pieces of Fustian which I wish to have sold for the most it will bring – If any freight & passingers

can be obtained for this port take them, or if any should present for New York that would be worthwhile to take,  thee is at liberty to do & to return to this port from New York- I hope all dispatch & economy will be made use of that can be to make the voyage a successful one & wishing thee a pleasant voyage

 

To Shober & Bunting                8 mo 9, 1834

 

                        Your favour of the 3d Ultimo with acc sales & A/Current annexed I duly recd stating a balance due me of $99.23 which appears correct and my Books stand in conformity.  I am glad to find the balance once more on the right side of the acc – I have not yet had the pleasure of seeing your S.S.S here as was expected by the intimation -  the reply to your letter has been delayed in consequence – I am glad to find you have a prospect of better times we do not yet experience any improvement – the Experiment has done much –

 

To Crary Fletcher & Co                       9 mo 2d 1834

 

                        Your favour of the 23d of July last has been duly recd with Cearns Crary & Co A/C enclosed stating a balance due me of £77.3.2 June 30 1834. which appears correct and my Books are in conformity – I am in expectation of receiving advices from you of a remittance from my friends at Bremen for the Balance of the Hopes cargo of Oil – I have a sufficient quantity of Try Pots on hand at Present

Yours &

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To Crary Fletcher & Co                                   11 mo 6 1834

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 22d of Sept has been duly recd and note its contents – I have this day drawn on you at Sixty days in favour of George Howland Jr. have this day drawn to sets of Exchange on you, one for for £500 and the other for £425 – making together the sum of Nine hundred & twenty five pounds, which you will please honour and place to my acc

Yours &

 

To Capt Joseph Taber, Jr.                                12 mo 3, 1834

 

                        I have at a very great expense Built & fitted the New Ship George Howland and placed her under thy command & direction for a Cape Horn Whale voyage – I wish thee to embrace the first favourable oppurtunity to proceed on Said voyage and I hope with a determination on thy part of bringing it to favorable termination - such an one as will at once reflect credit and honour on thyself & satisfaction and profit ton me If any man means to distinguish himself in any buisness he may pursue he must make great exertions for it he must not shrink at privations, fatigue & even great exertions by Night or by Day, as the necessity may require in bringing about the object we have in pursuit I must depend on thy own judgement in selecting proper cruising grounds for Whales but I wish always to avoid keeping in company with other ships as much as is possible for I beleive it proves many times a great damage to a voyage – be prompt in securing every advantage that may offer during the voyage & then I have no doubt it will be crowned

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with complete success – I wish thee to have particular care in keeping Salt in the Mast Heads and keep the Chain Cables from rusting & indeed of having particular care in all that concerns the ship & the voyage – harmonize the Officers & crew suffer no divisions to get up amongst them – much loss will be sustained when divisions take place – suffer no strife for mastery in whaling with the officers – as much damage comes of it – all depends on harmony & every officer & man drawing as the Master may direct in bringing about the great object we have in view a Cargo of good, clean, white, Spermaceti Oil – avoid placing the ship in any hazard from the natives by visiting any of the Islands in the pacific I make but very little or no Insurance – thee will take every prudent precaution in navigating the Pacific Ocean. there are very many Islands & Coral Reefs in those seas & many I expect not yet discovered – I wish thee to procure me what shells & curiosities thee can conveniently during the voyage – I hand thee here with such articles as I put on board for the ↑use of the ↓ Ship & for Sale which I wish thee to dispose of on such terms as thee may think proper -  I beleive the Ship has more Meat, Bread & flour than you can consume on the voyage – if thee thought best thee could sell some of them -  I think the Cooper would make a good ship keeper I beleive thee has good Whalemen & good Boat stearers & I hope you will give an evidence of it by sending home 1 or 200 bbls of Oil from the Western or Cape Verde Islands should thee be so fortunate & should ship it from ↑to↓ Boston my friends there are Josiah Bradlee & Co New York Hussey & Makay

            Philadelphia Shober & Bunting – Baltimore Thomas Whitridge – Wishing thee a sucessful & pleasant voyage & safe return to thy family & friends

Thy friend &

[There is a logbook available for this voyage in the Kendall Whaling Museum Collection,

Log # 0816]

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To Shober & Bunting                1 mo 10 1835

 

                        Your esteemed favour of 7th inst I have duly recd with 3 acc sales and your A/Current annexed all of which appears correct and my acc stands in conformity excepting I had drawn on you 2 drafts for $1500 each which is not chgd in your acc – the Balance due me by my Books stands $7694.65 instead of $10694.65 as stated by your acc –

Yours &

 

To Grinnell Minturn & Co                     2 mo 4th 1835

 

                        Your favr of the 2d inst with my A/C annexed has been duly recd – which appears correct, balance in your favour of $153.94 – for this Amo with two months interest added I hand you below my Drft on Barrow & Prior, which you will when recd place to the credit of my acc & oblige you friend

George Howland

 

To Hussey & Mackay              2 mo 4th 1835

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 29th Ultimo with two acc Sales of Oil &

Candles enclosed has been duly recd – the Sales appear correct and the amo $3747.86 is placed to your debit in acc – I am expecting a ship from the East Cape, when she arrives I may be induced to make a price for Oil & Bone at present, it is of no use she may not arrive and I may wish to ship the whale Oil when  it may arrive to Europe  

Yours &

 

To Crary Fletcher & Co                       2 mo 4th 1835

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 23d Decem last has been duly recd as likewise my A/Current enclosed stating a balance due me of £9.1.0 which is correct & my Books are in conformity -  I have a large

126

stock of Try Pots now on hand owing to so many having of latter time imported them which has brought more into the market than could be sold readily                                 

I am &

 

To William Frost                       2 mo 4th 1835

 

                        Thy esteemed favour of the 3d inst I have duly recd the $4000 Drft which I recd from B & Vose New Orleans I have placed to thy credit & passed the Dft for my own use agreeable to Thomas Voses wish when here

Thy friend

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       2 mo 4th 1835

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 2d inst has been duly recd – you A/C enclosed has been likewise recd – which is correct & the balance $11642.25 is to your credit on my Books in New acc the Hemp may be shipped when quite convenient the frght I paid on Hemp was $5 per Ton from Boston

Respectfully yours

&

 

To Elisha Hathaway & Co                    2 mo 13 1835

 

                        Your esteemed favor of the 11 Inst was duly recd my absence from home yesterday prefented my earlier reply – I can only say that A. H. Seabury is a man of good buisness habits, is prudent in his expenses, has no family excepting a wife & lives at small expense. his brother Pardon Seabury is assisting him in his buisness & lends him his name, who is worth $25 to 30,000 their father is a man that has the reputation of being worth 50,000 in landed Estate in Rhode Island – A. H. Seabury’s father-in-law lives in Taunton & is worth from $20 to 25000

127

as is understood here – I have never heard what A. H. Seabury’s property was estimated at but he is doing a large buisness in the Grocery flour & Corn buisness besides owning in several Whale Ships his & his brother’s name goes freely at our Bank – I should readily credit him I have a few days since sold him 500 Bls flour & would be willing to sell him 1000 more if I had it – I endeavour to give you as good an understanding respecting A. H. Seabury as we have here & at the same time I wish it understood I do not hold myself responsible for any engagements he may enter into in Boston – At the same time I consider him a young Man deserving of confidence to a prudent extent it ^is what I^ should give him & there I must leave it –

 

To Capt William Seabury                      3 mo 27 1835

 

                        I have but little more to say than that the Hope is now ready for Rotterdam with a cargo of whale Oil where I wish thee to proceed with her and on arrival call on the House of Sturenberg Cankrien & Co and deliver them my letter,  they will direct thee what is to be done with the cargo whether to be discharged at Rotterdam or proceed to another Port – thee is at liberty to accept such freight as may offer for New York if of sufficient amot to induce going there or taking passengers for this place or New York, should thee get no frght it will be best to Ballast with Bricks if to be had or any other cheap article which would pay a little something more than cost and proceed to this place, if nothing better can be done take in sand Ballast – should any of the casks of Oil appear to be slack when they come out I wish thee to have them drove before they leave the vessel, should it be warm when they leave the

128

vessel it may be necessary to knock out the Bungs & pump out some of the Oil the Oil will swell in warm weather & it having been filled up in cold I should be disappointed if all the casks should want pumping if they did not leak any I wish thee to state this circumstance to the consignee wherever it is landed, wishing thee a pleasant voyage & safe return to thy family &

 

To Sturenberg Cankrien & Co  3 mo 27 1835

 

                        I have again concluded to send the Hope to your address with a cargo of Oil with an expectation that Rotterdam is as good a market as any other Port in Europe should it not prove so I must expect you will act for my interest and send her where she can do better. I wish you to move a little in concert with [?Carthaus, Hasencleves & Co] of Amsterdam they receive much Oil from this and other places and it is thought by many here that they have as good a knowledge of the Oil market as any House in Europe it is my wish for such Houses in Europe as hold Oil to have an understanding on the subject by which they may be able to obtain better prices.  Should the Hope discharge in Rotterdam I wish you to give her all the dispatch you can consistently. If any frght to New York should offer they can be taken of sufficient amot to induce Capt Seabury to go there it can be accepted if some passengers for this place or New York should offer they can be taken I should prefer her returning to this place should she take passengers only – I wish your remittances on acc of the cargo should be made to Crary, Fletcher & Co Liverpool for my acc. please inform if you have suitable places for the

129

storing of Oil and what they are. The Oil casks having been filled up in cold weather here should they be landed with you in warm weather the Oil may swell so much as to make it necessary to pump out some from each cask otherwise the Oil would strain the casks and cause them to leak

Yours &

 

To Wing Russell                                   6 mo 30th 1835

 

                        Thy letter of 6 mo 9th came to hand during my absence from Home.  I shall ship the Oil according to thy directions by the first vessel that sails for Albany which will probably be in the course of a week -

 

To John Thomas                       7 mo 1st 1835

 

                        I have been informed this morning by Joshua B. Tobey that the Nail Factory at the Poles, was last night burnt down by which much injury & loss is sustained.  I have directed him to clear up the ruins & put a Roof & to the Building & in the mean time I would inform thee of the accident & loss – here is a further proof of the necessity of an arrangement respecting this property between us which ↑I hope↓ will no longer be defered –

Thine &

 

To Wing Russell

 

                        Thy favr of 9th ultimo was duly recd & agreeable to thy request I have sent thee by first conveyance (since my return home) Ten casks Strained Oil per Invoice annexed the Casks have the direction on them which thee directed & hope they will arrive in good order at Buffalo. I have sent this lot of Oil to thee least it should have been a disappointment in not receiving it.  I am not in favour of sending Oil to market in the hotest of our summer weather.  In future thee will please say what thee can give me for the Oil deliverable in Albany (excepting leakage) the quantity of Oil be decided here & to be put in good casks suitable for any market & in good order,

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I understood thee to offer me the price that Oil would net me in any of our Atlantic markets

                                                            Thine &

 

To Capt Otis Smith                   7 mo 10th 1835

 

                        The Ship Java is now ready to embrace the first favorable oppurtunity to proceed to sea on an intended whaling voyage thyself master-

            Thee is doubtless well aware of the importance of order & harmony on board a ship & of requiring the officers to use the men well in ↑order↓ that they in time may use the officers well – thee is also probably aware that a firm determination & steady perseverance will carry the voyage through to a speedy & successful issue-

            I wish thee to have especial care of the ship & not suffer her to be abused & neglected in any part, as she is now in good order & by a little care may be kept so for a length of time – keep her well painted, as also the chain cables well cleaned & blackened-

            As to thy cruising ground my present idea is for thee to take the regular East Cape season & should thee not be so successful as to obtain sufficient oil to come home say 1900 or 2000 bbls I would recommend if should should seem expedient for thee to go to Cloudy Bay on the Coast of New Zealand of which place I will give thee some account from a letter I have before me –

            Cloudy Bay is one of the best harbours in the world plenty of wood – water & sometimes pigs & potatoes- there are plenty of whales from the middle of May until the first of October – the Ship Erie Capt Dennis under every disadvantage, say short of provisions stores boats, anchors not much officers & a mutinous runaway crew obtained a great deal of Oil in a short time –

            I would not wish to confine thee to any particular cruising ground, but to be governed by circumstances depending on what thee may be able to learn from time to time from ships with which thee may happen to fall in with

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should thee be so fortunate as to get some sperm Oil to send home thee can consign it to New York Hussey and Mackay, Boston Josiah Bradlee & Co, Philadelphia Shober & Bunting, please date the bills of lading at sea – should thee have occasion to draw on the owners for any supplies for the ship thy drafts will be honored wishing thee a pleasant & successful cruise & safe return

I remain &

[There is a logbook for this voyage in the collection of the Martha’s Vineyard Historical Society]

 

To Barrow & Prior                               7 mo 17th 1835

 

                        Annexed I send you Invoice of 100 Boxes sperm candles shipp of first quality which you will please receive and dispose of to the best advantage for my a/c

Thine &

 

To Hussey & Mackay              7 mo 17th 1835

 

                        Annexed I send you Invoice of 150 Boxes sperm candles of the first quality which you will please receive and dispose of to the best advantage for my a/c

Yours &

 

To Crary Fletcher & Co                       7 mo 27th 1835

 

                        I have this day drawn on you in favour of George Howland Pres [Bedford Commercial Bank]

             at 60 Days, 3 Sets of

Exchange, one for £1000 – one for £900 & one for £800 – making together 2700 pounds, which you will have the goodness to & place to my a/c

Yours &

 

To Capt Otis Smith                   8 mo 10th 1835

 

                        Since thee left here the ship Jasper Capt Gifford has arrived from a very successful cruise of 14 months from whose journal I have been so fortunate as to procure the enclosed & thinking if thee should be so fortunte as to get hold of it, it, it might be very serviceable I have sent it – I think it may perhaps suit

132

to take a cruise agreeable to the directions therein given if thee should not succeed in getting a sufficient quantity of oil on the eastern ground to return home – We are all well as usual – have had the Hope in from the Pacific with 2700 bbls sperm Oil & have a plenty of buisness –

Thine &

 

To Crary Fletcher & Co                                   8 mo 14th 1835

 

                        Your favour of 29th June I have duly recd & note its contents – I have now to advise your of having this ^day^ drawn on you 2 setts of Exchange at 60 days – one sett for £1000 & the other for £850 which you will have the goodness to honour & place the same to my acc

Yours &

 

To Barrow & Prior                   8 mo 26th 1835

 

                        Annexed I send you Invoice of 125 Boxes sperm Candles shipped per Helen Capt Shepherd which you will please receive and dispose of to the best advantage for my acc I do not wish them sold for less than they are invoiced at for I have sold in one lot 500 Boxes at 35¢ delivered here. no expense on them at all - 

Thine &

 

To Hussey & Mackay              8 mo 26th 1835

 

                        Annexed I send you Invoice of 125 Boxes sperm Candles shipped per Helen Capt Shepherd which you will please receive and dispose of to the best advantage for my acc.  I do not wish them sold for less than they are invoiced at for I have sold in one lot 500 boxes a 35¢ delivered here no expense on them at all. Please let Capt Shepherd of the Helen have what money he may wish on my acc

Yours &

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To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       9 mo 1, 1835

 

                        Annexed I hand Invoice of 150 boxes Candles per the sloop [?Jas] & Lucy which you will please receive & dispose of agreeable to your best judgement – they are Candles that that may be recommended to be the very first quality I shall be obliged by your sending me in the course of a week or 10 days Duck & twine as per memorandum at foot & oblige your assured friend

 

46 ps Duck Brusgens

12 ps best 2d quality Russian Duck

  6   Ditto  3d    Ditto     Ditto

15 ps best half Duck

10  Ditto heavy Ravens

  9 Ditto  Light  Ditto

98

 

   150 lbs Twine

 

To Thomas Whitridge               9 mo 7th 1835

 

                        Annexed I send thee Invoice of 100 boxes sperm Candles & 29 Casks Winter Oil of which first quality which thee will have the goodness to receive & dispose of to the best advantage for my a/c – I did not have the Casks guaged when I shipped the Oil so that probably when they are reguaged in Baltimore the guages will not correspond exactly with my Invoice

Thine &

 

To Samuel Wood                     9 mo 17th 1835

            Boston

                                    Thy favour of the 15th Inst I duly recd – I will at present furnish you with what Oil you want at $1 for Winter & 90¢ for strained Oil on Six months credit

Thy assured friend

134

 

To William H. Chase                9 mo 18th 1835

 

                        Annexed I hand thee Invoice of some Strained & Winter Oil which I wish thee to Sell on the best terms thee can – the Winter Oil thee will perceive there are two kinds the 3 first Casks on the Invoice of Winter has been Whitened & is very handsome and cannot be offered under $1.15 per Gallon but thee must do the best thee can with it – that which has not been whitened will probably bring from 105¢ to 110 per Gall – however I leave it to thy judgement in doing the best thee can with it – I wish to know particularly respecting the whitened Oil as there is a wast to the Oil in whitening of it, as well as some considerable expense – the price it will bring will decide whether it is best to whiten it or not

Thy friend &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                       9 mo 18th 1835

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice of a few Casks of strained oil which I  think you will find very nice -  I thought I would send you a little to try the market hope you will be able to make a ready Sale of it – I am desirous of Seeing Daniel Webster would you be kind enough to ascertain where I could see him in the course of next week or the week after, or any time during the month – I am sorry to give you this trouble –

Thine &

135

 

To Shober & Bunking               9 mo 18th 1835

 

            Your esteemed fav of the 14th inst I have duly recd – had I have recd your advices of your market earlier I should have been able at this time to have shipped you more Oil – the two vessels which were loading on the receipt of your letter were full excepting what I have been able to ship by the Sch Saml James as per Invoice annexed – the Winter oil per this vessel I have whitened & hope it will suit the Philadelphia market & will command a good price & ready sale- I shall by the first vessel make you a much larger shipment which hope will be in a few days – the Schooner agate is hourly expected & will return immediately to Philadelphia by ↑whom↓ I shall make you a shipment & she will probably bring the Plank etc for me - I am in immediate want of a stick of Timber to make a Windlass for our Ship 14 feet long or that will work when make 13 feet 6 in – 2 feet through the middle & 22 in at the ends, it is to be turned & wants to work that size when made likewise a piece for the ends 4 feet long 22 in through – will you have the goodness to procure one & send me by first conveyance – the Windlass is a longer one than usual or we should have been able to have procured it in New York readily – If you should meet with a stick of Timber that should be longer than to make the windlass & the Owner would not like to cut it you can send the whole of it – it might be cut to make it handier of transportation

Yours &

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To H Leonard & Co                                         9 mo 23d 1835

 

                        I shall be obliged by your sending me by first conveyance 1 Ton heavy 3d 2 Ton 4d & 2 Ton 5d Hoops & oblige your assured friend

&

 

To Hussey & Mackay                          9 mo 22d 1835

 

                        Annexed I send you Invoice 7 Casks Fall oil shipped on board Sloop Helen Capt Shepherd which I wish you to receive & dispose of on the best terms you can for my a/c.  If you think there is no probability of obtaining 36¢ for my Candles which I thought they ought to bring at the time I wrote I withdraw my limits and leave you to dispose of them to the best of your judgement –

Yours &

 

To Barrow & Prior                               9 mo 22d 1835

 

                        Annexed I send you Invoice 9 Casks Fall Oil shipped on board Sloop Helen Capt Shepherd which I wish you to receive and dispose of on the best terms you can for my a/c If you think there is no probability of obtaining 36¢ for my Candles which I thought they ought to bring at the time I wrote I withdraw my limits and leave you to dispose of them to the  best of your judgement

Yours &

137

 

To A & C Canninham [Index to correspondence says Canningham]

                                                9 mo 23d 1835

 

            I have this evening recd your favor of the 22d inst. I last evening recd a letter from the American Consul at Fayal stating he had ↑sent↓ Home 100 Bbls Sperm Oil from the Java, he neither stated by which vessel it was sent nor to whom consigned & presuming that Capt Smith of the Java had followed his instructions & had directed it shipped to Josiah Bradlee of Boston, to whom I wrote last evening & requested them to do the needful in the case they have been my very particular friends & Correspondents for many years & should wish the buisness to be placed in their hands

With much respect

your assured friend

 

To Shober & Bunting                            10 mo 16th 1835

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice of 50 Casks Fall oil shipped per schooner Samuel & James who will probably sail today. The Casks have not been guaged in a long time and perhaps it would be as well before paying the freight to have them reguaged in order to ascertain the quantity more correctly.  I am very much in want of good sperm Oil Casks to send my Oil to market in, the size of which I have mentioned. I shall continue to send you this kind of Oil as long as I hear nothing from you to discourage it.

Yours &

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Capt Leonard Crowell                          11 mo 7th 1835

 

                        I have at a very great expense fitted the ship Corinthian & placed her under thy command & direction for a Cape Horn Whale Voyage – I wish thee to embrace the first favourable opportunity to proceed on said voyage & I hope with a determination on thy part of bringing it to a favorable termination such an one as will at once reflect credit and honour on thyself & satisfaction & profit to me – If any man means to distinguish himself in any business whatever he may pursue he must make great exertions for it he must not shirk at privations fatigue or even great exertions by night or by day, as the necessity may require in bringing about the object we have in view – I must depend on thy own judgment in selecting proper cruising ground for whales – I should think thee would most likely do well when you got your voyage in the Hope – If you should get any account of a war with France (of which I have no expectation myself) you had better go to the westward & keep out of the way as much as thee can, I have very little expectation that any French cruisers will go into the Pacific after ships, but would calculate to take them on their homeward passage – I wish thee always to avoid keeping campany with other ships as much as is possible, for I believe it proves many times a great damage to a voyage Be prompt in securing every advantage that may offer during the voyage & then I have no doubt it will be crowned with complete success – I wish thee to have very particular care in keeping salt on the mast heads & keep the chain cables from rusting & indeed of  having particular care in all that concerns the ship & voyage, have nothing wasted – take good care of every thing on board the ship – harmonize the officers & crew – suffer no divisions to get up among them, much loss will be sustained when divisions take place, suffer no strife for mastery

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in whaling with the officers as much damage comes of it – all depends on harmony & every officer & man drawing as the master may direct to bring about the great object we have in view which is a cargo of good, clean, white Sperm oil -  avoid placing the ship in any hazard by the natives in visiting any of the Islands in the Pacific – I make very little or no insurance, thee will take every prudent precaution in navigating the Pacific ocean there are very many island & coral reefs in those seas & many I expect not yet discovered – should the have no occasion to draw on me for money for supplies for the ship they drfts will be honoured by me – I wish thee to procure me what shells & curiosities thee can conveniently during the voyage – I hand thee herewith an Invoice of such articles as I generally put on board for the use of the ship & for sale, which I wish thee to dispose of on such terms as thee may think proper – should thee fall in with any of my ships in the Pacific & they should be in want of any articles thee can spare I wish thee to let them have them – I think with a very bright lookout you will be able to send home some oil before you pass the Cape Verdes – if you should be so fortunate & should ship it to Boston my friends there are Josiah Bradlee & Co – if to New York Hussey & Mackay if to Philadelphia Shober & Bunting if to Baltimore Thomas Whitridge – wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return to the family & friends

 

[There is a logbook for this voyage. See Log # 570, Microfilm 284/633-701]

 

To Capt William Sturtevant                   11 mo 18th 1835

 

                        Annexed I hand thee Invoice of 21 Casks Fall strained Oil to thy address the Oil I wish thee to do the best thee can with for my interest – it ought to nett me 95¢ per gallon, but I had rather it was sold for less, than left, say 92 or 93¢ to nett, if it can’t be sold, thee may leave it in the hands of B Vose & Co but I hope thee will be able to sell it, I wish it may be sold as I should regret to have it left unsold

Thine &

140

 

 Thomas W. Morgan                            12 mo 8, 1835

 

                        Annex’d I hand thee Invoice of 49 Casks Fall strained oil & 47 Casks Fall strained Bleach’d Oil, which hope will meet with a ready sale & I have no doubt it will from the representation of thy Brother Charles – the last 19 Casks of the Bleach’d Oil on the Invoice is by the Catherine – this lot of Oil may be depended upon to be good as can be made & is such as can be recommended – I have sent it all in small Casks & hope thee will give it a good chance for sale –

Thy assured friend

 

Barrow & Prior                        1 mo 1836

 

            Your favour of the 9th Inst with a/c annexed has been duly recd which appears correct & the balance of $1182.88 due me is placed to your debit in New acc. I hope you will be able soon to render a/sales of the several Invoices yet remaining enclosed

Yours assured

friend George Howland

By Charles W. Howland

 

Barrow & Prior                       

1 mo 27th 1836

 

                        Your favour of the 26th  Inst with a/sales 100 Boxes Candles enclosed has been duly recd & the amount $1046.58 placed to your debit – hoping soon to receive Sales of the remaining goods in your hands

Your assured friend

George Howland

By Charles W. Howland

141

 

                                                            New Bedford 1 mo 27 1836

 

Hussey & Mackay

 

                        Your favr of the 26 Inst with a/sales of two parcels Candles & a/Current enclosed has been duly recd – all of which appears correct & the balance of $1479.31 due me stands to your debit in New Acc on my Books – your acc is likewise charged with a/sales of 125 Boxes candles  [? Npds] $1192 – hope soon to have the pleasure of receiving a/sales of the oil which have of mine –

George Howland

By Charles W. Howland

 

Joseph Allen & Son                              1 mo 29th 1836

 

                        your letter of the 28 Inst I have duly recd – I am not a little surprised at its contents – your letter of 12 mo 25 is as follows “I am in want of about 300 Bbls of Sperm Oil, I would like to purchase this amot of the Cargo of the Ann Alexander if the following terms suit Viz 90 cents per Gallon 6 – 9 & 12 Months with Interest from the time it is shipped by thee on board of a suitable vessell preference being given to Nantucket vessels & Insured by thee on my acct at New Bedford” – on the receipt of this letter there was no Packet here to take the Oil & from the appearance of the weather then, I thought there would be no opportunity soon to ship it to agreed to sell the Oil & from the appearance of the weather for the Interest not to commence until I had an opportunity of shipping it, which might not be for a month, I thought how it would be unreasonable – as I might within a few days have an opportunity of selling the whole Cargo together & deliver it immadiately which was the case & would ↑could↓have included the 300 Bbls which I

142

sent you & for Cash – The very day my letter left the office from here, the Packet unexpectedly arrive – I concluded to send you the Oil by Capt Macy (as it would probably get to Nantucket as soon as my letter) & with it I sent- you an acct of it – I stated I hope you would be willing to accept my terms of payment & that I should Insure the Oil agreable to your directions, which you did not object to in your letter of reply, when ever a part of the Oil was still here you did not accept the Oil on my terms of payment as I expected nor even to notice them which if you had done, you might have had some plea of evading the Insurance, you directed- you took another course.  you chose to take the Oil on the terms offered agreable to your letter of 12 mo 28 – given above – as will be seen by your letter of 1 mo 15 in reply to mine of 1 mo 6 which says “Thy letter of 1 mo 6 came duly to hand with Invoice of 9450 Gls Crude Oil which with the exception of 14 Casks has been recd by A Macy – Enclosed thou hast our Notes for equal payment at 6- 9 & 12 Months with Interest agreable to your letter of 28 Ultimo” by this it would appear you ment to take the Oil agreable to your letter of the 28th Ultimo & made your Notes conformable to the terms dictated in this letter, which directed the Insurance to be made by me as one of the conditions of your offer –  now you must have elected on the receipt of my letter, which went with the Oil, either to accept on my terms, or, your own, as per letter 12 mo 28- it appears you did receive the Oil & did not accept it on my terms, but your own – one of which was, that I must Insure the Oil at New Bedford, on you acc – which was done & I wrote you so by the vessell that took a part of the oil when the vessel returned for the balance of

143

the oil, you made no objection to it, had the last lot of 14 Casks (about ¼ of the whole) met with any accident I should have been called upon to have been answerable – There might be much more said on this buisness, but I forbear - & exceedingly regret under these circumstances that there should have been any hesitation in the acknowledgment of this small debt for Premiums on the Oil of about  $31

your assured friend

George Howland

Copied by Charles W. Howland

 

                                    New Bedford 2 mo 10 1836

 

Shober & Bunting

 

                        I shall be much obliged by your procuring & sending me as soon as the navigation opens 600 feet in length of white oak wales plank to work about 12           in wide 3 ½  thick of the same quality as that sent by the William Brown & Agate –

your assured friend

 

                                                New Bedford 2 mo 10 1836

 

Hussey & Mackay

 

                        Please send me any time before 4 mo 1st 20 pieces first quality Long Poland locust 5 ½ feet long to square 5 by 7 in for stanchions for ship Hope perhaps having so long a time to look out for it, you may be able to get it for a less price, ↑than↓ is paid under other circumstances

144

 

To Elisha Hathaway & Co                                2 mo 29th 1836

 

                        Your favour of Jany 30th with your A/C enclosed has been duly recd in my absence from Home the A/C appears correct & my Books stand in conformity

Yours &

 

To Crary Fletcher & Co                       3 mo 8, 1836

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 15 of Dec last with your a/c enclosed was duly recd – the a/c is correct & the balance due me of  £39.12.9 is to your debit in New acc –

            I shall be obliged by your sending me 10 -160 glls & 10 – 180 glls Try Pots of the same kind as sent me heretofore – I shall probably have funds in the course of the season in your hands to meet the amo of this order – If it would be more agreable to you I would pay the balance to your friends in New York –

 

Respected Friends

Joseph Allen & Son

                        On my return from the State of New York after an absence of about a Month, I find you letter of the 11th of the 2 month & note its contents – your principal or argument is in my opinion altogether untenable – you say “We had no Oil on board the Sloop – We had requested none- We were neither accountable for loss nor premiums” – it is true you were not, had you not ^have^ recd the Oil – but let me tell you, when you recd the Oil at Nantucket you were accountable for it, & at my terms, had I not stated in my letter which accompanied the Oil that I hoped “you would

145

be willing to allow my terms” – which of  course left it at option with you to receive the oil on either terms or not at all – you chose your offer of terms made in your letter of 12 mo 28 – in which you made it a condition that I must Insure the Oil for your acc – this charge of premiums is as inseperable from the Oil as the freight charged by Capt Macy for taking it to Nantucket I advise you had not have said you should pay no frt, on the Oil, as you had nothing to do with it until it was at Nantucket & you might as well have said you would allow 80 cents for it for if you would alter one of the conditions your could on the same principal have altered the whole of them – my friends you are sadly mistaken in the premises of this buisness you directions to Capt Macy would put the matter for ever at rest, if any thing was needed beyond your own accts to do it

Respectfully

Copied by Charles Wing Howland        your friend

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co           3 mo 12th 1836

 

            Your favr of the 10th inst is at hand you will please send me as per memorandum below for Duck & Copper & oblige your friend &

Duck Viz                                              Copper Viz                  sheets

64 ps of Alexandroffski 4 Cases 24 oz a 82 sheets is    328

  8 “       J Brusgins                   5 Ditto 26          76      “    is    380 

20 “       Billebins                      5 Ditto 28          72     “     is    360

10 “       twine half Duck           6 Ditto 30          68     “      is   408

12 “       heavy Ravens  6 Ditto 32          60      “     is   360

12 “       light Ditto                                                                1836

126 pieces                                This is exclusive of the Sheets

                                                2 Cases requested to be sent

                                                before

146

 

To Jollie Clibborn & Co                       4 mo 4th 1836

 

                        The Bark Hope has a Cargo of Whale Oil for Antwerp & Consigned to your House.  I have taken the liberty to consign the vessel to you likewise & hope you will be able to give her dispatch and also to procure for her a return freight and passengers to the amot of not less than $1000 to the United States not South of New York, if this cannot be done, I wish her to proceed to Gottenburg for a load of Iron in which case please hold subject to Alexander Barclay & Co’s order the little balance which may remain in your hands- If the Bark returns to the United States from Antwerp you will please remit the Balance which may be in your hands to my Friends Crary Fletcher & Co Liverpool

Remain Yours &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 4 mo 4th 1836

 

                        I have taken a freight of Oil for the Bark Hope for Antwerp with directions to the Captain to proceed to Gottenburg to your address for a Cargo of Iron (as per memorandum at foot) if a return freight could not be obtained at Antwerp to the United States. As it is uncertain whether the Bark proceed for Iron or not I have not provided funds for the Cargo - should she go for Iron, you will please to furnish her with a cargo and I will be subject to your direction in meeting the amot in the way you shall direct -     Yours &

 

30 Tons  3 in

35   “      2 ¾

45  “       2 ½

45  “       2 ¼

30  “       2

15  “       1 ¾

200 Tons

147

 

To Capt Elisha Bourne              4 mo 4th 1836

 

                        The Bark Hope is now ready for the Sea bound for Antwerp thyself master she is loaded with a Cargo of whale Oil shipped by Alexander Gibbs & consigned to Jollie Clibborn & Co of Antwerp to whom thee will deliver the Cargo I shall consign the Bark to them likewise with instructions to them to send her for a Cargo of Iron unless a return freight and Passengers can be obtained to a Port not South of New York that will amot to $1000 or more.  I trust no exertions will be wanting on thy part in bringing this voyage to a favourable termination - as soon as it is decided for thee to go to Gottenburg for Iron I wish thee to forward the letter which is handed thee herewith for Alexander Barclay & Co by Mail to them that thy may be apprised of the Hopes going to them for a Cargo of Iron with which thee will proceed to this Port I have directed them to ship the following description of Iron with which thee will proceed to this Port wishing the a pleasant voyage           

I remain thine &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 4 mo 15th 1836

 

                        I wrote you on the 4th inst per Bark Hope Capt Bourne to Antwerp – the Hope was to proceed to Gottenburg for a cargo of Iron in the event of her not being able to get a return cargo from Antwerp. If the Hope should proceed to Gottenburg for Iron & you should prefer my order for the cargo being given through H H Meier & Co & for them to furnish the Cargo funds for the cargo, than it should be as it now is for me to place the funds agree able to your order - you will please do so - One of the House of H H Meier & Co is now here & is desirous of providing for the Cargo of Iron, if you should prefer it rather than furnish the Cargo yourselves -                                    

Yours &

148

 

                                    New Bedford 5 mo 6th 1836

 

Edward Gardner

 

                        The Ship Golconda being about sailing for the Pacific, I concluded I would just say as the George & Susan is reported so very low and to me there is no probability of thy filling her with spermaceti Oil – it would be best for thee to go on the Coast of Chile or New Zealand and try to fill her up with Whale Oil – Whale Oil is now worth about 44 Cents & Spermaceti is worth ¢88 – which will be much better than bring home a quantity of empty Casks – I have nothing new to communicate – it is a time of general health, and buisness very good since the French question has been settled –

 

                        New Bedford 2 mo 6 1836

 

Capt Edwin A. Luce

 

                        The Golconda is about sailing for the Pacific & would likely fall in with the Rousseau if thee should not be likely to fill the Rousseau with Spermaceti Oil & be home in the course of next year- I think thee had better go on the Coast of Chile & fill up with Whale Oil – the season I believe commences about the first of November & continues for several months – Whale Oil is now worth 44 cents per Gallon & Bone ¢25 Sperm Oil ¢88 – I have nothing new to communicate – buisness is very good since the French question has been settled –

 

Capt Hezekiah Adams

 

                        The Golconda is now about to proceed on her intended Cape Horn Whale voyage thyself Master – I very much wish that this voyage may be so conducted, as will produce peace and harmony among the Crew, which is always very desirable & I have no doubt will be productive of peace to the Master and be crowned with success in procuring a good voyage in a

149

reasonable time & safe return to the bosom of your families – I have already verbally given thee my views respecting the best Cruising ground, but I shall leave thee in a great measure to be governed by thy own judgement in that respect – I wish thee always to have a responsible Officer on the Ships Deck when you are at Sea & on Cruising Ground – much evil has resulted by trusting the Deck to a  Boat Stearer which ought not to be – I wish thee to recruit the Ship at some Ports that is not much frequented – always have a jealousy & distrust of the natives dont trust them, they are a faithless sett – Thy Drfts for all necessary supplies for the Ship will be duly honored & paid by me – I wish thee to embrace the first favorable opportunity to proceed on said voyage & I hope with a determination of bringing it to a favorable termination such an one as will at one reflect credit & Honor on thyself & satisfaction and profit to the Owners – If any man means to distinguish himself in any buisness whatever, he must not shrink at privations fatigue & even great exertions by night or by day as the necessity may require in bringing about the object we have in pursuit – The present object is a Cargo of good clean white Sperm Oil & I trust with suitable exertions thee will be favoured to procure it – I wish thee to avoid keeping company with other ships as much as possible, for I beleive it proves many times a great damage to a Voyage – be prompt in receiving every advantage which may offer – I wish thee to have particular care in having Salt in the Mast Heads & Keep the Chain Cables from rusting & indeed of having particular care in all that concerns the Ship & the voyage – Suffer no strife for Mastery with the officers in Whaling as much damage comes of it many times – all depends on harmony & every officer & man drawing as the Master may direct in bringing about the great object

150

we have in view – I make no Insurance, thee will ^be^ very careful in all thy proceedings run no unnecessary risks – I wish thee to procure me what Shells & Curiosities thee can during the voyage – I hand thee herewith Invoice of such articles as as put on board for the use of the Ship & Crew & for sale which I wish thee to dispose of on such terms as thee may think proper – the price which is put in the Invoice is what I thought they ought to sell for – I believe thy chance for sending home some oil from the western Islands or Cape Verde is good, should thee be so fortunate & should send it to Boston my friends there are Josiah Bradlee & Co – New York Hussey & Mackay

            Philadelphia Shober & Bunting

Baltimore Theodore Whitridge – to either of whom thee can consign any oil to which thee may have to Ship to the United States – Wishing thee a pleasant & prosperous voyage & safe return to thy family & friends

I remain thy assured friend –

 

                                                5 mo 18th 1836

Capt Joseph A. Bailey, Junior

           

                                    The Ship Ann Alexander is now ready to proceed with the first favorable opportunity on her intended whale voyage thyself master – I should not attempt to point out thy cruising Ground but shall leave it altogether to thy own Judgement, having no doubt but that all will be done that lays within thy power to bring the voyage to a speedy & successful termination, such an one as will at once reflect credit & honour to thyself & satisfaction & profit to thy employers, it is hardly necessary for me to say that good order & harmony on board a ship conduce very much to the comfort & gratification of the officers & crew as well as to the success of the voyage for I suppose of this thee is as well aware as myself – my notion is that if the crew receive good treatment from the officers, the officers

151

will in their time get good treatment from the crew & vice versa – I wish thee to have especial care of the ship & all that appertains to her – Keep the mast heads filled with salt as well as the bags on top of the same – keep the chain cables clean & covered with tar or tar & oil with a little lampblack or anything else no matter what so they are covered, keep a good coat of paint on the ship more particularly the new part & on the fore chains – feed the crew well if there is not provision enough on board the ship for the voyage, buy if to be had at any rate & draw on the owners (if necessary) & thy draft will be honored & paid Should thee be so fortunate as to get some sperm oil before reaching the Islands & should have an opportunity to ship it to this country consign it if to Boston Josiah Bradlee & Co New York Hussey & Mackay

            Philadelphia Shober & Bunting Baltimore Theodore Whitridge please date the bills of Landing at Sea ^& allow no primage^ wishing thee a pleasant & successful voyage & safe return to thy family & friends as there will be no Insurance on the ship I wish thee to take no unwarantable risk – I wish a responsible officer to be on ^the ships^ deck at all times & not have her left at the mercy of a boatstearer for I am convinced that loss is frequently sustained by so doing –

I am

 

                                                            7 mo 26th 1836

 

Capt Anthony Gifford

 

                        I have been prevented by other engagements from addressing thee in this  way, as Master of the Ship Hope now ready to proceed on her intended Cape Horn Whale voyage until this morning.  The great object I have in thus addressing thee is to say proceed & make thy best exertions to bring this voyage to as speedy termination as thee well can & then I shall have no doubt it will be a successful & one that that will be satisfac-

152

tory to both us.  The will of course stop at the Western Islands for recruits etc & to send home what Oil thee may obtain this side of those Islands should thee obtain Oil & send it home from those Islands & ship it to Boston my friends there is Josiah Bradlee & Co if to New York Hussey & Mackay –

            if to Philadelphia Shober & Bunting & if to Baltimore Theodore Whitridge – I have no wish to confine thy cruising ground in thee Pacific Ocean to any particular place. I have given thee verbally my views on the subject & shall ↑leave↓ thee at liberty to use thy own views in the case.  I have done the very best that could be done in the selections of thy Officers & Men & hope they will prove to be good & such as will be satisfactory  I shall expect thy principle Officers will have charge of the Decks at all times at sea as well as in Port & not left to a Boatstearer as is generally the case, there is too much property in this ship to be entrusted to such irresponsible Men – should thee have occasion to Draw on me for any supplies for the ship thy Drafts will be honored – I wish thee to procure me what shells & other interesting curiosities thee may meet with during the voyage.  I feel no need of urging upon thee the necessity of great vigilance & exertion that one of these voyages require in bringing it to a favourable termination, for I believe thee is fully aware of it and will not with hold them.  Thee will embrace the first favourable wind & proceed on thy voyage looking to Him for preservation & protection & who can crown thy endeavours with success & I have no doubt will, as thee places thy confidence & dependance upon Him – wishing thee a pleasant & sucessful voyage & safe return to thy family & friends

153

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 8 mo 20th 1836

 

                        I returned home last evening after an absence of a week & found found your esteemed favs of the 11th – 14 – 15 & 22 June duly recd – the Hope arrived yesterday – I shall send my Son George Howland Junior to New York this day to purchase the £2600 Stg & remit to Baring Brothers & Co of London by the Packet of the 24th inst agreeable to your directions & hope will be done to your satisfaction in the remittance – had I been at home on the receipt of your esteemed favours I could not have made you any earlier remittance as I could not procure Exchange here nor could I be in time for the Packet of the 16th

Yours &

 

To Baring Brothers & Co                     8 mo 23d 1836

            London

 

                                    By request from Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg I herewith hand you enclosed a bill for £2600 Stg drawn by Brown Brothers & Co New York on William & James Brown & Co Liverpool payable in London 60 days sight – which when paid you will please place to the credit of Alexander Barclay & Co & advise them of the same                                    

Yours &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 8 mo 23d 1836

 

                        I have this day remitted to Baring Brothers & Co of London for your a/c agreeably to your direction a bill of Exchange for £2600 Stg drawn by Brown Brothers& Co New York on William & James Brown & Co Livepool payable in London 60 days sight –

Yours &

154

 

To Thomas B. Vose                             9 mo 7th 1836

            Boston

 

                                    Above is a Bill of the Candles shipped to B Vose & Co New Orleans on joint a/c half of the amot is $5310.84 for which please send me thy Note payable at one of Banks in Boston at 6 months from the 28th last month & oblige thy

friend &

 

To Alexander Barclay & Co                 12 mo 24 1836

 

                        Your esteemed fav of the 5 & 7 of Octr with your A/C annex’d has been duly recd & the Balance due you of  £20.14.6 has been paid to [?Ber ? J ] & Co agreeable to your directions with [?] & Co Exchange Amounting to $99  48/100  for which I have their receipt –

I am &

 

Barrow & Prior                                    New Bedford 1 mo 9th 1837

Respected Friends

                                    Your favr of the 7 Inst with a/current annex’d has been duly recd – the Balance due me as per your acc of $3719.66 is to your debit in New Account –

Your assured friend

 

Robinson Brown & Co             1 mo 10th 1837

 

            Your favr of the 5 Inst with your a/current annex’d has been duly recd the acc appears correct & the balance of $119.49 due me stands to your debit in  New Acc –

your assured friend

George Howland

By Charles Wing Howland

155

 

                                    New Bedford 1 mo 10th 1837

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co

 

                        your favr of the 7 Inst with your a/current annex’d has been duly received – the acc appears correct & the Balance due you of $4621.76 stands to your credit in new acct – it was my intention to have paid you the balance before the close of the year – I hope to do it soon

your assured friend

 

To Hussey & Mackay              1 mo 17 1837

 

                        Your favr of the 6th Inst with A/Sales of Oil & Candles annex’d has been duly recd – I have a few more Candles & White fall Oil I should like to send you when an opportunity presents – I believe I have less than 10 Bls White Winter Oil on hand- I enclose you for collection & when recd please place to my Credit – a Drft on Shober & Bunting 1 mo 2 1837 at 4 Months from date for $2500 & one on Thomas W Morgan 1 mo 2 1837 at 4 Months for $3000 - & one on Thomas Whitridge 1 mo 16, 1837 at 60 Days for $2000 – making together $7500 – I shall be glad to receive my A/C as soon as you can make it convenient – if the A/C ↑you↓ should not charge me with all of Augustus Dfts in your A/C please mention what othes you have accepted from him –

I am &

 

To Shober & Bunting                1 mo 17 1837

 

                        I wrote you a few days since requesting you would procure me some plank – I want to add to that Order 50 to 100

156

feet in length & 5 Inches thick 10 to 12 Inches wide, best of white Oak pieces the length of each piece is quite immaterial – it will be wanted to be used in pieces of about 6 feet long – I have drawn on you in favr of Hussey & Mackay for $2500 - & in favr of Nathan Hunt of North Carolina for $600 – which please accept when they appear & place to the acc of –

I am &

 

 

                                                New Bedford 1 mo 20, 1837

 

Hussey & Mackay

Respected Friends

                                    Your favr of the 17 Inst is duly recd with my a/c enclosed which appears correct & the Balance due me of $405.96 stands to your Debit in new acc on my Books – Enclosed I hand you a Drft on [?N] Townsend & Co for $725 - & a Check on the Merchants Exchange Bank for $194.97 & annex’d is a Check on the Leather Manufacturers Bank for $50.03 making together, One thousand Dollars which please place to my Credit & oblige your assured friend –

 

                                                New Bedford 1 mo 20 1837

 

Hussey & Mackay

 

                        Annex’d I hand you a check on Leather Manufacturers Bank for 2500 Dollars which you will please place to my credit – I am in in expectation of being drawn upon or to meet a payment in New York for $6000 I do not know at what time it will take place it may be immediately & it may not be for sometime yet to come – when I am informed I shall make & to whom it is to be paid, I shall make a further remittance & ask your assistance & attention to pay it – I shall continue to remit as I can obtain funds in New York I have remitted you $1000 before this day -

[Transcriptions converted to HTML format by Mark Procknik, 24 January 2012]