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New Bedford, Massachusetts 1829-1854
A Selected Bibliography
Aanseng, Nathan. Black Inventors. (American Profiles). New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1997. Chapter 1 covers Lewis Temple.
Ashley, Clifford W. The Yankee Whaler. Introduction by Robert Cushman Murphy. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1926. Pages 86, 87 include detailed descriptions of the Temple toggle harpoon and its value to the whale- fishery.
Boss, Judith A. New Bedford, A Pictorial History.Photographs by Joseph D. Thomas. Norfolk, VA: The Donning Company/Publishers, 1983. Page 62 includes a photograph of Lewis Temple and a brief biographical sketch.
Busch, Briton Cooper. Whaling Will Never Do for Me: The American Whaleman in the Nineteenth Century.Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, 1994. A brief mention on page 33.
Goode, George Brown. The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Section v, History and Methods of the Fisheries. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887. Page 251.
Hayden, Robert C. African-Americans & Cape Verdean-Americans in New Bedford: A History of Community and Achievement. Boston, MA: Select Publications, 1993. Pages 15, 50, 63, 115 including material on the statue of Lewis Temple in front of the New Bedford Free Public Library created by sculptor Jim Toatley.
Hayden, Robert C. Eight Black American Inventors.Reading, MA: 1972. Chapter 3, “Lewis Temple”.
Kaplan, Sidney. “Lewis Temple and the Hunting of the Whale,” The New England Quarterly, Vol. 26, No.1 (March, 1953), pages 78-88. A scholarly biography.
Lytle, Thomas G. Harpoons and Other Whalecraft. New Bedford, MA: The Old Dartmouth Historical Society Whaling Museum, 1984. Important chapters relating to New Bedford ship smiths in general and Lewis Temple in particular.
McKissack, Patricia C. and Fredrick L. McKissack. Black Hands, White Sails: The Story of African-American Whalers. New York: Scholastic Press, 1999. Pages 56-57 include a brief biographical sketch.
[Taber, Charles, and Co. ] The New Bedford Directory, Containing the City Register, A General Directory of the Citizens, and A Special Directory, of Trades, Professions, Etc. New Bedford, MA: Charles Taber & Co., 1836-1854.
Spears, John R. The Story of the New England Whalers. New York: The Macmillan Co. , 1908. A brief mention on page 207.
Webb, Robert Lloyd. On the Northwest: Commercial Whaling in the Pacific Northwest, 1790-1967.Vancouver , BC: University of British Columbia Press, 1988. Page 71 refers to Temple's invention coming too late for popular use on the Northwest Coast