George Howland Letterbook

1803-1811

Preface to the Transcriptions:

These letter books are part of the Howland Collection [Mss 7] in the Old Dartmouth Historical Society Whaling Museum Library in New Bedford, Massachusetts. The collection contains the business records and personal papers of the Howland family covering the years from 1790 to 1890. Members of the family were primarily involved in mercantile activities and the whaling industry.

George Howland
George Howland was born on November 7, 1781 in the Long Plain section of what is now Acushnet, Massachusetts. The Howlands had been among the earliest settlers in Old Dartmouth and George had numerous relatives in the area. At the age of 16 he began his career as an apprentice in the office of William Rotch Jr., one of the three leading New Bedford whaling merchants and shipping agents of the day. In 1797 George Howland began keeping a financial journal to record his own business affairs. (His financial journals, ledgers, cash books and other records which supplement the letter books are also a part of the Howland Collection.) He began building his career by investing in the ventures of other merchants and buying small shares in local ships. He acquired a 6/32 share in the ship George in 1802 and by 1803 had become principal owner of that ship holding a 5/8 share. He later acquired or had built for the merchant trade the Robert Barclay, Savage, Elizabeth, Ann Alexander, Howland, George and Susan, and the Hope. For many years George Howland’s ships carried freight and cargos from New Bedford, New York City, and Norfolk to a number of European ports including Dublin, Liverpool, Cadiz, Leghorn, Archangel, etc. and imported a variety of items, so it is not surprising to find him writing about “our Atlantic market” in his letterbooks. George Howland was successful despite the challenges to shipping imposed by the Napoleonic Wars, the Jefferson Embargo, and the War of 1812.

In 1817 George Howland began sending ships on whaling voyages. Some were converted from merchant use, others selected specifically for whaling. His whaling vessels included the George and Susan, Golconda, Ann Alexander, Hope, Cortes, Java, George Howland, Rousseau, and Corinthian. (A variety of records, including outfitting books, bills of exchange, bills of lading, and crew accounts for these ships are included in the Howland collection.) George Howland continued to send cargos of oil to Europe, especially to Bremen and Rotterdam; he imported Swedish iron as well as English-made try pots, which he sold to other merchants in the whaling industry. He also sent oil and candles to his American agents in Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.

On September 29, 1803 George Howland married his cousin, Elizabeth Howland, the daughter of John Howland. George and Elizabeth had three children: George and Elizabeth M., who died young, and George Jr., who at age 14 entered business with his father and went on to be a prominent public figure in New Bedford, serving as mayor from 1855 to 1865. Elizabeth Howland died on December 12, 1806.

On April 26, 1810 George Howland married Susanna Howland, the daughter of Cornelius Howland. George and Susan, as she was known, had 14 children, 8 of whom died young. The children who survived into adulthood were: Augustus, who lived in Scipio, Ledyard and Syracuse, New York; Elizabeth, who married William Chase of Salem; Massachusetts; Matthew, who entered business with his father and his half- brother; Charles Wing, who first lived in Union Springs, New York but later moved to Wilmington, Delaware; Susan R., who married Samuel Parsons of Flushing, New York; and Robert Bowne, who spent much of his adult life in Union Springs, New York but returned to New Bedford in his later years.

The New Bedford directories of 1836, 1838, 1839, 1841, 1845, and 1849 provide considerable information about George Howland. All but the 1849 Directory list him as a merchant and all list him as president of the New Bedford Commercial Bank. All show his home at 75 Walnut Street, at the corner of 7th Street. They list George Howland’s counting house office at 122 North 2nd Street and a wharf near-by at the foot of North Street. The 1836 Register shows a second wharf owned by George Howland at the foot of Union Street; later directories list this location as Merchants Wharf and today it is known as State Pier. Starting in 1838 a candle house and oil manufactory owned by George Howland are listed at the same North Street address as his office. In addition to his shipping and whaling activities, George Howland had other interests. He was the principal owner of the Weweantit Iron Company in Wareham, Massachusetts. He was on the board of Directors of the New Bedford and Taunton Rail Road Company during the 1840s. All of the Directories show George Howland serving as a trustee of the Friends Academy in New Bedford.

After George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland joined their father’s shipping and whaling business, the firm became known as George Howland and Sons. The letter books show George Howland that became less active in the business during the 1840s. Letters of direction to whaling ship captains from 1843 onward were signed by George Howland Jr., or Mathew Howland rather than their father.

George Howland died on May 5, 1852. At the time of his death, his estate, which had a net value of $615,000, included 9 whaling vessels with a book value of about $300,000 and a replacement value that could have been close to $1,000,000.

The Letter Books
There are four letter books, all with board covers and leather spines. The first, a volume 8 ½ by 10 inches, covers the dates from July 16, 1803 to March 3, 1811. It has 188 pages. The second letter book is 8 5/8 by 15 ½ and covers the period from March 4, 1811 to December 28, 1823. This book has 260 pages of letters plus 7 pages with information about postage costs. The third letter book, 7 15/16 by 12 15/16 inches, runs from January 1, 1824 to January 20, 1837. It has 158 pages of letters, but the last third of the book is blank. The final letter book is 8 1/16 by 12 15/16. It contains 99 pages of letters related to George Howland’s business during the period from January 27, 1837 to November 12, 1851. In addition, there are 4 pages of material following the notation “letters hereafter copies are in reference to the settlement of the Estate of George Howland and connected with it.” Two additional letters written by George Howland, Jr. and Matthew Howland and dated August 30, 1870 deal with replacing the Captain of the George and Susan while it was in Australia; the relationship to George Howland’s estate is not evident. The last half of this book is blank. Matthew Howland’s letter book for the years 1858 – 1879 is available at the Baker Library, Harvard University.

“In the eighteenth century bound blank volumes were used to record out going correspondence. Many authors used such letter books as a convenient place in which to draft their correspondence, recopying the final version on a separate sheet for mailing, while others copied texts into their letterbooks from the final version of the letter.” (Mary-Jo Kline, A Guide to Documentary Editing, 2nd ed., Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1998, pages 97-98.) Evidence suggests that George Howland used both approaches in his letter books. The presence of insertions and deletions, as well as a number of spelling errors, suggests that Howland’s letters in these books were frequently draft versions rather than a final copy.

The early letters in these books would have been written by George Howland himself or copied by the clerk. In later years George Howland Jr. and Matthew Howland were also involved. Two other Howland sons, Augustus and Charles W., made letter book entries on at least a few occasions. The work of several individuals is evident from the variations in handwriting, the abbreviations used, and other stylistic elements. Following the recommendation of Kline (A Guide to Documentary Editing, p. 123) for transcribing correspondence, the transcriber has not attempted to standardize most of the spelling or the abbreviations since these, along with the handwriting, can provide useful clues to the identity of the person who wrote a given letter book entry. However, in order to make these letter books more easily searchable, the transcriber has spelled out (and corrected when necessary) the names of the people and businesses with whom George Howland corresponded as well as the names of places and of ships. The words whale, sperm, and spermaceti are always spelled out. Other words are spelled out when an abbreviation is not obvious.

The largest group of letters involves George Howland’s business correspondence, especially with Cropper Benson & Company, Fish & Grinnell, Josiah Bradlee & Company, Post & Grinnell, Post & Russell, and W.E. & E. B. Laurence & Company Letters of instruction to his captains, both for merchant voyages and for whaling voyages, are included. There are a few letters related to family matters. An index showing the recipient of letters in each book is available.

The letters frequently involve financial dealings with drafts or bills of exchange. These were a means of paying debts in distant places without the risk of sending cash. Drafts are requests for one person to pay another and to charge the amount to the person who makes the request. Arithmetic books from the early part of the nineteenth century often have sections about this process. See for example, Frederick Emerson. North American Arithmetic. Part Third for Advanced Scholars. Boston: G.W. Palmer & Co., 1838, pages 216 – 220, which is available in the Whaling Museum Library.

These letter books use many of the abbreviations that were common in the businesses of the time. These include:
                                                                                                           Act or acc = account
                                                                                                           A/C or a/c = account current
                                                                                                           A/S or a/s = account sales
                                                                                                           Bbls = barrels
                                                                                                           Cr or Ct = credit
                                                                                                           Cwt = hundred weight
                                                                                                           Drft = draft
                                                                                                           Favr = favor
                                                                                                           Frt or frght = freight
                                                                                                           Hhds = hogsheads
                                                                                                           m = thousand
                                                                                                           Recd or rec’d = received

The letter book writers often used initials instead of the full names of individuals or businesses. When subsequent information or research has made the identity clear the transcriber has replaced the initials with the full name. When there is a “best guess” the transcriber has retained the initial and followed it with a bracket showing a question mark and the most likely identity. In the remaining cases the initials remain unchanged.

The transcriber has retained the practice of the writers of most of the earlier letters who used a dash rather than a period to show the end of a sentence. Similarly no attempt has been made to begin sentences with a capital letter if the letter book writer did not do so. Readers will observe that the writing in the letterbooks gradually changes over time and becomes more like contemporary writing style. Closings in the early letters were usually shown as “I am &” but there were some variations. Later letters were often closed “Thine &” or “Thy assured friend.” All of the closings have been transcribed. Datelines rarely showed the location of the writer; New Bedford is assumed. The variations in the datelines have been retained by the transcriber.

The transcriber has not made any systematic attempt to annotate the letters. Information about additional sources that supplement the content of the letters, such as the location of a logbook for a voyage or other related documents, has been included when found. The library and the transcriber welcome any information that readers can provide about the people, events, and places mentioned in these letterbooks.

Preface and transcriptions by Ruth Ekstrom
New Bedford Whaling Museum Research Library

 

Transcriptions: July 16, 1803 - March 3, 1811

 

 (1) [page # in pencil in upper outside corner]

 

To Jacob Barker

                                                                        7 mo 16 1803

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 9th Inst Inclosing an Order on  Story & Mix (of New Haven) for some goods sold them by John Brightman, since which I have recd the Amot of the Goods Via Nantucket & shall be obliged by thy returning the Order

                                                                                                      I am &

 

To Amos T Jenckes

 

                                                                        7 mo 29 1803

 

                                    I have been anctiously expecting for sometime to hear from thee or thy Brother respecting those Seal Skins he recd from Walker -  I Shall be Obliged by hearing from thee or thy Brother ^ soon^ on the subject -

                                                            I am &

 

To Hugh M[c] Culloch

                                                                                    8 mo 8 1803

 

                                    I observe thee advertises the Hull of a New Ship in the Boston Papers, of the following dimentions 70 feet keel 24 ½ feet Beam 10 ½ feet hole & 5 feet 2 in Between Decks - Should she not be sold on the receipt of this, I

(2)

should like to know the very lowest price per Ton Carpenters measurement, for Cash or Short Ct for her -

                                                                                                             I am &

 

 

 

To G L Chandler

 

                                                            8 mo 8 1803

 

                                    I observe thee advertises the Brig Tarantula for Sale, & being in want of a Vessell of that size, I shall be obliged by thy giving me her dimentions, Inventory what business employed in & the lowest price for Cash –

                                                                                                                                                                  I am &

 

To David Anthony

                                                            8 mo 13 1803

 

                                    Inclosed I take the liberty to hand thee Scott Jenckes Order in favr William Walker on himself for 400 Seal Skins, which Capt Jenckes was to sell for him in Canton, & hold the proceeds clear of any expence subject to Walker Order, as he consider’d the use of the money for so long a time would be an ample compensation for his trouble - I shall be obliged by thy presenting the said Order for Collection, for which I shall

(3)

expect to pay thee a Commission - Should Jenckes present thee with A/S of the Skins Amounting to less than $350 I shall be obliged by thy sending me the Acct Sales before thee cancels the Order with him, should Capt Jenckes do Walker justis it would amot to $400 or more -

                                                                                                                                                                     I am &

 

To Samuel & Nathaniel Hicks

 

                                                            8 mo 16 1803

 

                                    Your Esteemed favr of the 6th Inst Inclosing Ship Liberty A/C, I duly recd per thy Lydia Packet & fully note its Contents - I have this Day drawn on You in favr Thomas Hazard Jr at five Days Sight for $500 which when it appears I shall be obliged by your honouring with your acceptance-

                                                                                                                                                                     I am &

 

To Hugh M[c] Culloch                          8 mo 20 1803

Kennebunk

 

                                    Thy Esteemed favr of the 16th Inst I duly recd this Evening, & fully note the Contents – In reply may say, if the Boston Gentleman should not

(4)

Conclude to take thy Ship, & she is clear from engagments to any one, myself or Partner will go down to look at her on receiving such information from thee-  I think it is very likely we should purchase her should she answer our expectations, with a little vareation respecting thy terms -

      I take it the Ship is entirely compleated as it respects the hull, Inboard Joiner work & every thing of the kinddone ready for delivery, with Spars, Tops, Caps, Tressell & Cross Treese etc 

I am &

 

To David Anthony

 

                                                            8 mo 23 1803

 

                                                Thy favr of the 19th Inst I recd yesterday by Capt Allen & note the Contents- I am sorry to find that Capt Jenckes is not disposed to be honourable

in the business, Walker told me that he was told in Canton that the Skins sold for 85 Cts, & I have no doubt they did & furthermore there was not be be any freight or Coms ch’d neither do I think nor does it appear likely that Walker was to pay him his Passage when Capt Jenckes gave Walker his Notes for $800 when he left the Ship at the Marques

(5)

Islands, I should Suppose that Capt Jenckes would have deducted the amot of his Passage before he gave those Notes if he was to pay his Passage -  It is my opinion that Capt Jenckesmakes up these Charges merly because Walker is not present & to defer the debt & I request thee will not settle with him on those terms thee mentions, but should he present thee with A/S I shall be glad thee would forward them to me that

I may se what he is willing to do - I have no doubt if Capt Jenckes would shew thee the A/S of the Skins belonging to the Ship, they would Amot to more than 85 Cts

I am &

 

 

To the Honourable G Duvall Esqr Controller                  9 mo 7 1803

to the Revenue of the United States

 

                        The Petition of George Howland of New Bedford State of Massachusetts Respectfully Shews - That he is the Principal Owner of the Brig George, who was Register’d at this Office on the 26th of January 1802 which Register the said Brig George retained during two Voyages, the second Voyage she return’d into

(6)

New York the last of December 1802, where she was obliged to take out of that Office a Temporary Register in consequen of the property (in part) being changed, from thence she saild on an European Voyage & return’d into this Port on the 15th of May 1803,  Through unintentional oversight the said Brig George was admitted to an Entry & a few days after a clearance for New York with the old Temporary Register which was not discovered until she Enter’d at that Office on the 9th of last Month, In consequence of which the said Brig George said [saild] from New York the 1st of July last with a Certificate Only - The Petitioner Respectfully requests that the Collector for this District be permitted to grant said Brig George a Register on her arrival - There was no idea existed on my part but what  [the] she furnished was properly furnished with her papers until she arrived at New York    

I am &

 

 

To Post & Russell                                 9 mo 18, 1803

 

                        I shall be obliged by your enquiring of Baker & English whether the Cargo of Brig George was Ship’d as English or American property - Should you

(7)

hear of the Brig George at the Hook, I shall be Obliged by your ordering her here, on Acct of her Register, or if you should se any of your Pilots, you will request them

if they Speek her, to request Capt Taber coming in here -

 

                                                            I am &

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                            10 mo 23 1803

 

                        Thy favr of the 16th Inst I duly recd last Evening  ^Contents Noted^  I was very sorry to find thee did not get the information of my wishing thee to come here from

the Hook, however as thee has now arrived at New York I wish thee to discharge which thee of course has and Ship a new crew & take in provisions for another Voyage that is to go to Norfolk & some Port in Europe & back to this palace, as Tobacco freights are Very good now at Norfolk, Agreeable to my talk with Snow last Summer I expect he will continue with thee as I have a new Vessell on the Stocks that will be ready for Sea by the first of March, for thee it will be necessary for thee to be very expeditious to get

8

back in season to take charge of her, she is about Two hundred Tons - Tis likely the most of the crew will be willing to go another Voyage, the Cooks Master is willing for him to go another Voyage at such wages as thee may think he is worth -  If Post & Russell should not be able to get a Register in New York thee will stop in here and get one & then proceed on for Norfolk, should thee come here thee will observe to ancor below the Island, & let the people set thee ashore below the Rope Walks, in order that thee may get to the Custom House unnoticed, as thee will be direct from New York  I am doughtfull wheather our Committy will let thee land -↑Thee will likewise be particular not being any one that is not to go x↓ but should Post & Russell be able to get a Register thee will pro- ↑ x the voyage as thee will not be able to land them here -↓ ceed direct to Norfolk & there apply thyself to Richard  Blow for to obtain a frt  for any part of Europe, should your Cargo be Tobacco it will be necessary to have staves to stow it.  I should like to have them put in on owners acct provided thee & Blow should deem it most to our Interest, as you will be better judges when you find what Port thee will be agoing to -  Thee will be particular to send on all thy

9

Acct relative to last Voyages transactions & particularly the Cooks that I may settle with his Master, thee will provide the Cook some Clothing should he need any for another Voyage - I paid for the Cooks protection after thee saild $1. William May 25 Cents & English John 25 Cents which thee will Charge them I have charged the same to thee -  I understand that frts are much higher up to City Point & Richmond should that be the case thee will consult Blow respecting going up as the Brig will draw an easy draught of water, I think she mought go up without much difficulty, all which I submit to your

Judgements -  For thy Expences at Norfolk the ^will^ draw on Post & Russell advising them of the same & likewise myself & forward all thy accts that I may be able to settle with the owners accordingly -  I calculate 1/8 of this New Vessell for thee ^ thee ^ will make provission accordingly – Thy Friends are all well

I am &

 

10

To Post & Russell

                                                            10 mo 23 1803

 

                                    Your favr of the 16th Inst is duly to hand Contents noted - am sorry to find Taber did not get the information desir’d -  I find Taber has bough out his frt Money in Linnens, Glass & Glass ware all of which you will of course have Stored - I am in  hopes you were able to prevent paying foreign Tonage [Duty] Inclosed I hand you the Treasurers Decisions respecting the penalties occur’d by Brig George which I wish you to show to Your Collector that it may have some weight with him to grant another Register, but if he will not grant one the Brig must come here as it is our Collectors opinion that she is now entitle one & it is likewise his opinion  it is our Collectors opinion that the Brig is now clearly entitled to her Register & that your Collector would be perfectly safe in granting her one, as she has now made up the breach which she made, which will appear by the inclosed, but  if he will not grant one

11

she must come her[e] where she can obtain one - I wish the Brig fitt’d & a crew Ship’d to go to Norfolk for frts - Should she go direct from New York to Norfolk you will please address her to Richard Blow for to procure her a frt for some Port in Europe, please to give me the prices of those good which Taber brought

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                     10 mo 25 1803

                       

                                    I wrote you on the 23rd Inst requesting the Brig fitted for Norfolk, but have since recd advices that frts were on the decline & scarce -  I now request, if you do not obtain a register ^for her ^ to come here without Shipping a new Crew, Should you be able to get a Register & have Ship’d a Crew I leave you at liberty to do as you think Most  proper ^with her^ for  ^the^ Interest of the Owners -

 

If there should be any prospect of doing anything with a load of Staves from the Southward to some part of Ireland, I should have no objection, all of which I submit to your superior judgments

12

                                                           

To Jacob Taber

New York 12 mo 11 1803

 

                        The Brigt George is now loaded for Belfast thyself Master, which Port I recommend thy making every dispatch for, on thy arrival there thee will apply thyself to Hugh Crawford to whom the sd Brigt is Consign’d -  Should Exchange on Liverpool be high & likewise guinies, I should wish for the freight to be laid out in low pris’d Linnens not to exceed 2/ Irish Stg per yd - If Glass Ware can be purchased equally advantagious as at Dublin, I should wish 1/3 lay’d out in the same & the remainder in Linnen -  Should thee meet with any things that thee thinks will pay a better proffit than the above articles I wish thee thee to recommend the same to Crawford who I shall write to consult thee in his purchases

 

            Thee will bring what Passingers & freight thee can procure, should thee bring Passingers that would be a risk in giving Bonds for, I wish thee to stop at New Bedford with them - wishing I wish thee to get One piece of

13

Linnen for my own use -. wishing thee a pleasant Voyage & soon return I remain thy Assured Friend George Howland

 

 

To Hugh Crawford                               New York 12 mo 11 1803

 

                                                In consequence of A Cranston & Co principally loading the Brigt George Jacob Taber Master I consign her to thee to do the needful in collecting her freight & likewise to procure  what return freight & passingers that may fall in thy way for this Port – Inclosed I hand thee Invoice of 11½ m Bl Staves Ship’d on Owners

Acct which thee will please receive and dispose of the same for their Acct - Should Exchange on Liverpool be high & thee should deem it more to our Interest to bring it out Linnens or Glass Ware to remitting the Balance to Liverpool I leave thee at liberty to do it, with Consulting Capt Taber - Thee will pay Capt Taber what money he may wish for - 

I am &

14

 

 

To Samuel & Nathaniel Hicks                                       1 mo 17 1804

 

                                                I find on examining the Ship Libertus A/C which you renderd on the 2nd of 8 mo last, that there is a balance of Interest due her of $64.34 if I have made a right calculation, as will appear by the annex’d statement, I likewise find you have omitted Crediting my Acct with $5 for Stone Balast deliver’d to a Spanish Schooner last 6 Month, which you will please (if right) Ct my Acct with $12.83. your proportion of my Expences to the North River and Newburyport for Ships  

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             1 mo 7 1804

 

                                    I wrote you on the 12th Inst per John A Parker since which I have recd none of you esteemed favr , this is purposely to ask wheather it would be agreeable to you to answer my Drfts at a Short sight to the Amot of from 500 to 100 Dolls on Acct of Linnens left in your hands to enable me to get my New Brig in readiness for business early in the Spring, I expect you may be refunded early in

15

the Spring soon from the Brigt George present freights, which will not be appropriated any other way, In complyance to the above, will much Oblige your Real Friend George Howland

 

 

To Stephen Smith                                 1 mo 7 1804

 

                                    I think I notised when I was in New York that you had some English Duck of a low Number. & being in want of some, shall be obliged by thy sending

me 7 pieces of No 8, on the best terms you can offer it, I shall be in New York I expect in the course of two Months when I will settle with you for the same - The reason of my writing particularly to thee is that I may solicit thy particular attention to send me that which is good -

                                                                        I am &

 

 

To Post & Russell                                 1 mo 26 1804

addition to mine of the 17th Inst

 

                                    John A Parker left this for New York this Day if you can on his arrival at New York purchas his ¼ of the Brig George for my Acct, at a price not exceeding $6500 ^as she saild on this Voyage^ I wish you to do it, you will not let him know you want

16

to purchase it for me as tis likely he will hold her higher if you do, should you purchase her  I wish you to have the same Insured out to Belfast, if you are willing to do it by charging a Commission on the Amot of Premium  as I conceive that is all you are entitled to a Commission upon as that is what you are accountable for  

I am &

 

To Samuel & Nathaniel Hicks                                       1 mo 29 1804

addition to 17th

 

                                    I have this Day drawn on you in favr Benjamin Lincoln at fifteen Days Sight for One Hundred Sixty Eight Dollars & 5/100 which you will please honour –

I am &

 

 

To Samuel & Nathaniel Hicks                                       1 mo 30 1804

 

                        I wrote you on the 17th & 29th Inst advising my Draft on you in favr Benjamin Lincoln for $168.5 – this is purposely to advise you of my second Draft in favr Thomas Hazard Jr for $400 at fifteen Days Sight which you will please to honour when it appears

17

I expect there will be a small balance due you which you will please to call on Post & Russell for, I have written them accordingly - I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 1 mo 30 1804

 

                        I shall be obliged by your paying asmall balance which Samuel & Nathaniel Hicks will call upon you for from $10 to 30 - I shall be glad to hear from you on subject of my letters of the 17th and 24rd Inst

I am &

 

To Jacob Barker                                  2 mo 12 1804

 

                                    There are a number of Charges in the Diana’s Acct which does not belong to me to pay such as Gauging Coperage & Wharfage of Oil, with sundry other

Charges, which thee will please to request the Father Hazard to settle, if agreeable

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 2 mo 12 1804

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 4th Inst is duly to hand, inclosing Brig George A/S & A/C balance to

18

my Cr say $871.22 - I observe you have requested W Barstow to pay me $500 I have not yet seen him, I do not make much calculation upon his paying very soon as he is generally much drove for money - I do not much admir the name Fredonia - I did not much expect you would be able to purchase of John A Parker the ¼ of the Brig George - I shall be Obliged by your sending me 7 pcs English Duck of either No 5. 6, 7 or 8 I should prefer the thinest kind & all of one No or two No will answer if more conveniently procured & 7 pcs Ravens Duck of the best Quality, I hope you  will receive this timely to send the Duck by the Lydia I wish the Duck purchased on a short Ct - I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 3 mo 8 1804

 

                        Your esteemed favr of the 4 & 20 Ulto is duly to hand inclosing Brig George Acct & Invoice of Duck Amot $207.29 to your Ct - I was sorry to find 2 or 3 pcs of the  English Duck to be very poor, the remainder was good –

19

I yesterday saw Barstow when he promised to pay me the $500 in the course of the Week which is likely he will, We are now getting the materials for the New Brig onboard of a coster to go after her, am in hopes to have her ready soon if we can have suitable weather to rig her in, it snows every other day here – please write me what freights are at this time

in [?]

I am &

 

To Hugh Crawford

                                                4 mo 29 1804

 

 

                                    Thy esteemed favr the 10th Ulto per Capt Taber inclosing Brigt George Acct & Sales of Staves I duly received, all of which appears to be free from errors excepting one, which my friends Post & Russell have written you respecting – The One Box of Linens I have taken according to thy offer – the Brig George is now loaded for Cork with liberty to go to Dublin or Belfast, should she go to Belfast, I take the liberty again to address her to thee, & wish the balance of her freight out  be be return’d in linens with what frt & passingers that may offer I wish low prised linen & none under 7/8 wide - I am &

20

 

To Harvey Deaves & Harvey                            NYork 4 mo 28 1804

 

                                    Your Estemed favr of the 3 mo1803  I duly received & for your particular attention to Capt Taber of the Brig George please accept my thanks – the bearer Capt Snow (of the Brig George) I take the liberty to introduce to you, & shall be obliged by your assisting him in such business as he may stand in need of should he discharge in Cork  

                                                            I am &

 

 

To Capt Loum Snow                                        NYork 4 mo 28 1804

 

                        The Brig George is now loaded for Cork thyself Master, which Port I recommend thy proceeding  with all possible despatch, remembering that dispatch is the life of business, & that procrastination is the thief of time – on thy arrival at Cork (if the Charters should conclude to discharge there) thee will call on Harvey Deaves & Harvey to assist thee in thy business to whom I have writen - Should thee go to Dublin thee will apply to E  Forbes or to Belfast apply

21

to Hugh Crawford, to whom I have writen given thee letters Should thee get Passengers back & their should be any of them that would be risky in giving bonds for, thee will stop at NewBedford with them or should thee arrive at Sandy  Hook & should find it was sickly thee is at liberty to go to New Bedford if thee should be unwilling to go up to the City, but should thee take any freight for this place it will be necessary  for thee to come direct here – for the balance of the Charter out thee will bring the return in linens - Should thee meet with an opportunity of a freight in Europe that would be an object thee is at liberty to take it by consulting some one that should be acquainted with the business – thee will be very particularly in all thy protests in case of an accident to the Vessell or Cargo - Wishing thee apleaseant Voyage etc.

                                                            I am &

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                            New York 5 mo 8 1804

 

                                    The Brig Robert Barclay is now loaded for St Andero theyself master which place thee will make every dispatch that prudence will warrant, on thy arrival

22

at St Andero thee will make what enquirery thy situation will admit from thee neighbouring Ports respecting freights for any port of Europe or America & should thee find any that would be an object thee is at liberty to take them or leave them or get aload of Salt, in either case I leave thee at liberty to act thy judgment as thee will be better able to judge on the spot that what I can here – the freight out thee will receive from the Consigne of the Cargo in bills on London at 60 Days which thee will forward by different conveyances to me & likewise bring some thyself - Should thee have a short passage out & should meet with good dispatch at St Andero, I think it would be best to make every dispatch back before the sickness would be likely to sett in & take another frt out – thee will me by every conveyance

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             7 mo 20 1804

 

                                    Your esteemd favrs of the 12 of 5 mo & 22 Ulto I duly recd & note their Contents - Inclosed I hand you Three Hundred Dls which you will please place to my Acct & if convenient I should like to have my A/C with you by return of

23

Packet - Can you tell me what time the Brig Robert Barclay left the Hook - Brig George was spoken 8 Day out – had made good progress I expect she will soon be with you where I hope she will meet a good frt directly back which I wish you to do with all dispatch – as I consider without dispatch a Vessell can’t do much -  I shall write Cap Snow by next Packet with expectations of meeting him with you - I am &.  The number of the Bills sent in the above letter are Letter H No 7001 payable Cornelus Ray Dated

Philadelphia 9 of Aug 1803

 

            Ditto G No 3077 payable Ditto Dated [?] 30 of Jany 1800

            Ditto G No 1249 payable Ditto Dated [?] 30 of Nov 1798 

 

To Post & Russell                                             7 mo 28 1804

 

                                    This Day I had the pleasure of receiving your two Esteemed favours of the 26 Inst – announcing the safe arrival of the Brig George very unexpectedly, & that you had ingauged a Charter to New Castle & Back for $4250 which I consider is doing something Extra. I likewise received my accts inclosed - I hope you will

24

be able to find a ready market for the Linens & Bottles, excepting One Gross of Bottles which I wish sent to me -  I wish you to give the George every dispatch that your multiplicity of Business will admit of - Your Orders respecting the frt Money is perfectly satisfactory  

I am &

 

To Capt Loum Snow                7 mo 28 1804

 

                                    Thy favr of the 26th Inst I very unexpectedly received as I did not expect thee in quite so soon – Post & Russell writes me they have engauged a frt for New

Castle, to load immediately, I wish thee to give her every dispatch possible & likewise to pay particular attention to her bills that they are not larger than what is necessary –

           

I shall send on a Mate for thee by the next Packet & likewise the Top Sail – the Stacle [?staysail] & Top Gallant Sail thee must get in Europe -  I shall send a few Coils Cordage likewise by the Packet - Thee will settle thy Accts for last Voyage & send them to me and what money thee wants Post & Russell will let thee have - I shall expect for thee to settle thy

25

Voyage at $50 per Month for last Voyage & for the present Voyage I shall expect to give thee Mates Wages, Primage, Two & half pCt Priviledge & half the Nett proceeds of the Cabin Passingers – which is the same that Capt Taber had on the George & still

has on the Robert Barclay - I wish one Gross of Bottles sent me by the Packet & the remainder may be sold - I shall write thee again soon - I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             7 mo 31 1804

 

                                                I wrote you on the 28th Inst since which I have none of your esteemed favr - I wish you to give Capt Snow such instructions as you may think proper respecting his proceedings on the Voyage & if you think he will not be able to transact his own business in New Castle, in remiting his money to Liverpool (which I have no doubt he can with some instructions) I wish you to consign him to some good house there there that you may be acquainted with - I shall be obliged by Your sending me 3 pcs Russian Duck of 1st Quality by the return Packet - hoping soon to hear of the George’s sailing as well as the Robert Barclays arrival & likewise of your obtaining as good a Charter for her as you have for the George

                                                                        George Howland

26

 

To Capt Loum Snow                New Bedford 7 mo 31 1804

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 28th Inst by mail since which I have not heard from thee, but am in hope thee has by this time began to take in thy Cargo for New Castle The Bearer [?] Downey I have ship’d for thy Mate in the George, he was with Capt J Crandon last Voyage he recommends him very highly am in hopes he will prove to be agood man which I have no doubt he will - I agreed for him to have $26 per Month to go on pay when he enterd on duty onboard -

 

            I have put onboard the Fame the Topsail & three Coil Cordage, thee can get the Main Stacle & Fore Top Gallant Sail in Europe if thee finds the old ones will not be sufficient to perform the Voyage – thee will make thy sails & Riging last as well as thee can with prudence - I solicit thy particular attention both in economising the Brigs Expences & dispatch of her business – should thee have good disptach in New York tis likely thee will get away before Capt Taber arrives which must make him feel quite shagreend as he had made a wager that he would be back before thee -  What money thee

27

should have after paying they expenses in New Castle Post & Russell will give thee directions in remiting it to Liverpool to my Ct with Cropper Benson & Co - Should thee meet with good dispatch this Voyage thee will be back to take an early Flaxseed frt this fall - I have no need of imposing this upon thee as I am well assured that no exertions will be wanting on thy part to dispatch the Voyage in as short a time as it can be acomplished in - I wish thee send me thy accts before thee sails & am in hopes thee will get away before there is any sickness appears in thee City

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                     8 mo 17 1804

 

                        Your favr of the 7th Inst annexing Invoiced of thee pieces Duck I duly recd - I was disappointed by not recing a letter from you by the Lydia as she left New York as late as the14th Inst – by which time I should expect you would been able to say when the Brig would sail - I wish you would mention in your next what lay Days the Brig is subject to & what she is loading with - I likewise should wish to receive A/S of the Linens that I may be able to find what Cr they are sold upon - I am &

28

 

To Post & Russell                                                         9 mo 8 1804

 

                                                Your Esteemd favr of the 4th Inst I duly recd per the Lydia inclosing the Brig George A/C & A/S all of which I conclude is wright excepting the transfer of the Balance due the Brig which I request you will transfer to my Ct as ever has been done been done heretofore - If John A Parker had mentioned to me that he wished to have his 1/4 balance transfered on your Books, I dont think I should have had the least objection to it, but as it now is I wish you to Transfer the 470.49 back to my Ct - I wish you to mention whether that Information you recd of the Brig Robert Barclays arrival out, may be relied on or whether it was only such a report  

                                                            I am &

 

To Abner Shepherd                                          9 mo 17 1804

 

                                    Thy favr by thy Brother John I duly recd & I now Inclose thee William Rotch Jr. acct with the balance paid me 11 17 & I likewise inclose my acct in which thee will observe I have Ct all mo-

29

neys which I have recd, which leaves a balance due in thy favr of $237.76 which sum I shall send thee by John agreeable to thy letter

I am &

 

Arnold Wells Esqr                                 10 mo 20 1804

 

                                    What Premium will you ask on the Brig Robert Barclay Capt Jacob Taber ^ at &^ from St Andero to her port of discharge in the United States, & what additional Premium ^ if she^ should ^ she go^ [you ask] to St Ubes & Cape Verdes for Salt – the Brig is a new good Vessell, this is her only Voyage – all the information I have from the ^Brig since her arrival at St Andero^ since her sailing from New York is by a letter from Capt Taber Dated at St Andero ^ the^ 18th of July – he was then about half discharg’d – his orders was discretionary as it respected his going for salt & of course uncertain whether he goes for Salt or Not – thy Earley reply will much

Oblige thy  &

30

 

 

To Post & Russell                                                         10 mo 25 1804

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you Lewis M O’Brians bill on Junno & Loughnan of London for £820.9. 0 Stg which you will please receive & dispose of & place the Amot to my Ct - I have a letter which inclosed the inclos’d bill from Cap Taber Dated St Andero17th Augt he then was loaded & ready to sail for Cadiz with a load of wheat & Flour – frt  Amot to $3250 which is good tis likely he will return to New York with

Salt in the course of next month – he mentions he had sent one of the Bills to Bordeaux which is likely I shall receive soon & shall forward it immediately on to you this I recd Via Lisbon – the other two he should take on to Cadiz with him & forward from their. Cap Taber mentions his wheat fell short 105 bus for which the stop’d $231 which does not appear to me to be correct I wish you to make some enquiry respecting it - I cannot acct for the bills being so cut

31

the letter that inclosed it was cut through in two places – for what reason I cannot say hope it will not injure the sale of it

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 11 mo 1 1804

 

                                    I wrote you on the 25th Ulto inclosing a bill of Exchange on London for £820.9  Stg which hope you duly recd - I have this moment recd a letter from Capt Taber dated at Cadiz the 3rd of 9 mo mentioning he arrived there 4 Days since with Eleven Days passage from St Andero but had not got permit to go on shore but expected it soon he expected he should return to New York with a load of Salt -  Should he arrive with salt soon I wish you to make the best of it. Inclosed I hand you the third of the Sett of Exchange drawn by Lewis M O’Brian on Junno & Loughnan of London which I recd from Capt Taber Via Cadiz

I am &

32

 

 

To Post & Russell                                                         11 mo 12 1804

 

                                    Your favr of the 10th Inst is duly to hand Contents noted – I neglected mentioning that Taber recd the Amot of his frt (out to St Andero) in Dollars with which he purchased the Bills on Junno & Loughnan at 1 ½ pct Discount – notwithstanding the Bill of Lading expressed to be paid in bills on London at 60 Days. In consequence of which Taber thus proceeding, it is a question with me whether Bell & Co are responsible for the payment of those Bills, if you find they are not I wish you would make some provision against damages being recover’d should the bills be protested - Could not the ship Clyde give no Acct when Taber was to leave Cadiz -

 

                        I drew on you the 9th Inst in favr John A Parker for $800 at Sight which you will please to honour when it appears

I am &

33

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                            New York 1 mo 28 1805

 

                                    The Brigt Robert Barclay is now nearly loaded for Limerick thyself Master which place thee will make every dispatch for, and on thy arrival there should find it necessary to have some House to assist thee in thy business thee will call on Harvey & Fisher unless thee should find some other House more suitable of which thee will be able to judge on thy acquaintance with them -

 

            I wish thee to pay the People near what will be due them should they want it in Limerick as it will save the loss on exchange & likewise collect what specie thee can & bring it home with thee should thee return direct back, & the balance thee will have remited to Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool to my Ct provided the loss of Exchange does not exceed 5 or 6 pCt over the par of Exchange – should it exceed that & Linens could be provided on good terms thee will have the balance vested in Linens, should thee return direct to America, if not thee must remit the balance be the Exchange what it may –

 

            Should thee meet with an offer of business in Ireland that

34

would be advantagious thee is at liberty to accept it of which thee will be capable of Judging – Should thee return direct back & can obtain passingers thee will stop at New Bedford with them, should there be any objection with the Passingers to stopping at New Bedford thee may agree to deliver them in New York, should thee think it advisable – in which case thee will be better able to judge when thee hears their objections - Thee will always remember to write me by every conveyance & likewise remember that dispatch is the life of Business, particularly in Limerick, as it will very much depend on agood frt by being back early in the Spring – I wish thee to get me two pieces Linens of a good quality say 2/9 & 3/3 Stg per yd for each piece –

 

Wishing thee a pleasant voyage & safe return I remain thy Friend – George Howland

 

To Post & Russell                                             2 mo 9 1805

 

                        The bearer Capt Warren Delano goes on tomorrow to take charge of the Savage, hope he will reach you in due season - Inclosed I hand you the Collectors Certificate, which certifys that I am with Capt Gibbs the

35

only owners – if Capt Gibbs has an owner with him in the Ship besides myself – I suppose the inclosed certificate will not answer

 

            Should it answer you will please fill the blank for the feet of her Tonage – You will place half the Amot the Ship Savage to my Acct

I am &

 

[Note: Register for the Ship Savage is in Box 6, Sub-Series 15, Folder 1 of the Howland Collection]

 

To Capt Rowland Gibbs                                   2 mo 9 1805

 

                                    I reach’d home evening before last Capt Hitch is engaged to the Brig Diana - I see the Owners they would not give him up - I have this Day agreed with Capt Warren Delano the Bearer of this to go on and take charge of the Savage, I believe him to be a good man & hope he will suit thee – he is the only man now to be had as a Ship Master - I have agreed with him as at foot which hope will be satisfactory - Thee will give him such orders as thee thinks proper respecting the kind of Salt or Crates or to take frt should he have an opportunity & whether it would not be best to return here with Salt – all of which I submit to thy better Judgment - Thee will of course give Cropper Benson & Co orders to let Capt Delano have what money he may want for the of the Ship - Braley has gone on in the little Brig, hope he will reach in time to go in the Savage -

 

                                                            I am &

36

 

Post & Russell                                      2 mo 27 1805

 

                                    I have reluctantly this day drawn on you at 5 Days sight in favr C Congdon for Two Hundred Dollars which you will please honour - I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 3 mo 10 1805

 

                                    Your favr of the 12th & 27th Ulto is duly to hand, the former inclosing Brig Robert Barclays Accts which are Correct - I have daily expected to hear the George’s having a frt – but flatter myself with a hope she has one before this. Capt Snow goes on in the morning by the Lydia Packet should it be atime - I hope you will be able to make every damage good, as it respects to George’s Charter -You will give Capt Snow such instructions as you may think proper- should he go to Ireland & get Passingers back I wish him to return here – at any other port he is at your disposal -

                                                I am &

37

 

To Russell & Cutter                              3 mo 19 1805

            Boston

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your sending me your Gazette, & whatever your Custom is respecting payment etc. I shall expect to comply with - I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 3 mo 19 1805

 

                        Your favr of the 9th Inst I duly rec’d by the Packet & fully note its Contents – you mention the George has a frt for Nantz & nothing further – I am

frequently ask’d what frt the Geo gets – I am obliged to reply – I don’t know - sorry to say you are very short in your communications respecting the George - I should be obliged to know what ^ frt^ the George gets as I have not as yet been able to learn

I am &

38

 

To Post & Russell                                             3 mo 26 1805

 

                        Your favr of the 18th Inst inclosing the Ship Savage Acct I duly rec’d, half the balance my my Debit say $6874.6  which is right excepting the Staves Capt Gibbs says he expected they were to have been £11.10 per m – he might be mistaken – should it prove to be an error you will of course rectify it - I have likewise recd the A/S of Salt & Wine which are correct excepting the Interest Acct which is short Ct 4.79 - which you will if you find right rectify -

 

            The Brig George Capt Snow arrived here yesterday at 12 Oclk from NewYork on his way to Nantz – put in here in distress – leaking Badly – which we found to be on her Ruder Case which we have repaired - & he would have gone to sea this Day had the Wind been favourable – she will sail in the morning wind & Weather permitting – I don’t expect she has hurt any of her Cargo – this you may communicate to the Freighters if you think proper – her detention

39

will be but trifling & she is now as tight as a bottle, & otherwise in good Order - I hope the Lads were correct in taking the Acct of the Wine as it falls much short of my Acct & likewise of what the Duties were paid upon - I hope you have ere this received the Brig George frt - I should like to have the Brig George Acct as soon as convenient - I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             4 mo 15 1805

 

                                    Your favr of the 26th & 30th Ulto is duly to hand - I am sorry to find that Thornton has not yet paid the Brig’s Charter – as I calculated that to meet the first payment for the Savage - I very well knew that you could not give me the Amot of the Brig George’s frt before she was loaded – it was the rates of her for, which conceived I was entitled to, I ^ should have been paid to have recd^ at the time she was freighted – but it is no of no consequence now

I am &

40

 

To Post & Russell                                             5 mo 13 1805

 

                                    I shall be obliged by your attention to my letter of the 3 mo 26 to which I have no reply - I wish you to send me 5 bls best flour by return of Packet – any communications respecting the Savage Robert Barclay or George will be greatfully recd - I hope the George’s Charter is paid ere this

I am &

 

To Port & Russell                                             6 mo 8 1805

 

                                    Your favr of the 20 & 21 Ulto I duly recd & hope that Thornton has paid the George’s Charter before this you will please send me the Robert Barclays’ Interest Acct again -  I have enguaged a frt of Oil for the Robert Barclay for Nantz, Cherbourg or Antwerp mostly likely she will go to Cherbourg – could you obtain any frt for that or either Port to be ship’d from here - I don’t expect we have Oil enough to fill the Brig & I should like to get something to fill her up -  One Port is to be fix’d on before her sailing  I am mortified to find my Ct with you is not sufficient for five Bls flour which I requested under date of 13th Ulto – however I don’t ^now^ wish you to send the flour until you are in Cash for my acct to that Amot

                                                                                I am &

41

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                     6 mo 15 1805

 

                                    Your several exteemd favours of 3 mo 21 4 mo 2nd  & 9th I have duly received – by the two latter you acknowledge the acct of Capt Taber remittance from Limerick of Six hundred & Eighty Pounds Stg for acct of the owners of the Brig Robert Barclay, on Acct of which I have this Day drawn on you in fav of William S Wall for One hundred Pounds Stg at 60 Days which you will please to honour when it appears -

 

Post & Russell                                      6 mo 20 1805

 

                                    I should be obliged by your sending me by the return of the Packet Cap Taber 20 lbs upland Cotton if it can be purchased at a fair price & on a Ct If you could obtain 30 or 40 bales or frt I should prefer to having the Cotton not I would take it & allow frt & pay the frt here  

I am &

42

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                                        7 mo 3 1805

 

                                    The Brigt Robert Barclay is now loaded with Oil & Cotton bound for Cherbourg thyself Master, which port thee will make all dispatch for, should it be Blockaded thee will make for the nearest Port to Cherbourg & by all means not stop at an English Port as it will make much difficulty in France – on thy arrival thee will dispose of such parts of the Cargo as is consign’d thee, on the keys, if it can be done without much sacrafice & bring the proceeds home with thee, should thee return directly back if not thee will remit that with the frt to Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool or to Thomas Dickason & Co London for my Act

Should there be any freight in France that will answer to take I request thee will employ thyself with them as long as they prove advantagious – and request thy clost attention in dispatching every kind of business & that with Economy, as without that we cannot calculate upon much proffit – thee will return to New York & be particular to write me by every conveyance – wishing thee a pleasant Voyage & safe return - I am &

43

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 7 mo 17 1805

 

                                                Refering to mine of the 15th Ulto of which the above is duplicate, I have now to advise you of my Drft for £ 200 Stg at 60 Days in favr William S Wall which I beg the favr of your honouring when it appears

I am &

 

 

To Capt Warren Delano                                               7 mo 17 1805

 

                                    Should ^there^ not be a prospect of some business or Sale soon for the Savage we wish to the have her hauled into some snug berth where she will ly safe & discharge all thy crew we wish thee to continue by the Ship & accept such business as thee [?] with Post & Russell may think advisable - We have had some prospect of selling the Ship here, but I believe it will fail - I wish thee would send me an Inventory of everything belonging to the Ship -

                                                I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             7 mo 17 1805

 

                                    Your favr of the 13th Inst is duly to hand, Contents noted - I am sorry to find business is so dull & that nothing offers for the Savage - I mentioned in my last of

44

there being a prospect of selling the Savage here, but I believe it will fail – hope you will be able before long to find a market for her, if not we wish you to accept such business for her as you think will warrent her making something to the Owners - We think it will be best for the Savage to be put in some snug place & let all the crew be discharged excepting Capt Delano who we wish to have the care of the Ship & he will then be ready to accept such business as may offer - I wish you to send me by the first conveyance a kedge anchor with or without an Iron Stock of from 3 to 330 [?] one without an Iron stock would be preferred

                                                I am &

 

 

To Post & Russell                                             7 mo 25 1805

 

                                    Your favr of the 20th Inst reached me this Evening & Note its Contents - Capt Snow Charges his Disburst at New Castle £62.18 Stg  paid Custom house expenses & Mr. Chapman for assisting him in his business – which Charge I have no doubt includes that which you mention Thorntons [?frds] have forwarded to him - Should it prove to be unpaid it can be settled when Capt

45

Snow arrives – so as not to prevent your making a settlement with Thornton now if he is so disposed - I am &

 

To Capt Warren Delano                                   7 mo 27 1805

 

                                    Thy favr of the 25th Inst is duly to hand & Note its Contents - & feel satisfyed with the Savages frt - as it respects employing the Ship in Europe, should business be good we should like it, provided their could no frt be obtained to return that would be equally advantageous to the Owners - Should thee think it necessary to employ a Merchant in Amsterdam thee will apply to Haro [?I  Cortes] & Co who will by previous engaugment Charge only 2 pCt & they pay the Broker otherwise they will charge the Brokerage in addition to the 2pCt if not previously agreed with – if on thy arrival thee finds that thee can go up with the Ship we advise it – as it will not only save expense but the Ship will be much more likely to get frt than if she laid at New Deep – thee will make thy remittances to

46

Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool to the Ct of the Ship subject to the Drft of the Owners. Thee w Should thee not be able to obtain any frt at Amsterdam & is returning in Balast thee will stop at New Bedford - It will be necessary to lay in a sufficient stock of Bread for the Voyage as that article is generally much higher in Holland than here – We expect to allow thee the same Wages & Privleges as our agreement for last Voyage express’d - Thee will be very particular in giving information of thy proceeding that Insurance may be Effected acordingly - We have no doubt but thee is well convinced that there is nothing to be maid with such small frt without the strictest economy likewise every Dispatch possibly made

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             8 mo 13 1805

 

                                    Your favr of the 8th Inst per G S Hathaway is duly to hand & notes the Savage Sailing on the 7th with a tolerable frt - I should be glad to have the acct

47

as soon as convenient Balanced as before ½ to Each - & as soon as you can obtain a settlement with Thornton I should likewise be glad to have her accounts – Balance transfered as heretofore & likewise my Acct as soon as convenient - I should like to receive them by return of Packet. Should the George arrive at New York soon with Salt you will act your judgment in the sale of it & in procuring a frt for her immediately out again

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 8 mo 22 1805

 

                                    Above I hand you G Russell Drft for $400 & likewise inclose you D Rickertson & Son Drft for $500 which you will please to place to my Credit - I should have been very happy to have been able to have made you a further remittance at this time -

                                                I am &

48

 

To Davidson & Foster                          9 mo 6 1805

Bordeaux

 

                        The Brig George Capt Loum Snow arrived at this port yesterday from Ayamonte (in Spain) from which place he informs me he remitted you for Collection two of the setts of Exchange (the third I now inclose) drawn by Benid Dela Peidraf of Cadiz on Monsieur Michelaine of Paris for livre 18146.1s.9[?] to be placed to my Credit & subject to my Order - I beg the favr of your attention to have the same remitted from Paris to Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool or Thomas Dickason & Co of London to my Credit & when accomplised you will please forward me your [?Accompit] of the same

                                                            I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             9 mo 7 1805

 

                                    I wrote you on the 5th Inst by Mail informing of the arrival of the George & requested the state of Business with you. Capt Snow remitted the Amot of his frt

49

from Nantz to Ayamonte, to Davidson & Foster of Bordeaux in bills on Paris at 90 Days, I have written them as per inclosed letters to have the same remitted to England – If you are acquainted with Davidson & Foster I shall be obliged by sending them under cover by different conveyancees - If you can recommend any readyer way to avail ourselves of the Money you are at liberty to stop the inclosed letters –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                9 mo 25 1805

                        Liverpool          Copy forwarded

 

                                    I wrote you on the 17th of 7 Mo advising of my drft in favr of William S Wall for £200 Stg - I have this day drawn on you in favr of Post & Russell for £250 which you will please likewise to honour when it appears & place the Amot to Acct of Capt Tabers remittance – the Balance you will please to transfer to the Ct of John Howland & forward me the Acct of the same –

I am &

50

 

To Post & Russell                                                         9 mo 24 1805

 

                                    Your favr of the 10th & the 14th Inst is duly to hand - I now inclose you the Invoice of the 18t Bale of Duck You will observe by the note on the Invoice that One ^ of ^ [?] of the Bolts has been used for the Brig which was just [?] 1/4 the whole Amot -  I should like to receive the Duck as soon as convenient – when you send the Duck you will please send the Invoice & the Amot of Duties - I likewise inclose you a Sett of Ex change on Cropper Benson & Co for £250 Stg which you will please to dipose of for my Acct

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 10 mo 11 1805

 

                                    I have this day drawn on you in favr Lara Smith for $400 which you will please to honour when it appears – the George is wating your Order when it will do to send her on to New York for Business – should the Robert Barclay arrive at New York soon you will do as you think proper with her for the Interest of the Owners –

I am &

51

 

To Samuel R Fisher                              11 mo 10 1805

 

            From the encouragement I have ^ for our frd WilliamRorch Jr ^ of the probablility of meeting with immediate & good business from our frd William Rotch Jr at Philadelphia has determined me in sending to thy address the [?] Brigt George (the bearer) Capt George Braley & hope thee will be able without much delay to procure her a good freight for some Port in Europe - Thee will be safe in recommending the Brig to be a real good Vessell & an excellent Sailor – for thy advances to the Capt & Vessell thee will please to draw on me or Post & Russell of New York either which will be most convenient to thee

I am &

 

To Cap George Braley                                     11 mo 10 1805

 

                                    The Brig George is now ready to embark the first favourable time for Philadelphia theyself Master which place thee will make all convenient spede for & on thy arrival at Philadelphia thee will apply thyself to Samuel R Fisher to whom

52

the Brig is address’d for to procure her freight & when he has procured a frt for her thee will use all dispatch with economy to get her away & be particular to see the Cargo is well stowed it will be best to hire a Stivadoar by the Day & men enough to make up a good gang, if you can have the Cargo as fast as you can Stow it, if not thy own Crew will be sufficient however thee can act thy judgment in that respect - I think this likely thee will get frt for Ireland – however I shall object to her going to the West Indies or the Wine Islands – thee will see by the Shipping papers what money is advanced the crew & if they want thee will makeup their Months advance a little before you leave Philadelphia excepting the Cook I am to pay his wife the other half of his advance when I hear of your sailing from Philadelphia thee will put it down accordingly on the Shipping papers - I am persuaded thee is fully impress’d of the necessity there is of using economy & makg all dispatch possible – that anything may be made at the low rates that freights are now taken at - It is likely I shall see thee in Philaadelphia if not I shall write thee before thee gets away

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Samuel R Fisher will supply thee with what money thee will want for the Brigs expenses of which thee will give me an acct of before she leaves Philadlphia – wishing the a pleasant Voyage

                                    I am thy &

                                                George Howland

 

To Thomas Dickason & Co                               11 mo 27 1805

                                    Duplicate ford

 

                                    I have this Day drawn on you in favr of William Rotch Jr for £600 Stg at 30 Days on Acct of remittance that I have assurance would be made you in August last for Hittinger & Co of Paris for my acct for about £1200 Stg – which bill you will please honour when you are in Cash for my acct to that amot - It is expected by my friend William Rotch Jr  that if  you have not recd the above remittance that you will hold my bill until you receive the remittance anticipated upon – he will write you accor-

dingly

I am &

54

 

To Capt George Braley                                     12 mo 5 1805

 

                                    I recd thy letter of the 23rd Ulto a few days since & should have written thee before, but I have been expecting to go to New York for more than a week but am still detained with a head wind – It appears that its likely thee will go to some Port in Ireland – should thee go to a Port in Ireland where there is good Linnens to be purchased & at a fair price thee will have the proceeds of the frt vested in Linens price from 2/ to 3/ - if thee should not be able to purchase linens at a fair price & can purchase bills on Liverpool at a discount not exceeding 12 pCt  including the difft of exchange between Irish & British Stg thee will have the proceeds of thy frt remitted to Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool to my Ct -  I should prefer thy bringing out Linens at a fair rate Thee will be able to procure a number of Passingers from Ireland, if thee should bring any that there would be

55

a risk in Bonding for in New York, thee will agree with them to come to New Bedford where there is no Bonds required – thee wont bring out any but such as are able to pay their Passage – the passingers will pay thee in gunies which thee will bring out with thee - Samuel Fisher will recommend thee to some good house to assist thee in thy business in Ireland

 

            Should thee get Passingers that there would be no risk in giving Bonds for to clear them from becoming chargable to the State thee will return to New York – otherwise to New Bedford – agreeable to our agreement I shall expect to pay thee $30 per Month 2 ½ pCt  Priveledge ¼ Npds Cabin Passingers for this Voyage

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 12 mo 28 1805

 

                                    Your Esteemed favr of the 18th of 10 Mo is now before me – advising the receipt of Capt Delano’s remitance from Amsterdam on Accompt  Ship Savage of £750 Stg – on Acct of which and the Old Balance

56

remaining in your hands, I have this Day drawn on you in favr of Post & Russell two Setts of Exchange One for £400 & the other for £370 – which you will please honour when they apppear & place the same to account of Ship Savage –

I am &  (Copy forwarded)

 

To Post & Russell                                 12 mo 28 1805

 

                        Inclosed I hand you two Setts of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co in your favr – one for £400 Stg the other for £370 which you will please dispose of & place the proceeds half to the Ct of R Gibbs & half to my Ct -

I am &

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                            12 mo 16 1805

 

                                    As thou art master of the Brig Robert Barclay now bound from this to New Orleans & Liverpool & back to New York we give some directions how to proceed a Copy of the Charterg Party we now hand thee by which thou must be govern’d strictly, immediately on

57

thy arrival call on Phillips & Coit agents & get the Brigt ready for receiving a Cargo and notis must be had that the days used in New Orleans be endorsed on the Charterg Party & in Liverpool notice also must be had & if the time exceeds the days named demand demurage, if not paid protest & we can obtain it here tho we have no reason to doubt of all doing well - One half the Cabin is used reserved for the use of her owners, therefore all around thou will have due reference to it & make the most of it - Phillips is to advance to port Charges & which is to go on A/C the frt paid in Liverpool the precise amot thou will see is right & the frt money thou will pay to Cropper Benson & Co hands to the Ct of George Howland & request them to advise him of the same thou will call on Cropper Benson & Co to do thy business if necessary, on thy arrival write us & at the point of Sailg write us by mail that Insurance may be effected on the for frt etc if it should be necessary to ask advise assistance of any one in New Orleans besides Philips call on William C Mumford

58

who has a house there & of this City tho we expect no difficulty – we are &     Post & Russell

 

12 mo 18 1805 Thee will observe by the Charterg Party that half the Cabin is reserved to the Owners which thee will fill with Cotton provided thee can draw on New York for this Amot or if thee can get Cotton or freight either thee is at liberty to act thy Judgment – thee will follow the forgoing directions of Post & Russell

I remain & George Howland

 

To Thomas Dickason & Co                                           1 mo 3 1806

 

                                    I wrote you on the 27 of 11 Mo advising of my Draft of £600 in favr William Rotch Jr since which I have your esteemed favr of the 10 mo 2 last & fully note its Contents – I have to Day drawn on you another bill in favr Post & Russell for £504 which I beg the favr of your honouring when it appears –

I am &

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To Post & Russell                                             1 mo 3 1806

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you sett of Exchange for £504 Stg on London which you will please dispose of & place the amot to my Ct advising me of the same when don – I am &

 

To Davidson & Foster                          4 mo [?] 1806

 

                        The forgoing is copy of my last respect to you – to which I crave your reference – since which I have your esteem’d favr of the 3 & 26 of August advising of the acceptance of the Bill above alluded two – which gave me reason to expect an acct of the remittance of that mony to England long before this – I crave your particular attention to the business & hope soon to have the pleasure of receiving an acct of the accomplishing of the Business –

I am &

60

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             4 mo 30 1806

 

                                    Your Esteemed favr of 10th Ulto is duly  to hand & fully Note its Contents – in Consequence of your ↑advise of the↓ receipt  Capt Braleys Remittance from [?Newry] , I have this Day drawn on you in favr of William Rotch Jr for Five Hundred Pounds Stg which I solicit the favour of your giving due Honour & placing the same to my Acct – I hope Capt Taber of the Brigt Robert Barclay is with you by this, as he left New Orleans on the 16th of last Month for Liverpool – his Orders was to call on you for assistance in his business & the Balance of the Frt to be placed to my Ct with you

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                                         4 mo 30 1806

 

                        I have this Day drawn on you for $750 with you will please honour - I have ^previously^ Drawn severall small Drafts occasionally on you which you will likewise please honour -  I wish you to send by the return of the Packet Two Tons of the largest size Spike rods & five Barrells best Flour

I am &

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To Post & Russell                                 5 mo 10 1806

 

            I wrote you on the 4th Instant by Mail requesting the State of Business as I am at a stand where to send the George – I did expect your reply by this evenings Mail –

 

            The Linens which I mentioned to you by the George for Newry for Low & Waller Twenty Boxes & 1 Box for A Craston & Co I have put on board the Packet Capt Taber – which I request the favour of your particular attention to have me secured in the Duties as I have given Bonds here for the same – as likewise the freight which was to be Customary – The Entries can be made at your Custom House & the Amot of Duties forwarded from the Collector – the Entries were made at this office on the 5th Inst & bonds give at 8 10 & 12 Months – I am likewise under Bonds of $1000 that the Amot of Custom shall be produced before the First payment becomes due – all of which I crave your particular attention & I have no doubt the business will be properly arranged – As it was necessary the Brig should have some repairs I thought it proper to forward the ^Linens^ by the Packet

62

as Capt Braley says he told the Shipper of the Linens that he should stop at New Bedford with the Brig & it was most likely they L would be forwarded by the Packets to New York – so it seams that the matter was well understood & of course ^there^ can be no difficulty with the Consignee – Inclosed is an Order on David M [?Cornilk] for $72 drawn by William Mc Connell for Balance due the Brig George for his familys Passage which you will please collect if Possible – I likewise inclose another Order drawn by Henry M Lendon on Dunlap & Grant for $70 – it is uncertain whether Dunlap &Grant knows any thing about him, he says he Shipped some Linens by the W Pen & paid his Passage to come to America in her but was left – this likely Capt Hussey may know something about him if not Dunlap & Grant

I am &

 

To Davidson & Foster                                      5 mo 27 1806

 

                                    Sometime since I recd your letter mentioning the rect the freight of the Brig George Capt Snow – which I have already acknowledged the rect of before - & requested you by different conveyances to remit as soon as may be the frt money

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to my friends Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool or Thomas Dickason & Co London since which have not heard from you – nor my friends of the remittance having been made – the present is to request you in case any embarasment which may have prevented – which is unknown to me - & that may for any time prevent your compliance – that you will settle the whole transaction by paying the money into the hands John L Brown of Bordeaux –

I am &

 

To Davidson & Foster                                      5 mo 27 1806

 

                                    Sometime since under date of I wrote you to remit the freight of the Brig George Capt Snow to my Ct with Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool or Thomas Dickason & Co London which was remitted you in abill to collect for the purpose of remittance as above – I have ^no^ intelligence whatever of its being done – either from you or my friends – the present is to request that if or recd of this – it is not done – you will have the goodness to do it without delay – unless there should be difficulty in remitting to England if so – that good Bills cannot be obtained

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on pretty good & favourable terms – I wish you to vest the money in good Brandy – and ship it as speedily as may be - & on as low a frt as may be consign’d to Post & Russell New York on my Acct

I am &

 

To John L Brown                                             5 mo 27 1806

by Post & Russell

 

                                    Davidson & Foster sometime since recd upwards of 100 00 Levers frt of the Brigt Geo belonging to our friend George Howard of New Bedford they had orders to remit to his friends Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool – as the time elapsed since he heard from them is considerable - & not hearing from his friends of their having recd the remittance – wishes to have information why & wherefore it is not done – perhaps there may be good reason for it – good bills perhaps are difficult to be had – inclosed is a letter to them on the subject – only for us to be sensible that they have absolutely been favoured with the letter & Orders of our friends – if on the contrary the visisitudes & difficulties of commercial affairs may have had any effect towards embarrassing them & preventing them from speedily performing voluntarily – the business that may be committed

65

to their charge – in this case we wish thee to go forward & take charge of the Business receive the funds from them in the most prompt & efficanous manner possible - & vest it in good Brandy to ship it without loss of time – at as reasonable a frt as possible – in an American registered Vessell unless the frt would be so low – as would make up the difference for its paying foreign duties in such as Vessell- we have had nothing unfavourable to this House – Yet desiring to be on the safe side suggest our wishes with confidence & frankness –

 

            The property is native American belonging to George Howland of New Bedford consignd to us New York – if it should ultimately happen that the funds should not be remitted – which its pressumed is the case – & necessity for security sake – may make it necessary for thee to have the agency & completion of the Businsss - & that good bills could be had on England & without loss or any of moment – it is desired in such case in preference to have it remitted either to Cropper Benson & Co  Liverpool or Thomas Dickason & Co London – If as convenient Cropper Benson & Co in preference inclosed is an opened letter to them – to be presented by thee shd the urgency of affairs render it necessary for thee to step forward – if not then it can be destroyed & no intelligence whatever known

66

to them – should circumstances render it necessary for thee to step forward to take the business it will not then be requested to deliver the sealed letter –

I am &      Post & Russell

 

To Post & Russell                                             7 mo 12 1806

 

                                    Your favr of the 27th Ulto & 2 Inst I have duly recd & Note their Contents – the former inclosing the Brigs Acct the latter mentions your intention of forwarding the Brigs Acct by next Packet – & have already recd them – I should be pleased to receive my private Acct as soon as convenient & you will please let the Acct of the Staves per the George come into my [?] Acct with you as they will not be payable for some time yet – as that was my agreement with B & Robason that they should not be payable short of 4 Months by taking so large a quantity – I did not expect the Inst man would ship much of anything by the George – I think the Robert Barclay nor the Ann Alexander will be far from you When you receive this I have not as yet recd any letters from either – you will please forward me the Copy of Capt Braleys Orders – any information

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respecting the Linnens would be thankfully recd

I am &

 

To Capt Bates                                                  6 mo 29 1806

            Providence

 

                                                I observe by the papers thy arrival from Leghorn – I take the liberty to request of thee the favour of knowing whether thee can tell me anything respecting the ship Ann Alexander Capt Snow of this Port who sailed from New York for Leghorn the 2 of March last – any Information thee may be able to give me respecting her will be thankfully received by thy Assured Friend –

George Howland

 

To Capt Payson                                                7 mo 17 1806

            Boston

 

                                                I notice by the Boston Papers thy arrival from Leghorn & reporting left there the Ship Ann Alexander Capt Snow – As I have no letters from Capt Snow I should be much obliged by thy informing my by Mail when she arrived at Leghorn & when it would be likely she would sail for America – They complyance to the above request will confer an obligation on thy &

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To Post & Russell                                                         8 mo 7 1806

 

                                    Your favr of the 1st Inst is duly to hand inclosing Invoice of 25 Bl Flour Amog to $206 to you Ct – Inclosed is my Power of Attorney to John L Brown which I wish you to forward to him & write him respecting the business Your letter Book will shew what has been written him respecting the Business & what to do with the Property when collected –

 

            I always understood by Capt Snow that Capt Smith recommended the house of Davidson & Foster to him & am very sorry to find that Capt Snow did not follow the advice of Capt Smith in the Business – I shall be very fond of having a frt for the Ann Alexander to go to Liverpool & will balast her with Naval Store & Staves if they will pay a frt – as she has [?] leak which can most likely be found by taking her into dry Dock – I wish you to consult Capt Snow should he arrive respecting her leak & if it is possible for her to go another passage without stoping her leak I should very much prefer it as it will be attended with so much detention at this late season when the sickness may be (I suppose) soon expected, if at all –

69

that I should prefer puting ^in^ an extra man to pump – Capt Snow wrote me he expected it was owning to her being badly Caulked – but I have no doubt in my mind but her leak is some spike hole in her bottom as she was Caulked by faithfull Caulkers – James & Benjamin Howland & Myself yesterday purchased a ship at the North River to be off this fall – built by the same men as the Helenea was & the same size - & as I calculated for Capt Taber to take a part of her & go in her I should be glad (if he should arrive) for him to stay by the Brigt until she is discharged & got ready for another Voyage which you will be pleased to mention to him – I shall write him as soon as I hear of his being in – you will of course accept the first good business for her – or if a good price could be obtained I should like to sell her- [?] I have a letter from Cap Taber stating his arrival at New York in 48 Days from Liverpool & mentions his intentions of returning immediately to this place & that he should have the Brig in the Mates charge & has recommended him to to Master – I shall expect him to remain as Mate until the

70

discharge & when I have seen Taber I shall write Braley on the subject – If there is no frt that will be worth accepting for the Robert Barclay I wish no time lost in having her discharged & sent to Norfolk as Vessells are much wanted for Tobacco & dispatch given them – I shall forward the Power of Attorney by the Lydia who sails the first wind – you will please write me respecting the prospect of frt

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 8 mo 9 1806

 

                        I wrote you on the 7th by Mail since which I have none of your favours altho the Packet has this morning arrived – I inclose my Power of Attny to John L Brown which you will have the goodness to forward by the very first conveyance – I wish no time lost in geting the Brig ready for Norfolk should no frts present –

I am &

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To Stephen Braley                                            8 mo 11 1806

 

                                    By the recommendation of Capt Taber I have concluded for thee to take charge of the Robert Barclay if agreeable & under the conditions that I shall expect dispatch & stout economy in transacting all thy Business respecting the Brig for unless that is done nothing can be made  I have been in the habit of giving young Masters for the first Voyage less than after a little experience – Capt Taber had $45 Capt Snow $45 per Mo & Cap [? R Braley] had $40 per Mo 2 ½  pCt Priviledge & the Npds of Cabin passingers for their first Voyages & I am willing to allow thee the same as either, of which thee may take thy choice or I will give thee $ 30 per Mo & all the [?Prisn]allowed by the freighters which if she goeth to any port excepting Ireland will be 5 pCt & to Ireland 2 ½ pCt – thee will take thy choice & let me know by every conveyance respecting the Brigs business – I have written Post  & Russell that I wish the Brig got ready as fast as possible

72

for another frieight & if none presented when she was ready send her direct to Norfolk as there is ready frts of Tobacco to be had there Capt JH [?James Howland] of the Ship Fame writes to his owners on the 30th of last Mo mentioning that the frts were plenty & no Vessels to take them & likewise that it was very healthy – I wish thee to have the Brig got ready as fast as possible & that with stout economy as it Wholey depends on the Master wheather the Vessell makes anything or not – Cap Taber mentions that the Brig will need nothing excepting a little riging which thee can get in New York – If thee wishes any particular advice respecting the Business thee can ask it of Capt Rowland Gibbs who has gone on in the Packet – It will not be convenient for me to go to New York at this time – I expect the Brig Phebe will go direct to Norfolk as I understand the Owners have ordered her there – I wish thee to be as early as any of them if thee should go to Norfolk – I shall write thee again as soon as I hear from thee –

I am &

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To Post & Russell                                                                     8 mo 17 1806

 

                                                I wrote you on the 7 & 9 Inst since which I am without any of your advices – I am very much at a loss to know how to advise respecting the Robert Barclay’s going to Norfolk as I cannot learn from you anything respecting business or the prospect of business – as it is getting late to go to Norfolk I should much prefer the Barclay geting frt in New York to going  to Norfolk if one could be obtained in a reasonable time – my last advice for Norfolk (the  5th) was that frts was getting rather scarcer than what they has been – but still [?] was giving – I shall now leave it discretionary with you whether to send her to Norfolk or not – you may  have later advises from there than what I have – or you may be able to obtain frt for her for New York – in which you will be better able to judge than myself - 

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                                         8 mo 24 1806

 

                                    Your favr of the 16th Inst is to hand I am pleased to find there is some prospect of getting a frt for

74

the Robtert Barclay at New York – at any rate I expect it will be determined before the rect of this – whether she goeth to Norfolk or not – I hope the Ann Alexander is with you by this – I wish you to request Stephen Braley to send me by the Packet – the hook & heater of a Tea Urn which Capt Taber neglected to bring with him – which was left in one of the State Rooms – you will have the goodness to forward my Power of Atty to JLB [?John L Brown] as soon as may be – I wish you to send me by the Packet 15bls best Sfine flour – Capt Taber mentioned he did not receive the whole of what was due of his Charter at Liverpool – you will of course look into it –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            8 mo 10 1806

 

                                                Your favours of 4 mo 7 & 24 Inclosing the Owners of the Savages A/C are duly to hand – making a balance in their favour of £21.0.10 as appears by your act corrected – which is correct excepting a small error of 10/ in the Discount on the Carpenters bill – you will have the goodness

75

 

to correct it & the final balance place to my Credit – I have settled with Capt Gibbs accordingly –

I am &

 

To Capt Loum Snow                                        9 mo 6 1806

 

                                    I am happy to find thy safe arrival at New York – altho it is much later than I have been expecting thee – I had some fear respecting thy Safety – I had calculated thee left Leghorn about the 26th of May – I am pleased to find that the report of thy leaving 5 Men on thy outward passage was without foundation – I have requested Post & Russell to send me 10 or 11 Boxes of soap which thee will see are put onboard the Packet – I think it would be well to get 10 or 11 Tons of Pig Iron to put in the bottom of the Ship – if thee should think it advisable – I should be glad to hear respecting

the Ships leak – I shall write thee again when I hear more particularly from thee –

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             9 mo 6 1806

 

                                    I wrote you yesterday since which I have none of your favour – you will please mention to

76

Cap Snow respecting the Ann Alexanders leak – I hope you will be able to obtain a frt for her by the time she will probably be ready for one – you will make sale of what property she has brought home on owner acct if it can be done as favourably now as at a future time – you will forward me the Robert Barclays Acct as soon as convenient – you will please forward the inclosed letter for Liverpool by the first conveyance – I have drawn on you in favr of R & Thorton for $100 which you will please honour –

I am &

 

To Capt Loum Snow                                        9 mo 6 1806

            addition to the other [?]

 

                                    Since writing the foregoing I have recd thy letter of the 2nd Inst – I am much pleased to find that thee has stoped the Ships leaks – I should advise thee by all means to take the Ship to Brooklyn to discharge as the Ship will not only be safer but will be much handier discharging her – I have advised Post & Russell

77

to have the property which belong to the Owners sold immediately provided it could be done as advantagiously now as at a future date – I hope that a frt will present for her by the time she is discharged – I should prefer a Liverpool frt to any other provided we could get cotton to put between Decks –

I am &

 

To Benjamin Howland                                      9 mo 6 1806

 

                                    We have concluded to have the Capson made to the Ship provided it can be done before the Ship is launched & room to place it – we have a prospect of sending the lower Caps & Trustletree with Rigging & blocks sufficient to sett the lower masts & get the Ship down the River with – by the Vessell that will carry the Sails &  Riging for Barstows Ship – which will be the last of this Month – We shall want to get the Riger there to set her Masts – we wish thee to see what those Pilots that Uncle James saw & know what they will get the Ship down the River for by the Job - & let us know – would it

78

not be best to sett the Masts on the Stocks provided we get the Riging & blocks down timely – We wish thee to have as much Balast drawn to the What as the Ship will take & go over the Falls – Thee will recollect that the Dimentions of the Masts by which the Rigging is fitted too – is Fore Mast 56 feet 8 feet head Main 67 feet 8 feet head & Mizen 55 feet 6 ½ feet head – We wish thee to let us know when the Vessell will be ready for [?priming] –

 

To Capt Stephen Braley                                                9 mo 18 1806

 

                                    Thy several from New York & Norfolk have to hand in course particularly them of the 6th Inst has this moment been recd – which is too late to write thee at Norfolk – therefore I shall send this to New York to be forwarded thee at Dublin – I wish thee to apply to Charles Fawsett & Co to do thy business at Dublin & the Amot of thy Frt out, after paying thy expenses thee will have remitted to my Friends Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool & to my Ct with them – I wish thee to use every dispatch possible to return direct Back to NewYork so as to be in season for a Flax

79

out Frt – Unless there should a good frt or Charter offer at Dublin for Some other Port in Europe or America & my Friends CF & Co should think it advisable to accept it thee is in such a case at liberty to do it – otherwise thee will make the best of thy way back to New York – taking what frt & passingers should present whilst thou art geting ready to return – I dont wish thee to wate one hour for Passingers neither do I wish thee to bring any passingers that there would be any risque in giving bond for at NewYork to prevent their being chargable to the State – as that risque would be more than the Passage would be worth

 

            Thee will at all times study the Interest of thy Owners & give dispatch & Economy to every thing which thee undertakes as that alone will insure thee the confidence of they Owners & Insure thee employment in the station which thee now

fills – as Dublin is very expensive Port it will be necessary to watch they expenses narrowly & lay as little time there as possible- I wish thee to have the brigs Bottom examined (if it can be done with out much ^dispatch^ detention & Expense) & see if there is any worms

80

got in & [?pay] her bottom over with Verdigris & Varnish or with Rosin & Oil – but I don’t wish it done if it is to be attended with much detention & Expense – This I hope will reach thee in due season –

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                 9 mo 18 1806

 

                                    Yours of the 12 Inst I yeterday recd & note the prospect of a frt of Wheat & Cotton ^for the Ann Alexander^ for Liverpool which hope you will be able to obtain – I wish you to loose no time in leting me know when by the earlyest conveyance either by Mail or Packet when you engauge a frt for the Ann Alexander that I may send Snow immediately on to attend to the business of loading frt – I wish you to forward the inclosed letter for Cap Braley by the very first conveyance for Liverpool or Ireland – should you not send it dirct – I wish you to have to goodness to forward it under cover to your Friends – Cap Braley has a frt for Dublin of 150 hhd Tobaco at 4Guines & full up with Staves at 10 Guins frt

81

he was to sail about the 15th Inst – I wish you to inform me what Exchange is worth –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            9 mo 19 1806

 

                                    The foregoing is copy of my last respects to you – to which I crave your reference – since which I have your est esteemed favour of the 13 of 6 Mo & 15 of 7 Mo the former from the Robert Barclay enclosing the Account of her Disbursments Amog to £335.33 which appear to be correct – The Robert Barclay Capt Stephen Braley has I expect sail’d by this from Norfolk with afrt for Dublin – his Orders is to remit his frt to my Ct with you – which you will please receive & Note accordingly – Capt Taber mentioned to me that he neglected paying the Blockmakers Bill – should it be presented to you for payment you will have the goodness to do & place it to the Brigs Acct

I am &

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To Post & Russell                                                         9 mo 10 1806

 

                                    I wrote you yesterday by Mail inclosing a letter for Capt Stephen Braley to be forwarded him at Dubin I now inclose you two others for him of the same tener which I wish you to have the goodness to forward him by the first most direct different conveyances as I wish him to recive one on his arrival at Dublin – I likewise inclose One for Cropper Benson & Co which you will please forward them – I wish you to send me by return of Packet 2 Bls Prime Pork 3 Bls Mess Beef – 1 Caboose of the best kind of a suitable size for a Ship of 300 Tons – tis likely some of your Ship Captains can tell what kind we want better than I can discribe one – 3 pcs narrow bunting of Red Blue & White 1 pt of each colour –

I am &

 

To Capt Loum Snow                            9 mo 25 1806

 

                                    Thee will proceed to New York & there take Charge of the Ship Ann Alexander for Liverpool

83

& apply to Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool to assist thee in they Business & who thee will likewise consult respecting the future destination & business for the Ship – Should thee be able to obtain any business in Europe that would be advantagious to & safe I wish thee to embrace it – if not & should be returning with Salt thee will make the best of thy way back to American & on thy arrival on the Coast thee should find the weather severe thee will make for such a Port as will be easiest got into from New York to the Southward of it – as the Ship is going an expensive Voyage I wish thee to be as prudent as is possible – laying as little time in Port as circumstance will require – Wishe the a pleasant Voyage etc 

I am &

 

 

To Post & Russell                                 9 mo 25 1806

 

                                    Since writing you on the 19th Inst by the Lydia – I have your favr of the 17th Inst – informing you have engauged apart of a frt for the Ann Alexander for Liverpool & hope you will have been able able engauge the remainder by the

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Cap Snow goes on in the Fame & hope he will be with you in due time – but not so soon as I could have wished for him to have been – he has just got through [?Murryampton ]

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 9 mo 30 1806

 

                        The foregoing is Copy of my last to you – since which I am without any of your exteemed favours – this is purposely to inform you of my having this day drawn on you in favr of our mutual friend Post & Russell for £600 Stg which I beg the favr of your honouring when they appear - & place the same to my Acct – The Ann Alexander Capt Snow is now aloading at New York for Liverpool – I expect she will sail in the course of a few days – She has some Naval stores on Acct of her Owners & have directed her to be addressed to you – you will of course do the needful respecting her on her arrival at your Port – I hope you will be able to obtain some return frt for her as she is a good New Ship – this only her second Voyage –

I am &

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To Post & Russell                                 10 mo 1806

 

                        Your two favr of the 26 Ulto is duly to hand inclosing Invoice of Sundries ship’d for the Lydia amog to $148.61 to your Ct – I am glad to find by JLB&Co that there is some prospect of [?] & Fosters paying that money- but when we cant say – Inclosed I had you my Sett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co for £600 Stg which you will please dispose of at Par – I shall be under the necessity of drawing for it soon – as our New Ship will be launched next week next thing of course is to pay for her – hope you have been able to sell the Soap & Candles frt of Ann Alexander by this & likewise hope she is nearly ready for Sea – You will have what Staves stowed with the Cargo as will take to fill the Vacances –

I am &

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To Cropper Benson & Co                                             10 mo 11 1806

 

                                                I wrote you on the 30th Ulto since which I have your esteemed  favors of the 2nd  & 16th of 8 Month informing of your having ^obtained a^ freighted for the Brig George Cap George Braley for Hamburg which I think is better than returning with Salt

 

            I likewise recd inclosed the Robert Barclays A/C with your balansed in her favr of £597.10.5 Transford to my Ct – which is right as far I know – altho Capt Taber says you were not to Charge any Coms on the freight – if so you will please correct it – if not the Acct stands fair & Correct – I expect the Ann Alexander will be with you before the rect of this & hope you will be able to make a good & speedy Sale of the Naval Store ship’d by her –

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             10 mo 18 1806

 

                                                Your favr of the 2nd Inst informing of your Acceptance of Capt Braleys Drft in favr Richard  Blow

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for $410.85 which is to your Credit - & likewise that you have Sold the [?Dregs] from the Ann Alexander – which I wish you make separate Sale of from the Soap & Candles which I hope as likewise sold thy thus – I have Drawn on you in favr Caleb Condon for $1000 & likewise in fav of John [?Pickets] for $ 1500 in three Drft for $500 each – which you will please honour when they appear –

 

You will please forward the Ann Alexander Acct as soon as convenient –

I am &

 

To Seth Russell Jr.                                            10 mo 19 1806

            Boston

                                                Shall I solicit the favour of thy making inquiry at [?Lachy & Mark ] Office to know what Insurance may be effected at on the Brigt George at from Liverpool to Hamburg at then thence to her port of discharge in the United States If it can be done for less than 5 pCt – to return 3 pCt should the [?] end at Hamburg – I shall be much obliged by thy having $7500 effected for me & I will forward my Note for the

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Premium – I have a letter from Cap George Braley ^Dated^ at Liverpool the 15 of 8 Month – he says he is nearly loaded with Sugar & Coffee & expects to sail in the course of Six days

I am &

 

To Arnold Willes Esqr                           10 mo 25 1806

 

                                    Inclosed I hand thee Gilman & Langdons Acceptance for Eight hundred & twenty seven Dollars which hope will be acceptable for the payment of my Premium Note on the Ann Alexander ^altho it is not due quite so soon as my note ^

                                   

& the balance you will please endorse on William Rotch Jr Note

for Premium on the William & Eliza – Capt Snow of the Ann Alexander paid a small general average at Leghorn of $25.20 in consequence of throwing overboard some Pepper tor ^a gale of wind to^ clear his pumps to get them out – as they were chocked in consequence of a Cask of Coffee being stove by the Pump will – he has provided

me not thing to document as yet as yet to prove the Charge – but I believe thee may rest assured that the Charge is correct & if thou feels satisfied to allow it I shall be obliged –89

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 11 mo 15 1806

 

                                                I wrote you on the 11th Ulto since which I have your favr of the 9 mo 12 inclosing the Brig George’s Documents & advising the recd of Three hundred & fifty Pounds Nineteen Shilling & Eight pence from Lachy & Mark & before they have previous to this made you a further remitance

 

            I have I now to advise of having this day drawn on you in favr of our friends Post & Russell for One hundred & fifty Pounds Sterling which you will have the goodness to honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             11 mo 15, 1806

 

                                    Your favr of the 8th Inst annexing Invoice of 14 bls Flour is duly recd & the Amot of Invoice $111.85 is to your Ct – I have drawn on you in favr Jonathan Howland for $165 & likewise in favr William Rotch Jr for $400 both of which you will have the goodness to honour when they appear –

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Inclosed I hand you my sett of Exchange for £150 Stg on Cropper Benson & Co which you will please dispose of & place the Amot to my Ct – Our New ship arrived on the 12th from the North River – she is a very handsom Ship about 310 Tons – You will have the goodness to advise respecting business I hope I shall have the pleasure of receiving the Ann Alexander Accts by your next –

I am &

 

Capt Jacob Taber                                             12 mo 26 1806

 

                        Thou art Master of the ship Elizabeth now ready & bound for Charleston which Port thee will [?] make the [?] of thy way for – on thy arrival I wish thee to call on Robert Maxwell to know the prospect of geting a frt for the ship & likewise I wish thee to write immediately to Savannah to find what can be done there & when thee is posses’d of such information thee will ^then^ be able to judge which Port will do best – if Savannah thee will proceed there

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Should thee go to Savannah thee will find B be able to find in Charleston what Course would be best to Call upon to do thy business – Samuel Howard has been recommended to me as being a good man & likewise one Meggs that went from Rochester – however I shall leave it with thee to find the best to call upon any one thee may find or think will do best – I suppose that Benjamin [?Drew] would be able to give thee every information necessary in recommending some one that thee might confide in to do thy Business – Thee will be particular to agree for the Commission to be 2 ½ pCt otherwise they will charge 5 pCt  - For thy disbursements thee will draw on me or Post & Russell for advising of the same – Should thee be able to get a frt of Cotton to any part of Europe – I wish thee to pay every attention to its being Secured as they  may injure the ship by over Securing more properly stowed – on thy arrival in Europe thee should meet with an opportunity of geting frt for the ship thee is at liberty to accept it – provided there is sufficient  [?]

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-agement to warrent the undertaking – in which thee is use thy judgment – should thee go to Liverpool & should think it best to take the Ship into dry dock thee is at liberty to do it – all thy remittance will in Europe will be to Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool – Should thee be returning in Balast or with Salt I wish thee to speak with the Vineyard Pilot Boats as we intend giving thee instructions where to proceed by them – Thee will at all times have it fresh in remembrance that the Ship lays at a great expense & that it will be very necessary to use every exertion for Dispatch & Economy possible – should thee go to London or Liverpool I wish thee to get me one doz Bottles of the genuine sort of Twolintons Balsam  -

I am &

 

To Robert Maxwell                              12 27 1806

 

                                    The bearer hereof Capt Jacob Taber of the Ship Elizabeth - ↑who I↓ by whom I take the liberty to hand thee the enclosed letter – I shall be much obliged by ^thy^ rendering him such assistance as he may stand in need of in procur-

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ing a frt for the Ship for Europe – I have recommended to Capt Taber to get information from Savannah respecting frts as they are sometimes better there than at Charleston in which case I  shall be particularly obliged by thy putting him in away to gain such information – Capt Tabers Dfts on me here or Post & Russell of New York will meet due

honour –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 1 mo 15 1807

 

                                                Your Estemed favour of 10 mo 11 last is duly recd & Note its Contents – I have no acct of Capt Braley leaving Hamburg as yet – I have this Day drawn on your in favr of Post & Russell William S Wall for £300 Stg which you will please honour when it appears & place the same to my Acct – I have just recd the acct of Capt Snows arrival at Liverpool in a short passage of 21 Days & hope you will be able to dispose of the property shipd by her on Owners Acct so as to pay a frt

I am &

94

 

[Entire letter below marked VOID]

 

To Post & Russell                                             1 mo 3 1807

 

                                    Your favr of the 20 & 29 Ulto is duly to hand – the former inclosing Invoice of my Beef  Pork & Bread amounting to $297.27 is to your Ct – I now Inclose you a Sett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co for Five hundred Pounds Sterling which I wish you to dispose of Provided it can  be done at 1 ½ pCt or not exceeding 2 pCt Discount – I likewise enclose you a letter to Cropper Benson & Co which I wish you to forward when you sell the Bills –

I am &

 

To George Braley  (Copy)                    6 mo 14 1806

            by Post & Russell

 

                        As agents for the Brig George which Vessell is now ready for Sea we wish thee to Embarc the first fair wind for Cork – on thy arrival Call on Lachy & Mark – deliver them our letters who will receive the property we have shipped on Acct of Owners - & will assist thee

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in dispatching  of thy business – after thy discharge if no frt offers for America or some port in Europe we wish thee to go direct for Liverpool Call on Cropper Benson & Co to whom we hand thee a letter – request them to load the Brig with Salt & Coal – take no more Coal than is necessary to dunnage & fill her with fine Liverpool Salt after thee is loaded make the most dispatch possible for New Bedford – when thee arrives at Cork thee will request Lachy & Mark to inform thee if there is any Chance of thy procuring a frt to advantage if not loose no time in geting to Liverpool – should not advise thy return from Cork unless thee Can obtain 2 or 300 Pounds Frt – Post & Russell

 

To Post & Russell                                 1 mo 6 1807

 

                                    I have this Day paid 1/3 my Bonds to the Custom House on goods belonging to L & [? Wallau]  & A Cranston & Co for which I have drawn on you for the

96

same Amot in two Drfts one in favr A Sherman Jr for $146.50 the other in favr of John Gibbs for $88.95 making $235.45 – being 1/3 the Amot of Duties on both parcels of goods – as will appear by statement at foot – which I beg the favr of your collecting from them with the frt of the goods – [?]

 

            Amot of Duties on L & Wallau goods $625.73 1/3 is $208.58

              Ditto ---           on A Cranston & Co Do  80.61 1/3 is   26.87

                                                                                                $ 235.45 amo pd

 

the other 2/3 is payable 3 mo 5 & 5 mo 5 1807

 

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                                          2 mo 17 1807

 

                                    Having had no correspondence with thee particularly – altho the Brig Robert Barclay went to thy [?advice] last Summer – which Vessell belonged to me yet I take the liberty to address thee at this time – requesting of thee the favour of thy informing Capt Jacob Taber of the Ship Elizabeth of this place now at Charleston – the prospect of his obtaining a frt at Norfolk for a Port in Europe – the Ship is New – running 300

97

Ton Burthen – please direct to the care of Robert Maxwell of Charleston – thy early information to Capt Tabor will much oblige me –

I am &

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                                        2 mo 17 1807

 

                                    Thy favr of the 12th Ulto by Mail I have duly recd & am sorry to find that business is so very dul at Charleston – I have been anctiously expecting to hear by every Mail of thy having been able to obtain some business for the ship – but as yet have been disappointed of receiving such information – I shall write by this Mail to my friends Post & Russell & Richard Blow of Norfolk to advise the thee state of Business with them & on thy recg their advices respecting freights & thee has not obtained a frt for the ship – thee will then act thy Judgment whether to stay where thee is – come to Norfolk or New York should thee on taking a view of the business think it more advisable to come to New York tis likely thee may be

98

able to obtain some Cotton on frt to New York – but I should not recommend any delay in geting to New York should thee think it most advisable to come there -  Should thee find that Vessels are thining off at Charleston & Comg to the Northward – perhaps in such a case it will be best to ly still – in all cases thee willhave a due [?refferante] –

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             2 mo 17 1807

 

                                    Your favr of the 7th Inst is duly recd & note its Contents – I have a letter from Capt Stephen Braley of the Robert Barclay dated the 1 of 11 Mo – he expected to sail in the course of 20 Days I hope she is with you by this – I forwarded by G Russell Jr. $700 which would help pay of the Robert Barclays Crew should she arrive – I expect that Capt Taber of the Elizabeth Consign’d to R Maxwell of Charleston is now lying there without business – which I wish to remedy if possible – Cant you obtain a frt for her on conditions she has none previously engaged on receiving the Information – or Cant you obtain a frt for

99

the Ship to come to NewYork to take it – if neither will you have the goodness to give Capt Taber the state of Business at New York – likewise your opinion respecting business under the present prospects – the Ship is of the same dimentions of the Helena 305 Tons –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             2 mo 14 1807

 

                                    Your several favours of 10 mo 30 – 11 mo 15 & 12 mo 5 1806 are duly recd & Note the several remittances to you from my friends Lachy & Mark of Cork Richard Kavanaugh Dublin & Capt Braley from Hamburg all of which are correct & are enterd accordingly – the Ann Alexander Charter I am well pleased with I think she will do well if she should be favoured to perform her Voyage without molestation – I am sorry to find Capt Snow should order Insurance on the Ship when there was a sufficient time to write me respecting his intended Voyage previous to his sailing for Liverpool Capt Braley of the George was ready to sail from [?Aluanh] for Stigo on the 10th of 12 Month

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& am in hopes he has made you a remittance for my Acct before this  -

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 3 mo 4 1807

 

                                    Since writing you on the 14th Ulto I have your exteemed favour of 12 mo 20 & 1 mo 5 the former inclosing the Ship Ann Alexanders Acct Curt & Sales all of which appear to be correct & are entered accordingly – the latter advising the rect of £219.5.1 from Lachy & Mark it being the Balance due me from them which appears by their A/C – I likewise have your Circular of 1 mo 1 1807 & Note the addition to your house & shall pay attention to their Signatures – I have now to advise you of my having this day drawn on you in favr of my friends Post & Russell for £1000 Stg which you will have the goodness to honour when it appears –

I am &

 

To Capt Loum Snow                            New York 3 mo 14 1807

            London

 

                                    Thy several letters from Liverpool have been recd by which I find thee has obtain’d a Charter for Leghorn

101

& back to ^ a port in ^ England most likely London which place I am in hopes this will meet thee – all I can say respecting thy future destination after thy discharge from the Present Charter is to accept of such future business as may offer & should appear to be favourable – either to come to America or to employ thyself in Europe – I wish thee to advise me of any future Voyage – that I may effect Insurance accordingly – I was sorry to find thee had ordered Insurance on the Ship for the last Voyage – as I could on the receipt of thy letter had Insurance Effected at 7 pCt – should thy Port of Discharge be London & no further business offered for the ship thee will return direct to this Port in Balast – or should thy Port of discharge be Liverpool & thee should not meet with any further Business in that Port thee take in a Cargo of fine Salt & return direct to this Port – Should good Business offer for to employ thee until fall I wish thee to embrace it in preference to returning this Summer –

I am &

102

 

To William Effingham Laurence                                     New York 3 mo 14 1807

            London

 

                                    By the recommendation of our mutual Friends Post & Russell – I take the liberty to send to thy address the Brigt Robert Barclay Stephen Braley Master now loaded for your Port – with a Cargo of Flour for [Jms] & Geo Morewood – I have a few Pipe Staves onboard the Brig for Dunage to which thee will please dispose off for her Acct – I shall be obliged by thy Dispatching the Brigt directly Back in Balast unless a good frt should offer – I wish no delay on Acct of freight – Post & Russell hafe written you respecting the Ship Elizabeth Capt Jacob Taber & the Ann Alexander Capt Snow which thee will please have attention too & likewise the reason of my placing my business in thy hands – please direct to me at New Bedford –

I am &

 

To Capt Stephen Braley                        New York 3 mo 14 1807

 

                                    Thou art Master of the Brigt Robert

103

Barclay now loaded with flour for London for which Port thee will make every dispatch for that prudence will warrent – & on thy arrival at London thee will apply to William Effingham Laurence to do thy Business to whom I have addressed the Brigt – he will assist thee in giving every dispatch possible to the Brigt which united with thy own efforts & exertions will enable thee dispatch thy Business & lay but a short time in Port which at all times is of great consequence to lay but short time in Port – as it will be curtailing many expenses both for Owners & Masters – Should Capt Taber be there thee will advise with him respecting any freights that may offer for him at London – Unless there should be a very favourable frt – I should prefer thy returning direct to this Port – It will be of much consequence for thee to make a short Voyage on Acct of the warm weather season so fast approaching – what Staves thee has on board thee will deliver to William Effingham Laurence for Acct of the Brigt

104

as London is one of the most expensive Ports in all Eurpoe I wish for thy unremitted attention to the Brigs Expenses  - as they will be very high at best – If it is more convenient  when thee returns on the Cost – thee may stop at New Bedford with the Brigt – In case of any accident thee will be very Particular in thy Protest – at all times to wright by any conveyance – I shall allow thee the same perquesites as other Masters has in my employ

I am &

 

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                            New York 3 mo 14 1807

            London

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 17th of last Month at Charleston since which I have thine of the 2nd of the Month mentioning thy Commencing loading for London – expecting thy having left that place by this – I now write thee by Capt Braley of the Robert Barclay at London which Port he is now ready to sail for – should this reach thee before  thee has put thy business out of thy hands – I wish thee to

105

address the Ship to William Effingham Laurence of London – who will I have no doubt give thee every assistance in his Power – I am in hopes thee will be able to obtain a handsom return frt to some Port in America New York would be prefered – I wish thee to render Capt Braley what assistance thee may find he stands in need off – as the Brig is a Vessell that will ^not ^ be likely to command much frt I thank it will be best for her to return back with all dispatch possible –

I am &

 

To Richard Kavenaugh                         3 mo 26 1807

            Dublin

 

                                    Thy several esteemed favr of the 28 of 10 Mo 5 of 11 Mo & 6 & 12 of 12 Mo 1806 – are duly recd – the latter annexing the Robert Barclays Disburst & A/C Balance paid Cap Braley which is Credited & to my satisfaction – excepting thy charging a Coms on the Amot of Remitance to Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool say £660 Irish at 2 ½ pCt making £16.10 Irish Sterling – which I presume thee will find on enquring not to be a

106

customary Charge – as I have in no one Instrance paid a Coms on Amot of Remitance when there has been a Coms charged on Amot of Freight – I presume on a moments reflection thee will se the impropriety of the charge &  will make a remitance to my friends Cropper Benson & Co of the above Amot to my Ct with them – In no case – when I address my Vessells to Merchants in Europe or America to collect their freights & remit the same to other Houses – do they charge me more than One Coms for transacting the whole bussiness of receiving & remiting agreeable to my directions – Therefore I hope I need say no more on the subject but to crave thy attention their too & then I have no doubt but the Remitances will be readily made – Capt Braley had a very unpleasant & long Passage home – he sail’d again on the 15th Inst for London –

I am &

107

 

To Lachy & Mark                                                        3 mo 26 1807

            Cork

 

                                                Your esteemed favr of the 10 of 7 Mo & 19 of 11 Mo 1806 – are duly recd – the latter inclosing A/S of Staves & Boards for the George - & likewise her Acct of Disbursements & A/C Balanced by several remitances to my friends Cropper Benson& Co Liverpool – all of which are correct & fully to my satisfaction – my Accts are settled accordingly – I should like frequently to make shipments to Cork provided it could be done with proffit – With respect to the information requested respecting Capt Geroge Braley’s – I must say I know not in fact myself much about him – having lately commenced business in my employ of course not sufficient time elapsed to have a Correct & satisfactory opinion of his habits & qualifications – as on them principally depends his intrinsic Virtue – not having much property to Rely on – but sufficient provided he should do what he aught to do & what other Men are now doing in the same Vocations – In short I must acknowledge

108

that even if I had a therough knowledge of Capt Braley’s real Character & that it was known to be absolutely what it aught to be – yet I should in that case feel extreem ill-easy in in giving any influence or advise favourable to a Connection – because of the relative situation of the parties as to distance – but would have them for there Considerations to act their own pleasure & will respecting it.

 

            Capt Braley’s Connections are Plain friendly Farmers & I presume are not in affluent circumstances alto I know but little respecting them – You mentioned that Thomas Hazard was written to on the subject  - he is a Gentleman of high respectability in whose recommendation on the subject & to whom I would direct your attention – I am &

 

Thy letter making the enquirery respecting Capt -- I have recd – such information was very unexpected & as much so as it is singular – Generally speaking it must

109

be Candedly confess’d – such sudden Contracts are unnatural & injudicious – rendered more so in this instance from the relative situations of the parties – as to distance etc – yet it has several times happened - & even with person in our own town who as Commanders while in Ireland & tho’ Short in their acquaintance – have married & done well – two instances are conspicuous – At first the fears exerted with their friends as really should exist in such sudden undertakings – but time has proved auspicious to those – It is natural also on your part side to have the same fears & wish to pursue  the old Rule, “lay Violent hands on no man” – With respect to the person in question – I know not in fact much myself much about him – having lately commenced business in my employ – of course not sufficient time elapsed to have a Correct & satisfactory opinion of his habits & qualifications – as on them principally depends his intrinsic Virtue – not having much property to rely on & which will be abundantly sufficient provided he

110

should do what he aught to do & what other men are now doing in the same Vocations – Thomas Hazard was also writen to on the subject he is a gentleman of high respectability & in whose recommendation on this subject would naturally have its due weight - & to whom I would direct thy attention – I short I must acknowledge that even if I had a thorough knowledge of Capt – real Character that it was known to be absolutely what it aught to be – yet I should in that case feel extreem delicacy in giving any influance or advice favourable to a Connection – because from the newness & novelty of such procedures in a cocern which aught to be entered into from the most solem & sober Convictions of its truth & propriety but would rather for there considerations have them to act their own pleasure –

I am &

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To Harvey Deaves & Harvey                                        3 mo 27 1807

 

                                    Your estemed favour of the 31 of 7 Mo & 15 of 10 Month last year – have been duly recd the former annexing Copy of W Parkers letter to you respecting information relative to Capt Geroge Braley – I should have given you a reply long before this – as I had no expectation of Capt Braley’s returning to Ireland previous to his coming to America – Which hope will be sufficient for my delay – I must refer your friend W Parker to Lachy & Mark for Information on my sentiments respecting Capt Braley - The Brig George was addressed by my friends at New York to Lachy & Mark unbeknown to me at the time – I shall look into the propriety of the Charge – which hope they will satesfy me when I have an opportunity of seeing them Personally –

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                              3 mo 27 1807

 

                                    Thy estemed favr of the 7 Inst is duly recd & note its Contents – for thy attention in writing Capt Taber

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please accept my thanks – I am daily expecting a Brig of 172 Tons Burthen & have some intentions of loading her with Staves – provided I could obtain them at a price that would answer & of such a quality as would do at the Irish Market – Please give me thy opinion respecting Staves at your market – as to price & quality – the Robert Barlay sails on the 13th Inst for London – she will I expect return direct back – I intend sending her to Norfolk – if I could have sufficient encouragement from thee – when she returns – which I expect will be in all July – If agreeable I should like to have the prospects of frtt during the Spring & Summer –

I am &

 

To Arnold Wells Esqr                           4 mo 11 1807

 

                                                Shall I take the liberty to request your terms of Insurance on the Brig George at  & from Stigo (Ireland) to Alicant at & from thence back to a port in Ireland which is expected to be Stigo – She goes in Balast to Alicant – the Brig is undoubtedly a good Vessell- I shall likewise be obliged by your terms of Insurance one Vessel & frt from New York direct to London –

I am &

 


To Cropper Benson & Co (Copy forwarded)                           4 mo 13 1807

 

                                    Since writing you on the 4th Ulto I have your esteemed favours of 1 mo 10 & 2 mo 24 & note their Contents – I am not a little surprised to find Capt George Braley had not made you a remittance of at least £500 - & not less so to find he had engauged in another Voyage to Alicant – Capt Braleys return to America aught to have been along time since – I shall be greatly obliged by your informing Capt B that it is my request that he return direct to this place with the Brig without delay Should he be within reach of a letter from you - & likewise to forward him the inclosed letter – I must say it to you (but wish it to go no further) that Capt Braleys conduct since he left American in the George has been quite unsatisfactory to me - & that I do not feel myself safe in his staying any longer in Europe with the Brig under his direction & Control – As I find I am fully satisfyed that his stay in europe is entirely in consequence of his intention of forming a connection with a young lady in Cork – Therefore put full power & authority

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in your hands to control the Brig as requested – so as you may think proper & likewise to call Capt Braley to Acct for the conveying of said Brig George if you should find it necessary for the safety of her Owners – I leave it discretionarily with you to act as information may dictate – I find by Lloyds list that the Ann Alexander Capt Snow was taken off the Rock of Lisbon by a Spanish Privateer but have not learnt where she was carried in – of course do not as yet know her fate – as that will very much (in my opinion) depend upon the place she is carried into – I shall be obliged by your giving Capt Snow such advice as you may think most to the Interest of his Owners – I case of condemnation I should like the Ship to be purchased provided it could be done at her Value which you will please to communicate to Cap Snow – should Capt Braley meet with the like fate your will ↑also↓ have the goodness to communicate the like information to him  excepting I would limit the Value of the George to $6000 - & if they should not be able to draw on me here for what funds they may stand in need of – you will be so obliging as to give them liberty to draw on you to a reasonable Amot for which I will see you reimbursed – If Capt Snow should get his ship clear & not his cargo & should be pre-

115

vented from finishing his Voyage. I wish him to return to this Port – as likewise Capt George Braley in the George – The Brig Robert Barclay Capt Stephen Braley sail’d from New York on the 15th Ulto & the new Ship Elizabeth Capt Jacob Taber from Charlestown on the 17th Ulto Both from London to William Effingham Laurence – any Communications respecting them will be thankfully received –

I am &

 

To Post & Russell                                             4 mo 14, 1807

 

                                    Your favour of the 26th Ulto & 1st Inst is duly [?] & fully note their Contents – I now advise you of my Draft on the Old firm in favr William Rotch Jr for $1827 at thirty Day from the 1st Inst – which you will please honour – I see by Lloyds List that the Ann Alexander is taken off the Rock of Lisbon by a Spanish Privateer – The Brig George has engauged another Charter for Sligo to Alicant & Back – will you be so obliging as to let me know what Insurance may be in effect at New York against all Risks – I expect she goes in Balast to Alicant – tis likely she she will clear for Alicant for Tonninger as before – an early reply will much oblige me – Inclosed I hand you James Coggershalls Draft on Hicks Jenkens & Co for One Thousand Dollars payable

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on the 19th Inst which you will please Collect & place to my Cr - on Acct of which I have this day drawn on you in favr John Perkins for five hundred Dollars at five Days from Date – which you will please honour likewise – I am in hopes you will be able to make sale of the Soap & Candles ere long – will you be so good as to inform me of the Amot of B Howlands two Drafts which he drew on you last 9 or 10 Mo in favr James Howland this Amot was near $ 71-87 – you will please forward the Inclosed letter to Cropper Benson & Co

I am &

 

To Arnold Welles Es                                        4 mo 16 1807

 

                                    Thine of yesterday is to hand & Note the rate of premium on the George generally speaking – I have this day recd a letter from Capt George Braley of the Brig George dated at Stigo the 25th of March – saying he was ready to embarce the first wind for Alicant – from which place he expects to return to [?Nwrg] or Belfast – if he should be able to obtain a frt for either of those ports – if not he would return to America with a load of Salt –

 

            At a Premium not exceeding 7 ½ pCt I should wish to

117

have $2000 for myself & $1500 for John A Parker – on the Brig George George Braley Master at & from Stigo to Alicant & back to a Port in Irland or Back to her port of Discharge in the United States – Vessell valued at $6500 – the Brig I expect goes to Ireland Alicant in Balast as Capt Braley says nothing of having any Cargo onboard –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             4 mo 16 1807

 

                                    I have this day recd yours of the 10th of the 3rd Month – advising of the rect of £ 445 from Capt Braley which is better than what I had anticipated – Capt Braley mentions to me his intensions of returning from Alicant to this Port with Salt – should he not succeed in geting a frt for Ireland should he return to Ireland you will have the goodness to direct him to this Port – without being long detained in Ireland -

I am &

 

To Arnold Welles Es                                        4 mo 20 1807

 

                                    Thine of this Day inclosing Pollcy on Brig George is to hand – Inclosed I hand thee my Note for Premium on the Same –

I am &

118

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            4 mo 28 1807

 

                                    I am favoured with yours of the 11 & 18th Inst & Note their Contents – in the former you mention the 2nd Officer of the Ann Alexander was in New York - & that he had promised to call on you to give you some particulars respecting the Capture of said Ship – you must judge of my response when I recd the latter & no mention made of the Ann Alexander – which Letter I very anxitiously wated the receipt of to find the particulars Capt Braleys undertaking another Voyage to Alicant was very surprising to me – I had writen previously to the recept of yours to Cropper Benson & Co to Order the Brig to this Port & likewise gave them full power to controll the Brig – I am much pleased to find you have made a Sale of the Soap & do wish you to make the best of the Candles & to sell them at the best rate you can – not making too much sacrafice – I have got the George Insured in Boston at 7 1/2 pCt a Clear Policy – which is low –

I am &

119

 

To Cropper Benson & Co   Copy forwarded                            5 mo 15 1807

 

                                    Since writing you on the 13 & 16 of last month – I am without any of your esteemed favours – This is to advise you of my having this day drawn on you in favour of my friends Post & Grinnell for Three hundred Pounds Sterling – which you will please honour when it appears & place the same to Acct of – & -

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            5 mo 15 1807

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you my sett of Exchange of Cropper Benson & Co for £300 Stg – which you will have the goodness to dispose of – if it can be done at or not more than 2 pCt Discount - & place the same to my Credit – if you should be able to dispose of the Bills at my limits you will if convennient forward me a Draft on Boston for 5 or $600 at a short sight & if it can be done had at Par or under – should you not sell the Bills you will only forward the letter to Cropper Benson & Co that is marked on the Back forward –

I am &

120

 

To John Howland                                                         5 mo 28 1807

            Boston

 

                                                I now take the liberty of enclosing thee a Draft on Bost Gardner & Downes for Five Hundred Dolls at Ten Days Sight – which I shall be much obliged by thy presenting for acceptance – should thee leave Boston before the experiation of the Credit – Thee will be so obliging as to lodge it at the Bank for Collection & placed to my Ct – or if convenient & practicable I should prefer thy negotiating [?] with the Broker – who will probably give a premium for the Dft – to pay in out of Town money – by allowing a discount for the time the Dft is becoming due –

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            5 mo 30 1807

 

                                    Your returned favour of the 25th Inst enclosing a Draft on Boston for $500 & likewise an Interest Acct with the Ann Alexander is duly recd – I now enclose you back the Interest Acct with the Ann Alexander as I find a very material error in it – for which I refer you to my Note in

121

the Acct – the final balance you will have the goodness to pay to my Ct as it is quite uncertain when the Ann Alexander returns as Capt Snow writes from Leghorn that he had expectations of compromising with the Charters & ending his Voyage at Leghorn – if he should accomplish it he should take a Charter to go to Alexandria & Island of Cyprus & back to Leghorn – he likewise gives me the particulars of his Voyage from St. Ives to Leghorn – which place he left on the 26th of Decmbr – on the 8 of Jany he was captured by a Spanish Privateer – who took out his 2d Mate & people man’d her & ordered her Vigo [Spain] – the next day he was recaptured by an English Man of War Schooner who took out all the Spanyards & put onboard at Prize Master & Nine men & Ordered her for Gibralter – on the 16th of Jany in the Gut of Gibralter was recaptured again by a Spanish Privateer & carried into Algiers– was cleared without expense & went to Sea again on the 17th of Jany

 

 

[Editor’s note:  A print showing the Ann Alexander of New Bedford, Loum Snow, Coming into Leghorn, April 1807 is in the Museum Collection Archives. Number: 2001.100.7949. There is also a painting of the ship 1978.24.1]

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previous to his geting into Algiers he entered the Prize Master & men as his Crew & proceeded to Leghorn with them which prevented the Spanyards from knowing that she had be previously in the hands of either the Spanish or English – I think Capt Snow has wonderfully escaped – Please send me by the first Packet Ten Bls Sfine Flour & place the same to my Acct

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co    Copy forwarded        6 mo 6 1807

 

                                    Since writing you on the 15th of last month I am in possesion of your esteemed favour of the 11of 4 Mo – inclosing Brig George’s & my own Acct Currents final Balance £1740.11.6 in my favour – which are correct & are entered accordingly – I now have to advise of my having drawn on you this Day in favr of my friends Post & Grinnell for £450 – which you I beg the favour of your honouring when it appears & placing the same to my Acct

I am &

123

 

Post & Grinnell                                     6 mo 6 1807

 

                                    I wrote you on the 30th Ulto - since which I have none of your favour to reply too – Inclosed I hand you my sett of Exchange for £450 Stg drawn in your favour – which you will please dispose of & place the Amot to my Acct – provided it can be done at a discount not exceeding 2 pCt – I likewise inclose letter of advise which you will please forward when the Bills are disposed off – should you be able to dispose of the inclosed Bills at my limits – I shall be obliged by your forwarding me a Drft on Boston for $1500 at as short a sight as you can conveniently obtain one – I mentioned in a former letter that I wished the Ann Alexander’s Candles sold – if it could be done without too great a sacrifice – which hope you have been able to effect – when effected you will please forward me the A/Sales as likewise my A/Current –

I am &

124

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            New 6 mo 6 1807

 

                                    Yours of the 8th Inst annexing Invoice of the 10 Bl Flour Amog to $72.35 & inclosing Interest Acct with the Ann Alexander which are correct & shall be entered accordingly – I have this day recd letters from Cap Taber of the Elizabeth & Cap Stephen Braley of the Robert Barclay – both at London expecting to sail from that place between the 3rd & 13th of 5 Mo – I now daily expect them – should either or both of them arrive at New York you will do the needful by accepting the Best business that may offer agreeable to your Judgment Please advise me respecting the Course of Exchange & like-

wise Business –

I am &

 

To Cap Jacob Taber                            6 mo 16 1807

 

                                    I have by the arrival of Cap Allen this Day recd thy favr of the 25 of April at London I was much pleased to find thee had so good a passsage out to London – As it is geting late in the season for Business

125

it calls for exertions for dispatch – we have concluded on thy proceeding direct to Norfolk or City Point – with the Ship & there endeavour to obtain a Tobacco frt for some Port in Europe a direct port would be much prefered as it will admit of greater dispatch than being obliged to call for Orders – I think it will be well to stop at the Hampton Roads & go to Norfolk & Call on Robert Blow to see if a ready frt might be obtained there on as good terms as going up to City Point if not then thee will proceed up to City Point & there call on Bachanan & Pollock to provide the a frt of Tobacco etc for some port in Europe – should thee be able to obtain  a frt of Tobacco – thee will get what Staves to stow with the Cargo that is necessary on owners acct unless they can be obtained at a handsome frt – I wish thee to write me by the Bearer that I may be able to calculate on thy arrival at Norfolk at which place or at City Point I shall write the more particularly – It will be

126

well to ship as many of thy Crew to go another voyage as thee can & it will be necessary to take some precaution respecting their wages – possibly thee may ship them for another Voyage before they get up the River & know the Wages going – I wish thee to do the best thee can with them – Jonathan Howland is willing David should go again if he is willing – I hope thee has kep them well paid up so as not to have much to pay them on their discharge – I wish thee to inform me from Norfolk or City Point whether thee could do better to have the money remitted thee at one of these places to pay thy expenses than to draw on Post & Grinnell for it at New York – Should thee have afavourable wind on thy arrival within the Capes to proceed immediately up the River – the may embrace it should thee think it best –

127

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            6 mo 23 1807

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of 17 & 19 Inst are recd – the former annexing a Draft on Boston for $1500 which is to your Ct – I am pleased to find you have sold the Candles Altho- at a very reduced price – should you recd any shipment of Brandy etc from John L.Brown & Co you will use your judgment in making sale of the same – Inclosed I hand you a Sett of Exchange on Effingham Laurence & Son for £500 which you will please dispose of provided it can be done on as good terms as the last say par at 60 Days – you will be very careful in selling to good men - & place the Amot to my Crt

I am &

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son   (Copy forwarded) 6 mo 23 1807

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 25th of April & the 1 & 11 Inst are duly recd – the latter inclosing the Robert Barclays A/S & A/C balanced by a transfer to my Acct of £860.11.1 which is correct & fully to my satisfaction – on acct of which – I have this day drawn in favr of our mutual friends Post & Grinnell

128

for Three Hundred Pounds – which you will have the goodness to honour when it appears – the Robert Barclay has not yet arrived but soon expect her –

I am &

 

To Stephen Braley                                6 mo 25th 1807

 

                                    I have this moment recd thy Letter of 20 Inst & am much disappointed thee did not stop at New Bedford – as thee mentioned thee should in thy Letter of 4 Mo 30 & I had calclulated accordingly – All I have to say to thee now is I wish as little done to the Brigt as possible to make her fit for another Voyage – I don’t expect she wants any carpenters work done – I shall calculate to see thee at New York as soon as I can get there – should there no business offer for the Brig by the time she is ready – I wish thee to proceed direct to Norfolk with the Brig – or City Point call on Bachanan & Pollok at Petersburg should thee go to the latter place for frt – I wish every dispatch used that is consistent with prudence & economy – I shall write thee more full by the next –

I am &

129

 

To Post & Grinnell                                7 mo 25 1807

 

                        I have this moment recd your of the 20 Inst advising of the arrival of the Robert Barclay I have writen Capt Braley to have the Brig put in order frt for another Voyage & should none offer by her being ready I wish him to proceed direct to Norfolk or City Point with the Brig frts being good & plenty there – It will not be necessary to heave the Brig out –

I am &

 

To Arnold Welles Esqr                          7 mo 13 1807

 

                        I have this day recd thee two Policys by Thomas Hazard Jr & I herewith hand thee the Notes for Premium on the same –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 7 mo 21 1807

 

                        Your esteemed favour of 4 mo 28 & 5 mo 15 are duly recd – the former advising of the Capture

130

of the Ann Alexander – I have acct of her being spoken on the 24 of 5 Month at the mouth of the Irish Channel hope she has been favourd to arrive safe-

 

                                    Capt Taber of the Ship Elizabeth left a Balance with Thomas Dickason & Co of London to be remitted to you for my acct – about Eleven hundred Pounds – which has no doubt been recd ere this – On Acct of which I shall be obliged by your accepting Post & Grinnells Drfts to the Amot of One Thousand Pounds –

I am &

 

To Effingham Lawrence & Sons                                    7 mo 21 1807

 

                        Since writing you on the 27 Ulto – I am without any of your esteemed favours – I have to advise you of my Dfts on the 8th Inst for £108.2.5 & on the 11th Inst for £450 both in favour of our mutual Friends Post & Grinnell – which I shall be obliged by your giving due honour –

I am &

131

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            8 mo 3 1807

 

                                    Yours of the 21 & 29 Ulto are duly to hand – the Premium for Insurance on the Ann Alexander & George would be acceptable – but cannot as yet decide whether to have any Insurance effected – as I have no further information than that the Ann Alexander was detained at Plymouth on the 29th of May bound for London & the George was ready to sail from Alicant for Dublin on the 29th of April – as soon as I hear of their arrival at their destine Ports I shall wish for Insurance – I hope you have by  this been able to dispose of the Exchange agreeable to our expectations – I find an error in your Interest Acct Rendered – in Cr Interest on $2666.66 for 6 – 27 Days you Cr $13.97 instead of $109- 33 & likewise you Cr but 2 Days of Int – say $53.58 instead of 4 mo 2 Days on $4444.44 it being £1000 sold at Par – say $105.42 making a difference of $147.20 which if on examination it is found wright you will please Cr my Acct with the Amot – I have pretty much concluded to send the Robert Barclay to Norfolk

132

what could I get her Insured at in New York say from there to Norfolk from there to a port in England & back to her Port of discharge in America – As I can get no Insurance effected here it places me under the necessity of troubling my frds abroad to acquaint me what I can effect Insurance with them for please write me as it will or will be uncertain to what Port the Brig may go in Europe – it will be more difficult to assertain the exact Premiums as if the Ports were all Pointed out

I am &

 

Post & Grinnell                                     8 mo 13 1807

 

                        I have this evening recd advises of the arrival of the Ann Alexander at London & the George at Dublin Capt Snow of the Ann Alexander expected to return to New York – I shall be obliged by your advising him or directing him for Sandy Hook to return to this Port with the ship – provided he has no Cargo for New York – the George will likewise return to New York if she gets any frt or Passingers – you will please to the needful

133

with her - & when discharged you will please send her home it would be best not to discharge her Crew – as it would not be necessary for her to detain her many days at New York –

I am &

 

To Arnold Welles Esqr                          8 mo 13 1807

 

                                    I have this evening recd advice of the arrival of the George at Dublin – what would be terms for Insurance of the Ann Alexander at & from London to her Port of Discharge in the United States – she was left in June to Sail 10 Days for NewYork – an early reply will much oblige they frd

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            8 mo 19 1807

 

                        Your exteemd favr of 10.11 & 15 Inst are duly recd & fully note their Contents – the Premium on the Robert Barclay is quite too high & have now concluded to let her lay until fall the In [?Insurance] A/C is now Correct as likewise the Robert Barclays both of which will be placed to your A/C – I have concluded to have

134

$3500 Insurance effected on the Ann Alexander at & from London to her Port of discharge in the United States – provided it can be done at the rate you mentioned – with a Clear Policy & at an Office that will be unquestionably safe – I shall be Obliged by your sending me in the course of this month $4000 in Drfts on Boston & in Boston Money – should you send it by the Packet you will please inclose it to me by some safe Passinger or otherwise by the Capt not exacting any [?r] from them as that will subject me to a Coms – I would send you more Exchange should you be be able  to sell at 2 or 2 ½ pCt dist – Will you be so good as to send me half a Bl Oyster Crackers by the return Packet –

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            8 mo 23 1807

 

                        Yours of the 18th Inst is to hand this morning & am pleased to find the Brandy had arrived – hope you will be able to make an advantageous sale of it – Above I hand you Jonathan Howlands Drft on you for $100 which you will please place to my Ct

I am &

135

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            9 mo 3 1807

 

                                                Yours of the 25th Ulto is duly to hand & have recd the 2000¢ from Capt Leslie & likewise the Crackers & Brandy I have not yet recd the Drfts on Boston for $2000 – but expect to the next Mail – I wish you to give me an acct of what money you have drawn on acct of the $1000 – the Brig George arrived here last evening in 49 Days from Dublin in Balast & 8 Passingers I wish you to send me $1000 in Drfts on Boston or United States Money – as having the Ship & Brig Crews to pay off makes money rare with me –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co         Copy forwarded           9 mo 3 1807

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 6 & 25 of 6 Month are duly to hand & fully note their Contents – I now have the pleasure to acquaint you of the safe arrival at this Port – the Ann Alexander [Capt] Snow & the George [Capt] Braley – Capt Braleys Drft on you for Alicant for  £51.7.11 is to your Ct – I shall be obliged by your honouring my Drft in favr William S Wall for £100 drawn on the 22nd Ulto -

I am &

136

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            9 mo 10 1807

 

                                    Yours of the 28th Ulto inclosing $2463.74 in 3 Drfts on Boston Came duly to hand & the Amot to your Ct – I wish you not to sell the Brandy unless at a fair price & a moderate Credit – what could you draw the Balance of the £1000 at with the addition of £150 more as that will make up the Amot of the Elizabeths remitance – I should be glad to draw for it – Please send me One Thousand Dlls more in the course of 2 weeks as most convenient to you in Boston Money or Drfts on Boston – Drfts at 10 or 15 Days will answer

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            9 mo 16 1807

 

                                    Your favr of 10 & 16th Inst are duly recd with the $1000 in United States Bank Note & likewise the Drft on Boston at 20 Days for $800 both of which amots are to your Ct – you will please forward A/Sales of the Brandy as soon as convenient –

I am &

137

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            10 mo 5 1807

 

                                    I am in possession of your esteemed favour of 7 mo 17 advising the rect of £1155 7 8 from Thomas Dickason & Co London likewise £650 for Capt Braley at Dublin- which sums are placed to your Debit – I now have to advise of having this Day drawn on you in favr of John A Parker for £150 – which you will have the goodness to honour – I shall be obliged by your acceptance of Post & Grinnell Drfts on my Acct for £200 in addition to the £1000 requested in mine of 7 mo 21 last –

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            10 mo 5 1807

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 25th Ulto by mail is duly recd & am much obliged for information therein Communicated having occasion this day to Write Cropper Benson & Co – I have requested them to accept your Drf for £200 in addition to the £1000 Which I wish you to draw for when it can be done at not exceeding 2 pCt Dist [? Cashe] Please send me five hundred Dlls in Boston Notes or Drfts

I am &

138

 

To Post & Grinnell                                                        10 mo 14 1807

 

                                    Yours of the 29th Ulto inclosing A/Sales of Brandy is duly recd – which appears to be correct excepting an allowance of Interest on the Amot of duties which you will please rectify – you will have the goodness to pay John Gelston $73 44 & take up Capt Braleys rect & charge the Amot to my Acct – the 18.52 ch’d to my Acct by the request of Capt Snow is correct – if you have any acct with the Ann Alexander please settle it by my acct & give me the Amot & when the money is collected from the Passingers of the Ann Alexander you may place it direct to my Acct – advising the Amot

I am &

 

 

To Effm Laurence & Son                                  10 mo 17 1807

 

                                    Your Several Esteemed favours of June 10th/16th & 27th July 4th .11th & August 22nd are duly recd & fully note their Contents, the latter inclosing Your A/C with the Ann Alexander which is correct & my account shall be settled accordingly

139

 

To Post & Grinnell                                                        10 mo 22 1807

 

                        Your favr of the 13th Inst by Mail is duly recd – the business respect  H H is as I expected – the Fame arrived yesterday but would not find as their was any money sent by her for me – which was a disappointment – I wish you to send me One Thousand Dollars more of the same kind – Please forward the inclosed letter by diff conveyance –

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                              10 mo 22 1807

 

                                    I have in this Port 4 Vessels from 170 to 300 Tons Burthen which I shall wish to procure frts for this fall should our differences with England be settled please give me the Prospects of Business with you for Vessells as likewise the price of good Staves suitable for the Irish market & whether if I should send a Vessell to Norfolk to load with Staves it would make any difference with thee to have the money paid thee at Norfolk or New York –

I am &

140

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                                    10 mo 23 1807

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of 8 mo 28 & 4 Ulto is duly recd – the former advising the receipt of £707.37 for Effingham Laurence & Son for Acct of the Ann Alexander – & by the latter of receiving from the Underwriter £86.4.8 on Acct of a general average on said Ship - both of which Sums are placed to you Debit – You will have the goodness to Honour my Drfts in Favr of Post & Grinnell of this Date for Five hundred Pounds & place the same to my Acct

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                                        10 mo 23 1807

 

                        Inclosed I hand you a Sett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co for Five hundred Pounds which you will please dispose of when it can be done for Cash at Par - & place the Amot to my Ct – please forward the inclosed letters when the Exchange is sold –

I am &

141

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son                                      [?] 10 mo 22 1807

 

                                    Your several esteemed favours of the 10.16 & 27 June 4 & 11 July & 22 August are duly recd & fully Note their Contents – the latter enclosing your A/Cur with the Ann Alexander Balanced by Cropper Benson & Co Drft on you for £717.3.7 which I know not but is correct – altho Capt Snow says he expected from the Conversation he hade with you that as B Smith had done some part of the Ships Business & had charged £23.16 9 Coms that that sum would be allowed from your Coms by you If so I have no doubt the circumstance had passed your memory & that you will rectify the same, as it would be hard for the Owners to have to pay two Coms for Transacting the same Businiess – should any further sum be collected on Acct of the Ann Alexander you will please remit that with the balance of my acct to Cropper Benson & Co as the sum will be too small to be worth drawing for – I was disappointed to find Capt Snow had directed the balance of the Ann Alexander Acct to be remitted Cropper Benson & Co  - as it was without my direction to him – I wish you would in future note all balances of my concern subject to my Advising

I am &

142

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         11 mo 13 1807

 

                                    I wrote you on the 23rd Ulto – since which I am without any of your esteemed favours – This is merely to advise of my having this day drawn on you in favr of Thatcher & Bryant for Five hundred Pounds Stg which you will please to honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                                                    11 mo 12 1807

 

                                    Your favr of the 17 . 24 & 30 Ulto has been duly recd with their Contents of fifteen hundred Dollars which is to your Credit the information respecting __________ [blank] shall be used with discretion – you mention that the Ann Alexander Acct is closed with you – was their nothing paid to the Pilot who gave the information to Capt Snow at the hook to proceed for this Port –

143

 

To Post & Grinnell                                                        1 mo 30 1808

 

                                    Your esteemed favours of the 9th & 13th Inst is duly recd – the latter inclosing your A/C Balance in my favr with $4293.85 which is correct excepting a charge of $13.76 for a Ledger etc which was charged in a former A/C you will please Ct the Amot & the Balance then will be $4307.61 without Interest- you will have the goodness to forward me J Telleys bill against Ship Ann Alexander Amog to 98.40 – I wish you not to  send me the Flour requested in mine of the 5th Inst – Please forward the Interest A/C as soon as convenient.

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             2 mo 17 1808

 

                        I am duly favoured with yours of the 27th of 11 Mo & 12th of 12 Month last – & Note their Contents – You will have the goodness to accept my Draft of this Date in favour of  Post & Grinnell for One hundred & fifty Pounds & place the same to my [?A]  - I have directed a small Balance for Effingham Laurence & Son to be placed to my Cr with you after the receipt of which you will please ^Transfer the^ Balance of my Acct to my Acct of my Father in Law John Howland Senr  - which will be agreeable to him –

I am &

144

 

To Thomas Dickason & Co                                                       10 mo 15 1807

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 23rd of 5 Month & 4 of 7 Month last are duly recd & Note their Contents the latter inclosing A/Current & A/Sales with Ship Elizabeth Balanced by a remittance to Cropper Benson & Co of Eleven hundred & fifty five Pounds 7/8 which is Correct & fully to my satisfaction

I am &

 

To Charles Fawsett & Co                                             2 mo 17 1808

 

                                    Your several esteemd favours of the 6th of Decmr 1806 – 6th March & 20th Oct 1807 have been duly recd I was very sorry to find the Brig Robert Barclay Capt Braley did not go to your address – as my letters to Capt Braley directed him so to do but they were too late – Richard Kavernaugh undertook his business which was much against the Interest of the Owners – not only in transacting the Brigs Business – but he has very improperly Chd a double Coms on on the Remitance of  £660 Irish – [?] a Comsor collecting & a com’on remitting ^that amot^ say 2 ½  pCt on each Coms making an over charge of £16.10 Irish Stg  - which I shall be much Obliged by your stating

145

the impropriety of the Charge ^to him^ receive the same from him & remit it to my friends ↑ Cr with ↓ Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool to my Cr after deducting your expenses their from – Inclosed I hand you a Copy of ↑ my ↓ letter which I wrote him on the 26th of 3 Month 1807 wh but have not as yet recd any reply – by which you will see perhaps more clearly the state of the Business - 

I am &

 

To Richard Kavernaugh                                                2 mo 7 1808

 

                                                Since writing the foregoing I am without any of thy favour – I shall be much obliged by thy settleing the above error £16.10 with Charles Fawsett & Co if not previously settled with Cropper Benson & Co   -

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            2 mo 12 1808

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 11th Inst is duly recd & I Note the Contents – I drew on you the 20th Ulto for Five hundred Dollars in favr of John Pickens at 30 Days which I omitted advising you & which you will be good enough to honour – I have this day drawn another Bill in favr John Howlard Jr for Two Hundred & fifty Dollars which you will

146

likewise honour when it appears & place to my Acct – Inclosed I hand you a Sett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co in your favr for £150 Stg which you will please dispose of & place the Amot to my Ct – You will please forward the inclosed letters by different conveyances –

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            3 mo 24 1808

 

                                    I had $1500 of Insurance effected at Boston last Summer on property that had or should be Ship’d from Bordeaux previous to the 4th of 10th Month last – as their has but 11 Pipes of Brandy been recd which is likely was all that was ship’d previous to that date – I shall be much obliged by writing John L Brown & Co Bordeaux requesting them to state what was ship’d at that date – that I may be able to obtain the Return Premium – & likewise please write them respecting remaining Balance which they must have obtained long before this & what steps to take with it that it may be recd – You will please honour my Draft in favr John Howland Jr at 80 Days date from the 10th Inst for $600 –

I am &

147

 

To John G Ladd                                                           11 mo 16 1808

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 14th Inst to which I now refer – I find by advices that Flour is down to 4/75 with you – should that be the case, I wish thee would purchase for my acct 200 bls – provided it can be purchased at the above price or even $5 per bl – if in thy opinion it will not be lower in the course of a few weeks – I shall make provision of thee to draw on Philadelphia for the Amot by next mail – I wish the Flour purchased in such a manner, as that thee may have the liberty of selecting such as will suit – it must be of the best kind to meet this market – when I send for it I shall endeavour to send a man that I can confide in to pick the Flour – If Flour (on the receipt of this) should still be declining in price, thee will please delay purchasing, as I am not in

hast –

I am &

 

To Effingham Lawrence & Son                         6 mo 20 1808

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 26th Novr & 22 Decr 1807 have been duly recd & fully Note their contents – the former inclosing Copy of Cap Snows Protest – the latter covering your Acct/C done by Cropper Benson & Co Drft  for £58.7.2 which is correct as the acct is stated – In my stating to you Cap Snows communication to me, respecting Smiths bill of [?C] I did not mean, nor ever wish, if it did not fully correspond with your Ideas on the subject, to have any alterations as to your charge or allowance for your customary Coms - hoping soon to have a renewal of our Commercial Intercourse & our commerce restored to its wanted activity –

I am &

148

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         10 mo 20 1808

 

                        I have recd Your esteemd favr of the 3 mo 30 inclosing your A/C Balance with a Balance of £185.8.6 in my favour- which is Correct – & likewise yours of the 28th of 5 month has been duly recd advising of having paid my Drft for £150 from the above Balance leaving a Balance of  £35.8.6 which has been placed to the Credit of John Howland [?] & all of which is correct & my Acct with your stands balance accordingly – Hoping soon to have a renewal of our Commertial intercourse & our Commerce restored to its wanted activity –

I am &

 

To William Brown & Co (Richmond Virginia)    11 mo 18 1808

 

                                    I have your A[?Alexander] Sharps esteemed favour of the 14th Inst (dated at New York) & fully note its contents – I reply must beg leave to decline your offer of frt for the Brig George, as our accts from Washington very much discourage the loading of Vessells to wate the removal of the Embargo- I mentioned to our friend John A Parker that if I could be indemnify’d  in the expenses provided the Vessell should not proceed to her intended port with her Cargo- I should be willing to accept the terms which you have now offered – your offering to pay only the expense of discharging the Cargo provided she should have loaded is but a small proportion of the whole expense which

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will necessarily occur – I have 4 Vessells here which has & still is intended for the frt business one of 305, one of 218, one of 211 & one of 172 Tons, either of which if not previously employed will be ready to accept your business provided it is as good as from else where – they are all good Vessells as any belonging to this Port – shall at all times be thankfull to receive any offers of business for the above Vessells when times are such as they can be employed –

I am &

 

To John G Ladd                                               11 mo 20 1808

 

                                    I wrote thee on the 16th requesting of thee to purchase me 200 lbs Sfine Flour & that I should make provision for the Amot of the same in Philadelphia – should thee purchase the flour thee will please draw on C Hathaway of Philadelphia or Post & Grinnell New York I should prefer thy drawing on the latter place, either of which will honour thy drfts for my Acct

I am &

 

To Post & Grinnell                                            11 mo 24 1808

 

                        Inclosed I hand you [?] Hicks drft on Hicks Jenkins & Co for $711.68 likewise Jonathan Howlands drft on yourselves for $500 makg a sum of $1211.68 which you will please place to my acct – shd John G Ladd have occation to draw on you for my acct for about $100 – please honour his drfts & place the same to my acct

I am &

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To John G Ladd                                                           12 mo 4 1808

 

                                    Thy favr of the 21 Ulto is duly recd & Note its Contents – Capt Stevens of the Schooner Cornelia left this last week for Norfolk with salt & expects to go from thence to Alexandria – should he be at Alexandria on the recpt of this, & thou hast purchased the Flour requested, I should be much obliged by they shipg the same by her – provided it can be done at a fare frt should Capt Stevens not go to Alexandria – thee will ship me the Flour by the first good opportunity – I must solicit thy attention to see that I have the first rate flour, as none but such will answer my purpose, I intended when I wrote thee for the flour to have rent a Vessell for it, which would have prevented thy trouble in seeing to the quality

 

            Should Cap Stevens not be able to take the 200 lbs & thou hast not purchased it, thee will please regulate the quantity by what he can take I should wish the whole if purchased shipd by one conveyance – I have a Certificate for the Celectmen now in your Office for 1000 lbs flour & 200 bus Corn – of which I have cleared for said Office on 576 bls flour – the Balance must stand good for my name – If Capt Stevens should not go to Alexandria & thou hast a good opportunity to ship me the flour by some Vessell coming to the Northward, I wish thee to embrace it

I am &

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To John G Ladd                                                           1 mo 7 1808

 

                                    Thy favour of the 2nd Ulto I have duly recd stating of thy having purchased the 200 Bls Flour requested each five Dollars & having drawn on Post & Grinnell for the Amot say $1034 which is correct – I am sorry to find that Flour is still on the fall – I have been anctiously wating since I wrote thee on the 4th Ulto to have advice of thy having been able to have Ship’d me the Flour as I am much in want of it – I find the Ship Mercator of this Port is at Alexandria – I wish thou would press my friend John A Parker (the Owner of said Ship) to take the 200 Bls on frt – should the Ship be returning home – if no opportunity should have presented previous to receiving this – Thee will please embrace the first opportunity in shipping me the flour either direct or by the way of New York – please give me thy prespects on shipping the Flour –

I am &

 

To Elisha Jenney                                                           1 mo 31 1809

 

                        I embrace the first opportunity by mail to communicate to the the arrival of the Brig Betsy Cap Niles at this Port on the evening of the 29th Inst – I am with out any of thy advises & of course am unacquainted with views & expectations

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respecting the Brig’s Cargo – our river being frozen ↑ up ↓ for about  One Mile below the Wharf – Capt Nelson is ^employed in^ working ↑up↓ through the Ice –In the mean while I shall which will unadvoidably cause some detention – in the mean while I am in expectation of receiving your directions - & be assured I shall exert my best endeavours to render ↑(altho doubtfull)↓ this consignment proffitable – We have a good supply ↑of Flour↓ at Market at this time much more so than for Twelve month preceding, which will

cause that article to be dull –

I am &

 

To Elisha Jenney                                                           2 mo 11 1809

 

                        Since writing thee on the 31st Ulto I am fav with thine of the 1 mo 20 & 4th Inst the former annexing Invoice of Flour & Bran – agreeable to thy directions I have stored the Flour & sold the Bran at 1/ & ¢18 per bus which was the best possible could be done with it, the quantity was too great for this market – I shall embrace the best opportunity to make sale of thy Flour & remit the Amot [?] as directed – I am sorry to say it is not in my power to purchase at this market any one article which thou hast ordered for the Brigs return Cargo, they are either not at market or above thy limits - I have & directed S Taber to call on me for the $60 which will be paid – Owing to the very severe weather which we have had for Two weeks [?] prevented my giving the Brig such dispatch as I could have wished

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she is now one mile below in the Ice which place we have been obliged to discharge her Cargo on the Ice  she is now completely discharged & principally balanced & will be ready to return in the course of two days provided she can get out of ice – which is doubtful unless we have a blow from the Southward to brake ^it^ up the  we have now more ice in the River & Bay  than has been known for many years – The Certificate of the landing of the Cargo will go by this Mail – The Flour is Nine Barrells short delivered from the whole cargo, which parcel it belongs I am not able to say, perhaps both, when it is sold I shall be able to acquaint you –

I am &

 

To Phineas Jenney                                            2 mo 11 1809

 

                                    Thy esteemed favours of the 21 & 26 Ulto & 3 Inst is duly to hand & fully note their Contents – the former one – annexing Invoice of 335 Bl Flour Sfine & a quantity of Bran the Bran I have sold from the Vessell & the Flour is in store agreeable to thy directions & shall wate thy further orders respecting it – I am sorry to say that I am not able to purchase the Beef requestd at this market & the other articles are above thy limits – for further particulars I refer the to my letter of this date to Elisha Jenney –

I am &

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To William Brown & Co                                               2 mo 23 1809

            Richmond (Virginia)

 

                                                Your esteemed favr of the 6th Inst I have duly recd – In reply I can only say that it still remains uncertain as to what course our Government intends persuring as it respects the Embargo Laws – that I am totally unwilling to engage in any Voyage as yet, until I see some regular sistem adobted that will do to calculate upon – It is generally expected with us, that should the Embargo be repealed, something worse in its stead will be adobted which will be ruinous to our Commerce as well as fatal to our prosperity – still should our trade be opened again in any way that it can be safely proceed, I shall be happy to accept any frt you may be pleased to offer me – provided it should be equal to what might be done where obtained –

I am &

 

 

To Phinias Jenney                                             2 mo 24 1809

 

                        I am in possession of thy exteemed favr of the 15th Inst & in conformity their too shall endeavour to obtain thy limits or more for thy flour – there must be something more favourable, that what is at present anticipated, to induce purchasers to speculate in Flour, even at thy limits, say $8 –

155

the Brig Betsey sailed yesterday in Balast for Alexandria  I should have been able to have given thee this information long before this time, had it not have been for the ice – which has obstructed our navigation for several weeks –

I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                               3 mo 5 1809

 

                        Annexed I hand you R R Crockers Drft on yourselves for Two hundred Dollars which you will please place to my Ct with you, & likewise you will be pleased to forward me my Acct Curt with you, as soon as convenient –

I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                               3 mo 11 1809

 

                        Inclosed I hand you John Johnsons two Dfts on Hicks Jenkins & Co for two Hundred Dollars each which you be pleased to place to my Credit when recd

I am &

 

To William Macy [?Jr]                                      4 mo 1 1809

 

                        By the encouragement given me by Cy Coleman of thy being able to make a speady sale of some Flour – I have been induced to ship by him One hundred Bls best Alexandria Sfine Flour which includes 8 half Bls [?] of the same kind – which hope, thee will be able to make sale of so as to meet me $8  - I do not wish it sold on

156

Ct exceeding 60 days & for none but good paper – should thee meet with a ready sale for this, I may be induced to send thee more should the prospect warrant it – good Bills on New York Philadelphia Baltimore or Alexandria at 60 or even at 90 Days, I would receive in payment for flour –

I am &

 

To Phinias Jenney                                             4 mo 3 1809

 

                                    Thy favr of the 22nd Ulto I duly recd last evening – In reply may say I have sold 50 Bls thy Flour at thy limits say $8 – Flour in Boston $7 ½  which discourages purchasers from  purchasing – however I am in hopes to close the Sales in the course of this week at $7 ½  thee may rest assured every exertion on my part will be & has been used to make sale of the Flour – I don’t think their has been so much flour at this market for many years as what their has been for many 3 months back – I shall not be able to procure any Drfts on Alexandria – If it should not be convenient for thee to draw on me here, I will open a negotiation with Post Grinnell &  Minturn of New York which will be 2 pCt or coast on thy bills being accepted & paid by them – If thee should wish thy Dfts for $2000 will be accepted, by allowing 2 ½ pCt on the Amot which should not be collected at the time thy Dfts may become due – provided thy

157

embarkation should be before I should be able to close the sales of thy Flour – I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                                           4 mo 15 1809

 

                                    Annexed I hand you Howland & Grinnells Dfts for five hundred Dollars which you will please place to my Credit –

I am &

 

To Buchanan & Pollok                         4 mo 15 1809

 

                        This will be handed you by my Brother Cornelius Howland 3d, who is Master of the Brig Robert Barclay to your address – should you not be able to obtain a frt for the Brig to an European port & one should present for New York or a Northern Port – you will use your judgment in accepting it – however I am in expectation that you will be able to procure a frt for a foreign Voyage Port – as Congress Will be together again by the time the Brig can be loaded, when I hope we shall be liberated from our Commercial restrictions –

I am &

 

To Cornelius Howland 3d                      4 mo 15 1809

 

                        The Brig Robert Barclay is now  ready for Sea under thy Command, I recommend thy proceeding direct to City Point (Virginia) their call on Buchanan & Pollok Merts

158

at Petersburg, to whom I have written to procure a frt for the Brig to some port which may appear best, thee will write me immediately on thy arrival giving me the prospect & expectation of business particularly when a frt should be engaged either for Europe or the Northward that I may write thee more particularly respecting the Voyage before thee should leave City Point – thee will avoid taking a frt for the West Indies – thee will give Buchanan & Pollok a drft on Post Grinnell & Minturn of New York for the Amot of the Brigs disbursements at City Point – thee will study economy & dispatch in all thy business –

I am &

 

To Phineas Jenney                                            4 mo 21 1809

 

            I have [?] Since writing thee on the 3d I  have to procure a Drft on Baltimore Annexed I hand thee ↑been able to procure↓ William Rotch Jr Drft on [?Cornthwait & Yamald] ^of Baltimore^ for One Thousand Dollars at 80 Days date, which ^is annexed^ thee will ^& when recd^ please [receive &] place to my Ct I have not as yet been able to close the Sales of thy Flour owing to the large quantity at market & very little or none shipping – but expect shortly to do it –

I am &

 

To Elisha Jenney                                               5 mo 2 1809

 

                        Annexed I hand thee A/ Sales of Bran half the Amot placed to thy Ct & thy [A/?] likewise A/Sales Flour Amot

159

of which is likewise placed to thy Ct & thy A/C Balanced by a balance  in thy favr of $387.86 due Jan 29, which hope will prove correct & to thy satisfaction – I expect to be able to procure a Drft on Baltimore for the Balance due, by or before it is due, which I shall remit thee – I should discourage thy shiping any flour to this market at present for it is over stocked & likely to continue so – I am &

 

I have forwarded the Brig Betseys Acct to Phineas Jenney

 

George Howland

 

To John Jenney                                     5 mo 3 1809

 

                        By request of Phineas Jenney I now hand thee A/Sales of 335 Bls Flour Amot place to his Ct & likewise the Brig Betsys Acct - half the Amot of which is placed to her acct – I have forwarded A/S of Bran to Elisha Janney amog to $152 half of which is placed to his Ct – all of which hope will prove correct & to his satisfaction – I shall forward his A/C soon with the Balance when due –

I am &

 

To Simeon Price                                               5 mo 7 1809

 

                        The Ship Ann Alexander is now ready for sea thyself Master, I recommend thy embracing the first fair wind for Norfolk or City Point I think it would be well to [?] in Hampton Roads & go down to Norfolk & see if anything can be done

160

there, I herewith hand thee a letter to Richard Blow to whom thee will appply at Norfolk should he give thee no consignment then proceed direct for City Point apply to Buchanan & Pollok to whom I have given the a letter – should it so happen that thee should not be able to leave this place for two or 3 days & the wind should be so that the could [?fote]

[?Sandy Hook] I should like the would speak the Pilot Boats off [?Sandy Hook], where I shall give thee, provided I have time to get to New York – I calculate to be in New York by 4d [?] & by 5th 6 the letter will off the Hook – I expect to allow thee 30$ per Month all the primage paid by the shippers not exceeding 5pCt  ¼ Npds Cabin Passingers all necessary expenses paid –

I am &

 

To Capt Simeon Prince                         New York 5 mo 29 1809

 

                        Thine of the 16 & 21 Inst I have recd  - by the latter I find the Ann Alexander has a frt of Tobacco for Falmouth & a Market – I should have been much better pleased to have found she had been freighted to some direct port – I wish thee to use all thy influence to have the Port of  Discharge fix’d to be England or Ireland as it will from materially alter the Premm of Insurance I approve of stowing as many Staves with the Cargo as you can on the Ships Acct I do not expect it is necessary for me to mention the necessity their is in geting as much Cargo in every Part of the Ship

161

as possible, as I am fully satisfyed thee will do the best possible in that respect, as well as to render thy expenses as low as possible – Thee will give me thy accts of expenses on acct of the Ship before thy sailing – my friends in London are Effingham Laurence & Son in Liverpool Cropper Benson & Co in Dublin Charles Fawsett & Co in Belfast Hugh Crawford to whom thee will apply should thee go to either of those places or wish their advise thee can write them for any information thee may stand in need off – on they arrival in Europe or thy discharge in Europe thee will make the best of thy way back to America & apply to the Vineyard  Pilot Boat for instructions where to proceed unless very good business should be afford in England & such as can be safely persued in such a case thee is at liberty to employ the Ship a while & not otherwise, but  make the best of thy way to America – thee will let all thy remitances in Europe be made to Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool or Effingham Lawrence & Son London – the former would be prefered when it can be equally as well done – We have accts of very considerable Ice being in the Atlantic Ocean, keep a good look out for it, please mention this to my Brother – should he stop at Norfolk – thee will write me by every conveyance – I should be willing to make some deduction from the frt to have her port of discharge fix'd to be in England –

I am &

 

To Capt Jacob Taber                                                    New York 5 mo 31 1809

 

                                    The Ship Elizabeth is now loaded for Liverpool, thyself Master, for which Port I recommend thy using every

162

exertion for - & on thy arrival thee will call on Cropper Benson & Co to render thee such assistance as thee may stand in need off – should any business offer for the Ship at Liverpool & such as could be persued with safety thee is at liberty to accept it, provided it should be advantageous or if any frt direct for this Port or a port in American to an Amot worth accepting, thee will do it – but should none offer thee will dunage with Cole & Balast the ship with Salt & return with all dispatch possible to America, apply to the Vineyard Pilot Boats for thy instructions, where I shall have them placed, provided I should find thee should be returning with Coal & Salt – The balance of the Ships frt thee will have placed to my Ct with Cropper Benson & Co – there is now onboard the Ship 10 m ^ft^ Cherry Boards 1 m feet D[?] 50 Bls Tar about 7 m Staves & 100 Albany Boards – which thee will  cause to be sold for Acct of the Ship – I expect to allow thee for this Voyage $30 per Month, 5 pCt Primage if paid by the Shippers of goods 2 pCt priviledge ¼ Npds Cabin Passingers –

I am &

 

To Capt Cornelius Howland                              New York 5 mo 31, 1809

 

                                    Thy favr of the 25th Inst I have recd & am much pleased to find that thee is like to make so good a frt. this goes by Capt Taber, who I hope will meet thee at Liverpool & to whom thee will apply for any advice thee may stand in need off – I don’t expect thee will be able to get any frt back, as there will be so

163

many Vessells in Liverpool that will be much ^more^ likely to command frt than the Robert Barclay, therefore I should recommend thy taking in Coal for Dunage & Balast with Salt & return immediately for America unless good business should present at Liverpool, in which case thee is at liberty to accept, should thee return direct to America thee will call on the Vineyard Pilot boats, where I shall endeavour to leave instructions for thee – thee will address the Brig to Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool & the Balance of the Brigs Accts thee will have placed to my acct with them – I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                 New York 5 mo 31, 1809

 

                                    This will be handed you be Capt Taber of the Ship Elizabeth to your address, I shall be obliged by your rendering him such bus assistance as will enable him to procure some return frt with dispatch – I wish the Ship Balasted with Salt if a full frt back should not present – the balance of her frt out you will please place to my Ct with the Amo of some Lumber Tar & on Ships Acct which will be delivered by Capt Taber

I am &

 

To Buchanan & Pollok                         7 mo 8 1809

 

                                    Your esteemd favr of the 12th Ulto is duly recd covering Brig Robert Barclays acct of disbursements balanced by my Brothers drft at 10 Days on Post Grinnell & Minturn of New York which is all correct & fully ↑very↓ much to ^my^ satisfaction

I am &

164

 

To John G Ladd                                               7 mo 8 1809

 

                                                I was at Nantucket a few days since where my Brother Allen Howland informed me, that last summer he put into thy hands a quantity of Tea & Nankens for Sale – Since which he has writen thee several times & has not been able to rec? any reply, owing as he apprehends to the misscarage of his letters – in consequence of which he wished me to write thee, requesting of thy forwarding me the A/Sale of Said Tea & Nankens, as he is fully thinks they must have been sold previous to this time – thee will please forward the A/Sale to me as soon as it conveniently can be done –

I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                               7 mo 18 1809

 

                        Inclosed I hand you the Cashier of Bedford Banks Check for Eleven hundred Dollars which you will please place to me Credit –

I am &

 

To John Janney  Alexa                                       7 mo 22 1809

 

                        Annexed I hand thee Pineas Jenney A/C Balanced by William Rotch Jr Drft on [?Cornthwait & Yarmall] for $849.10 at 30 Days sight which is also annexed & hope it will all prove

165

correct which thee will please note accordingly↑in conformity↓ should it prove correct –

I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                                           7 mo 30 1809

 

                                    Annexed I hand you William Rodman Drft of Elias M Stillwell at sight for $244.32 which you will please receive & place to my Ct with the inclosed Check on the Merchants Bank for $350 making a Sum of $594.32 –

I am &

 

To Thomas Lowell                                            8 mo 5 1809

 

                                    I think thee suggested to me while in Alexandria, your intentions of establishing a correspondence with the New York Banks – should that be the case, would it be agreeable to you, for me at any time to place money at the Ct of the Potomac Bank with said New York Banks - & when you were made acquainted with the Amounts, accept my checks for the same at your Bank – the sums probably will be small – if it should be meet your approbation to accept my checks on the above conditions – please mention what Banks in New York has Accts with your Bank - & what course will be necessary to persue to have the business done to your satisfaction –

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                                          8 mo 5 1809

 

                                    Thy esteemed favour of 29 of June covering the Ship Ann Alexanders account of  Disbust I have duly recd

Amt

166

to $1216.20 for which sum thou art reimbursed by Cap Price [?] on Post Grinnell & Minturn of New York, which is all correct  - thy charge of 8 pCt Comn on Acct of Disburs is 2 ½ pCt more than what I now recollect of ever paying before – if it is thy established custom I shall expect to pay it – I have no more than 2 ½ pCt  chd me up the River or else where –

I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                               9 mo 21 1809

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you my Lett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co for £1000 Stg – which you will please dispose of & place the Amot to my Ct – If in your opinion Exchange will be higher than what it now is, you will defer the Sale – Should the Elizabeth & Robert Barclay arrive soon – I shall confide in your judgement in the best time when to make sale of their Cargoes – provided no immediate business offered for them – I hope soon to hear of the Ann Alexanders safe arrival at London England – I expect her port of discharge will be London – in which case she will be returning without a Cargo – would it not be well for her to be dircited  to the W Islands, to take a Cargo that may be sent to her there for England – I can order her there – as she will receive my directions where to proceed from our Pilot Boats – please give me your opinion –

I am &

167

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         9 mo 21 1809

 

                        Your esteemed favour of the 12 & 31 of  7 month advising the arrival at Liverpool of the Ship Elizabeth & Brig Robert Barclay have been duly recd – I now advise you of having drawn in favour of Post Grinnell & Minturn for £1000 Stg which you will have the goodness to honour & place the same to my acct – I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         10 mo 31 1809

 

                                    Since writing you on the 21st of last month I have your esteemed favr of the 8 & 21 of 8 mo & the 2 of 9 mo – the latter by the Elizabeth who arrived on the 29th Inst Inclosing Bill of lading for Salt & Coal – I was sorry to find she had not a full Cargo of Salt as it pays a handsom profit – hope soon to have the pleasure of recg her A/C as to have advise of the Robert Barclays sailing – I now advise of having drawn ^this day^ on you in favr of our frds Post Grinnell & Minturn for £750 Stg which you will honour with your acceptance when it appears –

I am &

 

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son                          10 mo 31 1809

 

                                    Your esteemd favr of the 11 & 15 of 8 mo & 1st of 9 mo are duly recd – the latter by the Fame who arrived at this port yesterday – the Ann Alexander not yet in – I hope soon to see her – I have now

168

to advise of having this day drawn on you in fav of our our friends Post Grinnell & Minturn for £1000 Stg – which you will have the goodness to honour When it appears & place the same to my Acct – you will please forward me the Ann Alexanders Acct Balanced by my Acct

 

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                                           10 mo 31 1809

 

                                    Inclosed I hand you two setts of Exchange one for £1000 on Effingham Laurence & Son & one sett for £750 Stg on Cropper Benson & Co which I hope you will be able to dispose of at 2 ½ pCt advance – when sold please place the Amot to my Ct – I this day gave Howland & Grinnell a Drft on you for $756 which you will have the goodness to accept & place to my Acct – the Elizabeth left this morning with a fine wind – She goes outside of Long Island - & hope you will be able to procure good employment for her – our Idea's are about $17000 for the Value of the Ship –

I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                               12 mo 22 1809

 

                        Inclosed I hand you my sett of Exchange on Cropper Benson & Co for £300 Stg – which I wish you to exercise your judgement in the Sale of – if Exchange is low perhaps it will

169

be best to defer a little – I understand it is at par in Philadelphia & so, perhaps that will be the best market –

I am &

 

To Cap Cornelius Howland                              12 mo 30 1809

 

                        Thy favour of the 17th Inst is duly recd &  should have been pleased to have found thee had procured a frt for the ship that I might have writen thee more particularly but as the probability is thee will go for Cadiz or Lisbon I shall endeavour to give the instructions accordingly & as the Mail is so long in passing I fear to defer writing thee any longer – should thee go for either Cadiz or Lisbon – I wish thee to return direct to the Vineyard pilot Boats where thee will meet my instructions – thee will load the Ship with Salt at either of these places or as much as will bring about three wales of the Ship into the water – which I expect will be from 250 to 300 Tons – the House of French Duff & Co of Lisbon has been recommended to me for a good Coms House, I have no particular house in Cadiz, it is likely that Pollok will be able to recommend thee to some good house in either place – it will be very necessary to look well to them as in

general those Spanish Houses are capable of great duplicity perhaps thee or rather Pollok can ge the freighters to agree to pay the frt at the port of discharge in Bills on some good house in England the payment of what to be guaranteed by the Shippers of the Cargo – which was the case with the shippers of the Fames Cargo

170

but should Pollok not be able to make the arrangement with the Shippers thee must do the best thee can in procuring good bills on England wherever thee may deliver thy Cargo, which thee [?] will forward by different conveyances to Cropper Benson &Co of Liverpool or Effingham Lawrence & Son of London the former I should prefer if conveniently can be done – thee will be particular to get four bills for one sett of Exchange & forward three of them by different conveyances to England & the fourth thee will keep with thyself or forward it to me should the not be returning immediately which thee is at liberty not to do should thee find good business for the Ship in Europe which thee will take the best advise upon – in loading the Ship with Salt it will be necessary to position it in the Ship in such a manner as to make the Ship easy – not to put it all in the middle of the Ship – it will be well to put some between decks be particular to have a plenty of shifting plank in the Ship before the leaves City Point (as they will be high in Spain) to secure a Cargo of Salt – the will remit all the frt after paying thy expenses as above directed & order it placed to my Ct – requesting them to advise me of the same – I

flatter myself that every exertion will be made by thee to make thy Voyage as short as possible & as little expense as possible – that thee may be back early in the Spring – as I expect business will then be very good & I am in some expectation of sending her up the Baltic if their should be no obstruction – it is possible thee may get the [?account] of the repeal

171

of the Non-intercourse before the leaves Cadiz or Lisbon – should that be the case there may be very high frts given for England which thee  can accept should that be thought advisable – but unless they very high it will be best to return with Salt – in all cases thee will not fail of writing me by every conveyance – hoping soon to hear of thy having procured a good frt as well as with dispatch – that thee may not meet with such delay as last Summer – as in all cases dispatch is absolutely necessary to secure any proffit in the freighting business I think that Pipe Staves may do well at Cadiz & I do not know

but they may do well in Lisbon – wishing thee a pleasant Voyage & safe return I remain thy affectionate Brother –

George Howland

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son                                                  1 mo 11 1810

 

                        Since writing your [?] on the 31st of 10 month I am in Possession of your Exteemed favours of 6 & 9 of Sept & 9 Novr 1809 & fully Note their Contents – the former enclosing the Ann Alexanders A/C Balanced by my Acct with £1050.5.7 Stg which is correct & hope soon to receive A/Sales of her Staves – I have now to advise you of having Drawn in favr of William S Wall at 30 Days for £90.18.5 which you will have the goodness to honour & place to my Acct

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             12 mo 22 1809

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 19th of 9th Month &

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3 of 11th Month 1809 Is duly recd a the former Covering the Robert Barclays Acct making a Balance due to the Owners of £2637.46 which appears be correct this Balance with the Amot of Tonage duty on the Brig out – you will place to my Credit with you – the

latter covering the Elizabeths Accts all of which appear to be correct & are entered accordingly – My Exchange for £308 at 60 Days in favour Post Grinnell & Minturn of this date you will have the goodness to Honour & place the Amot to my Acct

I am &

 

To Robert Pollok                                              2 mo 1 1810

 

                                    Thy esteemed favour of 28th Decr & 18 Inst

I have duly recd the latter covering the Ann Alexanders Accts balanced by my Brothers Drft on Post Grinnell & Minturn for $765.26 which is all correct & fully to my satisfaction – Should the Non Intercourse Act be repealed soon, I shall be much obliged by thy advising my brother of it, should an opportunity present – I shall be obliged by thy advising me at times the state of business with you rates of frt etc

I am &

 

To Nathaniel Greene                                         2 mo 6 1810

            Topsham Maine

 

                                                Thy favr of the 29th Ulto I duly recd & am sorry to find thy cotations of prices of Lumber is much higher than I expected for what I undersood from thee, the

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probable would be lower – If thou art willing to deliver me the Lumber as stated at foot, at some convenient landing or when a Vessell can come at it below Hallowell – I will receive it – If not, I wish thee to have the Flore Boards & petitioning plank procured on the best terms thee can & I will satisy thee for the same

 

I can get the best of Boards at Portland at from 6 to 6 ½  per [?] – thee will please give me an early reply stating wheather thee accepts my offer – the lumber must be of the best kind Seasoned – the Flore Boards & done stuff I wish sawed & stack immediately

 

Cash will be paid on receiving the Lumber, which will be as early as the River opens – I wish particular care in getting the Flore Boards & havg them stack I wish them to be narrow –

 

            25 m [?Mivt] Boards @ $ 7  -----                    $7

            8 m Clear Ditto including 600 feet

                        1¼  1½ & 1¾ don stuffe ---} @       $14

            1 ½ m 1 ½ Inch Petitiong Plank       @  $6

            3 m 1 ½ Inch Spruce Flore Boards              @ $7

            30 m Shingles                                          @ $250

              2 m Clapboards                                       @ $14

            20 m Lathes                                                 @$6

 

I am &

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To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         3 mo 24 1810

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of 12 mo 8 1809 & 1 mo 7 1810 I have duly recd & note their Contents -  I now advise of having this day drawn on you for £160 Stg in favr of J[?Joseph] Allen & Son which you will please honour & place the same to my acct

I am &

 

To John Wood Jr                                             5 mo 13 1810

 

                                    I have a letter from Robert Pollok dated 3rd Inst stating he had engauged a frt of Tobacco for the George & Susan to Liverpool at £619 per hhd & he says every dispatch is promised. I expect thee will be able to load the Ship & be off soon – as dispatch is every thing – I flatter myself there will be nothing wantg on thy part to make the Voyage short & proffitable – economy must be used to secure this – Thee will give Robert Pollok a Drft on Post Grinnell & Minturn for Acct for the Balance of thy expenses at City Point over the $500 – thee will please forward me thy acct with the Ship before sailing – thee write me often & particularly by the pilot of Cape Henry – Thee will address the Ship to Cropper Benson & Co Liverpool & if any good business should offer in Europe which in thy opinion would be proferable to returning, thee is at liberty to accept it -  Should the return direct to America & can get some frt for Norfolk, enough for

175

an object thee will donage the Ship with good Coal & take in as much fine Salt with from 50 to 100 well assorted Crates on Ships acct or will load the Ship with the goods on frt & return with all dispatch for New York – I should not advise wating long for freight

            Perhaps thee may be able to get some frt for Virginia – thee will inquire of Pollok what kind of Salt will best answer at that market that thee may govern theyself accordingly – should thee be returning without any frt thee will then load the Ship with fine Salt taking the quantity of Crates above mentioned & speak the Vineyard pilot Boats where thee will find directions where to proceed with the ship – should thee find no directions with the boats then thee will bring the Ship to [New] Bedford –

            Balance of the ships frt out thee will have in the hands of Cropper Benson & Co – I wish thee to carry as many staves with the Cargo as the ship will take on owners acct – Last year Ships were very much detained in Liverpool for want of Dock room, therefore it will be more necessary to get there as soon as possible before many Ships should arrive to prevent great detention – I wish thee to get for me in Liverpool a handsome Glass Globe Lamp for a front interior of a suitable size –

I am &

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To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         5 mo 28 1810

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of 2 mo 12 & 3 mo 23 is duly to hand – the Balance of my Fathers acct say £36.1.10 is placed to your debit – the Ann Alexander was at Cadiz in the 3rd Month last Cap Howland has my directions to remit the Balc of her frt to you, which will probable be about £1400 when recd please advise me – The Ship George & Susan Capt Wood is now (I expect) loaded at City Point  (Virginia) for Liverpool to your address, I have directed Capt Wood to return with a Cargo of fine Salt  & from 50 to 100 Crates for owners acct (provided nothing better could be done) which you will please exercise your judgment in directing the assortment as well as the quantity – the Salt & Crates will be intended for the New York market, unless she should be intended be able to procure a frt for some Southern port, in which case you will please Ship the Salt & Crates, or neither, or either, as in your judgment will appear for the Interest of the Owners – the Balc of the Acct with you will be placed to my Ct – My sett of Exchange in favr William Rotch Jr at 30 Days sight of this date for £200 you will please honour & place to my Acct – I expect Effingham Laurence & Son of London will will make you a small remitance for my Acct, when recd please advise me –

I am &

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To Effingham Laurence & Son                                      5 mo 28 1810

 

                                    Your esteemed favr of the 17 of Jany a few days since came to hand, inclosing A/S of Staves for Ann Alexander (subject to a deduction for lighterage, acct of which you will have the goodness to forward as soon as convenient) Npds of which is placed to your debit say £323.12.4 – I shall be much obliged by your placing

to the Order of William S Wall of this place £50 & charge the Amot to my Acct – My sett of Exchange in Favr William Rotch Jr of this date for £200 at 30 days sight on you, you will have the goodness to honour & place to my Acct & the final balance of my Acct you will place to my Ct with Cropper Benson & Co of Liverpool as soon as it can conven-

nently be done - 

I am &

 

To Richard Blow                                                          5 mo 28 1810

 

            Thy Favr of the 12th Inst I have duly recd & should been glad for the Ship George & Susan to have stop’d at Norfolk as it appear she could have done equally obtained the same rate of frt – I am in daily expectation of the arrival of the Ann Alexander from Cadiz with a load of salt please say what she & her Cargo would do at Norfolk – I should much prefer a frt to Liverpool or some port in Ireland, even at a less frt –

I am &

 

To Robert Pollok                                                          5 mo 18 1810

 

                        They esteemd favr of the 3, 9 & 17th Inst I have duly recd I am much pleased to find thee has been enable to procure so good

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business for the George & Susan & particularly as it is with an expectation of giving the ship dispatch which is at all times to be desired – I am now daily in expectation of the arrival of the Ann Alexander please advise me what thee can do for her & likewise what Cadiz Salt would bring with you – Cap Wood’s drft on Post Grinnell & Minturn for my Acct will be accepted by them for Amot the Ship disbursements –

I am &

 

To Josiah Bradlee                                                         5 mo 28 1810

 

                        Thy favr of the 25th Inst I have duly recd – I would discount common Interest on the loss of the [?Cornelis] for the money, but nothing more – altho thee has quoted to rates of Exchange much lower than I expected, yet I have been induced to forward thee two setts for £200 each on Liverpool & London, which thee will dispose of on the best terms thee can – the Bills are indorsed by William Rotch Jr – I shall be obliged by thy forwarding the inclosed letters by two different conveyances –

I am &

 

To Cornelius Howland 3rd                                 7 mo 25 1810

 

                        The Ann Alexander is I expect now at New York loading for Liverpool, I wish thee to make the best of thy way there & take charge of her – I think will be best to have her lower Hole entirely filled with heavy goods & Cotton between decks

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& if Cotton cannot be had to stow on deck I wish thee to take as many pine deal Boards as will be prudent to take on deck & proceed to Liverpool with all possible dispatch & then address theyself to Cropper Benson & Co who will do the business for the Ship, I think it will be well to order immediately on thy arrival at Liverpool 50 Tons best Cole

150 Tons fine Salt & fifty Crates well assorted ware such as Cropper Benson & Co may advise & if any frt can be had for New York thee will take it & if it is necessary thee can reduce the quantity of Salt should thee be fortunate enough to get much frt back – I do not wish thee to lay any time to procure frt – but to use every exertion to get back as soon as possible – In case of any accident to the Ship be very particular in proceeding according to Law so as to recover from Uderwriters – The balance of the ships frt out thee will order placed to my Ct with Cropper Benson & Co – I wish thee to procure for me in Liverpool 1 pc good Carpeting of modest figure price about 4/ Stg – On good Spy Glass price £4 – I should like to have a few pieces good Flanell a piece of handsom drab Casemere & a few doz White Cotton & Worsted Hose – thee will get a Cable in New York for the Ship of 90 fathoms long same size as the Old One - 

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             8 mo 22 1810

 

                                    Your esteemed favour of the 22 & 25 of 5 mo last has been duly recd the latter advising of having recd a remitance

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from Cap Howland at Cadiz in three bills of exchange for £1378.3.5 which hope will be duly paid – I now have to advise of having drawn on you in favr of Post Grinnell & Minturn of this date for £750 Stg at 60 days which you will please honour & place to my acct

            The Ann Alexander sail’d on the 8th Inst from New York for Liverpool – she goes to Mason Hodges & Co – this alteration was made by my agents in New York (Post Grinnell & Minturn) in consequence of getting some considerable frt for the Ship – I should have preferd her going to you –

I am &

 

To Post Grinnell & Minturn                                           8 mo 22 1810

 

                        I have your several esteemed favours of which I fully note their Contents – as it respects the Ann Alexander I am satisfyed – & did not at the time believe to the extent of what was said as the frt [?] – I hand you my exchange for £750 Stg on Cropper Benson & Co which you will please dispose of & place to my Ct – please forward the inclosed letters by different conveyances –

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                             10 mo 1 1810

 

            I now have the pleasure of acknowledging your exteemed favours of the 12th and 25th of 7 Mo last advising of the arrival of the George & Susan & the expectation of obtaining a full Cargo or frt back which I hope you will be able to receive – I have this  day drawn on you in favour of Aaron Hobart Jr for £90 Stg at 30

181

Days payable in London which you will please Honour when it appears & place the same to Acct

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                                         11 mo 9 1810

 

                                    The foregoing is Copy of last respects to you since which I am favoured with yours of 8 mo 18 – 9 mo 4 – 10 & 28 the Contents of which are fully noted – the George & Susan had not arrived at my last dates from City Point – I have again of drawn on you in favr of our friends Post & Minturn of this date at 60 Days for £400 Stg which please accept & place to my Debit –

I am &

 

To John Wood Jr                                             12 mo 30 1810

                        The Ship George & Susan is now aloading at City Point for a Port in the Irish Channell thyself Master – thee will proceed & take charge of her & when she is ready make all possible speed for the port of Discharge – thee will acquaint Cropper Benson & Co of thy arrival as soon as possible should thee go to any other Port except Liverpool – should thy port of discharge be Liverpool thee will adress theself to them, where it is likely thee will find letters from me – thee will apply to Lachy & Mark at Cork Hugh Crawford Belfast - & should thee go to Bristol Cropper Benson & Co will recommend some House to thee – thee will apply or write Cropper Benson & Co

182

for all business in which thee may find it necessary to be acquainted with – thy accts with the Ship thee will forward me from City Point before sailing or from Hampton, thee can forward them by water to the care of Post & Minturn New York for them to forward then to me by Packet – the Ships Screws thee will sell before Sailing if it can be done before sailing so as to answer – I shall write thee at Liverpool shortly respecting the future destiny of the Ship thee will write me frequently & particularly when thee leaves the

Capes – Recommending economy & dispatch as being the two most necessary qualifications in the frt business –

I am &

 

To John Wood Jr                                             1 mo 14 1811

 

                        I wrote thee on the 12th Inst by Mail this I write by Capt Toby – If thee should not rec any letters from me at Port Glasgow thee will use every exertion & return direct to America in Balast – unless thee should find the Non importation Acct should be repealed in which case thee will ^have^ the Ship balasted with Cole & if Crates as well as Glass Ware & Window Glass can be had so as to make something by them thee is at liberty to take some on Owners Acct – As Port Glasgow is a convenient Port I hope no delay will attend but if proper exertions are made I have not doubt thee will be able to  make a short Voyage – Should thee be returning in

183

Balast or with goods only on Owners Acct thee will call on the Vinyeard Pilot Boats for directions where to take the Ship to – the Balance of the Ships frt out thee will remit to Cropper Benson & Co requesting them to advise me of the same as well as of thy arrival to whom thee will write as soon as thee arrives at Greenock – be careful & not bring any goods what every unless the Acct of the repeal of the nonimportant act be repeated  -

I am &

 

To Cropper Benson & Co                                            2 mo 1 1811

 

                        Since writing you on the 9th of 11 Month last I have your esteemed favours of 10 Month 1st & 15th 11th Month 3rd & 16th  the latter advising of having recd from Effingham Laurence & Son £37.13.3 which sum is placed to your debit - & the former covering the George & Susan Accts Balanced by a Transfer to my Credit of £18887.3.6 which appears to be correct – The George & Susan I expect have ere this left City Point for Greenock with a load of Tobacco – I have directed Capt Wood to remit the Balance of the ships Acct at Greenock to my Ct with you – I have directed Cap Wood to be very carefull that he brings nothing back as Cargo unless he gets a knowledge of the Intercourse being open – this you will please confirm to him or Thomson & Buchanan of Greenock likewise – the Ann Alexander has arrived after a very rough passage – her return Cargo is Contrary to Order & have proved much against my Interest –

I am &

 

To Effingham Laurence & Son                                      2 mo 1 1811

 

                                    Your esteemed favours of 1st of June 03rd  & 14th of July & 6th of Novr 1810 I have duly recd – the Accts therein inclosed, appear

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Correct – Balanced by a remitance to Cropper Benson & Co of £37.13.3 – which they have acknowledged the receipt off – all of which is correct & fully to Satisfaction & my Acct is colored – our Intercourse with you is at times very much interrupted – but I am in hopes that some accomodation may ere long take place where trade may again revive – but at present very dull –

I am &

 

To Cornelius Howland 3d                                  3 mo 3 1811

 

            I expect on the receipt of this thee will be near ready for Sea – I expect there will be no want of exertion on thy part to render that Voyage short – as it very much depends on dispatch in port to accomplish a Voyage in a short time – thee will use every exertion as well as economy throughout the Voyage – on thy arrival at Dublin thee will apply to BT &Pemberton to whom the Vessell will be addressed by Post & Minturn & state to them that it is important that they give thee dispatch & Post & Minturn will given thee a letter to another House in Dublin for to apply to in case the above house should not be inclined to to thee justice – Post & Minturn will give thee an account of what kind of Glass Ware it will be best to bring of which kind I wish thee to Order 40 hhd provided the Intercourse is open before thee should leave Dublin, I wish likewise one Box of Linens priced from 1/6 to 4/ Sterling per yd & the Balance remitted to Cropper Benson &Co Liverpool – thee will immediately on thy arrival at Dublin order the ship advertised for Passingers for New York & New Bedford the latter place would be prefered as no Bonds is required to prevent their becoming chargable to the state for three years which is the case at New York Should any passingers present such as would not be safe to give Bonds for thee can argee to land them either at New Bedford or New York as thy pleases in which case thee can stop here with them – unless the intercourse should be open & thee should take frt for New York then thee will be careful to take no passingers that will be risky in Bonding – such passingers might be able to get some respectable person at Dublin to be willing to give ^them a^ Bond to indemnify the owner of the Ship for being chargable on their acct which will answer every purpose – thee will be able to bring as many Passingers as thee can get & if the Intercourse should be open thee can bring what frt thee can get likewise – which is likely to be a considerable – the Glass

185

ware will be from Waterford in Ireland – thee will be very particular that there is no goods brought home in the Ship unless thee should have knowledge of the Intercourse being open – I request thee will write me by frequently – I dont wish thee to wate to have an opportunity of forwarding a letter before thee can write but to write the letter & then forward it by the first conveyance – thee will write to Cropper Benson & Co immediately on thy arrival at Dublin & request them toWrite me – then write me every particular transaction – thee will be particular that the frt is paid in British Stg as Irish Sterling is 1/12 less than British thee can advise with Capt [?Taber] or any one else respecting the customs of Dublin & respecting lighterage & thee will be very careful that the Ship is sufficiently lighted before thee should attempt to take her up to the City of Dublin – as she is of such a shape ship being so deep as it would ruin the Ship to have catched on some of those Banks or holes in the river – If thee should find the Intercourse is not open & returning with Passingers only thee will agree with them to bring them here but if the Intercourse should be open & thee should be able to obtain any frt of consequence for New York thee may then ageee to leave them at that place – it will be best to carry out a considerable  [?] on acct of bringing Passingers –

I am &

[Transcriptions  converted to HTML format by Mark Procknik, 03 January 2012]