George Howland Letterbook

1811-1823

Preface to the Transcriptions:

These letter books are part of the Howland Collection [Mss 7] in the Old Dartmouth Historical Society Whaling Museum Library in New Bedford, Massachusetts. The collection contains the business records and personal papers of the Howland family covering the years from 1790 to 1890. Members of the family were primarily involved in mercantile activities and the whaling industry.

George Howland
George Howland was born on November 7, 1781 in the Long Plain section of what is now Acushnet, Massachusetts. The Howlands had been among the earliest settlers in Old Dartmouth and George had numerous relatives in the area. At the age of 16 he began his career as an apprentice in the office of William Rotch Jr., one of the three leading New Bedford whaling merchants and shipping agents of the day. In 1797 George Howland began keeping a financial journal to record his own business affairs. (His financial journals, ledgers, cash books and other records which supplement the letter books are also a part of the Howland Collection.) He began building his career by investing in the ventures of other merchants and buying small shares in local ships. He acquired a 6/32 share in the ship George in 1802 and by 1803 had become principal owner of that ship holding a 5/8 share. He later acquired or had built for the merchant trade the Robert Barclay, Savage, Elizabeth, Ann Alexander, Howland, George and Susan, and the Hope. For many years George Howland’s ships carried freight and cargos from New Bedford, New York City, and Norfolk to a number of European ports including Dublin, Liverpool, Cadiz, Leghorn, Archangel, etc. and imported a variety of items, so it is not surprising to find him writing about “our Atlantic market” in his letterbooks. George Howland was successful despite the challenges to shipping imposed by the Napoleonic Wars, the Jefferson Embargo, and the War of 1812.

In 1817 George Howland began sending ships on whaling voyages. Some were converted from merchant use, others selected specifically for whaling. His whaling vessels included the George and Susan, Golconda, Ann Alexander, Hope, Cortes, Java, George Howland, Rousseau, and Corinthian. (A variety of records, including outfitting books, bills of exchange, bills of lading, and crew accounts for these ships are included in the Howland collection.) George Howland continued to send cargos of oil to Europe, especially to Bremen and Rotterdam; he imported Swedish iron as well as English-made try pots, which he sold to other merchants in the whaling industry. He also sent oil and candles to his American agents in Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.

On September 29, 1803 George Howland married his cousin, Elizabeth Howland, the daughter of John Howland. George and Elizabeth had three children: George and Elizabeth M., who died young, and George Jr., who at age 14 entered business with his father and went on to be a prominent public figure in New Bedford, serving as mayor from 1855 to 1865. Elizabeth Howland died on December 12, 1806.

On April 26, 1810 George Howland married Susanna Howland, the daughter of Cornelius Howland. George and Susan, as she was known, had 14 children, 8 of whom died young. The children who survived into adulthood were: Augustus, who lived in Scipio, Ledyard and Syracuse, New York; Elizabeth, who married William Chase of Salem; Massachusetts; Matthew, who entered business with his father and his half- brother; Charles Wing, who first lived in Union Springs, New York but later moved to Wilmington, Delaware; Susan R., who married Samuel Parsons of Flushing, New York; and Robert Bowne, who spent much of his adult life in Union Springs, New York but returned to New Bedford in his later years.

The New Bedford directories of 1836, 1838, 1839, 1841, 1845, and 1849 provide considerable information about George Howland. All but the 1849 Directory list him as a merchant and all list him as president of the New Bedford Commercial Bank. All show his home at 75 Walnut Street, at the corner of 7th Street. They list George Howland’s counting house office at 122 North 2nd Street and a wharf near-by at the foot of North Street. The 1836 Register shows a second wharf owned by George Howland at the foot of Union Street; later directories list this location as Merchants Wharf and today it is known as State Pier. Starting in 1838 a candle house and oil manufactory owned by George Howland are listed at the same North Street address as his office. In addition to his shipping and whaling activities, George Howland had other interests. He was the principal owner of the Weweantit Iron Company in Wareham, Massachusetts. He was on the board of Directors of the New Bedford and Taunton Rail Road Company during the 1840s. All of the Directories show George Howland serving as a trustee of the Friends Academy in New Bedford.

After George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland joined their father’s shipping and whaling business, the firm became known as George Howland and Sons. The letter books show George Howland that became less active in the business during the 1840s. Letters of direction to whaling ship captains from 1843 onward were signed by George Howland Jr., or Mathew Howland rather than their father.

George Howland died on May 5, 1852. At the time of his death, his estate, which had a net value of $615,000, included 9 whaling vessels with a book value of about $300,000 and a replacement value that could have been close to $1,000,000.

The Letter Books
There are four letter books, all with board covers and leather spines. The first, a volume 8 ½ by 10 inches, covers the dates from July 16, 1803 to March 3, 1811. It has 188 pages. The second letter book is 8 5/8 by 15 ½ and covers the period from March 4, 1811 to December 28, 1823. This book has 260 pages of letters plus 7 pages with information about postage costs. The third letter book, 7 15/16 by 12 15/16 inches, runs from January 1, 1824 to January 20, 1837. It has 158 pages of letters, but the last third of the book is blank. The final letter book is 8 1/16 by 12 15/16. It contains 99 pages of letters related to George Howland’s business during the period from January 27, 1837 to November 12, 1851. In addition, there are 4 pages of material following the notation “letters hereafter copies are in reference to the settlement of the Estate of George Howland and connected with it.” Two additional letters written by George Howland, Jr. and Matthew Howland and dated August 30, 1870 deal with replacing the Captain of the George and Susan while it was in Australia; the relationship to George Howland’s estate is not evident. The last half of this book is blank. Matthew Howland’s letter book for the years 1858 – 1879 is available at the Baker Library, Harvard University.

“In the eighteenth century bound blank volumes were used to record out going correspondence. Many authors used such letter books as a convenient place in which to draft their correspondence, recopying the final version on a separate sheet for mailing, while others copied texts into their letterbooks from the final version of the letter.” (Mary-Jo Kline, A Guide to Documentary Editing, 2nd ed., Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1998, pages 97-98.) Evidence suggests that George Howland used both approaches in his letter books. The presence of insertions and deletions, as well as a number of spelling errors, suggests that Howland’s letters in these books were frequently draft versions rather than a final copy.

The early letters in these books would have been written by George Howland himself or copied by the clerk. In later years George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland were also involved. Two other Howland sons, Augustus and Charles W., made letter book entries on at least a few occasions. The work of several individuals is evident from the variations in handwriting, the abbreviations used, and other stylistic elements. Following the recommendation of Kline (A Guide to Documentary Editing, p. 123) for transcribing correspondence, the transcriber has not attempted to standardize most of the spelling or the abbreviations since these, along with the handwriting, can provide useful clues to the identity of the person who wrote a given letter book entry. However, in order to make these letter books more easily searchable, the transcriber has spelled out (and corrected when necessary) the names of the people and businesses with whom George Howland corresponded as well as the names of places and of ships. The words whale, sperm, and spermaceti are always spelled out. Other words are spelled out when an abbreviation is not obvious.

The largest group of letters involves George Howland’s business correspondence, especially with Cropper Benson & Company, Fish & Grinnell, Josiah Bradlee & Company, Post & Grinnell, Post & Russell, and W.E. & E. B. Laurence & Company Letters of instruction to his captains, both for merchant voyages and for whaling voyages, are included. There are a few letters related to family matters. An index showing the recipient of letters in each book is available.

The letters frequently involve financial dealings with drafts or bills of exchange. These were a means of paying debts in distant places without the risk of sending cash. Drafts are requests for one person to pay another and to charge the amount to the person who makes the request. Arithmetic books from the early part of the nineteenth century often have sections about this process. See for example, Frederick Emerson. North American Arithmetic. Part Third for Advanced Scholars. Boston: G.W. Palmer & Co., 1838, pages 216 – 220, which is available in the Whaling Museum Library.

These letter books use many of the abbreviations that were common in the businesses of the time. These include:
                                                                                                           Act or acc = account
                                                                                                           A/C or a/c = account current
                                                                                                           A/S or a/s = account sales
                                                                                                           Bbls = barrels
                                                                                                           Cr or Ct = credit
                                                                                                           Cwt = hundred weight
                                                                                                           Drft = draft
                                                                                                           Favr = favor
                                                                                                           Frt or frght = freight
                                                                                                           Hhds = hogsheads
                                                                                                           m = thousand
                                                                                                           Recd or rec’d = received

The letter book writers often used initials instead of the full names of individuals or businesses. When subsequent information or research has made the identity clear the transcriber has replaced the initials with the full name. When there is a “best guess” the transcriber has retained the initial and followed it with a bracket showing a question mark and the most likely identity. In the remaining cases the initials remain unchanged.

The transcriber has retained the practice of the writers of most of the earlier letters who used a dash rather than a period to show the end of a sentence. Similarly no attempt has been made to begin sentences with a capital letter if the letter book writer did not do so. Readers will observe that the writing in the letterbooks gradually changes over time and becomes more like contemporary writing style. Closings in the early letters were usually shown as “I am &” but there were some variations. Later letters were often closed “Thine &” or “Thy assured friend.” All of the closings have been transcribed. Datelines rarely showed the location of the writer; New Bedford is assumed. The variations in the datelines have been retained by the transcriber.

The transcriber has not made any systematic attempt to annotate the letters. Information about additional sources that supplement the content of the letters, such as the location of a logbook for a voyage or other related documents, has been included when found. The library and the transcriber welcome any information that readers can provide about the people, events, and places mentioned in these letterbooks.

Preface and transcriptions by Ruth Ekstrom
New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library

 

Transcriptions: March 4, 1811 - December 28, 1823

[inside front cover]

Thomas W Paine
Washington City

[page 1]

To John G Ladd                                               3 mo 4 1811

                        The administrators on Allen Howlands Estate (my Brother) forwarded me a drft from Nantucket on thee for $90.77 (conformable to the A/C which thee forwarded me some time since due the Estate) for collection, which Drft has been returned by Anthony P Gover protested, for the want of authenticated documents to prove that the drawners were really the administrators on said Estate – If thou will be so good as to inform me what proof will be satisfactory to thee , wheather I must in addition to the Judge of Probates Certificate get the Governors Certificate to prove the said Judge was lawfully appointed & empowered to appoint William Macy & Hercheal Barnard as administrators on Allen Howland’s Estate or what steps must be taken – It appears to me that one of two things must have regulated thee in thus refusing payment & causing expense to be put to this small bill – to Delay payment – or thou must have had a very contemptable opionion of us ^in^ this part of the Country, that we should undertake to draw drfts as administrators, & that I should endors the same that it might be collected, without it being done under authority – William Macy was father in Law & Hercheal Barnard Brother in Law to the said Deceased - & their advertisment has been published stating that they were appointed administrators, for several months – I feel not a little mortified to find that my name was not ^of^ sufficient security to thee for $90 – I hope thee will feel thyself holden to pay the expense that has been creationed – as this money has been along time in thy hands with out Interest – I shall forward the Drft again to Anthony P Gover for collection, when the can be satisfied in the authority of the drawers

I am &

 

To Anthony P Gover                                        3 mo 12 1811

 

                        Above I hand thee A/S of thy Flour [?Mer] of which $502 which is now forward’d in a Check on the Bank at New York

2 [penciled page number upper outside corner]

for $413 & the said protested bill of John G Ladd for $90.77 – which together is $503.77   the Drft on Ladd will be paid, if not immediately it must in a few days – I am not a little mortified that I have not been able before this to forward thee the proceeds of thy flour – the flour was sold to men belonging to Nantucket, payment has been prevented by the severity of the weather, which has prevented the packets passing & connsequently the money could not have been recd before this day – with which the best I could do was in procuring a Check on the Merchants Bank New York –

I am &

 

To Anthony P Gover                                        3 mo 28 1811

 

                                    Thy favr of the 19th Inst I have duly recd & I now have it in my power to forward thee a drft with the Register of Probates Certificate attached, which hope will prove be satisfactory for Ladd to pay – or at least he may feel himself more satifyed safe in paying this great sum – I wish thee to return me the old Drft –        

I am &

 

To Jacob Barker                                              4 mo 14 1811

 

                                    I am momently expecting the Ship George & Susan from England & would send her immediately out to Archangel for a return Cargo – provided thee would give me a frt or procure on for the Ship out only, or the most of one, I would address the Ship to Samuel Hazard & for him to procure me a full Cargo back from funds which I have in England – I considered this would be an object with both of you, as it would not only give Samuel a Coms on Commisions on the outward Cargo, but would give him in addition a Coms on the return Cargo, which would be procured from other resources –

I am &

 

To Samuel Hazard                                            5 mo 22 1811

            Archangel

 

                                    I have concluded to send the Ship George & Susan ^ Cap John Wood Jr^ to Archangel for a return Cargo of Russia Good as at foot & to thy address – with full expectations that it ^will^  be agreeable to thee to receive & transact her business,  with a wish that it

3

may ultimately tend to the promotion of our interests mutually my greatest object in this undertaking is to get funds from England without being Subject to the great  loss on Exchange which is now the case between that country & this  - I wish every dispatch given to Capt Wood that will be in thy power give – as he goes out in Balast (excepting 202 Bales of Cotton) which will prevent any delay on acct of an outward Cargo – William Rotch Jr. & Sons have put onboard the Ship 202 Bales of Georgia Cotton on frt out, with the liberty to return the proceeds in the Ship in piece Goods – provided the Ship is not detained in consequence for them – the frt of said Cotton is £497 Stg with Primage – the frt after paying ↑deducting↓ the Port Charges for the Ship I wish paid to Cap Wood – I have written Cropper Benson & Co requesting them to accept thy drfts for my account to the Amot of Nine Thousand Pounds Sterling, which thou wilt draw for on them, to provide the return Cargo for the ship, provided it will take that sum to load her with the articles innumerated at foot – it is some time the case that Iron cannot be had – I should recommened puting in Cordage, of different sizes, together with what [?] piece goods the may be able to procure to make the Ship suffrently stif safe – I shall have the fullest confidence that there will be no exertions wanting on thy part to render this Voyage short as well as proffitable –

I am &

 

[Lines drawn diagonally through all of below]

 

what Hemp she will Stow

 

            150 Tons Iron                          If any of these articles are Iron cannot

            200 pieces best Heavy Duck    be procured then a not sufficient to Balast

            100 pieces Raven Duck            the Ship, then Cordage or any other heavy

                 2 Tons Brussells                  article may be substituted which thee may

               20 Feath Beads                        think most propper – the article of duck may

 

4

 

[Lines drawn diagonally through first 4 lines below]

 

may be varyed according to circumstances as in thy judgment may warrant – the heavy duck of Archangel which I have seen is much inferior to Petersburg, I wish to draw thy attention to this article & wish it may be good –

 

120 to 150 Tons best Hemp as the Ship will stow        

            150 Ton [?D] Iron – this article may be varyed reduced to a less

                        quantity of it should be found best on acct of the Drft of water in

                                                            getting over the Bar

             200 pieces best heavy duck }    

             100 pieces [?] Ravens duck }              these articles may be lessened

                  1 Ton brussells               }              to accomodate the funds provided

                20 Feather Brads              }

                50 pieces [?] midling quality}

 

If Iron cannot be procured or not sufficient to balast the Ship, then Cordage or any other heavy article may be substituted, which in thy judgment may be most proper –

I am &

 

To John Wood Junior                                                   5 mo 22 1811

 

                                    The Ship George & Susan is now ready ↑to embark the first fair wind↓ for Archangel theself Master, which Port thou will make all possible speed for & on thy arrival there ^thee^ will apply to Samuel Hazard American Counsel & deliver thy letters to whom the Ship is addressed & who will receive the Cotton which is onboard the Ship & furnish thee with a return Cargo – I have directed 150 Tons Iron with what Hemp the Ship will stow should this quantity be considered too much for the Ship on Acct of

getting over the Barr, it can be reduced – perhaps thee may be able to put good enough on the fore castle which afterwards may be stowed in the after hole, to bring the Ship on an even keel until thee gets over ^the^ bar – of this thee will be better able to judge after thou becomes a little acquainted with the Harbour – I would recommend thy not having the Ship

5

Secured hard with the Hemp – If Iron should be scarce thee can take a little in the Bottom of the ship together with what piece good may be provided to make the Ship suffiiently stif to be safe & a few Tons of Cordage may likewise be taken if there should not be a sufficiency of the Iron & goods to render the Ship safe – I have requested Samuel Hazard to pay thee, the balance of the frt out after deducting the port Charges & Expenses of the Ship – which I wish thee to vest in such goods as in thy judgment will answer best at this market – for acct of the ship – In case of Captor or detention (which I consider cannot be any) I wish thee to be very particular when thy papers are demanded that thee delivers every paper appertaining to the Ship & with evidence & not to receive any back unless the whole, as it may cause some difficulty – In case of any accident whatever, thee will be very careful that thee proceeds lawfully, that recovery may be had of the Underwriters – thou will take every precaution to prevent any damage to the goods in consequence of any leak – I wish every exertion made to render dispatch throught this Voyage, as it will be important to return early, both on acct of her inward Cargo as in procuring a frt out in the fall – Thou wilt likewise call on the Vineyard Boats for letters on thy return, where I will write which will direct thee to what port to proceed with the Ship – wishing thee a safe & speedy voyage  

I am thy Friend &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 5 mo 25 1811

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of the 1 mo 25 3 mo 6 & 25 & 4 mo 1 & 15 are duly recd to hand their contents Noted – The George & Susan arrived here on the 14th Inst in 25 Days from

6

Port Glasgow, she sailed again yesterday for Archangel direct – I have directed Samuel Hazard American Consul at Archangel to draw on you to the Amot of £9000 Stg should that sum be required to compleat the loading for a return Cargo – this you will please advise him should you think proper to give him this liberty My Brothers [in-law] James Howland and & John Howland, Jr.will direct £1500 placed        on hold subject to my orders should the above sum be drawn – I shall in a few days make a further provision – The Ann Alexander sailed for Dublin on the 16th of 3rd Month & was spoken off the North of Ireland on the 22nd of April the 4th Month & no doubt she arrived in a few days from

that time – Capt Howland is directed to remit you the balance of his frt out – I have no doubt you have ere this recd a remitance from him of about £700 Stg – Inclosed I hand you Frederick Mayhew Dft on Thomas Dickarson & Co of London at 30 Days for £250 Stg which you will please collect & place to my Credit –

I am &

 

To Abraham Barker                                         5 mo 30, 1811

 

                                    Thy favr of the 25th Inst I duly recd – Inclosed I hand thee John Howland Jr. & Co two drfts Amo’ to Thirteen Hundred & fifty Dollars & a Cashiers Check of Seventeen hundred & forty One Dollars on the merchants Bank, both together Amot to Three thousand & Ninety One Dollars – these drafts are as near the time as I could obtain them – please say wheather this will Balance my Acct with thee for the Eleven Tons Hemp & To exchange –

I am &

 

5 mo 24 drft 15 Days date of P & M          for   550

6 mo 30 drft 3 Days sight on [? H J & Co] for   800

5 mo 30 Check                                            for 1741

                                                            ___________

                                                                          3091

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             6 mo 20 1811

 

                                    Since writing the foregoing I have recd your esteemed favours of 4 mo 22 & 27 – the latte advising of receiving £795.15.5 Balance due me from Mason Hodgson & Co, which sum is

7

to your debit – Effingham Lawrence & Son of London will accept your drfts for my Acct for Six Hundrred pounds Stg, which sum you will please draw for when your acceptance for my acct requires it – If any of the provisions made to meet the demands from Archangel fail, you may rest assured that prompt remittance shall be made ^in time^ to met the demands – I do not expect that the £9000 will be drawn as I expect a less sum will answer – I have a New Ship of Near 400 Tons that will sail in a few days for a Southern port for frt the proceeds of which will [?] in your hands –

I am &

 

To William Macy                                              7 mo 27 1811

 

                                    Thy favr of the 5th Inst I have recd & by the enclosed thy request is complyed with - at foot is a Copy of a Statment recd from Jonah Bradlee for Insurance effected on Schooner Cornelia, by the direction of my Father – the balance arriving thus far you will note is accounted for by the same amot being indorsed on Allen’s Notes to A Peave, which notes were endorsed by my Father & of course held accountable - & as he directed the Insurance to be effected by me, he concurred the amot arriving ought by right be applyed to the payment of those Notes – the payment of which he was holden - & particularly as it was on the same property he was so holden - & directed me to pay it over accordingly. As Peave would not give up the Notes to be sent into the administrators until they were settled – therefore we have thought it most advisable to settle the Notes which I have done- the Notes with a Statement accompanying will show that the balance due on them amounts to $401.94 – this sum – I have have charged in my Acct - & if the Estate should be Insolvent, can be liquidated accordingly – As I have no doubt the Estate will be good for all demands against it the balance will finally appear due for me to be $459.48 which

8

sum (if found ultimately to be correct) you will pay when it will be wanted – Interest will be allowed as long as it remains in my hands –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                 8 mo 3 1811

 

                        I have not been able to procure a Drft on Boston for the Amo of thy bill duck furnished in the 4th Mo last – concluding a Drft Check on the New York Bank would answer thy purpose equally well – I now inclose thee a Check on the Merchants Bank New York for $740.80 & two bills payable at the Boston Banks for $120 – making a sum equal to the Amot of thy bill such say $860.80 – should the check on New York not answer thy purpose please return it & I will forward thee such money as I can procure –

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                  8 mo 10 1811

 

                                    Thy esteemed favr of the 30th Ulto is recd & in reply can say I have concluded to get the New Ship ready & send her into Hampton Roads, in order to imbrace the best business that may offer either at Norfolk or up the River, on acct of the season  I shall not be in haste, but thee may calculate she will be with you the begining of next month, the Capt will call on thee, & if thee can have a frt for her on as good terms as may be obtained at the Point, I should be glad for thee to have one engauged & ready on her arrival, if it is practicable – a direct Port is always to be prefered even at a less frt – if a frt should be procured to call for orders & proceed for a second Port, I wish the Port or Ports she has liberty to proceed too, to be named as it some time makes great difference in Insurance – the ship is 360 Tons. I cant say how much Tobacco she may stow, but expect she will carry pretty well for her Tonage – the

9

Ann Alexander has not yet arrived but daily expected, if she should arrive & I can have sufficient incouragement I will sent her immediately on to Norfolk –

I am &

 

To Jonathan Davis                                            9 mo 10 1811

            Boston

 

                                    I notice thy adertising for Ships to load with timber at Amelia Island, I have a Ship of 360 Ton new fine Vessell, which I should like to procure business for, she is at this Port & now ready for Sea – Please say the best terms thou can give for Load or Ton of Timber frt with 5 pCt Primage & what are the conditions etc etc & what port in England the Cargo to be deliver’d – & whether any small lumber will be given to stowage & a reply by return mail will much oblige me, as I shall direct the Ship otherways, should thy terms be such as they could not be complyed with –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson &Co                                  9 mo 13 1811

 

                        Your several esteemed Favours of the 5 mo 10 & 21 – 6th Mo 7, 10 & 24 & 7 Mo 22 & 25 are duly to hand – several of them advising of having received several remitances say £726 from BT & Pemberton Dublin - £600 from Effringham Laurence & Son London £250 forwarded you under cover of mine of the 25th of 5 Month & £1500 placed to my Order by my Brothers – these Sums together with my acct with you marketh a balance due me exceedg the appropriation for the Russia Cargo by the George & Susan – I think your Statement per letter 7  mo 24 of the balance ^due me^ cannot be exactly correct – the outward Tonage duty on the Brigt Robert Barclay Cap Cornelius Howland – was expected to have been returned, please ↑say↓ whether it has been recd – at the time of

10

my determining on sending the George & Susan to Archangel & advising you of the same, with &  request ^you^ to authorise Samuel Hazard to draw on you for £9000 – I did not expect your letter would reach him at Archangel before the Ship in all probability would leave Archangel – I procured letters her to Samuel Hazard that would in a degree remedy this deficit – I shall [?] be obliged by you having my acct closed that the exact balance may be obtained known –

 

To Richard Blow                                  10 mo 15 1811

 

                                    Thy favr of the 18th Ulto I duly recd [?via] New York I have obtained a full frt to load at Savannah for England – the Ann Alexander is lying at New York without business I have some expectation of sending her into Virginia – please say what prospects of frt for a Ship of her Size with you – she will carry short of 300 hhds of Tobacco –

I am &

 

To William Robertson                           10 mo 15 1811

 

                                                Thy favr of the 2nd of August was duly recd – since which I have sent our New Ship to Savannah – the Ann Alexander is laying at New York without business – I think of sending her into Virginia, please say what prospect of business with you – she will carry about 280 hhds – I shall be very glad to have the George & Susans business settled ^as^ soon as thy convenicne will atmit – I hope the provissions are sold ere this –

I am &

 

To R Richardson & Co                                     10 mo 16 1811

 

                                    My Brother [in law] John Howland Jr Chartered our ship Howland to Hampton & Welby in Boston to load with timber & at Savannah, for account of Hibberson &

11

& Yonge  & have directed her to you for her Cargo – the bearer of this, Cap Cornelius Howland will have the pleasure to call on you for it –& from the good Character of your House, I feel confident that the Ship will meet with good dispatch – the Charter we get is very low – I shall be much obliged by your rendering to Cap Howland what assistance he may need at the Custom House & I pay a Coms between Hampton & Welby & their Broker, in Boston on the load of frt – I shall feel myself under an obligation to you if you would fix either Plymouth or Portsmouth for the Port which the ship may discharge her Cargo –

I am &

 

Dear Brother [Cornelius Howland]                                10 mo 16 1811

 

                        The Ship Howland is now ready for Savannah thyself Master, which port thee will make the best of thy way for & on thy arrival at the anchoring place about 4 Miles below Savannah & the wind unfavourable to proceed up, it may be well to stop & go up to Town in thy boat & on inquiring thee will be able to find wheather it will be best to go up to Town or not with the Ship – if the Wharfes at the anchoring place should be clear so as thee can get a good berth I think it will be best to load there provided R Richardson & Co would deliver the Cargo at the Ship I would recomend thy taking in some Timber before all the Balast is taken out – I wish thee to use all thy influeance with R Richarson & Co for to send the Ship either to Portsmouth or Plymouth, the first Port in the channell would be preferred – I shall write Cropper Benson & Co to write thee at one the Dock Yards thee will be stronglly governed by the Charter party [mercantile lease of ship], give writen notice when the Ship is ready to Load & likewise when ready to discharge & be particular to have the number of

12

days which thee may lay at Savannah endorsed on the back of the Charter party - & when the whole time is run out, thee will make a regular demand every day for the [?Dunage] - only demand it, it may not be recd until the whole time is assertained – see that the Bill of Lading for the Cargo is fill’d up for the frt, say frt as per Charter party – I feel confident that no exertions will be wanting on thy part to render this Voyage as short as possible, with economy – Wishing thee a good & prosperouse Voyage & safe return to thy Family & Friends I am thy Affect Brother George Howland

 

To Elijah Kempton                                           10 mo 22 1811

 

                                    I was disappointed in not seeing thee before thee went on – I wish thee to have the Ann Alexander made ready & if no business should be obtained by Post & Minturn in all this week, then thee will proceed with her to Hampton Roads & go thyself to Norfolk & apply to Richard Blow who will advise thee where to proceed with the ship for a frt – I handed thee three letters which I wish thee to forward by Mail, one for Richard Blow, one for William Robertson & one for Cearns & Crary – advising them that the Ann Alexander would proceed to Hampton Roads & requesting them to write Richard Blow & advise him what can be done at City Point or at Baltimore – it will be best to take meat enough for a Voyage, bread can be got in Virginia best –

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                  10 mo 26 1811

 

                        The bearer of this Capt Elisha Kempton of the Ann Alexander, who I have directed to call on thee with an expectation that a frt may be procured for the Ship in some of your Rivers for Europe – If thee should be able to procure

13

the most of a frt for a Port in Ireland on to Greenock or Liverpool on such terms as will be best in thy judgment to accept, thee is at liberty to fill up the Ship with good Barl & Hhds Staves on owners acct & Immediately on thy advising of this being done I will forward sufficient funds to meet the Cost – please say wheather thee would be able to negociate with you, a Check drawn by the Cashier of our Bank on the Merchants Bank at New York if not please say what way money may be forwarded – If a full frt for the Ship could be procured in Virginia on good terms it would be prefered to loading the Ship in part with Staves –

I am &

 

To Capt Elisha Kempton                                  10 mo 26 1811

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 22nd Inst – I expect it will have been decided by the recept of this wheather thee goes to Virginia with the Ship – it thee goes, I wish every exertion made to be there as soon as possible, thee will be strictly careful that thee proceeds properly in all thy business & that thee endeavour to Ship such men as will not leave the Ship at the Southward be very careful in geting along with the Ship that no accident may happen as no Insurance will be made until it is ascertained where thee gets a frt for – I shall give Richard Blow liberty to fill up the Ship with Staves, provided good ones can be had, if he can procure the most of a Cargo on frt – should this be the case thee will endeavour to get the best to staves – the inclosed Letter thee will carry thyself to Norfolk, or should thee not go there may burn it –

I am &

14

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         10 mo 26 1811

 

                                    Since I wrote you on the 18th Ulto I have recd your esteemed favour of the 29th of  7th Mo & the 20th & 29th of 8 Mo their Contents noted – the second covering your A/C with the Robert Barclay, balanced by a Transfer of £2850.0.11 – to my Acct, & my A/C balanced by a balance carried to my Ct of £7947.11.3 – all of which appears correct, & my acct is in conformity - Hugh Mills Jr demand for Amot short chd for duties on Staves for the George & Susan must be defered a few days, as Cap Wood is daily expected, when he can give me some information on the subject – our New Ship the Howland has gone for Savannah to load with timber for one of his Mi [?Maine] Dock Yds - If practicable I should wish you to take charge of her business on her arrival – if  not – I shall be obliged by your advising Cap Cornelius  Howland (who is master of her) in her business – it is expected she will discharge either at Portsmouth or Plymouth – the port will be fixed before she sails from Savannah  - when I will again advise you  - I wish the balance of her frt out to be placed to my Ct with you - 

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                                           11 mo 7 1811

 

                                    I have put onboard the Packet Cap Norton Hhds Tallow  1 Cask [?Brotles] & 30 bundles Sheet Iron which hope you may be able to sell on good terms, it would be best to sell them from the Packet, if practicable as it will save expense, I find it will be necessary to calculate every saving to save ourselves in our Archangel Voyage – the Tallow I expect is of a very good quality – we have Hhds more, I have sent one Cask [?Brotles] to try the market, we have Nine Casks more to send on should you be able to encourage us by making a good sale of this – the Sheet Iron I call handsome & have no doubt it will command a handsome price

15

Capt Norton could not take anymore of the sheet Iron this trip, however the quantity sent will give you a fair sample & if you should meet with a good opportunity, you can sell about 12 Tons more which can be sent by next packet  - we have about 15 Tons Cordage, what would it bring in New York - 

I am &

 

To Cory Taber (Savannah)                                           11 mo 16 1811

 

                                                I have taken the liberty to send to thy care for Sale per the Sloop John & Henry Cap Alden Wing 26 Coils Cordage as per Invoice annex’d & hope thou will be able to make a ready sale of it on good terms - I have agreed to pay Cap Wing at the rate of $3 per Ton Freight - I wish thee to make sale of it before the leaves Savannah -

I am &

 

To Samuel Crocker & Co                                 11 mo 17 1811

 

                                                I have about 70 Tons Iron imported in the George & Susan from Archangel of a good quality, please say wheather you would wish to purchase it, or any part & What you would be willing to give at 6 Month Credit - 

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                              11 mo 17 1811

 

                                    Thy favour of the 29th Ulto & 5th Inst I have duly recd – the latter advising of the arrival into Hampton Roads of the Ann Alexander - I expect thou hast ere this recd my letter of the 26th Ulto which gives thee liberty to load the Ann Alexander in part with Staves on owners acct – provided thee had an opportunity of procuring the other part on frt to some port in Ireland Greenock or Liverpool – should thee do this, I will forward what funds thee may think sufficient – immediately on geting the information

16

thou will of course order the Ship to Norfolk if no business offer for her else where - I have the Ship George & Susan here – a very fine fast sailing ship of 207 Tons – please say if thee can do any thing for her – she has brought me a Cargo of Hempt, Iron, Duck Cordage frt from Archangel please say if any of these articles will answer at Norfolk & wheather they will command a ready sale & at what rates –

I am &

 

Dear Brother [Cornelius Howland]                                11 mo 17 1811

 

                        We have account of the arrival of the Comet 2 days since – but not of thine - I was in hopes that thee would have been able to have got to Savannah before her as P Allen told John if he did not beat them he would never show his head in Bedford again - I hope thee will not let him get much the start of the – in geting away from Savannah – thee will do well to get the good side of R Richardson & Co that they may do all they can in having thee loaded as soon as possible - I wish thee to use all thy influances [?] with them to let the Ship go to Portsmouth or Plymouth & if thee cannot prevail on them without thee may offer them a Coms on the frt if that will induce them to send her to one of those places.Thy Cannon was sent by a Vessell that C Peaver went in - I have shipped Cory Taber 2 Tons Cordage for Sale & I have requested him to let thee have what supplies thee may want, should the money sent by thee not be sufficient to pay all thy expenses -. I wish thee to procure all the real Cider thee can on owners acct - I wish thee to have the Ship stowed as close as thee can, for I expect she will carry herself full and be very deep - J Price told me he expected to carry one [?tear] on ↑the↓ deck of his Ship- I have written Cropper Benson & Co

17

to render thee what assistance thee may stand in need of at the dock yds which thee may go to – thee will be governed accordingly-

I am &

 

To R Richardson & Co                                     11 mo 19 1811

 

                                                I wrote you under date of the 16th of last Month, by my Brother of the Ship Howland to your address, the arrival of which Ship I have not as yet heard – by your letter of the 31 Ulto to my Brothers John & James Howland I learn that you could then obtain £7.7 or £9.10 per Load for Timber to Plymouth or Portsmouth on fright – should this be the fact, on the recpt of this letter you are at liberty to engage a fine fast Sailing Ship of 287 Tons which I have call’d the George &Susan - I have her nearly discharged from a Cargo of Archangel (Rusia) Goods - please say what her Russian Iron, Hemp, Cordage, Duck & will sell with you & at what rates an early reply will confer an obligation on me - I very much wish for you to determine on sending the Ship Howland with her Cargo to either Portsmouth or Plymouth –

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                                           11 mo 19 1811

 

                                    Your favr of the 14 & 16 Inst I have recd the former by mail & the latter by packet accompanying my acct with you I have not as yet examined to see if correct, but may just say I am very much disappointed in seeing one charge which is made, altho it is I will admit your custom in most cases, it is the port charge of the [?] which I have ever had made me before & I was in hopes to have escaped it – the return premium on the Ann Alexander I believe is not Cr – please say wheather all the money was collected from the Passingers from the George & Susan – I have put on board the Packet Emily 100 Rolls Sheet Iron & 22 hhd Tallow of the same quality as the last which hope you will be able to sell on as good terms as the last –

I am &

18

To William Robertson                                       11 mo 20 1811

 

                                    Thy esteemed favour of the 28th Ulto I a few days since recd covering A/Sales of Beef & Pork Amog to $258.50 which appears correct - If thou art convinced that a settlement cant be had for the frt due the George & Susan without paying for the goods missing, I wish it may be settled by paying for them – the average loss on the Ship I very much wish may be settled at the same time if possible, as it prevents my making other settlements – the George & Susan is now here unemployed she has just returned from Archangel with a Cargo of Russia Goods – please say what Hemp, Iron, Duck, Cordage, would bring with you - 

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                              11 mo 20 1811

 

                                                I have sent by the packet to New York to be forwarded from thence by the  [blank] Cap [blank] for Norfolk as per bill lading enclosed 3 bales Duck containing 4 pcs Russian & 5 pcs Ravens Duck with 4 Cos Cordage for the Ann Alexander – should she have left Norfolk on the recept of the above articles – I shall be obliged by thy making sales of them for my acct –

I am &

 

To R Richardson & Co                                     12 mo 6 1811

 

                                    Since writing you on the 19th Ulto I have recd your estemed favr of the 5 & 9th Inst - I am pleased to find by the latter that it was likely the Howland would have her Cargo as fast as she could take it in - The bearer of this letter Cap Jacob Almy of the Ship George & Susan (which ship I mentioned to you under date of the 19th Inst) I send to your addesss with expectation that you will have a frt engauged for her of Timber to Plymouth or Portsmouth – should this not be the case I should be glad

19

if you could procure a frt of Rice & Cotton on good terms – however I shall feel very confident that no exertions will be wanted on your part in procuring an advantagious frt for the George & Susan to a good port in Europe, either of Timber or Cotton & Rice – I have put on board the George & Susan Ten Tons of Russia Iron which hope may be sold to meet the expenses of the Ship at Savannah -

I am &

 

Cap Jacob Almy                                               12 mo 7 1811

 

                                    The George and Susan under thy command is now ready for to embrace the first fair wind for Savannah which port thee will make use thy best exertions for & on thy arrival thee will deliver the letter herewith handed thee to R Richardson & Co to whom the Ship is addressed  - & I expect they will have a frt of Timber engauged for the Ship for either Portsmouth or Plymouth – should this prove not to be the case, & frt or the most of a frt of Cotton should offer for a port in England or Ireland thee may fill the Ship with Lumber on owners acct – however I have no doubt but a frt of Timber can be obtained at a fair rate, should nothing else better offer - I limitted R Richardson & Co to £7.7 per Load of Timber – but should it appear on thy arrival at Savannah – that price could not be obtained & nothing else offers to take it at a less rate – should a frt of Cotton & Rice offer for Liverpool  even at a less frt than what the Ship would make with Timber, I should prefer its being done – I shipped Cory Taber about Two Tons Cordage, should he sell any, so as to be able to pay the anything on acct of it, I should like it – should thee find a need of more funds than what thee may be able to realise from the Iron & Cordage sent by thee, thee must draw on me for the balance - I shall write thee more particularly

when I learn the destination of the Ship – my friends in Europe are Cropper Benson &Co Liverpool, Effingham Laurence & Son London Charles Fawsett & Co Dublin –  should thee go to any       other port than either London or Liverpool – thy remitances will be made to Cropper Benson & Co            to my Ct  -

I am &

20

To Post & Minturn                                           12 mo 15 1811

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you Benjamin W [?] Bill of Exchange on Benjamin Burroughs for $681.27 which you will please collect & place to my Ct  - I shall be glad for you to mention the return premium on the Ann Alexander etc -

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                              12 mo 17 1811

 

                                    I have by this days mail forwarded to Post & Minturn New York $1000 to be by them forwarded to thee in the way which thee has pointed out - I have

concluded that thee may commence loading the Ann Alexander with good Hhd & Barrel Staves on owners acct - I am stil in hopes thee will be able to procure a part of a frt – but should this not be the case, thee will please mention the possible Amot it will take to load her with Staves - Some Naval Stores may be put in, should the prices with you be such as in thy judgment to pay as well as staves - I wish attention to be paid to the quality, to ship none but good Staves –

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                               12 mo 17 1811

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you our Cashiers Check for $1000 on the Merchants Bank New York the Amot of which I shall be much obliged by your forwarding to Richard Blow Norfolk in a Check from your Merchants Bank on the Virginia Branch Bank –

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                               12 mo 18 1811

 

                                    I have this day examined your A/C rendered 10 mo 30 1811 & find that you have charged me a Drft

21

of $500 dated 6 mo 22 1810 which drft you will find by examining your Books was charged me in a preceeding acct – which with some errors in the Interest acct will when corrected make the balance due you stand thus

 

                        The Balance due you as stated ----                                  $7775.89

 

            Deduct

 

To Over charge in Drft of                                                          500

To Corrct on advancing the same                                                  12.50

To Interest charged ^on^ [? ?]   Interest acct                               41.57

To over charge of Interest in the 8th, 11th, 27th & 28th charges    1.18

                                                                                                 _______

                                                                                                                  555.19

my Acct stands Balanced by a balance due you of                               $7220.70

on the 30th of 10 month 1811 – which if you should find correct please note it accordingly –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            12 mo 25 1811

 

                                                I wrote you under date of 10 m 26 since which I have the pleasure to acknowledge the rect of your esteemed favour of 10 mo 5 - Inclosed I hand you a Certifia to recover the light money for the South Channels, which Certificate is rendered necessary as Capt Wood was obliged to pay for both the Channells at Greenock - I shall be obliged by your forwarding this Certificate to Hugh Milligen of Port Glasgow, which which you will please make up the Amot due him for deficience of duty on Staves as stated  £18.4.5 - I mentioned in my last to you that the Ship Howland was loading at Savannah with Timber for One of his M Dock yds – wishing you to take charge of her business on her arrival – at which time I had no doubt but she would discharge either at Portsmouth or Plymouth but ↑by↓ this evenings Mail has brought me advise^ contrary to expectations^ I have recd advices from my friends at Savannah that Woolwich is fixed for the Port of discharge for the Howland, therefore I should an did the wish to put her under the immediate care of Effingham Laurence & Son London

22

If it should not interfere with any steps you may have taken on her acct – the Ann Alexander is loading at Norfolk with Staves ^Hhds & [?]^ with liberty to take in some Naval Stores provided the price will answer - I shall direct her to call off Cork for Orders where to proceed with her Cargo,  I shall be much obliged by your advising Lacky & Mark of my intentions & likewise what you can do with her Cargo at Liverpool & if any other port should in your opinion be beter than either Cork or Liverpool you will please advise them – & the proceeds of her Cargo I wish placed to my Credit with ^you^ should she go to any other port than London - My Brothers John & James Howland will direct you to place £1140 to my Credit with you instead of the £1500 held subject to my order -

I am &

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son                                      12 mo 25 1811

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 5th of Sept I duly recd  - I have by this evenings mail recd advices from my frds at Savannah that the Ship Howland Cap Cornelius Howland would discharge her Cargo of Timber at Woolwich – contrary to my expectations – as I fully expected that Plymouth or Portsmouth would be her port of discharge -  I directed Cropper Benson & Co to take the necessary care of the Ships business - If the Ship should arrive at Woolwich I have writen to Cropper Benson & Co under this date, I should wish to place her under your immediate care - I wish you to do the needful for her provided Cropper Benson & Co have not on the recept of this assumed her business even at Woolwich – please confer with them on the subject -  I shall take the liberty to direct some letter to your care for Capt Howland which you will have the goodness to forward to him –

I am &

23

Lacky & Mark                                                 12 nio 26 1811

 

                                    I am aloading the ↑Brig↓ Ann Alexander Cap Elijah  Kempton at Norfolk with Hd & Barl Staves for a market in England or Ireland some Naval Stores may ↑will↓ be added should the prices at Norfolk answer for shipping - I shall direct her to call off Cork for Orders from you to know what port it will be best for her to proceed to -  I have writen to my friends Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool advising them of my intentions & requested them to advise you what may by done with them & wish you to direct the ship there, should it appear to you to be most to our Interest – should the Ship arrive before you have any advice from Cropper Benson &Co you will act your judgment in directg her else where [?] stoping at Cork - I expect a prefferable market may be found in Ireland to England - I shall direct Cap Kempton to set his Signal colour at the fore top Galant head, which is a tapering Colour White field with a black H in it, with ↑and↓ her Pendant under it - I should prefer her going to Liverpool, provided the Orders in Council are removed unless the probability of the Sales of the Cargo would be nearly as much [?] than the expense of sending her round after discharging in Ireland

            The proceeds of the Ships Cargo after paying [?Lacks] her expenses I wish

placed to my Credit ^with^ Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool –

I am &

 

Dear Brother Cornelius                                     12 mo 28 1811

 

                                    I have just recd a letter from R Richardson & Co stating that Woolwich was fixed for the port of discharge for the Ship I have written      to Effingham Laurence & Son London to render thee what assistance thee may stand in need of & the balance of the frt of the Ship out thee will have placed to my Credit with Effingham Laurence & Son & if they can procure any frt for the Ship back (should the non Importation act be repealed) I wish thee to take it – provided thee should consider it an object - I fully expect that dispatch & economy will be pro-

24

moted as much as ^is^ in thy power consistently to do – thee will take all precaution thee can that the Pilots & do not get the advantage of thee in their charges & demands - If thee can get the offer of a good Freight to return to the Southward for it, I think it may be as well as unless the Order in Counsel should be repealed before the leaves London, as in that case I expect freight will be good in this countray -  it is expected that grain will be high in England, during the next year – it may be thee may get an offer of a frt of Rice

Wheat or Flour from the United States - In all this thee will act with advise of Effingham Laurence & Son & what may appear to thy judgment to be to the Interest of the Owners of the Ship – fully confiding in thee, that all will be done to promote the Interest of the ship that is within thy power - & I want thee to consider that thee has a fine large Ship in which the Perquisites do amount to avery considerable & that to the Master & I presume  thee will consider thy own Interest enough to be very industrious with her while thee ^is^ young & not to refuse good business becaise it may deprive thee of seeing thy friends (which would be agreeable to us all) by returning to the Southward –

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                                           12 mo 31 1811

 

                                    I missed of sending this letter by the last Packet & I now enclose a Check for One Thousand Dollars which I shall be obliged by your forwarding to Richard Blow in the same way as the last sent you – this is an addition to my letter of the 18th Inst - 

I am &

 

To Capt Elijah Kempton                                               12 mo 31 1811

 

                                    I have been disappointed in not having a letter from thee stating what you were doing & in what manner you were employing youselves - I have learnt by

25

Capt Wright that all the Crew had left the Ship a circumstance alone sufficient for the subject of a letter - I cant tell how many men there were shipped to the Ship in New York but by the money charged for advance wages there were more than what is considered her compliment – 9 all told or 9 & a boy is considered her Crew & I expect no more will be taken - I expect you will be nearly with a Cargo of Staves by the receipt of this, I wish every dispatch used that is possible & proceed direct for Cork, off the port of Cork thee will set thy signal Colour which has an H in it & the Pennant under it at the Fore top Gallant head which signal will be attended to by Lacky & Mark to whom I have writen advising them that thee would appear off Cork with that Signal & they will advise thee where to proceed with the Ship either to stop at Cork or proceed else where – thee will be governed by their directions – after wating a suitable time thee should get no information from them, thee will then touch into the harbour & advise them of thy being in & at the same time forward them the enclosed letter & then wate their directions – should thee discharge at Cork thy time there may be short as northing will hinder an immediate dispatch, 10 or 14 Days may be the extent - I wish every & extra exertion used to return immediately as I am in hopes the Ship will be in time to go to Archangel - Thou must be well aware of the necessity of activity in the Master of a Ship as well as very industrious, that every advantage may be taken of every favourable circumstance to promote the Interest of the ship, that unless their is this letter may be expected – my friends at Dublin is Charles Fausett& Co at Liverpool Cropper Benson & Co at London Effingham Laurence & Son which houses should thee have occation may be called upon - On thy return to America thee will call at the Vineyard Pilot Boats for directions & if the finds none then proceed to New Bedford If any passingers should present thee can bring them, & unless the Non Importation act should be repealed be very particular that no goods come in the Ship - If repealed thee may bring me a few pieces good Linen - 

I am &

26

To Richard Blow                                              12 mo 31 1811

 

                                    Since my letter of the 17 Inst I have thine of the 13th Inst , I have by this days Mail forwarded to my friends Post & Minturn $100 to be by them forwarded to thee in the way directed as thee has not mentioned to me the price of Staves, I cannot form a very accurate calculation of the Amot it will take to load the Ship therefore thee may for the balance, draw on me payable in New York or when the balance is assertained, I will forward thee a Check for the Amot - I have directed Capt Elijah Kempton to proceed with the Ship off Cork for Orders from Lacky & Mark Merchts at Cork, where to proceed with the Ship – as I have but little doubt that Cork will be her port of discharge I think it will be well to fill her papers to them if thee should think proper - I wish the Ship may be dispatched as soon as possible –

I am &

 

To Samuel Hazard                                            1 mo 1. 1812

 

                                    Thy esteemd favr of the [blank] & [blank] of Sept I duly recd the Former cover Invoice & Bill Lading of the George & Susan Cargo – the latter covering a Bill of Exchange on Benjamin Burroughs for 681.27 which has been accepted as likewise covering thy Acct Curt stating a balance due me of 5762. 67/100  Rubles, which balance I dont know but is correct- it appears to me that two of the Charges in thy Acct are duplicate charges as the same sums are charged & deducted from the proceeds of the Exchange sold in Saint Petersburg – say Brokerage or Stamps 381.15 & 1525.59 for 1 pCt Commission for negociating the bill, it appear to me they aught not to be but once charged – thee will please correct them should they be found wrong on an investigation, otherwise the accts appear correct- the George & Susan arrived in short passage on the 27th of 10th Month, but a sorrowful arrival indeed to me & our Family, my Brother Matthew fell

27

from the fore yard of the Ship (only two evenings before Ship arrived) & was instantly killed, he was brought in in the Ship – the George & Susans Cargo excepting the Tallow & Sheet Iron has come to a very bad market – the Hemp is of an excellent quality – could thee have been on the spot at the time the ship arrived our loss would not have been so great – I have concluded to send a Ship to Archangel in the Sumer, which I expect will

be the Ann Alexander about 210 Tons & shall direct my friends Cropper Benson & Co & Effingham Laurence & Son London to open a Credit^in thy favour^ for what Amot may be in their hands belonging to me – should I wish Fifty Tons Sheet Iron of the same thickness & quality as that sent be the George & Susan but the size to be 21 ½  by 44 Inches, or at least to correspond with one of those dimentions & Fifty Tons Tallow of the like quality as that by George & Susan provided it come no higher & One Hundred Tons of other goods which may appear to be most favourable – Iron will not answer unless it

can be purchased at from 2 to 3 Ro & at that it will do very well - If thee could load her for England with a Cargo under a prospect of a better proffit than coming to American thee is at liberty to do it – Hemp I think will be higher next Sumer, the present prices of Russia goods are Hemp $210 – Iron $85 to 90 Duck first quality $23 Ravens $10 the

Tallow by the George & Susan was sold at 12 ½ Cents per [?] & the Sheet Iron at $13 per Cwt & would have been ¢16 had the size been favourable – the quantity of Sheet Iron & Tallow may be increased or decreased to accommodate the funds or to accommodate other goods which in thy judgment will do ↑be↓ best -  I dont calculate thee will be able to purchase hemp & piece goods th so as to answer at this Market all my fulds I am sorry to say will not be in time for thee to take the advantage of the winter purchase as most of them are now about to leave this country in frts etc – the Ann Alexander is now nearly loaded at Norfolk on my Acct with Staves & Naval Store bound to England or Ireland & the Ship

28

Howland has just Saild from Savannah with about £2500 Stg frt for London – then with about £1000 in fund, will be about the appreperation – should any frt offer thee is at liberty to take it, if for^for this place or^ New York ↑provided the ship is not full↓ & at such rates as in thy judgment will be best – my Brothers John & James Howland are One Quarter owners in the Ann Alexander & each be the same interested in the Cargo which thee may procure – We have all nearly all the George & Susan Cargo on hand, holding on for a better

market – should our government remove the Non Importation Act with England. Sheet Iron would not bring what it is now worth as it would be imported from thence in large quantities – thee will please advise as fast as thee makes any purchases for us – the quantity of Ravens duck recd by the George & Susan was double the quantity devitted & a very bad article –

I am &

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son                                      1 mo 6 1812

 

                                    My Brothers John & James Howland have will request you to place subject to the Samuel Hazard drfts from Archangel One Thousand Pound Stg this with what money may come into your hands from the Ship Howland you I shall be obliged by your advising him & giving him liberty to draw for, whatever the Amot may be – I shall be obliged by your opening this Credit to Samuel Hazard as soon as you can consistantly –

 

Cropper Benson & Co                          1 mo 1 1812

 

                                    What money may come into your hands for my acct you will please give Samuel Hazard of Archangel liberty to draw for – as soon as you can consistantly open a Ct for the Ann Alexander Cargo I shall be much obliged by your doing it –

I am &

29

To Cap Jacob Almy                                                     1 mo 19. 1812

 

                                                Thy favr of the 2 Inst I last evening recd & am much pleased to find that thy prospects for a full Cargo of Cotton was so good & at [?1 7/20 isto] fr- I wrote thee on the 2nd Inst mentioning that I wished the Iron left with Cory Taber but I find by a letter from R Richardson & Co that they expected to take it into Store for Sale If they have it in care to sell I do not wish it changed unless it can be honourable done & with

their full consent – should the Iron & Cordage be sold, thee may after paying the Ships expences, if any of consequence remain have the balance layed out in any article thee may think proper on Ships Acct & take it with thee to Liverpool giving me an acct of the same, as well as the Ships expenses or her acct with them at Savannah before Sailing - It is expected that Government will admit the importation of Goods from England under some restrictions thee may be able to procure a return frt of those goods – it is possible that Importations may be allowed generally in which case I wish thee to return with all possible speed to New York with what fine Salt the ship will take with 150 Crates of Ware & Cole sufficient to dunage the same all of which thee will act with advise from Cropper Benson &Co to whom the ship will be addressed & to whom thee will apply - 

I am &.

 

 

To Cap Jacob Almy                                         1 mo 21 1812

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 19th Inst in which I did not mention that if the Iron could be Sold in a Barter trade for Cotton or Rice on much better terms than for Cash it may be disposed of in that way & the articles taken on board the Ship on Owners Acct - If Cotton should be procured for it or in part it may be taken on

30

Deck - & if it can be procured on frt as much may be taken on Deck as you can well & safely Stow - & I place full confidence that no part of the Ship will be unoccupeyed, but as much as can properly be taken in will be – as Cotton is a Cargo that a Ship will have to be filled with & as well as to be a  little crowded with in your accommodation It may be that Cory Taber would be willing to make you some advance on acct of the Cordage I have with them, or at least he would advance thee for a Drft on me, without any Coms on such advance - Thou will of course make as little expence at Savannah since there as possible, that thy drfts may me light in these scarce times for money –

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                              1 mo 21 1812

 

                                    Inclosed I hand thee a check on the Merchants Bank New York for One Thousand Dollars for acct of the Ann Alexander, which hope thee may be able to manage with it equal to Cork - If thou art Sure that deposits can be made with the Merchants Bank favour of your Bank would it not be wise to make or Order the deposit thyself - I gave Post &Minturn an Extract of thy letter pointing out the manner in which the deposit could be made to obtain a Check on your Bank – please mention to Capt Taber I wish him to forward his acct with the Ann Alexander before sailing - I hope thou wilt be able to procure good Staves for the Ship - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             1 mo 21. 1812

 

                                                Since writing you on the 25th of last month I am without any of your esteemed favours to reply to -  I have no to advise you that the George & Susan Cap Almy is loading at Savannah with Cotton for Liverpool & to your address she will probably sail by the 1 to 10th of next Month – should it appear on the arrival of the Ship that no importations will be allowed by our Government & that the Ship will be returning in balast

31

in which case would it not be best for him not to go into Dock as a Cargo of Cotton would not or need not detain the Ship but a few days & might be dispatched immediately -  Should importations be allowed I wish you to put on board the ship what fine Salt she may bring with 150 Crates well apointed Ware with sufficient Coal to dunage the same - I have no expectations this can be done –

I am &

 

To Samuel Hazard                                1 mo 21 1812

 

                                    I wrote thee under date of the 1st Inst to which I refer – since which I have not recd any of thy favours It is some expected that our government will allow importations from England – therefore I wish thee to suspend for the present any purchases for my acct agreeable to my letter of the first – excepting the 50 Tons sheet Iron, if it can be procured at the dimentions stated - I shall write thee again, when it is ascertained what course our Government will take respecting the importation from England – [?]  our government appears not inclined to open soon [?Inters] with England under present circumstances thererfor I wish thee to pay not attention to the above letter –

George Howland [?] 10th

 

To R Richardson & Co                         1 mo 27 1812

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 5, 28 & 31st of last month have been duly recd & by the last I am glad to find you had received the most of a frt of Cotten for the George & Susan to Liverpool - I was in hopes you would have been able to procure [?] enough on frt to have balasted her - & in reply to the 2nd I must confess I am much disappointed in finding you had drawn on me for a Coms on the Howlands frt – as my expressed agreement with Hampton & Welby of Boston was that no Coms would be Okd by you (you will see by annexed copy of a letter from them) & I presume my brother gave you no further trouble than what you would necessarily be put to had H & Yonge met you

32

one of their Ships to Load with timber – however it was under the impression the Ship was sent to you to receive her Cargo – as you will readily conceive a friend of mine Cory Taber now at Savannah offered me before he left this place to render all necessary assistance to Cap Howland gratis – but as the Cargo was coming from you, I thought it better not to have

any other person to interface in the business with you, as it would occation you less trouble – therefore after giving you this explenation I presume you will not consider yourselves entitled to a Coms in the Howland’s frt – you mention it as being only half a Coms, but it is considered by us that 2 ½ Pct is a full Coms on frt – as in no instance that I know of have we had to pay more, either at Charleston or Savannah & to the Northward of Charleston it is not the practice in any case to charge more altho’ I know you do as well as in Charleston consider 5 Pct your Customary Coms

I am &

 

To Cap Elijah Kempton                                                2 mo 11 1812

 

                                    I learn by a letter recd this evening from Richard Blow that he had procured a frt for the Ann Alexander to Liverpool & the Ship to be addressed to William Brown & Co - I wish every exertion made to render this Voyage as possible & that thee will have every part of the Ship fill’d with Staves where other Cargo cannot be stowed - If thee needs any assistance or advice at Liverpool thee will call on Cropper Benson &Co to whom I shall write respecting the Ship – as it is not likely that any Cargo can be brought home from Liverpool thy stay there may be very short as a Cargo of Tobacco is soon discharged  I wish the of the frt out to be placed to my Credit with Cropper Benson & Co

I am &

33

To Richard Blow                                              2 mo 11 1812

 

                                                Thy favr of the 31st of last month I have this evening recd by which I find that a frt of Tobacco had been procured for the Ann Alexander to Liverpool, & that dispatch was expected which is very satisfactory -  I wish the last Check for $1000 forwarded there, to be sent to Post &Minturn New York to my Ct with them & what further Balance may be in the Ships favr thee may remit to my Credit with them likewise - I wish thee to direct Cap Elijah Kempton to have every part of the Ship fil’d with staves where no Cargo can be taken - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            2 mo 12 1812

 

                                                Since writing you on the 21st of last month I am favoured with your esteemed favours of the 11 mo 16 – 12 mo 4 & 24th -  I now have to advise you that entirely contrary to my expectation the Ann Alexander has taken  [?] of Tobacco & Flour at Norfolk for Liverpool, after having been about half loaded with Staves for my Acct agreeable to my letter to you of 12 mo 25 – my friend at Norfolk was at liberty to take frt or load the Ship with Staves & Naval Store as might appear best, but after waiting some time for frt without obtaining any he concluded to load her but & after geting her about half full this frt offered & Staves becoming scarce he concluded to land the Staves & take in the Cargo on frt of which circumstance you will please inform Lacky & Mark & likewise much against my wish he has pledged the Ship shall be address’d to the House in Liverpool to whom the Cargo goes -  I have dircted Cap Kempton to have the balance ^of^ of the Ships Acct with William Brown & Co placed to my Ct with you & If he should need any Assistance or counsel from you, I shall be much obliged by your granting it to him -  I much disapprove sending the Ships

34

to the address of other Houses for ^thy^ knowledge of a frt – will you have the goodness to request of Hugh Milligen the Copy of the George & Susan Accts as well of the Staves ↑as of sales of the↓ - with him in 4th Month last year as well as a copy of the Sales of the Staves, on which a short charge of duty was made - & forward them to me by the George & Susan should she be returning at the time of receiving them - Capt Kempton of the Ann Alexander will be directed to proceed (under certain circumstances) to Archangel, should he go to Archangel, I shall be much obliged by your giving Samuel Hazard liberty to draw on you for money you have for my Acct in your hands including the balances due the George & Susan & the Ann Alexander should the balance due the latter not be transfered to my Acct with you yet I shall be much obliged by your having it so arranged has to give liberty for it to be drawn for as desired – please mention the S [?Hou] the prices of Russian Goods with the prospect of Sale for them he is at liberty to send the Ship to England if it should appear best- 

I am &

 

To William Brown & Co Liverpool                               2 mo 14 1812

 

                                    I am advised by my frnd Richard Blow at Norfolk that he had accepted a frt of Tobacco & Flour for the ship Ann Alexander Cap Kempton on condition that the Ship should be address’d to your House – the Ship will have a quantity of Staves in, on Owners Acct, which you will make sale of for her Acct & what balance may be due the Ship I wish placed to my Ct with Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool – as I am a providing funds in their hands to procure a Cargo at Archangel for the Ann Alexander I shall be much obliged by your having the Transfer made as early as may be consistent, or so arranged as to be valued upon from Archangel – from the Character I have of your House I have no doubt but the Ship will meet with every dispatch & every thing being done to promote the Interest of her Owners –

I am &

35

To Arnold Welles Esq                                                  2 mo 14 1812

 

                                    Inclosed I hand thee our Cashiers Check on the Merchants Bank New York for $601 which hope will answer for the payment of thy premium Note on the George & Susan for that Sum I have not been able to procure any drfts on Boston & if this Check will not answer thy purpose please to return it & I will make other provisions -I have made payments in Boston with similar checks. I likewise inclose a Check for this same Amot to take up my Note at the New England Office & beg the favour of thy handing it to P. C. Brooks- 

I am &

 

To Cap Elijah  Kempton                                               2 mo 14 1812

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 11th Inst to meet thee at Norfolk since which I have concluded their will not be time to return to American & then go to Archangel – therefore I wish thee thee to proceed from Liverpool to Archangel & then apply to Samuel Hazard American Counsel who will furnish thee with a Cargo for England or America & thee will govern thyself according to his directions – thee will have the Ship in order to receive a Cargo of Russia Goods mast Coats etc must be good to prevent damage – thee will be able to procure information at Liverpool respecting the navigation as well as the Customs etc of Archangel – as no doubt there are many Vessells that follow that trade from Liverpool -  Should the Howland not arrive safe at Woolwich thee may return to America from Liverpool without any delay & not proceed to Archangel, but if she should arrive safe, the will then proceed for Archangel – remembering to make all dispatch & use all economy that is possible – any advice thee may want thee will ask it freely at Cropper Benson & Co – thee will get a letter of Credit for the balance of the Ann Alexander frt out, before thee sails for Archangel from Cropper Benson & Co or William Brown &Co thee will return to New Bedford from Archangel should thee have no frt for any other port - 

I am &

36

To Samuel Hazard                                                        2 mo 22 1812

 

                                                 I have already writen thee under date of 1 mo 1 & 1 mo 21 1812 the former of which I wish thee to be governed so far as to act thy judgment, with respect to sending the Ship to England or America, & in which thee will be governed by the Amot of Funds provided – thee will procure such articles for the Cargo of the Ann Alexander as will appear best calculated to pay a proffit-   I have the Ship Insured to return to England or United States - If any frt should offer for the Ship such as thee would think prefferable to loading her, thee is at liberty to act thy judgment in this case likewise-   

I am &

 

To Elijah Kempton                                           3 mo 21 1812

 

                                    Thy letter of the [?6th] of Cape Henry I recd & notice the Ann Alexander leaking a considerable, but that is nothing new for her, she has always leaked some, I expect it is principally owing to worm holes in her bottom & is not likely it will increase much - If thee should find that she leaketh so much as not to be safe to go to Archangel thee may take her into Dock & have the worm holes stop’d up & the Ship [?graved], which will be sufficience for her to go to Archangel, she will not want Caulking as it is not long since she was thoroughly Caulked in her Bottom, I intend sheathing her when she returns -  If her leak is not much it will not be worthwhile to pay any attention to it but use every dispatch in geting to Archangel -  If the ship Should return to England from Archangel it will be necessary to have a license

37

for the Cargo & I do not know how this can be procured as it will be very uncertain what Cargo the Ship may take – Samuel Hazard is left at liberty to purchase such as Cargo as he may think best & I believe that all licenses do express what articles may be imported, should this be the case, I wish thee to advise with Cropper Benson & Co on the subject, a license may be procured to meet thee on thy arrival from Archangel by giving information what the Cargo will consist of-  If the George& Susan should arrive safe at Liverpool I believe it will be best for thee to proceed to Archangel even should the Howland not arrive safe- The enclosed letter thee will deliver thyself to Samuel Hazard -  I shall expect every exertion throught this Voyage as well as economy – thee will be very careful to proceed regularly should any accident befall thee, that recoveries may be had of the Underwriters – thy Voyage to Archangel will be a respossible one & hope thy care will be proportionable increased – should thee return to America from Archangel thee will receive instructions from the Vineyard Pilot Boats where to take the Ship –

I am &

 

To Samuel Hazard                                                                    3 mo 21 1812

 

                                    I have now the pleasure to acknowledge the recipt of thy letter of the 6th Decr last – advising of having remitted to my Cr with Cropper Benson& Co in a bill of Exchange for £353.12.6 which they have acknowledged to me of having recd  - I am much disappointed to find that Hemp had fallen so much, as likewise Tallow The Ann Alexander has been detained in America much longer than was expected owing to a very severe winter which prevented produce being brought to market – she sail’d from Norfolk on the 6th Inst for Liverpool, from which place she will proceed for Archangel direct - I wish thee to be governed entirely by thy own judgment what Cargo to furnish the ship with - If my friends as stated at foot should any of them fail of being in season to dispatch the Ship with a Cargo at Archangel, & with such a one as would be best calculated for a proffit, & thee felt a willingness to make

38

up a full Cargo for her thee may rely that sufficienct funds shall be placed to thy Order immediately on recg the information, to meet the balance - I have not as yet realized $2000 out of the George & Susan Cargo but Hemp becoming more demanded at $250 on a Credit - I shall direct my friends at NewYork to purchase a bill for £1000 & have it placed to my Cr with Cropper Benson &Co or Effingham Laurence & Son & subject to thy Order - Exchange is nowdown to 20 & 25 pCt direct on England - I had rather the Ann Alexander return’d to America direct from Archangel, provided the prospects was equally as good – the Ship will stow about 80 Tons Hemp with 50 Tons Tallow - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                3 mo 21 1812

 

                                    Your esteemed fav of 1 m 29 advisg of having red from Samuel Hazard a bill for £353.12.6 has be recd & this Amt placed to your debit - I shall be much obliged by you advising Cap Kenpton of the Ann Alexander (should she proceed from Liverpool for Archangel) what will be necessary respecting a license – it would be uncertain what Cargo the ship may take as it is left with Samuel Hazard to furnish such a one as he may think proper, this I apprehend may make some difficulty respecting license, which did not occur to me at the time of giving the liberty to Samuel Hazard, therefore I shall be much obliged by your stating to Cap Kempton what will be necessary should he return to England - If you should rec any letters for Cap Kempton I shall be much obliged by your forwardg them to him – should you rec any remittence from Post &Minturn you will please give Samuel Hazard liberty to draw for the same for my Cr-

I am &

39

Post & Minturn                                     3 mo 29 1812

 

                        Yours of the 19th & 24 Inst I have recd by the latter I received Sales of the two parcels of Hemp the Amot as stated $3267.83 – is it your custom to charge your Coms on Goods sold on a Credit, as Cash - I shall be glad to send you more Hemp when it will sell for near $200 – as my Hemp if of a superior quality – the Cordage is stil on hand. I should be glad to dispose of it - I shall be glad for you to purchase me a good bill for £600 to £800 Stg provided you can get one on a Credit of 3 months or upwards & forward it to my Credit with Cropper Benson & Co – a bill on them would be prefer’d or should you purchase one on Effingham Laurence & Son you may forward it to my Credit with them - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                3 mo 29 1812

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you Stephen [?Mercheat] bill of Exchange on Thomas Millett JJ Evans & Co London for £203.4.10 Stg which I shall be obliged by your recg & place the amount when recd to my Cred & subject to Samuel Hazard [?] for Acct the Ann Alexander Cargo - 

I am &

 

To Cory Taber                                     4 mo 1812

 

                                    Thy favour of the 17th of Decr & 10th of March I have recd & by the latter I observe the prospects are small for the sale of the Cargo -  I wish very much it should be sold before thee should leave Savannah if it is ever at $11 – or if it shcould be chang’d for Rice, Cotton etc on better terms than to sell for Cash. I should wish it done - I very much wish for you to work it of – if possable before you return - 

I am &

40

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             4 mo 10 1812

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of 1 mo 13, 2 mo 10 & 21 & 3 mo 7 are duly recd & by the former I recd your A/C balanced by £518.12.6 to New Acct as Cash 12 mo 21 1811 – which is correct, excepting Crediting my acct with £1500 instead of £1140 from James & John Howland – you will of course charge my acct with £360 & Ct them with the same & Interest from 10 m 31 & oblige –

I am &

 

To R Richardson & Co                                     4 mo 11 1812

 

                                    I have this eveing recd you favr of the 25th Ulto covering the George & Susans Accts all of which appear correct & the bill on Hicks Jenkins & Co New York for $510.70 – which when paid is in full balance of acct -  I have this evening recd a letter from Cap Jacob Almy of the George & Susan dated Liverpool the 18th of last Mo stating he should sail in two or three days -  I shall expect him in a few Days – I did expect to have sent him next to Savannah for another load of Cotton – but the Embargo has arrived here this day & of course will prevent it – unless you should think a frt might be obtained & for the Ship to load & return here to wait the repeal of that unpleasant law, in which case I would send her, & the Howland likewise as I momently expect her - 

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                              4 mo 12 1812

 

                                    Thy fav of the 30^ Ulto^ I have recd & note its contents – by thy letter of Feby 1 which I give thee a copy of – thee will se wheather I had not a wright to expect thee intended to return any Check wheather endorsed or not endorsed & by the same letter of the 30th Ulto thee says thee recd the thousand Dollars & immediately made use of it in the purchase of

41

Naval Stores for the Ann Alexander as soon as the recd it. ↑I expect thee [?2 m 4 ] was↓at the time thee must have recd my letter of the 23rd of 1 Month ^say Feb 4^in which was enclosed the indorsed Check for $1000 – thee had not^[?] time^ by the ^dates of the^Ann Alexander acct render’d expended but about $200 out of the $2000 draw from Post & Minturn & including the Cost of 80 m Staves the whole sum could not exceed $700 or $800 – which would leave a surplus of $1200 or $1300 in thy hands at the time of recg the last Check & unapperpropriated – which yould make it appear it was^not^ necessary to retain the $1000 – but further if 2 mo 4 was the time which thee did receive the check – the Ann Alexander was ingauged in a frt to Liverpool & of course did not need any Naval Stores purchased – by thy letter of 1 mo 31 I am advised thee had engauged a frt for the Ann Alexander for Liverpool in which thee observes “Yesterday Cap Kempton began to take out his Staves & land them”, by this it will appear that the Ship was engauged as early as the 30th of Jany or Capt Kempton would not be discharging her Staves, thee then say in the same letter – “I shall dispose of the Staves I have purchased for the Ship except what she will take & render you account thereof” – in all this nothing is said of Naval Stores – thy letter of Feby 1 is thus “I wrote you yesterday that I had taken a frt for the Ann Alexander of Tobacco for Liverpool direct, since I have recd yours of the 21st Ulto covering Check on the Merchants Bank at New York for $1000 this Check you omitted endorsing, as it is made payable to Order if I had wanted to made sure of it ^”mark the [?]”^ it must have been returned to you to have been endorsed before it would have been paid – but having procured a frt I return the Check to you, inclosed, & shall do the same if you send any more – yours &” there is nothing in this letter that says any thin “if any other of the like come on I shall

42

return them also” ^as observed in thine of the 30th March^ -thee then again wrote me on the 4th Feby & say “Craving reference to my Last of the 1st Current I have now to acknowledge receipt of your of the 19th Ulto – how that of the 21st inclosing the Check got here before the letter I cant account, as they both have your Post Office mark on them on the 19th & the other 21st ” –still nothing said of my letter of the 23rd of 1 Month in which the Check endorsed for $1000 & as thee says was immediately laid out in Naval Stores for the Ann Alexander – this cant be so it appears to me ^it cant be so^ as it will appear that on the 30th of Jany ^the Ship^ was engauged in a frt & that my letter Covering the Check did not leave this place until 24th of Jany which left only 6 days for the letter to reach thee – which it could not do & by thy own letters thee did not return the Check which was not indorsed until the 1st of Feby & the other left here two days later which thee will see by the Post Office mark ^on the letter^ - thee may rely it is very unpleasant to me to write what I have, but this much I must say that I concurr my money has been impperly detained ^I hope^ & that  no further day delay will attend it, at least the $1000 - In all the circumstances which I have stated, I will appeal to thy own mind wheather I have not reason to complain -

 

To Richard Blow                                              5 mo 10 1812

 

                                    Thy fav of the 14th ^Ulto^ I duly recd covg a Drf on J Tripp for $60 which has been recd – I am sorry thee should send me this money when I had wished it placed with Post & Minturn – thee mentions when I in this letter that thee had previously to receivg the endorsed Check purchased 500 bls Naval Stores for the Ship at 3 $ per bl – is it any was likely thee would have written me as the did on 31st of Jany -  If there had been any Naval Stores pur-

43

chased for the Ann Alexander – for in that letter thee says as soon the Staves were sold (which I think could not exceed 10 m) thee would forward her acct – why not say in that there was then on hand 500 bls Naval Stores & as soon as they could be sold with the Staves the accts would be forwarded, not wate until an Embargo should take place before thee gives advise of it - I did expect before this to have recd an answer to my letter to thee of the 12th of last Mo but I have not as yet recd any -  All I can say on the subject is, if thee did not purchase any Naval Stores for the Ann Alexander thy letters have been very improperly written - & I know it will be much to thy Interest to strike them out of the Acct – hope soon to hear from thee- 

I am &

 

To R Richardson & Co                         6 mo 7 1812

 

                                    The George & Susan Capt Almy saild from this place for Savannah on the 29th last Month & no doubt will have arrived with you before the receipt of this -  We are at present under much apprehension that our Government in their mad [?cares] will make war with England - Althoh I can’t make up my mind that this will be the case yet I think it will be well to have it in view, in any engaugments you may make for the George & Susan you will be able to judge what course the Government will take by the receipt of this, & if it should appear that they intended to retreat from War by the renewal of the Embargo & such a renewal should not take place until the middle of this Mo or later – there is no doubt but the Ship might reach be able to reach Eastport in time to Clear for Europe before the Em-

44

bargo should reach there – as it was near a month before the last reached that place & another one would be longer – I shall however after hinting these things to you, fully confide in you Judgment & that all will be done that can be done to promote the Interest of the Ship –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             6 mo 27 1812

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 16th of last Month I last evening recd & am very glad to find you would be able to procure a license for the Ann Alexander for we are now placed in a very unhappy situation – our Government has declared War against yours – an event which but few look’d for - I shall be under much fear for the safety of the Ship until I find she is to return to England with a license - Should she arrive safe in England you will have the goodness to detain her in England until you hear further from me, as it is some expected that goods of certain description will be allowed to be imported from England into the United States – in the event of which I should like to avail myself of the opportunity of importing a Cargo in the Ship should it prove to be practicable - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             7 mo 27 1812

 

                        I wrote you on the 27th Ulto – since which Congress has ren done their tedious [?Lession] & have not admitted the importations for England as was ^expected^ at the date of my last Letter to you - I have your exteemed favours of the 17th, 21st, 23rd, 25th of 3rd Month 4th, 11, 29th of 4th Month & 30th of 5 Month to acknowledge the receipt of & fully note their contents – by the

45

latter & by Cap Kempton letter of the 31st I find the Ann Alexander had procured a License & hope she will return to England with her Cargo provided her License will protect her of which I dont expect there is any doubt – should the Ann Alexander return in Safety to England & you can procure any bussiness for a Licence for her to take a load of American produce from this county to a port in Spain Portugal or [blotted out] I should be glad for you to do it if anything of this king should ^be^ done – it will be necessary it should be very private as a very heavy penalty will be inflicted by our Government should the fact be proved – I would regqest the propriety of the business being sent under cover to me ^under special care^ not even give the Cap any internations of it – unless it should should be necessary to protect him home - You are fully at liberty to actt & do with the Ann Alexander as it will best appear for my Interest in all cases either in returning to American to employing her in Europe - I shall direct Capt Kempton to be governed by your instructions & as he has a family in Liverpool it will be more necessary that he should be governed more immediately by you & if he should not conduct himself with strict propriety you have my full liberty to discharge him & ship some other good Master - I have a very good opinion of his present Mate Samuel Kempton & think he would do well for a Master provided a change should be found necessary - I mention these

46

things that you may in any event be prepared to act if necessary, altho’ I have no expectation it will be necessary - Capt Elijah Kemptons terms for his Services are $30 per Month 2 pCt priviledge & [?1 pCt] Primage excepting on owners goods, on which he has no primage -  I have two Ships now lying at this place which I should like to employ under a license provided I could obtain them the George & Susan & Howland - If you can send them I should like it. Capt Crocker will be able to give you any information or explanation respecting my views in the present communication - 

I am &

 

Capt Elijah Kempton                            7 mo 27 1812

 

                                    I have writen Cropper Benson & Co giving them my views respecting the future destination or employment of the Ann Alexander & shall expect for thee to be governed entirely by their instructions & shall expect every attention to my business on thy part on every thing that interest the Ships business – particularly her expenses – thee will write me often & proceed carefully & regularly in all thy business – as it is now much more necessary on acct of the situation of this Country & England  - 

I am &

 

To Joseph Rotch                                  7 mo 27 1812

 

                        I have put onboard the Packet Emily Capt N Ten bales containing 50 ps Ravens Duck of a very superior quality which he will reship at New York via Philadelphia to thy address as per inclosed bill lading which Cap N will have [?orgn’d] & forwarded thee by Mail from that place -

47

I ship this small parcel of Duck with an expectation of its commanding $20 per piece – if the prospect should be in favour of holding on a little longer for a better price I should recommend it – should thee not sell for Cash - I should prefer a short Ct, as the times are difficult & I shall rest easy that thee will be careful to sell to good & responsible men - 

I am &

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son                          7 mo 28 1812

 

                        Your several exteemed favours of 8th, 14th, & 26th of Feby 23rd & 26th March & 10th April & 2nd May have been duly recd & fully note their Contents – the latter enclosing the Howlands A/C balance transfered to my acct say £1697.0.5 – Sixteen hundred & Ninity Seven Pounds & five pence – which appears correct – you have in this [?got] the unwelcome account of our decleration of War against Great Britain – which is unaccountable to us – the event of which is beyond the reach of human foresight. I feel very anctious to hear from your side the water - 

I am &

 

To William Robertson                           8 mo 10 1812

 

                                    Thy esteemed favour of the 13th Ulto covering a statement of the George & Susan & my acct with the Estate of Robert Pollok I duly recd – by which it appears that a balance of $329.57 is due from me to the Estate - I am very sorry to find by thy letter that the Importers & Consignees refuse paying the average on these Goods imported in the George & Susan on the plea that all did not sign the average bond – which appears to me to be very futile & without reason – for it appears to me that if only one regn’d the bond, that one was holden to pay what Amot of Average might be asses’d on his property – should this

48

not be the case & Robert Pollok was deficient in his duty to have all to sign the Bond – I fully conceive his Estate must be holden for any deficiencies as it is certain I have a claim some where for the Average, & if by Robert Polloks neglect I loose my clame on the freight in by the Ship, it follows of course that my clame rests on him or his Estate - I  am am very unwilling to make or give any unnecessary trouble in this business but would propose - if nothing could be done with the importers, that you give up the above balance against me & let the business stand settled  -. 

I am &

 

To Arnold Welles Esqr

            & P C. Brooks Esqr                             8 mo 22 1812

 

                                    Please say what you would take a Risk on the Cargo on the Ann Alexander for – from Archangel to a port in England or the United States – warranted to have a British Licence -  I have no doubt but she will return to England – from whence she sail’d on the 10th of June for Archangel -  I am not positive that the License extends or gives her liberty to return to the United States from Archangel direct – therefore – in case it does not & she should be captured by the British on her passage from Archangel to the UnitedStates – I will relinquish any clame for a loss & for you to relinquish your clame for any premium - as I am not willing to be liable to pay a premium & loose my property too –

I am &

 

To William Brown & Co                                   11 mo 17 1812

 

                        Your several esteemed favours of April 22 June 4 & July 11 1812 have been duly recd – the two

49

latter covering the Ann Alexanders A/Sales, Disburst & A/C balanced by paying over to Cropper Benson & Co £1306.7.1 which sum they have advised me of having recd from you – for your promptness in paying this balance over to them agreeable to my wishes please accept my thanks – the Accts of the Ann Alexander all appear correct excepting an error of One Pound in the addition of the Sales of the Staves – should you find this error to exist you will please pay it over to Cropper Benson &Co likewise – the transaction of the business of the Ann Alexander is perfectly to my satisfaction - 

I am &

 

To Effingham Laurance & Son                          11 mo 17 1812

 

                        Your several esteemed favours of June 11 & 24 July 1 & 12 1812 have been duly recd – the latter advising of having accepted Samuel Hazards Drfts for £1500 which is entered to your Credit -  Your W E Laurence Circular of the 30th June has been recd advising of having taken his brother E B Laurence into partnership with him & that the business in future would be conducted under the firm of W E & E B Laurence this change in your firm will not lessen my great confidence I have had in your House –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Laurence                                  11 mo 17. 1812

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of July 1st & 31 & August 4 & 24 1812 has been duly recd – the former covering my A/C with Effinham Laurence & Son balanced by a balance of £216.1[?5].7 Transfer’d to my Ct with you – the bale appears correct & is entered to your debit accordingly -  I am anctiouly expecting an accommodattion between our two countries as it appears that the subject of impressment is all that prevents it – had you have forwarded

50

the Linens contemplated it would have been an advantage at the time – as they would have sold pretty well - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 11 mo 17 1812

 

                        Your several esteemed favours of 6 mo 6 & 11 – 7 mo 17 – 8 mo 15, 21 & 25 & 9 mo 10 1812 have been duly recd – the first conveyance covering a number of bills from Hugh McViker against ShipGeorge & Susan – it was Hugh McVickers own private acct with the Ship or Cap Wood together with the A/Sales of the Staves which he had short chang’d & the extra duties upon that I wished to receive from him – the Acct of Disburst of the Ann Alexander say £358.10.2 & Invoice of Salt say £164.5 appear correct & is entered to you Cr accordingly

            I flatter myself from the attention you had paid to the business of the Ann Alexander she would have made a very handsome Voyage by the time she should reach the United States – all of which seams to be frustrated by the information given in your letter of 9 mo 10 - I shall hope you will be able to do something with her, should she be clear’d at Devonshire -

            How Samuel Hazard will proceed with her business now I can’t say – but hope he will act prudently & for my Interests. I anctiously wate the next arrivals by which I expect to know what can be done with the Ship -  You will have the goodness to forward me the Copys of the Ann Alexander bill of expenses at Liverpool when the Ship returns -  You will please direct the Ann Alexander business in such a way as in your opinion will best promote the Interest of her owners - 

I am &

51

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                                     12 mo 20 1812

 

                        Since writing the foregoing I have your esteemed favours of the 5th & 21 of 10 mo & am most pleased to find you had eventually procured a Licence for the Ann Alexander & that she was cleared & would proceed return to Ireland from Devonshire - I very much regret she should not have proceeded to Archangel as late as it then was & expect she cannot now go - I leave her entirely under your directions to do with her as you may think most advisable – not hazarding any thing that would be treasonable - I don’t think it would be safe to return to the United States with a Cargo, but should it so be, on the receipt of this that she was loaded for the United States – you will direct her to this place - 

I am &

 

To John Wood Jr                                                          12 mo 30 1812

 

                        As Master of the Ship George & Susan I request thee will proceed with all possible dispatch for Hampton Roads (agreeable to Charter Party a copy of which I herewith hand thee for thy government) where thee will receive advise from Cornthwait & Carey at Baltimore advising thee wheather they can furnish a Cargo of Flour agreeable to D R & Sons directions if they cannot furnish it – thee will then proceed immediately for Savannah where on application to R Richardson & Co thee will be furnished with a full Cargo of Rice for Lisbon which thou will receive & load the ship with all possible dispatch & proceed on the intended Voyage

52

on thy arrival at Lisbon, thee should the should find the British Govr should allow thy returning with a Cargo of Salt, I wish thee to do it, I have understood that their was an Order in Council to that effect – advising all Vessells to return with Salt that had taken a

Cargo of provissions to Cadiz or Lisbon – however should thee find this is not the case, I wish thee not to attempt it - I find by the papers that a Brig from Boston bound to North Carolina has been burnt by one of his British Majestys Officers – as is said with a license - I cant think this is the case -  She could not have a License or she must have had a Cargo in -  Knowing as I do the great liberality as well as the general Knowledge of the British Officers generally, I cant think or Allow for a moment they would intercept any ship in Balast bound to a Southern Port for a Cargo of Provisions for either Cadiz or Lisbon – as this is a trade Licensed by their Government & they know as well as we do ourselves, that the Shipping of the United States is owned in the Northn Section & the provisions is grown in the Southn Section – therefore the Vessells must proceed to the Southward in order to be able to get their Cargoes, & I have no doubt that this will be treated friendly by any British Ship thee may fall in with on thy passage to the southward – the British consul in Boston has given his desided  opinion

53

that Vessells would be protected on their passage to the Southward as well as on the passage to either Cadiz or Lisbon – under all these circumstances I place every confidence in our liberal enemy, not an enemy by their choice, but by our own government -  Thy remittances from Lisbon will be to Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool & to my Ct with them. If thee should be allowed to bring out the Amot of thy frt thee can do it if thee should think it best -   

I am &

 

To John Wood Jr                                                          1 mo 17 1813

 

                        By advices from Cornthwait & Carey I find they have engauged afrt for the Ship to Cadiz which will enable thee to make great dispatch, it appears that the frt is to be paid in Spain which will enable thee to purchase bills at Cadiz on England at as much below par as what exchange is with us, therefore their will be little or no loss by remitting, which I wish thee to do, to Cropper Benson & Co -  I have requested Cornthwait & Carey to give thee the name of some good house at Cadiz to assist thee in they business should thee find it necessary -  thee is fully sensible of the necessity of making every dispatch possible & as well as every saving that can be made, put no expence on the Ship – thee will have to exchange thy Licence for a Cadiz one, in New York the Lisbon Licences are worth about $100 the most. G S Hathaway has arrived here since thee left us, from Cadiz he says there has been only one Baltimore Brig taken by the Algerians & that she was not taken by the Spaniards & he says the Spaniards are at War with them & that they are out croosing for the Algerians & it is now thought that there is as little Risk to Cadiz at Lisbon

54

on this acct - I hope thee will have every part of the Ship fill’d & to the best advantage-   I am a little apprehensive that Baltimore harbour will be frozen up – thee will be very carefull that License is not seen by any of our crewmen & that thee a will suffer thy Vessell to be [?ma]- [?nd] to be sent in before the license be seen – that thee may not be deceived by whom thee is boarded -  I can’t but again impress the necessity of exertion & prudence, to terminate this Voyage in as little time & little expense as prossible – have thy Licence endorsed before sailing & have all unnecessary papers put out of the way -

I am &

 

To William Robertson                           2 mo 9 1813

 

                        Thy esteemed favours of the 27 & 28 Ulto I have this evening recd – the contents has been very surprising to me -   Capt Wood sail’d from this on the 10th Jay for Hampton Roads where he was directed he would receive letters from Cornthwait & Carey of Baltimore directing him wheather they could give the Ship a frt as they had stated to me they could – if they could not do anything for the Ship at Baltimore – my directions to Capt Wood was (in this case) to proceed himself to Richmond & Petersburg & endeavour

to engauge a frt for her – but to my great astonishment I find that the very day after Capt Wood arrived at the Roads he proceeds up the River to endeavour to engauge the Ship – without having heard from Cornthwait & Carey, as they had directed their letters to Capt Wood at Norfolk instead of Hampton as they were requested – thus thee will see how the

55

mischief has happened in the first place by Cornthwait & Carey not following their directions & in the second place by Capt Wood’s attempting to engauge the Ship before he had recd any advises from Baltimore - Capt Wood was made acquainted with my expectations of the Ships being engauged at Baltimore as I had given this liberty to Cornthwait & Carey so to do – which engaugment was made by them on the [?] Jany Capt

Wood attempting to engauge a frt for the Ship before he had recd any advices from Baltimore was without any authority from the Owners as thee will readily see by this statement of [?ts] – the situation Capt Wood has placed thee in I very much regret, & am ready as far as the business can be condered holden to indemnify thee -  I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             2 mo 12 1813

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 30th of 11th  Month last I duly recd - I anctiously expect by next arrivals to hear of the Ann Alexander reaching Ireland - I wish that she would return with a Cargo of Salt & some goods - I very much wish you may be able to procure a License for her to return to Cadiz or Lisbon with provisions – should

any more licenses be granted by your Government for American Vessells - I wish you to furnish & procure for me three – one for the ship Howland, George & Susan & the Ann Alexander – the former of

360 Tons George & Susan 207 & the Ann Alexander  211 – the George & Susan  Capt           Wood is now about ready to sail from Baltimore to Cadiz with a Cargo of Flour  - Capt Wood is directed to remit the balance of her frt out to my Ct with you, which you will please receive & advise of the same – please advise Capt Wood at Cadiz

56

what he can do to render the Ship safe from capture on his return home should his License expire before his arrival in America – the George & Susan is detain’d at Baltimore in consequence of the blockade – when she will be at liberty to proceed on her Voyage I can’t say – but am in hopes that some good understanding will soon take place between our two Governments – the doings of the present Congress will no doubt go out by the present conveyance as I understand she is detained on that acct -  I would now like for the Ann Alexander to return either to this place or New York as it is most convenient -   

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                               2 mo 22 1813

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 23rd Inst I last evening recd & fully consider its contents – my wish was (touching the importations) for you to give Cropper Benson & Co a full acct of all the advantages as well as the difficulties attending the importations from England in Ships that may be returning from that countray – that they may be better enabled to judge the propriety of loading the Ann Alexander on the Owners Acct – as I have some time since requested they would conduct with the Ann Alexander as they may think most proper & it would be satisfactory to me as I dare not order positively any goods home in her as it might appear against me & prove greatly to my disadvantage in the business – but I wanted them if they did load or partly load with a cargo on our Acct it might be done without my orders & that it should appears so in the Shipment by Cropper Benson & Co – these are the Ideas that I wish communicated to them & ^so^ communicated

57

still for them to act their Judgment – only should they decide on returning the Ship with Cargo these precautions may be used -  I wish the Ship to return to New Bedford or New York as they may find best – or if you should find ^anything^ by the doings of Congress that would render any other plan preferable you will please state it to them -  I should them not  to excede £3000 in a Cargo on owners acct unless it should be already purchased on the receipt of your letter I do wish the Ship may come with a full Cargo of fine Salt with

1 or 2000 £ Stg in such goods as will afford the highest proffit -  I shall be much obliged for you to give the substance of this communication to Cropper Benson & Co – not as directed by me, but as betwen you & me – that it may not be construced into a circuitous order from me to Cropper Benson &Co – should it fall into the hands of the Government – you will see I wish to act prudently & that no act of mine may in any degree opperate against the business – you will please give Cropper Benson &Co a full act of the importing business not as touching the Ann Alexander but on general terms -   I observed sometime since an arrival at New York from Devonshire will you have the goodness to inquire wheather they can give any acct of the Ann Alexander at that place -  It is expected the Ann Alexander will return from Devonshire to Dublin – should a good frt offer at that place for the States I dont know but it would be best the most prudent to accept it – please forward the inclosed letter by the Pacific –

I am &

58

To John Wood Jr                                                         2 mo 28 1813

 

                                    I last evening recd thy letter of the 20th Inst by which I find you are stil aloading the Ship, this was different from what I expected by thy last letter – however I think it is much the best to load the Ship & be ready for the first favourable opportunity to proceed on the Voyage – but by no means attempt to evade the blockagde as that would render the Ship & Cargo liable to condemnation should thee be taken on thy passage out – had Warren still been at the Capes himself I should recommend thy going down with the Ship & with a full expontion of facts respecting this Voyage - I am inclined to think he would not stop her – but at present I have no faith - I hope thou will load the Ship with thy own crew as there is no doubt but you will have more time to do it than you would wish – you will have plenty of time & I hope you will have the Ship well stowed – thee will remember the Cargo must be answerable for all expenses & something more should the Voyage be broken up at Baltimore & the Owners should wish the Cargo landed – would it not be best to take the Ship to some snug mornings near Baltimore (If such a place can be had) to prevent many expenses that would occur if you continued at the Wharf -  I mention these circumstances that you may think of them & then do for the best – It appears now that the Chesapeake & Delaware are formmally blockaded by a proclamation from the Prince Regent himself – which I think will not be raised until some

59

accommodation takes place between the two governments which I hope is not far distant – please mention to Cornthwait & Carey that the blockade of the Delaware will prevent sending the Howland as proposed to them in my last - 

I am &

 

To Cornthwait & Carey                                                3 mo 11 1813

 

                        Above I hand you W [?Wing] Howlands Dft on T H Howland of Alexandria for 223. 23 which you will please rec & place to my Credit –

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                                           3 mo 24 1813

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 20th Inst covering your A/C I recd yesterday, & have this day examined the same & make a balance due you 12 m 31 1812 on my Books of 2561.88 – your A/C states the balance at 2750.18 – the particulars I state below – some of the errors are small, but an error is an error be it small or great - & if my statement is not correct I shall be much obliged by your stating it -  I am much obliged by your attention in the business of the Ann Alexander  

I am &

 

Your A/C states the balance due you                                        2750.18

Your have omitted Crdtg my Acct with                                      $175

$175 for return [?prinn] on the Ann Alexander which

sum was stated to have been recd by your

letter of 1 m 9 1812 – it will be proper to add the

Interest from that date   11 Mo 22 Days as                              11.97  

                                                                                                186.97

                                    Errors in Interest Acct

Interest chd on 7220.70 is         590.46

          aught to be                       591. 9         1.37

Ditto on             650      is            35.75

           aught to be                        35.64        0.11

Ditto on              200 

       for 4^mo^ 21 the last

                charge of Interest   is       6.39

             aught to be                        5.48        0.91

                                                                            2.39

Interest of Ct on 3273.75 is   43.30

           aught to be                  42.65   0.65

Ditto              on 2123.3 is     25.69

           aught to be                  25.18   0.41    1.  6        1.33          $188.30

        Balance due P&M 12 m 31 1812                                         $2561.88

 

                                                            George Howland

60

To William Macy, Jr. & H Barnard                                                       4 mo 10 1813

 

                                                Yours of the 22nd Ulto I duly recd with the enclosed accts  etc. – in reply I have to state the Acct is incorrect - for the particulars I refer you to my Acct forwarded some time since - 

I am &

 

To Post & Minturn                                                                   4 mo 19 1813

 

                                                Your favour of the 10th Inst I have recd with the Ann Alexander acct annex’d  - & stating the balance to be (by including said acct) due you of $2612.33 which is correct. I shall be obliged by your making the best of the Cordage & [?Bristles] as soon as you can & I very much.wish to close the concern of that Cargo -  I should expect they would sell as well now as at any time within a few months - 

I am &

 

To William Macy, Jr. & H Barnard                                           4 mo 19 1813

 

                                                Your favr of the 15th Inst I have this evening recd by the packet – you say “as to the general principle we conceive George Howland sufficiently qualified not to need any information on the subject, that all Allen Howland’s Ct goes to pay his debts” - I must confess that I am not “sufficiently qualified” to be enabled to see the propriety of settling according to your statement & therefore shall expect my acct with the Estate settled on the principle stated by me some time since - 

I am &

 

To Hazen Kimball                                                         4 mo 27 1813

 

                                    Thy favr of the 6th of Feby I duly recd I was sorry to find the Cordage remained so unsallable.  I should be very glad to have the sale closd if it

61

could be done without making a great sacrifice – the proceeds may be remitted to me here or to my frds Post & Minturn NewYork -

I am &

 

To Joseph Rotch                                              5 mo 25 1813

 

                                                Thy two favr of the 12 & 14 Inst I duly recd with their contents – as well as the annex’d A/C balance of acct

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                        7 mo 3 1813

 

                                    Since writing you on the 12th of 2nd Mo I am in possession of your esteemed favours of 12 and 21 1812 1 mo 9 & 3 mo 12 1813 their contents fully noted -  I am disappointed to find by your last letter that you had made Insurance upon the ship, Cargo, & frt of the Ann Alexander, particularly so when I found the rate of commn is 11 pct – as in your letter of 1 mo 9 you mention you conceived the risk not worth more than the 1/3 of what was then asked, which was 15 [?] pCt – which fully accorded with my own opinion as to the Value of the risk -  I am stil further disappointed to find  it should have been done after the recipt of my letters of 11 mo 27 & 12 mo 20 1812 in which you could but observe that I knew the destination of the Ship -  Annex’d you have Certificate from the President of the Bedford M[?Marine] Insurance Company stating that their was $5600 Insurance effected on the Ann Alexander from Norfolk to Liverpool from thence to Archangel from thence back to a port in England or Ireland the United States & that as early as 11 mo 14 1812 I had liberty given on the same policy to return from Devonshire

62

to England or Ireland that the principles of the Policy was continued & as I considered after the Decleration of War that the Value of the Ship was much less than the Sum insured, I was compeled to let the Policy stand at the Amot Insured or give up the Policy althogether which I did not like to do as I should loose the Premium from Devonshire to Ireland – under these circumstances considerations I concluded to let the Policy stand & make no Insurance on the frt -  In the 12th Mo last I was in Boston & applyed to several of the Insurance Offices for their terms for Insurance on the Ann Alexander’s Cargo from Devonshire to Ireland they asked me the lowest was 7 ½ pCt – which I considered from 2 to 2 ½ pCt more than it was worth, I declined having it done & concluded to risk it myself – this you must readily see was my determination as I was in possession of the destination of the Ship as early as 11 mo 14 1812 as will appear ^by^ the annex’d Certificate & that I had made no Insurance when I recd your last letter about three weeks since – under all the circumstances attending this Insurance I cannot admit that you should charge any Insurance on the Ship & frt & neither had  I aught to admit it on Cargo unless it was done prior to the receipt of my letters of 11 mo 27 or 12 mo 20 1812 which letters one or booth went by the C Ray & must have arrived & bein recd as early as the forepart of 2nd Month last - I have no disposition to do any thing that is not fair honourable in the business & cannot conceive you will [?st] any other by the above conclusion - 

I am &    the following is the Certificate.

63

This is to certify that on the Seventeenth & 18th day of the 2nd No 1812 the Owner of the Ship Ann Alexander had 5600 insured on said Ship & app by the P & Direction of the Bedford M [?Marine]. Insurance Company on a Voyage at & from Norfolk to Liverpool & at & from thence back to her port of discharge in the United States with liberty to go from Liverpool to Archangel & at & from thence to her port of discharge with in England or the United States & on the 14th day of the 11th Mo same year as above having hear’d of the said Ship being at Devonshire we made an endorsement on the Policie giving liberty to take a Cargo from thence to England or Ireland withou prejudice to the insurance -

 

Bedford.M.Insurance. Company           Joseph Ricketson President Bedford.M. I. Cy

      New Bedford Jan 3 1813

 

To Joseph P Barney                                         8 mo 31 1813

      Albany

                                                Thy favour of the 24th Inst I this evening recd with the Certificate -  I now return the same with Joseph Howlands name on the Back to enable thee to have the Shares transfer’d to me -  I likewise annex a Drft on Hicks Jenkins & Co of New York at 30 Days for One hundred & five Dollars of this date, which I have agreeable to thy kind offer made payable to thee, which will require thy endorsing it & by thy thus endorsing will of course be accepted by the Bank the may rest assured that thee will be entirely safe in endorsing my drft for the above sum – it would be accepted by Hicks Jenkins & Co was it 20 times that Amot thee will have the goodness to return me a Certificate for the Shares in my name - & for thy trouble in this business I shall be ready to make thee satisfaction – their be any difficulty

64

respecting the dividends now due say as stated $22.68 Jenkins can sign the dividend Book when he returns through Albany which will be soon - 

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                        9 mo 19 1813

            Norfolk

 

                                                Your esteemed favr of the 4th Inst to Wing Howland was handed me last evening & requested that I would reply to you -  I am much pleased to find the Sloop Butler has ultimately fallen into your hands you will perceive by the enclosed Bill of Sale that ¾ of the Butler belongs to me, she was transfered for the recovery of a Debt -  I had previous to Capt T leaving York River writen him several times to have the Vessell hall’d up & to leave her – but he thought proper to do otherwise -  If Capt T  is now or on the receipt of this at Norfolk I wish you to prosecute him for the earnings of the Sloop together with property he took with him from New York on Vessells Acct Amtg altogether I should expect to about $900 – but I believe him to be a bad man & have no expectation of recovering much if any thing from him unless by chance it can be done before he leaves Norfolk for if he should by chance have anything their he will spend it before he reaches this place, altho it is doubtful wheather he intends coming here -   I wish you to understand me I do not wish any thing done with T – unless you are convinced he has property with him which you may be able to get hold of by threatning him with the Law, he is a very ignorant man & one that aught not to be entrusted with any property or business -  I likewise inclose you a Copy of the Sloop Enrolment with a

65

certificate endorsed by our Collector which hope will be sufficient to inable you to procure her a Sett of papers -  I shall be obliged by your stating particularly what she is deficient on, as to Sails Riging etc. & what she would actually sell for. I will be accountable for all expenses that accrue on the Sloop including the $10 advanced Cap T - 

I am &

 

To Hazen Kimball                                             9 mo 21 1813

 

                                    Thy favour of the 10th Ulto enclosing or rather annexing A/Sales of 19 Coils Cordage & a Drft on T I E Motley of Boston for $392.27 has been duly recd – the Dfrt has been duly honoured – the A/Sales appears to be correct excepting the number of [?]s of Cordage which falls short 135 [?] from the Invoice, the deficiency of which is mostly in the large Coil of over 400 [?] – this Coil of itself falls short 81 [?] which I think must be a mistake -  I observe by the Sales the Cordage was sold at 60 Days from March 5th

I am &

 

To W E & E B Laurence                                  9 mo 21 1813

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of Oct. 20 & 31 Nov 21 1812 Jany 11, 15 & 18 Feby 9 – March 8 & 24 April 7 & 30 May 3 & 7 – have been duly recd & for the information which they communicate please accept my thanks – the letter of the 30th of April advising of having recd from Samuel Hazard a remittance of £2315.8.2 –  that you had placed three quarters of this Sum to my Credit say £1736.11.2 – which appears correct -  I have no advise from Samuel Hazard -  I have placed this sum to your debit – Hoping soon to see something that will give encouragement to expect speedy peace between our two Countries, the want of which must be very much to the Interest of boath -

I am &

66

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         9 mo 21 1813

 

                                                Since I wrote you 7 mo 3 I have recd your esteemed favours of 4 mo 13, 5 mo 4, 6, 13 & 28 & observe their Contents - I am very sorry to find Capt Kempton has not been so prudent as might have been, I hope you will forward all the bills (or Copys of them) against the Ship that  I may be enabled to judge more particularly respecting Capt Kempton’s expenses – a Cartel Brig from Dartmouth England arrived below this morning,   I am disappointed to find no information from the Ann Alexander by her -  I have no late acct from Ann Alexander than by your letter of 5 mo 28 -  I did expect to have seen her before this time,  I hope soon to hear from you on the subject of the Ship –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Laurence                                              11 mo 21 1813

 

                                    This is purposely to inform of my having this day drawn on you in favour of Jonah Bradlee for £500 Stg which when it appears you will please honour & the same to my acct - I am in hopes you will be able to effect some thing for the release of the George & Susan from the Blockage of the Chesapeake – the particulars of which I wrote you some time since – she was at Baltimore loaded with Flour for Cadiz under a [?Sidmouth] License & nearly ready to proceed down the bay when the Blockade took place, she did go down but was sent back by Adm Cockburn who indorsed her papers -  I think Vessells in her situation aught to be allowed to proceed their Voyages - 

I am &

67

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                                         11 mo 21 1813

 

                        Thy favr of the 19th I have recd  - I now inclose a Sett of Exchange for £500 Stg drawn on W E & E B Lawrence London at 30 days which hope thee may be able to sell at even better than the 13 ½ pCt discount – I should have sent thee a bill for £1000 had I not have expected exchange would be better – thee will please forward the inclosed letters to W E  & E B Lawrence ordering them which advises them of the bills-  

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                        11 mo 26 1813

 

                                                I have now to acknowledge the receipt of your esteemed favours of 7m 8 & 9 m 24 & 25 – by your former letters I expected the Ann Alexander would have been here along time since – but by the last it appears your were undetermined what to do with her -  I am sorry she should be so long delay’d with a Crew on wages etc - Should the Ship remain at Liverpool on the receipt of this & it should appear to you that no accomodation of differences between the two Countries was likely to take place by & through our [?Conampions] at St. Petersburg or any other way – I should like for the Ship to be put under Swedish colors (if practicable) & sent to New Haven addressed to me or Post & Minturn New York as soon as possible there to take a load of Flaxseed on Ships Acct to Ireland your could direct the whole business -  If you should think it advisable & it could be done, she could take a Cargo of Salt & Coal with some goods on ships acct & stop at Halifax with them & this to be managed according to circumstances -  Should this plan appear unadvisable to you, you will please do any other way with her which may appear best – under this ↑is [?]↓ has of business which is very unpleasant to me -  I dont know

68

how the ship is to be got home under American Colours as she will now be liable to confiscation should she be found with a License onaboard – the Capt must be directed to keep the License entirely to himself & suffer the Ship to ^be^ take in before he should produce it, as there will be much art practiced to get hold of the License that alone will be sufficient cause of condemnations – perhaps the business can be better managed as it respects a Cargo for the Ship to come by the way of Lisbon should property to charged -  If an accommodation is likely to take place you will detain the Ship & in the event of its taking place you will please load the Ship on owners acct with fine Salt Cole, Crates & some other goods as may appear to you adviseable - I mentioned to you in my last respecting the George & Susan Cap Wood being detained at Baltimore by the Blockade of the Chesapeake – the Circumstances of this case is this, she was taken up in Baltimore to proceed from this place to that thence to Cadiz with aload of Flour, she sail’d from this place on the 2 or 3 of [?1] Month last & arrived at Baltimore & was about loaded when the Blockade took place, she then finished & got ready for Sea & wated with an expectation that the British Government would make some provision for those Vessells that were Licensed & loaded at the time of the Blockade taking place, but very soon Congress was about to pass an Embargo law, the Ship proceeded down the Bay where she was stop’d & ordered back by the squad, she then return’d to Baltimore where she now layeth -  I had every expectation that these Vessells would be liberated, as it did appear by the License that Vessells could sail from Blockaded ports as it only provided against their returning to such ports -  It is

69

pecularily unfortunate that the Ship should be detained as the owner has been to upwards of $4000 expenses on a license & other expenses to be able to prosecute the Voyage, & to no effect, & more particularly so when we consider it is in consequence of a War which every one of the Owners of both Ship & Cargo are opposed to & did use their utmost endeavour to avert & who are all Friends expecting Capt John Wood who owns a part of the Ship only-  If practicable I should be very glad if something could be done for the release of the Ship - 

I am &

 

To W E & E B Laurence                                              12 mo 3 1813

 

                                    Since writing you on the 21st  Ulto I have none of your esteemed favours -  I have now to advise of having again drawn on you in favour of Josiah Bradlee for £1000 Stg at 30 days, this day which you will pleas honour & place to my acct  - I am &

 

To E & L Foster                                                           12 mo 12 1813

 

                                    Your favour of the 8th Inst I duly rec- Annex’d I now hand you the Ships acct as likewise a Drft on Josiah Bradlee Boston for $810.56 being the 1/3 Balance his acct due you as soon as I can get the Acct from Effingham Laurence & Son I shall Credit the Ship with what Interest they will allow the Ship, which will appear to her Credit in her next acct   -

I am&

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                     12 mo 20 1813

 

                                    Your letter of the 14th Inst covering A/S of Nine Casks [?Bristles]  have been duly recd & the Amot of which after deducting the ¼ which you have placed to Credit of  John  & James Howland is placed to your debit say $3090.[?17] & is correct, if I should have occation to draw, I shall be glad to accept your offer of acceptance for the balance - 

I am &

70

To Capt Latham Cross                                                 12 mo 25 1813

 

                                    Annex’d I hand thee Invoice of the Cargo onboard the Sloop Emily thyself Master now bound for Wilmington, South Carolina, or some other southern Port where thee may be best able to get into – the Owners wish on thy  arrival that thee would dispose of the Cargo on the best terms possible & vest the same in a return Cargo for the Sloop of Rice & Cotton – should the Embargo be of such a nature as to prohibit thy taking Rice, thee must balast the Sloop with some other articles, which in all probability must be either Naval Stores or Stone balast – should the Cargo out not be sufficient for to purchase a return Cargo thee will draw on me here for the balance payable either on New York or Boston or if thee could [?regurate] bills any better on Hicks Jenkins & Co of New York or Josiah Bradlee Boston, thee may draw on them direct – advising me of the same -   I wish thee to write often & be sure & not state the time thee will sail from the Southward for home any sooner than the time thee will actually sail on acct of affecting Insurance - 

I am &

 

To Joseph Russell                                             1 mo 9 1814

            Albany

 

                                                Thy letter of the 17th Ulto I duly recd & its contents attended to - I now annex a bill on Hicks Jenkins & Co at 31 Days for the $116 which is required to make up for the assessment on my shares in the Mechanic & Farmers Bank -  I wish this bill held until the time of paying the assessment – if this drft will not answer I will provide some other way that will  -  I inclose my Certificate to be exchanged - 

I am &

 

To W E & E B Laurence                                  1 mo 9 1814

 

                                    I again have to advise of having drawn on you this day in favour of Josiah Bradlee for £400 ½

71

at 30 Days sight which you will please honour & place the amo to my Acct – we have some pacific rumours to day – I hope very much hope they may prove true –

I am&

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                             1 mo 9 1814

 

                                                Thy favr of 12 & 29 1813 I duly recd. I now inclose thee a Sett of Exchange & shall be obliged by thy selling it when ever it shall appear best for my Int the bills is on W E & E B Laurence at 30 Days for £400 Stg -

I am &

 

To Latham Cross                                              1 mo 23 1814

 

                                    Thy letter of the 8th Inst advising of thy safe arrival at Wilmington was recd by last mail – its contents noted - In reply I hardly know what to say respecting the Emily – the opinion of the Owners appears to be in favour of thy taking time for to dispose of the Cargo at the best advantage to discharge the Crew & even to sell the Vessell if thee thought best provided $4000 could be obtained for her -  I think the prices must improve on those articles which thee has before long – I should think it would be advisable to vest the proceeds of the Cargo out, in Cotton, provided the prices should get at what thee would think would do, it is a safe article to purchase on acct of its not being perishable – some people with us are of opinion that we shall have peace in the Summer, which I think is some what likely, it will be well to have an eye at such an event in thy calculations respecting the Emily – on the whole it is very difficult to say anything positive respecting thy proceedings with the Emily & Cargo – thee is at liberty to act as circumstances may appear best - & what ever thing may do will be satisfactory to me & no doubt will be to the Owners generally – should thee leave the Emily the Mate should be willing to stay by her, on terms that will answer - I think it would be well for him to  -  I am fully of the opinion that the present state of things cant stand more

72

than six month – thee will have the same means of information (by the papers) as we have & can govern thyself according – if peace should take place thy Cargo out would of course fall & a return Cargo would not -  I should think it would be well after thee had sold thy outward Cargo to lay out that Amot in a return Cargo – all however is left to thy judgment - 

I am &

 

To Cornthwait & Carey                                    New Bedford 4 mo 15 1814

 

                                    Your favour of the 31 Ulto is recd & fully note its contents -  I must say I am not a little surprised to find the Owners of the Cargo on board the George & Susan should persist in having that Cargo delivered, & even to say they should object if Peace should take place to her proceeding on her intened or any other Voyage -  I am stil more surprised to find those Shippers are all Members of our Society – their motive in wishing the Cargo now delivered is very clear to me – at the time that Cargo was discharged & in store (to repair the Ship) Capt John Wood did very much wish it should remain there even at the expense of the Ship until she could proceed her Voyage in safety – what was the reply of the Shippers, no, they told Capt Wood he must take it onboard again & their keep it until he could go to sea with it – it would be exposed to much greater risk of fire in Store than what it would in the Ship – was given as a reason why it must be put onboard – it would appear from this that they were willing to make use of a Licens’d Vessell to protect their flour against the Enemy (in case of an attack) & when the War has the appearance of ending, to then demand its delivery without being willing to pay anything towards the exprenses or even to leave it to the judgment of Judicious upright men to judge of the case between us – their cant aspirit disposed

73

to equity – if not, where is the quaker principle – but to return to the subject – Capt John Wood further says when the Shippers insisted he should take that flour onboard the second time, he told them the Ships were discharged & discharging that perhaps they might a little time hence direct it to be delivered again, their answer was, the flour was now sower & that it could be fit for no other market other than the English & that it must go on board again & their remain until the Ship could carry it to market or in other words until peace took place – as it was no ways likely she could carry it to England until peace did take place now after we have kept that flour on board very much to the injury of the Ship for more than One year & have been to a very great expense with it – I can’t think it is now right & even if it was, it can’t be very honourable now to demand its delivery just at a time when their is aprospect of the Ship being at liberty to proceed her Voyage or any other in safety - It does appear to me if the Shippers will well consider this subject they will never say anything further respecting the delivery of that Cargo of Flour -  I wish soon to hear from you on this subject - 

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                    4 mo 22 1814

 

                                    Your favr of the 15th Inst covering ^my^ A/C with you I duly recd – when I gave liberty to my friends to draw on you for $600 I then calculated I had more than that sum in your hands – the amot of Interest out runs me – the A/C appears to be correct excepting a charge of $15 & the Interest on the same of $1.7 which together make 16.7  this added to the balance say $555.13 as stated by your acct will make 571.20 the true balance as it stands on my books – which if correct please note it in conformity - 

I am &

74

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             4 mo 24 1814

 

                                    This is purposely to advise of having this day drawn on you in favour of Josiah  Bradlee payable in London for Six hundred pounds Stg at 30 Days sight, which you will please honour & place the same to my acct

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                                         4 mo 24 1814

 

                                    Inclosed I hand thee a Sett of Exchange on Cropper & Benson & Co of Liverpool payable in London for Six hundred pounds Stg at 30 days sight – which thee will please sell when it may appear to be the best time, & place the Amot to my Credit - 

I am &

 

To John Cartwright                                                       4 mo 31 1814

 

                                    I wrote thee a few days since by Mail inclosing a similar acct to what I now do - In my first acct I omitted an important charge & it being necessary to have the Acct which is to go before the Court to be fil’d in the Clerks Office before 12 [?Ofth] night on the 2nd of next month – I embrace this opportunity to get the acct to thee in time if possible if the other should fail - I intend being at Nantucket in time to attend to the business but should it so happen that I should fail, by the Packet not passing, of being in time to attend the Court – I shall be much obliged (as well as being willing to make any compensation for thy trouble in the business) by thy having $627 tender’d in Court for the balance due from me to the Estate of Allen Howland & have the case carried up to the Supreme Court by demurer or by an appeal, if the administrators should insist on judgment at the lower Court quite immaterial to me which other than if it went up by demurer their would be less expence attending it -  I have written

75

Josiah Bradlee to accept thy Order for the above sum which thee will please draw for – I dont expect the money tendered will be accepted - 

I am &

 

To William Robertson                                                   5 mo 20 1814

 

                                    I shall be very much obliged by thy giving me a statement of the Average loss which was made up on the Ship George & Susan Capt John Wood on her Voyage from Liverpool to Petersberg – or if there should have been none made out please give me the Amot of Cargo onboard the Ship which I suppose can be assertained at the Custom house where her Cargo was entered – as likewise the Amot of Expenses made out by Capt Wood or R Pollack against the Underwriters - I have been wating to settle with the Underwriters here in the same way as the average with the Cargo – thy attention to the above will very much oblige thy assured Friend –

George Howland

 

To John Cartwright                                           5 mo 21 1814

 

                                    I learn from Washburn that the case between William Macy & myself was finally left to refference & that the award including expenses was $635 – this sum I take the liberty to enclose thee in a Draft on Josiah Bradlee Boston which I beg the favour of thy having negotiated at one of your Banks & paid to the admisr of Allen Howland’s Estate please take receipt of them in full -  the sum which I mentioned I wish tendered to the Court was as near the balance as I could assertain, altho I supposed I made a great allowance for the deficiency of the estate it was entirely out of my power to make an exact statement for this circumstance –

I am &

76

 

To R Crocker                                       8 mo 29 1814

 

                                    Thy esteemed favours of the 4 & 11 Inst are duly recd - I am pleased to find thee had been able to dispose of a part of the Oil ship’d thee by Capt Latham Cross & hope thou will by the receipt of this be able to close the sales of the remains with the Shovels  -  I shall be much obliged by thy remitting the proceeds as fast as convenient to my Ct with Hicks Jenkins & Co of New York – on whom  Capt Cross has drawn for a considerable Amot which he vested in Cotton at Wilmington - 

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co             5 mo 29 1814

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 9th & 25th Inst I duly recd & note their Contents - I have writen by the mail directing R Crocker of Charleston to place the proceeds of a parcel of Oil & Shovels shipp’d him by Latham Cross to my Ct with you, the greater part of which he has advised me of having sold – the Amot will be nearing $1000 – the balance to meet your acceptances I shall make other provisions -  I have a parcle of Whale Oil & American Salt please say what it will sell at with you -  If you please you can direct R Crocker to account for the Amount of Sales in any other way you think proper -

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                             5 mo 29 1814

 

                        Thy esteemd favour of the 3rd Inst was duly recd - I have sent John Cartwright my drft on thee for 635 instead of $627 as mention before – which I shall be much obliged by thy accepting – please inform me if the Ann Alexander is exposed to worms where she lieth & wheather she is tight in her decks - 

I am &

77

 

To Cornthwait & Carey                                                6 mo 10 1814

 

                                                Your letter of the 12th is duly recd – [?] with the business may now be understood with the Shipper of then George & Susans Cargo, so as there may be no misunderstanding in the business hereafter -  I think it will be necessary hereafter to have some of the Flour taken out of the hatchways & wind sails applied to cool the hole of the Ship - to prevent as far as may be, the heat in the hole from injuring the Ship – you will please give a little attention to this business, & what every may be found necessary to be done to her may be done with as little expense as possible – as you must be very sensible of the great expense we have already been to with this Ship & to no purpose as yet –

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                                     8 mo 11, 1814

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 11th Ulto came to hand in my absence, in reply to which, I am a little at a loss what to say, as the business appears more surprising to me than ever, to think that Richard Blow would acknowledge the transaction of this business in the way he has – it would be will to know from the man he may have contracted with at Suffolk what were the conditions & at what time the contract was made – if it could be proved it was done at a date later than the Ship being freighted at would fix the business against him permanently – but if you should find no proof can be had by which it would be made to appear that those Naval Stores were not purchased for the Ann Alexander it would probably be best to let them lay for the present – unless you could compel him to a settlement by threatning him the law & the exposure of such a crooked transaction -  I shall confide in your better judgment to manage the business in the way that shall appear best for my Interest -  I dont like the expense of the Law. I am (since recg your letter) more convinced than ever of these

78

Naval Stores not being purchased for the Ann Alexander – you will find by the Copy of one of his letters to me that he says he has sold 50 bls of the Naval Stores, this would justify fully the Idea that he had purchased 500 bls & had them actually on hand & that he had sold 50 bls from the parcel – how could he sell 50 bls over two years since when they were not deliver’d from Suffolk at this date – why had not Richard Blow stated to me at the time of the contract the conditions of it & how much Tax & how much Turpentine was to comprise the 500 bls Naval Stores –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 10 mo 12 1814

 

                                                You will be pleased on the receipt of this to place to the Credit of James Howland Two hundred & thirty five pounds Stg & charge the same to my Acct  -

I am &

 

To R Crocker                                                   10 mo 22, 1814

 

                        As it now appears the war will is likely to continue for some time, it is likely the Oil & shovells remaining in thy hands will meet with a ready sale, if not already disposed off - Capt Cross will leave this place in a few days to bring the Emily home from Wilmington, where he will want some money to pay his Expenses I shall be obliged by thy holding the Balance remaining in thy hands after the Sales of all the Oil & Shovells, subject to Capt Cross’s Orders & thee will please write him to this effect at Wilmington, North Carolina giving him liberty to draw the same - 

I am &

 

To John Wood Jr                                                         11 mo 5 1814

 

                                    I shall be much obliged by thy proceeding to Baltimore & there have the George & Susan put in the best place of safety that she can be & at the least expence, her sails Riging & furniture put upon her water Cask & removed to a place of safety where they can be put with little expense – it appears by a letter from Corthwaite & Carey that they have settled the differences between the Owner & the freighter of the

79

George & Susan by arbitration which decision is as I conceive very erroneous & unjust – they must relinquish their claim for Commission – after settling the Business of the Ship thee will proceed on to Richmond & Norfolk for the Ship Butler which Vessell I wish thee to have put in good order & load her at Richmond with Flour of the best quality & proceed for this place if practicable, taking great care to proceed to Sea in a favourable time – thee may take a few bails of Cotton not exceeding 20 provided the price is at or under 18 Cts for good quality – thee will draw on me here payable in NewYork or Boston or on Hicks Jenkins & Co of New York I wish thee to draw at 60 Days if possible -  I wish thee to procure at Petersburg the Amot of the George & Susans Cargo on her first Voyage from Liverpool & the Amot of expenses made out for a general average -  Martin Fish & Co Norfolk & Alexander Sharp of Richmond will render thee any assistance thee may need – should this find the Sloop at Norfolk & could make it worth while to make a trip to Richmond & back before thee loaded home thee is at liberty to do it – whatever thee does do let as little expence attend it that is possible – wish thee a safe & prosperous trip - I have directed Hicks Jenkins & Co to pay thee $200 which thee will receive – thy time & expenses as far as Baltimore & until thee leaves that place will be charged to the George & Susan -  I shall write thee again to meet thee at Richmond -  I shall wish in case of Capture to ransome if it can be done at a considerable less than her Value – thee will have the Sloop Valued on thy first geting to her before thee proceeds to do any thing with her & the apprisal stated in writing as F [?Pease] owns ¼ of the Sloop & I expect he will object to her coming as he did last year – it will be necessary to fix her Value that in case of loss what I have to pay may be known -  Capt Folger may pay thee what he has in his hands of the earnings of the Sloop which thee will give him a receipt for & this will be a sufficient order for him to do it from - 

I am &

80

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                         11 mo 5 1814

 

                                    Capt JohnWood Jr is going on to the Southward for the purpose of geting the Sloop Butler home with a load of Flour -  I shall forward you a sett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co for £500 Stg by the next Mail & shall be much obliged by your paying Capt Wood $200 in paper as he can pass on his way to the Southward – you will please dispose of the Exchange in such away & at such time as will best promote mym Interest -  Capt Wood will likely have occasion to draw from the Southward either on me here or on you at New York if agreeable – please say what you could effect Insurance at on the Butler from Richmond to a Northern Port she sails very fast & will wate a good opportunity to get out of the Capes - Capt Wood is well acquainted with the Coasts etc –

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                         11 mo 8 1814

 

                                    Capt John Wood left this a few days since for Baltimore to take care of the George & Susan, from thence he will proceed to Richmond & Norfolk for the little Sloop Butler which has been running between Ricmond & Norfolk the summer past with a view to load her with the best of Sfine Flour for this place -  I shall be obliged by the rendering Capt Wood such assistance as he may stand in need of & if the Butler should be at Richmond on the recipt of this letter, thee will please say to Capt Folger of the Butler I wish him to detain the Vessell there until Capt Wood’s arrival at Richmond, which will be shortly after the receipt of this – if Capt Folger should be under engaugments to return to to return to Norfolk with the Sloop, please state to him I wish him to do it as soon as possible & return the Sloop to Ricmond that Capt Wood need not be under the necessity of going to Norfolk for her -  I calculated for Cap Wood to draw on me payable on thee either in New York Philadelphia or Baltimore – please say wheather bills can be negotiated in that way for the Amot of her Cargo & expenses – the Butler will carry

81

about 200 Bls, if cotton would be had at or under 18 Cents I should wish a few bales put on Deck –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             11 mo 12 1814

 

                                    I have this day drawn on you in favour of Hicks Jenkins & Co  [?] three hundred pounds Stg which when they appear you will please Accept & pass to my Acct -

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                     11 mo 12 1814

 

                                    I now send you a sett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co for three hundred pounds Stg which you willl please dispose of at a time when in your judgment it will do best – I should have sent them before but have been prevented for want of stamps -  I have between two & three tons of Cordage in the hands of Post & Minturn which I shall direct them to deliver over to you, which you will please recive & dispose of when practicable – the inclosed letters you will please let accompany the bills when sold –

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                     1 mo 1 1815

 

                                    I yesterday accepted John Wood Jr Drft payable in New York at 60 Days for $963.51 – by you which you will have the goodness to honour when presented. I likewise yesterday drew on you in favr of John Harrison for $109.14 at five days which you will please accept & place to my Acct – the Sloop Emily Cap Cross arrived here this afternoon from Wilmington N C -. 

I am &

 

To Cap Latham Cross                                                  1 mo 16 1815

 

                                    Thou art well apprised of the Views of the owners on the present Voyage – it is their wish that thee should be somewhat governed by circumstances that may occur during the Voyage – as the Sloop is now ready to embarce the first favourable time they wish thee to proceed for Elizabeth City in North Carolina then confer with Alexander Sharp of Richmond for the best market for thy Cargo ( I have

82

writen Sharp on the subject) should it appear best thee will then load the Emily with Flour & some other articles & proceed for Metanus [?Matanzas, Cuba] for the purpose of procuring a load of Molasses from this place or any other port which thee may best be able to gain it will be necessary to take staves & hoops for Elizabeth City enought to procure thy Molasses hogsheads at Metanus – should thy funds be more than sufficient to procure a Cargo of Molasses thee will take some good Sugar for the blanace -  If on thy arrival at Elizabeth City the West Indies Voyage shold look unpromising & any thing should present it self more favourable thou art left at liberty to embrace it such as freighting or anything else – we wish merely to state to thee our Views & then leave thee at liberty to act the best of thy judgment in pursuing or abandoning the Voyage for Molasses – wishing thee a safe & pleasant Voyage –

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                     2 mo 2 1815

 

                                    Your favr of the 25th Ulto I have recd I now inclose you William Rotch Jr Check on the New England Bank for Five Hundred Dollars, which you will please sell & place the Amot to my Cr  - I calculate this Check will bring from 22 to 25 pCt above par-  I consider it better than a Drft as much less trouble must attend the collecting of it - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             3 mo 2 1815

 

                                    I have this day drawn on you in favr of Josiah Bradlee for £600 Stg at 30 days sight, which you will please honour & place to my acct

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                     3 mo 5 1815

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you David Anthonys drft on G Bowen & Rogers at 60 days date for $911.71 which you will please to collect & place to my Cr this drft I aught to have recd from David Anthony on the 6th of last month which I calculated to have sent you to have

83

discounted in time to meet my acceptance of John Wood Jr drft to be paid by you – my expecting to have recd it every day since that date was the reason why I did not make other provision to meet it - I hope you have ere this recd some thing satisfactory from D Crocker - I am in hopes you will now be able to sell the Cordage on good terms – as there must be an immediate call for a considerable Cordage, the Rope Walks & Chandlers probably not much on hand -  I am selling such Cordage here at $16 -  I would rather it was sold at 14 ½ than it should remain on hand any longer – should you not be able to procure this price or more I think it will be as well to sent it here - 

I am &

 

To Cornelius Howland 3rd

                                                4 mo 2 1815

 

                        Thy letter of the 20th of last month I have recd by which I find the Howland is engauged for Cork & An other port in England, London expected -  I am in hopes thee will be able to get away without much detention, thee will always keep in mind the high wages we are giving the Crew which renders it very necessary that all dispatch should be made which is possible to get back & discharge them – thee will have all the Staves stowed with the Cargo that can be on owners acct, it is very necessary to get good Staves as they will generally sell for as much more in England as to pay for the first cost-  I have sent by the Ann Alexander 10 Bls Beef & Pork for the Howland my friends at Cork are Lachy & Mark thee can call upon them if thee should find it necessary, perhaps thee may find a Broker that will do all that thee may have occation to do – as the other is not fix’d upon I can’t name any house to thee, thee can write Cropper Benson & Co from Cork (should thee not discharge there) to write thee at the Port which thee may be bound to, to direct thee to some good house that will assist thee in thy business – if thy second port should be some port in Scotland I should think thee could make out with a Broker

84

which would save the Commission - I hope thy second port will be Liverpool in which case thee will dunage the Ship with Cole & fill up with fine Salt & 50 Crates of good assortment – unless a good frt should offer which is not likely, it is possible thee may get some frt – however I should not think it advisable to take any frt unless thee could get  as much as £350 - £400 as it would confine the ship to the port for which it was taken & we may wish to send her to some other port in great hast - I think if thee should be successful thee may return in time for another frt before the season should be over – should thee discharge in a Scotch port thee may take what frt & passingers present & return with all dispatch possible -   I expect thee would be likely to get better dispatch in a Scotch Port than in Liverpool – but still I should much prefer Liverpool – thee will make all thy remittances to Cropper Benson & Co on my Acct – it is likely I shall write them again to meet thee in England - I wish thee on thy return to call off the Vineyard where thee will find my letter advising where to proceed with the Ship -  I hope thee will be able to get staves to have the Ship well fill’d, thee could put the water & Beef & pork on the Forecastle – thee will do with as little expence as possible –

I am &

 

To Fish Grinnell & Co                                                   4 mo 22 1815

 

                                    Above I annex you Invoice of 27 hhds of Molasses of the Ship Emilys Cargo – you will have the goodness to make the best possible sale of this shipment without delay & from the Vessell if possible - 

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                                 4 mo 22 1815

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your furnishing Capt Abraham Gifford with what money he may want to load his Vessell with & to charge the same to my acct

I am &

85

 

To Jonah Bradlee                                             4 mo 26 1815

 

                                    Above I hand thee Invoice of 18 hhds of Molasses ship’d by Phillip Mosher who will sail the first wind for Boston, which thee please have the goodness to make as early sail of as possible will be practicable – some of the bill of lading & Invoice has been made out I have delivered S Rodman [?] No 64 which will reduce the quantity to 7 hhds - I enclose Moshers bill of lading for 18 hhds - 

I am &

 

To Capt Elijah Kempton                                                           4 mo 25 1815

 

                                                I have recd a letter from R Sharp stating he had engauged the Ann Alexander with Flour to Cadiz at 10/ Stg pCt or 10/6 should she proceed to a second port in Spain or Portugal – should thee discharge at any port where Salt is to be had thee will take in a Cargo & proceed for this port – thee will take good care to get the best that is to be procured – should thee discharge at [?an out] port & it should be attended with great expense to get the ship where the Salt is it may not in such case be best to go after it but if thee can get the Ship to St [?] or Cadiz with little expence it will be best to take Salt should thee go to Liverpool with the Cargo of Flour thee will take in Cole for dunage & load with fine Salt & return here – what money thee may have to remit from the Penninsula (should thee discharge there) thee will make it to Cropper Brenson & Co Liverpool unless thee should be able to bring out the Specie without much risk - I am much mortified in loosing the Ann Alexander first charter as it was entirely in consequence of not using greater exertions in geting away from Boston -.  I have not recd any reason why thee did not sail from Boston on the 1st Inst as I directed, as it appears the Ship was in the Stream by thy letter - I wish thee to send me thy particular acct with the Ship before thee sails for Virginia – the Ships expenses at Boston is enormouslay high indeed -  I hope they will not continue so through the Voyage – every exertion must be made to lesson the expenses, it is necessary that the

86

Master attends to every expence himself & see that that it is as low as can be – exertion must be used to make all the dispatch that is possible to render the Voyage as short as possible – thee will advise with Sharp for some good House to call upon to assist thee in thy Business wherever thee should go -  If thee should find thyself not able to go the Voyage I should be glad for Simon Price of the Virginia to go should he be at Richmond thee will acquaint thy Mate of all the business of the Ship so that if any thing should happen to thee he would be able to proceed home with the Ship - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                                     4 mo 26 1815

 

                                    I have of this date drawn a sett of Exchange on you in favr of Josiah Bradlee for £300 Stg which you will please honour & place to my acct – the Ship Howland Capt Cornelius Howland will sail in all this month for Richmond with a Cargo of Tobacco for Cork & one other Port in England - I have directed Capt Howland to make his remittances to you for my acct – should he discharge in Liverpool & no frt should offer for his return I wish him to take a Cargo of fine Salt & a few well assorted Crates of ware & dunage with Cole about 50 Tons – the Ann Alexander is loading with flour at the same place for Cadiz or Liverpool Elijah Kempton Master, should she go to Cadiz he will probably remit his frt to you unless he should be able to bring out the money – if he should discharge at Liverpool – I should wish him to return with fine Salt & Cole, if nothing better can be done in the way of frts -  The Old business of the Ship Ann Alexander I should write you upon as soon as her fate is decided here -  I expect she will be condemn’d in our District Court for having gone to England with Cargo after the War - 

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                                         4 mo 24 1815

 

                                    Inclosed I hand thee a sett of Exchange for £300 Stg on Cropper Benson & Co at 30 days sight which I hope thee will be able to sell on good terms -  I likewise inclose two

87

letters for Cropper Benson & Co which I wish forwarded by separate conveyances - I expect the Molasses will be in Boston this evening or tomorrow morning -  I expect thee will be able to sell it at a handsome price – thy A/C is correct balance to New Acct say 799.14 - 

I am &

 

To W E & E B Laurence                                              4 mo 26 1815

 

                                                I have your several esteemed favours during the War of 14th Sept 1813, March 15 & June 22 1814 -  I do now with sincere pleasure address you, with fervent desire that we may never have War any more between the two Nations - & hope we may long live to enjoy an uninterrupted intercourse, & such as may tend to promote our individual Interests – the Ship Howland is loading for Cork & one other port in England, the Ann Alexander is loading for Cadiz or Liverpool – the George & Susan has not yet obtained frt - should any of them come within your care you will please take direction of them - I shall be obliged by your closing my A/C & what little Balance may be in your hands please pay it over to Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool  - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         5 mo 29 1815

 

                                     I wrote you under date of 7 mo 3 1813 on the subject of the Insurance on the Ann Alexander Cargo & frt from Devonshire to Ireland & annexed a Certificates from the Bedford Marine Insurance Company proving what Insurance had been effected upon her here – not hearing from you on the subject I have sent other Copys of the same letter & Certificates - I did receive your several letters by the Ann Alexander of 12 mo 21, 22 & 27 1813 which Vessell arrived at Boston in the 2nd Month last year – where she was seized by the Governt & lately condemn’d by the Court, but restored by the Treasury department on Petition, within the last week, after puting me to a great expence -  I gave Bonds for the ship last Winter – owing to the situation of the Ship I have not been able to write you on her business since her arrival – least something might be got holt of that would opperate

88

against her on tryal -  I am very much at a loss to account for your ordering the Ship over to Liverpool for the purpose of loading her for American & after Detaining her on expence for several months your should decide not to load her as you had no direct Orders to do it - I think you had aught to have decided on this before you ordered the Ship for Belfast -  I am much more at a loss to account for your having directed the Insurance on the Ship when every letter that has pass’d between us did tend to show what course the Ship would permit -  If I had been in the habit of having my Insurance effected by you I should not have thought so strange of it – but I believe hardly an instance or not more than one of your ever having had Insurance effected for me – you did write me (as I have already mentioned) in your letter of 1 mo 9 1813 that you should not get the Insurance done for two reasons first you expected it might have been done in American – second 15 [?G] pCt was asked & that you did not consider the Risk worth more than the 1/3 of that sum – that you should get it done after this at 10 [?G] pCt in Violation of your judgments is what I cannot account for -

Indeed the whole Insurance on the Ship at the several ^different^ times from Devonshire to the United States is altogether rong & what aught not to have taken place - & is what I am not so well satisfied with as I could wish to be -  I request your particular attention to this subject & dont doubt you will readily place this business in away that will be satisfactory – why you should make this Insurance without an order when you could not load the Ship without a direct Order to that effect, seems a little contradictory -  Your A/C under cover of your letter of 12 mo 22 1813 was likewise recd & notice the remarks in this letter as well as the calculation of Interest on the A/C at 4 [?1/2] pCt which is something that I cannot allow as being wright or Correct – if you had made up the A/C & then stated you should in future

87

allow but 4 ½ pCt I should have considered it perfectly correct – but when you refer to the A/C & see that it had been standing two years – I think you will without hesitation Credit my Acct with the Amot dedirected for the Amot of Interest say £26.4.10  -  I very much wish & hope the difficulties between us can be got over to our mutual satisfaction - 

I am &

 

To Alex ander Sharp                                                     6 mo 10 1815

 

                                    Thy esteemed favours of the 8 & 27 Ulto I duly recd – the former covering the Howlands Acct say $1084.47 which appears correct – the latter that of the Ann Alexander Amountg to $737.20 which is also correct if the charge of $28 for Expenses to Hampton is proper to be made to the Ship – the Ann Alexander was (if I may be allowed the expression) shamfully detained by what thee wrote me when the Ship was chartered - I

had reason to expect that it would be doubtful wheather my letter to Capt Kempton which I wrote immediately on hearing the Ship was freighted, would reach him in time – expecting he would have sail- I should have been glad to have written him again had I have known he would not have saild before he did -  I have not until now been able to make thee any remittance on acct of the supplies to the Howland & Ann Alexander - Inclosed I had thee the half of Ten, one hundred Dollar bills which thee will please receive & place to my Ct - I shall make a further remittance soon -. I have not yet sold all the Tobacco ^recd^  by the Butler – there has been so much shipd this way that it is very dull & low - 

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                                     6 mo 12 1815

 

                                    I wrote thee a few days since inclosing the half of ten, one hundred Dollars bills of your Bank, I now inclose thee the other half & hope they will be safely recd – thee will please instruct me what thee wishes done with the Acct of the sales of the tobacco when sold  -  I am in hopes to compleat the sales before long -  please say wheather

90

the Howland was able to discharge a part of her Cargo at each of the Ports she is to go to, or all at one of the two Ports – what Port is most likely she will go to from Cork –

I am &

 

To John Wood Jr.                                            6 mo 10 1815

            Hamburg

                                    I am yet without thy letter from the Capes, thy not giving a direct answer on the subject of the Ships going to Sweden for Iron has determined us not to send her – Gideon Howland wanted to load 100 Tons – but it was left so uncertain that he gave it up – I now wish thee on thy arrival at Hamburg to get what freight back thee can, if none can be obtained, it will be well to return to this place – taking some goods on acct of Owners provided they can be procured at a price that will pay some profit thee will remember that the double duties are continued – all the money thee may have to remit – thee will do it to Cropper Benson & Co – Glass & Glass Ware & Linnens and to pay something – I am entirely unacquainted with the trade – therefore thee must judge wheathr it is best advisable to take the Amot of frt in goods or a part or none –

I am &

 

To Cornelius Howland 3rd                                 6 mo 10 1815

 

                        Thy letter of the 16th Ulto dated off the Capes of Virginia I duly recd & am in hopes thee is nearly into Cork by this time – I have thought since she sailed wheather it would not be best (should the discharge at a port not far from Liverpool) to go to Liverpool & take a Cargo of Salt & 1 or 200 of Crates of the same kind that Fame is to take -  I understand  she has an Invoice of Ware that will answer the New York market even if thee should discharge at Cork & thee could do nothing there to return with, to go to Liverpool – I mention this to thee having thee at liberty to go should thee think it advisable – thy family & friends are well – frts at present very dull –

I am&

91

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             6 mo 10 1815

 

                                    Since I wrote you on the 29th of last month I am in possession of your esteemed favour of the 1 mo 10 – 2 m 11 – 3 m 21 & 4 m 17 1815 & fully note their contents – one of which inclosed your statement of my A/C with you – have not yet recd your second bill of disbursets for the Ann Alexander as chd in acct £69.10.3 which you will please forward – the Law expense for Capt Wood for £17.12.5 is a charge I am unacquainted with – you will please say why this is charged to me – Capt Wood of the George & Susan has gone for Hamburg – I expect he will make you a remittance – I wish you to forward the inclosed letter to him as soon as possible as likewise the one for Cornelius Howland of the Howland – I have directed WE & EB Lawrence to pay you a small balance I have in their hands which you will when recd place to my Ct

I am&

 

To Alexander Sharp                                         6 mo 20 1815

 

                                    Since writing thee on the 10 & 12 Inst I am without any of thy favours to reply to – I now inclose thee [?Bridge & Kenouf] Drft for ¢310  on Jenks & Billings which thee will please collect & place to my Ct – I likewise inclose the half of 5 one hundred Dollar Bills of the Richmond Bank which when recd please place to my Ct also –

I am &

 

To Alexander  Sharp                                                     6 mo 20 1815

 

                                    I wrote thee of this date inclosing a Drft on Jenks & Billings (as above) for $310 & likewise the [?] of five one hundred Dollar bills on the Richmond Bank – I now inclose thee the half other half of those five bills – which when recd please place to my Ct

I am &

92

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            6 mo 22 1815

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your rendering me Treasury Notes of sufficient Amount to pay $1086.95 duties say $ 543.48 payable on the 19th of next month & $543.47 on the 19th of 10th Month – please calculate the Interest on the Note up to the ^ above^ times from the purchase & let the Amot come as near the Amot of  duties as well can be  not exceed the Amot – You will not purchase until the Amot is collected for the Molasses –

I am &

 

To D Crocker                                                  7 mo 4 1815

                        Thy favour of the 8th Ult I have recd annexing A/Sales of Oil & Shovells as likewise A/C Balanced by paying over to John Storey $434.28 for acct of Hicks Jenkins & Co all of which appears correct & to satisfaction – my acct stands balanced in conformity –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                 7 mo 4 1815               

 

            Inclosed I hand thee Eight hundred Dollars as at foot, which thee will please place to my Credit I had this money on hand & mostly Boston I concluded to send it down –

 

 537 Boston Bills

185 Check                                           I am &

   50 Nantucket bils

   25 Taunton Bills

     3 Rhode Island bils

$800

 

To Samuel Carey                                              7 mo 4 1815

 

                                    Thy favour of the 26th  Ult I have recd with the George & Susan accts inclosed – I have only to say that  it is stated altogether in away that is not expected – subjoined is a statement agreeable to what was expected – Cap Wood  wrote me from the Capes that he had very hastily give thee a draft for the Balance including an old balance of Cornelius Howlands which was not as he expected & on reflection found it was wrong & in question I would ask of thee the Amts & have it rectified – neither did he expect thee

93

would charge hav a Coms of  2 ½ pCt for money for about 10 days or the average of time - & how thee could charge a Coms on amot of the old balance when a Coms had been calculated on it in the acct which created that balance, I do not understand – I wish to do business on a liberal scale & in an honourable way –

I am&

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            7 mo 11 1815

 

                                    I have this day drawn a Sett of Exchange in favour of Hicks Jenkins & Co for £250 Stg on you which you will have the goodness to honour when it appears & place the same to my Acct – I some time since directed WE & EB Lawrence to pay a small Balance which I had in their hands & have no doubt it is done-

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                                 7 mo 11 1815

 

                        Inclosed I hand you a sett of Exchange for £250 Stg on Cropper Benson & Co which you will please dispose of at the most favourable time - & place the amot to my Ct – Your Coms for setting Exchanges is much higher than I have paid – Josiah Bradlee of Boston setts Exchange  - procures Drfts & collects money for  [?] pCt – at least he does it for me at that – & if at any time he is in advance for me he charges the Interest only – I hope you will be willing to sell this Exchange with out charging a Coms – as you have chd 2 ½ pct on the amot of the Balance – you will lay out of the money for a little more than a month for a considerable part of it – it is a high percent to pay for so short a time – the money from Charleston I believe was in time for JW Draft at 10 days – would it be proper to che a Coms on the Sales of the [?Bristles] for more than was recd for him I shall make a further [?] provission shortly to meet the

94

Balance due you – I have mentioned the above Items & only expect for you to do as well as you feelt willing to do by me – as it respects Coms

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                         7 mo 15 1815

 

                                    Thy several favours of 17,19,26 June & 1 July has been duly recd – I called on S [?Seth] Russell & Sons & found they had made arrangements for the Balance due thee from them – I have not yet disposed of all of the Tobacco when I have I should forward sails without delay – I detained my first letter with money, with a view to deceive those who might undertake to stop them by their meeting with the second letters first they might have concluded the first had gone on & out of their reach which might have induced them to let it go on -  I think if thou should read my letter of 6 mo10 again thee would  not find cause to comment upon it with so much emphasis as what thou hast – I have not charged thee with any neglect nor any other one as the consequence of the Ann Alexander detention- I have merelay stated she was shamefully detained – thee had admitted it & in a former letter of the 8th May thee said she would sail that week & the Shipper has admitted it as he has paid a part of the expenses incurred in consequence of her not having her Cargo as soon as was represented – therefore I concurr the fact is established that she was so detained – but where the blame should be fix’d I dont undertake to say – other Ships having been detain’d longer than the Ann Alexander was, is not justification for her situation – if the Charters should agree to load a Ship in one week & should be 5 or 6 weeks – I should call it a shamefull detention

95

wheather others had been detaind longer or not – Thy observations with respect to the charge of $28 – which are made with well emphasis likewise is such as I should not have expected - there is nothing in my letter that warrants it – I have not disputed this charge neither have I call’d it an “improper charge” as thee has stated – I said the Ann Alexander “accts were correct if the charge of $28 for expenses to Hampton is proper to be made to the Ship” – requiring only an explenation wheather that was incurr’ed entirely for the Ship – or partly for the Ship & partly for some other interest – Thy Acct of Disburt for the Ship Howland  amounts to ¢1084.43 – the C[?Custom]  House charge is 2235 I have no acct for my Brother –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            7 mo 27 1815

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 12th Inst I have duly recd – I have to advise of having drawn on you in favour of L Cross for 135$ & in favour of C [?Grinnell] for $63 which you will please to honour & place to my acct

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                             7 mo 27 1815

 

                                    Thy favour of the [?4th] Inst has been duly recd – I shall be obliged by thy procuring at thy convenience Five hundred Dollars in City Bank Notes or a Draft on New York which ever can be procured at the best advantage & forwarding the same to Hicks Jenkins & Co of New York – please say what Sfine Baltimore Flour is worth of best quality –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland & Son                                7 mo 27 1815

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 5th Inst was duly recd & would have been sooner replyed to had I not have expected the Flour would have been recd soon after – I did not receive the Flour until yesterday – Flour is dul & is retailed at ¢9

96

the very best of flour - & the same kind of your direct frm Baltimore is offered at ¢8.50  - please say what you would be willing to have the Flour sold at – we are over stockd with flour at present – a number of Cargoes has lately arrived – our ships have all gone except one – I could procure you 2 pcs of Bed ticking at from 60 to 70 Cts pr yd if I had an opportunity to forward it – please say wheather I shall forward it when an opportunity presents – I could forward it by way of New York if you wished –

I am &

 

To Samuel Carey                                              7 mo 21 1815

 

                                    Thy favour of the 13th Inst I duly recd I have not the least objection to leaving our accts to any two responsable [?Merchts] to decide – but to leave it to them without my being present I should object – I never did have any disputable bussiness but what I could leave it to such men as I was acquainted with – it has always been understood with me that you was to loose your Coms if the Ship did not proceed to Sea with her Cargo - & I conceive very properly it should be so – I  represented this business to John Wood Jr. in the early stage of the business & he informed me that you had agreed to relinquish in case the Cargo was delivered – thee must see that I could not consider it in any other light as I have within two months been obliged within to go to Taunton to answer before the Court to a trustee served on me by W. Brownell for your acct – I released myself by affirming that you was to relinquish your Coms in ^case^ the Ship did not go to Sea which would make a small balance due me – In all cases where goods have been sold the person selling them has lost his Coms when there has been a failure & the money not collected – which is a similar case to your Coms on the

97

George & Susan – I have no ojection to thy charging a Coms on the George & Susan last business & I presume Cap Wood has none – but it is expected & understood that it was to meet the old Coms as far as it would – Thy observation respecting the 5pCt [?prim] is what need not have been made Cap Wood sold ¢1100 2 or 3 days before thy draft was sold at 5pCt & could have sold more so & instead of its being better – I have since returned its being  6pCt – of this has sold the drft for less than its Value I don’t conceive I aught to be the looser – I dont know why Cap Wood should have taken up any money from thee at all – as he could draw for the money – it must have be under the impression that no expence would attend it – as he could have drawn as a few days sooner as well as at the time he did – If thee has kep a copy of thy accts which thee has rendered me thee will find by examination that a Coms has been twice chd on the old balance of say 196.74 –

I am &

 

To Thomas L Latchette                                     7 mo 27 1815

 

                                                Thy favour of the 15th of last Month has the Post Mark of July 6th I have recd thy not receiving thy letter before I had concluded thee must have gone from home between my writing thee & thy reply I recd a letter from Thomas Daw son William Harvis & Thomas Clay directed to Joseph Howland stating they were the persons who took up the Roina & seemed to be very anctious to have her business brought to a close & wished me to say wheather I would take the Sloop a $210 or let them take her at that price & wished me to decide which I would do as soon as possible – as I had heard nothing from thee I could not judge of the value of the Vessell & immediately agreed with a young man of this place who was going to Norfolk to

98

to go to the Eastern Shore & settle the business & I wrote to T Dawson etc advising them of the same – since the young man has been prevented from going & has given up the voyage – I shall now wish that thee would settle with the above persons for their claims on the Roina at the Rate of $210 – provided thee should think it advisable to allow that sum for her – by all the Authorities that I have consulted the salvors are not entitled to more than a hands on compensation for their services – I wish thee to mention particularly where the Sloop lays & wheather Spars & materials can be procured handily or in the neighborhood & wheather workmen can be procured & at what price to repair her – thee will point out to me in what way I can make remittance to meet the expenses & what Bank paper is current with you – If the Sloop cannot be made safe by sheathing with pine boards I should prefer selling her – I think it will be as well to advise me again thy opinion as to situation, expense of repairing & to what thy Labors are willing to take up with before thee comes to any conclusion respecting her 

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                         8 mo 1 1815

 

                                    I have drawn on you ^3 drfts^ in favr of G Russell, E Tollman & C Grinnell Jr. for $126 each – which you will please honour – they being interest on the $9[?34] Rcd from Charleston & entitled to receive it in New York – I have requested Josiah Bradlee to remit you $500 which no doubt he will do soon - 

I am &

99

 

To Daniel Howland & Son                                            9 mo 1 1815

 

                                    Your favour of the 3rd of last Month was duly recd & note its contents – I now annex A/S of your Flour [?] $657.81 subject to your Order after deducting $75 the cost of 100 yds of Bedticking which will be forwarded by first opportunity – Flour is very dull & but little demand – I should be pleased to hear from you when anything is doing in freights to Europe – I was obliged to have the Bedticking wove on purpose as it is not used to weave it more than about 7/8 of a yard wide which of course made it come a little higher –

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                         9 mo 1 1815

 

                                    Annexed I hand thee A/S of the Tobacc0 [?Nkds] $301.81 in subject to thy order – if it should be more convenient for thee I could pay this Amot either here Boston or New York  - In a letter yesterday from Cap Kempton at Cadiz stating he should sail for this place with a Cargo of Salt on the 29th of July – In consequence of the Communal Treaty with Great Britian I expect freights will be better for American Vessells in your Waters –

I am &

PS. 9 m 2  - I now have the pleasure of saying the Ann Alexander arrived here this morning from Cadiz which place she left on the 30th of July Capt Kempton – confirms the reports we have had of a Peace with Algiers  - I shall send the Ann Alexander into the Chesapeake to load for Liverpool so soon as I can have her discharged & got ready – she has a Cargo of Salt aboard – how does this kind of Salt do with you – I should be glad of what frt should offer for Liverpool for the Ann Alexander–

I am &

100

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             10 mo 12 1815

 

                        Annexed I hand you Invoice for 100 Crates of Earthen Ware made out by a dealer of that Ware in New York & shall be much obliged by your having procured for my account 100 Crates agreeable there too – or double that quantity say 200 Crates if they can be procured in season,  I expect the Ann Alexander will probably be in Liverpool in the course of the Winter to take them – I wish attention paid to have them put up agreeable to memorandum – I have this day drawn on you in favour of Josiah Bradlee for £650 Stg which you will please to honour & place to my crdt – I hope soon to receive the Howlands accts –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                 10 mo 12 1815

 

                                    Inclosed I hand thee a sett of Exchange for £650 Stg on Cropper Benson & Co which thee will please dispose of  to the best advantage & place the Amo to my Ct – please forward the enclosed letters by different conveyances – I yesterday  accepted Alexander Sharps Drft for $301.81 drawn in favour of Jenks & Billings at 10 days Sight payable in Boston – I shall be obliged by thy taking it up when due – please send me 3 or 4 doz [?] of good twine

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                         10 mo 22 1815

 

                                    Your favour of the 21 of Sept & 2 Oct I have duly recd – I think Richard Blows conduct is unaccountable – I shall expect from him good money with Interest from 2 mo 1 1812 for the Balance - I wish you to purchase for acct of the Ship Ann Alexander 40 to 60 m hhd & bbl Staves – you will please be particular to have none purchased but good ones such as are of a good size & thickness – I expect the Ship will leave here by first of next month for Norfolk I

101

should be glad to procure some frt for her to Liverpool – I have a Cargo for her at Liverpool where I wish to send her should a frt or the half of a frt offer for her to a port or Ireland  Greenock or Liverpool, I should like to take it – indeed any frt more or less might be accepted to Liverpool – I should like to have a few hundred Bls Naval Stores of good Tar provided the price would answer – I shall direct Hicks Jenkins & Co of NewYork to accept your drfts – you will please draw on them as you purchase & at 30 or 60 Days if the Drfts can be negotiated as favourably as at shorter sight by calculating the Interest -  I shall write you again soon – you no doubt will know that large rough [?], [?O], hhd & bbl Staves answer the English market much the best – I wish you to be particular in selecting such- I have great expectation that a considerable part of a frt of  Tobacco may be obtained for the Ann Alexander at Petersburg or Richmond the Ship is Small will carry but about 290 hhd & is an excellent Vessell - & if a full cargo could be obtained it would net me much better –

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                         10 mo 28 1815

 

                                    I wrote you on the 22nd Inst to which I refer – the Ann Alexander is nearly ready & will sail in the course of a few days for Norfolk – I hope you will have the staves ready to commence loading immediately on her arrival – I should like to have from 3 to 500 bls Tobacco procured – if that of a good quality can be had – you will please be particular to see that it is free from water & full – I expect you will be able to procure the Tobacco at 2 ½ Dollars or under – I dont think it will pay at a higher price – the Tar will be wanted to put in the bottom of the Ship – I wish you to be prepared to give the Ship dispatch – I wrote to my friend Alexander Sharp of Richmond & requested him to procure some frt for the

102

Ann Alexander if he could – you will however be prepared to get what frt should offer & fill her up with as much dispatch as is practicable – I wish you to draw 2000 Dlls on Hicks Jenkins & Co & the remainder you will please draw on Fish & Grinnell & Co of Norfolk – I hope you will be able to collect from Richard Blow in time – the balance that is due from him there I wish you to urge & press the necessity – I would rather accept the ¼ or 1/3 of a frt for Liverpool & fill her up myself than to have a greater part of a frt & go to some other Port – the object of the Voyage is Liverpool & that with as much dispatch as possible

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                         10 mo 28 1815

 

                                    I shall be obliged by receiving A/Sales of the Salt when its convenient – You will please accept Martin Fish & Co drfts of Norfolk for $200 for my acct

I am &

                                               

 

To David Howland & Son                    11 mo 9 1815

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 3rd of last Month I recd by the Nantucket Packet a few days since I immediately on receiving it wrote to Cap Hussey to know when he would probably sail.. I recd his letter this morning dated the 6th Inst stating he would sail in about 7 days – I have put the ticking on board the packet 2 pieces & five hundred & four Dollars 24 Cents (in Spanish Dollars) balance due you agreable to statement at foot – I was obliged to give ½  pCt to procure the Dollars they are always worth a little more than other specie with is – I shall put the money under the care of a Friend who goes passinger in the packet & will save some expense – I shall

103

request Cap Hussey to send me a receipt for the Ticking & money when he shall have recd it – I hope you will receive them in safely & to your satisfaction –

I am &

 

To 100 yds Tickg          70.0

To [?]   Order               74.32

To advg                          0 75

To [?]  pCt Pr[?]            2.50

To ? Balance             505.24

                                 _______

                                 $657.81

 

To Cap [?] Hussey                               11 mo 9 1815

 

                                    Thy letter of the 6th I recd this morng I have sent by the packet 2 ps Ticking & by the care of G Coffin $505.25 – which I wish thee to receive & pay the frt & deliver the same to Daniel Howland & Son of Baltimore – please send me a rect for the same –

I am&

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             11 mo 14 1815

 

                                    Your several esteemed favr of 5 mo 27 6 m 9 & 24 7 m 14 & 27 & 8 mo 25 1815 have been duly recd & note their Contents – I shall be glad to have the business of the Ann Alexander satisfactorly arranged – I wrote you 10 m 12 last & inclosed an Invoice for 100 Crates of Ware & requested you would have double that quantity [?] and agreeable to the memorandum – for the  Ann Alexander which Vessell left here on the 11th Inst for Norfolk to load with staves etc for Liverpool – I think I shall direct Capt Kempton to call at Cork to try the Market should she arrive at Liverpool with her Cargo you will please do the best you can with it – I wish the ship to have every dispatch you can give her in returning with her lower hole fill’d with fine Salt & the between decks with 200 Crates & what fine Salt in 4 bus bag she can take to fill her up – you will be particular to return her with every dispatch & with the articles directed – If the Crates cannot be had without great detention you will take what you

104

you can get & still fill her between decks with bags of Salt – I have this day drawn on you in favour of Josiah Bradlee for £300 Stg at 60 days which you will please honour & place to my acct

I am &

 

To Capt Elijah. Kempton                                              11 mo 16 1815

 

                                    We have calculated you must have had an excellent passage to Norfolk the wind continuing favourable near 3 days – I calculated you must have arrived got within the Capes if nothing hapening to you in the course of second day – I have written Cropper Benson & Co & advised them of sailing of the Ann Alexander I have directed them on thy arrival at Liverpool to give thee every dispatch that is possible & to load the ship back with her lower hole full of fine Salt & her between decks with Crates & bagg’d Salt – that is fine Salt put up in 4 bus Baggs which answer for the Virginia Market – I did intend to direct thee to stop at Cork to learn the state of the market there – but as I wish all the dispatch made [?ure] that is possible  I have concluded it will be best for thee to proceed to Liverpool direct & with every faculty that is in thy power – the prospect of the Voyage depends entirely on the shortness of it - & I hope no exertions will be wanted on thy part to render it so – thee will be particular that the Ship returns with the articles directed & to fill her full in every part I have directed Cropper Benson & Co to put in 200 Crates of Ware – If the Ship should be likely to be detained long for them – I would rather that more bagg’d Salt should be taken than the Ship should be detained for the Crates – but still I wish by all means the 200 Crates may come if it is possible to procure them without subjecting the

105

Ship to much detention – the last letter I recd from Martin Fish & Co gave no encouragement of any frt & that the Ship will be entirely loaded on owners acct my letter is written with that opinion – but should any frt present that Martin Fish & Co should think an object to take to some other port than Liverpool thee must of course go to such port & deliver it & then proceed for Liverpool – thee will advise Cropper Benson & Co immediately on thy arrival at the port which thee may thus arrive at – thee will return to New York with the Ship from Liverpool –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             New York 11 mo 28 1815

 

                                    The Ship Howland Capt Cornelius Howland left this port on the 23d Inst for Charleston to load with Cotton to proceed for Falmouth for Orders from thence either for Liverpool or LeHavre – I shall be much obliged by your calling on [?Thos & W Earle] & Co of Liverpool (who are the agents for the Cargo) to assertain wheather the Howland will be ordered to Liverpool or LeHavre – if to LeHavre I shall be obliged by your advising Capt Howland & recommended some good House to assist him in his business & likewise advise him what can be done at Liverpool in freight to the United States – I have directed him to return by the way of Cape Verdes for Salt if nothing better could be done – please advise him in the best way of remitting his frt to you – If he should discharge in Liverpool I have directed him to return with Salt & Crates unless a frt of £1000 or upwards could be obtain’d to the United  States – the Ann Alexander will sail in about 10 days from Norfolk with Staves Tar & probably some Tobacco  in freight –

I am &

106

 

To Capt David Leslie                            New York 12 mo 7 1815

 

                                                I wish thee to take charge of the A Alexr George & Susan & proceed with her with as much dispatch as is practicable to Norfolk & there call on Martin Fish & Co to whom I have writen respecting the Ship & her intended Voyage – which is to commence loading with Tar & Staves immediately on thy arrival if there should be a fare prospect of  obtaining as much as 1/3 or one half of a Cargo or frt for Cork & Liverpool or London – which I have myself no doubt of thy being able to obtain – I shall expect to allow thee for the Voyage Thirty Dollars per Month to commence this day 5 pCt Primmage on amot of freight with 2 pCt priviledge which is to be considered in full for services that may be rendered on the Voyage – all passage money to be credited the Ship as frt etc - If no frt should appear on thy arrival at Norfolk & it should be of the opinion of Martin Fish & Co that freight could or would be obtained by the time the Ship would be ready to receive it – it would be well to commence loading under such expectation – If it should appear that no freight would be likely to be obtained I think it would be as well to proceed to Charleston or even Savannah – my friends at  Charleston is Robinson & Patton at Savannah R Richardson at Cork Harvey Deaver & Co at Liverpool Cropper Benson & Co at London W E & E B Lawrence – I shall advise thee from time to time as circumstances may require – If you should commence loading at Norfolk with Staves etc you will of course fill up the Ship with those articles if no frt unexpectedly should present –

I am &

107

 

To Martin Fish & Co                             New York 12 mo 9 1815

 

                                    I wrote you yesterday respecting the George & Susan – I hope you will be in readiness for her on her arrival which will be shortly – I wish you to purchase mostly Hhd Staves as [?] is not so high in proportion – I wish you to have the Ships Cargo so arranged with the Shippers as that she may discharge her Staves & Tar at Cork if we wish  - I expect that will be the best market & London the next best – If you could obtain the half of a Cargo for London or Cork direct you will fill the Ship with Staves & Tar & let her proceed for either of those ports – I should prefer having one third of a Cargo of Tobacco on frt for Cork than more to London – for the reason that I expect Staves will do as well or better & of course the expenses will be less & Voyage shorter –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             New York 12 mo 9 1815

 

                                    I have just recd a letter from my friends at Richmond stating that bagg’d Salt to answer that market should be put up in large twill’d sacks Ten sacks to the Ton of Blown Salt & 8 or 9 Sacks of Ground Salt to the Ton – I wish you to be governed by this quantity you will be particular to have the Sacks fill’d with old & well dry’d Salt – you will please have two thirds of blown & one third of ground of the quantity of bagg’d Salt put up for the Ann Alexander – the George & Susan will leave this in a few days for Norfolk to load for England or Ireland I shall write you soon respecting her future destination – I have already writen you respecting the quantity of Salt etc I wish shipped by the Ann Alexander & Ship Howland –

I am &

108

 

To Capt David Leslie                                        12 mo 19 1815

 

                                    I have this evening recd thy letter of the 15th Inst & note its contents – I have recd a letter from Alexander Sharp of Richmond stating he could obtain a full frt for the George & Susan at Richmond provided the Ship would proceed to Bermuda Hundreds – I have written him this evening & requested him to advise with thee at Norfolk & if there should not be any engagements entered into at Norfolk to prevent I think it would be well to proceed up James River & even if Martin Fish & Co should have purchased some considerable Staves & some Tar thee could take them onboard & proceed up the river if a freight to England or Ireland could be obtain’d at Richmond - & indeed if a good frt to the Continent could be readily obtained thee could leave the Staves & Tar if any should be purchased on the receipt of this letter – I mention these circumstances but do not wish thee to deviate from the first plan of the Voyage unless a full freight could be readily obtain’d up the River & without much delay – the Richmond & Petersburg Merchants have a particular averstion in shipping by a Ship at Norfolk – thee will be able to judge of the propriety of proceeding  up the River when thee shall have heard from Sharp & knowing what can be done at Norfolk –

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                             12 mo 22 1815

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of 19 & 27 Ulto & 1,4,13 & 15 Inst have been duly recd & their contents duly noted – the 13th covering your acct with the Ann Alexander which is correct & satisfactory I hope the Ann Alexander will have a favourable passage to Liverpool – If you have not on the receipt of this drawn for the whole balance due

109

you for acct of the Ann Alexander $1079.31 you will please draw on Hicks Jenkins & Co for the same which will make [?ing] $700 over the $2000 – I will advise them of the same – within a few days I have a letter from Alexander Sharp of Richmond stating he could procure a full Cargo or frt for the George & Susan – I wish you to consult Capt Leslie & do that which shall appear best in promoting the Interest of the George & Susan – if any engagements should have been entered into on the receipt of this of course you will abide them – I expect some frt by 3 Passingers which went round in the Ship – I hope soon to hear from you –

I am &

 

To John Coggeshall Jr.              12 mo 23 1815

 

                                    Thy letter of the 13th Inst I have duly recd & note its contents – I dont know how any misunderstanding can be between us respecting the Cable as when I sold it to thee I gave thee thy choice either to take it at the estimate by the original weight or to have it weighed when thee took it – to be then decided which thee would have – as at that time thee would of course know the estimated weight which is 4175 [?] Hamburg subject to an addition of & 7 pCt which will make it to be 4467 [?] or 39.3.15 – thee can take it at this weight or have it weighed which ever thee chooses – I am sure I dont want thee to pay for one [?] more of Cable than what their really is & I have no reason to expect thee wishes to have it for less than what it does weigh – If thee takes it at the weight as above the bill will be found on the other side or if thee should weight it & it should vary thee can have the bill altered –

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                     12 mo 23 1815

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your accepting & paying Martin Fish & Co drfts for my acct for about $700 more than the $200 as advised some time since –

I am &

110

 

To Capt David Leslie                            12 mo 31 1815

 

                                    I recd a letter last evening from Martin Fish & Co advising of thy having arrived at Hampton Roads & that they had engauged a frt of Staves to Cork – provided the Ship was not engauged up the River – should you finally take the frt to Cork I should wish to have 30 or 40 m Staves put in on owners acct – if it can be done without interfearing with the freighters – I should wish for thee to take a few m on Deck if it should be thought practicable – I shall write thee more fully when I hear more particularly from thee – I was looking over the Copy of my letter to thee at New York & found I had made a great omission in stating the terms thee was to have in the George & Susan – I made no reserve in the Primage to on going to Ireland – as it is a custom to allow but 2 ½ pCt   [?P] by shippers to Ireland – thee will not of  course expect me to allow it to thee unless it should be [?paid] by the freighters – this being an established custom to which Masters always expect to conform – please write me particularly on this subject –

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                         12 mo 31 1815

 

                                    Your esteemed favours of the 19,21& 22 Inst I duly recd last evening & notice their contents – should you finally accept the Cork frt I should much prefer having a few m Staves put in the Ship on owners acct – if it can be done without interfearing with your engagements with the freighters – your having drawn on Fish & Grinnell for the final Balance due you for acct the Ann Alexander will make no difference with me although I had requested you would draw the whole amot on Hicks Jenkins & Co – I should like to know what prospects there is of collectg the balance due from  Richard Blow

I am &

111

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            1 mo 4 1816

 

                        Since writing you on the 9th of last month I have not yet recd any of your favour – I am most disappointed at not yet receiving the Howlands accts – the George  & Susan Capt Leslie arrived at Norfolk on the 21st of last month & expected to load for Cork, she will probably sail by the first of next month or sooner – I wish to send the George & Susan to either Gottenburg or Stockholm for a Cargo of Iron of about 350 Tons – provided you would order the purchase at either place that should appear best as to prices & length of Voyage – if she should go to Stockholm the voyage would be lengthened some & in most seasons the price is a connderable lower – should the prices vary but trifling it

would be best for the Ship to load at Gottenburg – however I shall leave it at your discretion to direct her to either of the ports that shall be best, provided you would do it from the prospect of what funds should come into your hands for my acct – should there be any deficiency of funds from any circumstances of the miscarriage of any of my Vessells which is not now calculated on you may rely fully that immediate provision shall be made to reimburse you in any advances you may have to make in ordering the purchase – James & John Howland are 1/6 Interested on the Ship & Cargo - they will provide with you this proportion excepting the balance of the Ships freight out – which balance will be I expect £1200 – I shall direct Capt Leslie to follow your directions in proceeding to Sweden for Iron – at foot you have the description of Iron I wish provided for the Ship – the George & Susan no doubt will be very early for Stockholm & unless the advantage should be equal

to some detention etc it would be as well to load at Gotenburg – you will no doubt have the necessary information to govern you on the best port of the two – the Ann Alexander sail’d on the 16 & Howland on 17th of last month – I have but little doubt but the Howland will dis-

112

at Liverpool – I wish the Ann Alexander not to be detained for Crates but give her all dispatch possible – I wish the Salt that is Bagg’d for the Ann Alexander & Howland should be half of each kind for each Ship instead of 1/3 & 2/3 as directed – should any frt offer for the Howland for either New York or Richmond I think it would be well to take it at a fair price – should frts offer sufficient for to fill the Howland between decks for either of the above ports – you will accept it & have her lower hole fill’d with 1000 baggs of Salt one half of each kind of Salt the remainder with fine Salt if she returns to New York & Coarse if to Richmond – the Iron I wish ordered for the George & Susan is 275 Tons of flat Iron of usual thickness from 2 Inch to 3 Inches wide including both sizes & of each equal quantity of each width – a few Tons of 1 ¾ Inch flats may be added if it can be done procurred without paying an extra price – 50 Tons of square Iron of  7/8 1 Inch 1 1/8 & 1 ¼ Inch square & of equal quantity of each size & 25 Tons of small square of ½ & 5/8 of an Inch may be added if there should be a sufficient funds – or left out of the order as you please –

I am &

 

To Capt David Leslie                                                    1 mo 4 1815

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 31st Ult to which I refer thee – I this evening recd thy letter of the 21 & 25 & find you have engauged the Cork frt – If those Irishmen freight the ship (which by the letter it appears thy do) I cant think that Martin Fish & Co are entitled to a full Coms on the frt as I did agree with those men to load a part of the Ship to Cork (provided she went there) at the prices that frts were going at, at Norfolk, which they expected to do as far as their money would go – it is certain no frt would have been procured at Norfolk had it not been for those men please state this to Martin Fish & Co – if they get a coms on purchasing the Cargo they aught not to charge any Coms on frt at all

113

I have writen to Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool stating to them my views & wishes respect the George & Susan going to Sweden for Iron thee will please follow their directions respecting going – if they should decide for her not to go thee will do the best thee can at Cork on frt & passengers & return to this place or New York – should thee go to Gottenburg or Stockholm which I expect will be the case, thee will be very particular in having the Cargo so stowed as to fill the Ship full to the uper Deck & every part to have its proper bearings – I have noticed that all the Ships which returnd home last fall with  Iron were very much strain’d & reck’d for the want I think of being properly stowed – please be very particular in stowing the Ship properly – I have limited the Cargo ^at^ 350 Tons – I wish thee to be particular to have the Invoice of the Cargo made out with all the Shiping charges Coms etc added as where it is made out at such a price delivered onboard we have more duty to pay here on entering the Cargo – If either we get some advantage by having the Invoice made out in Hamburg Bancos or Mark  Bancos or in Swedish Rix Dollars or the Silver Dollars as they are rated here at something less than their value in Sweden the Phoinexes Cargo was rated at 36 Cts the Dollar – Bancos are rated at about 33 Cents in this office – it will be best to have the Invoice made out in the most valuable kinds of such kind  of money as thee should think best – it will not do so well to have it made out in £ Stg – Should thee take any Cargo on owners acct thee will request Martin  Fish& Co to consign them to Harvey Deaver & Co in Cork – as the frt is to be paid in approved bills on London it will not be necessary to pay a Coms on Collecting the frt as thee will be able to communicate with Cropper Benson & Co or some house at Cork respecting the Bills – if there should be any Cargo

114

on owners acct which would be address’d to Harvey Deaver & Co this would be of sufficient inducement for them to assist thee at the Custom House – if not thee can employ a Broker – thee will direct Harvey Deaver & Co to remit the proceeds of the Staves to Cropper Benson & Co as likewise thee will make all thy remitances to them & as soon as can be done to meet the bills for the Iron – should thee load with Iron thee will have thy manifest filled up as bound & consign’d to me at New York but thee will proceed for this Port with Iron – should thee fill up the manifest for this Port & arrive here I should be obliged to enter & discharge – but if filled up as above I can then send the Ship to New York without being obliged to enter here – I feel confident that no exertions will be wanted

on thy part to render this Voyage Short & favorable with little expence as is possible – as without economy & dispatch in the freighting business but little can be made as freight is

now – I wish thee to procure all the information respecting Iron etc in Sweden as thee can as its likely I may continue in the business if it can be made worth ferrering –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                1 mo 4 1815

 

                                    Your favour of the 28 Ult I have recd & note its contents – I think with you that the Howland has made good dispatch & that the George & Susan bids fair to do as well in the way of dispatch – I expect she is now a considerable part loaded with the Bl Staves at 11 £ Stg for Cork or frt – I shall be much obliged by your forwarding the inclosed letter by the first conveyance – I have sold the Box of Toys & have [?] round to get the acct of them but it is impossible for me to describe them to you – they are call’d a very valuable selection

115

& of excellent quality – please mention what number of pipes there are in those Baskets – the quills that I brought home were 9000 instead of 20000 – please state what low priced quills there are now on hand I think A Shearman would purchase them if it would do to separate them – I hope you will be able soon to close the Sales of the George & Susan goods as well as forward her acct

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                        1 mo 5 1816

 

                                    Annexed I hand you my A/C with Richard Blow – after calculating the Interest on the balance up to the 1st of next month leaves a final balance of $1912.38 due me which you will please collect without delay – I have calculated the Interest Compound which he aught to pay, as your money has depreciated since balance was due me & which I aught not to loose – however I shall expect you will do the best you can for me in this business – Your Letter of the 26th Ult I recd last evening – I should like to have 30 or 40 m Staves put into the George & Susan on owners accompt – which if you should do please consign them to Harvey Deaves & Co & direct them to remit the [?]  to my Ct with Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool –

 

D Richard Blow In A/C with George Howland Co

 

1811                                                                  1812

12 m 7     To Cash sent him 1000                 3m 4 By Acct  Ship Ann Alexander

       31          Ditto               1000             Disbursement                 }1425.20

1812

1 mo 21         Ditto              1000                     By a Dft on Joseph Tripp          60.

1816

2 mo 1  To 4 year Interest on                       By Balance due

              the Balance 151486}397.58        me this date      }                          1912.38

              to this date           } 3397.58                                                    $ 3397.58

 

                                                                                                1m 5 1816

                                                                             [?]   George Howland

 

To Capt  David Leslie                                                   1 mo 7 1816

 

                        I wrote thee on the 4th Inst – I think it will be best to have the Invoice of Iron made out in Hamburg Bancos – thee will return to this Port provided thee goes

116

for Iron – thee will likewise be particular in the manner of filling up thy manifest as stated in my last – If the crew were to have New York money for their pay it will be best not to pay them on the Voyage more than be will help’d – thee will advise Cropper Benson & Co immediately on thy arrival at Cork – I am confident thee will have the Iron stowed in the best way but still I can’t help but press the necessity there is in having it well stowed – I wish pains taken to have it well stow’d 

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                1 mo 29 1816

 

                                    Your favour of the 13th Inst I duly rec’d inclosing the George & Susan acct & my A/C – I have not yet had time to examine as to cartings etc – in the George & Susan acct I notice two charges of Coms – one of which I can’t account for unless you calculate you were in advance for my acct & the other I did not expect under all circumstances – you will please send me two baskets of those pipes & 10,000 of the quills the price of which is under $7.50 – you will please send me the Acct of the cost of the quills – I hope you will soon close the Sales of the George & Susan goods –

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                             2 mo 11 1816

 

                        Your esteemed favours of the 17th & 31st Ult I have duly recd the latter inclosing your acct with the George & Susan – I am sorry to notice your intention of drawing immediately on Fish &Grinnell for the Amt of your acct when you were in expectation so soon of receiving money from Richard Blow for my acct – this too when the acct is made up of Coms which in my opinion aught not to have been charged or at least not a full Coms – as it appears you

117

did not procure the Ships frt – I did in the first place agree with those Irish men to go round to Norfolk in the Ship & if the Ship should go to Cork they were to load what they wish’d at the Customary frt & after the Ship arrived at Hampton Roads you wrote me that nothing could be done at Norfolk & that Capt Leslie had concluded to proceed up the river – rather than be disappointed those Irish men agreed with Capt Leslie to load the Ship wholly to Cork which he accepted with your concurance – which gave you the Coms on the Cargo also as appear – I did write Capt Leslie when I found he was in expectation of a frt of Staves to Cork that if those Irishmen (which went round in the Ship) loaded the Ship I did not conceive you were entitled to a full Coms & if they employed you to purchase the Cargo (which I expected they would) I did not think you would charge any Coms at all – for if I had not in the first place agreed with those men they would not have gone round in the Ship & consequently the Ship would have got no frt at Norfolk & you of course would not of had the procuring of the Cargo – with this view of the subject I can’t but think if you give it a moments reflection you will think with me, that you are not entitled to a full Coms – I am always very free to pay a Coms on a frt that any House may procure me - but if they do not or are not the means of procuring the frt I cannot conceive that they are entitled to it –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                2 mo 14 1816

 

                                    Your favr of the 10 Inst I have duly recd together with the quills & pipes – your observations respecting the Coms is very satisfactory – it did not occur to me that you did

118

not procure any frt for the Ship – I should much prefer your charging the Coms on the disbursements than not – I should prefer your re-transfering the George & Susan Balance say $939.85 to her acct & discharging her with the Drfts from Norfolk as likewise to place every thing that belongs to her to New Acct until you close the Sales of her goods which you will likewise place to her Cr & the final balance you will please place to my A/C – you will please give me the items of the charge of Custom House expenses for the George & Susan – please say what will be the probable Amot of the goods in your hands of the George & Susan I mean the whole including what is sold –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                3 mo 14 1816

 

                                    Annex’d I hand you my two Drfts on Hicks Jenkins & Co for $500 each which you will please dispose of on the best terms & place the same to my acct – I have drawn this in two drfts thinking they might sell better – I shall have occation to draw very soon on the acct of the same – please say what Salt of different kinds will probably be worth this Spring with you  I am expecting two Cargos – what will Liverpool & Hamburg - 

I am &

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                         3 mo 14 1816

 

                                    I have this day drawn on you in favour of Josiah Bradlee & Co two drfts of $500 each which you will please accept & place to my acct. this sum I expect will balance my acct with you –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             3 mo 19 1816

 

                                    Since writing you on the 4th of 1st Month I have your several esteemed favours of the 11 – 12 mo 9 & 29 1815 & 1 m 6 1816 the former covering the Howlands accts which appear correct

119

as stated – if the allowance made on acct of damaged tobacco had been deducted from her frt before the Coms had been calculated – I thought it would have look’d as well in the accts – I find by a letter from Capt Kempton that the Ann Alexander was at Liverpool 1 mo 16 waiting an opportunity to get into dock – I hope she was not long detain’d I am much disappointed at the prospects of the prices of Staves & Tar at Liverpool – I must again call your attention particularly to my letters of 5 mo 29 & 6 mo 10 1815 & hope I shall not have again to do it, it aught & must be attended too – You will have the goodness to forward the inclosed letter to Capt David Leslie of the George & Susan

I am &

 

To Cap David Leslie                                         3 mo 19 1816

 

                                    I have nothing new to communicate things remain about as when thee left – excepting business being  so dull for Vessells as can be – nothing doing in freights at any place – I have been wating some time with an expectation that something would be decided respecting the new duties – but nothing further has been done as yet but to fix that 4 [?1/2] pCt should be added to the old duties after the 30 of June – unless the new Tariff should be fix’d before the [?] of Congress – I have thought it would be best not to pay any attention to the duties but to come immediately into this port on thy arrival on the

Cost – with a manifest as bound to New York – so that if it then should be best, thee could proceed to Sea again & wate for the time of the new duties to take place (provided thee should arrive before the 30th of June) & then return into Port again – therefore thee will not pay any delay thy arrival here a moment on acct of the duties –

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                        5 mo 25 1816

 

                                    Since writing you on the 11th of 2d Month last I have not recd any of your favours to reply to – I feel very anctious to have my business settled with Richard Blow & have been

120

anctiously expecting for some time to have something favourable from you on the subject will you be so good as to let me know on what ground a settlement is delayed & the real situation of the business & your judgment on the steps best to be taken to produce a settlement with him – your attention to this business will greatly oblige your etc

 

To James H Allen                                             7 mo 4 1816

 

                                    The Ann Alexander is now ready for Sea thyself Master – thee will proceed with all possible dispatch for Bermuda Hundreds with the Ship & proceed theyself to Richmond to call on Alexander Sharp to whom the Ship is addressed – who has or will endeavour to procure business for the Ship – should he have no business engauged for her thee may allow a Coms to Ludlam & Allen or any other House that will give thee or procure thee a frt – thee will state this to Sharp on thy arrival at Richmond – that thee is at liberty to give a Coms to any other House if they can give thee business before he can – I shall write thee particularly how to proceed on the Voyage when I  know where thee may get a frt for – I wish thee to do the best thee can with the Salt & let as little expense attend geting up to Richmond as possible – thee will use as much dispatch in all thy business as in practicable with [?pruder]

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                7 mo 11 1816

 

                                    Your favour of the 11th Inst is duly recd – I shall be much obliged by your paying the demand for Neds wages with [?Costs] & $ 55 to W L E[?] for his fave – if its not

121

convenient for you to make the advance I will remit you the Amot – please send me the acct as stated by the Court –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            7 mo 27 1816

 

                                                My drft to John Wood Jr of this date for $15319 you will please pay & place to my acct – I shall be obliged by your delivering to Cap Wood what pipes there are remaining on hand of the George & Susan & sell the [?Vials] & Colone water for what they will bring & let the quills remain on hand until they will sell at a fair price & close the Acct of Sales of the George & Susans Cargo & if practicable send them with her A/C by next opportunity –

I am &

 

To Cap Cornelius  Howland 3rd                                    7 mo 29 1816

 

                                    The Howland is now ready to prodceed to Bermuda Hundreds thyself Master – thee will on thy arrival at Bermuda Hundreds proceed thyself for Richmond & call on Alexander Sharp who will probably have a frt engauged for the Howland – if he has no frt for the Ship thee may accept one from any other House & allow them a Coms for the same - & should it prove to be the case that no frt can be readily procured I should recommend thy returning home thyself  &[?Thos] & leave the Ship under the care of the Mate – it will be well to stay long enough to assertain wheather any business is likely to be procured or not before long – I hope thee will take every care of thyself & crew to prevent any sickness as far as is in thy power – I shall write thee at Richmond – I will remit what may be due Sharp –

I am &

122

 

To Cap James H Allen                          8 mo 1 1816

 

                        I recd thy letter dated at Richmond the 14th Ulto – I recd a letter by last Mail stating that the whole Cargo for the Ann Alexander was engauged & I expect thee may be loaded by the time thee receives this – should thee go to London from Falmouth thee will call on W E & E B Lawrence to assist thee in thy business & if they can procure thee a frt to any port in the United States that they should think advisable to accept thee will take it or if only a part of a frt should offer for New York I think it would be well to take it & ballast the Ship with good Chalk – Should thee go to any port in Ireland thee will get what freight & Passingers thee can for New York or this place should thee get only Passingers I should much prefer thy bringing them to this place as no bonds will be required for their maintainance should they or any of them become chargable – if thee goes to Liverpool & no frt can be procured thee will have the Ship loaded with Com Salt & 500 Bags fine Salt & proceed to this Port – I hope thee will be so successful in Passingers as to be able to make a short Voyage which will bring thee back in time to get another frt before the severity of Winter rolls in – thee will always have in mind that the Ship is in very small business & that it will be necessary to make all the economy & dispatch that is practicable to make her earnings meet the expenses of the Voyage – my frineds at London is W E & E B Lawrence at Cork Harvey Deaver & Co at Belfast H Crasford at Liverpool thee may call

123

on Cropper Benson & Co provided they will attend to thy business & givee the dispatch if they do not thee may employ some other House – should thee discharge at any other port than London thee will remit the balance of the Ships frt out to my Cr with Cropper Benson & Co – if thee discharges at London thee will leave the Ships frt in the hands of Lawrence – thee will write me by the Packet when the leaves Cape Henry –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            8 mo 6 1816

                                    Your favour of the 25 & 27 Ulto are duly recd – the latter covering Sales of 3 Crates of Ware net Amt 1197.38 this sale I am much disappointed in as it is done at a heavy loss – which according to my statement

is as follows –

the Amt of  [?Cart] of Invoice 298.7.8 is 1326.11

                                                Insurance 2 ¼                       29.83

                                                Interest 9 Months                 59.69

                                                                                         1415.67

                                                Difference of money 5pCt    70.78

                                                                                         1486.45

                                                  Amot Npcs of Sales       1197.38

                                                                   Loss             $   289.  7

the George & Susan was to leave Stockholm about the 1 of 6 Month shee will probably be in soon – I should be willing to sell any part or the whole of the Crates their – provided they would sell at a price that would answer –

I am &

 

W E & E B Lawrence                                      8 mo 6 1816

                                    Your several esteemed favours of [blank] have been duly recd – the Ann Alexander is now loading at Richmond with Tobacco for Falmouth & a Market – she may go to London from thence – I have directed Cap Allen in case he should go to London to put his business into your hands – should you be able to procure him any frt back I should like it – if no frt can be procured it will be well to have the Ship balast’d with Chalk & return to this Port –

I am &

124

 

To Cropper  Benson & Co                                                        8 mo 5 1816

 

                                    Your several favours of 2 mo 3, 14 & 24 3 mo 1.14.21 & 25 4 mo 23 & 5 mo 9 1816 are duly recd & note their Content I am sorry to say that the management of the Ann Alexander business while at Liverpool has been such as is very far from being satisfactory – such unprecedented detention & want of attention to her has never to my knowledge been equated – in my letter to you of 10 mo 12 1815 I requested you to make the purchase of 100 Crates of Earthen Ware if they could be procured for her in time with liberty to extend it to 200 Crates if they could be had without causing any detention – I wrote you again 11 m 14 stating when the Ann Alexander left this place & further stated I wished the Ship to have every dispatch possible & that she must not be detained for the Crates (meaning that if the Crates was to be found they must be in time to cause no detention – or not to be procured) – in your letter of 12 m 27 1815 you state your doubts wheather the Crates would be got in time for the Ann Alexander & that the Manufacturers would not undertake to execute any Order before the 2nd Month – still under all these doubts you in the first place ordered the 200 Crates instead of the 100 & in the second place the Ann Alexander did not receive the 150 until the last of the 3rd Mo instead of the 2nd Mo & even at this late date the Order is to be finished & the remaining 50 to be sent by some other Vessell or frt I am fully of the opinion that you would not be willing  to submit my Vessell to such detention & expense to accomodate the Manufacturers unless you were in some way either directly or indirectly interested in marketg this Ware –

125

If I should make a Contract with any manufacturing Co to deliver goods at a specified time I should compele them to bring it at the time or pay the damages – I am very much inclined to think you would do so to –  at least not receive the goods provided you were making the purchase for your own acct – In your letter of 2 m 24 in reply to mine of 1 mo 4 you stated “we hope some of her Crates will be down in time to go by her but as it is thy wish that she should not be detain’d for them we shall dispatch her with the Salt as soon as possible” still she did not sail for more than a month after this – altho you were in possession of this information before the arrival of the Ship at Liverpool – I particularly stated in my letter of 1 m 14 that the Ship must not be detained for the Crates – I would ask your candid judgments wheather you should think the advertizing of the Ann Alexander in your papers to the Amot of £9.3.0 could be to the Interest of her Owners when she was to be loaded wholly on Owners Acct – such unreasonable charge leads one to suspect the motives of the Coms Merchant when they pay the printer by the year – You will please forward me the Board & [?Grors] Bill as chd in the 2nd Disbust of the Ann Alexander – Your observation respecting the ^Deficiency of^ funds I must think is not correct – you may rely upon my remitting the Balance as soon as it shall be assertained what the Balance is – I think the funds for Cork will be in time to meet the Drfts for Stockholm unless they are drawn at a shorter Cr than is usual –

I am &

126

 

To Crocker Bush & Richmond                                     8 mo 7 1816

 

                                    Your favour of the 5th Inst is recd I have concluded to accept your terms for Six Tons of 4o Hoops to pay you in Swedish Iron of 2 ½ Inch wide or an equal proportion of the size of the Cargo which is 2 to 3 Inch including there size of the Cargo at your pleasure – I should be glad to furnish you with any part of this Cargo if it should arrive – which if nothing happens to the Ship she will be here in the course of next week –

I am &

 

To James H Allen                                                         8 m 7 1814

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 1st Inst to which I refer thee for thy government on the Voyage – excepting that the discharges at Liverpool I wish thee to have 500 bags of Corse Salt instead of the fine – should thee discharge at any port in Ireland & thee should be able to procure Specie without much of any loss the will bring the balance home of thy frt home with thee in Specie & if thee should discharge at any port other than Liverpool thee will remit the Balance of thy frt to W E & E B Lawrence London if Specie cannot be had without loss & thee discharges at Liverpool thee will leave the balance with Cropper Benson & Co should there be any –

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                         9 m 5 1816

 

                        I have this moment recd thy [?] of the 29 Uto  & am sorry to find thee has engauged the Howland for Bremen at so low a rate, considering the lateness of the Season – I had much rather go to London

127

at the same rate or ever far less than to go to Bremen at the time the Howland will probably get there – It will be owing altogether to good fortune if she gets out of the [?Wearer] this fall if she gets into it – as thou hast engauged her for Bremer thee will use thy very greatest exertion to get her full & get her to Sea with the greatest possible dipatch that can be –

            I had rather not put in any Stems [tobacco] to make up the Ships Cargo – I should like to have the [?] of 20 or 30 hhds of Stems stowed in Bulk with the Cargo – the ship will make so little freight that thee must exert thyself to fill her up & no doubt thee will – I shall wish to ship the Salt Crates & Iron to meet the Disbursements of the Ship & for the rest of the Stems – thee did not mention the price of Stems – therefore I am not able to judge the possibility of shipping at all – If they should be high perhaps it will be well not to ship any – my Brother is a few miles out of Town I shall see him in the morning – I shall send him immediately on – he can meet the Ship at Hampton if not before – I must strongly solicit thy greatest exertion in dispatching the Howland, as it will be attended with bad consequences should she be late in the North Sea – I know of several ships that sail’d even in this month to have to winter in Bremen –

I am &

 

Dear Brother                                        9 mo 7 1816

 

                                    Thee will take charge of the Ship Howland & proceed with her with every possible dispatch for Bremen & their deliver her Cargo to the consignure & call on any House thee may think proper to assist

128

thee in the Business W H Miller of Alexandria & A G [?Kubookamp] has been named to me as suitable Houses – thee will remit the Balance of the frt to WE & EB Lawrence London – I shall write to my frds at Liverpool & London to advise thee what can be done at those places – thee will use thy own judgment wheather it will be best to go to either of those places or go to St [?Ubes] for Salt – should thee get a Cargo of Salt at either Liverpool or St [?Ubes] it will be all important that thee should arrive here or in Virginia by the last of 3rd Month – if thee gets Salt at Liverpool it will be best to get Coarse – I wish thee a pleasant Voyage & safe return

I am &

 

To James H Allen                                             9 mo 15 1816

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 17th Ulto since which I have noticed thy having been spoken with on the 1st of this month – should thee discharge at Liverpool I wish thee to buy on Ships Acct 15 Try pots such as is used for our Whale Ships of about 90 Gallon each – I wish them to be of the same kind that Cropper Benson & Co has shipd S[?Samuel] Rodman – or if thee should discharge at any other port where the Pots can be had of the wright kind I wish thee to bring them – thee can be able to know which is the kind by inquiring of Cropper Benson & Co – thee will be very particular to get the wright kind – I do not wish the Ship detained for them –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 9 mo 15 1816

 

                                    Please forward the inclosed letter to Cap Allen of the Ann Alexander – the Ship Howland Cap Cornelius Howland is about ready to sail from Richmond for Bremen – I should be much obliged by your advising him at Bremen what can be done in procuring business for the Howland at London – of any frt of

129

any consequence could be had he would stop at London on his return –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             9 mo 15 1816

 

                                    The Ann Alexander sail’d last Month from Richmond for Falmouth for Orders to proceed to one other Port in England or Ireland – you will please forward the enclosed letter to Capt Allen – the Ship Howland Capt Cornelius Howland is about ready to sail from Richmond for Bremen – its not likely he will be able to procure any reutrn frt from thence – please advise him at Bremen what can be done at Liverpool – wheather he would be likely to get any frt for the United States –

I am &

 

To Harvey Sons & Deaves                               9 mo 15 1816

 

                                    I shall be much obliged by your advising Cap Cornelius Howland of Ship Howland at Bremen what business you could procure him at Cork either frt or Passingers I have directed him to stop at Cork on his return from Bremen should you hold out sufficient encouragement – the Howland is 360 Tons a fine Ship this is her 4th Voyage – she will probably sail about the 20th Inst –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            9 m 17 1816

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your purchasing at your leisure or when it can be done to the best advantage with in 1 month, at auction or private Sale – 100 to 200 Sheets 28 oz 200 Sheets 26 oz 100 Do 24 & 100 Do 22 oz Copper of good quality & 3 Cwt of 2 Inch & 3 Cwt of 1 ½  Inch Nails suitable for the same – If convenient please send me $500 in [?charges] should Cap Godfrey be at New York you will send it by him –

I am &

130

 

To Hicks Jenkins & Co                                                             9 mo 26 1816

 

                                    Your favour of the 2nd Inst with your A/C annexed has been duly recd – you will by refering to the Copy of your letter to me of 7 m 19 1815 perceive that your charge of Coms on Exchange of $14.83 is not correct – this being corrected will make the balance due you to be 117.48 which you will please notice if this balance should be found correct by you –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                                                    10 mo 15 1816

 

                                    Yours of the 12th Inst I have this eve recd & note its contents – if you can sell any quantity not exceeding 100 Tons on the terms you mention to the Philadelphians you are at liberty to do it – say 85 Dls per Ton 6 Mo to be delivered here on 87 ½ to 89 deliverable at Philadelphia payable in New York you will please send the [?bagging] by first conveyance the kind at 28¢ - our Iron is from 1 ¾ to 3 Inch flats & 50 Tons square 7/8 to 1 ¼ Inch please say what you could sell the square at we have about 60 Tons of that Iron for 2 to 3 Inch by ¾ thick this kind will suit the sourthern market best –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                           10 mo 26 1816

 

                                    Your favours of the 24 & 25 Inst with $4000 in Treasury Notes exclusive of Interest I have recd – annexed I hand you our Cashiers Check for $15000 which you will place to my Credit – you will continue purchasing Treasury Notes to the Amot of $20000 if it can be done to advantage – please say what Exchange on London is worth & wheather it is expected to rise or fall – If the Sloop Romeo has not left Boston

131

please send me a [?tucver] or hhd of good Molasses – you will please continue to send the Treasury Notes by private conveyances

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                            11 mo 6 1816

 

                                    Annex’d I hand you J R [? Joseph Rotch] Check for Ten Thousand Dollard for the purpose of purchasing Treasury Notes which you will please place to my Ct

I am &

 

To Cropper Bush & Richmond                         11 m 12 1816

 

                                    I have put on board of Capt Godfry 33 Tons of Iron 1806 Bars this day which hope you will find correct – you will please send me 1 Ton Nails of of an assortment & remainder in hoops 2 Tons of which to be 3d the remainder 4d for the balance – I have recd from Capt Godfrey 6 Tons 4d hoops excepting 1 bundle Capt Godfrey’s acct made them just 6 Tons I have put them all by themselves & when delivered out I can assertain the exact quantity & 77 bundles of 2d hoops, some of which is so very narrow I fear they will not answer our purpose – some of the hoops of the first bundle proved so [?haned] as to render them unfit for use –

I am &

 

To Blackwell & McFarlan                                            11 mo 20 1816

 

                                                Your letter of the 18th Inst I have this evening recd – I will furnish you the quantity of Iron say 50 Tons or more at $82 ½ 8 Mo provided the sizes I have will answer – I can forward the 10 Tons of 1 ¼ / 1 1/8 square & from 16 to 20 Tons of 1 ½ & 1 ¾ by 3/8 thick, mostly 1 ¾ - & any further quantity you may wish from the sizes of 2, 2 ¼ , 2 ½ & 3 Inch by 3/8 & 6/8  thick – as I have sold a considerable part of this quantity cargo of Iron without much regard to sizes, I can’t tell the

132

quantity of each kind I have now on hand – I will forard ^such as^ you may conclude to take by the very first conveyance –                                   

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland & Son                                            12 mo 11 1816

 

                                    Your favour of the 17 Ult I have duly recd & note the Sale of the Iron & should have been glad to have been advised of the sale of the Crates likewise  - I should like to have the Crates sold if they should not bring more than 8[? 5 pCt] – I hope you were able to induce Cap Soule to take some staves for my acct – If Flour should be $12 or under I should like to have 50 Bls purchased for my acct

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                         12 mo 1 1816

 

                        Thy letters of the 13, 16, 19 & 22 Ulto I have duly recd & note their contents – I did expect the Iron would have brought 95 Dollars or more – I should have been glad to have known occationally how the Salt gets along but I think in all thy communications thee has not mentioned whether one bag or more was sold – I will aprise thee I am not satisfied with thy not having purchased me the Flour as requested before it should have risen so as it has – thee advised me thee would purchase the Flour when ever it appeared likely it would rise, as I was satifsfied that would be the case – had I of had the least Idea but thee would have made the purchase in season I should have employed some other House who would have been glad to have made the purchase by thy advising me thee would purchase the Flour thee must

133

be accountable for the difference in the Cost as it prevented my having the Flour purchased by some other agent –

I am &

 

To Blackwell & Mc Farlan                               12 mo 3 1816

 

                                    I have shipd you by the Sloop John Adams Capt Robert Gibbs 50 Tons Iron as annex’d this Iron is divided in two parcells as you directed & hope it will meet your expectations – I inclose Capt Gibbs bills lading – I am &

 

            To 1 parcell of Iron in the bottom of the Sloop 1370 bar 25.2.0.22

                  2    “                       in top -----                     1339 bar 25.2.1.   8

                                                                                                      50.4. 2.   0

                                                                                                @$82.50 $4147.56

 

To John Earle                                                   12 mo 8 1816

 

                        Thy letter of the 25th of 10 Month I duly recd & note its contents – I should like to have the Farm sold provided thee can procure what thee should think it is worth – should thee dispose of it on the terms thee has mentioned it will be necessary to have a security on the Farm for the payments – please inform me wheather the money could be laid out in [?Newlards] to advantage –

I am &

 

To Ludlam & Allen                                           12 mo 15 1816

 

                                    Your favour of the 22 Ulto & 5nd Inst has been duly recd – I shall in the course of a few days ship you from 30 to 40 Tons of Iron – from 15 to 20 of which will be sheet Iron some square etc - which I hope you will be able to sell to good advantage – I hope you will meet with a sale for the Salt – I wish you to purchase me 50 Bls Sfine flour on the Ct of this [?house] when you can do it to best advantage as to price etc – if ½ of the flour was fine it will suit us well – I am expecting the Ann Alexander daily & hope business will revive with you in frtg business –

I am &

134

 

To Robert Brayton                                           12 mo 27 1816

 

                        Thy favr of the 22 Inst I have recd & note thy terms for Casks which is a little too high – I should be willing to give thee $1,75 pbl [?per barrel] with the priviledge of taking from 600 to 860 bls as we may want & furnish thee with 6 Tons of hoops of such size as the may direct, & Cash for the Balance when then the Casks are deld I furnished J Winstow with 620 bl at 1.75 pCt 6 Month Ct & should be well satisfied to get as good Casks as those were – I have several men making Casks for me – they will not cost me much over 1/50 bl –

I am &

 

To Blackwell & McFarlan                                12 m 28 1816

 

                                    Your favr of the 24th Inst with the two Notes Annexed has been duly recd – you offer for 1 ¾ Inch Iron cannot be accepted as I have but a few Tons that is under 2 ¼ Inch & none less than 2 Inch – I have about 70 Tons of Iron that is from 2 to 3 Inch wide & from 1/8 to 5/8 thick & about 25 Tons of square Iron that is from 7/8 to 1 Inch & some may be 1 1/8 Inch – the flat Iron is mostly 2 ¼ / 2 ½ wide 1/8 & ½ thick any part of this Iron I will sell you at 85 & 8 Month & deliver it at New York – I have had some sold in NewYork since I sold you the parcel by Cap Gibbs at $85 – 6 Months – I have this day put about 8 Tons aboard the Sloop ] (all she would take)  for NewYork which you can have at the $85 together with as much more as you may order of such sizes as I have – I shall direct direct Capt Wood of the Sloop [?Boston] to call on you respecting the Iron he has & to deliver it to you should you conclude to take it –

I am &

 

To John Earle                                       12 m 29 1816

 

                                    I recd a letter from P [?Perry] Howland of Scipio stating that Brother Josh was owing him & that he was to have received the money from thee by Jos direction, but thee had stated to

135

to him that thee has not a sufficient Amt in thy hands to pay him & by his not receiving the money is like to be a great damage to him – I have questiond Jos respecting the business, he says he left Claims in thy hands of sufficient amt to meet every demand against him & to spare if this is the case & it should not be collected thee will please have enough collected to satisfy & [?H] demand if it can be done – should this statement of Jos be incorrect thee will the goodness to state to me the standing of his affairs with you & likewise if there is any thing in the way of his having a Certificate for himself  [??]

I am &

 

 

To Fish & Grinell                                              12 m 29 1816

 

                                    I have an offer from Blackwell & McFarland for Iron which I have not accepted but have made them an offer which if they do not accept, Capt Wood will deliver you 350 Bars of Iron from 2 to 3 Inch wide about 8 Tons which you will please sell from the Vessell if [?]  -

I am &

 

To Blackwell & McFarlan                                1 mo 12 1816

 

                                    Your favr of the 7th Inst with your Note annexed for $713.48 for the Iron by Cap Wood is recd – I have concluded to send you 40 Tons of Swedish Iron of such sizes as I have say 2 ¼ & 2 ½ wide mostly (some a little less & some a little more) by the first conveyance  - I shall weight it out in two parcells for your selves 1 [??P?& Brothers ] –

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                          1 m 10 1816

 

                                    Thy several letters has been duly recd & Note their contents – the language of someparts of them is such as I should not have expected to have recd from a person of thy age & is such as will not tend to [?iniviare] thy Brothers Correspondents – I did write thee nearly one Month since by Capt [?Howland] of the [?Traveller] & requested thee

136

would deliver him the 100 Bl Flour purchased for my acct – thee will sell the remainder of my Salt & make me a statement of my acct with thee when I will forward thee the balance that may be due immediately – I did expect the Salt & Iron would balance my acct with thee including the Flour – it has been the custom with those I have ever done business to make purhases to the full Amot & even more than the Amot of property placed in their hands for Sale – the statements in thy letter of the 2nd Inst is too mean to be uttered by any Man

I am &

 

To Blackwell & McFarlan                                1 mo 16 1817

 

                                    I have ship’d you by Capt Wood of the Sloop [?Boston] 40 Tons of Iron as at foot & bill of lading inclosed which you will please secure & forward me your Note for the same

                                                                                                [?]

In the Bottom of the Sloop 884 Bars – 20.0.3. 4

    on the top     - - - -          872 Bars -  20.0.2.22

                                                              40.1.2.26 @ 85$ - 3406.29

 

                                                                        I am &                                                

 

To Ludlam & Allen                                           1 mo 15 1817

 

                                    I hope the Traveller has arrived with you before this & that you will be able to make a ready sale of the Iron by her – I wish you to purchase me Two hundred Bls of Sfine & fine Flour half each & put it into [?Stoe]  -

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 1 mo 22 1817

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of the 15th of July to the 30th of October havs been duly recd as likewise your Circular of 17th of July advising of your having established a House at Liverpool under the firm of L W & [?Lawer] has been duly recd & am pleased with the establishment & shall give it my support –

137

I have likewise recd Lawrence [?Walter] & Lawrence Circular – [?] of this [?an] dute with yours for your attention to the ship Ann Alexander – I am obliged – I have just heard of the Howland being at Cowes with the loss of Boats, Sails etc. I hope soon to have letter advising the particular of her situation, you will have rendered Capt Howland with such assistance as he may stand in of to enable him to dispatch her business to [?] his Voyage – I am daily expecting the Ann Alexander –

I am &

 

To Harvey Sons & Deaves                                                       1 mo 22 1817

 

                        Your several favours of 5 mo 14, 7 m 25 8 m 26 & 9 m 20 1816 have been duly recd & fully noted their contents Your Acct with the Gentlemen at Cork appears Correct & likewise at Kinsale expecting a charge of Coms on the Amot of Cargo of which charge I consider it very improper & unjustifiable one & one made without principle, it is what I can never be satisfied with – so if the Ship had but a Cargo worth a Millon of Dollars on the same principle you would have charge $25000 Coms which would have been double the Value of the Ship – the only way we can find the justice of a Coms ^charge of this kind is^ to take on ^an^ extreme a just charge will always stand good in every extreme - 

I am &

 

To D Erskine & Co (Stockholm)                                   1 mo 22 1817

 

                                                Your favr of the 31st May 1816 with the Invoice bill of Lading of the George & Susan Cargo & Cap David Leslie[?R] has been duly recd – all of which appear correct – Capt  Leslie had the misfortune to meet with a heavy gale of Winds at Sea which caused the Ship to leak so bad as to oblige him to put into Kinsale to repair – this circumstance opperated much against the Voyage as it made the Ship two month later home than she would

138

have been had she not have met with this accident – her Cargo was tollerable asserted but not exactly agreeable to order – I some expect sending a Small Ship the Ann Alexander to Stockholm for a Cargo of Iron in the course of this Season – she will bring about 225 Tons or 250 Tons – I shall want about 100 Tons of her Cargo to be 2 Inch wide by ¾ of a Inch thick handsomely drawn the remander for 1 ¾ to 2 ¾ wide by 3/8, 4/8 & 5/8 thick likewise handsomely drawn – I shall do myself this pleasure again^as^ soon as I fix on send the Ann Alexander to Stockholm this Ship is daily expected from Dublin –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             1 mo 22 1817

 

                                    Your several favours of 5 mo 14, 6 m 15 & 20 7 m 16 & 29 - 8 mo 16, 17 & 21 – 9 mo 17 & 10 mo 14 1816 have been duly recd- & Note their contents & would have long since been replyed to had it not been for the many unsatisfactory circumstances current taken place ^remain unsettled^ in our business & my having had ↑repeatedly↓ requested ↑to↓ you from time to time respecting ↑to attend to th↓ them without any kind of satisfaction from you, a number of bills & Acts of Disbt have been requested which prevent settlements with other Accts, have been withheld – your A/C done under date of 8 m 14 1816 has been duly recd, in which acct I find a charge of  £54.16 for half Coms on the George & Susan Cargo, this charge is what I could not have expected – the only motive I had in requesting you to direct the purchase of the Cargo was that you could select the best Part for the price of Iron either at Gottenberg or Stockholm as you must be in much later information than what I could & for this house I requested you to employ your friend to make the purchases, which would probably give you some advantage, & that it would not [?]

139

your trouble wheather you give the Order with the Credit for the Cargo or give the Credit alone – I think you will not consider yourselves intitled to this coms when you reflect on the subject – your fav of [?5 mnth] ↑which↓advises of having ship from the [?W] 53 Crates of Ware for my act ^has also been recd^ - how can this be ^number of Crates be shipped to my act^ when there was no such number↑of Crateswanted Ordered & this parcell ship’d by a Ship taken up by your selves at a much lower rate of Charter than what the ^note of^ freight Amt to charge for those Crates, this looks like being a little ↑[?]↓as my seggestions to you in my letter of 8 m 5 1816, & which you reply to under date of 9 m 26 & state that I must have written you “in a moment of irritation” which I can assure you was not the case but far otherwise it was written after mature deliberation & all I can say is, if I have missplaced your the motives ↑by↓ which you were actuated, I regret it, but still I shall ever think you had motive (either selfish or otherwise) other than the promotion of my Interest – I am ready to settle my acct with you at any time when it can be done justly & as it ought to be –

I am &

 

To Ludlum & Allen                                           1 m 26 1817

 

                        Your favr of the 18 Inst I recd last evening I notice your intention of Shipping me 50 bl Flour, should this be the case, you will not purchase me more than 100 Bl more unless you may have done it before the receipt of this – I should prefer your [?] at 60 days, & then drawing on me at the end of that time for what you may think proper –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                            2 m 15 1817

 

                                    Your favr of  [?6th] Inst with the George & Susan papers, as likewise the T [?Treasury] Notes have been recd – Inclosed I hand you Check  on W.E. [?Rotch]

for $750 which you will place to my Ct – I shall be obliged by your sending me 3 Re [?Shg] Paper by first water Conveyance –

I am &

140

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            2 mo 23 1817

 

                                    Yours of the 13th Inst I have recd – I should be very glad to sell the 100 Crates in question, if a priced that would cover cost & charges could be obtained, this Ware is in good order it was all taken carfully Crate by Crate from the ship & put into Father Johns Store & then carefully stow’d on the lower floor where they now remain – I have sold 4 Crates at 24, 45, 51 & 59 they were opened here without any breakage excepting a piece or so in a Crate

            As this Invoice can be almost exactly divided & each 50 Crates have the same kind of Ware – I should be willing to have it divided & for you to sell 50 Crates on the best terms you can & the remainder to remain awhile longer for a better Market, unless you could obtain 35 or 40 pCt [?adv] on the whole Invoice, in which case you may sell the whole –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland & Son                                2 m 12 1817

 

                        I find that Earthen Ware is geting in more demand in New York in consequence of no importation of that article for some time – I hope the same reasons will opporate in your market so as to enable you to dispose of the few Crates you have for my acct – you had better I think dispose of them this Spring on the best terms you can before many may arrive in the Spring – you will please render A/S of the Iron by it self – as there is different interest in the Iron & Crates –

I am &

 

To Ludlam & Allen                               2 m 23 1817

 

                                    Your fav of the 8 & 15th  Inst I have duly recd – I wish you to shift the Salt into larger bags if you think it to my Interest & sell the Salt as soon as may be – I have about 3000 [?bu] of Cape Verde Salt – please say wheather it would sell with you this Spring – If Sharp refuses to deliver the 100lbs Flour for my

141

Acct you will please purchase me 1000 lbs either fine or Sfine & put it in Store I should prefer fine – I presume you have not ship’d me by the Traveller the fine & x bread flour I requested in my last – you will please ship it by first conveyance – I have sold all the flat Iron I have on hand –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            4 m 4 1817

 

                        I have this day agreed with William Rotch & Sons to load the Ann Alexander with Oil for Europe – you will please send her on as soon as possible – it will be best for her to come out side of Long Island – I wish you to send by her 20 or 30 Tons of [? du Woods] 20 hhds Tobacco Stems if they can be purchased at from 2 ½ to 3 ½ Cts per [?] – if this quantity cannot be had you may add a few hhds of Richmond Tobacco if it can be done at 6 to 8 Cts per [?] – not exceeding 20 hhds of boath kinds – 30 Bls P Pork – 2 Boxes quills – Flour for the Southd – 1 [?] hemp – 2 Bls B Sugar – 2 [?] New England Rum – ¼ Chest B Tea -  1 Bag Coffee – 8 pc 1 [?] Duck – Beans & Pease –

I am &

 

To Alexander Sharp                                         4 mo 7 1817

 

                        Since my return from New York I have thy letter of the 20 Ulto with the Accts inclosed – thy acct stands with me as at foot – I paid Martin Fish & Co of Norfolk the Coms on the whole of the Ann Alexander frt at the time – thy Claim of Coms rests on them – If thou intended for me to have paid, the should have exhibited the acct at the time – thee will please deliver the 93 Sacks of Salt to Ludham & Allen – I am &

 

                                    Amo Balance as stated by thee 1775.97

                    Less Ship Ann Alexander acct of Coms       32   7

                                                                                      1743.90

                                    Amo Sales of Iron                     1698.36

                                                                                          45.54

                        less Ship Ann Alexander acct                        10

                                                            due the Ship        $45.44

142

 

To Ludlam & Allen                                           4 mo 7 1817

 

                                    Since my return from New York I have recd my accts from Alexander Sharp – he states having 93 Salt Salt 4 ½ bu each which I have directed him to deliver to you, which you will please receive from him – by his statement of my acct he makes $45.44 due him – he has made many charges that I did not expect – you will please proceed with him for the difference of the purchase & Sale of the 100 Bls Flour in question – I have engaged to take a frt of Oil for the Ann Alexander from this place – provided she should not be enguaged at New York – you will please close the Sale of Salt boath [?paress] may be rendered in Sales by it self – the Salt & Iron are different Interests – I shall expect the Howland by the first of next month – I hope you will be able to something handsom for her.

I am &

 

To Lazell Perkins & Co                         4 mo 7 1817

 

                                    Your fav of the 26 Ulto I have recd – I shall be very much obliged by receiving 1 Ton of 3d  hoops  this week – as I did borrow from William Rotch & Sons ½ Ton sometime last month & promised they should be returned soon – as I at that time was expecting some from you daily – this circumstance I forgot to mention to your Lazell when here last week – you will oblige me much by attending to this request – the hoops are wanted for [? ? ?] 

I am &

 

To E & A Winchester                           4 m 12 1817

 

                                    Please inform me what your terms would be for 30 or 40 Bls No 1 Beef suitable for a Whale Voyage & 1 [? ?] Beef  suitable for Family use –

I am &

143

 

To Thomas H Howland                                                4 mo 12 1817

 

                                    Thy letter of the 4th Ulto I duly recd – I shall be obliged by thy informing me how much of the Iron & Salt is Sold & at what time & the Credit – Please inform me wheather thee has any prospect of closing the Sales of the Iron soon & likewise the Salt –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            4 mo 21 1817

 

                                    Your favr of the 9, 11 & 18 Inst I have duly recd, with the articles therein mentioned – you will please charge all the expenses on both parcells of Flour to the George & Susan – as likewise the Staves you sent by the Ann Alexander – I shall be obliged by your sending me 1 pc Russian Duck of same quality as the last – will you have the goodness to send me for the George & Susan 1 large brass [?hon] Cask, 2 [?ladles] either Copper or Iron the sockets can be fitted here & 2 Midling size grindstones, neither of these articles can be had here & one Coopers bung [?boaves] – the inclosed bill is due for the Ann Alexander for the Capt & Mates board – you will please pay it – you will please place the proceeds of the Sale of  Crates to the Ct of the Ann Alexander –

I am &

 

To E & L Foster                                               4 m 21 1817

 

                        Annexed I hand you the Ships acct & your A/C balance in your favr of $151.94 which I will forward you by Mail or any other way you please to direct – I should have sent you to Accts some time since had my business admitted

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland & Son                                            4 m 24 1817

 

                                    Your esteemed fav of 8th  March was duly recd – the Amot of the Sales of Iron you will please remit me when collected after deducting the Amt of Flour sent by Cap [?Sole] – I have just received a small remittance from LC by JEC – it was done by placing to the Ct of the Cashier of LBB Baxter at the BB [?Boston Bank] [?on Balance]

144

& forwarding a Certificate for the Amt etc – the Cashier will pay the sum at the Bank in Boston – you will please remit me in this way if practicable – I have money to pay in Boston next month it will accomodate me to receive it there –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             5 mo 2 1817

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of the 21st Novr 11 & 24 Decr & 17 Feby have been duly recd – they advising of having paid £233 7 9 for acct of the Howlands expenses at Cowes likewise of having recd remittance from Dublin for acct of the Ann Alexander of £572 16 & from Bremen for acct of the Howland of £871 18 – which sums are severally placed to your acct – I have no acct of the Howland since last Winter to Bremen – I hope she will be able to get some frt & passengers from Bremen to New York – the Ann Alexander is here loaded with a Cargo of Oil & some Tobacco & Logwood for Amsterdam she will sail on the 4th Inst if the wind should be favourable, Cornelius S Howland Master – I intend her to go to Stockholm for a Cargo of Iron, should she arrive safe at her port of Discharge destination – I shall be much obliged by your opening a Credit to D Erskine & Co of Stockholm for a Cargo of Iron of 2 to 250 Tons for the Ann Alexander – I expect that Cap Howland will be able to remit you or place at your disposal about £1250 Stg from the proceeds of her frt & Cargo he has on owners acct – my Brothers  [in law] John & James Howland have directed about £300 to be placed in your hands to their purpose which will make in the whole about £2700 – should this sum be insufficient or any dimination should take place in the estimate of the funds – you may rely upon a prompt attention &

145

you immediately reimbursed to the full amot – John & James Howland are ¼ invested in boath Ship & Cargo – you will please advice Capt Howland at Amsterdam wheather you do provide for his Cargo at Stockholm – since writing the above I have purchased the inclosed bill of Exchange for £230 of Capt Geo Hatch on Cropper Benson & Co which you will please receive & place to my Credit – you will please advise Capt Hatch at Amsterdam with respect to his remitting you his frt & proceeds of Tobacco & Logwood –

I am &

 

To  D Erskine & Co                                          5 mo 3 1817

 

                                    Your esteemd favour of the 12th Novr has been duly recd – the Ship Ann Alexander Capt Cornelius L Howland is now loaded with a Cargo of Oil Tobacco & Logwood bound for Amsterdam from thence she will proceed for Stockholm for a Cargo of Iron, the description & sizes will be given to Capt Howland by which you will please be foverned – you will give the Ship every dispatch that is possible – my friends W E & E B Lawrence of London I have written to open a Credit for the Cargo – the ship will take about 250 Tons by your prompt attention to give the Ship dispatch may make much to my advantage in the Sale of the Cargo here by arriving early –

I am &

 

To Capt Cornelius S Howland                                      5 mo 3, 1817

 

                                    The Ship Ann Alexander is now loaded for Amsterdam thyself Master, thou will embarce the first fair wind for that port – on thy arrival thee will deliver thee will deliver the Oil to them to whom it is addressed – I shall not address the Ship & What Cargo we have onboard to any House – shall leave it to thy discretion to make use of the same House the Oil goes to or some other – If the House

145

that J Arnold addresses the Cargo to would assist thee in thy business for the Commission on the Sales of the Tobacco & Logwood & not charge any Coms on the Amot of Freight it will be well to employ the same House – as they may be induced to give the greater dispatch by it – I have requested  W E & E B Lawrence of London to advise thee respecting thy going to Stockholm as likewise to advise thee respecting  remitting them the Amot of the frt out & the proceeds of the Tobacco & Logwood, I wish the whole remitted to them or placed as they may direct – should thee proceed to Stockholm for a Cargo of Iron thee will call on D Erskine & Co for a Cargo of Iron if they can give as much dispatch as any other House – I hand thee herewith a letter for D Erskine & Co which thee will take with thee & hand to them thyself – the letter for W E & E B Lawrence thee will please forward to them immediately on thy arrival at Amsterdam – should thee fall in with any boats off Dover thee will write a line to W E & E B Lawrence London & advise them of thy geting along & inclose them my letter – at foot I give thee the kind of Iron I wish procured & wish a strict attention paid to the assortment & see that it corresponds with the memorandum – on thy return thee will have thy Manifest of Iron made out & consigned to me at New York, but proceed to this port – should anything unforseen turn up to prevent thy going for Iron, thee will get what freight & passengers at Amsterdam thee can & return to the United States – wishing thee a pleasant Voyage –

I am &

 

Memorandum of Iron to be loaded onboard the Ann

Alexander at Stockholm

 

            75 Tons of 2 Inch Iron ¾ of an Inch think & some 1 Inch

                        thick [?suantly] drawn suitable for waggon tires –

147

25 – 25 Tons 2 ¾ Inch by 3/8 4/8 & 5/8 of an Inch thick

25    50 Tons 2 ½ Inch by Ditto -----

25    25 Tons 2 ¼ Inch by 3/8 & 4/8

25    20 Tons – 2 Inch by – Ditto

25    20 Tons    1 ¾ Inch by – Ditto

15    15  Tons   3 Inch by 3/8 4/8 & 5/8

25    10 Tons    1 ½ Inch by 3/8 & 4/8  }

10    10 Tons     2 Inch squre [?]            }If any of the Iron is omitted

            it may be the two last parcells

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             5 m 5 1817

 

                                                I wrote you on the 2nd Inst – I neglected to mention to you that the Ann Alexander frt was payable in Spanish Dollars at Amsterdam – you will please advise Capt Howland wheather he can do any better with them in Stockholm than to take bills, if he can – he had better take them with him –

I am &

 

To Cap George Randall                                                5 m 21 1817

 

                                    Thou art Master of the George & Susan now ready & bound on a Whaling Voyage I recommend thy proceeding by the way of the Western Islands Cape Verde & procure what Oil thee can & to spend what time thee can to bring the season on the Brazil Banks where we calculate for the thee to make up thy Voyage – should thee not be able to procure more than 1500 or 1700 bls at the close of the season in the Banks, I should prefer thy returning with it to going to the bay to fill the Ship – as thou art better acquainted with the best times in Whaling at the different places pointed out thee will follow thy own judgment in this particular & proceed in the Voyage as shall appear best – wishing thee etc

I am &

 

[There is a logbook available for this voyage.  See Kendall Whaling Museum Collection

Log 960, Reel #147]

 

To Ludlam & Allen                                           6 m 1 1817

 

                                    Since writing you on the 7 of last month I have only yours of the 5th Ulto to reply to – you did not mention

148

wheather you had commenced an action against Alexander Sharp – I hop you have closed the Sales of the Iron & that I shall soon receive A/S of the same – I have a few Tons of thick Iron at Alexandria I think it is mostly from 2 to 2 ¼ wide & ¾ thick, I have written Thomas H Howland to inform you the quantity etc & what it will sell at in Alexandria – If you can do any better with it at Richmond than he can at Alexandria I have directed him to follow your directions in shipping it to you I wish very much to close the Sales of what Iron remains at Richmond & Alexandria as that will close the Cargo – Please send me 10 bu Flouir by way of New York should no opportunity present to ship it direct – please say in what way you can make me a remittance an acct of the Iron when collected without loss –

I am &

 

To Thomas H Howland                                                6 mo 1 1817

 

                        Thy letter of the 21st of 4 Month was duly recd – I should have been glad had thee mentioned what the Salt & Iron would have sold at – If the Iron will not bring $95 or upwards, thee will please inform Ludlam & Allen of Richmond what quantity of Iron thee has remaing, the width of the Iron & what it will sell for at Alexandria – I have written them by this Mail respecting it – thee will please follow their direction in sending it to them or not – I should be glad to have the Salt sold if it can be done at $2,75 or upwards – unless their should be a prospect of doing much better by waiting a little longer –

I am &

 

To Blackwell & McFarlan -                              6 mo 2 1817

 

                                    I have put onboard the Sloop [?Boston] 144 [?] sq Iron 3 ½  Tons – which is all the square Iron I have over 7/8 –

149

which if it suits you, you may receive on the terms you mentioned in your letter of May 1 –

I am &

 

To Ludlam & Allen                                                       8 mo 21 1817

 

                        Your favours of July 9 and Aug 4 with $2442.15 inclosed in United States Notes & Drfts Size $1000 in US Notes $200 Drft on W & G Allen & $642.15 Drft on John A Parker which with $167.91 discounted with H Hathaway makes up the sum of $ 2610.6 - which makes the balance due as for acct Received excepting the Interest on the Drfts etc - please say what was the conclusion respecting the Iron in Thomas H Howlands hands – please forward A/Sales of the Salt as soon as you can close the Sales – I think I mentioned to you sometime since that I had 42 Crates of Liverpool Ware in Baltimore & requested to know wheather they would sell with you – Please say at what time 100 hds of good Stems could be purchased on the best terms –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                8 mo 21 1817

 

                                    Your favr of 7 mo 30 & 15th Inst with A/Sales of Iron has been duly recd – the Amo $245.67 to your debit which is correct excepting their is a small balance error in Amot Freight

            I dont expect the [?Swernl] will answer altho I have not yet offered it Inclosed I hand you Blackwell & McFarlan two Notes dated July 6 1817 for $713.48 at 8 Months & Jany 28 1817 for $1703.33 at 8 Months & JG [?Perron] & Brothers Note dated Jany 28 1717 for $1641.96 at 8 Months – which you will please receive collect & place to my Credit – I am &

 

1 m 6 1817 for   713.48

1 m 28 “           1703.33

1 m 28 “           1641.96

                     $  4048.77 at 6 Month

I am&

150

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             9 mo 20 1817

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of March 13th April 8 & 29 May 8th June 12/20 & July 1-8, 23&30th have been duly recd the latter have just reached me & find that the Ann Alexander had sailed from Amsterdam July [?] for Stockholm which was a little unexpected to me from the tone of your letter as I did not expect you would be able to procure a man suitable to take charge & in deed I should liked quite as well from the unexpected high price of Iron at Stockholm that she had returned home from Amsterdam – your great attention in the Ann Alexander business requires my particular acknowledgment – I deeply regret the accident of Cap Howland – Inclosed I hand you William Rotch & Son  letter to T [?Dol an] & Co directing them to pay you for my Acct any Sum from £500 to £1000 which I hope will cover any advance you may have to make for the Ann Alexander Cargo – I shall be much obliged by you Shipping me from Liverpool Twenty large Try pots for the whaling business to hold about 84 Gallons – the kind that we have been in the habit of using are procured at Colebrook dale foundry – Cropper Benson & Co have shipp’d S[?Samuel] Rodman of this place for many years – you ^will^ have the good to procure & send of the same kind which they have alway ship’d S Rodman - I should like to have One pair of the ^same& moddle that would hold 100 Gls & ship’d at the same time as some of our largest Ships require large Pots – I should to have ↑want the↓ one pair ^ of Pots^ for ↑a↓ sample to assertain wheather they would answer the purpose better than the common kind –

I am &

151

 

To Blackwell & McFarlan                                            10 m 7 1817

 

                                    I am expecting a Cargo of Swedish Iron in the course of 2 weeks of the dimentions as at foot please say wheather it would suit you to have a part or the whole of the Cargo, should it arrive safe - & what would be the probable price delivered at New York – Iron is 25 pCt higher this year in Sweden this year than last & the importation much less consequently the price must be much higher –

I am &

 

To Butts Haywood                                           10 mo 7 1817

            Alexandria

 

                                    I am daily expecting a Cargo of Swedish Iron of the kinds as at foot – please say wheather it would sell with you & what kinds would suit your market best & at what price – I have had a few Tons of thick Iron in the hands of Thomas H Howland of your place until last year sale not yet effected –

I am &

 

To Ludlam & Allen                                           10 mo 7

 

                                    I have your fav of the 30th of August & note its Contents – the Crates of Ware are still at Baltimore without any prospect of Sales – I think I shall direct them here – I shall expect the Ann Alexander in about 2 weeks – please  say whether she would be likely to procure any business with you this Fall & likewise what the prospect is respecting the Sales of Iron – at foot I give you the kinds ordered –

            If I should send the Ann Alexander into the James River I would put in a part of a Cargo if she the remainder could be procured on better terms –

I am &

152

 

To Daniel Howland & Son                                            10 mo 7 1817

 

                                    Your esteemed favours of 17th & 29th Ulto I duly recd – am very sorry the prospect is so small in selling the Liverpool Ware – you will please send it to me by first conveyance – please be particular that it is carefully handled both in geting on board & wher on board the Vessell as it will cause much breakage even with the best of usage in transporting them about so much – in the meantime if you can sell any part of them you will please do it & ship the remainder – Iron will come out so high this year that it cannot be afforded at even $95 but if you will procure this price for any after ours should arrive I would send you such as would suit the market

I am &

 

To Thomas H Howland                                                10 mo 7 1817

 

                                    Thy favr of the 21st Ulto I have recd I am sorry to find that but about 4 Cwt of Iron has been  Sold during the present Year & unless there is a prospect of doing more than this, I had rather have it returned or Ship’d to Richmond where it will sell – of which thee will please advise me as likewise the Salt – both of these articles must be sold soon to prevent the Storage eating them up – I can’t think of Shipping more Iron to Alexandria until I have better evidence that it will sell – please inform me soon wheather thee will be likely to make more rapid sales – if not I must order them to some other market –

I am &

153

 

To Stafford Spencer & Co                                10 mo 7 1817

 

                                    I take the liberty to inform you that I am expecting a Cargo of Swedish Iron in the course of about 2 weeks – of the dimentions as at foot - & should like to furnish you with the same, should you be in want at the time of her arrival or any part of it –

I am &

 

To Crocker Benson & Richmond                                  11 mo 8 1817

 

                        I have put on board of Capt Ingells 45 [?, ? ?] & onboard of Capt Godfry 25 Ton Iron, no other Vessell having as yet appeared for the remainder - by a letter from New York to John A Parker this evening I find that Iron is worth $95 & that some were asking more – I stated to your S Crocker that I expected advice from New York what you would govern my being able to furnish you with a further quantity of Iron that advice has not been recd, but I feel myself at liberty to say, I will furnish you from 50 to 75 Tons more of Iron at 95 per Ton 8  Month without Interest – you will please give me an answer by return Mail –

I am &

 

To Blackwell & McFarlan       

 

                        Your letter of the 12th  Inst was recd last evening – I did the forepart of last week sell all my Iron to within about 30 or 40 Tons at $95 per Ton 8 Months – to be work’d in a Manufactory at Taunton – the Iron I have on hand is 10 Ton 1 ½ Inch & the remainder is 1 ¾ Inch & 2 Inch by ¾ to 1 Inch – which I will sell you at a fair price – the above Iron I expect will bring me more that than what I sold the largest at & should like to be glad to furnish you with it –

I am &

154

 

To Asa Partridge                                              11 mo 30 1817

 

                        Thy letter of the 20th Inst I last evening recd – I have directed Fish & Grinnell to pay thee or thy Order for $150 on thy delivering to them Brig Howlands Note for $259 –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            11 mo 30 1817

 

                        I shall be obliged by your paying Asa Partridge of Sag Harbor $150 on his Order for that Amot on his delivering to you [?W] Howlands Note for $259 - & likewise to pay Martin Fish & Co Dfts to the Amot of about $500 – I have directed them to purchase Staves to finish the loading of Sloop Caroline & draw on you for the Amot – what quantity it will take I cannot tell – I have a small balance at Fredricksburg & directed it vested in Flour & shipd me by the way of New York, should no direct opportunity present – please send it on by the Packet should it come to your care –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland & Son                                            11 mo 30 1817

 

                        Your favour of the 14th Ult I duly recd – I have chartered the Ship Caroline to go to Richmond Norfolk & back to this port – I should be much obliged by your sending the Crates down to Norfolk to the care of Martin Fish & Co to be ship’d by them on board the Caroline – its probable the Caroline will leave here by the middle of the week - & will be in Norfolk in about 2 weeks after – I wish them ship’d by some careful Man that will not handle them roughly – if the Vessel that takes them to Norfolk could keep them out and a few days if the Caroline should not have arrived, it would

155

save some expense to be able to put them immediately on board of her – should you have ship’d them by some other conveyance you will please advise Martin Fish & Co at Norfolk –

I am &

 

To Martin Fish & Co                                        11 mo 30 1817

 

                        I have chartered the Ship Caroline Cap Baker to go to Richmond Norfolk & back to this port she will probable sail by the middle of the week for Richmond with a load of Iron, she will then take some Flour & proceed for Norfolk for Staves & 42 Crates of Ware which I have directed Daniel Howland & Son of Baltr to send down to Norfolk to your care to be reship’d on board the Caroline – should the Caroline not have arrived when the Crates appear & must be landed you will have the goodness to have them put into some handy Store that will save [?trichage] & little handling so as to prevent the Ware being much broken – you will please ship by the Caroline what good Staves it will take to fill her under deck & on deck on my Acct ¾ hhd & ¼ [?] Staves – your Drfts for the Amot on Fish & Grinnell will be accepted – If it should look like a good time when the Caroline leaves here, I may take passage in her – should I not be at Norfolk you will have the goodness to procure the best kind of Staves & to see that the Caroline is filled full in every part I should like to have 3 [?] Pipe Staves if good ones are to be had –

I am &

 

To Ludlam & Allen                               11 mo 30 1817

 

                                    Your favr of 15th Ult was duly recd I have chartered the Ship Caroline to go to Richmond Norfolk

[2 blank pages]

 

156

 

& back to this port – she will load with Iron principally, some for John A Parker, some for William Rotch & Sons, & myself about 10 or 15 Tons, she will probably sail by the middle of the week - should it be a good time I may take passage in her – I wish 50 [?bu] Sfine & 50 [?Bl] Fine Flour sent by her –  & those empty salt sacks I wish fill’d with [?shorts] should any Flour offer a freight she can take enough to make up 250 [?] with the 100 for me  - she will stop at Norfolk on her return to fill up with Staves – you will be particular to keep the parcells of Iron separate & to give Cap Baker dispatch – as the Iron that I send you is a small quantity I should be glad if you could make a ready sale of it – I have sold 200 Tons of  the Ann Alexander Cargo here –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                12 mo 2 1817

 

                        Your favour of 19th & 29th Ulto I duly recd with the inclosed Certificates of Funded  4 pCt Treasury Note Stock Amounting to $24106. 95 – I am much obliged by your attention to this business – the Twine & Vials are likewise recd Gideon Howland purchased some duck when he was in Boston of Ray & Gray at 21 Dollars 4 Months discount for Cash If you can purchase me 10 pieces on the same terms a at 4 Month Ct I should like you would & send it by the [?Ronu] Cap Peckham – the mark of the kind of duck I wish is at bottom

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 12 mo 2 1817

 

                        I wrote you 9 mo 20 since which I have your favours of Augt 16 & 23 & Sepr 3, 5 [?8] & 15 – advising of

157

having accepted D Erskine & Co Drft for £3591.10 & Capt Allens at [?Elsinure] for £32.13.1 making a sum of £3624.3.1 to your Credit the Ann Alexander arrived here on the 31 of 10 Month & has delivered her Cargo in good order which will pay a good freight – I am well pleased with Cap Allen & think him a smart Man – I am expectg the George & Susan in the Spring with a Cargo of Whale Oil from the Brazil Bank which I shall expect to ship to an Eurpopean Market & shall be much obliged by your advising me the state of the Markets & prices at the different Ports in Europe –

I am &

 

To D Cremline & Son                           12 m 2 1817

 

                        Your several esteemd favours of June 14 July 4, 8 & 17 August 13 & Sepr 9 – are duly recd – together with your A/Sales of Tobacco & Logwood & the Ann Alexander A/C & Disbursments Accts – balanced by a remittance to WE & EB Lawrence of £602.14.10 & £153 19 – which appear correct – excepting the charge of  [?Traveling] expense of 108.7 which Capt Howland thinks aught not to be made to the Ship – The Ann Alexander arrived here on the 31 of 10 Month & has delivered her Cargo in good order – Capt Allen has performed the Voyage much to my satisfaction – I think him a smart young Man –

I am &

 

To D Erskine & Co                                           12 mo 2 1817

 

                        Your several esteemd favours of Decr 23, 1816 June 21 & August 16 & 19 1817 – have been duly recd. the latter covering Invoice & bills of lading of the Ann Alexanders Cargo which Vessell has arrived & delivered her Cargo in good order – I am very much disappointed in the high price of the cost of this Cargo -  it would have been better this year to have taken Iron at Gottenburg Capt Allen states to me that he gave the money to the Stevadore to pay for the [?Br] Tar which you state to have been omitted –

158

It may be best to enquire into the payment of this Tar as it may prevent the like in other instances & perhaps to  a greater an Account – I am expecting a Cargo of Whale Oil in the Spring in the Ship George & Susan from the Brazil Bank, & shall expect to ship it to an European market, please say what it will sell for with you & likewise Tobacco Stems & Logwood –

I am &

 

To H H Meier & Co                                                     12 mo 2 1817

 

                        Your several eteemed favours of Decr 6, 1816,  Feby 22 March 26 April 18 & 30 May 21 June 14 August 1 & 15 & Sept 5, 1817 have been duly recd - together with the paper & documents respecting the Howlands loss & likewise her Acct with you – balance due the Owners of that Vessell in your hands of £63.9.10 having been remitted to WE & EB Lawrence London – which sum they have stated to me of having recd & placed to my Cr – the Accts as stated appear correct excepting the deduction on the frt for Tobacco [?nussing] this deduction I conorden altogether wrong – It does appear from Capt Durban (of the Ship Phoenix) statement since his return here from Stockholm that Capt Howland did not do his duty in regard to getting the Howland off the Shore, & that he did not consult with you, that the best might be done, as it respected her situation – this he (Capt D) states as having been stated by you to him – you will please write me on this subject –

I am &

 

To John Earle                                                   12 mo 2 1817

 

                        Thy esteemed favours of 7 m 30 & 9 m 3 has been duly recd together with the Deed for our signatures

159

which shall be done & forwarded as directed – please say wheather it will be necessary to acknowledge this deep before a Justice or not – or wheather it must be acknowledge by myself & Wife before some one of the Judges of the superior Court – please say what will be necessary respecting it – If it must be done before some one of the Judges, it will be attended with a considerable trouble –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                    2 m 8 1818

 

                        Above I hand you J Rukitsons [? John Ricketson] drft for $600 which you will please place to my Credit –

 

                                                            I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                2 mo 13 1818

 

                        Your several favours of 1 mo 10 & two of 2 mo 6 with your A/C inclosed has been duly recd – the balance in my favour of 2387.42 appears correct – I shall send you the Iron by first Packet – I had concluded to have sent this Iron to Richmond & had enquired the frt outbound the Menator – Ludlam & Allen had advised me it would sell so [? ?] $105 – please send me [?W] Howlands Note to Asa Partridge – Inclosed I hand you an Entry & bill of Lading of 22 Iron Pots per the [?Nertes] Capt Sterling – you will please do the needful at the Custom House & send me the Pots by first ^good^conveyance – I hope Capt Sterling will keep the Pots out [?] until an opportunity should present to sent them here –

I am &

 

To Thomas H Howland                                                2 mo 13 1818

 

                        Annexed I hand thee D Rukitson  [?Daniel Ricketson]  [??] recipt for $30 & R & Thorntons Ditto for $49 which with $11 paid thy Father makes up the sum of  $90 recd of thee at Alexandria – I likewise annex my Drft on Fish & Grinnell for $500 payable to Thomas W Paivo of Washingtor for some lands I purchased of him at Baltimore – I shall be obliged by thy handing it to him when he calls upon thee for it thee will please receive the Certification of the land [?  him

160

enclosed them to me should he hisitate about the Drft  I should be obliged by thy satisfying him that it will be good for the Amot

I am &

 

Respected Friend                                             2 mo 13 1818

Thomas W Paivo

                        Agreeable to our conversation at Baltimore I have sent Thomas H Howland of Alexandria my Dft in NewYork $500 for five Patents or Certificates for Quarter Sections of Lands in Illinois Territory – I shall rely on thy candire in sending me such as in they judgment will be good lands I shall much prefere [?proved] lands if they can be designated please say what thee would undertake to purchase me 10 or 20 more patents for & what its probably they could be purchased  at – I should have purchased a Post Note or Check at the United States Branch Bank at New York on your Bank if it could have been done –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            3 mo 3 1818

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you the Invoice in question which you will please return – you will please transfer from my Acct to the Ct of DR & Son $107.66 & CG [?] $415.32 the Amot of ½ & 2/8’s of the [Ship] Golcondas Acct – You omitted sending me the 4 Cert. of W Lead – I have sent by the Orbit 1012 Bars of Iron 12.15.3.4 – I have put on board the Boston our Bank Paper Frame & shall be obliged by your having 4000 sheets of best Bank Paper made on the same – you will please be particular in having it done – you will please inform me when the Paper is done, as we shall want about ½ of it Impressed with the [?smer] Plate –

I am &

161

 

To Laawrence Welles & Co                                          3 mo 11 1818

 

                                                Your esteemed favr of Oct 12th last together with Invoice & bill lading of 22 Iron Potts per the [?Nerter] have been duly recd – as likewise the Potts  - in good order – the Amot of Cash & Charges £62.8.0 is placed to the Ct of WE & EB Lawrence as requested – I have requested that a further quantity may be shipped

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 3 mo 11 1818

 

                                    Since writing you on the 2 of 12th Month last I have your esteemed favour of the 30th of Oct – I have likewise recd a letter of the 12 Decr from your House at Liverpool together with 22 Potts Account of Cash & Charges £62.8.0 – to your Ct – I shall be obliged by your shipping me by first opportunity 15 more of the 100 Gls & 15 of the 84 Glls & 60 of 60 Glls, Potts either to Boston or New York should no Vessell be coming direct to this Port – I some time since purchased 3/8 of the Golconda which ship saild from New Orleans about the middle of 12th Month last for Falmouth [?per] Order & expected to discharge at Le Havre or Liverpool had I purchased before she had been placed under the [Thorleys] care at Lpoole she would have gone to you – I shall as soon as I hear of her arrival, direct to be placed to my Ct with you my proportion of what she may have from her frt out –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 3 mo 24 1818

 

                                    Since writing you on the 11th Inst I have your fav of the 1st Jany with my A/C enclosed balanced by a transfer to New Acct of £206.14. 6 due you which appears correct – the Ann Alexander is here, I am expecting the Geoge & Susan with a Cargo of Whale Oil in the course of 2 Months – which I

162

intend loading the Ann Alexander with for an European market - & if she should be in time I intend her for a Cargo of Iron either from Gottenberg or Stockholm as the prices may be – your citations of Oil in England is very high – should the Ann Alexander load with Oil I have thought of directing her to call at Cork for [?advisers] for the best Port on the Continent for a Market, in which case I shall advise you & request that you would give advice necessary –

I am &

 

To Gilbert Allen                                                4 mo 26 1818

 

                                    Thy letter of the 8th Inst was duly recd by your A/C it appears there is between 14 & 1500 Dollars due me a part in the 7th Month & the remainder in the 9th Month – I wish thee to purchase me equal quantities of Sfine, Fine & [?Midling], Flour to the Amot of the balance that will be due me as above – thee can purchase the Flour at 60 days at which time the Note for the Iron from Alexandria will be within discount – If Flour should be still declining on the receipt of this letter thee will defer purchasing a little time & at the same time thee will keep the knowledge of the market & to purchase before it should again rise - should thee purchase prefer not to make this purchase on acct of my funds being due thee will hand this letter to Lewis Ludlam & request him to do it – should there be an opportunity of shiping this Flour direct to this place I should wish thee to improve it –

I am &

163

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 4 mo 28 1818

 

                                    Since writing you on the 24th Ulto I have your estemed favour of Jany [?] – Inclosed I hand you D Ricketson & Son letter to F & JO Thornly directing them to hold subject to your Order 3/8 Amot of Capt Smith remittance from Le Havre which you will please receive & place to my Ct – I wrote you in my last  that I should detain the Ann Alexander here to take the George & Susan Cargo of Oil to Europe, but I have been induced to take a load of the Sperm Oil or nearly a load on frt, she will probably sail in the course of 2 weeks – I shall however procure a Vessell to take the George & Susan Oil should she arrive safe, I have accts from her as late as the first of Decr last & with 900 Bls – I shall expect her in the course of One Month, she can bring 2000 Bls –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                5 mo 9 1818

 

                                    Your letter of the 2nd Inst is duly recd with bill of Staves & Pork annexed Amotg to $135.67 to your Ct – I send by the Packet (H Taber) the Plates for the Bills, you will please have 2000 sheets Struck & sent by the first conveyance when ready, the Amo of [?Cost] Paper etc. you will please charge to J R [?Carken] – you will be particular in counting the Sheets to be impressed, that no advantage may be taken – I shall be much obliged by your saying to N S Kempton Mate of the Golconda that I want him to come on & go Cornelius Mate in the Ann Alexander we have no Mate & shall wate for him, the Ship will be ready by the last of next week – you will have the goodness likewise to send 5 Saylors for the Ann Alexander, it is difficult to ship sailors here – on the Merchant service – If the Golconda should be ready to

164

come (which is not likely to be the case) by the middle of next week they could come on in her – I wish that Kempton may be released from the Ship so as to be here in the course of next week without fail & the Saylors as the Ship will wate for them -  You will please have the Golconda discharged excepting [?Plarter] enough to make her safe & sent on here as soon as may conveniently be- You will send by the Golconda & for her Acct– 1 Ton good hemp 25 Bls P Pork including what she may have on board, 15 Bls Tar including 2 of Rozin, 2 Casks Rice, 2 Casks Beans, 2 Grindstones, 1 Bl Sugar 1 Bag Coffee ¼  Chest B[?Black] Tea, If her Caboose should be a small one you will procure one of the size of the George & Susan, procured by you for her last year & all the second hand Casks & bls you may be able to procure on times that will answer & such as will answer our purpose – I think it will be best for the Golconda to come inside, unless a good Pilot could be procured through the sound on moderate terms & the time Prosperous for a good run, however I shall leave this to your judgment to be decided when the ship is ready to come –

I am &

 

To James Young                                               5 m 8 1818

 

                        Annex’d I hand thee A/Sales 24 hhd Molasses recd for the Schooner [?Grune] for thy Acct f Amount of which $949.4 I likewise annex my Drft at 3 Days on my friends Fish & Grinnell New York fa – I hope my management of this busness of this business will prove satisfactory, should it have suited thee better, to have wated the expiration of the term of payment of the Molasses, to the cours I have taken, thee will return me the Dfr I could not procure a Dfr either on Philadelphia ^or^ on Baltimore –

I am &

165

 

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             5 mo 25 1818

 

                                                Your esteemed favour of the 27th March & 8th April have been duly recd & Note their contents – the Ann Alexander will proceed tomorrow for the Chesapeake to fill up with Tobacco for London, she has about 125 Tons Sperm Oil on board, the most of which to your address. by an arrrival yesterday from the Coast of Pategonia with 250 Tons Whale Oil, I have acct of the George & Susan having 200 Tons on the 1 of 3d Month, I daily expect her & intend shipping a Cargo for an European Market immediately on its arrival – I intend the Ann Alexander for a Cargo of about 225 Tons Iron either from Gottenberg or Stockholm as it shall appear best from ↑for a Cargo of about 225 Tons Iron↓  the [?prices] at each^of these^ places ^provided^ If you should be willing to give Capt Howland a letter of Credit for the Amot & to give him  letters to some good Houses to call at Gottenberg & Stockholm (should the Port not be fixed on when he left London )  I am sensible this mode of procedure would not be conformable to your mode of doing business, but I should not ask ↑it of↓ you to do it, did I not think you would be perfectly willing to do it for an Old Friend – I shall take care to put you in Cash for my Acct in time to meet the Drfts, which in all probability cannot become due before late in the Fall – You will please write me on the subject of opening a Credit without having the funds actually in hand – I would make immediate remittance was I not sanguin of make you remittance from the proceeds of Oil in time –

I am &

166

 

To Cornelius Howland 3rd                                             5 mo 25 1818

 

                        The Ann Alexander is now nearly ready to proceed for Norfolk and Hampton Roads to fill up with Tobacco for London from Lewis Ludlam of Richmond – thee will please inform him immediately on thy arrival & the probable quanty of Hhds she will take – on being loaded thee will proceed for London & apply to WE & EB Lawrence to do the business of the Ship should it be decided at London for thee to proceed to Gottenberg or Stockholm for Iron, thee will loose no time in getting to either of these places that may be fix’d on – I should recommend thy taking Iron at Gottenberg unless it can be had at Stockholm for £1 in the Ton less than at Gottenberg – It will be necessary for WE & EB Lawrence to give thee letters of Cr for the Amot of the Cost of the Cargo, as likewise letters of introduction to some good House at either place thee may go for – thee will apply to several Iron Merchants to assertain who will furnish it the best, the quality & kinds of Iron thee will procure as stated below – I am &

 

25 Tons 3 Inch

25   “      2 ¾

50   “      2 ½

25  -       2 ¼

25   -      2

25   “      1 ¾

35   “      2  - ¾ & 4/4

10   -      1 ½

   5   -      1 ¼

____

225

167

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            6 mo 7 1818

 

                                    You will please send by first opportunity on by the Boston, 10 pcs 1st qt Russian Duck 4 pcs  2d Dc, 10 pcs Ravens Duck & 1 Ton Hemp for the George & Susan – 18 pcs 1st ql Russian Duck 3 pcs 2nd Do 17pcs  Ravens Duck & 1 Ton Hemp for the Golconda – you will please omit the 1st Qu Russian Duck unless it can be purchased on as good terms as $21 4 or 6 Mo Cr, it can be purchased in Boston on those terms – please say what you could sell our Bone at we have 10000 [?tr ] - & likewise Whale Oil – the Oil is of a very superior quality –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 6 mo 15 1818

 

                                    I have this day agreed to load the Brig Leader Capt Allen with whale Oil, she is to call at Falmouth for ^your^ Order & to proceed from thence to a Port not south of Lisbon or north of Bremen – you will have the goodness to direct Capt Allen to the Port that shall appear best – the Oil is of a very excellent quality – you will please loose no time in having your Orders at Falmouth for Capt Allen, if they could be sent out to him I should like it, should you order her to any other Port than either Bremen or Lisbon you will please give Capt Allen the name of your Friends for the Consigner of the Cargo – I shall direct the proceeds of the Cargo to be held at your disposal – the Leader will take about 900 Bls- I am now loading the Ship Sally Capt Weeks for Lisbon with a small Cargo of about 700n Bls – I shall direct the proceeds of this Cargo remitted you likewise, unless the Dollars can be procured on equal terms –

I am &

168

                       

Respected Friend                                                         6 mo 17 1818

Hutchinson Travers & Co

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you Invoice & bill of loading of 223 Casks Whale Oil from the Schooner Sally Capt Weeks, the Cargo will be found to be of a very superior quality & am in hopes it will bring a price accordingly – I hope you will be able to [?sell] this little parcel to good advantage at Lisbon – as we have the liberty of a 2nd Port, you may take the advantage of it, if it can be done to any advantage to the Cargo – you will please remit the whole Amot of the net proceeds to WE & EB Lawrence London 1/6 part of the 203 Casks to the Credit of John & James Howland the remainder to my Ct with them – unless Dollars can be purchased within 1 pCt of the same terms of the bill on London, if they can you will remit to me the Dollars by Capt Weeks – you will please send me by Capt Weeks what empty Oil Casks you can procure & he can bring provided it can be done at a fair price rate – I wrote you a few lines yesterday by the Brig [blank] Cap Cory advising of this Cargo & likewise of my intention of loading the Brig Leader Capt Allen with about 900 Bls, from the same Cargo for Falmouth &  a market between Lisbon & Bremen including those Ports – you will please advise WE & EB Lawrence of the state of your market – you may calculate that not much more Oil will be ship’d from the United States than what  has already been done, or at least about all the Oil has arrived in the United  States that will arrive this season – George Randall was Master of the George & Susan in my employ which brought in this Oil , as the [?mation] of this little parcel being ship’d for his Act

I am &

169

PS. Should Oil be dul & low on the arrival of the Schooner & no other port more promising for a market you are at liberty to Stow this Cargo for a better price, if in your judgment it can be obtained a little while hence – if not you will sell it to the best advantage on arrival –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            6 mo 20 1818

 

                                    I have recd your favours of the 13 & 16 Inst with the Duck & Hemp – I have sent by the Boston 60 Bundles Whale Bone, which you will please dispose of to best advantage I shall be obliged by your sending me for the George & Susan 1 Ton hemp 1 Cask Raisins, 2 [?Tures Rum] , 2 of Beans 1 of Pease, 2 Grindstones & 5 Bls P Pork - & for the Golconda 1 Ton Hemp, 1 Cask Raisins 1 Cask Pease – Inclosed I hand you Capt Fowlers order on her Owners for supplies from the George & Susan & my bill for the same which you will please collect & place to the Ships Credit, as likewise the Bone when sold – I have made out the bill as near the Cost of the articles as I could –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                   6 mo 21 1818

 

                        Please send me by first opportuntiy 34 pcs 1 [?Qu] Russian Duck, of the same kind you furnished John A Parker provided it can be done on the same terms –

I am &

 

To Gilbert Allen                                                6 m 21 1818

 

                        Thy several favours of the 5th, 11th, & 13th Ulto were duly recd – the later with Invoice of  150 Bls Flour annexed Amotg to $1309.50 due 7m 8 – I notice thy observations respecting drawing on my for a part of the Amot – it would not be convent – I mentioned I did not wish the Flour purchased unless it could be done so as to meet the Amot in Ludlam & Allens hands – [?Indico] I wish the Flour had not have been purchased as it is a lot of Old

170

Musty Flour which will not sell, I have sold several Bls which has been return’d – I must bake it for Ship Bread – Ludlam & Allen will oblige me by paying the above Amot 1309.50 to Gilbert Allen with Interest from 7 m 8 1819 when in Cash for my Acct to that Amot

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             7 mo 6 1818

 

                                    I wrote you on the 15th Ulto advising of my having agreed to load the Brig Lender Cap S Allen with Whale Oil & that she would proceed to Falmouth for your Orders for her port of Discharge – she is now loaded with 940 Bls very superior Oil & hope you will be able to direct her to a Port where she will meet with a proffitable Sale – she will probably sail tomorrow – I place the Cargo under your direction & I enclose you the Copy of my letter accompanying the Invoice & bill lading that you may be able to give directions in conformity – Should Capt Allen have occasion to draw on you for supplies for his Brig you will please honor his Drfts & place the Amot to my Acct advising me of the same –

I am &

 

To the Consignee of Brig Leaders Cargo                       7 mo 6 1818

 

                                                Inclosed I hand you Invoice & bill of lading of 302 Casks very superior Whale Oil ship’d by the Brig Leader Capt Allen – I charter this Vessell to proceed to Falmouth for Orders from my Friends WE & EB Lawrence London who will direct the Brig to her Port of Discharge on the Continent should she go to Bremen the Cargo will go to the address of H H Meier & Co if to Lisbon to Hutchinson Travers & Co if to any other Port to the Order of WE & EB Lawrence – whoever should be eventually

171

the consignee of the Cargo they will please follow the directions of WE & EB Lawrence of London respection the Sales of this Cargo & the remittances for the proceeds to be made to them [?] to the Credit of James Howland 1/8 J&J Howland 1/7 & my own Acct for the Balance – hoping that a ready & profitable Sale may be made for the Vessell –

I am &

 

To Lewis Ludlam                                  7 mo 18 1818

 

                                    Thy letter of 25Ulto & 6th Inst I duly recd I am much disappointed at the detention of the Ann Alexander – I have no advice yet of her sailing – annex’d I hand thee my Drft on Fish & Grinnell for $500 which hope will meet thy views, & place the amot to my Ct advising the same –

I am &

 

To Francis Thompson                           7 mo 18 1818

 

                                    Thy letter of the 1st Inst has been duly recd & its Contents noted – I am ready to remit to thee on Cropper Benson & Co the Amot due them, whenever that amot can be assertained – the Balance by my Books differs very [?materially] from that stated by thee –

I am &

 

To Capt James Bennett             7 mo 31 1818

 

                                    The Golconda is now ready for Sea thyself Master bound on a Whaling Voyage to the Brazil Bank – should the wind be favourable in the morning thou will embrace it – should thee be fortunate enough to get a Sperm Whale on thy outward passage, I think it would be well to send the Oil home if it would not cause too much detention by stopping at the Islands –

172

I should recommend thy staying as late on the Bank as would answer unless thee should be fortunate enought to get Oil so as to leave it early – I think it would be best even if thee should be unfortunate in geting Oil not to stop stay over another season – however of this I shall confide to thy judgment to do as shall appear best to thee at the time it may be necessary to decide – wishing the a pleasant Voyage & safe return I am Thy frd

 

 

To John R Harwood                             9 mo 8 1818

 

                                    Annexed I hand thee our [?C] Drft for $996.10 amot due for Acct of the Staves – A/Sales of which I furnished [??] Hill – which hope will be found Correct- Amo Sales Staves            1001.38

     &For Bales & Wharfage   5.28

                                                       996.10 – I am &

 

To Lewis Ludlam                                  9 mo 20 1818

                        Thy fav of the 4th Inst was duly recd & would have been sooner repl’d to had circumstances admited I did order on the recept of thy letter to join thee in the purchase of some Tobacco Stems provided they could be purchased at a price that would answer & if I could provide in time to pay for them – it would not be convenient to pay immediately- If it can be managed so as to pay some latte time hence it would do – It is very difficult for us to provide funds in Boston sufficient for the accomodation of the Bank, but in New York it has been very easy – when ever thee should be drawning on anyone in this place & would make it payable in NewYork

173

it would accomodation to the Bank as well as to the individual, as they can always be accomd through the Bank when they cannot if on Boston – I very much wish Ludlam & Allen [?ac] with me – I think some Tobacco of a low price would answer – it will be well to move cautiously in the business – Stems aught to be well examin’d & see that they are dry & in good order – I shall expect the Ann Alexander in all the 11th [?Month]  -

I am &

 

To Davenport & Allen              10 mo 17 1818

 

                                    Your letter of the 28th Ulto is recd with Ludlam & Allen A/C & your Invoice 14 Bls Flour annex’d which appears correct & my Books are in conformity – you will please purchase me 22 Bls SFine Flour & send me by first ↑direct↓ conveyance – Capt [?Ran] is expected to be at Richmond soon you may defer the purchase until an opportunity presents unless Flour should be likely to rise in which case you will purchase immediately – I wish you to purchase at 60 Days & at the expecation of the time drawn on me at 60 Days payable in New York –

I am &

 

To Lawrence Welles & Co                                11 mo 24 1818

 

                                    Your exteemed favours of May 30 June 2 & 6 was duly recd – that of June 2nd covering Invoice & bill lading 36 Try Potts – Amot Cost £94.4.7 I have placed to the Credit of our friends WE & EB Lawrence – your management in shipping the Try Potts to New York instead of sending them direct for the [?Firnohan] is entirely satisfactory, I should have done the same had I been in Liverpool myself –

I am &

174

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 11 m 23 1818

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of Apl 22 May 16 June 1 & 17 July 9 & 24 Augt 10 & 29 are duly recd & note their Contents – the Amot of Invoice of Try Pots ship’d by Lawrence Welles & Co Liverpool £94.4.7 is to your Credit – I have placed to your Debit the Amot you recd from [?T & JD Thornley] say £356.8.3 – I have no advices as yet, from either of the Consigneers of the Sallys or Leaders Cargo, alto I have advices of both Vessells having arrived at Le Havre & at Antwerp – I recd some time since a letter from Cap Howland of the Ann Alexander stating as the Season has so far advanced that he should not proceed to Gottenberg for Iron & that he should take frt for New York or Boston – I have waited some time to have this confirmed, the Westerly winds continuing, I get no further advises from London - & under the impression that the Ann Alexander will not proceed for Iron, & as Exchange is falling, I have concluded to draw on you for £1000 which I have done this day in favr of Josiah Bradlee & Co – which you will please honour & place to my Acct – should anything take place different from what is now expected I shall pay attention to it – as Oil has risen very much – I hope the Leaders & Sallys Cargos will do well hoping soon to hear from You – 11 m 24 I have this evening advices from Wells William & Green that they had sold the Sallys Cargo & had ordered the Amot remitted to you say $7422.34 –

I am &

175

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                11 mo 23 1818

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you a sett of Exchange for £1000 on WE & EB Lawrence London which you will please sell to best advantage, for what is called, out of town money – I have given J Ricketson a Dft for $100 with 10 Days sight for which you will charge me the difference for Boston money – should you be able to sell the Exchange in time I should like to receive the balance by John A Parker who calculates to return on 7th Day after now – please inform me what the rate of Exchange was between NewYork & Boston 9 mo 10 to the [??] – please forward the inclosed letter –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 12 mo 19 1818

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of Oct 3 – I recd by the Ann Alexander – I was disappointed in her not going for Iron – I have this day drawn on you two setts of Exchange for Three hundred pounds each at 60 Days in favour of M & G Allen – like wise one sett in favour of Tappan & Mansfield at 60 Days for One thousand pounds which you will please honour & place to my Acct – I have advises of the Sale of the Leaders Cargo at Antwerp & that it would nett exclusive of freight about £38 – which is much better than the Sallys Cargo will do –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                     1 mo 16 1819

 

                                                Your A/C dated 12 mo 3 1817 I have recd – I notice your Credit of half the light money on the Ship Howland & Ann Alexander – you will please collect the extra duty –

176

on the Cargo of the Ann Alexander & the Crates [? ?] Ware as likewise the extra Pilotage on these ships – I have expected to have been call’d upon before this by your agent [?F Tempson] to settle our Acct– the outer and tonage money charged the Robert Barclay of £20.8.0 which was to have been return’d has never been Credited my Acct – you will please Credit me with it –

 

To Lawrence Welles & Co                                1 mo 16 1819

 

                                    Since writing you on the 24th of 11 Mo last, I have none of your esteemed favours to reply to – I shall be obliged by your shipping me 10 more of the 100 Gll Pots of the same pattern as the last & as soon as they can be procured either to Boston or New York, if no Vessell should be coming direct – you will not make any Insurance on them – I will request WE & EB Lawrence to reimburse the Amt

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 1 mo 16 1819

 

                                    I have written Lawrence Welles & Co this day & requested they woud send me 10 more of the 100 Gll Pots the Amot of which you will please account with them for – as the British Government are returning half the light money, paid by American Vessells since 7 m 4 1815 & likewise half the export duty to 4 m 20 1817 & likewise 3/ [?] per foot pilotage – I shall be much obliged by your collecting the extra [?fine] paid by the Ship Howland at Cowes in the winter of 1816-17 - & likewise on her at Falmouth in the 2 & 3 March 1816 paid to Fox & Son – also on the Ann Alexander which Vessell stopped at Falmouth in the 10 Month 1816 & proceeded to Dublin – Fox & Son took Cap J R Allen Drft on Cropper Benson & Co for Amt his expenses at Falmouth

177

which was about £40 – Joseph [?Wilser] & Co was the Ships agent at Dublin – the balance of her Acct was remitted you – the George & Susan went to Cork the Spring of 1816 with a load of Staves on freight which Staves were abandoned to the Ship for the frt, they fell short about £500 of satisfying the Amot of frt Harvey Sons & Deaver were her agents if any extra duties were chd on the Staves that Amot is now due to the Owner of the Ship together with the extra Pilotage & light money etc – the same Ship put int Kinsale in the summer of the same year in distress any extra fees chd at that time may be collected at the same time – Harvey Sons & Deaver was her agents – your attention to this business will much oblige me – I have given W & G Allen three Setts of Exchange on you at 60 Days one for £400 and two for £300 each- making together £1000, which you will please honour & place to my Acct – I shall expect the George & Susan & the Golconda in about 4 Months from the Brazil Bank – should they be successful, I shall again on their arrival ship a Cargo to the Content & to call at Falmouth for your Order please advise the prospect for Oil at the different Ports –

I am &

 

To Francis Thompson                                       3 mo 29 1819

 

                                    Thy favour of the 22 Inst I have recd I will state my Acct with  Cropper Benson& Co soon – it is our Quarterly meeting this week, which will necessarily occupy much of the time – please say wheather thou art authoreized to settle the Acct fully –

I am &

 

To Francis Thompson                                       4 m 13 1819

 

                                    Thy favr of the 5th Inst I have recd – I now enclose my Acct with Cropper Benson & Co  as likewise a Copy of the several A/C which I have recd from them, by which thee will be able to discover the

178

Items that make the difference in our Accts –

I am &

 

To Lewis Ludlum                                                          4 mo 25 1819

 

                                    Thy favr of the 12th Inst I have recd – if the Sloop Rochets is at Richmond or any Vessel before that is coming to this Port & can take some flour for me – I should like for thee to send me 20 Bu Sfine 20 Bu Fine & 20 Best Middlings – thee may purchase for Cash & draw on me payable here or at New York – If I could be advised at what Bank at New York I could find the Dft of the Amot I would send a Check for it – thee can put the thing on proper train that I may be advised in time to meet the Dft in New York should thee draw payable there –

     If there should be no Vessel at Richmond to take the Flour thee will not purchase until there is or unless it should be likely to rise – thee may send me 10 Bls [?] the Straight Midlings likewise if it is to be had –

I am &

 

To Frances Thompson                                      4 mo 29 1819

 

                                    I have recd thy favor of the 22 Inst & note its contents – In thy two former letters of  3m 22 & 4m 5 thee writes me thus “ I have now to request thou wilt specify such items as thou thinks are erroneous in Order that a settlement may be made” - & further – “therefore I am anxious to learn in what particulars your statements differ” – upon which I sent thee my A/C with Cropper Benson& Co, as likewise the Copy of Cropper Benson &Co A/C with me, which I considered would be the most [?realy] way to show to thee how our accts stood – but in thy letter to which this is in answer thee say – “I before requested

179

thee to give thy reasons for not allowing any part of the charges, & I was surprised on reading thy letter to find that not a single word item had been explained”  - thee can make the comparisons & draw thy own conclusions – I think with this, it is high time it was settled, but I think thee would not urge this business with so much emphasis if thee new that I had labourd a number of years to effect a settlement with Cropper Benson &Co – the Insurance on the Ann Alexander was done without any order from me, she was previously Insured in the United States – the [?Lan] expenses at Lancaster is not know to exist by me – the Charge of Comn in the George & Susan’s Cargo can’t exist as the Cargo was purchased in Stockholm on which a full Comn was chd by D Erskine & Co of that place – the discount on the salt I agree with thee belongs to the purchaser I am [?] the purchaser by my agent – I have lately found that it has always been a Custom in Liverpool to make 5pCt & more discount on all bills of Disburt for Ships – I have had heavy Amt of Disburt at Liverpool 5 pCt is which will be worth [?too charges]

     If any further explenations should be wanted please to state them & I will endeavor to give it –

I am &

 

To Welles, Williams & Greene              5 m 11 1819

 

                        Your several esteemed favours of Sep 5th 25 Oct 8.10 & 20 has been duly recd (with the A/Sales of the Sallys Cargo Statement of remittance of £2120 [?] Stg to W E & EB Lawrence of London

180

enclosed) & notice its Contents – I have not as yet been advised of this remittance being recd by my friends in London, which has been the reason of my not sooner replying to your favours – Was it not for the heavy charge of Duty etc on the Oil, it would have paid [?som]

    I think it unjust to pay duty on more Oil than you can by the Custom of the Port market – can you give me any Acct of what Oil Capt Weeks had on Deck on her arrival at Le Havre, he had when he left here 4 large Casks at his own [?mrk] at full frt – your not being able to distinguish the marks of the Casks so as to refund cash parcel & having fell short a considerable leaves me to doubt wheather Capt Weeks has been exactly correct –

I am &

 

To Bixby Valentine & Co                                 5 mo 20 1819

 

                                    I am requested by John R Harwood to remit you for his acct $200 which I do in the Check annexed you will please place it to his Credit & advise him of the same – I likewise by the request of the same Gentleman annex’d a Check for $240 payable to E & J [?] which you will have the goodness to hand them & take a receipt for the same on Acct of Christopher Fry Norfolk & forward the same to him or John R Harwood

I am &

 

To John R Harwood                                         5 m 22 1819

 

                                    I have after much difficulty made out to settle with Cap E on the 20th on the condition that I would state to thee, that he considered the Amot I have stopd for his frt for Corn  short delivered is justly due him & that he has no doubt it will be allowed him – as he says it is customary that 2 ½ pCt be allowed for corn that is [?] & taken onboard after is is measured this is something I am unacquainted with I could find no other

181

course for me but to require the bill of lading fullfil’d by Capt E - had Capt E had no Corn onboard the Vessell of his own & I could be satisfied that all the Corn had been delivered I should have been entirely willing to have relinquished what it fell short had the Corn been mine – thee will please direct wheather anything shall be paid Capt E & I will do it – I remitted on the 20th as directed ¢240 & ¢200 to B Valentine & Co – the former sum for Acct of E & J [?Brand] & advised them as requested – I now annex our Cashiers Drft on New York for ¢765.75 for the balance – I did not discover that I had not included the ¢4 [?recd from] Capt E in this Drft for the Balance until I had proceeded thus far which makes it too late to alter for this Mail – it will appear in New acct

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 5 mo 31 1819

 

                                                It is with much regret & disappointment that I am not yet advised of the receipt of the remittance of Welles Williams & Greene for the Amot of the Sallys Cargo of Oil at Le Havre – they advise me of having done it on the 14th Oct last say £2120.0.4 this sum you will please place to the Ct

of James Howland                                1/6 of £1923.0.1  is   330.10.0

     J&J    Howland                               1/6        “                   330.10.0

         Myself                                         2/3        “                 1322 .0 .1}

also to my Credit for Acct of Geo Randall       137.0.3         137. 0 .3}

                                                                       ________      _________

                                                                      £2120.0 .4     £2120.0 .4 

 

Capt Randall was Master of the George & Susan who took a small Interest in this Shipment – you will please be particular to charge each one with his proportion of expenxes of Portage etc - I am also more in the dark respecting the Leaders Cargo I have no A/Sale, nor advice of the Amot of the Sales being remitted you – I have advise of the Oil being  sold more

182

than eight months since & that  [?Thurst] & Co had on the 19th Sepr last remitted you about £2200 – the balance must have been remitted you long since – your silence in this business I am utterly at a loss to account for – The proceeds of the Leaders Cargo you will please place 7/56 to the Credit of James Howland 8/56 to J&J Howland & 21/56 to my Credit – I have this day drawn tow setts of Exchange in favour of W & G Allen at 30 Days for £400 & £350 making Seven hundred & fifty pounds which you will please accept & place to my Acct – I am daily expecting to receive my A/C for the last year which hope to receive soon –

I am &

 

To E & A Winchester                                       7 mo 10 1819

 

                                    Your favours of the 6th Inst I duly recd the price of Beef is much highter than in New York – however I have concluded you may send me 25 Bus No 1 at your terms provided you will deduct 2 pCt & deliver it to one of our Packets now in Boston –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 7 mo 11 1819

 

                                    The George & Susan has arrived with 1900 Bls Oil – I have commenced loading the Ann Alexander Cap Cornelius Howland with the Oil – she will proceed to Falmouth for your Order to direct her to the best market – you will please have your directions at Falmouth in time for her, she will probably sail in two weeks – please request your house at Liverpool to send me 15 more of the 100 Glls Try Pots similar to those sent heretofore by the very first opportunity –

I am &

183

 

                                                            Copy

 

     Articles of Agreement entered into the first day of Fourth Month 1817 between John Earl of Aurelius County of Cayaga & State of NewYork as Agent for George Howland of New Bedford County of Bristol & State of Massachusetts of the first part & Giles Robinson & Elihu Eldridge of the county& State of NewYork aforesaid Witnesses that in consideration of the Stipulations know after expressed the said John Earl in his capacity a foresaid doth hereby promise & engage to convey by a good & sufficient deed unto the said Giles & the said Elihu their heirs & assignees forwever all that parcel or tract of land now in the occupancy of the said Giles & Elihu situate in the Town of Scipio known & distinguished as part of Lot No 4 on the two miles square bounded as follows beginning at the S W corner of said Lot No 4 running thence east on the line of said Lot 26 Chains to a stake & stone at the SE corner thence north on the East line of said Lot 18 Chains & 75 links thences West 26 Chains to a stake & stones on the West line of said lot thence south on the West line 12 Chains & 75 links to the place of begining containing 49 Acres of land or thereabouts being the lot last purchased of Zopher Cornell late of Scipio of [?overaid] & the said Giles & Elihu for themselves their Heirs & assigness do hereby covenant & engauge on the execution & delivery of the said deed to pay to the said John or his ass ignees the just & full sum of $300 with Interest from the date & given Several bonds for ¢333 1/3 each payable as follows say 5 m 1 1819 1820 & 1821 with Interet from the date hereof secured by their

184

mortgage on the premises aforsaid – In testimony whereof the parties have hereunto affixed their hands & seals the day& year

Just above written -                 John Earl

                                                            Giles Robinson

                                                            Elihu Eldridge

witness

 

G B Robinson

 

To Arnold Welles                                             6 mo 26 1819

 

                                    The man I employed to carry a letter to thee express has return’d with my letter to the of the 23d & with thy friendly note annex’d – this man was employed [?resply] to deliver thee my letter of the 24th before the delivery of the Mail in Boston on that day unless he could overtake the Mail [?Stale] before it reached Boston – I am led to believe from his own acct he has been guilty of impropriety in the management of this business toward thee, if this has been the case I very much regret it & hope thee will consider it the effect of ignorance rather than his intention to do so –

I am &

 

To Samuel Williams & Co                                 7 mo 13 1819

 

                                    Our mutual friend John Earl has directed me to you to compleat a little business which he has begun – I have been able at length to have the deed (enclosed) acknowledged to answer the law of your State – you will please deliver the Deed to Robins & Eldridge & receive from them the payments which are due with Interest from the date of the contract & likewise a Bond or a Mortgage on the premisses for the security of the other payments, agreeable to the  this agreement I

185

likewise enclose – this agreement will be your guide, hope soon to hear from you – a good Drft on New York for the Amot of remittance will answer my pupose –

I am &

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                                           7 mo 17 1819

 

            I have recd Lawrence Welles & Co favours of 14 Jany 13 Feby & 22 March 1819 – the latter accompaning Invoice 10 Try Pots which have been recd the Amot Cost £28.5.0 to the Ct of WE & EB Lawrence

            I have already written to the latter house to request of you to send me 15 more Pots of the same kind & size (100 Glls each) -  I have likewise recd your circular of the 24 April advising of your present establishment – I am now loading the Ann Alexander with about 2000 Bls Whale Oil for a market in Europe she will call at Falmouth for advice from your London house & hope she may be directed to a good market – I load the greater part myself – the George & Susan arrived a little time since with 1900 Bls, the Glconda just in with 1750 Bls –

I am &

 

To Arnold Welles                                                         7 mo 28 1819

 

                                    Thy exteemed favour of the 26th Inst I think evening recd – Thee will please file a Policy on her for $3000 Vessel valued at $5000 Prem Included & 10000 Dolls on Cargo of Oil to Falmouth & a Market – likewise $6000 on the George & Susan A Whitens Master to the Brazil Bank on a Whaling Voyage –

I am &

 

Dear Brother                                        7 m 28 1819

 

                        I have some days since written to WE & E B Lawrence respecting thy present Voyage & requested them to advise thee at Falmouth to what Port it will be best to

186

proceed with the Ann Alexander’s Cargo thee will be governed by their directions – I have fill’d my Invoice of J Howlands to thy address thee will put it into the hands of a good House at the Port to which thee may be directed by Lawrence in such a way as to keep the direction of it thyself as long as thee may remain in port – thee will direct the proceeds of the Oil placed to our several Credits with EW & EB Lawrence & write them on the subject – I wish thee to see that each barrell of Oil is delivered by its self that their need be no mistakes – I put at foot the differnt marks and numbers that there may more readily apparent – If thee has time nothing appearing more favourable thee can stop at St Ubes for Salt & return to this place –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 7 mo 28 1819

 

                                                I wrote you a few days since advising of the Ann Alexander call off Falmouth for your advice for a Market of Oil which hope you will have recd in time to prevent any delay of the Ship – this goes by Cap Howland to whom you will please communicte with respecting the Ship & Cargo- she has a little short of 1900 Bls onboard – I expect to load another Vessell probably the Benezet Cap Dunbar – you will please be prepared with advice for her or any other Vessell that I may load instead of her – should you not have rec [? ated] a good house to Cap Howland at the Port of destination you will please do so –

I am &

187

 

To Arnold Welles                                             8 mo 3 1819

 

                                    Thy esteemed favour of the 31st Ulto I have this day recd with the Policy on the Ann Alexander annex’d, the [?P] Note for which I have enclosed for $261

            The George & Susan has hall’d off this day in readiness for Sea - I  wish the Insurance on Ship & Outifts, Valued at $20000 –

I am &

 

To [blank]                                            8 m 14 1819

 

                        I herewith hand you Invoice & bill of lading of 228 Casks Whale Oil the entire Cargo of the Brig Protection – Cap J Tripp to your address under the direction of our mutural friends, WE & EB Lawrence of London by whose instructions you will please be governed & hope you will be able to readily to dispose of this little Cargo to good advantage so much so as to induce of another shipment please forward me advice so soon as the Brig Should arrive & A/Sale so soon as it can be made up & the Amot remitted to WE & EB Lawrence agreeable agreeable to their directions – this Cargo of Oil is of a very superior quality & in excellent Cask I do not expect any leekage in it you will please be particular to furnish samples of the Cargo as I am satisfied that the quality is very good – you will please give Cap Tripp every dispatch that will be consistant with the interest of the owner of the Cargo I have no interest in the Brig further than the delivery of this Cargo of Oil –

I am &

188

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                                         8 mo 14 1819

 

                        I wrote you by the Ann Alexander which Vessell saild 2 weeks since, since which I have written you advising of my commencing loading the Brig Protection Cap J Tripp for Falmouth & a Market this Vessell has completed her loading this day she has on board 850 Bls Whale Oil agreeable to the copy of Invoice which I enclose you will please direct her to some good Market & at the same time name to Cap Tripp the [Conveym?] at the Port to which you may direct her – the Brig Benezet is loading with Oil direct for Bremen I shall put in about 200 Bls into her as frt . I have likewise this day Chartered the Schr Fenelon Cap DeCost to load with Oil for the South of Europe she will take about 700 Bls William R Rotch & Co are equally connected in this shipment – this Vessell will take all the Oil which I have remaining of the Cargo of the George & Susan & Golconda – you will please advise me respecting the several shipments as they may come to your knowledge – I hope soon to receive my A/C for the last year – this year is far spent & my last date for you was Dec 31 1818 expecting soon to hear from you I am &

 

PS  You will please place the proceeds of the Brig Protections Cargo to the Credit of the Ship Golconda with all expenses attending it subject to my order – the Brig Leader Cap Allen is loading with  Oil for Bremen direct al she takens about 1000 Bls – please forward the Inclosed letter to [?]

189

 

To Capt Elisha Dunbar                          8 mo 19 1819

 

                        Annex’d I hand thee Invoice of 42 Casks Whole Oil ship’d on board the Benezet for Bremen & to thy address for Sale, the proceeds of which thee will please remit to WE & EB Lawrence of London to the Credit of the Ship Golconda & Owners subject to my Order – I wish the Oil sold on thy arrival at Bremen unless there were good reason to expect an improvment in this article in a short time – wishing thee a pleasant Voyage & safe return

I am &

 

To Capt  Nash DeCost             8 mo 21 1819

 

                        Annex’d I hand thee Invoice of 83 Casks Whale Oil shipp’d by the Fenelon to thy address for Sale at Lisbon or a Market – I recommend thy proceeding for Lisbon with as little delay as possible & on they arrival if thee should  find thee could sell the whole Cargo readily at a price that would nett us about 40 Cents or upwards I should like ↑think↓ it would be advisable to close with it unless there was great prospects of doing better at some other Port or even at Lisbon some little time hence – If the price should be stil lower at Lisbon than what would nett 40 Cents & the markets should be no better else where it will be necessary to sell at something less than to nett the 40 Cts – still I ^have a ^ hope that it will do much better than that I thought it would be best to remit the Amt of the Sales of my Invoice to WE& EB Lawrence unless the Dollars could be had on board within 1 or 2 pCt of the cost of the Bills on London – I shall be obliged by thy bringing me 2 half [?pipes] of Lisbon & 1 half [?pipe] of Port Wine – Altho I have written & given thee my Ideas respecting the Sale of Oil etc. yet I wish thee to act thy judgment & be governed by the instructions

190

of the other Shippers where it shall appear more to the Interest of all concerned – We shall like thee would return with Salt to this Port from Lisbon, or from St Ubes, should thee discharge at any other Port than Lisbon – If thee could as well as not keep each parcell of my Oil by itself in the sale I should like it  - wishing thee a pleasant Voyage & safe return to thy family [?]

I am &

 

To Manuel Antonio Martin Engr                        2 mo 23 1819

 

                        Capt Blackamore informs me that thou hast had the goodness to have had obtained the Ship Howlands Anchor which was cut from by her some time since & hast sold the same for which I feel much obliged-

            If thou wilt have the goodness to account with Capt Black -amore for the same, thou wilt confer a further obligation on me this receipt shall be thy discharge –

I am &

 

To Lewis Ludlam                                              9 mo 1 1819

 

                        Thy esteemed Favour of the 25 Ins I duly recd I am much disappointed in not sending recg the Flour – thee will please send me 25 Bls Sfine & 50 Bls fine flour by the Rockets or any other vessell that may be coming soon & draw on me for the Amot as requested in my last –

I am &

 

To Samuel Williams & Co                                 9 mo 12 1819

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 28th Ult I have recd – I very much wish that R & Eldridge may make it convenient to pay the whole of the first payment with the Interest inclued I wish for the payments that are due, but I am willing to defere the second for a little time at your discretion – you will

191

please place any sums you may receive for my Acct , to my Credit with Fish & Grinnell of New York –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 9 mo 11 1819

 

                        I am yet without any of your favours to reply to not knowing the exact statement of my Acct with you altho I expect there is a balance due me yet I have drawn this day on you in favour of Josiah Bradlee & Co for £500 Stg which you will have the goodness to accept on Acct of my several shipments of Oil, should you not be in Cash for my Acct to that Amt

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                    9 mo 11  1819

 

                        Your esteemed favours of the 4 & 6th Inst was duly recd – Inclosed I hand you a sett of Exchange on WE & EB Lawrence of London for £500 which you will please to dispose of to best advantage – the inclosed letter I should like to accompany the Bills – please send my by first conveyance 40 Pds No1 Beef (if it is a good order suitable for a long Voyage) 6 hhds Molasses 14 bus Beans & 50[?] Sowing twine –

I am &

 

To James Hall                           9 mo 18 1819

 

                                    Above I hand thee a Check for the Amot my Prin[?] Notes $842 on the George & Susan & Golconda, it has always been a custom with us to allow the Credit of a Prin[?] Note to be extended to 60 Days after the arrival of the Ship – if this should not be your practice thee will have the goodness to say what will be stil due on the Note & I will forward it –

I am &

192

 

To James Hall                                       10 mo 15 1819

 

                                    I shall be much obliged by thy giving me your terms for Insurance on the Ship Golconda Capt James Bennett on a Whaling voyage into the Pacific ocean & elsewhere with liberty to stop for refreshments as is usual on such Voyages – the Golcanda is ready & will probably sail tomorrow or next Day – since her return from last Voyage the Golcanda she has been thoroughly overhall’d, new sheathed & Coppered to the bends, her Cables, Riging & Sails in excellent order most of which are new – In fact I consider her equal to any Ship out of the port for this Voyage, she is an excellent Sea Vessell & sails fast – Capt B is an experienced navigator & has 21 Men with him in the Ship –

I am &

 

To Capt James Bennett             10 mo 16 1819

 

                        We have had some considerable conversation respecting the course the Ship Golconda should stear on her intended Whale Voyage she being now ready to embrace the first favourable wind theyself Master, it has resulted with me, that thou shouldst proceed around the West Cape (Cape Horn) – I would recommend thy looking over such ground in the Atlantic Ocean as would be favourable for Sperm Whales and places as will come in thy way on thy passage out – on thy getting to the Westward of the Cape, I shall leave thee at liberty to Cruise as thy own judgment shall direct, but

193

strongly recommend thy taking a Course far to the Westward of the Cape & so on to the Northward in a high Longitude unless thou should find Whales short of it – wishing thee a pleasant ^& short^ Voyage & safe return with a full Ship –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 10 mo 27 1819

 

                                    Your favours of the 27 July & 4th Sept I have recd – by the latter I am advised of the destination of the Ann Alexander & hope soon to be advised of the arrival of the Brigs Benezet & Protection  - I wish very much to receive my A/C for the last year – I have, in consequence of Exchange being favourable on London, sold W & G Allen two small Bills of  £300 Stg each of this date which you will please honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To Lewis Ludlum                                              10 mo 27 1819

 

                        Please send me 25 Bls Sfine Flour by G Howland, mark the Flour, thee will please draw on me payable either here or in NewYork for the Amot – please say what the prospects of frts are –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 11 mo 6 1819

 

                                    I am advised by the papers of the arrival of the Protection off Falmouth & hope you will be able to direct her to a good market – I shall be much obliged by your honouring my bill of Exchange of this date in favour of Fish & Grinnell for £500 & placing the Amot to Acct of Ship Golconda on Acct of proceeds of Oil from the Brigs Benezet & Protection, if any should be recd, if not, to my Acct

I am &

194

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            11 mo 6 1819

 

                                    Your favour of the 2d Inst I recd this day – I enclose you a sett of Exchange for £500 on WE & EB Lawrence, which I hope you will be able to sell at your colations & the proceeds you will please place to the Credit of the Golconda – I shall ere long send you a sufficient Amot to balance all my Accts with you – should the Try pots arrive you will please send them to me by the Sloop [?Balter] Capt Mayhew, she is now up the N [?North] River & will probably be in New York in the course of two weeks –

I am &

 

To Samuel Williams & Co                                11 m 6 1819

 

                        Your esteemed favor of 9 m 24 I duly recd & note the contents I shold like to have recd the payments for the Favour of E & R as they became due, but stil I am willing to defer them as suggested by you that the 2d payt be due next 5th Month & etc on a annual payment – which hope it will be convenient for them to meet as they become due

I am &

 

To Frances Thompson                                      11 mo 24 1819

 

                                    I have defered answering thy letter of the 21st Ulto with a view to see Capt Wood respecting the charge of the law suit at  [?Lancaster] -  which I have not been able to [?effect] until now – he says as he has said hertofore that he has no knowledge whatever respecting such a suit – therefore I do object to this charge, & I must confess my incapasity with the aid of all thy arguementative reasonings on the different

195

items of dispute between us, to see the propriety of allowing any of the others – but to the contrary, I have much reason to object to them – Cropper Benson & Co had not to place the funds as stated by thee in the hands of a foreign agent, nor neither to advance it for the George & Susan Cargo, they owed me the whole Amot drawn for & more – all they had to do, was to authorize D Erskine & Co of Stockholm to draw on them for the Amot of the George & Susans Cargo of Iron – what could they do less – neither is it a custom to charge a Coms on such cases, Cropper Benson&Co had a Coms on all this money which they had in their hands of mine & more than a Coms as would appear by their withholding the normal discounts made on Salt [?D] &  - I dont think any Merchantile House would think them entitled to another Coms to pay the money to my Order out of their hands – I have had several Cargoes purchased in the same time way since, through the agency of other English  Houses as respectable as Cropper Benson & Co without even a thought of such a charge –

            As it respects the Insurance I shall say but little this that Cropper Benson & Co never was in no instance whatever authorized by me in the course of my doing business with them say from 15 to 20 years to make any Insurance for my acct whatever - & I will prove by their own letter written just before the Insurance was effected on the Ann Alexander that the charge aught not be to allowed even it it had been authorized – but still I have other reasons which have greater weight with me – I could say much on this subject, but it is of no use – the different Items are stil at [?mu] between us, thou hast the choice of electing the mode & manner in which this business shall be settled & I shall endeavour to be prepared to meet it –

I am &

196

 

To WE & EB Lawrence                                               12 m 12 1819

 

                                    The Ann Alexander & Fenelon ^have^ arrived here last week the latter sold her Oil well at Lisbon – I have this day drawn on on you in favr of Fish &Grinnell for £500 which you will please honour & place to the amot to the Golconda – Capt DeCost is nearly ready to sail ↑sailed on the 10th Inst ↓for Lisbon with about 100 Bls Oil in the William Thatcher he will communicate with you – I should esteem it a favour to receive my A/C with you for last year –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                                        12 m 12 1819

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you my sett of Exchange on WE & EB Lawrence London for £1000 which you will please dispose of & place the Amot to the Ct of the Golconda & close her Acct & transfer the balance to my Ct the George & Susan Acct likewise may be transfered to my Acct when this is done you will please close my Acct & forward the Acct to me –

I am

 

To S Williams & Co                                                      12 m 12 1819

 

                        Your esteemd favour of the  3rd Inst I recd last evening annexing a Drf for $4000 a L [?Evens] which I now return for your endorsement as it is payable to your order – I don’t understand your Calculation respecting R & Eldridges Notes – these Notes with Interest to the first of this Month would be $1557.82 (with Compound Interest which I always pay & which aught to be found more particularly in this case as the payments are defined for the accomodation of the purchasers) deducting what they paid say $252 would have a balance of $1305.82 instead of $1103.58 as stated by you – you will please give me a statement of your calculations in your next letter which [?wede] show how we differ so much –

I am &

197

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 12 m 25 1819

 

                                    I have this day drawn on you in favour of William Rotch Jr for £345-2.0 at 30 Days which you will please honour & place to my Acct – I have likewise drawn this day in favour of Fish & Grinnell for £630 at 60 Days which you will likewise honour & place to the Ship Golcondas  Acct – I very much wish to review the A/S of the Brig Leader Cargo for last year as well as my A/C with you - 

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            12 m 25 1819

 

                        Inclosed I hand you my setts of Exchange on WE & EB Lawrence for £630 at 60 Days which you will please dispose of to best advantage & place the Sum to the Golcondas Acct unless you have closed her Acct if so please place to my Cr

I am &

 

To Crocker Bush & Richmond                         12 m 31 1819

 

                        Your favour of the 14th Inst with a Statement of my Acct annex’d was duly recd – the drft advised is paid – your charges appear incorrect, the first parcel of hoops was to be at 135 Dlls as will appear by our correspondents at the time the 600 Dlls was paid – the second parcel I have no Acct - please say by what conveyance they were sent & the price of course will not be over 135 Dlls – the third parcel I had Credited at 135 Dlls at the time they were recd – the fourth parcel was likewise Credited at the same – the fifth parcel I have recd only about 4 Cwt. they are on hand the price will depend on what they may be – the next parcel appears to be many chd, I have no acct of them – I gave a recpt to the Capt when they were recd – the surplus quantity of what was ordered & now on hand with the last parcel sent say 3 Tons will be at the price they are now offereing at say 130 Dlls at which price they have been offered to only L Perkins & Co within one month past – you will please look over  the Acct & advise me as soon as convenient –

I am &

198

 

To William Welles                                                        1 mo 2 1820

 

                                    I shall be obliged by thy sending me by Sloop Rockets 25 Bls Sfine Flour & for the Amot please draw on Fish & Grinnell of New York whom I will direct to accept they Drft for the Amot for my acct – I sincerely hope thou will succeed in business to thy utmost satisfaction –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            1 mo 30 1820

 

                        You will please pay to the Order of SamuelWilliams & Co of Union Springs [?] NewYork $155 - & place the same to my Acct

I am &

 

To Samuel Williams & Co                                 1 mo 31 1820

 

                        I have at length been able to collect the Dft a L Evens for $400 – it would have been collected with much less trouble to have collected the Amot in any Seaport in the United States – I have directed Fish & Grinnell to pay to your order $155 – which with the Postage of a letter to them directing the same of [?]182 & 25 cts attending the collection of the Drft makes up the sum of $155.44 – the Amot enclosed in the Dft due you –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 2 mo 27 1820

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours to Decr 11 1819 have been duly recd & their contents noted that of Dec 1 – covering my A/C for 1818 balance in my favour (by the acct) of £4060.0.2 – is likewise recd & is not correct – the remittance from Paris of £2120.0.4 – should be

199

disponsed of in the following manner – James Howland to be Credited with £330.10.0 – J & J Howland with £330.10.0 & myself the balance say £1459.0.4 – which will make the sum of £2120.0.4 – as advised in my letter to you of 5 mo 31 1819 – you will please to make the transfer in conformity to the above statement – the Acct otherways appears correct – the Golcondas A/C is likewise recd. the charge of Taxes &[?] bill of Expenses for the Brig Protection at Falmouth you will please charge to her [?cr] as much as is of right for her to pay – the charge is £11.16.11 – I shall expect the George & Susan in about 3 Month with a Cargo of Whale Oil which will be intended for an European market –

I am &

 

To Frederick & [?Everhd] Delius                                   2 mo 27 1820

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of Oct 13 & 25 & Nov 3 & 27 1819 has been duly recd – the latter covering Sales of 42 Casks Whale Oil ship’d per the Benezet [?Npds] of which £523.16.11 – having been remitted WE & EB Lawrence London if agreeable to instructions to Capt Dunbar they have advised me ↑of↓ the receipt of the same which closes that transaction –

I am &

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                              2 m 27 1820

 

                                    Your esteemed favours of the 31 of Augt & 25 Sept 1819 were duly recd & likewise the Try pots in good order & for your attention I feel particularly obliged – I shall expect the George & Susan in about 3 Months from the South Sea with a Cargo of Whale Oil which will be intended for an European Market –

I am &

200

 

To H H Meier & Co                                                                 3 m 18 1820

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of 27 Au 10 Nvr & 18 [?] 1819 ↑& 7 Jan 7 1820 ↓ have been duly recd with A/S of the Oils from the Ann Alexander – I wish you to direct the Acct of the [?Npd] of Sales of Oil of James Howlands [?th] Ann Alexander to be placed to his Cr with WE & EB Lawrence London – I directed Capt Howland to direct the remittance as above – I wish you to cause this to be particularly done, as I have no kind of Interest in it further than to make the Shipment – I hope you will were particular to cause each parcell of Oil to be fill’d up from its own parcell there appears to be a very great deficiency or a great number of empty Casks which were caused in filling up the other Casks of Oil –

I am &

 

To William Welles                                            4 mo 15 1820

 

                                    Thy several esteemed favours of  3 mo 1.14&18 have been duly recd, as was likewise the 25 Bl Flour fm the Rockets – I intended to have written thee by the  Traveller but I neglected it – I shall be glad for thee to send me 25 Bls cX 25 Bls fine & 25 Bls Sfine Flour by the Traveller should this letter reach thee in time to send it by here, if not, send it by first conveyance by another vessell if the cX flour cannot be had thee will make up the quantity with fine flour & for the Amot I will direct Fish & Grinnell to accept thy Drft –

I am &

 

To WE & EB Lawrence                                   4 mo 20 1820

 

                                    Your several esteemed fafours of 30 Jany 9 & 22nd Feby have been duly recd & likewise my A/C to Decr 31 1819 which appears correct excepting the debiting [?] the

201

of that acct of £1000 my bill to Fish & Grinell which aught to be placed to the Golcondas Acct & likewise Credited my Acct with £13.13.10 Dec 30 [18??] which should have been one year sooner – I notice your having recd from H Meier & Co £4003.1.8 for my Acct, they aught to have directed a part of this sum placed to the Credit of James Howland they have it yet to do – I have this day drawn on you 3 setts of Exchange [?] in favour of W & G Allen at 60 Days for £250 £200 & £150 each makg together £600 which you will please honour & place to my acct

I am &

 

To Giles Robinson & Elihu Eldridge                              5 mo 7 1820

 

                        Your letter of the 3 Ulto I duly recd but have neglected to pay reply to it sooner – with respect to defering or lengthening the time of payment I am willing to do it upon reasonable terms, that is I shall expect compound Interest – which you must think is altogether reasonable – for if I defer payment on your accomodation, why should you object to me the Interest on the whole money that may be ↑thus↓ due me at the stipulated time of your own agreement – If you agree to pay me anual payments of $100 principle & $7 Intert this is due me at the end of the year $107 – this payment is put of one year longer, for what reason should I not receive the Interest on the 107 instead of the $100 – certainly the 107$ is as much due as

202

the $100 is – I shall expect compound Interest on the whole principle it is what I pay myself & what others pay which is reasonable to be paid –

I am &

 

W E & E B Lawrence                          5 mo 30 1820

 

                                    The George & Susan has arrived with a Cargo of Whale Oil – I have agreed to load the Brig Gleaner Capt J Delano for her Cargo for Bremen unless you should be able to advise her to a more favourable market on the Continent, for which purpose she will call off Dover for your Instructions – I have the liberty of any Port not East of Bremen – I am about to request W & E Lawrence & Co to send me some more Try Pots you will please reimburse them the Amot

I am &

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                  6 m 2 1820

 

                        Your favour of the 4th March I duly recd – I shall be much obliged by your sending me by first conveyance – 2 Try Pots of 60 Glls 4 Do of 84 Glls 6 Do of 100 Glls 4 Do of 110 Glls & 4 Do of 120 Glls of the same kinds you have sent me heretofore – I should like you would send me also 6 Copper hand pumps for Ship use, I want them about 2 Inches [?deaneln] with [?abolot] on the Top with Copper Boxes & Clapper & about 4 feet long – I wish to procure these as a pattern – WE & EB Lawrencewill reimburse the Amot

I am &

 

To Cap Charles Covell                                                 6 m 3 1820

 

                                    Thou wilt probably sail in the morning Master of the Ship Ann Alexander on a Whaling

203

Voyage to the Brazil Banks & as thou art early in the season for the Banks, I wish thee to run out well to the S W & take the N’ern edge of the Current & follow it to the eastward & so off the Western Islands with a view of taking some Sperm Whales, should thee be blest with the success that some have had, I have full faith I shall have a good acct from thee before thee passes the Western Islands – I recommend thy spending some  considerable time off the Western Islands & not to be in a hurry for the Banks as long as there is any prospect of getting Sperm Oil by Crusing round the Islands – thee will  then proceed for the Bank & fill up thy Ship & return home with all possible speed – annexed thee has a list of the [?Sops]

                                    sailed 6 4th

                                                                                    I am &

 

To Crocker Bush & Richmond                                     6 m 3 1820

 

                        I shall be obliged by your sending me 3 Tons 4d & 1 Ton 3d Hoops of good quality by first conveyance please say when I may expect them –

I am &

 

To H H Meier & Co                                         6 m 17 1820

 

                        Inclosed I hand you Invoice & bill of lading of the Cargo of Brig Gleaner Capt Delano of Whale Oil – which Vessell is directed to call off Dover, with a  view of receiving instructions from W E & E B Lawrence of London for the state of the markets at the different Ports on the Continent in the event of his not geting any advices from London he is directed to proceed for Bremen – should the Gleaner arrive safe in your River, I wish you to use your best judgment in disposing of her Cargo to advantage you will find the quality

204

to be very excellent – should exchange be unfavourable to remit to London & Dollars could be procured without loss you will send me by return of the Brig one half the probable Amot of the Sales of her Cargo in Dollars & the balance you will remit to WE & EB Lawrence London for my Acct, whenever it can be done to most advantage to my Interest – of if it should in your judgment be more to my Interest you can remit the whole Amot of the Sales to my friends in London – I should prefer having the Cargo sold from the Wharf in preference to storing it – which will always be attended with expense this Cargo is all full bounds with wood hoops & I have no doubt but it will come out in excellent order & that you will find it not necessary to have any expense of cooperage on it – this Cargo was taken from the Wharf where is was first landed & it is very probable that there are several casks taken onboard without being marked, should this be the case Capt Delano will very readily deliver them – as it is possible the Brig may be ordered to some other Port & if that should be the case, whoever may be the Consignee as directed by my London friends, they will take this letter for their government the same as if it had been addressed to them direct by me –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 6 mo 17 1820

 

                        I wrote you on the 30th Ulto advising of my having agree’d to load the Brig Gleaner Capt Delano with Oil for Bremen, unless you could advise her to some other more favourable Port, for which purpose she would call off Dover

205

for your instructions, this Vessell will sail in the morning with upwards of 1100 Bls of Oil for my Acct & hope you will be able to direct her to a good market – I have directed this proceeds to be remitted you, unless it should be found more to my Interest to ship me Dollars by the return of the Brig –

I am&

 

To Capt J Delano                                             6 m 17 1820

 

                                    Thou will in conformity with my agreement with the Owner of the Brig Gleaner call off Dover for the purpose of receiving instructions from W E  & E B Lawrence of London should thee receive any communication from them, thou will please be governed by it & proceed for the Port which they may direct, they will name to thee, the consignee, to whem thee will hand the letter directed to H. H. Meier & Co of Bremen to be opened by him or their acct may be – If thou should not after waiting a suitable time, receive any information from my London friends, thou will then proceed to Bremen & deliver thy Cargo to H H Meier & Co

I am &

 

To Cap Ambrose Whitens                                            6 mo 29 1820

 

                                    The George  & Susan is again under the Comd on a Whaling Voyage to the Brazil Bank – I recommend thy runnin out to the Southd with a view to look over the southern whale ground, I think the chance is good with a good look out for a sperm Whale or two before thee should reach the Western Islands I wish thee to Cruise around the Island a few days for Sperm Whales & the event of thy geting any it will be well to ship it home from the Cape Verdes should an opportunity offer if not keep it with thee on the Ship – I wish thee to continue thy Voyage as long as thy provisions last unless thee should be fortunate in filling up sooner

206

I wish thee to use thy endeavours to promote harmony as much as possible, particularly with the Officers – wishing thee a short & pleasant Voyage –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                     7 mo 16 1820

 

                        Your esteemed favours of the 10th April & 12 & 16 of May has been duly recd – you advise in the former of your having passed £1.2.8 to the credit of the Golconda, apart of the expenses of the brigt Protection of Falmouth, which was discharged to her in the sum of £11.16.11 – you must have made a mistake in the business, if you refer to the bills made out by the Foxes & Sons (a copy of which you sent me) you will see that they made two bills, one against Brig for £7.4.11 & one to you for £4.12.0 – the former is wholly to be paid by the Brigt  & I think all the latter excepting 4[?] on the order send down by you they were to pay their expences, it is what I have always done in similar cases, when I have had Vessels to stop at Falmouth for Orders – If you examine the items which compose the Amot of the bills you will readily see the propreity of what  I have stated – they were to call at Falmouth for your Orders, & they have it appears chosen to keep the Brig at Sea a hope to save the light money etc - should I be put to any expense in consequnce of this – I must say not – you will Credit the Golconda & charge the Protection with all the first bill of 7.4.11 & a part at least of the second, the boat have £1.5.0 chd in that bill which the owners of the Cargo has nothing to do with – I have this day

207

drawn on you at 60 Days in favour of Fish & Grinnell for £500 which you will please honour & place the same to acct of the Golconda after which you will please close her Acct & pay the balance to my Acct – I have likewise drawn another bill at the same time & date for £750 which you will please honour likewise & place the Amot to my Acct

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            7 m 18 1820

 

                        Inclosed I hand you my two setts of Exchange at 60 Days on W E & E B Lawrence London for £750 & 500 £ which you will please dispose of on the best terms & place the Amot to my Credit – the letter enclosed please forward by differenct Vessells –

I am &

 

To Capt George Hussey                                   7 mo 18 1820

 

                                    Annex’d I hand the Invoice of  46 Casks Whale Oil Containing 4164 Glls which I wish thee to have disposed of on the best terms possible at thy Port of discharge, the proceeds of which I wish placed to my Credit with W E & E B Lawrence London –

I am &

 

To Welles Williams & Greene               7 mo 19 1820

 

                        Inclosed I hand you a small Drft of [? 6 Sarver] on [Brunn?] for $78 for supplies to the Ship Harpooner on the Brazil Bank by Capt Whitens of the George & Susan – will you have the goodness to collect the same & place the Amot of proceeds to my Credit with W E & E B Lawrence London –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 7 m 19 1820

 

                        I have this day drawn on you in favour of W& G Allen for £500 Stg at 60 Days, which you will have the goodness to honour & place the same to my Acct

I am &

208 [The dates suggest that this page and the next may have been written before several of the preceeding pages and are therefore out of sequence.]

 

To Arnold Welles Esr                                        8 mo 1 1820

 

                                    Annex’d I hand thee a Check on the NE Bank for $ 301 for the Amot of my Prin Note on the George & Susan – have the goodness to distroy the Note – the George & Susan sail’d again on the 1st of last Month, if 4 pCt would do for her I should like to have a policy ^on her^ for the same Voyage & Amot as last year – I think 4 pCt on a Vessell to the Brazil Bank is as good, or better than 8 PCt on a Cape Horn Voyage – I think the Underwriters on the Brigt Protection & Cargo (Cap Tripp) to Hamburg last year would not consider this labor lost, if they should examin into the General Average made up on the Vessell & Cargo by Capt Tripp –

I am &

 

To John R Harwood                                         8 mo 8 1820

 

                        Annexed I hand the A/S of Corn per the Globe Npds $958.64 to thy Credit, which hope will be found correct, likewise $60.04 is to thy Cr recd from W James – the Corn I fear will prove a bad specultion to all concerned, [?L& L] have not been able to sell more than about 400 bus here, they have shipd to the Eastward & elsewhere to make a market – there has been the best of Northern Corn retailing here the most of the time since the Globe arrived at 60 Cts per busl by the single busl – please inform me the prospect of geting good staves, say pipe, hhd & [?] – I should like to have a few pipe Staves of good quality equal to those sent me by Cap [?B] some time since – its likely some Eastern vessell bound home light may be induced to take staves low –

I am &

209

 

To Thomas W Paivo                                         8 mo 9 1820

 

                                    Thy favr of the 14th Sept last I duly recd & intended long ere this to have answered it, but absences & other causes have prevented – Inclosed I hand the $1 for the Map of Illinois lands thee had the goodness to send me – If thou hast stil the 5 qr sections of Illinois lands for sale, will thou have the goodness to say what would be thy lowest price for them –

I am &

 

To Van Zandt & Rockwell                                            8 mo 9 1820

 

                                    My frind Thomas W Pavio of your City has named your House to me, as being acquainted with having Illinois lands recorded & Taxes paid & that you would probable take the trouble to have some done for me, will you have the goodness to say wheather you would be willing to do it & what would be the expenses attending it, please print out the [?course] for me, if you should accept to have it done for me –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 8 mo 12 1820

 

                        In my letter of instructions which accompanied the Gleaner Cargo I requested that 1/2 of the Amot of her Cargo may be sent to me in Specie, provided it coud be done to more advantage to my Interest than remitting to London, therefore I wish you to direct the whole Amot sent me in Specie if in your judgment it will be to my Interet to do, as likewise the little shipment made to Amsterdam in the Brig [?Ov] Cap Hussey – I leave the whole under your direction to act as may appear best –

I am &

210

 

To H H Meier & Co                                         8 mo 20 1820

 

                                    Above I hand you invoice & inclosed a bill of lading for 20 Casks Whale Oil which you will have the goodness to receive & dispose of for my Acct to best advantage, for the Amot you may sent me by the Indian Chief, the Dollars you will have the kindness to observe on remitting me any Specie that it be done in 5 frank pieces or Spanish Milled Dollars as on most other kinds of Specie there is a loss – I have no acct as yet of the destination of the Gleaner should it be Bremen you will be governed by that which will tend most to my Interest in remitting me the whole or part or some in Specie for her Cargo – Bills at this moment are 2 pCt on London & are improving –

I am &

 

To VanZandt & Rockwell                                 9 mo 2 1820

 

                                    Your favours of the 15th Ulto I duly recd & in conformity to directions I have subjoined a list of the Illinois Bounty lands which I wish to have recorded & have enclose two Twenty Dollar United States Notes of the Philadelphia [?Branch] which hope will answer the same purpose as a Check, as requested this Amot I expect will answer the same purpose exceed the Amot of Taxes which when assertained may be handed over to Thomas H Howland of Alexandria –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland and Son                             9 mo 23 1820

 

                                    Will you be so good as to inform me whether Staves can readily be procured at Baltimore of good quality & the price & what they could be freighted to this Port at –

I am &

 


211

 

To John R Harwood                                         9 m 23 1820

 

                                    Thy favours of the 30th Ulto I duly recd thy Drfts will meet due honour – If good staves can be procured at a fair price, I should like to have sent me by first conveyance at reasonable freight 5 to 10 m hhds 3 to 5 m Bls Staves - & about 2 m pipe Staves if very good ones can be procured if not, the pipe Staves may be omitted – thou will have the goodness to inform me wheather its likely the Staves can be procured in the course of next month –

I am &

 

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                               9 mo 23 1820

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 22nd  of July is duly recd & notice the contents – I hope soon to receive the Pots & pumps – I shall now be obliged by a further supply of Pots say Ten of 100 Glls Ten of 110 & 10 of 120 Glls each – I wish them forwarded with as little delay as possible – for the Amot of Cost please call on W E & E B Lawrence to whom I will write & request they will meet the Amot for my Acct

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 9 mo 23 1820

 

                        Your esteemed favours of the 16th May 8th June 18th & 28th July are duly recd – I very much regret Capt Delano’s not ↑stopping to↓ wating your instructions at Dover for the destination of the Gleaner, he must have been remis in his duty – I have requested W & E Lawrence & Co to send me a few more Pots, please have the goodness to meet the Amot for my Acct

I am &

 

To H H Meier & Co                             9 m 22 1820

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of 2 & 15 Feby 10, 15, 19 & 29 May 1 & 2nd June & 22 & 26 July have been duly recd - & note

212

that you had directed W E & & E B Lawrence to place the Amot of the Sales of the Ann Alexander Cargo to the Credit of the Shipper – I must call your attention to this business again & request you will direct the Amot in Stg to be placed to the Ct of James Howland for the Amot of her Sales of 46 Cask Oil Ship’d per the Ann Alexander & forward me or him an A/C stating the same that he may see the transaction is directed by you, that it is wright, you will have the goodness to do this as soon as your convenience will admit – he is a man that is not so well acquainted with accts as some & as long as this is blended with my acct he may think some advantage is taken – I hope their will not be so much leakage on theGleaners Cargo as the Ann Alexander & if there should, that the empty Cask may be sold for the benefit of the Shipper – I think the Oil must have been plundered –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland                                           10 mo 8 1820

 

                                    Thy esteemed favr of 30 Sept I duly   recd – I shall be obliged by thy sending me 30 m hhd 3 m Pipe & 5 m Bl Staves provided they can be procured of good quality & can be ship’d at a frt not exceeding $10 per m for hhd Staves & the other kinds in proportion – the quantity of  [?chd] Staves may be [?inevared] on demand to accomodate the size of the Vessell which thee may be able to procure to best advantage – I wish thee to be very particular in the quality of the staves – I wish them to be good & seasoned if they can be had if not green must answer – J Arnold recd some hhd staves from Baltimore not long since ch’d at 28 [?Dlls] however I have no doubt but thee will do the best for me that can be done- I will direct Fish & Grinnell to accept thy drfts for the Amot

I am &

213

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                              11 m 7 1820

 

                                    Since writing your 9 m 23 I have your favours of Augt 11 & 16 & Sep 4 – I have likewise recd in good order the 22 Try Pots 6 Copper Pumps – the pumps do not answer my expectations the price high they can be made in this town for the same cost – I should like you would send me one Copper Pump of my first description for a pattern – those you sent with a joint in them are of no advantage – I shall be oblig’d by your sending me a further quantity of Try Pots say 10 of 120 Glls 10 of 130 Glls with two flat sides to them & 40 of 84 & 2 of 60 Gll – you will have the goodness to forward them as soon as they can be procured – I will request W E & E B Lawrence to reimburse the Amot

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            11 mo 7 1820

 

                                    You had the goodness to say you would be willing to take the care of my Son George while at School in New York – I now send him & shall feel myself under great obligation if you will take the mindful care of him & pay ↑his board & schooling & other necessary expenses -↓

            all expenses for him that you would be willing to indulge in or Could of your own, I no not wish him indulged in anything that should be improper & should by all means wish  him restrain’d – but I do not value any expense, or reason, that may be a benefit to him – I promise you will find him very willing to be restrain’d in any thing & will conform to your wishes – I am & I wish him kept [?] to his studies & not to be indulged in any thing that should not be considered prefectly consistent –

I am &

214

 

To Capt James Bennett                                     11 m 27 1820

 

                                    Thy letter of Feby 10 I duly recd by the Brig [?Orpra] & was much pleased in noting the contents particularly where thee mentions of having a good Crew & that you harmonized – but it was of short duration – reports very soon circulated that thee treated thy Crew badly particulary thy Officers, this I am unwilling to Credit – but of its possible to be so, I have to request you to direct that thee will use thy Crew as they aught to be, treat them as men, not as bruts – what can thee expect to do in getting a Voyage with thy whole Crew against thee, they care wheather they get a Voyage or not – consider how thee can acquit thyself to thy Owners who placed such an amot of property to thy charge - ^it is the wish of thy Owners for thee to^

               treat thy Crew well, particularly thy Officers, respect them that they may be respected – if thee has aught against them take them below out of the hearing of the Crew & then admonish them & that in a way not to injure their spirits – for men without Spirits are mere machines – no Voyage can be obtained I am satisfied unless you all strive together – this  understanding to order ^& leverage over^ men cannot be done to any kind of effort further than is reasonable even in doing this the Master must have their confidence it is done without a wish even to do so further than necessity calls – I can but hope the reports are unfounded & that I shall have better accts soon – be assured it give me uneasiness as well as the other owners – the report we have is that all every man even the Officers are ready to leave the Ship the first opportunity –  Sperm Whale Oil is worth $1 [?] by the Cargo – I heard of thee (but not from thee) by the South America with 160 [?] Oil –

I am &

215

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                                                       12 m 4 1820

 

                        Since writing you on the 7th of last month I am without any of your favours to reply to – I shall be obliged by your forwarding me as soon as may be 10 – 84 Glls & 8 – 60 Glls Try Pots of the same pattern as heretofor sent – I will direct W E & E B Lawrence to pay the Amot

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             1 mo 4 1821

 

                                    I have duly recd your several esteemed favours of August 19th Sep 3d & 29 & Octr 9 & note their Contents, that of Sepr 29 advising of having recd a remittance from Capt Hussey at Amsterdam for £322.15.4 Stg which is placed to your Acct – I have since writing you  9 m 23 directed two↑three↓ parcels more Try Pots for the Amot of which, I shall be obliged by your paying to W & E Lawrence & Co & placing the same to my Acct – We find much difficulty in procuring good Sheathing Copper, our Whale Ships or some of them at least have worn their Copper all off their Bottoms in one Voyage owing to the Copper being bad – I shall be obliged by you procuring me 850 sheets^ of Copper^ of the description as at foot & forwarding by first Ship to Boston or NewYork – I wish such procured that you can rely on being good – very great inconvenience as well as expense attends when a Ship is Coppered with poor Copper – I expect two Ships this Spring with Whale Oil I fear the price in Europe will be low owing to the great  success of your fleet

 

350 Sheets 28 oz Copper                                 I am &

200  D        26 oz      D

200  D        24 oz      D

100  D        22 oz      D

216

 

To Van Zandt & Rockwell                                            1 mo 4 1821

 

                                    I have been expecting for some time to have had some advice from you respecting the Taxes being paid on my Illinois Bounty lands – please have the goodness to advise me by return of Mail wheather they have been paid & if they have, please forward the Tax assessors receipt for the same & much oblige your Friend George Howland

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                                        1 mo 4 1821

 

                                    In answer to that part of your letter to R Brayton requesting ↑to know how your shall↓ the manner of your forwarding those Staves Contracted for with Ryeburg – I am directed by the Individuals here who take the Staves, to request you to forward them to the individuals, in ^direct^ the way as a proportion to each↑as the amount by you↓

                                                                                                to suit your own convenience charging the same to those forwarded to, or if you have no acct with such individuals them draw on them at Sight for the Amot – you need not forward me any out of the first parcels –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                               1 m 13 1821

 

                                    My friends in Bremen have sent me by the Brig Eight Sons from Amsterdam for Boston to your care $600 Spanish Dollars – you will please deliver the same to A A Lawrence of Boston for Acct of M & G Allen of this place after deducting frt & your charges –

I am &

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                               1 mo 14 1821

 

                                    I wrote you on the fourth of last Mo requesting you would send me a few more Try Pots – I now have to make a request of further quantity of small Pots – unexpectedly the demand for that description has incraseed – you will

217

please forward me 10 of 60 Glls & 6 of 84 Gls Try Pots of the same kind as heretofore – you will please forward them with as little delay as possible – for the Amot please call on WE & EB Lawrence –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 4 mo 5 1821

 

                                    I have agreed to load the Brig Jane Capt Hodgkins with Oil for a Port in Europe she is to call off Dover for your directions for a port of discharge – I have agreed she shall not be detain’d, she will probably proceed for Bremen should she not receive your Instructions in season – you will have the goodness to be as promp’d as particable in giving your instructions – the Brig will probably sail in about two weeks

            I wrote you a few lines yesterday by the Clitus advising of my having taken up the Jane & mentioned the Masters name was Newcomb which was a Mistake – I may wish to draw in anticipation of this Cargo as Exchange is very favourable 7 pct advance, please say wheather such a course would be admit ted by you –

I am &

 

To [blank]                                            [no date]

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you Invoice and Bill of Lading of 402 Casks Whale Oil ship’d by the Brig’ Jane Capt Hodgkins for my Account to your address, this Oil is of an excellent quality, of which circumstance hope you will be able to derive some advantage, this Oil having been filled up here when the weather was quite cold, will render it necessary to take some care that the casks do not strain, should the Oil be landed in hot weather the Bungs of

218

the Casks should be started as soon as it is landed – I should wish the Oil sold from the landing unless strong circumstances should operate against such a course – you will remit the proceeds to my credit with W E & E B Lawrence of London by whom you will please be governed in regard to the remittances – there is one Cask of Oil in dispute with the mate should it not be on board you will not require its delivery, the whole Cargo of the brig is ship’d by me excepting 57 Casks ship’d by Capt Nye – Capt Hodgkins will deliver all on board, let it more or less, I think its more likely to overun ^ a Cask^ than to fall short – as we are one Cask short in the quantity which I had to ship by the Jane-       

George Howland

 

To Capt John Hodgkins                        [ no date]

 

                                    I some time since wrote WE & EB Laurence of London, to be prepared with directions at Dover for the port of discharge of the Brig Jane under thy Command, thou will have the goodness to call off Dover for their instructions & on receiving them thou wilt please be governed accordingly shouldst thou not after waiting a suitable time off Dover receive any instructions from my London Friends, thou will in that case proceed for Bremen & there deliver the Cargo to my Friends H H Meier & Co, to whom

219

please deliver my letter – wishing thee a pleasant safe & speedy Voyage etc    

George Howland

 

To Joseph Peabody

     Joseph Story &

     William [?Pull]                                             5 mo 28 1821

 

                                    Your favor of the 16 & 20 Ulto I duly recd we have should most cordially coopperate with you in the endeavours to get the Tax on Bank Capital repealed, would not that our Stockholders have decided to petition the Court for an extension of our Capital – should you not succeed at the present sitting of the Court we may at a future period be ready to act in concert for the object proposed –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 6 mo 24 1821

 

                                    I have none of your esteemed favours to reply to since my last  f B of 4 mo 5 last – I now have to advise you of my having agreed to load the Ship Porcia Capt [Joseph] Bailey with Oil for a port on the Continet of Europe & to call off Dover for your Instructions for a port of Discharge – I shall be much obliged by your Advising Capt Bailey what Port to proceed for & likewise give him the name of the House to which you may direct the Cargo you will loose no time in forwarding Capt Baileys Orders, as no doubt he will be off Dover by the time your Order can reach that place – the Ship will take 16 or 1700 Bls -  I have no advice respecting the Copper directed in the 1 mo last – the George & Susan is now here & will want it soon –

I am &

220

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                                         7 mo 6 1821

 

                        Since writing you on the 24th Ulto I have none of your favours to reply to – I have this day drawn on you in favour of W & G Allen for £500 Stg in anticipation of the James Cargo (agreeable to the limit in my letter of 4 m 5 last) which hope you will honor & place the Amot to my Acct – The Porcia is now nearly loaded with Oil & will be ready to sail next week for Dover for your instructions for the best market – she will have about 1600 Bls for my Acct 1800 Bls altogether in her – I am disappointed in not yet receiving the Copper for the George & Susan –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            7 mo 7  1821

 

                                    I notice your observations respecting American Copper & should like for you to procure for the George & Susan 850 Sheets of this Copper, provided there has none arrived at New York for me from London on the receipt of this & that it can be perpared within 10 or 12 Days from the receipt of this letter,  I expect to want to use it between 2 & 3 weeks – please say what Nales can be procured at suitable to sheath & Copper with please send me 10 pc Ravens Duck of best qualtiy & 6 pc half Russian Duck of good quality – I shall want about 20 Bls Beef & Pork please say if its likely to alter in price –  [?] please honour Lewis Ludlam Dft for

250 sheets 28 oz                                                          my Acct

300 D        26

150 D        24

150 D        22

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                           7 mo 6 1821

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your sending me 20 pc of your best Russian Duck & 50 [?] Twine by first convenyance-

I am &

 

To Lewis Ludlam                                                          7 mo 7 1821

 

                                    Thy letter of the 30th Ulto with Invoice & bill of Lading for 60 Bl Flour annexed I recd last evening – I shall be obliged by your sending me a further quantity of Flour by first conveyance

221

say 10 Bls Sfine & 40 Bls Fine Flour & for the Amot please draw on Fish & Grinnell

I am &

 

To Capt Joseph A Bailey                                              7 mo 13 1821

 

                                    Thou will have the goodness to proceed with the Ship Porcia off Dover, & there to receive the Instructions of W E & E B Lawrence of London – for a Port for the discharge of thy Cargo by which thou will please be governed – they will likewise furnish thee with the name of the House to they address the Cargo & to whom please deliver my letter – it is not expected by me that they will direct thee to any Port in France or in the Baltic, but if contrary to expectation, they should thou art at liberty of course to object to proceed & request them to direct some other Port – wishing thee a pleasant & prosperous Voyage I am Thy Friend –

 

To the Consignee of the

            Ship Porcias Cargo                                           7 mo 13 1821

 

                                                Inclosed I hand thee Invoice & Bill of Landing of 443 Casks South Sea Oil Shiped by me, by the Ship Porcia which Vessell will proceed off Dover for W E & E B Lawrence Instructions for the ↑her↓ Port of Discharge, I have requested Cap Bailey to hand this letter to whom may be the Consignee of the his Cargo

            Thou will notice the Invoice of 365 Casks is ship’d for my own Acct & the Invoice of the 71 Casks is ship’d as express’d in the head of the Invoice – this Parcel of Oil has something of an unpleasant smell, but hope it will not injure the sale of it – you will please be governed by W E & E B Lawrence in the sale of this Cargo, I do not wish the sale [?hurnaged] against my interest – but if it can be sold as well from the Vessell it will of course be best to do it, by which means much expense may be saved – but if any advantage can be had by holding the Cargo a while I should much prefer it – I wish Sales

222

rendered for each parcel separate & the remittance made to ^ the^ Credit of each Shipper with W E & E B Lawrence of London – you will please be very particular that each parcel is kept entirely distinct hoping you will be able to make a favorable Sale of this Cargo that encouragement may be had for further shipments another Season – the present low price will I fear entirely discourage the exportation of the article – I dont expect there will be more than one or two such Cargos more exported from the United States this season – our fleet is now in & the Oil gone to market –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 7 mo 14 1821

 

                                    The Ship Porcia is expected to sail this day for Dover for your instruction directing her port of Discharge  I hope you will be able to find a good market for it altho the prices in Europe look very discouraging for this article,  I have directed the Consignee of the Cargo to be governed by you in the Sale & remittance – I should like to  draw for boath Cargos while Exchange is favourable – I shall be obliged by your requesting your House at Liverpool to send me by first opportunity 10 Try pots of 130 Gls 10 Do of 120 Gls & Do of 100 Gls each – I wish the two first sizes to have two flat sides to them & the latter may be round – I wish them about in the proportion of shope to the 100 Gls pots heretofor sent me –

I am &

 

To W & E Lawrence & Co                                          7 mo 28 1821

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of the 6 Decr 30 Jany 17 Feby & 16 April last have been duly recd with each an Invoice of Try pots inclose – & likewise the Try pots have been recd in good order – the 10 large try pots of 130 Glls were not a good shope they were too deep & too heavy – I have requested M E & E B Lawrence

223

under date of the 14th Inst to request of you to send me 10 Try pots of 130 Gls 10 Ditto of 120 Gls & 6 Do of 100 Gls each, which I now confirm & request you will add 10 more of 140 Gls each – I wish them to be of good proportion as to width & hight – about with the 100 Gl pots heretofore sent – the Amot of the Invoice say £95.16.2 - £94.13.11 – £40.15.11 & £34.7.1 with 3/1 Portage added to the first Invoice is plaaced to the Credit of W E & E B Lawrence – the above try pots excepting the 100 Glls ones, I wish to have two flat sides to them –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrene                                               7 mo 28 1821

 

                                    Your favours of the 20 & 28 May I have recd the former with Invoice of Copper, which has arrived at New York – the Amot £339.19.6 to your Credit – I have noticed the arrival of the Jane at Rottendam where I hope she will meet with a favourable market for Oil – I directed the Consignee of the Janes Cargo to follow your Instructions as to remittance etc. – wishing to avail myself of the present favourable state of Exchange – I have drawn under this date two setts of Exchange for £500 each in favour of W & G Allen which you will have the goodness to honour & place the same to my Acct – the Bills are at 60 Days – the Porcia sail’d the 15th Inst –

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            7 mo 28 1821

 

                        In your letter of the 5th Inst you advise of having paid Lewis Ludlums Drft for $224.55 & placed the Amot to my Acct I shall be obliged by your placing this Amot to the George & Susan Acct- by yours of the 6th Inst I have recd a bill of [?horuss] Tar & Rozin $474.65 this sum please place to the George & Susan Acct likewise – in yours of the 11th Inst you mention that Copper Nails can be had at 26 Cts [?] you will please send me with the Copper 200 [?] of a 2 Inch long & 250 [?]

224

of 1 ½ Inch long, which are the lengths you sent me some time ago for the George & Susan & Golconda – the Amot of cost of the Nails you will please place to the George & Susan Acct as likewise all expenses on the Copper & by yours of the 12th Inst I recd a bill of 16 ps Duck Amot 184.30 this sum please place to the George & Susan acct – the 6 ps of course heavy Ravens Duck which you sent for half Russian Duck will not answer the purpose – the Shrouding is recd in good order – your of the 26th I have likewise recd & notice your observations respecting the [?Am] Copper – I had previous to the receipt of your letter call’d on W W L respect’g the Copper he wished to hear from Hendricks before he could decide – you will please not forward the Copper until something further is decided on –

I am &

 

To Capt Edward Gardner                                             7 mo 30 1821

 

                                    Know all men by these presents that We Daniel Ricketson & Joseph Ricketson doing business under the firm of D Ricketson & Son & George Howland all of New Bedford in the County of Bristol & Commonwealth of Massachusetts Merchants have made ordained constituted & appointed & by them presents do make ordain authorize, constitute & appoint Capt Edward Gardner of Nantucket Ship Master our true & lawful Attorney for us & now name & behalf to take full & enter direction of the Ship Golconda of New Bedford now in the Pacific Ocean James Bennett Master, & to do with her as in his judgment shall seem best for the Interest of her Owners – And to make & execute all necessary acts of settlement assignments & transfers ratifying & conferming & by these presents allowing whatever out said attorney

225

shall in our name lawfully do or cause to be done in & about the [?Proceses], by [?p] of these [?Presents] –

                                                In writing whereof we have

here unto set our hands & seal this 30th day of the 7 Month July 1821

 

Sign’d & seal’d & deliverd

in the presence of us                     Joseph Ricketson

 John Put[?]                                Daniel Ricketson by [?]

 Lud Williams                                     Joseph Ricketson

                                                        George Howland

 

To Capt Edmund Gardner                                 7 mo 30 1821

 

                                    I herewith hand thee a power of Attorney giving thee full power to exercise thy judgment & discretion in the management & direction of the Ship Golconda we wish thee to do as if the Ship was thy own & we shall be satisfyed –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland                               8 mo 1 1821

 

                                    Thy esteemed favr of the 25th Ulto with T Parker letter addressed to thee annex’d I recd last evening – Capt Hathaway being a little out of town prevented my seeing him until today – he says he was not at Coquimbo [Chile] himself but understood that the Chesapeake was condemn’d at Coquimbo in consequence of having been broken down or Split open with her Cargo of Copper, & that the Ship [?H] of Nantucket was taking in what she could of it (about 200 Tons) to bring to the United States - & that the American Frigate arrived at Valparaiso while he was there & immediately on hearinig of the situation of the Chesapeake, she went to her assistance any further enquiring that may be wanted will be made & communicated with pleasure –

I am &

226

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 8 mo 4 1821

 

                                                Your esteemed favour of the 18 June with one enclosed from Sturenberg & Co  was duly recd – I was pleased to find the Jane had safely arrived at Rotterdam & hope soon the Porcia will have likewise ere the sight of this – I shall be obliged by your placing £2000 Stg to the Credit of  John A Parker of this place & debit my Acct with the same sixty Days from the receipt of this letter – you will please forward me Acct for the last year & likewise the Golconda Oil Acct

I am &

 

To Capt Timothy Upham                                  9 mo 22 1821

 

                                    The George & Susan is now ready to embark the first favourable wind for to proceed on a Cape Horn Whale Voyage, thyself Master – I should recommend thy looking the ground over between this & the Cape Verde Islands & then make the best of thy way around the Cape & thou wilt, as thou has suggested, take the off shore ground & endeavour to arrive at the Sandwich Islands in time to recruit the Japan Coast

I shall however rely upon thy judgment in selecting thy Cruising ground, as thou wilt no doubt be able to obtain information from other Vessells which may be relyed upon –  however I think what is call’d the off shore ground & the Japan Coast will be best – Thy drfts on me for any supplies for the George & Susan will be paid – wishing thee a pleasant & successful Voyage & safe return to thy friends & family –

I am &

 

[Logbook available for this voyage.  See Logbook #290, Microfilm 258/692-763]

 

227

 

To Van Zandt & Rockwell                                9 mo 23 1821

 

                                                I have neglected sooner to write you respecting the Tax on my lands in Illinois – will you have the goodness to pay the Tax on the same quarter Sections as last year & inform me to Amot & I will immediately reimburse you – the Balance due me for the last year, by your statement, is $5.05 – your immediate attention to this will much oblige me –

I am &

 

To John E Williams                               10 mo 14 1821

 

                                    Thy letter of 9 mo 3 which I expect was intended to have been 10 mo 3 with a Check for $100 on the New York Bank on acct of Giles Robinson was duly recd – I wrote thee & E & Robinson about a month since by my Wife, respecting the Papers etc – should they not have been delivered to her thee may hand them over to Asa N Barnhaus if thee wishes to be [?releand] from them – E & Robinson have some time since agreed to allow me Compound Interest on the money for the Farm for my indulgance in the payments –

I am &

 

To Van Zant & Rockwell                                  11 mo 1 1821

 

                                    I recd your favour of the 29th Sept & now enclose Ten Dollars, which with the balance due me last Year will make the sum of $15,05 – which is very near the Amt that would probably be requested for my Tax this year on Illinois B Lands –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 11 mo 5 1821

 

                                    I have this day drawn on you in favr of W & G Allen two setts of Exchange at 30 Days for £500 Stg each, which you will have the goodness to honour & place to my Acct – please send me the Golcondas A/C & transfer the balance to my Acct

I am &

228

 

To W E & E B lLawrence                                            2 mo 29 1822

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of 13th July 31st of Augt 20th Sept 16th, 19th, & 29th Octr & 22nd Decr 1831 have been duly recd & their contents noted – yours of the 13th July conveying my A/C with you closed up to the 30 June last is recd – balance in your favour of £772.9.11 – you will find on examining the Acct that account of ½ pCt is charg’d s on the Old balance of £428.17.2 which I think is not correct if you should think so please correct it – the charge of transfer to J Howlands Acct of  £491.18.1 as his proportion of remittance for the Sales of Ship Ann Alexander Cargo is correct, if you deducted your Comn from the Sum which H H Meier & Co directed to her Credit, as I have not the Acct to turn to you will please say wheather that deduction was made – otherwise the A/C apears correct as stated – I have always conceved it most proper for any House to close an Acct at the anual rate of Interest expected by the parties, & then say they shall in future allow such a rate of Interest – my Acct had outstanding over a year – for your fav of the 20th Sepr you enclose the Golconda A/C balance in her favour of £2.9.3 place to my Credit ↑in which Acct↓ & that you had Credited the Golconda ↑her↓

                                                                                          acct with £1.2.8 as paid by Foxes etc.^part of Brig Porcia bill^ this is not correct –

                                                                          I expeced her Acct was leved’d with £11.16.11 the whole Amot of the Brigs expense at Falmouth agreeable to what you wrote me the 3rd of Sepr 1820 to which letter I now refer you – I wish the whole of that Acct Credited the Golconda ^acct^ or none of it,↑your dividing the acct will make it more difficult to sell it when-↓

                                                if none, I will settle it here as I have a clame against the owner of that Brig for wrong general average against the Cargo of the Protection for Cables which will be settled by a Law suit, if not otherwise shortly, in which their will undoubtedly be three times that sum, recd from them, when the expenses at

229

Falmouth wil be adjusted – I am sorry to give you any trouble in this little matter, but I should have been much better suited for you to have adhered to your conclusions as per letter 3 Sept 1820 as it would have given much less trouble to me have to have↑in↓ settleding the business –

                ↑the owner of that Brig does not behave well↓

                       I have proof that boath of the Brig Protection Cables was parted before they were Cut inconsequence of which a general average has be chd on that Cargo & the Cables that Capt Tripp procured were so large & long that they could not be used for the Brig excepting one – If you can charge to Brig with the whole Amot (say £11,16.11) of her expenses at Falmouth – I will have it adjusted here say £11.16. 11 I shall be much obliged – I will have it settled here – Indeed I am not willing the bill should be chd the Golconda – In your favour as above you mention of having recd five↑several↓remittances from Sturenberg^ Cankrien^& Co for my Acct Amounting to £5575.15 which sum will be placed to your debit, on Acct of which I have already drawn on you for £4500

                                                  Balance last year Acct         772                                                                                                                 

                                                                                             5272

I now draw this day afurther sum of £300 in favour of

W & G Allen at 30 days which you will please honour        300

                                                                                             5572

& place to my Acct which will about make up the Amot of my Acct with you  In your favr of 20th Sep you enclose the Golconda Acct balance in her fav of £2.9.3 placed to my Credit – in which Acct you had Cr her with £1.2.8 apart of the Brig Protection bill paid by Foxe & Son at Falmouth – this is not correct which you will readily see by refering to the original bill – I expected her Acct was Credited with £11.16.11 the whole Amot of the Brigs expenses at Falmouth agreeable to the [?tenour] of your letter of the 3 of Sepr 1820 to which letter I wish to refer you – I wish the whole of Foxes & Son bill against Brig Protection Credited the Golconda or none of it your dividing the Acct will make it more difficult to settle here -  

230

I should not give you any trouble in this little matter – If I had not other business to settle with the owners of the Brig in which they give me much trouble, for  clames I have against them, in the settlement of which I could settle Fox & Sons bill with less trouble for you to charge it to the Protection than for it to stand as it does – for this reason & others I have – I shall be much obliged by your placing the whole Amot of this bill say £11.16.11 to the Brig Protection Acct & I will settle it with them here – you advise of having recd by several remittances from Sturenberg Cankrien & Co for my Acct £5575.15 which Amot will be placed to your debit, on Acct of which I have already drawn for £4500 & the balance of last years Acct due you of £772.9.11 which with £300 I have this day drawn on your for in favr of W & G Allen at 30 days will make up about the same Amot – you will please honour my bills of this day & place to my Acct – I have purchased the Brig Hope of about 200 Tons which I intend to load with Oil as soon as the Ann Alexander shall have arrived which Vessell I expect will be here shortly – I intend the Hope to take a return Cargo of Iron from Gottenberg – I have thought I should divide her Cargo so that apart may be sent to Gottenburg if it should be best – her whole Cargo would be too large a supply for that market – last year Oil sold higher at Gottenberg than any other European

Port –

I am &

231

 

To Lewis Ludlam                                              2 mo 23 1822

 

                                    Thy esteemed favr of the 31st Ulto I duly recd – I have concluded to keep the Brig Hope here for a Cargo of Oil – I should have no objection in thy purchasing 100 hhds of Tobacco Stems for my Acct provided thee can procure those that are good & in good order & at as low a price as $1 per 100[?wt] & draw on me payable here for the Amot or if it should make much difference payable in New York – I should like to know the state of the Flour market I expect to want some considerable this Spring & Summer & should like to purchase at the most favourable time, if I could find it – please give me thy mind on the subject – what is the price of Flour with you – should thee purchase the Stems I should wish them to lay a while, I may ship them from Richmond direct to Europe or I may wish them to make up a Cargo for the Hope the latter part of Summer –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland                                           2 mo 23 1822

 

                                    Please inform me wheather thee could purchase me some good pipe hhd & Bl Staves at Baltimore & at what price, & wheather their are any Vessells at Baltimore that would [ship] them at a moderate freight I am not in immediate want – some little time hence would do – the hhd Staves the sent me last were very good –

I  am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 3 mo 11 1822

 

                                    I wrote you on the 23rd last Month advising you of having that day drawn a sett of Exchange for £300 Stg in fav of W & G Allen at 30 days – this sett of Exchange is at 60 Days instead of 30 Days as advised under date of the 23rd Ulto –

I am &

232

 

Respected Friend                                             New Bedford 3 mo 12 1822

Josiah Bradlee & Co

 

                        Your favr of the 25 Ult I have recd with your A/C enclosed – Balance in your fav of $922.19 for which Amot I have you annexed J. [?Ricketsn] Check – I did not discover until since I procured the above Check that there was any Interest calculated in the Acct – indeed I had never look’d into the Acct until this evening further than to assertain the Balance – or I would have added the Interest & included it in the Check but my impressions were that the Credit had been about expected or I should have attended to it sooner – you will please charge the Interest in New Acct

I am &

 

To Lewis Ludlam                                              3 mo 12 1822

 

                        Thy fav of the 6th Inst I recd this eveng - I shall be obliged by thy sending me by first opportunity 10 Bl best Sfine Flour & draw on me here for the Amot & likewise purchase me 50 Bl F & Sfine Flour half each I need by next conveyance say when the T. & Rockets may return this last parcel may not be purchased until an opportunity may present for shipg it, unless thee should think best on acct the prices - thee will draw on me here for the Amo of the 50 Bl Flour likewise –

I am &

 

To Lazell Perkins & Co                                     3 mo 15 1822

 

                        Your favour of 3 mo 1 [?] I have received I should like to have 2 Anchors with shoulders open for Chain Cables 1 of  900 [?] wooden stock & 1 of 700 [?] with an Iron Stock,  I wish the Anchors to wight 700 exclusive of the Stock – the shanks of these anchors  wants to be accordingly shorter than those made for [?Hemper] Cables – I want the [?f] made with a [?] in the form of a Dutch Anchor – I have defered writing sometime with an expectation of seeing your  N Lazell here – I would have explained to him better

233

what I wanted than by writing – I want the Anchors as soon as they can be sent down –

I am &

 

To E & A Winchester                                       3 mo 16 1822

 

                                                Your fav of the 15th Inst was recd evening before last & would have been attended to yesterday had I not been from home – I now annex a Check for $518.32 the Amot of your bill, please note thy receipt of it –

I am &

 

To Daniel Howland                                                       4 mo 5 1822

 

                        I received thy esteemed favr of the 30th ult last evening - I had made up

my mind several days since to request thee to send me a quantity of Staves but had

neglected to write thee – I have concluded to accept thy offer of taking the Staves from the Schooner Arringdon to my own account & will in a few days forward thee the amot

say $834.02 – the quantity is rather more than what I wanted just now – should thee wish to send any Staves to this market in thy  own acct – thee may rely upon my very

best endeavours to serve thy Interest, which would always give me much satisfaction to do. I should be glad to have a few M of [?Bbbs] Pipe Staves should thee send any staves to this Market or have an opportunity of shipping so small a quantity as 5 m [?Bbb] &

3 m Pipes -

234

 

To Daniel Howland                                                       4 mo 10 1822

 

                                    Annexed I hand thee J  Ricketson Dft on Fish & Grinnell for $834.52 for the Amot of the Staves per Schooner Arringdon – I have no Acct of the Schooner as yet – this Market is fully supplied with staves for the present – the quantity [?sent] is large –

I am &

 

To Crocker Bush & Richmond                                                 4 mo 27 1822

 

                                    I shall be much obliged by your sending me as soon as convenient 1 Ton 3d hoops & likewise a bill of the Brick & Nails sent me last month – please say what sizes of  [?Swedish] Iron would suit you best –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             5 mo 5 1822

 

                                    Since writing you on the 23rd of 2nd Month last I have more of your  esteemed favours to reply to – the Ann Alexander has arrived with a full cargo of Oil & I have commenced loading the Brigt Hope Capt Cornelious Howland with the same, she will take about 200 tons – this vessell and Cargo will wholly belong to me. She can be  directed to one or more ports with her cargo, without interfering with any contracts. I shall direct Capt Howland to call off Dover for Instructions from you, you will please loose no time in sending forward your instructions as she will probably sail in the course of a  week. she will show a white colour with an H in it at the fore top gallant head for a signal. I shall direct her to proceed for Rotterdam in the event of not receiving any instructions from you

235

after waiting a suitable time off Dover for them. I wish her to return with a cargo of Iron from Gottenburg & shall be obliged by your directing the purchase of a cargo of the size as at foot or as near as it can be procured you will please direct the Consignee of the Hope’s cargo on her arrival to open a Credit for the amot.  I should be glad to have this credit opened & negociated where it can be done to best advantage to my Interests The Hope will take from 200 to 225 Tons Iron. I shall direct Edward Cearns Jr. to send me a few more pots for the amount of which I shall be obliged by your paying him for my Ac

 

            5 Tons 5 ½  Inches by ½ to 5/8s of an Inch thick

            5    “     5        “

            5    “     4        “

           20   “     3 ½    “

           25   “     3        “

           40   “     2 ½    “

     40  20     “   2 ¼      “  or 2 1/8

           20   “      2       “

           25   “      1 ¾    “    a few Tons of spike rods as may be added if

           15   “      1 ½     “    the Brig can take them –          

          200 Tons

 

To Edward Cearns Jr.                                                  5 mo 5 1822

 

                                    Thy esteemed favour of the 10th Jany last I duly recd with its enclosed & fully note its contents.  In replay I need only to say that thou hast my utmost confidence & I shall with pleasure continue my business with thee & have only to regret that it is not of more consequence – please send me Ten Try Pots of 120 Galls each & Ten of 140 Galls each with two flat sides for the amount I have requested W E & E B Lawrence to reimburse for my acc – the last Invoice of 36 Try Pots has been received

236

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                                        5 mo 5 1822

 

                        Please send me by first conveyance 20 Bbs P. Pork 3 Hhds Molasses 1 small bag coffee  ¼ chest Bohea tea 2 Casks Beans 1 Cask Rice & 1 Bbl New England Rum please forward the enclosed letters by first conveyance

 

To Cap Cornelius Howland 3rd                                     5 mo 14 1822

 

                        The Brig Hope is now ready for Sea with a full Cargo of Whale Oil for a Port in Europe under thy Command I have written W E & E B Lawrence of London I requested them to furnish thee with instruction off Dover for the best Port on the Continent that will be most favourable for the sale of the Cargo & in the event of thy most not receiving any from them thee will proceed for Rotterdam & there apply to Sturenberg Cankrien & Co to do thy business, this House did my business last year – thee will advise W E & E B Lawrence immediately on thy arrival & request them to give thee instructions  for the Cargo of Iron – I have already written them & given them the description of Iron that I want which I put at the bottom of this letter likewise – thee will direct all the remittance for the Cargo to be made to W E & E B Lawrence excepting the Amot for the Cargo of Iron which I wish placed in that place where it can be drawn for from Gottenburg the most favourably & to best advantage – after taking the 200 Tons of Iron ordered,  I shall like to have some square Iron & spike Rods added what the Brig can Bring – I think she will take 220 Tons without being very deep – I wish every dispatch used to get back here early in the Season – I wish thee to get 2 or 3 pieces of broadcloth & [?Cashmere] & some good Shirting Linnen for

237

family use & a few gross of good Tumblers suitable for Common use

I am &

 

To John E Williams

 

                                    I shall be obliged by thy delivering to the bearer, my brother in law John Howland Jr all the papers thou hast in thy hands relative to the land sold Giles Robinson & Elishu Eldridge, he is authorized to settle with them for the same.

 

To Giles Robinson & Elihu Eldridge

                                   

                                    As it is now over 5 years since I sold you the farm in Scipio, I feel anxious to have the business settled up to 4 mo 1 1822 - & as I find my brother in law John Howland Jr. is about going into your part of the country, I have solicited his attention  to it – should he call on you I shall be obliged by your having the Notes renewed & the Interest calculated up to the above time, that we may know the standing of the business – as likewise of your making him a payment on acct of the same, it has already stood much longer than what I could have anticipated at the time of Sale – you will therefore consider the already long indulgence & let it operate as a stimulant to make as large a payment to him as possible – any settlement he may make – I shall consider the same & as binding on me as if I had done it ^myself^ in person

 

To Capt James Bates                            5 mo 31 1822

 

                        The Ship Ann Alexander is now ready to proceed on a Whale Voyage to the Brazil Bank thyself Master – I recommend thy running up off Hatteras should the wind be favourable & then take an easterly course along the northern edge of the current & soon for the Western Islands

238

(keeping a good look out for Whales) & there cruise until thee can procure vegetables for the Voyage & then make the best of thy way for the Banks keeping the best lookout possible for Whales – thee may offer $5 bounty for Sperm whales to the Crew – I feel a hope that there will be no exertions wanting to get a Voyage, & should you be so fortunate as to get what Oil you do want, you will fill the ship full in every part & not be in a hurry home until you have accomplished it, the Ship is small & care must be taken to have her stowed close – I strongly recommend thy cruising the latter part of thy voyage between the Bankes for Sperm Whales, I am fully of the opinion that there must be many Sperm Whales between those Banks from the number that was taken last year – I think the chance good for 200 Bls – should thee get any Oil between this & the Cape De Verdes thee will ship it home if Possible – I annex a list of the Slops & the prices which they may be sold at –

I am &

 

 

To Capt James Bennett                         7 mo 22, 22

 

                        Capt Sheffields owner would not agree to the arrangement he made in having the adjustment of the Skins made between us by Reference, but offer the alternative of a Law suit or to accept 25 pCt of the Amot of the Sales – I expect a suit will take place, I think it will be well for thee to come down there, as they may think but to enter the suit against thee so as to have the Case tryed at

239

home – I wish thee would give me all the information thee can respecting the Skins & the manner in which thee procured them of [?Genl Prater], as it will be of importance to state the information to our Counsell to enable him to advise us understandingly –

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                             8 mo 5 1822

 

                        I had to purchase some Oil to make up the Hopes Cargo & calculating that her outward Cargo would exceed her return one by £1000 in lieu of which I have taken the liberty to draw for £599 in favr of J Ricketson [?C] at 60 Days sight & shall esteem it a favour by your honouring & placing the same to my Acct

I am &

 

To Capt Peleg Brock                                                    9 mo 6 1822

 

                                    I have not much to say, or not much more at least than that the Golconda is now ready to embrace the first favourable wind to proceed on a voyage around Cape Horn for a cargo of Sperm Oil theyself Master – I recommend thy proceeding with as little delay as may be after passing the Cape Verde Islands – I have given thee what information I have respecting Capt Bennetts Cruise last voyage, & recommend thy proceeding to cruise on the same grounds where he found a plenty of Whales – should thou not find Whale there, to our expectation, thee will then proceed for the Japan coast, or as far north as other ships have gone for Oil & indeed I strongly recommend to cruise far to the westward & near to the line, I think thee will find whales plenty –

240

I wish thee in all cases to use thy best judgment for the best information which thee may possess in changing thy cruising ground, & use every reasonable exertion to obtain a Voyage – it will not be necessary for me to say to thee, that it is very important to preserve harmony throught the ship’s company, for I believe thou art fully aware of it & that nothing will be wanted on thy part to preserve it. should thee be under the necessity to draw on me for amount of any supplies for the Golconda thy drafts will be honoured.  If thee should be so fortunate as to obtain any Oil between this & the Cape Verde Islands & should meet with any opportunity to ship it home, if to Boston to Josiah Bradlee & Co, if to New York to Fish & Grinnell if to Philadelphia to Joseph S Russell, if to Baltimore to Daniel Howland, and if to Norfork to John R. Harwood – thee will date thy bills of Lading at Sea -  the Brig Elizabeth has gone from this port to the Cape Verde Islands thee will probably fall in with her should thee have occasion to ship any oil – wishing thee a pleasant & prosperous voyage, & safe return to thy Family & friends

George  Howland

 

To Daniel Webster Esqr                                    8 mo 18 1822

 

                                    I take the liberty of handing thee the enclosed letter of introduction from my friend & neighbor L. Williams & further to state to thee some circumstances respecting Capt Bennett of the ship Golconda having taken some hair Seal skins from the neighborhood of [?Anco] in the Pacific Oceans, in which I wish thy opinion – the Golconda left Valparaso in Feby last on her way home she stopped in near [?Anco] & St. Mary’s & took off the Beach a quantity of hair Seal skins which are supposed to have been plundered

241

last year with the Brig [?Heiselia] by the Pirates of that place ([?Benebedas’s] men) & Capt Bennett took the skins off the Beach at a considerable hazard altho I believe he had the permission of the Spanish Commanding officer at [Anco] about 12 miles distance to do so, as the Mate states to me – When Capt Bennett arrived here (about two months since) he stated to me he purchased the skins of General [?Praeton] (Spanish General ) at Anco &

that he had a bill of sale of them – the skins were in a perishing condition having lain about 8 months in an exposed condition, many of them were now entirely spoilt & thrown into the Sea, and others partially damaged & damaging it was thought adviseable by the owner to send them to market as soon as possible, not expecting any one would make any claim for them, accordingly they were put on board one of our New York vessells & sent there for sale, their condition was such that it was some difficulty that permission could be procured from the Mayor of the city of New York to land them at Brooklyn, they were landed, advertized & sold at Public Auction, the nett amount of the Sales is about $3600 – soon after which one of the Owners of the Brig Heiselia came here and made a claim for the skins.  I readily agreed with him to leave it to the judgment of Arbitrators, and they might name the men – they were agreed on – he returned to Stonington to forward a Power from all the owners (which I believe are numerous) to their agents here Williams & Warren to settle the business, instead of forwarding the Power expected they wrote their agents that all the owners would not agree to submit the case in the way proposed – they had decided they would allow the Golconda 25 prc of the amount of Sales (which is no conpensation) or they would try the case in law – Capt Bennetts conduct for the last passage (which was a Whaling) I am sorry to say was such that he has not the confidence of his owners & that

242

he is now in Connecticut – I have endeavoured to procure from him the bill of sale which he says he has of the  skins from General Practor, but have not as yet been able to procure ↑see↓ it – I doubt whether he has any, but I have no doubt he had the consent of the commanding officer at Anco to take the skins from the Beach – Indeed could I have been at Valparaiso at the time the ship left that port & the owner of the Heiselia would have offered me $100 more than all the skins were worth, it would be no inducement to have shopped for the – it not only broke the Insurance on the Ship but it put at hazard the lives of the crew & prevented the ship from attending to her proper businiess of Whaling – the Ship & cargo was valued at the time of taking the skins $40,000 – I am not able to state positive facts it supposed that the skins did come out of the Brig Heiselia, which Vessell was captured by the pirates (Benebedas Men so called) & the skins landed on the Beach in a state of abandonment, & spoiling & that Capt Bennett did take them away with the consent of the Spanish Commanding Officer at that place. What views Capt Bennett had in making a misrepresentation to me respecting his purchasing of the skins, if he did not, I cant say he still says he has a claim on the skins of two Royals each a¢25 making $1200 it is about one month since I have seen him -  If thou will have the goodness to give me thy judgment respecting the case as soon as possible & if any further particulars may be wanted please state it & it will be immediately attended to – I wish thee to consider theyself engaged for us in the case should it come to trial – I will send thee a Check for thy fees on knowing the amount                         

George Howland

 

To Daniel Howland                                                       11 mo 8 1822

 

                                    Above I hand thee the A/S of 2 m hhd  Staves rec per Sch William for thy Acct & a Dft

243

 

on Fish & Grinnell for the Amot – say ¢71.25 – it has been with difficulty to sell even this little parcel of Staves, owing to the very great quantity that has been here for sale. I have done the best that could be with them & should have been glad to have done it much sooner

I am &

 

To Crocker Bush & Richmond                                                 11 mo 10 1822

 

                        The Brig Hope has arrived at Boston & will probably be here in a few days with a cargo of 200 tons of Iron as at foot.  I should like to furnish you with a part or the whole of it, if you want and we can agree upon a price

 

Lazell Perkins & Co.                                                    11 mo 10 1822

 

                        The Brig Hope has arrive at Boston & will probably be here in the course of a few days. she has 200 tons ^of iron^ on board & should be glad to furnish you with the whole or a part of it if we can agree upon terms – I should be glad to hear from you on the subject.

 

Lewis Ludum & Co                                                      11 mo 10 1822

 

            The Hope has arrive at Boston &  will probably be here in the course of a few days, please say, if you could procure a freight for her for Liverpool without much detention & at what rate – I want to send her a short voyage as I want here in the the Spring to take Oil again – I should like to hear from you fully on the subject – it is quite too late or too early to ^take^ a cargo of Stems for the Continent or I should be temped to do it – I should be glad to get her to Liverpool, as I want several articles from that Port in the spring –

 

            Please send me by first conveyance 20 Bbls Sfine Flour for family use & I will remit you a draft on New York for the amount, or you may draw on me payable in New York if more convenient to you & it can be done without loss – as I think your last Draft on me here was done at a discount

243

this you may always know that I should like to avoid, & would pay in New York or Boston if there was any advantage over paying here

 

Daniel Webster, Esq.                                        11 mo 10 1822

 

                        Thy communication of the 26 Aug last on the subject of the skins brought by the Goloconda, I have duly recd – the Heiselia’s owners I have not heard from untill very lately – Williams & Warren, about two weeks since said the were directed to make a demand for the skins, & that they should do it in writing. I repl’d to them “very well” they, yesterday, instead of making the written demand, questioned me to know what part of the amo’t of the sales of the skins I would allow them – I reply’d I would think of it & let them know – this is all that has passed between us since I stated the case to thee – I would now wish thy instructions how to act in the case, what part of the amot of the sales it would be proper to them, what proof of property it would be reasonable to request of them, & in case of a compromise & whether it would not be necessary that they should give a bond of indemnity against any other claimant in case of a compromise – please advise me on the subject as soon as convenient - & if any other course would be preferable to a compromise in the way proposed, please state it,

 

Crocker & Richmond                           11 mo 14 1822

 

                        Your favour of the 11th inst I duly rec’d. I will furnish you (when the Hope arrives here) with 100 tons of Iron from the Hope’s cargo for $90 – 6 mo’s – I am offered this from Boston for the whole cargo, if I would ship it to Portsmouth New Hampshire they paying freight – I will furnish you with a proportion of each size, excepting the 1 ½ inch which is an extra size & ought to be a little more per Ton, unless you are in the habit of receiving it at the same price of of other sizes if so  you shall this in the same way

 


J & J Pratt & Co                                                           11 mo 24 –

 

                                    I will furnish you with 20 to 25 tons of Iron at 90 dollars 6 months – Cropper Bush & Richmond & [?S]. Russell & Sons take all I have to sell except the above  quantity – you can have a proportion of the sizes as at foot – an equal quantity of each in proportion to the cargo

 

Crocker & Richmond                                                   12 mo 11 – 1822

                       

                                    Your favour of the 9th Inst I have rec’d with 29 ½ Cwt of 4d hoops – instead of 30 Cwt as by your letter, my Cooper took the acct of the hoops from the Waggon, and he made 59 bundles – he counted them again when he took them into the shop, he made the same number – I saw them counted twice over, & the result was the same – I sent 3 casks of Strained Oil by the Waggon the other two will be sent by the Vessells for Iron neither of which has yet arrived – I shall be glad to furnish you with the winter Oil your CR mention when last here the weather will shortly be so as to make good & fresh, which will be betterthan that of last years manufactory

 

C&R 3 Casks strained oil 63. 63. 63 – 189 – 1 ½ - 187 ½ A 65 - $121.87

 

Elisha Hathaway                                               12 – 11 – 1822

 

                                    I take the liberty to ship thee per the Sloop Pomona 21 Casks strained Oil as per Invoice above – thou will please receive it & dispose of it as soon as practicable – this is all I ^have^ ready at present I shall soon have more of this kind – as well as Winter Oil & Candles which I shall be glad to ship thee if thou can give any encouragement for making

246

sales – this Oil thou may warrent genuine – If Oil & Candles could be disposed of for any articles that are used in the Whaling business or any better terms or any readier sale – I should be well willing to sell for those articles at fair prices – I mention this that if any such trade should offer it might be improved –

 

Fish & Grinnell -                                   12 mo 15 – 1822

 

                        Your fav of the 10th Inst I received last evening with Lewis Ludlam’s Dft on me for $134,-17 enclosed – I some little time since requested Lewis Ludlam & Co to send me a few Bbls Flour, and draw on me here for the amo’t  - they had advised me the course they had taken, I should have provided for it in the way to have met it – if you will pay the Dft and place it to my acc’t I shall be obliged to you- I have understood that Judd wished to purchase 200 Bbls Sperm Oil, I believe J. Wood has informed him what he thinks it can be purchase for here – I have commenced manufactoring what Oil I have (about 700 Bbls) but I would like to furnish him with the 200 Bbls at ¢65 per Gal good Oil & nearly 1/3 head, it is call’d by those who have worked some of it  a rich Oil, if you think him safe I would give him a Credit – if he would not give this perhaps he would say what he would give – please sent me any quantity of Sperm Oil casks of small sizes not exceeding 150 Bbls from 30 to 75 Galls suitable to put Sperm Oil ^in^ with but little repair, provided they can be procured at fair prices,  - I will furnish you with Oil & Candles to more than the amo’t of my acc’t, as soon as you will encourage my sending them – Please transfer the Balance of the Golconda acc’t to my acc’t

247

 

To W. E. & E. B. Lawrence                                         12 mo 20 –

 

                        Your several esteemed favours of June 1st 7th 24th July 11 & 22nd Augt 14 & Sept 10 1822 have been duly received & their contents particularly noted – which furnishes continued evidence of your good & satisfactory attention & management of my business placed under your direction – I likewise have revieved your acc’t for last year stating a balance in my favor of £104 – 4 -2 which appears correct except that you have charge an ½ per Ct Com on the Old balance of £ 773.7-5 which I think you will readily find on examination to be incorrect as a Com has been paid on this sum in a former A/C – I shall expect the Ann Alexander in about 3 months with a Cargo of South Sea Oil when I shall again load the Hope as heretofore – I shall be glad to receive this years A/C in course

 

Crocker & Richmond                           1 mo 13 1823

 

                        Above I hand you bills for the Iron del’d from the Hope for your acct – for the 110 Tons you will please send me you Notes, viz – 3 Notes for $3000 each & one for $900 – and the other for 21 tons & over you will please place to my credit for Hoops, I should like to receive 1 or 1/2 a Ton of 3d Hoops when it would suit your convenience – you may add to the latter bill what ever you may think proper for the rods etc – I can now furnish you with some good Winter Oil – whatever Oil you may want I will furnish you of either kind for hoops I will furnish you with the weightmasters Acct of each Dfs of the weight of the Iron if you wish – if you have the least wish to have it, you will please to say so, & I will procure it of him & forward it – as the Iron remaining will probably lay sometime, it may be best to have it now put under cover      

George Howland. by George Howland Jr

 

To Cap J. Bennett                                1 mo 20 1823

 

                                    I wrote thee some time since advising I had not been able to sell thy Oil, which is still the case, unless I should sell at a very low price, such as I would not be willing to sell myself at as yet – I have not been able to sell 1 Gallon of any Oil thee will please inform me if I shall sell thy Oil for the best I can do with it which will not exceed, if so high as 58 Cents – it can be exchanged for as much as old Winter & Summer Oils as their is of Head & Body Oil –

I am &

248

 

To The Cashier of the

Farmers & Mechanicks Bank Albany                                        1 mo 20 1823

 

                                    I wrote my friend J Russell of your place some time since requesting him to inform me what my few shares of Stock in your Bank would sell for & not hearing from him, I have concluded he must be absent from home – for this reason I have taken the liberty to request the favour of thee – please inform me at thy leisure what your Stock will sell for – I have so little, I have though best to sell if if a fair price could  be obtained – I would with pleasure reciprocate anything of this [?]

I am &

 

To Fish & Grinnell                                            1 mo 25 1823

 

                                                Your favr of the 13th Inst I duly recd covering A/C with the Golconda, balanced to my acct, & likewise my A/C to the end of the Year, balance in your favr of 3362.88 – which appears ^to be^ correct, excepting the 7 pCt Int –

I am &

 

To Crocker & Richmond                                  1  mo 25 1823

                                    Your favr of the 20th Inst I have recd I am in no hurry about the Notes for the Iron further than to have the business settled, please do it at your convenenence – I have had the Iron put in Store – the expense will be small- you will please bear in mind the 3d hoops –

I am &

 

To John Waters                                                1 mo 25 1823

 

                                    Thy favr of the 23 Ulto I duly recd I have felt so indifferent about Insurance on the Golconda that I have neglected to reply to it before – I have not asked the terms for Insurance for any other [?Office] [?] the Golconda – one of the Owners has Insurance affected in the Office here at 6 ½ pCt – done at the time of her sailing – the Golconda is more than 14 years old I think as much as 15 or 16 – she was well repaird & Coppered to the bends before she saild on this voyage, indeed I

249

think she stands as fair as any Ship out of the River for a Voyage – she was repair’d & outfitted at the expense $18000 – she left the Cape Verdes on the 10th Month last – I should be glad to receive your terms for Insurance on her, provided you will write her as low as any other Ship –

I am &

 

Thomas W. Olcott – Cashier

Mechanicks & Farmers Bank Albany

 

                        Annexed I hand the a Power of Attorney to transfer my Shares in the Mechanics & Farmers’ Bank on the terms stated in thy letter of the 24th Inst – which thou will please do and remit me the amount in a Check on New York or the bills of your bank, deducting what thou may think proper for the trouble in the business – I believe all the dividends have been rec’d, if not please include them, I was not certain of thy name by thy signature therefore I have left a blank in the power which thou wilt please fill – I will with pleasure reciprocate any thing of the kind for thee or any of thy friends –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                             2 mo 12 1823

 

                                    Your favr of the 25 December last I duly received with bill of Lading & bill of 5 tons Hemp annexed, amounting to $876.25, the Hemp is not of best quality as sayeth my rope maker – I should like to send you Oil and Candles (if you would give any encouragement of their selling) at least to the amount of the Hemp –

 

Crocker & Richmond                           2 mo 12 –

 

                                    Your favour of the 4th inst by the teamer I received with 30 cwt of 3d hoops & to your credit – this is a larger quantity than I wanted just now if any of your customers here wants ½ of one Ton of them you will make use of them – I likewise rec’d your letter of 31 ult. with the Notes annexed

250

 

David Anthony                                                             3 mo 19, 1823

 

                                    I have put on board the Sloop Henry, Capt West 3 casks Strained Oil or rather Body oil pressed  which will be found better than Strained Oil for cool weather, which I shall be obliged by thy selling, on the best terms thee can I should like to make a further shipment of Oil and Candles both, if encouragement could be given of their selling -          3 casks strailed oil

                        marked ≠      106

                                               98

                                               73                                             ____

                                              277 glls

 

Elisha Hathaway                                   3 mo 19, 1823

 

                        I have put on board the sloop Emily 5 casks strained oil (or rather pressed oil) which will be found better while the weather is cool, than that sent thee last fall -  I wish both of these parcels of oil sold as soon as may be even at a trifle less than the market price.  I expect  soon to have 4 or 500 Boxes of candles of Howlands & Grinnells manufactoring – please give me the prospect of selling these articles – I fear oil will go a little lower –

 

GH 1 – 88

            92

            91

            90

      5 – 87   448 a ¢

 

John Sarjeant (Windsor Conn.)             4 mo 12 1823

 

                                    I rec’d thy favor of the 27th  ulto & fully note its contents – Wilson is not accountable to Bennett but to the owners of the Golconda, for his desertion from that ship – thou will not let these sentiments be known as coming from me to any one whatever for reasons which are reasonable I make this reply with a confidence that my wishes will be complied with –

251

 

Fish & Grinnell                                                 4 mo 27, 1823

 

                        I shall be obliged by your forwarding the enclosed letter by first most favorable conveyance – the Ann Alexander is in, her Cargo turns out 1415 Bbls Whale, 150 bbls sperm Oil and 4007 lbs Whale bone, please say what the prospect is for bone, whether the price will be likely to advance & what the present price is – I have some Candles of Howlands &Grinnells manufacturing now ready and shall send you some by first opportunity for sale –

 

W. E. & E. B. Lawrence                                  4 mo 27 –

 

                        The Ann Alexander has arrived with a full cargo of oil from the Brazils – I shall commence loading the Brig Hope, Cornelius Howland in a few days, for [?thepout] as last year should she call off Dover for your instructions, I wish you to Direct her to the most favorable port for a market of whale oil – she will probably sail in the course of a  10 days – I shall write you again in four days- 5 mo 3 – the foregoing is a Copy of my last to you by the way of New York the Hope is nearly ready & will sail in a few days should the Brig arrive safe to a port of discharge to which you may have directed her you will please direct the Consigner to open a Credit for her return Cargo of Iron from Gottenborg at such price as will be most advantageous to my Interest in the

252

Exchange etc - at foot I give a list of such sizes of Iron as I wish ordered for the Brig – I now think I shall direct Cap Howland to Rotterdam should he not receive your instructions, in this case you will be so obliging as to communicate with our friends at that place –

I am &

 

            5 Tons    ½ to 5/8 Inch square              } Bundles

            5     “      1 & 1 1/8 Inch by 1/4 Inch    }

            5     “       ¾ & 7/8 Square 

           10    “       1 ½  Inch wide

           20            1 ¾                          }

           20             2                               Common thickness

           50             2 ¼

           50             2 ½

           20             3                              }

           20             3 ½

             5             4                               

        210  

 

Sturenberg Cankrien & Co                     5 mo 8th 1823

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you Invoice of 500 Casks Whale Oil, which I have shipp’d you by the ↑Brig↓ Hope, Capt Cornelius Howland, which you will please receive & dispose of to the best advantage for my interest - you will please advise with my friends W E & E B Lawrence of London in the disposal of this Cargo – I intend for the Brig to proceed to Gottenburg for a cargo of Iron – you will please advise Alexander Barclay & Co of Gottenburg of this and place funds at their disposal at the most favourable place on acct of the Exchange for the amount of the Hopes Cargo say 210 tons Iron and the balance you will please remit W.E. & E B. Lawrence, London for my acct, when the sales of the oil may be closed

 

            I shall direct the Hope off Dover for instructions, she may proceed to some other port from what I now expect -

253

 

Cornelius Howland 3rd                                      5 mo 8  1823

 

                                    The Hope is now ready thee will proceed with her off Dover for instruction from W E & E B Lawrence the first wind - thee will follow their instructions, should thee not receive any orders from them after waiting a suitable time, thee may then proceed to Rotterdam and deliver thy Cargo to Sturenberg Cankrien & Co, directing them to dispose of it when it shall appear best for my interest – I wish thee not to take up one dollar more than what is necessary for the Brig – thee will proceed from Rotterdam or thy port of discharge for Gottenburg and there call on Alexander Barclay & Co for a Cargo of Iron agreeable to the memorandum at foot -  I think the Brig will take 210 tons very well, from thence thee will proceed for this port – I hope no exertions on thy part will be wanting to render this voyage short – thee will see that arrangements are made for a credit to Barclay & Co for the amot of a Cargo of Iron before thee leaves Gottenburg, or whatever port thee may discharge at – thee will communicate with W. E. & E. B. Lawrence of London, on thy arrival at a port of Discharge – I have written Lawrence respecting this voyage – they will communicate with thee on the subject no doubt – I wish thee to procure at Gottenburg 45 plates of Iron 10 Inches wide & 24 Inches long 4/16 by 5/16 of an Inch thick –

I am &

 

To W. E. & E. B. Lawrence                             5 mo 9, 1823

 

                                    I wrote you on the 27th ulto & 3rd inst. advising that the Hope, Capt Howland would take a Cargo of Whale Oil, for a market on the continent of Europe, she is now loaded and waiting a favourable time to proceed to sea.  I have directed Capt Howland to call off Dover to receive your instructions, should you have any there, if not, he will proceed to Rotterdam – she will proceed from thence or her port of discharge to Gottenburg for Iron – I wish a credit opened for her Cargo of Iron, at the most favorable point of Exchange from Gotten↓burg this I shall send by the Hope, to be sent on shore at Dover should an opportunity present. the Hope has a Cargo of 1640 Barrels Oil, on my account -

254

 

To Josiah Bradlee & Co                                                5 mo 13 1823

 

                                    Your favr of the 29th ulto I duly recd – your Beef is too high – you will please send me by first conveyance 10 ps [?Brusquins] Russian Duck & 8 ps Russian Duck (best) on your very best terms – likewise 6 doz sewing Twine –

I am &

 

To Giles Robinson & Elihu Eldridge                  6 mo 18 1823

 

                                    My friends in New York Fish & Grinnell advise me under date of 5 mo 24 last that they had recd of you $198.65 for my Acct – they state to me that there was 67 cts deduction on Robinson $100 & 68 cts on Eldridges for discount on current bills, which sums being deductied from $200 leaves the sum above stated, which will appear to your Cr – I now wish ↑that↓ you may make up the balance due me & pay it over to my friends in NewYork –

I am &

 

Elisha Hathaway                                               6 mo 29 1823

 

                                    I have put on board the sloop Pomona 4 Casks summer oil which thou will please receive and dispose of on my account - 

George Howland

 

To Edward Cearns, Jr.                                     7 mo 23 1823

 

                                    I shall be much obliged by thy shipping me direct, or by the way of New York to my Friend Fish & Grinnell 2 [?] 8 Bu kettles & two Ditto 4 Bls each similar to those shipd by Lawrence  Welles & Co to J H J & Co of this place, for refining kettles -  I shall be particular obliged by for them to be shipd with as little dely as possible – for the Amot I will request W E & E B Lawrence to account with thee –

I am &

255

 

To Oliver Fales                                     8 mo 3 1823

 

                                    Thine of the 28th Ulto I recd last evening I have concluded to take 200 Casks of Lime of best quality at thy offer say 8/ [?] Cask – this lime is wanted for John A Parker, John Peckham the Mason & myself – I am in immediate want of mine, as I shall commence in a few days to build a large Stone building – I wish no time lost in getting it here – I am not in the way of using any Lime in Commerce & business is very dull with us, but still, I would take on my own acct 100 or 150 Casks more of the like quality to $1.25 per Cask – provided there is as no more Lime than the above quantity brought in the same Vessell for Sale & that I can be advised by return of Mail of thy intentions to send it.  I do not wish thee to add the latter quantity unless it is thy choice so to do, I make the offer entirely from a wish to make up nearly a Cargo for thy Vessell – I do not want the Lime for any use myself & when I sell it to the mason or any body else it must be on a Credit – business is dull for us

I am &

 

To W E & E B Lawrence                                 9 mo 6 1823

 

                                                Your esteemed favr of the 11th June was duly recd & am much  please to find that Oil was likely to well at Rotterdam – I have no advises as yet of the arrival at Rotterdam of the Hope – excepting by the public papers – I hope soon to hear from you as well as our friends at Rotterdam advising of the sale of the Hopes Cargo at a good price – on acct of this Cargo I have drawn on you for £500 stg this day in fav of J Ricketson at 60 Days which you will please accept for my acct I requested our friend Edward Cearns Jr of Liverpool to send me 4 Refining kettles the amot of which you will please acct with him for & place the same to my acct

I am &

256

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                                            9 mo 8 1823

 

                                    Yours of the 6th I have rec’d you will please send me 20 m Bricks 1 cask 20 d 1 cask 10 d & 1 cask 5d cut nails – 1 ton 4 d & 1 ton 3 d Hoops and obliges GH

 

To A & J Wilkinson                                                      9 mo 9 1823

 

                                    Your favr of the 6th Inst I duly recd & have concluded to accept your terms for the Screws provided you will cut the female part of taught press screw from solid composition instead of casting it as has been your practice of latter time – I wrote D Wilkinson at the same time I wrote you, but have not yet heard from him – I want the screws as soon as may be at least the female part, that is made fast to the frames, as I want them put up before other workers finished in [?] Building –

I am &

 

David Anthony                                                 9 mo9, 1823

 

                                    Thy favr of the 15th Ult with A/S of Oil annexed, I duly received which is correct & satisfactory the amot $114.87 to thy debit.  I have shipped thee by the Henry 5 casks more as at foot which please receive & dispose of for my acc’t -

            ≠ 1.81  4 32 ½

                                          80  5 34

                                       2.88             is 315 ½ Galls

 

Elisha Hathaway                                               9 m 9 1823

 

                                                I have shipp’d per sloop Pomona 4 Casks strained oil as at foot which thee will please receive and dispose of to best advantage for my acc’t

            H 1. 87

                    86

                    85

                4  83  is 341 Galls at [?]

257

 

A. & J. Wilkinson                                             9 mo 14 1823

 

                        Your favr of the 12th inst I have rec’d since I wrote you on the 9th I have seen David Wilkinson here & agreed with him for the screws on condition you did not accept my offer. the reason of my doing this was of my having an opportunity of communicating personally my views & wishes respecting the taught press screw which is to be different from any which we have had here –

 

David Wilkinson                                               9 mo 14 1823

 

                        I rec’d a letter last evening from A & J Wilkinson they did not accept my offer for the screws I wish thee would send me the stack press screws by the first conveyance from Providence or at least the Boxes of the screws please inform me by return mail the width the taught press frame must be framed to admit the followers of the screw I believe the packet is now at Providence or on her way there –

 

Fish & Grinnell                                     10 mo 8

 

                                                Please credit my account with the enclosed check for $500 – please inform me what progress you are making in the sale of candles I have a further quantity on hand for sale, as well as Winter & summer oil – please say what is the prospect of sale for these articles – I am expecting some refining Kettles by some of your Liverpool packets, I am in want of them on account of having them set please forward them as soon as well may be after their arrival at New York –

 

Crocker Richmond & Otis                                10 mo 18 1823

 

                                                I have agreeably to your order sent by Capt Thrasher 10 casks of oil as at foot, which hope will suit  I have sold my Iron to [?].R. & Sons at $85. 12 mo I should be much obliged by receiving my A/C with you      

258

 

To Blackwell & McFarland                              10 mo 24 1823

 

                                                I have remaining from a Cargo of Swedish Iron about 4 Tons Rods 4/8 & 5/8 – 5 Tons 1 Inch by ¼ Inch thick flat & 10 Tons 1 ½ Inch by 3/8 thick – If you should want any part or the whole of the above lot of Iron, please say what would be the best you could offer me for it delivered in New York –

I am &

 

J. B. Van Sant                                                  12 mo 15 1823

 

                                    Thy letter of 8 Nov 1822 I duly rec’d & have been expecting since to have rec’d the receipt for my tax on Illinois lands for 1821. I very much wish  to have my taxes on this land paid if I can be put in a way so to do – please write me on the subject & state the cause why I have not yet rec’d the receipt for 1821 tax – thy attention to this business will much oblige –

 

D. Wilkinson & Co                                           12 mo 16 1823

 

                                    Your letter of the 4th last month I duly rec’d & have likewise rec’d the stack press screws In a postscript to your letter, you said the taught press scres would be done in a few days – please observe it is now about 6 weeks since.  I am not a little disappointed in the time being this prolonged – the packet is about going for her last trip the completion of my building is prevented for the want of the screw –

 

Giles Robinson                                     12 mo 16 1823

 

                                    Fish & Grinnell have informed me of their having rec’d 80 dollars from thee for my acc which sum will be entered to thy Credit on Bond. I am disappointed that a greater sum has not been remitted.  I must still expect it will still be done by you, both, please inform E. Eldredge that I am in want of thy money now, & hope you will both be willing to exert yourselves in paying up the balance as I have already waited long with you.

259

 

James Bennett                          12 mo 22nd 1823

 

                                    Thy letter of the 8th inst I recd a few days since, it was mis sent to Coventry by the Post master I have stated thy acc, I have credited the Head Matter at 55¢ which is 3 cents in a gallon more in a gallon than I could get for winter oil in New York – this is more than I would give for this Headmatter, was it not circumstanced as it is. I will hord the Headmatter subject to thy doing better with it at any time within one month, as it must by about that time be worked if it is this season.  I have stated that charges against the oil lower than what they really are – I have made a balance due thee of 49.62 – If thee will sign & return me the receipt written below I will send thee 55 or 60 dollars –

 

Josiah Bradlee & Co                                        12 mo 28 1823

 

                                                Yours of 20th inst with A/C enclosed I duly received, which appears correct the balance the new acc’t please send me 4 ps half Duck & 5 ps Ravens Duck of best quality.  I wish it of firm sound thread for slack press bags for my Spermaceti works. Duck of coarse loose thread will not answer our purpose, if no opportunity  should offer by water, please sent it by the Baggage Waggon. I expect you will be able to send this at about

$14 -$ 8 or 8.50 –

 

James Bennett                                      1 mo 3 1824

 

                                    Thy letter of the 27th Ulto with a receipt for balance of a/c inclosed I suly rec’d Inclosed I now hand 60 dollars agreeable to my promise in a former letter, the head matter which thee mention was included in the settlement of the Golconda last voyage in which thee has rec’d thy share.  I am satisfied that the shipping paper is of no use to thee in collecting any demand which thee may have against any of the crew but should it be I will forward thee any declaration from it which thee may find necesary. I dont wish to let any of the Golcondas paper go out of my hands I am now threatened with a prosecution from several of the Golcondas crew for their share of the oil

260

 

Ship Golconda Dt to Postage

 

1820

2 mo  To Postage/ 27/12 /32/32/12/6/20/12/12/57/21

 

1822

6 mo    To Postage 10/10/10/10/10/18/./20/20/10/10/10/10/10

12 -      To /12 ½ /15

 

Brig Hope D to Postage

 

1822   

9 mo   To Portage/22/30/43/25/6/19/6/25

            to [?]/ 22/39/26 ½ / 20 ½ / 12/ 20

 

Ship Ann Alexander Dt to Postage

 

1820

2 mo    To Postage/ 20 ½ / 27/6/41

 

[continuation of letter from previous page]

 

obtained when they left her they say they left the Ship for the preservation of their lives.  I suppose they will swear for one another to accomplish their object it will be necessary to be prepared for them I wish thee to get a receipt from such of the crew as may fall in thy way as a final settlement of the voyage. Iwish thee to send me a copy of all the a/c thee may have against the crew that I may make up all of the a/c against them that we can to meet them in the event of their making any attempt which I cant think they will, but should they succeed in proving that they did leave from fear of their lives as they assert, and should recover, the owners remdy msut be against the Master –

 

Ship George & Susan Dt to Postage

 

1820

2 mo    To Postage/ 12/10/10/10/201/2/20/12/19/24/39/10/25

1821

9mo     To Ditto/ 12 ½ / 10/19/30/20/20/10/20[?pr]

 

Ship Teaplant /18 ½ /18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½

261

 

Ship Golconda Dt to Postage

 

1818

5 m 26 To Postage / 18 ½ / 20/ 10/ 25/ 25/ 75/ 92/20/21 --                         3.06 ½

8 m      To  D  / 10/37/ 18 ½ / 25/ 10/10/50/10 12 1/2/  30 1/2/ 20 ½ --       2.34

1819

10 m    To D /39/ 32/39/ 20 ½ / 32/ 22/ 42/ 9 --                                            2.35 ½

                                                                                                                    $ 7. 76

 

Ship Ann Alexander D to Postage

 

1818

7 m   To Portage / 25/20 ½ / 10/10/10/10/20/ 92/27/12/62 --                       2.98 ½

1819  To Dr  1/ 69/ 12/ 20 ½ / 20 ½ / 20 ½ /10/ 12 --                                   2.64 ½

                                                                                                                    $ 5.63

 

Cornelius Howland [?3] Dt to Postage

 

1818

12-   To Postage / 20 ½ / 14 ½ / 18 ---                                                         $0.53

1822

9 mo To Postage / 20 /29

 

Ship George & Susan Dt to Postage

 

1818

10 m  To Postage / 10/75/92/ 10/ 22/ 10/ 10/10 --                                       2.39

                                                                                      added below

 

Oil ship [?for] Sally & Leaden to Europe Dt to Postage

 

1818

11 mo  To Postage / 20/ 12 /39/25/19/12/12/12/ 57 ½ / 12 --                     2.20 ½

             To  / 39/18/39/22 /14 ½ /12/ 20 ½ / 12/ 39/12/ 21 --                     2.49

                                                                                                                     4.69 ½

                                                                                                                     2.39

                                                                                                                     7.08 ½

[no number]

 

Bark / 25 ½ / 25 1/2/ 17/ 17/ 17 19

 

Ship Geo & Susan Dt to Postage

 

1817

1 mo 22 To Postage/12/12/20 ½ / 25/ 25/ 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½    ---                           1.50

              To/ 25/25/25/ 10/10 18 ½ / 25/ 25/ 6/ 6/ 25/ 25/ 18 ½ ---                            2.44

4 mo      To / 6/10/10/ 25/ 18 ½ / 12 ½ / 50/ 25/ 18 ½ / 10/ 6/ 25/ 25 ---                   2.41 ½

6 m        To / 10/ 50/10/ 25/ 75/ 18 ½ ---                                                                    1.88 ½

                                                                                                                                  $ 8. 24

1817

8 mo      To Postage / 6/10/10/25/15/20/27/20 ½ / 20 ½ / 39/ 12/ 20 ½ --               $2.25 ½

9 m        To Postage / 26 ½ / 22/ 10/25/ 25/10/ 30/10/10/10/10/19 --                        2.10 ½

1818

3 m         To D/ 25/25/10/10/12/20/10/10--                                                                1.22

                                                                                                                                 $ 5.58

 

Ship Howland D to Postage

1817

2 m16    To/18 ½ / 20 ½ / 10/ 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 20 ½ / 20 1/2/ 20 ½ / 20 ½  --               1.86 ½

5 m        To/ 50/ 10 ½ / 20 ½ / 27/ 1/50/ 25/ 18 ½ / 22/ 12/ 12/ 20 ½ --                     4.02

7 m        To / 20 ½ / 20 ½ / 20 ½ / 25/ 20 ½ / 12/ 20 ½ / 20 ½ / 12/ 12 --                  1.84

                                                                                                                                  $ 7.72

11m To D /12/12/20 1/2/ --  45 Cts

 

Ship Ann Alexander Dt to Postage

 

1817

9 mo   To Postage / 32/6/14 ½ /6/ 39/ 22/ 12/12/39/12/39/20 --                                  2.53 ½

           To / 57 ½ /20 ½ / 25/ 32/22/12/12/39 25/39/39/ 39/22 --                                3.84

10 m   To /22/20 ½ / 25/ 20 ½ / 25/ 32/ 57 ½ / 32/ 18 ½ /20 ½ / 39/ 39 --                 3.52 ½

11 m   To /39/20 ½ / 12/ 12/27/ 52/25/ 22/ 18 ½ / 20 ½ / 39/ 39 --                            3.24

12 m   To / 25/25/25/25/25/25/25/ 6/ 20 ½ / 20 ½ 1/ 25/50/25 --                               4.22

           To 20 ½ / 39                                                                                                     0.59 ½      

                                                                                                                                   17.94 ½

 

Cash Acct.

1818

5 mo    To Postage/ 50/25/ 50                                                                                    $ 1.25

 


[ no number]

 

Ship Ann Alexander D to Postage

 

1816

2 m      To Postage / 30/27 ½ / 27 ½ / 27 ½ / 78 ½ / 17/ 40/ 27 ½ / 127 --      4. [?2 ½ ]

            To D/ 19/17/19/ 19/19/37/10/10/10/37/12/10/12/9 --                          2.40

            To D/ 39/22/12/12/25/20/20/30/12/ 18 ½ / 25/ 25 --                           2.40 ½

            To D/ 30/20 ½ / 25/ 25/ 12/ 10/ 32/ 12/ 25/ 12/ 12/ 22 --                    2.37 ½

            To  D/ 12/27/ 20 ½ / 14 ½ / 37 --                                                        0.74

                                                                                                                      11.95

 

1817

1 mo 21 To Postage/ 20 1/2/ 12/ 37/ 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½ / 18 ½           1.62

                 / 25/ 57 ½ / 18 ½ / 35/ 25/ 25/ 20 ½ / 10 / 12 / 25                          2.44

                                                                                                                        4.  6

 

 

Ship Howland Dt to Postage

1816

3 m 19 To Postage/53/53/35/38/12/12/10/20 ½ / 20 ½ --                                2.54

5 m      To D / 39 /14 ½ /38/13/ 13/25/25/25/25/25 --                         2.24 ½

8 m      To D / 25/10/13/20/25/25/50/25/25/25 10 --                                       2.53

10 m    To D/ 25/25                                                                                         0.50

                                                                                                                    $  8.   0